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Waupaca, Portage, Wood, Marathon, Lincoln, Oneida, 
Vilas, Langlade and Shawano, 





J. H. BEERS .t CO. 





THE importance of placing in book form biographical history of representative citi- 
zens — both for its immediate worth and for its value to coming generations — is 
admitted by all thinking people; and within the past decade there has been a 
growing interest in this commendable means of perpetuating biography and family 

That the public is entitled to the privileges afforded by a work of this nature needs no 
assertion at our hands; for one of our greatest Americans has said that the history of an\- 
country resolves itself into the biographies of its stout, earnest and representati\'e citizens. 
This medium, then, serves more than a single purpose: while it perpetuates biography and 
famil\- genealogy, it records history, nuich of which would be preserved in no other way. 
In presenting the Commemorative Biographical Record to its patrons, the publish- 
ers ha\ i to acknowledge, with gratitude, the encouragement and support their enterprise 
has received, and the willing assistance rendered in enabling them to surmount the many 
unforeseen obstacles to be met with in the production of a work o( this character. In 
nearh' everv instance the material romposiug the sketches was gathered froiii those im- 
mediately interested, and then submitted in type-written form for correction and revision. 
The volume, which is one of generous amplitude, is placed in the hands of the public with 
the belief that it will be found a valuable addition to the library, as well as an invaluable 
contribution to the historical literature of Wisconsin. 

thp: publisher.s. 





H. UPHAM. In trans- 
mitting to posterity rec- 
ords of distinguished men 
of the present day, into 
the minds of the youth 
of our land will be in- 
stilled the important les- 
son that honor and sta- 
tion are the sure reward of merit, and that, 
compared to habits of industry, persever- 
ance, probity and integrity, the greatest 
fortune would be but a poor inheritance. 
The life of the gentleman, of whom we now 
write, is a worthy example and model to any 
generation, and the high dignity to which he 
has attained is evidence in itself that the 
qualities above enumerated afford the means 
of distinction under a system of government 
in which the places of honor are open to all 
who may be found worthy of them. 

Governor Upham is a native of Massa- 
chusetts, born in Westminster May 3, 1841, 
of English descent, tracing his ancestry to 
John Upham, who was born in Somerset- 
shire, England, and in 1635 came from Eng- 
land with the Hull Colony, who landed on the 
shores of America May 16, settling in the 
then young Colony of Massachusetts, making 
their first New-World home at Weymouth. 
From this John Upham sprung all the Up- 

hams in America, and in direct line to the 
subject of this sketch his descendants were 
Phineas, John, Samuel, Jonathan, Alvin 
and William H. At the age of eleven years 
the last named, now the Governor of Wis- 
consin, accompanied his parents from 
Massachusetts to Niles, Mich., and after 
the death of his father he and his widowed 
mother came, in .1853, to Wisconsin, tak- 
ing up their residence in Racine, where the 
lad resumed his studies, his elementarj' 
education having been received at the com- 
mon schools of his native town and Niles. 
In 1 86 1, at the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion, Mr. Upham enlisted in 
the Belle City Rifles, which became Com- 
pany F, Second Wisconsin Infantry, and 
with his regiment participated in the battle 
of Bull Run July 21, 1861, during which en- 
gagement he was shot through the lungs, 
and left on the battlefield for dead. News 
of his death was sent to his home, and he 
was mourned alike by relatives and friends, 
the newspapers publishing long eulogies 
about him, while Rev. Hutchins, of the 
First Baptist Church, Racine, preached a 
most eloquent and impressive funeral ser- 
mon, highly laudatory of the (supposed) 
deceased's character and career. This ser- 
mon was printed in full in one of the local pa- 
pers, and a copy of same now occupies a con- 


spicuous place in the Governor's scrap book 
— a memento of the stirring war times, and 
a testimonial of the esteem in which he was 
held, even in his boyhood, by those who 
knew him well. 

Some seven months afterward the lost 
one was found in one of the Southern pris- 
ons, where he had passed the long interval, 
far from pleasantly, it is unnecessary to 
add, but, fortunately, recovering from his 
apparently fatal wound. From the battle- 
field he had been taken to Libby prison, 
where he was confined over half a year, 
when he was paroled, and after his release 
he reported at Washington. President Lin- 
coln, thinking it probable that he could get 
from the young soldier some valuable infor- 
mation relative to Confederate affairs, sent 
for him, and was so favorably impressed 
with his appearance and manly bearing that 
he used his personal influence to secure for 
Mr. Upham a long-coveted position as cadet 
at West Point, where he followed the pres- 
cribed course of studj-. This was in 1862, 
and in the class of 1866 he graduated, 
after which, June 18, same year, he was 
commissioned second lieutenant in the artil- 
lery service, U. S. Army, his first duty be- 
ing to act as officer of the guard to Jeffer- 
son Davis, who at that time was a prisoner 
in Fortress Monroe. On March 4, 1869, 
Second-Lieut. Upham was promoted to first 
lieutenant, and November 18 he resigned 
his commission, returned to Wisconsin, and 
at once commenced to devote his energies 
to the development of extensive enterprises 
in the northern part of the State. He first 
located at Kewaunee, Wis., in 1869, moved 
to Angelica, Wis., in 1871, and went 
to Marshfield, Wis., in 1879, the year in 
which it was platted, and here built a saw 
and shingle mill, becoming the leading 
spirit in the upbuilding of the place. The 
citizens of to-day claim that Marshfield 
owes everything to Gov. Upham's indomi- 
table will power, enterprise and public- 
spiritedness, and that he may be truthfully 
called the founder of the town. In addi- 
tion to being identified with extensive lum- 
ber interests. Gov. Upham is also president 
of the Upham Manufacturing Co., of Marsh- 
field, the plant of which comprises a saw- 

mill, shingle-mill and gristmill, furniture 
factory, veneer works and machine shops, 
employment being given to some 400 hands. 
The product of the concern is shipped to all 
points of the compass — to San Francisco, 
Portland, Boston, New York and Chicago, 
as well as to London, Glasgow and other 
European cities. The company also operates 
one of the largest general retail stores to be 
found in the West. Governor Upham served 
as president of the First National Bank 
of Marshfield, but resigned that position up- 
on being elected Governor of Wisconsin. 
On June 2, 1887, Marshfield was almost 
totally destroyed by fire, and brought des- 
pair to the hearts of its residents; but 
Major Upham, though the heaviest loser by 
the dire catastrophe, with characteristic 
pluck and energy announced to the people 
his determination to rebuild the cit}'. By 
January i, 1888, less than seven months 
from the time the scene was one of smok- 
ing blackened ruins, sixth-two substantial 
brick blocks were erected and occupied. 
Major Upham at once establishing many of 
the enterprises before referred to, and 
through his efforts Marshfield has been made 
one of the thriving and rapidly developing 
cities of northern Wisconsin. 

Governor Upham has ever been fore- 
most in anything he has undertaken. He 
was first to enlist in the Belle City Rifles, 
and was the first private soldier appointed 
to West Point. In military affairs he has 
ever continued his interest, and is a member 
of both the Loyal Legion and the Grand 
Army of the Flepublic, and was elected 
State Commander of the latter for the De- 
partment of Wisconsin. He served on the 
staff of Department Commander Lucius 
Fairchild, as aid-de-camp, with the rank 
of major, and was appointed by President 
Arthur on the board of visitors to the 
Naval Academy at i\nnapolis, Md. In pol- 
itics he is an ardent Republican, and has 
used all legitimate means to aid this party 
in its campaigns. His true worth, personal 
magnetism, honorable record and executive 
ability, added to his personal popularity, 
forced the attention of the people of his 
State upon him as an available candidate 
for the Governorship. He announced himself 


as a candidate before the Republican State 
Convention, held in Milwaukee July 25-26, 
1894. There were eleven candidates before 
the convention, and although the votes were 
distributed among the candidates Major 
Upham from the first ballot led all competi- 
tors. The political battle of 1894 will long 
be remembered as one of the most desper- 
ately fought campaigns in the history of our 
country. A reunited Republican party 
challenged its opponents to battle upon is- 
sues of national importance, and upon the 
past and present actions of the Democracy. 
Being unable to boldly face the issues ad- 
vanced by their opponents, the Democrats 
in various sections resorted to personal abuse 
of candidates, and desired by such means 
to nullify as nearly as possible the disgust 
and distrust of the masses. In Wisconsin 
they began to abuse Major Upham by de- 
claring that he forced his employes to accept 
coupons, or company orders, redeemable in 
merchandise at the company's store instead 
of cash. Although it was proved, by affi- 
davits of workmen who had been employed 
for many years, that these assertions were 
false, the Democratic leaders kept up the 
cry, and by persistent repetitions so disgust- 
ed fair-minded men, irrespective of party 
affiliations, that many of the opposition 
displayed the American love for fair play 
and cast their ballots for Major Upham. 

The Republican victory in 1 894 will be 
cited for many generations as the greatest 
political contest of the century. Major Up- 
ham and his associates placed Wisconsin 
among the banner States. In 1890 his 
Democratic opponent, Hon. George W. 
Peck, defeated Hon. W. D. Hoard by a 
plurality of 28,320. In 1892 Hon. John C. 
Spooner, after a most victorous campaign, 
was defeated by Governor Peck by 7,707 
votes. In 1 894 Major Upham defeated the 
twice-successful Democratic Governor, by a 
plurality of 53,900, the largest plurality ever 
given a gubernatorial candidate in Wiscon- 
-sin. Although delighted with the returns 
from the State, Major Upham was probably 
more gratified with the esteem and admira- 
tion displayed by his fellow townsmen by 
their \-otes. In 1892 Wood county, in 
which Marshfield is located, gave Peck a 

plurality of 441. In 1894 Major Upham 
carried the county over Peck by i, 123. The 
appreciation in which he is held by the 
people of Marshfield, and his high standing 
in the community are well exemplified bythe 
fact that, though the city is Democratic, he 
received in this contest a majority of some 
400. Although Major Upham received 
many congratulatory messages after his nomi- 
nation and election to the highest honors 
within the gift of the State of his adoption, 
none gave him as much genuine pleasure as 
the following resolutions from the citizens of 
the village in which he was born: 

The Republicans of Westminster. Massachu- 
setts, in public meeting- assembled on the 20th 
inst., rejoicing- over the recent victory won within 
the borders of our own State, also feel a just pride 
in the elevation and prosperity of all the native 
sons of Westminster, althoug-h long removed from 
her limits, unanimously voted to send greeting- to 
you, and extend congratulations for your success 
and elevation as Governor of Wisconsin, your 
adopted State, believing; that the Republican prin- 
ciples for which you stand, when put in operation, 
will not only promote the interests of the inhabit- 
ants of your State, but will also restore confidence 
with all the people, and eventually bring- happi- 
ness and prosperity throughout the whole countrj'. 
S. D. SiMONDS, President, 
Republican Club of Westminster. 
H. J. P.\HTKii)GE, Secretary. 
Westminster. Mass.. November 22", 1894. 
To William H. Upham, Marshfield, Wisconsin. 

The 7th day of January, 1895, stands as 
the date of inauguration into his high office. 
His ripe experience as a man of business will 
enable him to administer the affairs of the 
Commonwealth upon sound business princi- 
ples, and his undoubted integrity and strong 
individuality assure the citizens of the State 
that he will control all branches of the gov- 
ernment, uninfluenced by professional politi- 
cians or unpatriotic advisers. 

On December 19, 1867, Gov. Upham 
was married at Racine, Wis., to Miss Mary 
C. Kelley, who is descended from Quaker 
ancestry, and two daughters have blessed 
their union, nHincly: Elsie, wife of E. E. 
Finney, a merchant of Marshfield, and Car- 
rie, living at home. The family are mem- 
bers of the First Presbyterian Church at 
Marshfield, in which Mrs. Upham, whose 
name is the .synonym for noble and generous 
deeds, is an active worker. In the quietude 
of his elegant home Governor Upham e.\- 
changes the exciting scenes of political and 


business turmoil for peaceful retirement in 
comfort, mayhap to ruminate on past events, 
or those that are passing, and on those 
which futurity will probably develop. 

HON. GEORGE \\ . GATE. Bio- 
graphical sketches of those who have 
attained merited distinction in Amer- 
ican law have a charm and force in 
them that commend them to every sound 
thinker. We naturally feel an interest in 
tracing the footsteps of those who have 
reached elevated positions in public confi- 
dence, and have wielded their influence for 
public good; who, loving truth, and integrity 
for their own sake, have undeviatingly fol- 
lowed their dictates, no matter what the 
personal consequences might be. Records of 
this kind are calculated to raise the minis- 
trations of law in public estimation, and are 
guides for the junior members of the profes- 
sion in their pursuit of reputation, distinc- 
tion and position. 

Born September 17, 1823, in Montpelier, 
Vt. , Judge Gate is a son of Isaac and Glar- 
issa (McKnight) Gate, the former a native of 
New Hampshire, the latter of Massachusetts, 
and they were well-to-do farming people, 
their home being some six miles from Mont- 
pelier. At the public schools of that city 
our subject received a liberal education, and 
at the age of seventeen years, in 1840, com- 
menced the study of law in the office of 
Joseph A. Wing, Plainfield, W'ashington Go., 
Vt., where he remained two years, and then 
for a similar length of time studied under Le- 
cius B. Peck, of Montpelier, Vt., after which, 
in 1844, he was admitted to the bar at the 
latter place, before Judge Isaac F. Redfield, 
of the Supreme Gourt of the State of Ver- 
mont. Goming to Wisconsin in 1845, Mr. 
Gate worked in a sawmill on the Eau Glaire 
river, among the pineries, and was also en- 
gaged in all the branches of lumbering, in- 
cluding rafting logs down the Eau Glaire to 
St. Louis, Mo. In 1848 he located in 
Plover (at that time the county seat of 
Portage county. Wis.), and commenced the 
practice of his chosen profession, the only 
other disciple of Blackstone in that locality 
being James S. Alban, who was afterward 

killed at the battle of Shiloh. From the day 
of his first opening office in Plover our sub- 
ject has given his entire time to his pro- 
fession (except while absent in Gongress, 
engaged on business pertaining to the State 
and Nation), and he has the reputation of 
being one of the busiest, as well as one of 
the most successful lawyers in northern 
Wisconsin. He has given considerable at- 
tention to the practice of common law, and 
among the prominent cases in which he has 
met with signal success may be mentioned 
the famous Lamere murder case, and the 
Hazeltine-Gurran-Morse case, and the Mead 
murder (two trials), in all of which he was 
counsel for the defense, and where all the 
defendants were acquitted. He was one of 
the managers for the State in the impeach- 
ment trial of Judge Hubbell. From 1848 to 
1854 he held various offices in the gift of the 
people, such as prosecuting attorney, register 
of deeds, clerk to the board of supervisors, 
supervisor, deputy postmaster of Plover, 
member of the Legislature, and at the time 
it was the only post office in the pinery of 
Portage county. In 1854 he was elected 
circuit judge, and served four terms of six 
years each, with the exception of the last 
term, when he resigned after the fourth year 
on account of his running for Gongress. 
This was in the fall of 1874 (the year of his 
moving to Stevens Point), and though the 
Judge is a pronounced Democrat, and the 
Judicial Gircuit and District was strongly 
Republican, yet he received a handsome 
majority. While he was in Gongress the 
vote on the electoral commission, which re- 
sulted in seating President Hayes, was taken, 
and Judge Gate was one of the seventeen 
Democrats who voted against it. On the 
completion of one term in Gongress he re- 
turned to his Wisconsin home, and resumed 

In 1 85 1 Judge Gate was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Lavara S. Brown, daughter 
of Daniel Brown, a lumberman, formerly of 
Indianapolis, Ind., who came to Stevens 
Point from Iowa. Six children have been 
born to this marriage, to wit: Albert G., 
now of Amherst, Portage Go. , Wis. ; Lynn 
Boyd, of Stevens Point; Henry, a pharma- 
cist, of Menominee, Mich. ; Garrie, now the 



wife of Dr. Cronyn, of Milwaukee; and Ruth 
and Georgia, both at home. The entire 
family are members of the Episcopal 
Church, the Judge since i860, and for the 
past six years he has been senior warden of 
the Church of the Intercession, Stevens 
Point. Socially, he has been a member of 
the F. & A. M. since 1855. In addition to 
seven or eight city lots, he owns a 200-acre 
farm in Portage county, and takes a great 
interest in the breeding of blooded cattle; 
altogether he has imported several head of 
this class of cattle to Portage county, and at 
the present time he has a herd of some 
thirty fine-bred Jersej's (about thirty years 
ago he imported fine Devon cattle, and, 
later, several Alderneys). The family resi- 
dence is No. 321 Ellis street, Stevens Point. 
Large and generous of nature, kindly and 
charitable of disposition, with a deep sense 
of right. Judge Cate is greatly respected by 
all, and his counsels are frequently sought 
b}' his many friends. 

minds are blessed, in addition 
to other native talents, with the 
happy faculty of originality, permit- 
ting them, if they so desire, to forsake the 
beaten paths, and boldly strike for success 
by new and untried methods. In looking 
over the brilliant career of Mr. Kickbusch, 
one of the most prominent of Wausau's 
prominent citizens, one is impressed with 
the fertility and versatility of his powers, 
giving him a reserve force that would make 
him equal to any business emergency that 
might arise. He has shared fully in the 
glory of Wausau's material advancement, 
serving as its first mayor, possessing an 
abundance of prosperous business interests 
— wholesale grocery, brick manufacturer 
and lumber dealer — instrumental as no other 
man has been in the settlement of the county 
with a thrifty class of citizens, and in many 
ways contributing to its welfare. 

Mr. Kickbusch was born in Colberg, Prov- 
ince of Pomerania, Prussia, Germany, Oc- 
tober 15, 1828, son of Martin F. and Kat- 
rina (Koahn) Kickbusch. Martin F. was born 
in Germany August 26, 1 802, and had a family 

of five children: August,subject of this sketch; 
Marie, wife of Herman Marquardt, of Wau- 
sau; Ferdinand, of Wausau; Caroline, wife 
of Frank Radandt, of Kilbourn City, and 
Frederick William, now United States con- 
sul at Stettin, Germany. Martin Kickbusch 
died in Wausau in 1873, his wife in 1875, 
and both are buried in Wausau Cemetery. 
August attended the district schools of his 
native land, then learned the trade of a 
brick manufacturer, at which he worked in 
the Fatherland until 1857, when he emi- 
grated via Quebec to Milwaukee, Wis., here 
joining his parents, who had crossed the 
ocean two weeks earlier. Three days later 
August started afoot for Wausau, walking 
the entire distance. There he purchased 
354 acres of land, eighteen miles distant, 
in Hamburg township, but not being able to 
reach the locality he returned to Milwaukee, 
where he remained for nearly three years, 
engaged in teaming. 

In i860 Mr. Kickbusch purchased a 
wagonload of merchandise suitable for a 
pioneer country, and drove through to Wau- 
sau, then called Big Bull. Selling the goods 
at a profit of $59, he returned to Milwaukee 
for his family and household goods. On the 
journey northward the family camped at 
night by the roadside. Arriving at Wausau 
he proceeded to build a shanty on Clark's 
Island, the family in the meantime sleeping 
in the wagon, while he made himself com- 
fortable under the wagon. Here, in Sep- 
tember, i860, Mr. Kickbusch began a general 
trading business, buying furs from the In- 
dians and shipping them to Milwaukee. In 
1 862 he purchased the large and commodious 
premises which he now occupies, corner of 
Main and Washington streets, and there his 
mercantile business grew until to-day it is 
one of the most e.xtensive in Wausau. In 
1862 Mr. Kickbusch also engaged in brick 
manufacturing and in lumbering, both of 
which industries he still conducts. His mills 
are as follows: One sawmill situated about 
six miles from Merrill, Lincoln county, the 
other at Riceville, seven miles east of Har- 
shaw, Oneida county, the planing-mill being 
at Rice Lake Spur. He also has a brick- 
yard at Edgar, Marathon county, and, when 
his several industries are in full operation. 


employment is given to a force of two thou- 
sand men, a little army in itself. In 1865 
he built a hardware, stove and crockery 
store adjoining his grocery, and in 1872 he 
erected a brick business block adjoining his 
present store on the east, and a brick ware- 
house, all occupied by the firm. 

Mr. Kickbusch had become interested in 
the settlement of the county, and March 12, 
1S67, thinking the land was not filling up 
with settlers as rapidly as it should, he took 
a trip to Germany, and in three months 
secured 702 desirable emigrants, for the 
passage of whom the steamer "America," of 
the North German Lloyd line, was exclu- 
sively secured. Leaving Bremen May 29, 
1867, this large party reached New York 
June 12 and Wausau on June 20. They 
proceeded by rail to Oshkosh, thence by boat 
to Gill's Landing, where teams were secured 
for the women and children, the men walk- 
ing, and Wausau was reached June 20, 1867. 
Some of the party Mr. Ivickbusch employed, 
and for others he secured work. Many took 
up land and engaged in farming, the entire 
party being comfortably settled in a short 
time and thoroughly amalgamated with the 
like of Marathon county. From that time 
the county began to improve rapidl}', and 
the great impulse which Mr. Kickbusch thus 
gave to the county's prosperity has been 
lasting. Many of those early settlers still 
regard him as their father and benefactor. 
He has since been offered $1,000 and a free 
passage to and from Europe to make another 
such trip, but other business interests will 
not permit. 

Mr. Kickbusch was married, in Germany, 
to Miss Matilda Schochow, daughter of Er- 
nest and Mina Schochow. Of their six chil- 
dren four are yet living, as follows: Otto, 
born January i, 1855, a resident of Wau- 
sau; Martha, born in February; i860, wife of 
William Rens, of Wausau; Robert, in busi- 
ness with his father, born August 24, 1861, 
married to Lena, daughter of John A. and 
Louisa Frenzel, and father of two children — 
Nina M., born April 13, 1883, and August 
R., born November 9, 1888; and Emma, 
born September i, 1863. wife of Anthony 
Mohr, and the mother of one child — Matilda. 
Mrs. Kickbusch died May 26, 1891, and for 

his second wife Mr. Kickbusch married Miss 
Amelia Flohr (daughter of Ferdinand Flohr), 
by whom he has two children, Paul and 

For several terms Mr. Kickbusch was 
president of the village, and chairman of the 
county board for five years; was the first 
mayor of Wausau, filling the office two 
terms; for a year he was register of the 
United States Land Office, but resigned the 
position from lack of time to devote to it. 
He is president of the George Ruder Brew- 
ing Co. ; director of the Wausau Furniture 
Co. ; has been a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank since its organization, and is 
now vice-president of same, and is president 
of the Central Land Co. Mr. Kickbusch 
supplies the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
railroad with its timber for bridges, ties, tele- 
graph poles, etc., and also furnished part of 
the piles for the Jackson Park World's Fair 
pier, Chicago. Socially, he was a charter 
member of Lodge No. 215, I. O. O. F., and, 
politically, he is a stanch Republican. The 
family attend St. Paul's Evangelical Church. 
Mr. Kickbusch has been the promoter of 
many enterprises of a semi-social or public 
character at Wausau, and few, if any men 
have done so much to promote the welfare 
of this portion of northern Wisconsin. In 
1892 he presented each of his eldest two 
sons — Otto and Robert — with a property 
consisting of a three-story solid brick build- 
ing, each 25 feet front and 70 feet long, on 
Third street, Wausau, valued at $20,000, 
and to his yougest daughter — Alma — he gave 
an elegant solid brick residence covering 
four lots, and situated on the corner of 
Third avenue and Clark street. Mr. Kick- 
busch's own residence is on Stewart avenue, 
located on a forty-acre tract, twenty of 
which lie within the city limits of Wausau. 
It is a fine brick mansion, one of the best in 
the city which it overlooks, and is surrounded 
with beautiful lawns and shade trees, while 
on the grounds, near the residence, is a 
natural fish pond, in which sport a multitude 
of German carp, and the farm is stocked with 
a fine breed of Holstein and Jersey cattle. 

Robert Kickbusch resides at the corner 
of Second street and Franklin boulevard, 
and in a substantial two-story brick mansion 



with mansard roof, one of the most artistic 
and attractive private residences in Wausau, 
surrounded as it is with extensive and well- 
kept grounds and beautiful shade trees. 

WEBSTER E. BROWN. A history 
of the growth and development of 
the commercial interests of north- 
ern ^^'isconsi^, more especially of 
the city of Rhinelander, would not be com- 
plete without a mention of the enterprises, 
as well as the public improvements, with 
which the name of this gentleman has long 
been identified. 

Mr. Brown is a native of New York 
State, born July 16, 1851, near Peterboro, 
Madison county, the second son of Edward 
D. and Helen M. (Anderson) Brown, well- 
to-do people formerly of New York State, 
from which State they moved to Wisconsin 
in the spring of 1857. For a short time 
they made their home at the village of New- 
port, Columbia county, later moving to 
Hull township, Portage county, later to 
Stockton township, same county, and, still 
later to Stevens Point, where Mrs. Brown 
died in 1888. In 1894 the bereaved hus- 
band and his two daughters, May and Helen, 
moved to Rhinelander, and are now living 
in an elegant and comfortable home which 
he recently built. Few men are better 
known in the Upper Wisconsin Valley than 
Edward D. Brown, or more highly respect- 
ed for honesty, integrity and thorough busi- 
ness capacity. They have eight children 
now living, namely: Anderson W., Webster 
E. , Edward O. , Walter D. , Florence H, (now 
the wife of Judge Paul Brown, of Rhineland- 
er), Isabell (wife of D. D. Planner, lum- 
ber dealer, Rhinelander), and May and 
Helen. Four of this family are graduates 
of the Wisconsin State University, Madison, 
and all attended this institution at some 

Webster E. Brown, the subject proper 
of this sketch, was about six years old when 
the family came to Wisconsin, and his ele- 
mentary education was secured at the com- 
mon schools of Portage county, after which, 
and while still in his boyhood, he attended 
a few months of each year for three years 

the universit}' at Appleton, which was sup- 
plemented, in the spring of 1870, with a 
course of study at the Spencerian Business 
College, Milwaukee. In the fall of that 
year he entered the Wisconsin State Uni- 
versity, at Madison, graduating from there 
with the class of '74. In the spring of the 
following year, he and his brother Ander- 
son W. , under the firm name of Brown Bros. , 
opened up a lumber business a Stevens Point, 
another brother Edward O., joining them in 
1880; the firm continued in business at 
Stevens Point until 1883. In 1875 they 
purchased a tract of land where Rhineland- 
er is now located. In 1S82 and 1883, they 
closed out their interests at Stevens Point 
and removed to Rhinelander, where they 
have since pursued a general lumber busi- 
ness. Their sawmill here has a capacity of 
one hundred thousand feet every ten hours, 
in addition to which they have a planing- 
mill, and other accessories necessary to a 
well-equipped lumber plant. In the fall of 
1882 they platted the village of Rhinelander, 
our subject having charge of the village 
real estate, also of the manufacturing and 
sale of lumber produced by their mill. On 
January i, 1890, the business of the broth- 
ers was incorporated, under the general 
laws of the State, as the Brown Brothers 
Lumber Co., of which company our subject 
is secretary. The Brown Bros. Lumber 
Co., are also owners of pine lands in Wis- 
consin and Michigan, and moreover are in- 
terested in coal mines in Tennessee. At 
one time they carried on a private banking 
business, known as E. D. Brown & Sons 
Bank, which was afterward merged into the 
Merchants State Bank of Rhinelander, of 
which they are directors. They are prom- 
inent among the active business men of 
Rhinelander, and by their energ}', enterprise 
and influence have figured largely in making 
the city what it is. Like the father, the sons 
own handsome and pleasant homes. 

The subject proper of these lines is a 
conservative and successful business man. 
He has always been identified with every 
movement tending to the advancement of 
the interests of his city. He was elected 
mayor of Rhinelander in the spring of 1894, 
and re-elected in the spring of 1895, on 



both occasions without opposition. He is 
an advocate of temperance, yet liberal in 
his views on the question, and believes in 
the enforcement of the law on that and all 
other kindred matters that have been so 
much legislated on. Politically a Repub- 
lican, he is no office-seeker, but his friends 
have insisted in keeping him in incumbencies 
where his abilities can be best brought into 
use. He has been a member of the school 
board several years, and takes a great inter- 
est in educational matters; was chairman of 
the county board two j'ears, and of the town 
board three years. 

On December 26, 1877, Webster E. 
Brown and Miss Juliet D. Meyer were 
united in marriage. She was born in Phil- 
adelphia, Penn., and is a daughter of Rich- 
ard and Martha P. (Phelps) Meyer, the 
former of whom was a native of Germany, 
and in early life was private secretarj- for 
Eastwick, Winans & Co., who built the first 
railroad from Moscow to St. Petersburg, 
Russia, for the government. When yet a 
young man he emigrated to America, locat- 
ing in Philadelphia as a merchant, and there 
marrying. After a residence in the Quaker 
City of a few years, he came, in 1858, to 
Wisconsin, settling in Lancaster, Grant 
county, engaging in a mercantile and bank- 
ing business, where he still resides. Mr. 
and Mrs. Meyer were the parents of seven 
children, five of whom are yet living: Rich- 
ard, Frederick P., Nettie E., Jessie M. and 
Mrs. Webster E. Brown. Mrs. Brown is 
an educated and refined lady, and a gradu- 
ate, in 1875, of the Wisconsin State Uni- 
versity, after which she taught in the high 
schools at Lancaster and Madison, Wis., 
two years. To Mr. and Mrs. Brown have 
been born seven children, five of whom are 
now living, to wit: Ralph D., Edna M., 
Dorothy, Richard M. and Allan D. Our 
subject is a member of the F. & A. M., No. 
173, Rhinelander Lodge, and also of the 
K. of P. Lodge at Rhinelander. He and 
his amiable and accomplished life partner 
are prominently identified with the Con- 
gregational Church. 

Mr. Brown is a man of good physique, 
as well as forcible intellectual qualities, and 
is possessed of an active mind, and a frank 

and generous disposition, traits of character 
inherited by a worthy son from a worthy 
sire and ancestr}'. 

EDWARD DASKAM. Man has been 
endowed with reason, will and 
physical power, and it is b)' patient 
industry only that he can open up a 
pathway to the enduring prosperity of a com- 
munity. The fittest survive, and, in writing 
biographies of individuals like our subject, 
it is a pleasure to meet with such striking 
examples of industry and integrity. 

Mr. Daskam is a native of New York 
State, born March 14, 1843, '" Caton, Steu- 
ben county, a grandson of Nathan Daskam, 
Jr., who was of Connecticut birth and a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, in which 
struggle he had a brother among the slain. 
Nathan Daskam, Sr. , great-grandfather of 
Edward Daskam, was one of the associates 
of the Old Hartford Bank, known as the 
"Daskam and Barsley Bank," and the 
Daskams furnished "sinews of war" to the 
government in both the Revolution and the 
war of 18 12. The grandparents of our sub- 
ject were of Welch and English descent, 
their ancestors having many years ago set- 
tled in Connecticut where Nathan, Jr., and 
his wife, as well as his parents, all passed 
their entire lives. Nathan Daskam, Jr., and 
his wife had one daughter, Ann, now Mrs. 
Sydam (whose son, Hiram Sydam, is a 
prominent business man of Geneva, N. Y.), 
and three sons, John (a farmer), Nathan and 
Robert, the latter of whom was born at 
Hartford, Conn., in 1801, and became a 
mechanic. He (Robert) married Miss Maria 
A. Wheeler, who was born in Connecticut, 
in 1807, of German and Irish ancestry, her 
father being of Mohawk-Dutch lineage (his 
parents were among the early settlers of the 
Mohawk Valle)), her mother of Irish. They 
were farmers, and died in Ontario county, 
N. Y. , each at the age of about ninety years, 
the parents of four children: \\'illiam H., 
Jerry, Jane and Maria A. To Robert Das- 
kam and his wife were born ten children, a 
brief sketch of whom is as follows: Will- 
iam H., the eldest, enlisted in the Fourth 
Wis. V. I., and died in August, 1862, of 



(^^t^^^c/z^.'Z^ ^i^^^^^. 



wounds received, leaving a widow but no 
children (he was also a soldier in the Mexi- 
can war, having enlisted in Chicago); Lu- 
cinda married Richard Ardell, a shoemaker, 
and resides in Waupaca county; Caroline is 
now the wife of William Sidney, a farmer 
of New York State; John W. is a farmer in 
Langlade county (he was a soldier in the 
First Wis. V. C, and served one year); 
Elizabeth A. is now the wife of George 
Gelder, a farmer in Michigan, near Kala- 
mazoo; Mathilda is the deceased wife of 
Stephen Hibbard; Edward is the subject of 
this sketch; Louisa is now Mrs. Hudson 
Gelder, and resides in New York State; 
Robert L. (i) died when seven years old; 
Robert L. (2) is a farmer of Calumet county. 
Wis. ; Charles W. is a resident of Ashland, 
Wis. In 1857 the family came to Wiscon- 
sin settling on a farm in Calumet county, 
where the father died November 25, 1882. 
He was self-made, self-educated, a great 
reader, and well posted in the affairs of his 
time; public-spirited and liberal-minded, he 
was a man of broad ideas, and highly re- 
spected by all who knew him. 

Edward Daskam, whose name introduces 
this sketch, was reared on a farm, and en- 
joyed the advantages of a common-school 
training. At the age of seventeen, on Sep- 
tember 15, 1 86 1, he enlisted in Company 
G, Fourteenth Wis. V. L, re-enlisting De- 
cember II, 1863, as a veteran, at Vicks- 
burg. Miss., and was discharged at Mobile, 
Ala., October 9, 1865, as first sergeant. His 
war record is an enviable one, and the same 
courage displayed in the field of battle has 
since characterized his walks in civil and 
political life. He participated in the battle 
of Pittsburg Landing, was at the sieges of 
both Corinth and Vicksburg, was with 
Sherman at Atlanta, present at the affair at 
Nashville, and took part in the siege of 
Spanish Fort which lasted fourteen days. 
With the e.xception of a short time he was 
in the hospital sick with the measles he was 
always with his regiment, never missing an 
engagement. On his return from the army 
in October, 1865, he engaged in farming a 
couple of years, during which time he took 
up the real-estate business to which he then 
turned his attention exclusively, at first 

dealing in farm lands, later handling city 
and village property. In March, 1882, he 
came to Antigo, Langlade county, which 
was then a collection of shanties, at once 
invested in vacant lots, and has since been 
actively engaged here in the real-estate bus- 
iness, which he does not confine to city and 
town property in the county and State, for 
he has extended his interests in that line 
into the Dakotas, Montana, Michigan and 
other States. He also carries on a general 
brokerage business, and upon the reorgani- 
zation of the Bank of Antigo he was ap- 
pointed vice-president. In the building up 
of Antigo he has been a prominent factor, 
has platted three additions known as the 
" Daskam Additions," and further interested 
himself in the erection of several brick 
blocks, a foundry and machine shop, be- 
sides other manufacturing plants; as soon, 
however, es he saw each of these industries 
on its feet, he would sell out, preferring to 
confine himself to the open precincts of real- 
estate dealing, of which by his natural acu- 
men, shrewdness and sagacity he has made 
a pronounced success. 

On January 2, 1871, Mr. Daskam was 
married to Miss Henrietta J. McMullen, by 
whom he had children, as follows: Thomas 
E., assistant cashier of the Bank of Antigo; 
Mary L. , living at home, and two that died 
in infancy. The mother of these passed 
away to the "better land" in 1883, and 
September 7, 1885, Mr. Daskam wedded 
Miss Osca Bemis, daughter of George W. 
Bemis, register of deeds, Antigo, and by this 
union there are three children: Edith, Ed- 
ward and Bemis. Socially our subject is 
prominent in Masonic circles, having at- 
tained the thirty-second degree; he is a 
member of Antigo Lodge F. & A. M. No. 
231, of Wausau Commandery No. 19, of 
Milwaukee Consistory, and of the Mystic 
Shrine, Milwaukee; he is also a member of 
the G. A. R. , taking a lively interest in the 
affairs of each fraternity. Politically he is a 
Republican, and has served as assessor and 
on the county board. In his religious views 
he is liberal, giving freely of his means to 
all denominations, and takes a deep interest 
in the public schools, in fact in all educa- 
tional projects. As a business man he has 


been exceptionally successful, and certainly 
seems worthy of being placed on the list of 
the wealthiest men of Antigo, his career be- 
ing proverbial for honest, straightforward, 
fair-and-square dealings with all with whom 
he has had business transactions of any 
kind. He is a man, take him for all in all, 
of whom everybody always speaks well, and 
who has not, and does not deserve to have, 
a single personal enemy. 

JOSEPH DESSERT. Few men have 
resided continuously in the Upper Wis- 
consin Valley for over fifty years. 
Joseph Dessert has not only been a 
resident of Marathon county for over half a 
century, but he has during that period built 
up a vast lumbering business that is perhaps 
second to none in the State. He has made 
no business failures, and his name is a syno- 
nym of enduring confidence and integrity. 
Not swerved from his business b}' this or 
that glittering bubble, he has made it one of 
the substantial bulwarks of northern Wis- 

Mr. Dessert is a native of Canada, hav- 
ing been born in Maskinonge, Province of 
Quebec, January 8, 1819, son of Peter and 
Melonie (Baulien) Dessert, both natives of 
that province. Twelve children were born 
to them, four of whom survive: Melonie, 
wife of Adolphus Martin, still living in her 
native home at the advanced age of eighty- 
one years; Joseph, subject of this sketch; 
and Dosite and Bozilis, both residents of 
the Province of Canada, the latter being 
widow of Louis Landry. Joseph attended 
the schools of the neighborhood of his 
father's home, and worked at lumbering in 
Canada until he was twenty-two years of 
age. In May, 1 840, he made a trip to the 
Lake Superior region, and for four years 
was employed by the American Fur and 
Trading Co. Returning home July i, 1844, 
he remained only a few months, and Sep- 
tember 16 started, an unknown young man, 
on a long journey to the unknown forests of 
Wisconsin, where thenceforth he was to 
make his home, and which he was destined 
to honor by his e.xemplary and potent busi- 
ness career. Reaching Buffalo, he pro- 

ceeded by steamer to Milwaukee, thence b}- 
lumber wagon to Fort Winnebago, now 
Portage City. He pushed on to Whitney 
Rapids by team, but the destination was still 
nearly seventy-five miles away, and the 
country sparsely settled, principally by In- 
dians. This long and tiresome journey was 
made afoot. Mr. Dessert reached Mosinee 
October 20, 1844, and from that date to the 
present he has been a continuous resident 
of Marathon county For fi\e years he 
worked for wages in the solitudes of this 
vast wilderness, lumbering and logging on 
the river. Then, in 1849, he joined for- 
tunes with three other young men — William 
Pencast, Henry Cate and James Etheridge 
— and, under the firm name of Pencast, Des- 
sert & Co. , started the business which has 
grown into the extensive trade now com- 
manded by the Joseph Dessert Lumber 
Co. One by one the original parties dropped 
out, until Mr. Dessert was left sole owner. 
First Mr. Pencast withdrew, in 1850, and 
the firm became Dessert, Cate & Co. Four 
years later Mr. Etheridge sold his interest 
to the remaining partners, and the style of 
the firm became Dessert & Cate. In 1859 
Mr. Dessert purchased his partner's interest 
and became sole owner. Alone he con- 
ducted the business for twenty-one years; 
then, in 1880, he admitted to partnership 
his nephew, Louis Dessert. For ten j'ears 
the business was under the firm name of 
Joseph Dessert & Co. , and in December, 
1 890, the present Joseph Dessert Lumber 
Co. was incorporated, now officered bj' 
Joseph Dessert, president; Louis Dessert, 
vice-president and manager, and H. M. 
Thompson, secretary and treasurer. Mrs. 
H. M. Thompson is a stockholder. The 
company conducts one of the most exten- 
sive lumber business in the State. 

In 1862 Joseph Dessert was married, in 
Waukesha county, to Miss Mary Sanford, 
daughter of William E. and Lavina T. San- 
ford, the former a native of Connecticut, the 
latter of New York State. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dessert have had two children: Marion M., 
who died in infancy, and Stella, wife of 
Henry M. Thompson, secretary and treas- 
urer of the Joseph Dessert Lumber Co. 
Mrs. Dessert died July i. 1881. Though 



frequently tendered important and responsi- 
ble offices Mr. Dessert has almost invariably 
refused to accept, and in no sense has he 
ever been an aspirant for political honors, 
knowing that his business, if neglected, must 
suffer. Yet he has ever been ready with his 
counsel and means to forward enterprises 
promoting the public v\-elfare; he served for 
several terms as a member of the county 
board, and was also county commissioner 
for one term. Mr. Dessert is now in his 
seventy-seventh year, and has shifted the 
burden of active business life to younger 
shoulders. He is in the enjoyment of good 
health, and has the friendship and esteem of 
all who have known him, either in public or 
in private life. No man better deserves 
the good will of others than he, and none 
possesses it in a greater degree. 

LOUIS DESSERT, vice-president of 
The Joseph Dessert Lumber Co. , 
Mosinee, was born in the parish of 
Saint Ambroise, Kildare, Province of 
Quebec, Canada, June 6, 1849, and is a son 
of Antoine and Edvige (Rotelle) Dessert, 
both natives of Canada, the latter of whom 
is still a resident of the old homestead. 

Our subject received a French education 
in his native town, and when nineteen years 
of age he came to Mosinee, where he at- 
tended the public schools for two terms, in 
order to perfect his knowledge of the Eng- 
lish language. After leaving school he 
was employed in the extensive lumber busi- 
ness of Joseph Dessert, remaining in the ca- 
pacity of an employe until 1880, in which 
year he became a partner, the firm name be- 
ing changed to Joseph Dessert & Co. In 
1890, when the Joseph Dessert Lumber Co. 
was organized and incorporated, Louis Des- 
sert became vice-president, an official title 
which he still holds, and under it he is the 
active general manager of the company's 
extensive business. 

On November 25, 1882, he was married, 
in Mosinee, to Miss Abbie Richardson. 
Their family of three children is composed 
of Howard, born September i6, 1883; 
Louise, born March 25, 1887; and Blanche, 

born May 15, 1892. In politics Mr. Des- 
sert is a Republican. In 1889 he was presi- 
dent of the village of Mosinee, and he has 
also served as supervisor. He is one of the 
active, progressive business men of the coun- 
ty, and deservedly popular among all classes 
of the community. Mr. Dessert is also a 
member of the firm of C. Gardner & Co., 
lumbermen and general merchants. He 
possesses business abilities of a high order, 
and though yet comparatively young in 
years, his influence in the development of 
Marathon county is widely felt. 

TER, one of the substantial aud en- 
terprising business men of Mara- 
thon county, owns and operates e.x- 
tensive mills near Mosinee, and for many 
years has been prominently identified with 
the lumbering interests of the Upper Wis- 
consin Valley. He was born in Wittenberg, 
Germany, January 20, 1833, and is a son of 
Miphael and Francisca (Funk) Kronen- 

Our subject attended the German schools 
in his boyhood, and in 1846, when thirteen 
years of age, emigrated with his father and 
mother to America. They settled at St. 
Mary's, Elk Co., Penn., and here the par- 
ents remained, honored and respected resi- 
dents through life. Of their five children 
three now survive: Sebastian, Nicholas 
and Charles, both of the latter still residing 
at St. Mary's. Sebastian grew to manhood 
at the home of his parents, and at St. 
Mary's, on October 15, 1855, he married 
Miss Mary Biri, a native of Alsace, France, 
now Germany, and daughter of Benedict and 
Barbara Biri. Two years later he resolved 
to seek a home in the Northwest. Coming 
to Wisconsin in 1857, he located in Mosinee, 
where for two years he worked in the piner- 
ies. In 1859 Mr. Kronenwetter engaged in 
the hotel business at Mosinee, conducting it 
successfully for two years. Then, in 1861, 
he removed to Wausau, and opened a hos- 
telry in that bustling little city. For two 
years he prospered, but in 1863 fire des- 
troyed his hotel, consumed all his earthly 


possessions, and left him with his wife and 
babes penniless. It was a severe blow, 
enough to dishearten many men, but Mr. 
Kronenwetter went bravely to the task of 
restoring his perished fortunes. Perhaps 
the fire was a blessing in disguise; at any 
rate it directed the energies of Mr. Kronen- 
wetter into a new channel, and into one 
through which, by well-directed efforts, he 
has risen to prominence aud a measurable 
degree of affluence. Beginning anew at the 
foot of the ladder, in the pineries, he 
worked for a year or two, then launched 
into the logging and lumbering business on 
his own account in a modest way. Through 
careful attention the business grew, and Mr. 
Kronenwetter gained in experience and 
capital. In 1870 he removed to his present 
location, which at that time was an un- 
broken wilderness. Here he erected his 
spacious mills, and time has demonstrated 
the correctness of his business judgment. 
He has ever since been engaged in the lum- 
bering business, and through energy and 
perseverance has won for himself a place 
among the solid and respected business men 
of Marathon county. He has for twenty- 
one years held the office of chairman of 
Mosinee and Kronenwetter townships, and 
was chairman of Marathon County Board in 
the year 1880. He was elected to the 
Assembly for the year 1885. All his family 
at this writing reside in Mosinee and Kron- 
enwetter townships. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Kronenwetter have been as follows: Michael, 
born at St. Mary's, Penn., February 2, 
1857, died in infancy; Helen O. , born at 
Mosinee June 22, i860, wife of Michael 
Lutz; Francis M. K., born at Mosinee June 
26, 1 86 1, died November 18, 1863; Karl A., 
born at Wausau, August 2, 1862; George S. , 
born at Mosinee, September 15, 1864; Clara 
F., born at Mosinee, October 9, 1866, now 
the wife of Eugene Wirth; Henry M., born 
April I, 1869; Frances Mary, born Febru- 
ary 21, 1872, died February 10, 1874; 
Marie T. , born in Mosinee, September 15, 
1874, and Anna Otilia, born in Mosinee, 
March 31, 1877. The family is one of the 
best known and most influential in Mara- 
thon county. 

HON. W. L. ARNOTT. So closely 
have the lumber interests of the up- 
per Wisconsin Valley been woven 
into the history of this region that 
few of the prosperous lives in the Vallev 
have escaped a more or less intimate rela- 
tion with this great industry. Mr. Arnott, 
one of the most prominent men of Stockton 
township. Portage count}', is not an e.xcep- 
tion. He, too, has worked in the lumber 
woods, and "run the river." He was born 
in the town of Jerusalem, Yates Co., N.Y. , 
September 5, 1832, only child of Amasa L. 
and Lydia (Rouse) Arnott. The father, 
who was a civil engineer, died when the son 
was but eighteen months old, and the mother 
subsequently married Isaac Haight,by whom 
she had one daughter, Adel, who died at the 
age of twent)'-four years. Mrs. Haight 
passed away in Yates county, N. Y., in 

W. L. Arnott was reared on the farm of 
his grandfather, Timothy Rouse, attending 
the district schools and assisting in the farm 
duties until the age of fourteen, when he 
went to Woodhull township, Steuben Co., 
N. Y. , and there worked for his uncle, M. 
D. Hathaway, on a farm, remaining thereon 
till he was nineteen years old. After leav- 
ing his uncle in the spring of 1851, he passed 
a couple of months in Huron county, Ohio, 
then returning to New York State, worked 
in Yates county on a farm up to the time of 
his marriage. He was married at Bath, 
Steuben Co., N. Y., March 25, 1856, to 
Mary J. Walker, who was born in the same 
town, March 25, 1832, daughter of James 
and Gretia (Warren) W'alker, who were the 
parents of nine children, to wit: Sarah, 
who died at the age of fourteen years; James 
W. , now a retired farmer of Shawano coun- 
ty, Wis.; Gratia A., wife of A. B. Daniels, 
a farmer, of Georgia; Susan E. , now Mrs. 
Charles Beach, of Stevens Point; Mary J. 
(Mrs. Arnott); William R., who was ser- 
geant of Company E, Fifth Wis. V. I., and 
was killed at the battle of the Wilderness in 
May, 1864; Frank R. , who also served in 
the Fifth Wis. V. I., and died in 1889; Ada 
J. (Mrs. Curren), a resident of Stevens 
Point; and Murray W., who died when five 
years old. The father of this family, who 



was a son of Abram Walker, and was of 
English descent, was a native of New York 
State, and died at Bath, N. Y. Gratia 
Walker, the mother, was born in Vermont, 
in 1804, daughter of Phineas Warren, who 
was a direct descendant of Dr. Joseph War- 
ren, of Revolutionary fame, and came of 
English stock. Phineas married Mary 
Knight, who was of the historic Scottish 
house of Stewart. Mr. and Mrs. Arnott 
have two children: Lillian A., and Mary 
G., both school teachers, the latter at West 
Superior, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Arnott began housekeeping on a 
seventy-five-acre tract of land which he had 
contracted for. He had little means, and 
what he did possess v^'as his own accumula- 
tion from wages received. In May, 1 864, 
he decided to move west; and accordinj*ly 
set out by rail for Plover, Wis. , where rela- 
tives of Mrs. Arnott lived. Coming by rail 
to Berlin, he and his wife and daughter jour- 
neyed by stage to Plover. Here he lived 
for one year, working in the lumber woods 
in the winter, and running the river to Al- 
ton, 111., one trip. Renting some land in 
Stockton township. Portage county, in 1865, 
he moved there, and three years later, in 
July, 1868, he purchased 160 acres, the 
northeast quarter of Section 29, where he 
has since lived, excepting four and a half 
years — from the fall of 1887 to the spring of 
1892 — during which time he was making his 
home at Stevens Point. During two of 
these years — from May, 1889, to May, 1 891, 
— he served creditably as State timber agent 
under the appointment of Gov. Hoard. 

Politically, Mr. Arnott is an earnest and 
active Republican. He is regarded as the 
foremost worker among the members of his 
party in Stockton township, and is one of 
its advisors and counselors in the county. 
He has served as assessor two years, as 
chairman two years, as chairman of the 
county board one year, and in 1876 was 
elected to the State legislature. For many 
years he was clerk, and then treasurer of his 
district, and has filled various other local 
offices. Socially he is a prominent member 
of the F. & A. M. On account of his ef- 
forts in securing a certain station on the 
Green Bay, Winona & St. Paul railway, it 

was named in his honor. Mr. Arnott has a 
wide acquaintance through the count}', and 
is one of its most influential and substantial 

GEORGE WERHEIM, one of the 
most substantial and respected citi- 
zens of Marathon county, and one 
of Wausau's oldest settlers, is presi- 
dent of the Werheim Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of Wausau, one of the largest estab- 
lishments of that city. 

He was born in Hessen-Homburg, Ger- 
many, January 6, 1834, son of Konrad and 
Margaret Werheim. The mother died when 
George was a boy, attending the common- 
schools of Germany, and in 1851 the father 
and his five children emigrated to America. 
The family consisted of John, who was after- 
ward killed in the war of the Rebellion; 
Mary, wife of Henry Hett, of Wausau; Philip, 
a clergyman, now stationed at Valparaiso, 
Ind. ; George, and Elizabeth, wife of Charles 
Klinkie, of Chicago. For two years they 
remained in New York, and then moved to 
Chicago, where many years afterward Kon- 
rad Werheim died. Our subject worked at 
the carpenter's trade at Chicago for about 
three years, then in 1856, at the age of 
twenty-three years, he came to Wausau. For 
a time he followed his trade, but later he be- 
gan the manufacture of doors, sashes, blinds, 
etc.; this business he sold out, and in 1881 
he started anew on a more e.xtensive scale. 
Ten years later a company was organized, 
officered by Mr. Werheim as president; Phil- 
ip Werheim as vice-president; Joseph Reiser 
as treasurer; and George Werheim, Jr., as 
secretary. It now conducts on a still more 
extensive scale the business that was found- 
ed by Mr. Werheim, and on an average em- 
ploys some sixty men. 

George Werheim was married, in 1855, 
to Miss Theresa Myers, and to them five chil- 
dren were born: Emma, wife of Frank Het- 
tinger, of Chicago; Theresa, wife of Charles 
Burke, of Wausau; Philip, of Wausau, who 
in 1884 was married to Miss Ulrica Kleutz; 
Mary, married in 1890 to Joseph Reiser, 
their family consisting of two children, John 
Raymond and Elsie Elizabeth; and George, 


Jr. After the death of his first wife in Au- 
gust, 1870, Mr. Werheim was married in De- 
cember, 1874, to Miss Elizabeth Paulus, by 
whom he has two children, Carl and Aman- 
da. For manyyears Mr. Werheim has served 
as trustee of Wausau, was under-sheriff one 
term, and for seven successive years he served 
as city treasurer. He was elected to the 
Legislature November 6, 1894, on the Re- 
publican ticket, by a majority of 540 votes 
over his opponent, Bradd Jones. Mr. Wer- 
heim is a member of the A. O. U. W., and 
the family attend St. Paul's Evangelical Lu- 
theran Church. During his active business 
and official life Mr. Werheim has by his pub- 
lic spirit, by his zeal in matters of general 
moment, greatly endeared himself to the 
constituency of Marathon county, and he is 
recognized as one of its foremost citizens. 

ceased). Not only as a business 
man of the highest character, keen- 
est judgment and noblest impulses 
was the subject of this sketch known 
through northern Wisconsin, but also as a 
profound statesman, a conscientious law- 
giver, a patriot of the highest type. 

Mr. Mclndoe was born March 28. 18 19. 
near Glasgow, Scotland, son of Hugh and 
Catherine (McRae) Mclndoe, formerly of 
Dumbartonshire, Scotland. In his fifteenth 
year he emigrated to this country, making 
his home for a time in New York City, 
where he was engaged as clerk in a large 
mercantile house; later he was a salesman 
in Charleston, S. C, and at St. Louis, Mo. 
He was married at Florisant, St. Louis 
Co., Mo., by Rev. Father Butler, February 
20, 1845, to Miss Catherine Harriet Ann 
Taylor, born in Stafford county, Va. , July 
II, 1825, daughter of John B. and Cather- 
ine (Spaulding) Taylor, the mother being a 
first cousin to Archbishop Spaulding. In the 
same year Mr. Mclndoe made a trip to the 
pineries of northern Wisconsin. Returning 
to St. Louis he started again for Wisconsin, 
with his wife, two years later, in 1847, and 
established a home at Wausau, Marathon 
county, where he devoted all his energies to 
the development of the lumber business. 

This was a year before Wisconsin was ad- 
mitted as a State. Mr. Mclndoe was a 
man of enlarged business views, and his 
operations soon became quite extensive. 
He became generally known to the people 
of Wisconsin as one of the most enter- 
prising and prosperous men of the State. 
His efforts were crowned with speedy suc- 
cess, for in a short time he accumulated 
quite a respectable fortune. All his busi- 
ness transactions were conducted on liberal 
and honorable principles, and he used his 
means freely in bestowing comforts upon 
those about him. Few if any lumbermen 
were better or more favorably known in the 
business circles of the State, or at the cen- 
ters in the lower Mississippi Valley. 

Mr. Mclndoe was as prominent in polit- 
ical as in business life. A man of strong 
convictions and indomitable energy, he was 
of necessity a potent force in shaping the 
political status of the infant State. In 1849 
he was elected to the State Assembly, and 
was an able and useful member of that body 
during the session of 1850. In politics he 
was a Whig, and that part}' being in the 
minority in the Assembly that year he was 
less conspicuous perhaps than he would 
have been had his party had the ascen- 
dancy; yet his sound practical suggestions 
and his manly bearing gave him popularity 
and standing with all members, regardless 
of party. In the session of 1854 he again 
represented his District in the Assembly in 
the same acceptable manner. In 1857 he 
was a prominent candidate for governor 
before the State Republican Convention. 
The contest was mainly between him and 
Hon. E. D. Holton, but after a protracted 
and ineffectual struggle, as often happens in 
a situation like that, a third candidate was 
taken up in the person of Hon. A. W. Ran- 
dall. In 1 862 he was elected to Congress 
to succeed Hon. Luther Hanchett, and in 
1864 he was re-elected. While in Congress 
he labored very earnestly and efficiently for 
the interests of the Upper Wisconsin Valley. 
Among the many measures, favorable to 
this locality, which were adopted through 
his instrumentality, was the land grant to 
any railroad that should build a line through 
the center of Wisconsin to Lake Superior. 


It resulted in the construction of the Wis- 
consin Central road. 

He was general of the State militia, 
and during the war of the Rebellion tilled 
the office of provost-marshal of the State 
with exceptional ability. In 1866 he retired 
from official business to attend to his large 
business interests, which had been some- 
what neglected. In the Republican Na- 
tional Conventions of 1856, i860 and 1872 
he was a delegate, voting at these momentous 
gatherings for John C. Fremont, Abraham 
Lincoln and Gen. U. S. Grant, respectively. 
Gen. Mclndoe was called to rest August 22, 
1872, at the age of fifty-two years, while 
yet in the prime of life, but not until he had 
attained a success in life, wider and nobler 
than that which comes to most men who 
attain their allotted three score years and ten. 

As a politician Gen. Mclndoe was a man 
of rare sagacity, incorruptible integrity and 
commanding influence. With strong con- 
victions and inflexible will he was a tower 
of strength during the dark daj'S of the Re- 
bellion, and his energies in the halls of Con- 
gress during that crucial period of the Na- 
tion's life were strained to give aid and sus- 
tenance to the cause of national unity. In 
private life he possessed a broad and gen- 
erous sympathy, and to his friends he gave 
chivalrous devotion. To many thousands of 
men his death was a personal affliction. Too 
positive in disposition to escape opponents, 
he always retained their respect and admira- 
tion for the qualities of candor, generosity 
and endurance which he displayed. He 
could oppose without vindictiveness, and 
earnestly advocate without undue heat. In 
the fullest sense of the word he was a self- 
made man, one of those energetic, self-re- 
liant men who in the tide of humanity walk 
with head erect, towering above the sur- 
rounding masses, and giving directions to 
the hundreds of men who fall within their 

The funeral services of Gen. Mclndoe 
were conducted by the Masonic body, of 
which the deceased had been a prominent 
member, and were attended by some two 
thousand people, many of whom were from 
abroad. In the funeral train, at the par- 
ticular request of Gen. Mclndoe, was his 

favorite horse, "Dan." Gen. Mclndoe was 
childless, but his widow still survives, an 
honored resident of the old homestead 
at Wausau. Though bereft of her chosen 
companion and loving consort, she is com- 
forted by a solace unknown to the careless 
world. Mrs. Mclndoe was one of a family 
of twelve children, only two of whom, be- 
sides herself, are now living — Spaulding 
Taylor, a resident of Memphis, Tenn., and 
Philip C. Taylor, late sheriff of St. Louis 
county, Missouri. 

Hugh Mclndoe (deceased), a brother of 
Gen. Mclndoe, was born in Dumbarton- 
shire, Scotland, February 26, 1832, emi- 
grated to America in 1857, and for twenty- 
seven years was a prominent citizen of 
Wausau. He was associated in business 
with his brother, and witnessed the develop- 
ment of the little woodland hamlet into a 
prosperous city. He was one of those rare 
generous characters whom it is a pleasure 
to meet. Quick to resent an insult, he 
never gave one himself; thoughtless of self, 
he would give his last penny to the suffer- 
ing or afflicted. Unhampered by creed or 
dogma, he stood forth in the genius of his 
own nature, an honest man. His death oc- 
curred September 23, 1881; his widow sur- 
vives, and is now a resident of Rhinelander, 
Wis. Their six children are Walter D., a 
lumberman, at Barron, Wis.; Thomas B., a 
prominent physician of Rhinelander; Hugh, 
a prominent attorney, at Chicago; John B., 
of Rhinelander; Charles S., a dentist, at 
Rhinelander, and Archibald J., a dentist, of 
Toledo, Ohio. 

ANDREW G. NELSON, at this writ- 
ing serving his third term as mayor 
of Waupaca, Waupaca county, is, 
by his capable administration, leav- 
ing an impress upon that city that will long 
remain. He is a descendant of a prominent 
Swedish family. His grandfather, Nels G. 
Nelson, who was a farmer in Sweden, reared 
a family of five children, Nels, John, An- 
drew, Mary and Bertha, all of whom are 
still living, and all are landowners. Nels 
Nelson, the eldest, and father of Andrew G., 
was born April 10, 1822, and married Chris- 


tine Deburg, a well-educated young lady, 
and daughter of John Deburg, a judge of 
Toysse count}'. They reared a family of 
seven children: John P., Andrew G. , Nels 
T. , John H., August, Anna and Elizabeth. 
August Nelson still lives in Sweden, a pros- 
perous farmer and lumberman. The mother 
of our subject died in 1893, in Sweden. 

Their son, Andrew G. Nelson, born 
June 15, 1849, was educated in the common 
schools of Sweden, and at the age of fifteen 
began a course of study in the Agricultural 
College at Seffle, Sweden, where he re- 
mained two terms. At the age of twenty- 
one 3'ears he resolved to emigrate to Amer- 
ica, his older brother, John P., having come 
two years earlier. When Andrew reached 
Waupaca, in 1871, his capital consisted of 
$16, but he soon found work in a planing 
mill, and two years later, forming a partner- 
ship with his brother, they purchased a small 
planing mill, running in debt for almost the 
full amount. Four years later it was burned, 
a total loss, for there was no insurance upon 
the property; but the plucky boys rebuilt at 
once, and continued in business until 1888, 
when the brother sold his interest to Mr. 
Churchill, of Waupaca. Thej- removed the 
plant to its present site, and in 1891 Mr. 
Nelson purchased Mr. Churchill's interest, 
and became sole proprietor. He also bought 
the water power and built a custom grist- 
mill. Still later he added a large lumber 
yard, and acquired various lumber interests, 
including a sawmill. 

In 1875 Mr. Nelson was married to 
Hulda Brown, a native of Waupaca, daugh- 
ter of C. O. Brown, an early settler of 
Swedish birth, who followed farming here, 
and was a public-spirited citizen and a county 
official in various capacities. By this mar- 
riage Mr. Nelson had one child, Edwin. 
The wife died in 1881, and in 1883 he mar- 
ried Anna S. Beadmore, daughter of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Barber) Beadmore, early 
English settlers in Waupaca county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Nelson have one child. Van An- 
drew Nelson. 

Mr. Nelson's executive abilities are of a 
high order, and have often been called into 
service by his fellow townsmen. He is a 
Republican, and for many years served as a 

member of the city council. He was also a 
member of the county board, and in 1884 
was elected to the State Assembly; but, 
though he has since been urged to accept a 
nomination for ihe same responsible legisla- 
tive office, which would be equivalent to an 
election, he has declined the honor. That 
he has proved the right man in the right 
place for mayor, is evinced by his many re- 
elections. Under his administration many 
cit}' improvements have been made. The 
city hall, a beautiful structure, has been 
built, of granite taken from Waupaca's own 
quarries; many streets have been macadam- 
ized, and stone bridges have been con- 
structed. Like the magnificent public vvork 
of Mr. Shepard in Washington City, these 
improvements, in after years, will rise up 
and call Mr. Nelson blessed. The mayor's 
public policy, like that in his private busi- 
ness, has been marked by thoroughness, en- 
durance and honesty. Socially he is a mem- 
ber of the F. & A. M., I. O. O. F. and the 
Knights of Pythias. 

JEROME CROCKER, general mer- 
chant at Weyauwega, Waupaca coun- 
ty, has enjoyed a continuous business 
career much longer than falls to the 
lot of most men. He carries a full line of 
hardware and general merchandise, and, 
having begun business in 1859, has now 
been thirty-six years on the site of his pres- 
ent store. Mr. Crocker traces his ancestry 
back to Revolutionary times. 

He was born October 1 1, 1824, in Per- 
rysburg, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. , son of 
Stephen and Polly (Black) Crocker. Stephen 
Crocker was born in Schoharie county, N. Y. , 
July 13, 1788, son of Stephen Crocker, 
who was a native of Rhode Island, of Eng- 
lish Quaker extraction, and who lived to 
the age of 102 years. Stephen Crocker, 
Jr., was a farmer by occupation, and in 
1844 moved to Miami county, Ind., to land 
pre-empted by his son Jerome. He was a 
Democrat of the Jackson school, and died 
in 1847. Polly (Black) Crocker, mother of 
Jerome, was born in Chautauqua county, 
N. Y. , July 21, 1802, daughter of James 
and Polly (Putney) Black, the father a na- 

cA.^^^ a. 



tive of New York, the mother of Vermont. 
Stephen and Polly Crocker had five chil- 
dren: Mary Jane, who died June 6, 1845, 
in New York; Lorinda, wife of Seymour P. 
Ensign, of Erie, Penn. ; Jerome; Eliza, wife 
of Robert Hughson, of Ripley, N. Y. , and 
Benjamin Franklin, who died in New York 
September 2, 1848. The mother died Oc- 
tober 7, 1832, and Stephen Crocker mar- 
ried Rachel, widow of David Black, by 
which union he had one child, Rosetta, wife 
of Daniel Risinger, of Kokomo, Indiana. 

The boyhood of Jerome was spent on 
the farms of Cattaraugus and Chautauqua 
counties, N. Y. , and his education received 
in the schools of western New York and of 
Indiana. At the age of eighteen he entered 
the employ of John Morrison & Co. , mer- 
chants, at Nashville, N. Y. Eighteen months 
later he entered the employ of Smith & Foote, 
merchants, at Peru, Ind., remaining ten 
years. In 1856 Mr. Crocket went to Cali- 
fornia, via the Isthmus, and for three years 
was engaged by J. A. Cole and John Stevens 
in constructing a flume from the Sierra 
Nevadas to the mines, an enterprise that re- 
quired three years to complete. In 1859 he 
returned from California, and located in 
the budding little settlement at Weyauwega. 
He at once entered the mercantile trade, 
and from that time on he has been promi- 
nently identified with the development of 
that locality, being engaged in various enter- 
prises. He was a prime mover in the 
establishment of the Badger Basket Factory; 
at one time he owned the brewery, and for 
a while he owned a tin shop. He was an 
original stockholder in establishing the 
county fair grounds. 

Mr. Crocker was married, in 1852, to 
Miss Angeline Rice, daughter of Charles and 
Harriet (Ainsworth) Rice, natives of Con- 
necticut who became early settlers of Chau- 
tauque county, N. Y. , and who afterward, 
in 1859, removed to Weyauwega, Wis. 
Mrs. Crocker died February 2, 1854, in 
Chautauqua county, N. Y. His second 
wife was Mrs. Helen M. Rice, of Jamiestown, 
N. Y. , daughter of George W. and Mary 
Tew. She died October 24, 1879, and in 
August, 1 88 1, Mr. Crocker married his 
present wife, the widow of Jacob Weed. 

Politically, Mr. Crocker has always affiliated 
with the Democratic party. He has served 
as a member of the county board. He owns 
a farm adjoining Weyauwega, and has al- 
ways taken an active interest in public im- 
provements. Few men can, as he, look 
back over the entire business development 
of Weyauwega, noting its reverses, and 
more particularly its successes, almost from 
the inception of the settlement. His life has 
been devoted to its business interests, and 
his influence felt for good in every step of 

(deceased), " the father of Antigo." 
The life of this gentleman presents 
a striking example of industry and 
integrity conducting to eminent success, and 
of political consistency based on enlightened 
and moderate views — views at all times com- 
patible with a generous toleration of the sen- 
timents entertained by others, and com- 
manding general confidence and esteem. 

Mr. Deleglise was a native of Switzer- 
land, born February 10, 1835, in Bagnes, 
Valais, a son of Morris and Catherine Dele- 
glise, the former of whom was by profession 
a teacher and surveyor. In 1849. realizing 
that in the New World their numerous fam- 
ily would have greater advantages and 
broader opportunities for advancement and 
success in life, they emigrated to America, 
coming direct to Wisconsin, and locating 
first in Gibson township, Manitowoc county, 
where the mother died in 1854. Later the 
family moved to Shawano county, settling 
in Morris township, near Leopolis, where 
the father followed farming, dying there in 
1877. The son Francis, our subject, was 
fourteen years old when he came with the 
rest of the family to Wisconsin. He had al- 
ready received a fairly liberal public-school 
education, and his first occupation in this, 
to him, new country, was sailing on the 
lakes, a vocation he followed until he was 
seventeen years old, after which he worked 
in the woods during the winter season, as- 
sisting his father in locating settlers, in sur- 
veying, and in many other ways, to the best 
of his ability. At tTie age of twenty-one he 



married, and shortly afterward he and his 
young wife removed toAppleton, where they 
remained until 1877. During this time Mr. 
Deleglise was always more or less engaged 
in civil engineering, locating new settlers on 
homesteads, and other employment of a like 
nature, but during the first years of his resi- 
dence in Appleton, when not thus occupied, 
followed different lines of work, being ever 
ready to turn his hand to any labor which 
would bring him remuneration. Thus he 
continued until the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion, in which he served over 
three years. He was among the first to re- 
spond to his adopted country's call for vol- 
unteers, enlisting June 28, 1861, in Com- 
pany E, Sixth Wis. V. I., Capt. Marsten, 
of Appleton, commanding the company, in 
which he was speedily promoted to corporal. 
The regiment was, in the following July, at- 
tached to the army of the Potomac, and 
participated in all the battles of the " Iron 
Brigade." At Antietam, September 17, 

1862, our subject was wounded, which ne- 
cessitated his confinement to hospital; but 
he convalesced soon enough to be present at 
the battle of Gettysburg, July i, 2 and 3, 

1863, where, at the railroad grade, he was 
again wounded, and was taken prisoner. He 
did not long remain in the enemy's hands, 
however, as when they retreated they had 
to leave all the wounded behind. On July 
16, 1864, he was honorably discharged from 
the service with the record of a valiant sol- 
dier, one who did his duty faithfully and loy- 
ally. But he suffered much in health, for 
when he enlisted his weight was 190 pounds, 
and when he left for his home the scales 
showed but 90 pounds — a loss of 100 
pounds; and he painfully carried a bullet in 
his thigh till it was extracted at Madison at 
the time of his discharge. While recuperat- 
ing Mr. Deleglise resumed the study of civil 
engineering, and became a proficient sur- 
veyor, in 1867 commencing the looking up 
and locating of lands in this part of the 
State. It was then that he, in reality, picked 
out the site for the future city of Antigo, en- 
tering lands and locating settlers on home- 
steads, and in 1877 he settled there with his 
family. In that same year he platted the 
village and commenced the sale of lots, 

which, and his after active connection with 
the place, brought him the well-merited ti- 
tle of ' ' Father of Antigo. " He was the first 
chairman of the city, and served as county 
treasurer for some time; dealt largely in real 
estate, and became possessed of extensive 
tracts of land in and around Antigo, having 
unbounded faith in the growth of the em- 
bryo city. 

On November 29, 1856, Mr. Deleglise 
was united in marriage, at Two Rivers, 
Wis., with Miss Mary Bor, who was born 
January i, 1835, in Taus, Bohemia, daugh- 
ter of Simon and Dora (Kerzma) Bor, the 
parents of two children. The family came 
to America in 1855, settling at Gibson, Man- 
itowoc county, and the father, who was a 
merchant in Europe, and a farmer in this 
country, died in Antigo in 1 881; in his na- 
tive land he served as a soldier eight years. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Deleglise were born chil- 
dren as follows: Mary T. , now Mrs. John 
Deresch, of Antigo; Sophia E., wife of 
Samuel E. Leslie, of Antigo; Francis A. 
(deceased); John E. ; Anna E., wife of 
Thomas Morrissey, of Antigo; Adelbert A.; 
Alexis L. ; Henry (deceased), and Edmond, 
at home. 

Mr. Deleglise was public-spirited and 
progressive from the crown of his head to 
the sole of his foot, and the primary and 
great object of his ambition was the devel- 
opment and improvement of the village, 
town and city where he passed so many busy 
years of his life. He was liberal in all 
things, especially in Church and educational 
matters, in which latter he took special in- 
terest; in politics, he was, during the war, a 
Democrat, later a Republican, and in 1892 
he was elected to the State Legiskiture, 
where he made a brilliant record as a legis- 
lator. In all things he w'as a most success- 
ful man, and when he died he left not only 
large landed interests in northern Wiscon- 
sin, but the record of one whose memory is 
inseparably connected with the rise and 
progress of this portion of the State, in al4 
his efforts toward the consummation of which 
he was instigated by no spirit of selfishness 
or gain to himself beyond what is conceded 
to be a right due to every American citizen. 
He died March 25, 1894, in the full faith of 



the Roman Catholic Church, beloved and 
respected by all, regardless of party or re- 
ligion, and deeply mourned by hosts of 
friends and acquaintances, as a man, locally 
speaking, not of to-day alone, but for all 

WILLIAM H. WEED. In every 
community there are families that 
by their strong personality make 
deep and lasting impression upon 
the people about them, and by their well- 
guided energies give direction and momen- 
tum to the forming and growing industries 
about them. To no one, perhaps, is the 
town of Weyauwega more greatly indebt- 
ed for its early prosperity than to Jacob 
Weed, one of its founders. He was a mas- 
ter spirit, fitted and willing to grapple with 
the problems and difficulties that must be 
solved and overcome in order to make an 
obscure and unpromising locality smile with 
the lasting fruits of industry. The son of 
Air. Weed, in the person of him whose name 
heads this sketch, is now at the helm in di- 
recting some of the most important enter- 
prises of Weyauwega. 

Jacob Weed was born October 27, 18 19, 
in Saratoga county, N. Y. , a son of Alfred 
and Rolina (Hewett) Weed, natives of that 
county. Their children were nine in num- 
ber, as follows: Harriet, deceased wife of 
Matthew West, a pioneer of Oshkosh; Wal- 
ter H., a prominent merchant and lumber- 
man of Oshkosh, Wis., who died in 1876; 
Jacob; James H., a resident of Oshkosh; 
Sarah, deceased wife of Corydon L. Rich, 
of Oshkosh township, Winnebago county; 
Mary, first wife of William G. Gumaer. died 
in 1856; Priscilla, second wife of William 
G. Gumaer, died in Weyauwega in 1876; 
Alfred, a resident of .Ashland, Wis. ; and 
Carolina, wife of Homer Chandler, of Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

The education of Jacob Weed was re- 
ceived in the common schools of Wayne 
county, N. Y. In 1847, with his two 
brothers, Walter H. and James H., became 
to Wisconsin, settling in Vinland township, 
Winnebago county, where he purchased a 
tract of 800 acres in the forest, and became 

actively identified in developing the lumber 
interests of that locality. Here he was 
married, in 1849, to Miss Ann Elizabeth 
Gumaer, a native of Onondaga county, 
N. Y. , reared and educated in Washington, 
D. C. , and a daughter of Elias De Puy and 
Mary (Lewis) Gumaer, natives of Ulster 
county, N. Y. Elias D. Gumaer was a con- 
tractor of public works. He built, as a 
contractor, part of the Erie canal, and 
while completing a contract to construct the 
canal from Georgetown, D. C, to the Navy 
Yard, was prostrated with quick consump- 
tion, and died soon after, in 1844, at his 
home in Manlius, N. Y. His widow and 
many of the children removed to Wiscon- 
sin, and the latter became closely identified 
with the development of the State. There 
were nine children: Ann Elizabeth, wife of 
Jacob Weed; Margaret, wife of Jacob Dev- 
ens, of Vinland township, Winnebago coun- 
ty, died in 1880; Martha, wife of Louis 
Bostedo, a pioneer of Weyauwega, died in 
1 881; Jane, widow of Richard Holdsworth, 
of Washington, D. C, her present home 
being at Penn Yan, N. Y. ; Emily, who died 
in Oshkosh in 1876; Mary, wife of Walter 
H. Weed, of Oshkosh, died in 1877; Elias 
De Puy, who was the first county judge of 
Shawano county, and who died in Shawano 
in 1879; William G. , a prominent pioneer 
of Weyauwega, who died in November, 
1885, and Charles L., a former prominent 
resident of Weyauwega, and now a resident 
of Lincoln, Nebraska. 

After his marriage Jacob Weed settled 
in Winnebago county, and with his brothers 
built up a lumbering and mercantile busi- 
ness which gradually extended into Wau- 
paca county. As early as 1 848 Amos Dodge, 
James Hicks, M. Lewis and H. Tourtelotte 
obtained possession of a fine water-power 
on the site of Weyauwega, and erected a 
dam and mill. The enterprise encountered 
financial embarrassments, and led a precari- 
ous existence for a number of years, until 
sold to Jacob Weed and Benjamin Birdsell. 
W. G. Gumaer and Louis Bostedo after- 
ward acquired an interest in the property, 
and in 1855 Weed, Birdsell & Co. erected 
the Hour-mill still operated by the Weed 
and Gumaer Manufacturing Co., the original 



cost of building, machinery, etc., being $20,- 
000. The business Hfe of Jacob Weed was 
very active. Frequent!}- he made trips afoot 
to Green Bay, and rarely knew the meaning 
of a leisure moment. Yet his mind was al- 
ways receptive to charitable or public enter- 
prises, and he is kindly remembered for his 
many deeds of benevolence and public im- 
provement. He died in 1867, and his widow 
subsequently married Jerome Crocker, a 
prominent merchant and manufacturer of 
Weyauwega. To Jacob Weed and wife two 
children were born — William H., and Ella 
v., wife of A. J. Kirkwood, of Chicago, 111. 
Mrs. Kirkwood's children are Ella Weed 
and Arthur William. 

William H. W^eed, president of the Weed 
& Gumaer Manufacturing Co., secretary of 
the Badger Basket Manufacturing Co., and 
an associate in the banking firm of Weed, 
Gumaer & Co. , is one of the most progress- 
ive and thorough business men of Waupaca 
county. He was born at Vinland, Winne- 
bago county, in 185 1, and his youth and 
boyhood were spent at Weyauwega, and his 
education obtained in the home schools and 
at Oshkosh. In 1870, at the age of nine- 
teen years, he became associated with the 
Weyauwega Bank, giving it his exclusive at- 
tention until 1883, when he was elected the 
vice-president of the milling company, and 
in 1890 was advanced to its presidency. 
The output of the mill is 1 50 barrels per 
day, and the company, besides in flour and 
feed, deals extensively in lumber, lath, shin- 
gles and moldings. The Badger Basket 
Manufacturing Co. was organized in 1884, 
Mr. Weed being one of its active promoters. 
The building was erected the same year, 
and twenty-six employes are required to 
manufacture the product for which the en- 
ergetic owners find a ready market. The 
building is a two-story structure, 40 x 60 
feet in size. The mill building is a substan- 
tial structure, 45 x 50 feet, two-and-a-half 
stories high, with an oval elevator having a 
storage capacity of 30.000 bushels. It is a 
fully-equipped roller-mill, with two systems 
for wheat and r3-e. The planing and saw 
mill is a two-story structure 40 x 60 feet. 

Mr. Weed was married at Weyauwega, 
in 1879, to Miss Jennie Smith, a native of 

Berlin, Wis. She died in 1882, leaving one 
child, Jacob. In 1886 Mr. Weed was mar- 
ried at Waupaca to Miss Margaret Reed, 
daughter of Hon. Myron and JuHa (Hanson) 
Reed. Mr. Reed was born in Massena, St. 
Lawrence Co., N. Y. , September 19, 1836. 
He was educated in the common schools 
and at Union Academy, Belleville, N. Y. 
Entering the law school at Albany Univer- 
sity in 1857, he was admitted to practice in 
1858. The following year he came to Wau- 
paca, Wis., and formed a law partnership 
with E. L. Browne, O. E. Druetzer and M. 
H. Sessions, which continued until 187 1. 
Mr. Reed was prominent in county politics, 
and filled many local offices, including those 
of mayor, clerk, supervisor, etc. In 1871 
he was elected State senator, his own part- 
ner contesting on the opposite ticket for the 
honor. While in the Senate he secured, al- 
most by his own unaided efforts, the adop- 
tion of Article 4 of the amendment to the 
Constitution. Mr. Reed has been grand 
master of the State of Wisconsin, high priest 
of Waupaca Chapter No. 39, R. A. M., 
Master of Waupaca Lodge No. 123, F. and 
A. M., and a member of the Knights of 
Pythias. He is now a resident of West Su- 
perior, Wisconsin. 

Mr. Weed is a member and treasurer of 
Weyauwega Lodge No. 82, and a member 
of Waupaca Chapter No. 123, R. A. M. He 
is a Democrat in politics, and has served as 
a member of the county board. 

DEWTTT S. JOHNSON, the popular 
and courteous postmaster at Rhine- 
lander, Oneida count}', is a native 
of Wisconsin, born July 23, 1851, in 
the city of Appleton. 

William Johnson, father of our subject, 
was born July 27, 181 1, at Philadelphia, 
Penn., and his earliest recollection was of 
life in Columbia county, in the same State, 
where he received such tuition as the coun- 
try schools of that period afforded. His 
mother died when he was very young, and 
the family became separated. William 
lived with a cousin on a farm until he was 
sixteen years of age, and passed the follow- 
ing two years in learning the wagon-mak- 



er's trade. Proceeding to Oswego, N. Y., 
where a brother was living, he remained in 
that place eleven years, during which time 
he became master also of the carpenter's 
trade. Locating at Syracuse, he for five 
years was there engaged in contracting and 
building, at the end of that period moving 
to New York City, where he followed the 
same line of business some five years. 
Among buildings for which he had contracts 
were a cut-stone hotel at Syracuse, costing 
two hundred thousand dollars; another at 
Oswego, costing one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars; numerous fine buildings in 
New York City, and many costly residences 
at Brooklyn Heights. In 1850, having met 
with serious business reverses, he arranged 
his affairs as advantageously as possible, 
and came to Appleton, which was then in 
the midst of a decidedly new region, as far as 
settlements were concerned. Here he joined 
his wife's father, Amos A. Story, who had 
the contract for building the Green Bay & 
Mississippi canal, from the Wisconsin river 
to Green Bay, and Mr. Johnson, who was 
made foreman, was engaged on this work 
about two years when the company sold out. 
He then proceeded to Chicago and entered 
into contract to build depots for the Illinois 
Central Railroad Company, remaining with 
that company three years. Upon his return 
to Appleton he became interested with oth- 
ers in the sawmill business, but sold his in- 
terest in 1 87 1, and in company with Mr. 
Mory built a gristmill; disposing, however, 
of his share of the property inside of two 
years, he began the manufacture of rakes, 
seed-sowers and woodwork of all descrip- 
tions. Meeting with fresh reverses about 
two years later, he was obliged to relinquish 
that line of work, after which he was not 
steadily engaged in business. He superin- 
tended the construction of a number of 
buildings, and busied himself in various 
ways, but a few years preceding his death 
he lived a retired life. Mr. Johnson died 
November 19, 1894, aged eighty-three years, 
in which connection we glean the following 
from the Appleton Daily Post of November 
20, the day after: 

"William Johnson, who was stricken 
with paralysis Sunday, continued to fail in 

strength all day yesterday. Last night the 
end came quietly, and his spirit entered into 
the great hereafter to claim the reward of a 
well-spent life. Mr. Johnson had been a 
resident of Appleton for forty-four years, and 
during all that period possessed the esteem 
and confidence of his fellow citizens to a 
degree which falls to the lot of few men. In 
his passing is removed another of the sturdy 
personalities which bind the Appleton of the 
present to that Appleton of the early ' fifties ' 
which was little more than a name and a 
clearing in the virgin iorest." 

In politics Mr. Johnson was a Democrat, 
and he served as city treasurer, alderman, 
and chairman of the board of supervisors; 
was also mayor of Appleton three terms dur- 
ing the war of the Rebellion. In 1867 he 
was appointed United States collector of 
customs for this District, the duties of which 
office he discharged for two years. He was 
a member of the Masonic Order twenty-five 
years, and became an Odd Fellow in 1842, 
being at the time of his death the oldest 
member of the latter organization in Apple- 
ton. He was married in Syracuse, N. Y., 
May 18, 1845, to Miss Lydia Sophia Story, 
a native of that State, daughter of Amos A. 
and Sarah (Tourtelotte) Story, and eight 
children were born to this union, viz. : Amos 
A., DeW^itt S., Sarah Lois, Frances S., Ina 
B. and John Allen, living, and Lina B. and 
William B., deceased. John Johnson, grand- 
father of William Johnson, was a mason by 
trade. He married Hannah Duberry, and 
reared a family of seven children — Charles, 
David, James P., Gilbert, Eliza, William 
and Ellen. 

The subject proper of these lines, whose 
name introduces this sketch, received his 
education at the public schools of his native 
city, and deciding on making the printing 
trade his life work commenced at the age of 
twenty- one to inquire into its many mys- 
teries in the office of the Crescent at Apple- 
ton, finishing his apprenticeship in the River- 
side Job Office, Milwaukee, in which latter 
establishment he remained two j'ears. Sub- 
sequently taking up his residence in Manito- 
woc, he had charge there of the Pilot one 
year, thence returned to Appleton, where he 
served as foreman in the office of the Ci\s- 



cent until 1884, at which time he went to 
Merrill, working at his trade there a few 
months. In 1885 he established the ]\\-st 
Merrill Herald, which paper he in the fall 
of the following year moved to Rhinelander, 
changing its name to Oneida County Herald, 
and conducting it up to some time in 1890, 
when he sold it out, having been elected to 
the office of register of deeds for Oneida 
county. This incumbency he filled until 
1894, in which year he received the appoint- 
ment of postmaster at Rhinelander, his pres- 
ent position. 

In 1S74, at Appleton, Wis., Mr. Johnson 
was married to Miss Beulah A. Johnson, of 
Clinton, Wis., daughter of Job J. and Kate 
(Strobridge) Johnson, well-to-do farming 
people, both natives of Cortland county, N. 
Y. , the parents of four children — Seth, Jay, 
Beulah A. and Ellen. Both parents died in 
1892, within one week. To this marriage 
of Mr. Johnson there were born three chil- 
dren — DeWitt S., Jr., Bryant A. and Beulah 
A. The mother of these died in 1881, and 
in 1889, at Rhinelander, Mr. Johnson for his 
second wife married Miss Maud Jenkinson, 
who was born in Brandon, Wis., the result 
of which union is one child — George William 
— whose mother was called to her long home 
in January, 1892. In politics our subject is 
a stanch Democrat, and has always been a 
leader in his party; was a delegate to the 
State convention that elected Peck governor 
of Wisconsin the first time. Socially he is 
a member of the I.O.O.F. In 1874, when 
he was twenty-three years of age, he paid a 
year's visit to the Pacific coast, spending 
most of his time in San Francisco. 

whom there is no one better known 
throughout the entire State of Wis- 
consin, in both public and private 
life, is a man of whom the city and county 
of Shawano may well feel proud. 

He is a native of Vermont, born at 
Vergennes, Addison county, November 16, 
1834, and comes of a sturdy race, for the 
most part farmers who live by honest toil in 
the valleys of the Green Mountains. His 
father, John Pulcifer, a ship carpenter by 

trade, and a native of New York State, 
married Mary Haight, who was of the same 
nativity, and they had a family of thirteen 
children, six of them being sons — of whom 
the following reached maturity: Daniel H., 
subject of sketch; Edwin D., a wealthy 
farmer of Plainview, Pierce Co., Neb., 
where he is prominent in local politics as a 
stanch Republican; and Jane E., Mrs. 
Charles Connely, of Syracuse, N. Y. ; 
Mary E., Mrs. Dennis Darling, of near 
Syracuse, N. Y. ; Martha E., Mrs. William 
H. Wright, of Syracuse, N. Y. ; Bertha, 
Mrs. David Jones, of Shawano, Wis. ; and 
Dora R. , Mrs. Parmalee W. Ackerman, of 
Shawano, Wisconsin. 

Owing to an unfortunate infirmity, the 
father of this large family was unable to 
wholl}' support them, and as a consequence 
much fell upon the shoulders of the eldest 
son, our subject, who for some years was 
the mainstay of the famil}', the entire sup- 
port, in fact; but he was equal to the task, 
as the spirit of determination and resolute- 
ness, which has so forcibly characterized his 
entire after life, was a dominant feature in 
his boyhood years. Thus it can be readily 
understood how it was that his education 
was so limited that at the age of twenty he 
could read with great difficulty, and write 
not at all, much of what he did know hav- 
ing been gained by practical experience in a 
country printing office which he entered as an 
apprentice at the age of fourteen years, at 
Whitehall, N. Y. , and where he had to do 
all the chores that usually fall to the lot of 
a happy printer's "devil. " In 1855, ^t the 
age of twenty-one years, he migrated to 
Wisconsin, locating at Oasis, Waushara 
county; but in February, 1865, he removed 
to Shawano, where his energ}', honesty and 
genial temperament soon made him one of 
the popular citizens of that new section. 
In the meantime he had some more news- 
paper-office experience, where he had little 
difficulty in appreciating the necessity of im- 
proving what little education he had, and, 
with all the energy of a strong physical and 
mental constitution, he proceeded with a 
fixed determination, not onlj- to learn but 
even to excel, if possible. In the spring of 
1858 he made a bold dash into the arena of 


journalism by starting, at Pine River, Wis., 
the Pine Rive?- Arff!is,\vh\da soon afterward 
was merged into the WaiisharaCoiinty Argus, 
the plant being removed to Wautoma, where 
Mr. Pulcifer succeeded, by ingenuity and 
finessing, in securing the county printing, 
taking it out of the hands of another office, 
and this proved a source of considerable 
profit to him. Later he sold out the Argus, 
and became editor of the Plover Times, at 
Plover, Portage county; still later he be- 
came editor and proprietor of the Columbus 
Republiean, at Columbus, Wis., so continu- 
ing until in 1863 he became connected with 
the Commonwcaltli, at Fond du Lac (daily 
and weekly), as local editor. Severing his 
connection with this journal in February, 
1865, Mr. Pulcifer came, as already related, 
to Shawano (his family following him a 
few daj'S later), to take charge of the 
Journal, a thriving newspaper of that city, 
with which he was connected some time. In 
1889 he became a member of the present 
firm of Kuckuk & Pulcifer, general mer- 
chants, Shawano. 

Our subject filled various offices, among 
them those of clerk of the court, sheriff and 
deputy U. S. marshal, and served three 
terms as mayor of the city of Shawano. In 
1866 he was elected to represent the Dis- 
trict of which Shawano county formed a 
part in the Assembly, and was again chosen 
in 187S, each time by an unusual majority. 
He was also sergeant-at-arms of the Assem- 
bly in 1880. As a legislator he was practical 
and influential. His firm convictions, clear 
perception, and affable, though brusque, 
manner, made him a universal favorite with 
members of both political parties. He com- 
piled the Blue Book for 1879, and did it as 
well as it had ever been done before or has 
been since. In 1882 he was appointed, by 
Postmaster-general Howe, post office in- 
spector, and he was regarded as one of the 
shrewdest and most valuable officials in 
that most difficult branch of the service. 
Reminiscences of his experience would make 
an interesting volume, and thousands of post 
offices were subject to his examination. 
Among those agencies of Uncle Sam he was 
noted for his patient kindness in giving in- 
struction and counsel to the inexperienced, 

and in meting out justice fearlessly in cases 
of dishonesty or wilful negligence. Patience, 
shrewdness, industry and cool judgment are 
requisites of a successful inspector, and few 
officials possess these qualities in a greater 
degree than did Mr. Pulcifer. He was con- 
tinuously retained in his position in spite of 
political changes, serving as inspector under 
Postmaster-general Howe, Gen. Gresham, 
Frank Hatton, William F. Vilas, Don E. 
Dickinson, John Wanamaker and W. S. 
Bissell, under all of which administrations 
he was never once censured for failing to do 
the work assigned to him. His duties in 
the capacity of post office inspector took him 
into thirty other States and Territories, and 
his labors in Arkansas, Missouri, Mississip- 
pi, North Carolina, Virginia and other 
Southern States gave him a rare oppor- 
tunity to acquaint himself with the customs 
and habits of the people of those sections; 
and his after conversations about them and 
their ways were regarded by his friends as 
being "as entertaining as a lecture." As 
sheriff he was known for his utter fearless- 
ness in the discharge of his duty. On sev- 
eral occassions he arrested parties who 
drew revolvers and knives on him, but 
Sheriff Pulcifer was always quick and strong 
enough to arrest his man without serious in- 
jury, although he was wounded on one oc- 
casion, necessitating a painful and dangerous 
surgical operation. 

On July 6, 1856, Mr. Pulcifer was mar- 
ried at Oasis, Waushara Co., Wis., to Miss 
Anna E. Wright, a native of New York 
State, born May 26, 1840, whence when a 
girl she accompanied her parents, Orvil and 
Emily Wright, to Wisconsin, their first new 
western home being made at Kenosha. Mr. 
Wright was a well-to-do farmer, who drove 
his own team all the way from New York 
State to Wisconsin. To Mr. and Mrs. D. H. 
Pulcifer were born children as follows: Or- 
vil W. , who was a farmer in South Dakota, 
dj'ing there at the age of twenty-seven 
years; John H., a prosperous merchant of 
Shawano, who married Laura E. McLaugh- 
lin, at White Lake, S. D., in 1S85; Charles, 
deceased in infancy, and Mary E., now 
Mrs. Anton Kuckuk, of Shawano. In his 
political preferences Mr. Pulcifer has always 



been a stanch Republican since the organi- 
zation of that party, and he was the first 
man, in the Republican State Convention 
of 1880, to vote for Gen. Grant (as a dele- 
gate from the First Senatorial District). 
During the Harrison Convention of 1892, 
held at Minneapolis, he was appointed mes- 
senger, duties of importance and secrecy 
connected with the Convention being en- 
trusted to him. It is a notable fact that he 
was never beaten as a candidate for office, 
and that he always ran largely ahead of his 
ticket. Few men have done more effective 
work for their party; but in the performance 
of official duties he knew no party, no friend, 
no enemy — he simply did his duty, and al- 
ways did it well. Socially Mr. Pulcifer is a 
Freemason, and was instrumental in estab- 
lishing a Lodge of that Fraternity at Sha- 
wano. He has always been a total abstain- 
er, and has taken a more or less active part 
in the temperance cause, for several j-ears 
past having been a prominent member of 
the Temple of Honor in Wisconsin, in which 
Order he in 18S3-84 was grand chief tem- 
plar of the State. 

Mr. Pulcifer owns one of the finest pri- 
vate collections of minerals, curios, etc., to 
be found in the State, many of which are of 
much value; and besides what he has in his 
own cabinet he has presented many interest- 
ing specimens to the Wisconsin State His- 
torical Society and to Lawrence University, 
Appleton. His collection is the result of 
fifteen years research throughout the several 
States he has visited, and to give an idea as 
to its value it may be further mentioned 
that Mr. Pulcifer carries an insurance on it 
of $500.00. He has amassed considerable 
property, owns a pleasant home in Sha- 
wano, with large, fine, well-kept lawn, 
shaded with pines and oaks. The village of 
Pulcifer, in Green Valley township, Sha- 
wano county, was named in his honor. Such 
is a brief sketch of one of Wisconsin's typi- 
cal self-made men and representative suc- 
cessful business citizens, one possessed of 
much natural ability, supported by a due al- 
lowance of courage, acumen and, perhaps 
best of all, sound judgment in all his acts, 
and to be relied upon as a friend under all 

HON. P. B. CHAMPAGNE (deceased). 
The gentleman, whose life we pro- 
pose to here briefly sketch, in his day 
laid no claims to political distinction, 
far less to military renown. His triumphs 
may have been of a less brilliant order; but 
whether less associated with the well-being 
of his race, and with developing the re- 
sources, and fortifying the powers of the na- 
tion than those of a political leader or a 
military chieftain, the true friends of human- 
ity must judge. 

Mr. Champagne was a Canadian by birth, 
born in St. Felix de Valois, Jolliette county. 
Province of Quebec, December 8, 1845, son 
of Nelson and Amelia Champagne, well-to- 
do farming people, natives of France, who 
emigrated to Canada, where they married 
and had children as follows: Three sons — 
P. B., John N. and Nasaire — and two daugh- 
ters — Mrs. L. Coulters and Mrs. R. Bressett, 
of whom two sons and two daughters are 
living with their widowed mother at the old 
home in Canada; the father died several 
years ago. At the schools of his place of 
birth our subject received his education, and 
when seventeen years old, in 1862, he came 
to Wisconsin, locating at Grand Rapids, 
Wood county, where he found employment 
with Francis Byron, a lumberman, with 
whom he worked some time, later, for one 
winter, lumbering for H. A. Keyes, who aft- 
erward said of Mr. Champagne: " He was 
a hard worker, one who took as much inter- 
est in my affairs as if they were his own, and 
I never employed a better man." After that 
winter Mr. Champagne returned to the em- 
ploy of Mr. Byron, and with him remained, 
in the capacity of superintendent of logging, 
until embarking in business for his own ac- 
count. For two years he followed mercan- 
tile trade at Wausau, Marathon county, aft- 
er which he returned to the lumber business, 
continuing to make his home, however, in 
Wausau until 1880. When he sold out his 
store at Wausau he moved to Grand P"ather 
Rock Falls, Lincoln county, where his fam- 
ily spent their winters, their real home being 
in Wausau, in order to be near his logging 
interests, and the post office at that place 
was named in his honor. When the town 
of Rock Falls was organized he represented 




it at the county board three years. In 1882 
he moved to Merrill (at that time called 
"Jenny"), Lincoln county, and he rerepre- 
sented the town of Jenny at the county 
board. In 1881 he incorporated the Lin- 
coln Lumber Co., from which he soon after- 
ward withdrew, and built the mill now owned 
by the Champagne Lumber Co. ; then or- 
ganized the P. B. Champagne Lumber Co., 
he being president and treasurer. This con- 
cern was in turn succeeded by the Cham- 
pagne Lumber Co., our subject being treas- 
urer and general manager thereof, which 
position he was filling at the time of his 
death. He was the most extensive lumber- 
man on the Wisconsin river, and was pos- 
sessed of superior business ability, which 
enabled him to weather every financial storm, 
of which, in his wide and long experience, 
there were not a few. 

Mr. Champagne passed from earth July 
I, 1 89 1, after an illness of four weeks, and 
had the largest and most imposing funeral 
ever held in Merrill. It was conducted un- 
der the auspices of the Masonic fraternity, 
special trains bringing mourning friends and 
brother Masons from Wausau, Grand Rapids, 
Marshfield, Stevens Point and many other 
places. He was a most progressive business 
man, engaged in many enterprises, was very 
public-spirited, and made many friends, 
who one and all mourned the taking 
away of a good citizen. In the early 
days of Lincoln county he was a con- 
spicuous member of all the Republican 
gatherings, for a long time was chairman of 
the Republican County Committee, and to 
him was due in the main, the success of that 
party in the county. In 1883 he was sent 
to the Assembly to represent his District, but 
declined re-election, though he served with 
distinction and eminent ability. In Merrill 
he did the heaviest mercantile business of 
any, and was never tired of giving both time 
and money toward the advancement and 
prosperity of that then rising young city. 
To the stock of the First National Bank of 
Merrill he was one of the first to subscribe, 
and was vice-president of the Merrill Rail- 
way and Lighting Co. Socially, he was an 
enthusiastic Free Mason, and at the time of 
his death was of the 32nd degree. Prom- 

inent among his numerous friends was Alex- 
ander Stewart — a bosom friend, he may be 
called — who was Mr. Champagne's first 
backer in business. Truly he was a remark- 
able man, one at all times commanding the 
esteem of his fellowmen — rich and poor 
alike — for he was universally esteemed and 

On July 29, 1 87 1, Mr. Champagne was 
married, at Nile, Allegany Co., N. Y. , to 
Miss Alice G. Coon, youngest daughter of 
Elijah H. and Prudence (Bowler) Coon, and 
three children were born to them — Percy 
Beaugrand, now (September, 1895), twenty- 
three years old, a graduate of Ann Arbor, 
Mich., class of '94 (he is practicing law in 
Detroit, Mich.); Marie and Stella, attending 
school at Kenosha, Wisconsin. 

WR. BINKELMAN. There is per- 
haps no more prominent busi- 
ness man in the northern part of 
Waupaca county than Mr. Binkel- 
man. He has been farmer, school teacher 
and merchant, and, on his way upward to a 
comfortable competence, has also engaged in 
various other vocations. His present mer- 
cantile establishment is the largest in the 
village of Marion. 

Mr. Binkelman was born in Joliet, 111., 
in 1849, son of Leonard and Jane (McCor- 
mick) Binkelman, the father a native of 
Germany, the mother of Irish extraction. 
Leonard Binkelman was a ship builder by 
trade, and for many years was a resident of 
Joliet, removing thence in 1852 to Manito- 
woc, Wis., where he also followed his trade. 
Mrs. Binkelman died in 1894, and he now 
resides with his son, W. R. , at Marion. 
Their children were: W. R. ; Mary Jane, 
wife of William Clark, of Manitowoc; Fred, 
and Emma E., wife of John Bodwin, of 
East Gibson, Manitowoc county. W. R. 
Binkelman was reared in Manitowoc, and 
after leaving the schools there clerked in a 
grocery store for some time, after which 
for about ten years he was engaged in the 
confectionery business at Manitowoc. In 
1872 Mr. Binkelman moved to Shawano 
county, and there engaged in farming, teach- 
ing school and speculating in land for several 



years, teaching in Grant and Belle Plaine 
townships, and also in Uupont township, 
Waupaca county. In 1876, he removed to 
the latter township, locating on a tract of 
land one and half miles distant from Mar- 
ion. Three years later he opened a hard- 
ware store at Marion, where he has since 
been continuously in business. There was 
only one store in the village when he located 
there, that of McDonald & Ramsdell, a firm 
which has since gone out of business. The 
village contained but three houses, Mr. 
Binkelman erecting the fifth building, but 
there is now a population of 800, and it is 
still growing rapidly. He erected his pres- 
ent building, a good two-story frame, in 
1 88 1, and carries a full line of hardware 
and farm machinery, the most valuable stock 
of goods in Dupont township. He is a 
notary public, and for thirteen years, up to 
January i, 1895, he was in the insurance 
business. In earlier life Mr. Binkelman 
filed cross-cut saws and adopted various 
other honest and honorable means of obtain- 
ing a start in life, and he began business at 
Marion with onlj' $350, his present exten- 
sive trade testifying to his abundant, per- 
haps unequalled, success at this point. 

Mr. Binkelman was married, in 1871, 
to Miss Mary M. Ramsdell, who was born 
in Manitowoc Rapids, daughter of Erastus 
Ramsdell, an early pioneer of Manitowoc 
country, who subsequently moved to Dupont 
township, where he died in 1890. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Binkelman came six children, five 
of whom are now living: Olla A., Irvine, 
Luella, Lindon J. and Murrell. Mark died 
at the age of eight years. In politics Mr. 
Binkelman is a Republican, and socially he 
is a charter member of Marion Lodge No. 
256, I. O. O. F. , in which he has passed all 
the Chairs, and is now serving as chaplain. 
He attends the M. E. Church, and his eld- 
est daughter, Olla A., is superintendent of 
the Sunday-school of that flourishing Church. 
In January, 1895, Mr. Binkelman was elect- 
ed chairman of Dupont township; he was 
clerk of the courts of Waupaca county from 
1884 to 1888; was postmaster at Marion 
under President Harrison from 1888 to 1892, 
resigning in the latter year; has been town 
clerk of Dupont for five years; in January, 

1895, ^^^s appointed chairman of the town 
board, and, in the spring of that year 
was elected chairman, receiving 241 votes 
out of a total of 307, a fact which testifies 
better than words to his popularity. He is 
well known throughout Waupaca county, 
and commands the esteem and good fellow- 
ship of all who know him. 

JEFF. WOODNORTH, publisher and 
editor of the Waupaca Record, is a na- 
tive of New York City, son of Paul S. 
and Sarah (Astley) Woodnorth, both 
natives of Stourbridge, Worcestershire, Eng- 

Paul S. Woodnorth was born January 
16, 18 1 5, and when a boy was apprenticed 
by his widowed mother to a tailor. He 
learned the trade, and at nineteen ran away 
and worked his passage to America aboard a 
sailing vessel, landing at New York, after 
six weeks at sea, with one cent in his pocket. 
He found employment in the new city, and 
for eleven years worked faithfully at his 
trade, then, in 1845, revisited his old home 
in England. Returning, he established him- 
self in business at the corner of 29th street 
and Third avenue, New York City, prosper- 
ing until fire (during the winter of 1848-49) 
destro3"ed his shop and left him penniless. 
The gold excitement was then intense, and 
selling his lot Mr. Woodnorth started for 
California via the Isthmus. He was suc- 
cessful in prospecting at first, and later 
found employment as a cook. In accident- 
ally purchasing supplies in excess he sold 
the surplus at a profit so great that a new 
business opened before his eyes, and he 
quickly seized the opportunity. He pur- 
chased a schooner and plied between vari- 
ous points, making money rapidly, until his 
clerk during a trip absconded with all his 
effects, and left him bankrupt. He began 
mining again, but in 185 1 he returned to 
New York City and resumed his trade. 

Here he was married to Mrs. Sarah 
(Astley) Page, widow of Joseph H. Page 
and daughter of Robert Astley. Mr. Wood- 
north adopted the children of Mrs. Page, and 
bestowed upon them his name. In addition 
to his tailoring establishment a china store 



was added, which his wife conducted. 
Owing to Mrs. Woodnorth's failing health 
Mr. Woodnorth bargained in New York for 
some land in Royalton township, Waupaca 
Co., Wis., on misrepresentation paying an 
exorbitant price for the same, and in 1856 
started with his family by lake for his new 
western home. The first improvement had 
yet to be made on the property. Mr. Wood- 
north secured the services of two men to 
build a log house while he boarded at a 
neighbor's. Eighteen months later he 
traded the farm for twenty acres in Section 
32, Waupaca township, moving thereon and 
following his trade of tailoring while the 
boys did a little farming. About this time 
Mr. Woodnorth put to use the experience 
as a cook which he had picked up on his 
voyage to California, and secured a position 
as cook for a gang of men who were con- 
structing a railroad through Waupaca 
county. In 1869 he sold his land and re- 
moved to Waupaca, where for some years 
he remained in business. Mrs. Woodnorth 
died in January, 1882; Mr. Woodnorth is 
still living, a well-preserved old gentleman 
of eighty years. The children who attained 
majority are as follows: Joseph H., now 
United States pension agent at Milwaukee, 
a veteran of Company G, Twenty-first Wis. 
V. I., and for many years a prominent drug- 
gist at Waupaca; Franklin S., who served 
in Company I, Seventeenth Wis. V. I., and is 
now a druggist at Manawa, Wis. ; Amelia P. , 
wife of Thomas Pipe, hardware merchant, at 
Waupaca; Jeff., the subject of this sketch; 
George R., of Bayfield county. Wis., and 
Isabel E., now Mrs. Frank Houseman, of 

Jeff. Woodnorth was a pupil in the " Old 
White School " at Waupaca, under the in- 
struction of Mrs. Marcus Burham, now of 
Lind. He displayed little aptitude for farm 
work, but was eager for an education, and 
received special instruction from several 
principals who were later at the head of 
the Waupaca schools. Possessing a re- 
tentive memory, he learned rapidly and 
looked forward to a liberal education; but 
at the age of eighteen he found himself en- 
gaged in his life work. He had entered the 
office of the Waupaca County Republican, 

and seven years later was its foreman and 
job printer, when he went to Oshkosh with 
his employer, C. M. Bright, who had pur- 
chased the Oshkosh Times. Six months 
later Mr. Woodnorth returned to Waupaca; 
then for four years he was on his father's 
farm in Lanark township. Portage county, 
keeping " bachelor hall " with his brother. 
In January, 1885, he entered the law of- 
fice of E. L. Browne, as a student, and two- 
and-a-half years later was about ready to 
take his examination for admission to the 
bar, when he was induced to become fore- 
man of the Waupaca Post, then edited by 
E. E. Gordon. A few months later, in 
August, 1887, he took charge of the paper 
as editor, and in April, 1888, he and his 
brother George purchased a one-fourth in- 
terest in the paper, Mr. Woodnorth remain- 
ing in charge. The brothers sold their in- 
terest to Mr. Gordon in December, 1889, 
and in June, 1890, Mr. Woodnorth became 
editor of The Tozoiier A^czus and Stockman 
at Towner, McHenry Co., N. Dak., remain- 
ing until January i, 1891. In March, 1891, 
he entered the office of the Waupaca County 
Republican as job printer and all-round 
newspaperman, remaining until March 13, 
1893, when he purchased a half interest in 
the job office, which later became part of 
the Waupaca Record plant, D. L. Stinch- 
field being his partner. The first number 
of the Record was issued from this office 
March 17, 1894, with Stinchfield & Wood- 
north as proprietors. Three months later 
Mr. Woodnorth became sole proprietor, 
and has since conducted the paper. The 
Record is a weekly, 16-page, 3-column pa- 
per, the form being original in the office 
where used, and quite a deviation from the 
usual form of newspapers. It is non-parti- 
san in politics, and an advocate of good gov- 
ernment. The growth of the Record has 
been phenomenal, probably without a paral- 
lel as regards circulation and popularity. 

tired merchant and business man, 
has spent a lifetime of activity and 
usefulness in Marathon county, and 
is one of its most worthy and highly- 



respected citizens. He was born in Cort- 
land county, N. Y. , May 24, 1823, and is 
a son of George A. and Abigail (Lull) Stro- 
bridge, both natives of the Empire State. 
Of their seven children four survive: Mrs. 
Sophrona Cook, widow of Henry Cook, liv- 
ing at Salt Lake, Utah; James, residing in 
Michigan; Cyrus, the subject of this sketch; 
and Julia, widow of the late Joshua C. 
Kline, of Bradford county. Peon. The 
mother died when Cyrus was about one- 
year old, and the father about the year of 
1855, removed to Merrill, Wis., where he 
died in 1866. 

Our subject attended the common 
schools of his home in New York State, and 
when fourteen years of age went to Yates 
county, N. Y. , where he worked on a farm 
until he was twenty-one years old. Then 
he removed to Bradford county, Penn., 
whither his father in the meantime had re- 
moved. Here he was engaged in lumber- 
ing for several years, and quite naturally 
became interested in the great lumbering 
regions of northern Wisconsin. According- 
ly, in 1848 he came west, locating at what 
is now called Pine River, about five miles 
from Merrill, Lincoln county, where for 
three years he engaged in lumbering pursuits. 
In 1 85 I Mr. Strobridge returned to Bradford 
county. Penn., where he was married, in 
1852, to Miss Lydia Jane, daughter of John 
and Alvina Kline, natives of that county. 
Remaining in Pennsylvania for about five 
years, engaging there at farming, Mr. Stro- 
bridge in 1856 again started for the great 
Northwest, this time with a family. At 
Merrill (then called "Jenny ") he built the 
pioneer hotel, calling it the "Jenny House," 
and for seven years he provided accommoda- 
tions for man and beast at this outpost of 
an advancing wave of civilization, during 
which time he served four years as post- 
master (the first postmaster at that place), 
also as first assessor. He then disposed of 
his hotel business and engaged in mercantile 
pursuits. In the spring of 1870 he sold his 
stock of merchandise and removed to Wau- 
sau, where he has since resided, excepting 
the two years (1880 to 1882) he was again 
in business at Merrill. During his career as 
a merchant at Wausau Mr. Strobridge built 

up a large trade, and became one of the 
leading business men of the city; of late 
years he has retired from active life. 

Mr. Strobridge is a stanch Republican, 
but has never aspired for office, though he 
has served several terms as assessor and 
supervisor of Marathon county. Of his four 
children, three survive: Sarah, wife of Wal- 
ter Alexander (a prominent lumberman of 
Wausau, and a member of the firm of Alex- 
ander, Stewart & Co.), Libbie, and France 
D. The family attend the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Mr. Strobridge has been an 
upright, honorable business man, and his 
successful career has been alike creditable to 
himself and to Marathon county. 

EDWARD C. KRETLOW, the popu- 
lar and efficient register of deeds for 
Marathon county, is a splendid type 
of the self-made man. He has en- 
ergy, decision, integrity, affability. He has 
aims in life, and he sets resolutely about to 
attain those aims. He has been a man of 
action, and in his constant contact with men 
he has, by his manner and character, creat- 
ed a favorable impression. Few men are 
more popular than he. 

Mr. Kretlow was born in Germany, July 
22, 1852, a son of Edward and Frederica 
(Schmidt) Kretlow. In 1855 the parents 
with their family left the Fatherland for 
America, and landing at New York at once 
proceeded westward to Wisconsin, locating 
at Milwaukee. Here for many years the 
father was a cigar manufacturer; he is still 
living at that city a hearty old gentleman of 
seventy-five years. His faithful wife passed 
from earth December 19, 1893. To Edward 
and Frederica Kretlow seven children were 
born, five of whom survive, as follows: Louis, 
who conducts Kretlow's dancing academy, at 
No. 401-403 Webster avenue, Chicago; 
Emil, of Wausau; Edward C, subject of 
this sketch; Otto, of Milwaukee, and Julius, 
of Chicago. The family has inherited mu- 
sical talent of a high order, and can play 
any instrument. Three of the sons — Louis, 
Emil and Otto — are leaders of musical bands. 
Our subject received his education in the 
public schools of Milwaukee, and he also 



took a course in the Spencer Business Col- 
lege, of that city, graduating from the insti- 
tution in 1866, at the age of fourteen years. 
He had also, by that time, learned the trade 
of cigar maker from his father. In 1866 he 
came to Wausau, and for three years he was 
a salesman, and also deputy register of 
deeds. From 186910 1S71 he lived at Chi- 
cago, where he followed his trade as a cigar 
manufacturer. Returning to Wausau in 1 87 1 , 
he for three years engaged in the insurance 
business with C. H. Mueller; then in 1874 
he again took up the manufacture of cigars, 
and continued in the business uninterrupted- 
ly until 1893. During this period he was 
also bookkeeper for Heinemann Bros. , of 
Wausau, from 1882 to 188S. In the latter 
year he was elected city clerk, and he filled 
that office for two years; then in 1890 he was 
elected register of deeds, and in November, 
1894, was re-elected to that important coun- 
ty office, on the Democratic ticket. 

Mr. Kretlow was married in Wausau, in 
1873, to Miss Johanna Starge, daughter of 
Gotlieb and Frederica Starge, natives of Ger- 
many. To this union one child has come, 
Louis T., who was born May 18, 1874, and 
is now deputy register of deeds for Marathon 
county. Mr. Kretlow is a member of Wau- 
sau Lodge No. 215, I. 0.0. F. , also of the 
Sons of Hermann, the A. O. U. W., Ameri- 
can Legion of Honor, and other minor so- 
cieties. In political views he is an earnest 
Democrat, and he is an active worker in the 
ranks of that party. 

was one of the first settlers of An- 
tigo, Langlade county, and comes 
of well-known New England ances- 
tors, who have been mostly farmers, and 
also active in religious matters, being iden- 
tified with the Congregational Church. 

The parents of our subject were Ansel 
and Salome (Graves) Bridgman, the former 
of whom was born in Northampton, Mass., 
in 1802, and was a Congregational minister. 
The father of Ansel was Joseph Bridg- 
man, who married Mary Judd, and they had 
eight children. The Bridgmans date their 
ancestry back to James Bridgman, who came 

to this country in 1640 from Winchester, 
England, and our subject is of the eighth 
generation, and is the only son of his par- 
ents. Ansel Bridgman was first married in 
Massachusetts to Salome Graves, who died 
in 1836. He then, in 1837, married Sarep- 
ta Pool, and died in 1838. No children 
were born of this union. Mrs. Bridgman 
afterward married a Mr. Ellsworth, and 
they had one son, Ansel, who lives in Lud- 
ington, Michigan. 

Edward P. Bridgman, the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Huntsburg, Ohio, 
March 7, 1834, and when five j'ears of age 
was adopted by his uncle, John Bridgman, 
who lived in Northampton, Mass , and was 
a farmer. Here Edward lived until he was 
of age, in the meantime pursuing his stud- 
ies at the State Normal School in Westfield, 
Mass. In 1856 he went to Kansas, enlisted 
under the famous John Brown, and was in 
the fight at Ossawatomie. Owing to polit- 
ical conditions and pro-slavery sentiment of 
Missouri, it was unsafe to remain, so he re- 
turned to his former home, and again took 
up his studies in the Normal School, from 
which institution he was graduated in i860. 
In August, 1862, he enlisted as a private in 
the Thirty-seventh Mass. V. I., and served 
three years in the Army of the Potomac, 
being in seventeen battles and engagements, 
but escaping without a wound. His first 
battle was that of Fredericsburg, his last 
being the memorable one at which Lee sur- 
rendered in 1865. 

After his discharge from the arm}' in 
1865, Mr. Bridgman returned to Northamp- 
ton, Mass., and engaged in the boot and 
shoe business, which he carried on some 
eight years. In 1874 became to Wiscon- 
sin, and was connected with a trading post 
store on the Menominee reservation, remain- 
ing there four years. In 1879 Mr. Bridg- 
man took up a homestead in Polar town- 
ship, Langlade county, being piloted to his 
new home by Indians, Mrs. Bridgman rid- 
ing a pony for thirty miles. Here they lived 
three years, cleared seven acres of land, 
enduring some hardships, but being fairly 
prospered in their work. In the fall of 1882 
they returned east, on a visit, and remained 
until June of the following year, when they 



came back to the farm. In October of that 
year they settled in Antigo, and Mr. Bridg- 
man started a store, but did not continue it 
very long. Since that time he has dealt in 
real estate, and in 1888 became interested 
in a broom-handle factory. In 1893 a stock 
company was formed for this industry, in 
which Mr. Bridgman took stock, and was 
made one of the directors and also secretary 
of the company. 

Our subject was married January i, 
1877, on the Indian reserv-ation, to Miss 
Sophia B. Dresser, who was born at Goshen, 
Hampshire Co., Mass., March 30, 1846, a 
daughter of Caleb C. and Julia M. (White) 
Dresser. In this family were eight children, 
as follows: Sophia B., Albert B., Helen 
M., Edward W., Charles, Martha H., Laura 
M., and Hattie F, , also two that died in 
infancy. The father, who was a carpenter 
and millwright, was born in Peru, Mass., 
December 19, 1813, and died at Goshen, 
same State, March 25, 1880. His father, 
Moses Dresser, was also a native of Massa- 
chusetts. The Dresser family date back for 
many years, and are characterized by their 
anti-slavery sentiments and strong character. 
Caleb Cushman, Grandmother Dresser's 
father, was a descendant of Robert Cush- 
man — one of the Pilgrim Fathers, who was 
born about the year 1580 — and Mary Aller- 
ton, the youngest passenger on the "May- 
flower." He preached the first sermon 
ever printed in America. This was in 
Plymouth, Mass., where a fine monument 
has been erected to his memory. In early 
times they were mostly farmers, but later 
were engaged largely in the professions, 
many being ministers and missionaries. 
Mrs. Julia White Dresser, mother of Mrs. 
Bridgman, was the daughter of Deacon Ben- 
jamin White, a farmer, who was born in 
Massachusetts, and was the son of William 
White. The family was a very prominent 
one in the early history of that State, and 
succeeding generations find them well known 
in the professional as well as the mercantile 
world. Mrs. Dresser died June 26, 1877. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Bridgman five children 
have been born, of whom two died in in- 
fancy; the others are: Edward P., Jr., 
born July 13, 1880; Lewis W., born August 

28, 1882, and Robert W., born June 16, 

Mr. Bridgman is a self-made man. and 
is highly respected in the community. He 
is a Republican, but is no politician. He is 
a charter member of the Congregational 
Church in Antigo, and a deacon in the same. 
He is a member of the Blue Lodge, F. & 
A. M., and also of John A. Kellogg Post, 
G. A. R. Mr. Bridgman's uncle and adopt- 
ed father, John Bridgman, was a strong 
anti-slavery man, and an intimate friend of 
those great humanitarians, ^^'illiam Lloyd 
Garrison, Wendell Phillips and Fred Doug- 
lass. Indeed, on both his own and his 
wife's side, Mr. Bridgman has good reason 
to be proud of his family, who have some 
of the best blood in the country in their 
veins, and who were people distinguished 
for their integrity, religious characters, and 
progressive ideas. 

JAMES McCROSSEN, a retired lumber- 
man and merchant of Wausau, Mara- 
thon county, is a living instance of the 
marked success which may come to a 
man possessed of willing hands, clear brain 
and correct principles in life. He is essen- 
tially a self-made man, one who began 
lumbering when a mere child, and has since 
advanced steadily onward. The interests 
which he now control are vast and varied, 
and their acquisition he owes to his own in- 
domitable energy. 

Mr. McCrossen was born in Carleton, 
New Brunswick, February 13, 1829, son of 
Robert and Elizabeth (McCrossen) McCros- 
sen, both of whom were of Irish birth and 
Scotch ancestry. Robert McCrossen emi- 
grated to New Brunswick in 1822, residing 
in Carleton ten years, and then removed to- 
the parish of Lancaster, St. John county, 
where for eleven years he engaged in lum- 
bering and agricultural pursuits. Thence he 
removed to Bailie, near St. Andrews, Char- 
lotte county, same province, dying in 1887, 
at the advanced age of eighty-seven years. 
His faithful wife passed away at Musquash, 
parish of Lancaster, St. John county, in 
1840. Of their nine children, five are yet 
living, as follows: John, one of the pio- 



neers of Portage county, and now a resident 
of Waupaca county, Wis. ; James, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Jane, wife of M. M. 
Patridge, a prominent merchant of Wausau; 
Ehzabeth, widow of the late George Fur- 
nald, of Wausau; and George, a prominent 
farmer of Marathon county. Of the de- 
ceased, Isabella (wife of W. P. Quist, an 
early settler of Waupaca county, now living 
at Rural), died in April, 1895; Thomas (a 
veteran of the Civil war), died in April, 
1895, at the Soldiers' Home, Waupaca; and 
Ann (Mrs. MacAllister), died May 20, 1895. 
In his childhood James McCrossen at- 
tended the district schools of Lancaster 
parish, "St. John Co., N. B., but was 
evidently born for an active rather than a 
scholastic life, for at the early age of thir- 
teen years, in 1842, he left home and went 
to Calais, Maine, where for eight years, or 
until he became of age, he worked at lum- 
bering. He then came west, locating at 
Oshkosh, Wis., in 1850, when that city 
was a small village, and for two years fol- 
lowed lumbering on the Wolf river. Then, 
in 1852, he removed to Waupaca county, 
and for eighteen years was actively engaged 
in developing its rich primitive resources. 
For eight years he followed lumbering and 
farming, then in 1 860 he engaged in flour- 
milling and mercantile pursuits. In all this 
he prospered, and in 1 868 he started another 
venture, a general mercantile business at 
Wausau, in connection with W. P. Quint. 
In 1870 he sold out his interests in Wau- 
paca county, and by purchase obtained sole 
possession of the Wausau business, remov- 
ing to that thriving little city. Giving it his 
exclusive attention, this mercantile trade 
grew rapidly. In 1878 it had assumed 
large proportions, and in that year he sold 
a one-third interest to his son, J. A. Mc- 
Crossen, a one-third interest to W. F. Col- 
lins, and retired from the active management 
of the business. In the same year he pur- 
chased a half interest in the Wausau Lum- 
ber Co. 's mill, and was actively connected 
with its management four years. In 1S82 
he sold his interest to Kno.x Bros., and re- 
sumed lumbering and logging on the Wis- 
consin river until 1887 — in which year he 
associated with Ale.xander Stewart, J. E. 

Lahoe and William Atwater, and organized 
the Montreal Lumber Co., with J. E. 
Leahy president, James McCrossen vice- 
president, and Alexander Stewart treasurer. 
Later Messrs. Leahy and Atwater sold their 
interests to Messrs. Moon & Knight, Mr. 
Moon becoming president. In 1891 Mr. 
McCrossen sold his interests in the company 
to the Alexander Stewart Lumber Co. , and 
retired from active business life. 

Mr. McCrossen was married, at Rural, 
Waupaca county, July 4, 1853, to Miss 
Cornelia A. Jones, daughter of J. H. and 
Nancy Jones, natives of New York and early 
settlers in Waupaca county. Of the seven 
children of Mr. and Mrs. McCrossen five 
survive, as follows: Julien A., of Everett, 
Wash.; Ellen I., wife of Lyman Thyar, of 
Everett, Wash. ; Charles A., of Antigo, Wis. ; 
Elizabeth, wife of H. H. Grace, of West 
Superior, Wis.; and Henry G., a merchant 
of Wausau. James M. (deceased), who 
comes between Ellen and Charles, was at 
one time a resident of St. Paul, Minn. ; Kit- 
tie, the youngest, died January 2, 1881, 
aged two years and five months. Since his 
retirement from active life Mr. McCrossen 
has spent his winters in southern California. 
He is largely interested in timber land and 
real estate, and is the owner of 12,000 acres 
of timber land in Wisconsin, situated in 
Marathon, Price, Taylor and Lincoln coun- 
ties. He also owns considerable farming 
land in South Dakota, has extensive landed 
holdings at Everett, Wash., and has erected 
some of the finest business blocks in Wausau. 

In politics Mr. McCrossen is a Republi- 
can, and for two terms he served as chair- 
man of the county board. He is a member 
of Forest Lodge No. 130, F. & A. M., 
Wausau Chapter No. 51, R. A. M., and St. 
Omer Commandery No. 19. The family 
attend the Universalist Church. He is a 
typical self-made man, and during his twen- 
ty-five years' residence at Wausau he has 
been one of its most progressive oitizens, ac- 
tively interesting himself in all measures 
tending to advance the interests and welfare 
of the county. No man deserves greater 
credit for the wonderful progress Wausau 
has made in mercantile and manufacturing 
affairs than James McCrossen. 



JOHN R. BABCOCK. There are few 
men more worthy of representation in 
a work of this kind than the subject of 
this biography, who for several years has 
been prominently connected with the busi- 
ness interests of Merrill, Lincoln county, of 
which fine city he is the present maj'or. 
He is a native of New York State, having 
been born at Albany May 19, 1855, a son of 
James H. Babcock, who was born, in 1826, 
in Otsego county, N. Y. The paternal 
grandfather, Richardson Babcock, was a na- 
tive of Connecticut, born there in 1798, and 
was a carpenter by trade; building many of 
the best residences and business blocks in 
Otsego county, N. Y. He married a Miss 
Robinson, who came to this country from 
the Emerald Isle, and they became the 
parents of five children — Adelia, Sarah, 
James H., Samuel and Mary. His wife 
died in New York in 1864, and he departed 
this life in 1875, at the age of seventy- 
seven. He had followed contracting until 
within a few years of his death, when he 
retired to a small piece of land he owned 
near Schenevus, Otsego county. 

James H. Babcock, father of our sub- 
ject, was educated in the common schools, 
remaining under the parental roof until his 
marriage in 1848, at which time he had at- 
tained his twenty-fourth year. The lady of 
his choice was Mary A. Herdman, who was 
born in Westford, Otsego Co., N. Y. , in 
1832, a daughter of John and Clarissa 
(Smith) Herdman, who were the parents of 
si.x children — Mar}' A., Martha, Georgiana, 
Julia, Louisa and David. Her father was a 
harness maker by trade, which he followed 
in early life, but later took up farming. His 
first wife died in 1844, and subsequently he 
married a Miss Wright, by whom he had 
four sons — Eugene, Charles, John and 
Everett. The father died in New York 
State about the year 1874. Mr. Babcock 
had five children: Frank M., John R., 
Clara L. , Mary and Georgiana. 

After his marriage James H. Babcock 
removed to Albany, N. Y. , where he re- 
mained until 1855, serving as bookkeeper 
for a commercial house. In that year he 
came west, locating in Wausau, Wis., and 
then formed a partnership with one Flet- 

cher in the lumber business which continued 
until 1858. when he kept a hotel, or station 
house, at Knowlton until the fall of 1859, 
at which time he was elected register of 
deeds of Marathon county. After his election 
to that office he removed his family to the 
city of Wausau, and held the office for six 
years, being elected by the Democratic 
party, of which he was a stanch supporter, 
taking an active part in politics. He died 
in Wausau in 1867. The mother of our 
subject still makes that place her home; she 
is now the wife of Henry French. 

The primary education of John R. Bab- 
cock was obtained in the common schools, 
after which he attended the high school 
of Wausau, later taking a course at Law- 
rence Universit}', Appleton, Wis., where 
for six months he paid his own tuition 
with money he had earned at the age of 
twelve years by clerking for Mr. Cham- 
pagne, and later for James McCrossen, 
where he remained two years. After his 
return from school he served as bookkeeper 
in a private bank two years, and for the 
same length of time kept books in a store; 
then at the age of nineteen, with the money 
he had saved, he purchased some land from 
which he cut the timber. This was in the 
winter of 1874-75. In the spring of 1877 
he went to Kansas for the benefit of his 
health, and there carried on agricultural 
pursuits until 1S80. On his return to .Wis- 
consin he located at Merrill, where he en- 
gaged in clerking in Mr. Champagne's store, 
when the same company built a sawmill 
in which he became bookkeeper and time- 
keeper, serving thus for one year. In the 
fall of 1882 Mr. Babcock embarked in the 
lumber business, acting part of the time as 
expert lumberman, and the remainder as 
expert accountant until 1889, when he be- 
gan the insurance and real-estate business. 
Selling out in 1894, he in company with 
Mr. Norway purchased the plant of the 
Wolf River Lumber Co., and established 
the Norway Box & Lumber Co. , which now 
has a fine trade and is one of the leading 
enterprises of Merrill. 

In September, 1882, Mr. Babcock was 
married to Josephine O'Neil, who was born 
in Wood county, Wis., and by her marriage 




has become the mother of two interesting 
sons — West O. and John R., Jr. Mr. 
Babcock takes great interest in the welfare of 
Merrill and the surrounding country', and is 
now serving as secretary of the Business 
Men's Association. He is enterprising and 
progressive in his ideas, and aids in every 
object for the good of the community. 
Politically he identities himself with the 
Democratic party, being one of its stalwart 
supporters. He served as member of the 
city council from the Second ward; has also 
been city comptroller, and in 1889 and 
1890 was city assessor, in which offices he 
served faithfully and well. In April, 1895, 
he was elected mayor of Merrill, having 
been nominated by both the Democratic 
party and the Republican party, his oppo- 
nent being a Populist, Mr. Babcock receiving 
a majority of nearly 500 votes. 

CARL F. PAFF, treasurer of Mara- 
thon county, is one of the promi- 
nent and progressive merchants of 
Wausau, the city of his birth. He 
was born there April 23, 1861, son of Jacob 
and Sophia (Doell) Paff. The father emi- 
grated from Germany in the fall of 1848, 
and after spending the winter in Columbia 
county, Wis., came in the spring of 1849 to 
Wausau; Mrs. Paff came from Germany in 
1853, was married in Watertown, Wis., 
and died at Wausau in February, 1889, 
where Jacob Paff resided until his death 
May 6, 1895, ^'^ honored citizen, and vice- 
president of the First National Bank. 

Carl F. Paff attended the village schools, 
and also took a four-years' course in the 
German and English Academy at Elmhurst, 
III. Graduating at that institution, he com- 
pleted a course of bookkeeping at R. C. 
Spencer's Business College, Milwaukee, and 
thus equipped for commercial life Mr. Paff 
returned to Wausau and for two years was 
bookkeeper for John C. Gebhart. He ac- 
cepted a similar position with F. W. Kick- 
busch, manufacturer of doors, sash and 
blinds, but six months later the factory 
burned and Mr. Paff entered the post office, 
as a delivery clerk, remaining there about 
three months. He then went into business 

for himself by purchasing the interest of 
F. W. Stroud in the paint and oil business 
of Stroud & Zentner. Three years later 
Messrs. Paff & Zentner sold out to J. M. 
Stroud & Co., of Oshkosh, and started a 
new business as dealers in lime, cement and 
sewer pipe. They continued partners 
four years, then, in 1887, Mr. Paff pur- 
chased Mr. Zentner's interest, and has since 
conducted the business alone. 

He was married, in Wausau, November 
22, 1888, to Miss Matilda Kickbusch, daugh- 
ter of F. W. and Matilda (Braatz) Kick- 
busch, both of whom emigrated when young 
from Pomerania, Germany, to America. 
F. W. Kickbusch has been one of Wausau's 
most prominent citizens. He settled there 
in i860, after a three-years' residence in 
Milwaukee, was three times elected county 
treasurer, was engaged extensively in the 
manufacture of doors, sash and blinds, 
operated a large flouring-mill, and in June, 
1893, left Wausau to accept the position of 
United States consul at Stettin, Germany. 
Mr. and Mrs. Paff have two children, Selma, 
born November 2, 1889, and Carl F., born 
January 15, 1892. Mr. Paff is a member of 
the Modern Woodmen, and of the Haru- 
gari. As the candidate for county treasurer 
on the Democratic ticket in 1892, he was 
elected in November, 1894, defeating his 
opponent, Chris. Voight, by 168 votes. Mr. 
Paff, though yet a young man, has won his 
way into the esteem and confidence of the 
public, and is one of Marathon county's 
most popular citizens. 

JACOB PAFF (deceased), an early pio- 
neer of Marathon county, and late 
vice-president of the First National 
Bank of Wausau, was one of its best 
representative citizens. He was unostenta- 
tious in manner, and a man of few words; 
yet his character was as sterling as the na- 
tional coin that lay in the vaults of his bank 
or circulated over its counters. For nearly 
forty-five years he lived in the glare of pub- 
lic life at Wausau, and his reputation re- 
mained untarnished and unblemished. Mr. 
Paff was born in Prussia November 5, 1824, 
son of Phillip (a farmer) and Margaret 



(Feurrinp) Paff, both natives of Germany, 
who died in the Fatherland when Jacob was 
youiig. They had a family of four chil- 
dren, three of whom emigrated to America, 
and the only servivor now is Mrs. Louisa 
Baker, who remained in Germany. 

Our subject in his boyhood attended 
the district schools, learned the trade of a 
cabinet maker, and worked at it in the old 
country until 1849, when at the age of 
twenty-five years he emigrated to America. 
Landing in New York July i, of that year, 
he proceeded west at once, and stopping 
for a few months in Columbia county he 
pushed on through the almost unbroken 
wilderness to Marathon county, at once 
becoming identified with its awakening lum- 
ber interests. In the same year of his im- 
migration he located at Wausau, and was 
a continuous resident of the city from that 
date, ranking at the time of his death, 
which occurred May 6, 1895, as one of the 
oldest living and most highly-respected of 
the old settlers. For six years he followed 
his trade of cabinet making, then, in 1857, 
engaged in mercantile pursuits, continuing 
until 1 87 1, when he retired from active 
business life. In 1863 he was elected coun- 
ty treasurer, serving faithfully and satis- 
factorily during the years 1863 and 1864. 
In 1 87 1 and 1872 he also served as county 
clerk, and he represented Wausau as its 
chief officer. Mr. Paff was connected with 
the First National Bank of Wausau from its 
organization, and was vice-president of this 
well-known banking institution at the time 
of his demise. 

On January 20, 1856, he was married, 
at Watertown, Wis., to Miss Sophia Doell, 
a lady of German birth, and eight children 
were born to them, four of whom survive, as 
follows: Matilda, wife of Fred T. Zent- 
ner. United States E.xpress Agent at Wau- 
sau; Carl F., county treasurer; Jacob and 
William. The family attend St. Paul's 
Evangelical Church. In politics Mr. Paff 
was a Democrat. He was always foremost 
in works of public improvement, giving his 
aid and influence cheerfully to all worthy 

Fred T. Zentner, son-in-law of Mr. Paff, 
was born in Oshkosh August 15, 1858, son 

of Frederick and Barbara (Wiler) Zentner, 
both honored and early German emigrants 
to that cit}'. He was educated in the public 
schools and business college of Oshkosh, 
and when fourteen years of age became a 
clerk in a law and real-estate office, re- 
maining six }'ears. In i 880 he removed to 
Wausau, and since that date has been a 
continuous resident of the city. For six 
years he engaged in the oil and paint busi- 
ness, and in 1886 he entered lumbering and 
manufacturing pursuits, in which he still 
continues in connection with his Express 
agency. He is secretary of the Clay Lum- 
ber Company, and vice-president of the 
Wisconsin Moulding Company. Mr. Zent- 
ner has served as a member of the city and 
county board for eight years. He is a mem- 
ber of Forest Lodge No. 130, F. & A. M., 
and is a worthy and highly-respected citizen 
of the community. His marriage to Miss 
Matilda Paff occurred December 28, 1881, 
and they have one child, Fred T., born 
October'31, 1882. 

the firm of Van Doren & Andrews, 
prominent lumber merchants at Bir- 
namwood, Shawano Co., Wis., was 
born at Whitehall, Washington Co., N. Y. , 
September 29, 1849. He is the son of Ben- 
jamin M. and Ann (Lyons) Andrews, the 
former being born in Danbury, Conn., Sep- 
tember 5, 1820, and the latter in Rutland, 
Vt., March 16, 1825. They were married 
in New York about 1847, and had a family 
of eight children, as follows: Benjamin 
Burton; Mary, who died when an infant; 
Mary Ann, who died when nineteen years 
of age; Annetta, now Mrs. R. Lyons, of 
Oshkosh; Adella; Leverett Brainard, who 
died when four years old; Emma Amelia, 
and Merton; the latter is an Episcopal min- 
ister and resides at Oshkosh. 

Benjamin M. Andrews, father of our sub- 
ject, came to Wisconsin in 1850, and settled 
on a farm in Juneau, Dodge county. He re- 
mained there some twelve years, then went 
to Beaver Dam and later to Oshkosh, where 
he still resides. He was a carpenter by 
trade, although he has followed farming the 



greater part of his life. His wife, Ann (Lj'- 
ons), is also still living. 

Benjamin B. Andrews, the subject of 
this sketch, obtained his education in the 
public schools at Juneau, and remained at 
home until he was seventeen years old, 
learning, in the meantime, to run a station- 
ary engine. At the age mentioned he went 
to Milwaukee, and was employed on the 
Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad for some two 
years, after which he returned to Oshkosh 
and worked in a mill, taking full charge of 
the same until the spring of 1884. At that 
time he came to Birnamwood, and in com- 
pany with Mr. Van Doren began the manu- 
facture of staves and headings; three years 
later they built a sawmill, and in 1892 an 
extensive mill. They also carry on a gen- 
eral store, and are large owners of real es- 
tate, and Mr. Andrews, being a practical 
millman, looks after that branch of the busi- 
ness. He is a wide-awake, enterprising man, 
and has been very successful in all his un- 
dertakings. Mr. Andrews was married in 
1865, his wife being Miss Agnes Parris, who 
was born in Canada of Scotch descent, one 
of a family of five children. Her father was 
a baker in Canada. By this marriage Mr. 
Andrews became the father of four children: 
James, who died when a child; William 
Henry, who also died when an infant; Mary 
who married H. G. Deyer, an attorney, of 
Shawano, and Harry, who died in 1894 at 
the age of twenty-one years. The mother 
passed away December 14, 1874. The sec- 
ond marriage of Mr. Andrews took place 
March 16, 1876, Miss Martha O. Thorn be- 
coming his wife. She is a daughter of John 
and Sarah Thorn, natives of New York, who 
came to Wisconsin in 1854. Her birth took 
place in Jefferson county, N. Y., March 6, 
1852, and she was one of a family of ten 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Andrews have four 
children: John Burton, Benjamin Burton, 
Bessie and Helen Dare. 

In politics Mr. Andrews is a Republican, 
but has never been an office-seeker. He is a 
trustee of the village, a member of the Con- 
gregational Church, and has been affiliated 
with the United Workmen for the past fif- 
teen years. He is a self-made man, one 
who has attained to his present standing by 

industry, perseverance and straightforward 
methods of business, and is respected as a 
worthy citizen, and one ready to assist in all 
matters pertaining to the welfare of the com- 

EMILE B. ROSSIER (deceased) was 
a man whose virtues won him high 
regard, and whose devotion to edu- 
cational, social and moral interests 
made him one of the valued citizens of Wood 
county. He was born at V'evay, near Ge- 
neva, Switzerland, December 2, 1832, and 
was a son of J. B. and Elizabeth (Monnet) 
Rossier. He was educated in the academy 
of Geneva, and spent the first nineteen 
years of his life in the beautiful land of his 
nativity, after which he determined to seek 
a home beyond the Atlantic, and in 1851 
crossed the water to the New World. He 
located first in Highland, Madison Co., 111., 
where he resided seven years, during which 
time he carried on agricultural pursuits with 
a fair degree of success. In 1858 he came 
to Centralia, Wis., and established a mer- 
cantile store, while in connection with this 
enterprise he served as cashier of the Grand 
Rapids Bank from 1870 until 1873. 

His domestic relations were of the most 
pleasant. He was happily married in St. 
Louis, in 1853, to Miss Caroline Mennet, 
daughter of Emanuel and Euphrosine (Faw- 
con) Mennet, who were also natives of 
Switzerland. Their union was blessed with 
a family of six children: Cecelia, who was 
born in Illinois, February 13, 1856, and is 
now the wife of Frank Garrison, a promi- 
nent manufacturer of South Centralia, Wis. ; 
Alfred A., who was born in Illinois, De- 
cember 6, 1857; Edmond H.,'born in Cen- 
tralia, May 4, 1S60: Eugene, who was born 
in Centralia, July 14. 1862, and died July 14, 
1862; Emile C, born July 10, 1864; and 
Benjamin, who was born in Centralia, July 
II, 1866, and passed away December 22, 

In connection with the interests pre- 
viously mentioned, Mr. Rossier was also 
identified with other concerns in Centralia. 
He won considerable prominence as the 
senior partner of the law firm of Rossier & 



Baker, and was superintendent of the con- 
struction of the Wisconsin Valley railroad. 
It will thus be seen that his abilities were 
not limited to one line of action or of busi- 
ness, and he was recognized as one of the 
most influential and enterprising residents of 
Wood county, a leader in all matters per- 
taining to the public welfare. He served as 
city treasurer, was city clerk for several 
terms, and postmaster at Centralia for ten 
years, and in all these offices was an ef- 
ficient incumbent, faithful to his duty and 
the trust reposed in liim. His life was well 
spent, and was largely devoted to the good 
of mankind in one way or another. In the 
family he was considerate and tender, and 
the loss to wife and children is one which 
only time can heal. He passed peacefully 
away May 24, 1893, deeply regretted by all 
who knew him. Like the husband and 
father, the family share in the respect and 
esteem of the entire community, and Mrs. 
Rossier is a consistent member of the Con- 
gregational Church. 

pastor of the Catholic Church of 
Hewitt, Wood county, was born in 
Giesenkirchen, Germany, February 
23, 1866. His father, William Daniels, was 
born in the same place in 183 i, only child 
of William and Anna (Diedrichs) Daniels. 
He was a manufacturer of woolen goods, 
and in business was thorough and system- 
atic. He died in 1887, highly respected. 
His father was in the German army for 
some time, serving as an officer. 

On November 22, 1858, William Daniels 
married Barbara Langen, and they became 
the parents of four children. One son, Will- 
iam, was educated for the priesthood, and 
on coming to America in 1891 had charge of 
a church at Kankakee, 111., in which city he 
died in 1892. Hermann and Catherine, the 
other brother and sister of our subject, now 
make their home with Rev. Father Daniels, 
as does their mother. The latter was born 
March 28, 1837, and is a daughter of John 
and Margaret (Goetz) Langen, farming peo- 
ple of Germany, who had a family of five 
children: Barbara, Herman, Margaretta, 

Magdalene and Winand, Barbara and Mag- 
dalene being the only ones now living. 

Rev. Father Daniels received' his pri- 
mary education in the common schools of 
his native land, and at the age of thirteen 
was sent to Holland, entering a school near 
Venlo, where he remained some nine years. 
At the end of that time he was admitted to 
a University at Innsbruck, in Austria, where 
for two years he continued his studies. He 
completed his literary education after one 
year's attendance at the Priests' Seminary 
in Mainz, when he was ordained priest 
March 14, 1890. After a vacation of three 
months he started for America unaccom- 
panied, the remainder of the family coming 
later. The first charge of Rev. Father 
Daniels was at Chippewa Falls, where he re- 
mained but six months, when he came to 
Marshfield, acting as assistant priest for the 
same length of time. He then accepted his 
present charge at Hewitt. Since coming to 
that place he has been instrumental in the 
erection of a fine brick church and parson- 
age, and has won the respect and esteem of 
all with whom he has come in contact. Be- 
sides the congregation at Hewitt, Rev. 
Father Winand Daniels has two other 
charges, one at Bakerville, Wood county, 
and the other at Loyal, Clark Co., Wis., 
where he also enjoys the love and confidence 
of the people. 

JOHN A. LEMMER, a prominent lum- 
ber manufacturer, and an early settler 
of Marathon count}', was born near 
Trier, in the Rhine Province, Germany, 
February 1 1, 1843, a son of John and Eliza- 
beth Lemmer, who were both born in Ger- 
many, the former of whom is now engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in the town of Mara- 
thon, Wisconsin. 

Our subject came to America with his 
parents and other members of the family, 
and in 1853 they located in Laporte, Ind., 
where they resided six years. In 1859 the 
family removed to Marathon county. Wis., 
and have been residents of that county 
since then. Mr. Lemmer received a portion 
of his education in his native land, and also 
attended school in Marathon county. Wis. 



On leaving school he was engaged in teach- 
ing some sixteen years, and after abandon- 
ing this occupation engaged in lumbering 
and lumber manufacturing. He has filled 
the office of town treasurer seven times; 
been chairman of the town board four times; 
president of the village six terms, supervisor 
of Marathon cit}' six terms, served one year 
as trustee of Marathon County Insane Asy- 
lum, and is a justice of the peace. 

At Stevens Point, Portage county, in 
1866, John A. Lemmer was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Mary Fisher, and there were 
born to them fourteen children, twelve of 
whom are living, their names and dates of 
birth, etc., being as follows: John M., 
October 9, 1866, at one time a saw-filer, 
now a fire and life insurance agent at Mara- 
thon, Wis.; I^obert, November 15, 1869, an 
engineer and head sawyer, at present serving 
as city marshal; William, October 9, 1871, 
millwright and agent; Julius, March 30, 1872, 
at present studying theology at St. John's 
University, Collegeville, Minn. ; Otto, De- 
cember 10, 1874, machine agent and head 
sawyer; Richard, April 3, 1876, a school 
teacher at Marathon, Wis.; Leo, June 12, 
1877, lumber scaler and setter; Alexander, 
October 5, 1880; Bruno, January 9, 1883; 
Ludwig, March 30, 1885; Mary S., Septem- 
tember 5, 1889, and Mark, January 9, 1890. 
The parents of Mrs. John A. Lemmer, Bal- 
thasar Fisher andTeressa (Schaeffer) Fisher, 
were born in Germany, and were early set- 
tlers of Marathon county. Wis., where they 
resided until death. They had children as 
follows: Mary, wife of John A. Lemmer; 
Margaret, wife of Anthony Schilling; Benja- 
min, John and Anthony, all residing in the 
city of Marathon, Wis. John M. Lemmer, 
eldest son of John A. and Mary Lemmer, 
was married in 1890 to Rosa Baur, and to 
their union have been born three daughters: 
Ella, Erma and Lulu. John A. Lemmer is a 
Democrat in politics. He is one of the pro- 
gressive and solid business men of Marathon, 
and is extensively engaged in lumbering. 
He has taken an active part in matters having 
for their object the improvement and wel- 
fare of Marathon county, and is a highly- 
esteemed and valuable member of the com- 
munity in which he resides. At present he 

is a member of the Marathon County Com- 
mittee on Emigration and Industries for 
Marathon county. The family attend the 
Catholic Church. 

a typical self-made man, one who 
owes his success to his own enter- 
prise and industry. He has led a 
busy and useful life, and in the legitimate 
channels of business has acquired a compe- 
tency that now enables him to live retired. 
Mr. Lickel was born in the Province of 
Darmstadt, Germany, September 13, 1841. 
His father, John C. Lickel, also a native of 
Germany, was a miller by trade, and in the 
country of his birth was married, in 1838, 
to Catherine Gris. They became the parents 
of five children: George C. , subject of this 
sketch; Henry, who died in infancy; Will- 
iam, who died in Nashville, Tenn., in 1864, 
while in the employ of the government; 
Catherine, wife of John Metz — all four born 
in Germany; and Mary, who was born in 
this country. The family crossed the At- 
lantic about the year 1849, aud took up 
their residence in Ouincy, 111., where the 
father worked at his trade. While in Ger- 
many he had owned and operated his own 
mill, and had obtained a good business edu- 
cation. His death occurred July 27, 1881, 
that of his wife on February 9, 1876. She, 
too, was born in Germany, and was the 
daughter of a miller, but nothing more is 
known about her people, except that she 
was the youngest of a large family. John 
C. Lickel had one sister. Our subject was 
about eight years of age when he accom- 
panied his parents to the New World. He 
acquired his education in the public schools 
of Quincy, 111., and at the age of thirteen 
began learning the trade of wagon making. 
When he had thoroughly mastered the busi- 
ness, he established a shop of his own in 
Quincy, which he conducted some three 

On September 26, 1866, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Catherine Miller, who 
was born in Germany, in 1846, daughter of 
Peter and Elizabeth (Hitridge) Miller, both 



natives of Germany, the father born in 1796, 
the mother in 1800; they were the parents 
of four children: Lizzie (deceased), Caro- 
line, Mary, and Catherine. Mr. Miller was 
a merchant tailor by trade, a well-educated 
man, and a leader in politics in Germany, 
holding public offices there for many years. 
He was very prosperous in his business, 
which he followed not only in his native land, 
but also in Paris, France. In the Father- 
land he served in the arm\', for six years as 
an officer. In 1852 he came to the United 
States with his family, the voyage, which 
was made in a sailing vessel, occupying sixty 
days. Three months after their arrival in 
the country the family settled at Ouincy, 
111., where Mr. Miller became a speculator 
in real estate, etc., in which he continued up 
to his death, in 1892. His wife had passed 
away in 1875. A Republican on this side 
of the Atlantic, he took a great interest in 
politics, and was honored with election to 
several offices of trust. He was a member 
of the German Lutheran Church, and in all 
respects was highly esteemed. Mrs. Bolman, 
sister to Mrs. Lickel, died in 1867, just 
eleven weeks after her husband had been 
laid to rest, leaving five children, one of 
whom, Katie, Mrs. Lickel adopted. She 
(Katie) married Robert Megow, of Minne- 
apolis, Minn., and now Mrs. Lickel has her 
daughter, Lulu, adopted. Thus, if Mr. and 
Mrs. Lickel have no children of their own, 
they have been a father and mother to the 
children of others. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Lickel pur- 
chased a hotel at Quincy, 111., which he con- 
ducted a number of years, when on account 
of his wife's failing health he removed to 
Wisconsin, locating at Necedah, Juneau 
county, where for several years he again 
carried on a hotel. In 1888 he came to 
Merrill, purchased a store and embarked in 
the grocery business, which he successfully 
conducted until January i, 1895, when he 
sold out. There have been few idle moments 
in his life, his time and attention having been 
given almost unceasingly to his business in- 
terests, until within the last few months, 
since when he has been enjoying a rest well 
earned and richly deserved. He has always 
affiliated with the Democratic party, and his 

fellow townsmen have frequently called him 
to office, he having twice served as super- 
visor, once as school commissioner, and once 
as alderman. In his younger years he took 
quite an active interest in Masonry, and is 
now a Knight Templar; is also a member of 
the Knights of Pythias. He and his wife 
hold membership with the Presbyterian 
Church, and are most highly-esteemed peo- 
ple, their many excellencies of character 
winning them the regard of all with whom 
they have been brought in contact. 

GEORGE E. O'CONNOR, the popu- 
lar and efficient sheriff of Vilas 
county, with residence at Eagle 
River, is a native of Wisconsin, born 
I August 31, 1865, a son of John O'Connor, 
! who first saw the light, in 1833, near the 
city of Newcastle, New Brunswick, Canada. 
! Edward O'Connor, grandfather of our 

I subject, was born in Tipperar}', Ireland, 
whence, when a young man, he emigrated to 
New Brunswick, where he married Miss 
Catherine Welch, by whom he had seven 
children, named respectively: John. Timo- 
thy, Kate, Richard, Mary, Maurice and 
Alice, the last two dying when quite young. 
In the spring of 1845 the family came to 
Wisconsin, locating in Milwaukee, where the 
father took up a homestead, near where the 
city hall now stands, and there remained 
some three years; but, thinking to better 
himself farther west, he abandoned his first 
Wisconsin home, and after a brief sojourn 
in Oshkosh settled on a farm in Brown 
county, whereon he passed the rest of his 
days, dying in 1859; his wife survived him 
till July, 1883, when she, too, passed to the 
"great unknown." He was a farmer and 
lumberman, prominent in politics as an 
ardent Whig and Republican. His ancestry 
in Ireland were all well-to-do agriculturists. 
John O'Connor, father of our subject, 
was twelve years old when the family took 
up their residence in Milwaukee, at the com- 
mon schools of which then village he receiv- 
ed a somewhat limited education, having in 
his boyhood to assist his father in getting out 
square timber and clearing the farm. At 



about the age of eighteen he commenced to 
work awa}- from home, finding employment 
in mills and at lumbering, when nineteen 
years old having charge of a mill as foreman. 
In 1855, in the meantime marrying, he 
moved to Oconto, having been offered, and 
accepted, the position of head sawyer in a 
mill at that place, also following the logging 
business. Here he remained till 1866, in 
which year he took up his residence in Green 
Bay, where in connection with his lumber- 
ing interests he conducted a hotel, and was 
also interested in a sailing vessel, which, 
however, was wrecked. After about eight 
years' residence in Green Bay, he removed 
to Eau Claire, where he resided some nine 
years, with the exception of three years 
passed in Texas and Arkansas, erecting 
there a mill which turned out a failure. In 
Eau Claire he followed lumbering, and in 
April, 1883, he came to Eagle River, buying 
a tract of one thousand acres of land, in 
August, same year, platting the town of 
Eagle River, which was described as the plat 
of the N. E. quarter of the N. \V. quarter of 
Section 33, Town 40 North, of Range 10 
East, being the first plat of the town. After- 
ward he added two additions known as the 
Original Plat, and then one called the Ann 
O'Connor Addition. He came to be known 
as "the father of Eagle River." Here he 
logged one winter, and then embarked in 
the real-estate business, including the buy- 
ing and selling of city property and pine 
lands, in connection with which he carried 
on a general supply store. He died July 4, 
1889, a stanch Republican in his political 
affiliations. He was a typical self-made 
man, one who was favored with few school 
privileges, but was a great reader and a close 
student of human nature. At the time of 
the Pike's Peak excitement, he passed some 
six months in that region. Although reared 
a strict Catholic, yet he was liberal toward 
all denominations, and was particularly 
charitable to the poor. He was never called 
upon to serve his adopted country as a sol- 
dier, but he had two brothers in the army — 
Timothy and Richard. 

In 1855, at Green Bay, Wis., John 
O'Connor was married to Miss Anna Gold- 
en, a native of County Sligo, Ireland, born 

in 1835, a daughter of William and Mary 
(Flatley) Golden, farming people, both also 
of Irish nativity, who came to America about 
the year 1838. For a time they sojourned 
in New York City, thence proceeding to 
Rome, N. Y. , whence after three years 
passed in that city they came to Wisconsin, 
settling at Wrightstown, Brown county, on 
wild land, where they passed the rest of their 
daj'S, the father dying in i860, the mother 
in 1868. They were the first settlers of 
Wrightstown, and the old log cabin wherein 
they lived is still standing. They had nine 
children, to wit: Thomas, Peter, Patrick, 
Mary, Martin, James, Margaret, Ellen and 
Anna. The father was a ' ' dyed-in-the-wool " 
Democrat. To John and Anna O'Connor 
were born ten children, named respectively: 
Mary, Edward, Ellen, Anna, George E. , 
Matilda, Henry C, Don and Walter F. 
(twins), and Harriet. 

George E. O'Connor, the subject proper 
of this memoir, was reared and educated in 
Eau Claire, and there at the early age of 
eleven years commenced learning the trade 
of printer, which he followed four years, af- 
ter which he worked for a time in a shingle 
mill, then learned the trade of plumber. In 
1883 he came to Eagle River with his fa- 
ther, whom he assisted in the latter's exten- 
sive lumbering interests — sometimes working 
in the woods, at other times running the river 
— so continuing some three years. At the 
age of twenty he entered the Northwestern 
Business College, at Madison, which institu- 
tion he attended two summer terms, work- 
ing in the woods winters, for a time keeping 
books for a lumber camp. In the fall of 
1888 he commenced the management of his 
father's store, and after the latter's death he 
was appointed administrator of the estate. 
Politically he is a stanch Republican, and in 
1894 he was elected to his present position 
of sheriff of Vilas county; for two years he 
served as town clerk, was secretary of the 
school board, and filled several minor offices. 
Socially he is a member of the I. O. O. F. 
and K. of P. He has two brothers attend- 
ing school at Detroit, Mich., while another 
brother, Henry C, is studying for the pro- 
fession of dentist, at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, Philadelphia (at one time he was 



register of deeds for Oneida county. Wis.). 
Our subject has not yet joined the noble ar- 
m}' of Benedicts. 

herst township, Portage county, it 
might be difficult to find a name 
which the people would more delight 
to honor than that of Mr. Nelson. It is 
known throughout northern Wisconsin in 
connection with the milling product which 
he has made famous for its quality; it is 
known as that of a brave officer who served 
throughout the Rebellion; it is known as that 
of apioneer who has been identified with the 
material advancement of the State; it is 
known as that of a legislator. The name 
has been commemorated in the village Nel- 
sonville, named from him. He is public- 
spirited, and perhaps as well known as anj' 
one in the county. 

Mr. Nelson was born at Attica, N. Y. , 
January 9, 1829, the eldest child of Adin 
and Sally (Randall) Nelson. Adin Nelson 
was a native of Massachusetts, and at the 
age of sixteen moved with his parents to 
Genesee county, N. Y. In 1828 he was 
married, at Attica, to Sally, daughter of 
Miles Randall, a native of New Hampshire, 
who prior to the war of 18 12 moved with 
his wife to Canada, but was forced to return 
when hostilities opened because he would 
not take the oath of allegiance to King 
George. He settled in New York. His chil- 
dren were Betsy, Statira, John, Sally, 
Esther, Harriet, Horace and Aurilla. Adin 
Nelson was a farmer and a merchant. Seven 
years after his marriage he removed to 
Rochester, N. Y. , where he secured a posi- 
tion as overseer for the New York Central 
railroad during its construction. In 1836 
he moved to Michigan, where he engaged in 
farming in Hadley township, Lapeer county, 
until about 1850, and then selling his land 
he came to Fond du Lac count}'. Wis. , and 
opened a general store. In 1853 he sold 
out and moved to Amherst township. Port- 
age county, where he farmed and also car- 
ried on a small mercantile business until 
shortly before his death. Desiring to revisit 
the scenes of his childhood, he went east at 

the age of si.xty-nine years, and after a short 
illness died at the home of his sister in 
Massachusetts. His wife lived until 1892, 
when she died at the age of eighty-four 
years. To Adin and Sally Nelson six chil- 
dren were born: Jerome; Harriet, now Mrs. 
Amos Wilts, of St. Joseph, Mo.; Miles R., 
a salesman in a large New York City mer- 
antile house, who died while visiting his 
brother Jerome in Amherst, in 1856; 
George (i), who died when a boy; Orpha, 
who died in infancy; George (2), who mar- 
ried Miss Marion Phillips, of Amherst, and 
is now a merchant of Waukegan, Illinois. 

Jerome Nelson attended the schools of 
New York and Michigan in his boyhood, 
assisting on the farm and in the store up 
to the age of nineteen, when he started out 
in life for himself. He spent one summer 
in Chicago, then went down the Mississippi 
river to Vicksburg, Miss. , where he engaged 
to cut timber in the cypress swamp for $20 
per month. Two years later, with the 
money he had saved, he started in the same 
business for himself in partnership with 
Frank Johnson, a South Carolina planter. 
Following this successfully and profit- 
ably two years, he, in 1852, came to Wis- 
consin, and for a short time helped his 
father on the farm. He then opened and 
for two years conducted a store of general 
merchandise at Barton, Washington county. 
Trading this for real estate in the same 
county, he sold out two years later and 
settled in Amherst, where in the summer of 
1855 he had engaged in sawmilling. 

In October, 1861, Mr. Nelson enlisted in 
Company H, Third Wisconsin Cavalry. 
Entering winter quarters at Janesville, Wis. , 
the regiment was sent to St. Louis in 
March, 1862, and two months later to 
Leavenworth, Kans. Here its misson was 
to exterminate Quantrell's notorious guer- 
rilla band, then committing depredations 
and atrocities along the western border, and 
to guard supplj' trains from Fort Scott to 
Fort Gibson, on the Arkansas river. Mr. 
Nelson served in the West until the close of 
the war, and was promoted to first lieuten- 
ant during his service. When mustered out 
he returned to Amherst and resumed his 
milling operations. 



In 1 8 5 5 Mr. Nelson built a sawmill, which, 
to use his own words, "wore out." In i868 
he erected the gristmill at Nelsonville; in 
1873 purchased a large flouring-mill at Am- 
herst, and in 1874 he put up a steam saw- 
mill in Nelson, all of which mills he has 
since operated, the product of them linding 
a market all over the State. He was the 
first man to build a dam at Nelsonville, and 
utilize the e.xcellent water-power there 
found. The land on which his mills and 
elegant home stand he bought of the gov- 
ernment in 1854. He is also interested in 
a sawmill in Oneida county, Wis., which 
cuts some ten million feet of lumber each 
season. Mr. Nelson furnished the capital, 
and the company is known as the Nelson 
Lumber and Boom Co., the industry being 
located on the Pelican river. 

In May, 1S53, Mr. Nelson was married, 
in Washington county. Wis., to Miss Mani- 
la A. Yerkes, who was born, in 1835, in 
Pennsylvania, a daughter of David and Caro- 
line (Calkins) Yerkes, the former a native of 
Pennsylvania, the latter of New York State. 
Thej- for a time resided in Michigan, whence 
about the year 1847 they came to Wiscon- 
sin, settling in Barton township, Washing- 
ton county, where Mr. Yerkes engaged in 
the sawmilling business. There they died, 
the mother in 1868, the father in 1893, the 
parents of seven children, as follows: Marion 
(now Mrs. Philips, of Amherst); Oliver J. 
(a farmer of Colby, Clark Co., Wis.), who 
was a soldier during the Civil war, in a New 
York Cavalry regiment; Hannah E., who 
died in Michigan at the age of fourteen; 
Marilla A. (Mrs. Jerome Nelson); Lovilla L. 
(Mrs. Baker), living in Kansas; George W., 
in Wisconsin; and Sara E. (Mrs. Eli Hanks), 
of Washington county, Wis. Mr. and Mrs. 
Nelson have no children of their own, but 
have an adopted daughter. Flora S., who 
has lived with them since her infancy; she is 
now the wife of John S. Loberg (who is in 
Mr. Nelson's employ), and they have three 
children: Russell Jerome, Ruby S. and Eva 
L. Mrs. Nelson is a prominent member of 
the Episcopal Church. Socially Mr. Nel- 
son has been a member of the F. and A. M., 
since joining Evergreen Lodge of Stevens 
Point, in 1878, and also of the Crusade 

Commandery, same place; but on account 
of the distance from his home he has been 
unable to attend the meetings with any de- 
gree of regularity. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. In 1876 he was elected a member of 
the State Legislature; was elected justice of 
the peace, but refused to qualifj, for the 
reason that the judicial duties were distaste- 
ful to one of his sympathetic nature. He 
has served several terms on the town board. 
Mr. Nelson is foremost in all matters relat- 
ing to the welfare and improvement of his 
township and county, is public-spirited, and 
ever ready to encourage worthy enterprises. 
He is a typical self-made man, never having 
received assistance from any one. The in- 
dustry he has founded has proved a source 
of much revenue to the surrounding country. 

ing lumberman and representative 
citizen of northern Wisconsin, was 
born in Rock county. Wis. , near 
Evansville, September 12, 1858. 

Joseph C. Garland, his father, was born 
at Great Falls, N. H., in May, 1833. He 
attended the common schools, worked on 
the farm and in the cotton mills, and at the 
age of twenty came west and worked for a 
time in the pineries of Wisconsin, afterward 
settling on a farm in Green county. There 
he married Eliza N. Broadbent, a native of 
Goole, Yorkshire, England, daughter of 
Samuel and Alice Broadbent, who had two 
children: Sarah and Eliza N. Mrs. Eliza 
N. Garland's parents came to America when 
she was fourteen years of age. Her father 
was a baker by trade, but afterward devoted 
his time to agricultural pursuits in Green 
county. Wis., where he died in 1859. Mrs. 
Broadbent was later united in marriage with 
J. F. Eggleston, removing shortly afterward 
to Nebraska, where Mr. Eggleston died, his 
widow still residing there. Joseph C. Gar- 
land's family consisted of four children; 
F. S., Ida Maria, Alice Lucinda and Frank J. 
He spent his life as a lumberman, cutting 
the timber and rafting the logs down the 
river. He resided in and near Wausau, 
Wis., for twenty-five years, and died Janu- 
ary 21, 1893. The grandfather of the sub- 



ject of our sketch, Hiram Garland, was a 
soldier in the war of 1812. He married a 
Lucinda Smith, who had six children, viz. : 
Franklin, Dudley, Ann, Angeline, Joseph C, 
and Winslow, the youngest, who was killed 
at the battle of Antietam, in September, 
1862. Hiram Garland was a farmer by oc- 
cupation. The grandparents both died in 
New Hampshire. 

The early life of Frederick S. Garland, 
the gentleman introduced at the commence- 
ment of this sketch, was spent in Wausau, 
■where he received his education and assisted 
his father in his business. At the age of 
twenty-one he entered into partnership with 
him in the wholesale lumber business, and 
since the latter's death has carried on the 
business himself, being an extensive dealer 
in lumber, piles, railroad ties, etc. Mr. 
Garland was married, in the fall of 1887, to 
Olive Goff, of Marathon county. Wis. , 
daughter of Benedict N. and Mary (Harris) 
Goff, who had eight children, viz. : Charles 
N., Daniel J., Mary M., Asa A., Oliver O., 
Laura L. , Olive and Albertine. Mr. Goff 
was born in Steuben county, N. Y., in 1830; 
his father and two brothers came from Eng- 
land. Mrs. Goff was born in Detroit, Mich., 
in I 840, of German descent. Mr. and Mrs. 
Garland have two children, viz.: Ruble V., 
born in November, 18S8, and Guy N., born 
in March, 1891. In politics Mr. Garland is 
a stanch Democrat, and takes a deep inter- 
est in public affairs, but is no office-seeker. 
He holds the position of supervisor of his 
ward, and by an upright life has won the 
respect of the entire community. 

HKLOSTERMAN, one of the repre- 
sentative prosperous citizens of Sha- 
wano county, agricultiirist, dealer in 
real estate, and capitalist, is a native 
of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, Germany, 
born April 20, 1832. He is the eldest in 
the family of three sons and three daugh- 
ters born to Gerhard H. Klosterman, a tailor 
by trade in Oldenburg, where he passed all 
his days. 

Our subject received a somevvnat lim- 
ited common-school training in his native 
land, and was offered free education for the 

ministry, but declined. But what he may 
not have learned at school, where he was a 
quick and apt scholar, he made up for by 
home study and a close observation of men 
and things, and he also commenced earning 
money at a very early age, for at about the 
age of ten we find him herding cattle and 
sheep, receiving, it is true, very small 
wages. In his youth he displayed a pen- 
chant for carpentry, and, learning the trade, 
followed it till 1855, in which jear, in com- 
pany with his uncle, Edwin Wilke (his 
mother's brother), who kindly furnished him 
with the means, he came to the United 
States, the voyage being made on the sail- 
ing vessel '• Nelson" from Bremen for New 
York, the voyage occupying seven weeks, 
three days. From the latter cit\' the jour- 
ney was made by rail to Buffalo, thence by 
lake to Sheboygan, Wis., where our subject 
secured work among the farmers, the first 
money he earned in the United States be- 
ing at chopping cordwood, an " art " he was 
taught by a woman. Here he remained 
until early in the spring of 1857, when he 
moved to near Two Rivers, where his uncle 
lived, for whom he now worked, in order to 
repay him the price of his passage from 
Germany. Subsequently he worked for 
other farmers, and later in a sawmill and 
gristmill at or in the vicinity of Two Riv- 
ers, for three years, at the end of which 
time he went to Racine, Wis., and on the 
prairie near that cit)- worked as a farm hand, 
in the fall of the same year going into the 
lumber woods. 

In his somewhat varied experience Mr. 
Klosterman traveled considerably over the 
State of Wisconsin, and at one time while 
at Mayville, Dodge county, he bargained 
with Charles Rudebusch to drive some cat- 
tle from there to Shawano, at which latter 
place, then a mere hamlet of a few shanties, 
he in the fall of i860 found work in the 
lumber woods. In the following spring he 
married, an event that will be spoken of 
further on, and he and his young wife com- 
menced keeping house in a log building that 
stood near the present outskirts of the city; 
and even this humble home he did not own, 
for he bought on credit. He also bought a 
team of oxen and a couple of cows, and 



with these oxen he went jobbing; but an 
unfortunate accident happened to him which 
f^ave to his now rising prospects a cruel set- 
back. One day, in the spring of t86i, 
while he was engaged at plowing his lot with 
this same \'oke of oxen, making ready to 
put in his crops, the tree-stumps obtruding 
themselves pretty thickly around, the plow 
accidentally caught on one of them, which 
caused the team to give a sudden jerk, 
whereby the plow handle struck Mr. Klos- 
terman a violent blow close by the knee of 
the left leg. This produced a fever sore, 
later a stiff limb with a running sore which 
left him helpless for a whole year. He had 
just been married, and his small pile of sav- 
ings was soon reduced to a minimum, ren- 
dering his condition, physically and finan- 
cially, anything but encouraging. He was 
helpless as far as manual labor was con- 
cerned, and it became clear that his atten- 
tion must be given to something else totally 
different to what he had been accustomed 
to; so he undertook whatever kind of work 
his enfeebled condition would permit him to 
do. In consequence of his already injured 
limb having in December, 1889, received a 
further hurt by being severely cut with an 
axe while he was chopping woodat his home, 
he suffered so severely that the leg had to 
be amputated September 6, 1890. 

For a time Mr. Klosterman kept a small 
saloon and grocery in Shawano, after which 
he served as justice of the peace of the vil- 
lage three years, then as register of deeds 
four years, deputy clerk two years, and he 
was county judge of Shawano county six- 
teen years, the longest term held by any in- 
cumbent in that office. In February, 1894, 
he became a member of the firm of An- 
drews & Klosterman, who conduct a general 
store in 

On April 20, 1861, Mr. Klosterman was 
married in Shawano to Miss Ernstein Fink, 
a native of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Ger- 
many, born December 21, 1843, and to this 
union have been born children as follows: 
Louise, born January 18, 1862, died Sep- 
tember 17, 1862, and George H., born June 
26, 1869, living at home with his parents. 
In his political preferences our subject has 
been a Republican ever since Lincoln's first 

term, though his first vote was cast at Two 
Rivers for James Buchanan. In addition to 
his other interests which keep him busy he 
is vice-president of the Shawano County 
Bank, and deals extensively in real estate, 
owning at the present time between 600 and 
800 acres, chiefly timber land. He is in all 
respects a public-spirited citizen, of that 
stamen which is recognized as the bone and 
sinew of any new country and community. 

JOSEPH HOMIER, a private banker 
and a leading merchant of Mosinee, 
Marathon county, is not only one of 
the most prominent business men in 
that county, but his influence is much 
broader, and he is well-known throughout 
the entire State of Wisconsin. His train- 
ing has been that of a business man, both in 
early education and in the various vocations 
which he has pursued in life. All seemed 
directly or indirectly to be important in fit- 
ting him for the indispensible and all-im- 
portant field in which he has now for many 
years been engaged. 

Mr. Homier was born in Montreal, Can- 
ada, December 7, 1829, and is the son of 
Joseph and Margaret (Desnoier) Homier, 
both of whom were also natives of Canada. 
The father, who by occupation was a mer- 
chant tailor in Montreal, Canada, bestowed 
upon his son Joseph a course in an English 
Business College in that city. Later the 
young man studied French for tvvo years un- 
der a private teacher. After completing 
these studies, he was engaged for a year as 
salesman in a dry-goods store at Montreal, 
and for six months as salesman in a jewelry 
store. He was not yet sixteen years old 
when he left Canada for New York City, 
and after a year's residence in that city he 
went to New Orleans, where he enlisted in 
the quartermaster's department of the United 
States army, and served some seven months, 
or until the close of the Mexican war. Up- 
on his discharge Mr. Homier returned tcj 
New Orleans, and thence proceeded to Buf- 
falo, where for six years he was engaged in 
the hotel business with his father. Joining 
the strong tide of emigration which was 
then flowing to Wisconsin via Buffalo, Mr. 



Homier in 1852 moved to Sheboygan, and 
there opened a hotel which he conducted 
two years. That closed his experience as 
a hotel proprietor. He had become ac- 
quainted with the pioneer country, and the 
mercantile business seemed to offer tempt- 
ing possibilities. Accordingly, in 1854, Mr. 
Homier removed to Grand Rapids, Wis., 
and there opened a general merchandise 
business. Its success may be judged from 
the fact that he continued in the trade in 
that city some twenty years. In 1874, he 
removed his business to Wausau, and con- 
tinued in mercantile trade there for six 
years. Then, in 1880, he came to Mosinee, 
and in addition to general merchandising 
engaged in banking and lumbering. His 
business during the past fifteen years has 
grown to large proportions, and to-day Mr. 
Homier ranks among the most prominent 
business men of northern Wisconsin. 

In 1854 he was married, at Buffalo, 
N. Y., to Miss Caroline Martin, a native of 
the Province of Quebec; Mr. and Mrs. 
Homier have adopted five children, two of 
whom survive, Daisy Martin, wife of Frank 
McReynolds, bookkeeper for the Joseph 
Dessert Lumber Co. for the past sixteen 
years, and Hattie Martin, at home. Mr. 
and Mrs. Homier attend the Roman Cath- 
olic Church; in politics he is a Democrat. 

BALSER WILLIAMS, formerly a 
successful business man of Wausau, 
and now leading a retired life, was 
born in Prussia, Germany, June 3, 
1835, son of Anton and Caroline (Low) 
Williams, both of whom lived and died in 
the Fatherland. 

In his boyhood Balser attended the pub- 
lic schools, but he early evinced a liking for 
outdoor pursuits, and when his school-days 
were past he followed farming and stage 
driving until he attained his majority, when, 
in the year 1853, he emigrated to America. 
For nearly a year he lived at Reading, Penn. , 
finding employment in the iron mines near 
that city, and in August, 1854, came to 
Wausau, where he has ever since remained, 
a valuable and prominent citizen. Like 
many of the pioneers to this region Mr. 

Williams first engaged in lumbering and in 
rafting on the Wisconsin river. He was 
thus engaged nine years, and in 1866, he 
began a lumbering business of his own, fol- 
lowing it successfully for five years. Mr. 
Williams then gave his attention to real 
estate, in which he was engaged continuously 
until June, 1894, save two years when he 
conducted a liver}' business. He has pros- 
pered, and at the expiration of a forty-years" 
career he is well entitled to a surcease from 
active life. 

Mr. \\^illiams has been twice married. 
His first wife was Miss Katrina Kuhl. a na- 
tive of Germany, whom he married in Col- 
umbia count}-, W^is., and by whom there 
were three children: Charles A.; Margaret, 
wife of Henr}' Wolslegel, who died June 22, 
1886; and Mary, deceased in infanc}'. Mrs. 
W^illiams died April 16, 1862, and on July 
17, 1864, Mr. Williams was again united 
in marriage, this time to Miss Amelia Pes- 
sert, a native of Germany. Their two 
children are Caroline, wife of Jacob F. 
Emter, and Albert, a resident of \Vausau. Mr. 
Williams and family are members of St. 
Paul's Evangelical Church. In politics he 
is Democratic. He is a member of the A. 
O. U. W., and has twice, in 1878 and in 
1884, represented the First ward as alder- 
man in the common council. 

ANDREW WILLIAMS, sheriff of 
Waupaca county, has been identi- 
fied with its many interests all his 
life. He was born in the town of 
Scandinavia, Waupaca Co. , Wis. , August 
4, 1853, the son of Ora Wilhelm and Anna 
(Anderson) Boggton. The father was a 
Norwegian of liberal education and many 
accomplishments, the eldest of a family, 
which owned in the native land a large es- 
state, six miles square. He had two broth- 
ers and four sisters. In 1848 the father 
sold his interests in Norway, and with his 
wife and two children — Anna and Betsey — 
emigrated to America, coming to Wiscon- 
sin. For one year he resided at Milwaukee, 
then, in 1849, he settled on the farm in 
Waupaca county, where he still resides, 
and became one of the first settlers in Scan- 



dinavia township. Eight other children 
were born in this country: Annie Betsey, 
WiUiani, Andrew, Dena, Bie, Edward, Louis 
and Anton. 

Our subject grew to manhood amidst 
the surroundings of this pioneer home, at- 
tending school during the winters, and by 
his unremitting labors helping to clear and 
cultivate his father's broad acres. But at 
the age of seventeen an opportunity pre- 
sented itself for his material advancement, 
and he was not slow to grasp it. The rail- 
road was pushing itself westward and north- 
ward, calling out for its construction the worl; 
of many hands. Andrew secured a position 
as foreman of the grading, and in that capac- 
ity followed road-building for two years. In 
1872 he went to Fort Howard, and learned 
the trade of machinist and blacksmith. He 
quickly turned his new acquisition to ac- 
count by opening and operating a machine 
shop at High Forest, Minn., with his brother 
as partner, the firm also handling farm ma- 
chinery. Mr. Williams remained in Minne- 
sota from 1S75 to 1882, sper.dinghis winters, 
however, at home at Waupaca. In 1883 he 
was married at Rochester, Minn. , to Mary M. 
King, a native of Illinois, and daughter of 
Ira and Harriet (Bradshaw) King. The 
father was born in Pennsylvania, and was 
of German descent. The mother was a 
native of New York. Mr. King had re- 
moved to Illinois with his wife and two 
daughters, Lizzie and Mary M., and here he 
enlisted in the army, and gave up his life in 
the Federal cause. After marriage Mr. 
Williams devoted himself extensively to 
farming. He settled on the home farm, 
leased another large tract of land, and con- 
ducted the two farms jointly. 

Mr. Williams' prominent official life in 
the county begins with his appointment as 
deputy sheriff and jailer in 1887. He served 
in that capacity two years, and was then 
elected sheriff, assuming the office January 
I, 1889. Two years later his brother Ed- 
ward was elected sheriff, and Andrew was 
again appointed deputy sheriff. In 1892 
the subject of this sketch was again honored 
with the office by his fellow citizens. His 
official life has been filled with stirring inci- 
dents, which brought out the sterling traits 

of his character. He has been relentless in 
running down criminals, and in consequence 
of the signal detective ability which he has 
displayed, he has done incalculable good for 
good government in Waupaca county. Many 
times has his life been threatened, and many 
inducements have been offered him to per- 
mit the guilty to escape; but Mr. Williams 
has marked out for himself one plain course 
of duty and faithfulness, and he never 
swerved therefrom. He made three trips 
to the Pacific coast for criminals, and two to 
the Atlantic coast. His terms of office have 
been marked by the trials of many cele- 
brated criminal cases, notably the Meade 
murder trial, and Mr. Williams won great 
praise for the able manner in which he ad- 
ministered the criminal affairs of the county. 
Mr. Williams is well known throughout 
the State. He is attached to the Repub- 
lican cause, and prominent in the party 
councils. He is interested especially in the 
welfare of his home county, and is an alder- 
man of Waupaca city. His society affilia- 
tions are with the Masons and Knights of 
Pythias. He has a beautiful home of 200 
acres adjoining the city of Waupaca, where 
he resides with his wife and children, Anna 
Belle, Robert E. , Andrew Lynde and Esther. 
Besides looking after general farming he is 
widely known as a breeder of fine sheep and 
other high-grade stock. He is a member of 
the Lutheran Church. His successful and 
useful life is the result of his own exertions 
and energies, and in every sense of the word 
Mr. Williams is a self-made man. 

LC. BOLD, the honored mayor of 
Shawano, and editor and manager of 
t\\Q Shmvano County WocJtciiblatt, is 
a native of Hessen-Nassau, Ger- 
many, born June 10, 1848, and a son of 
Christopher Bold, a highly-educated man, 
who was born January 7, 1824. He was 
instructed in some of the best educational 
institutions of Germany, won a high reputa- 
tion as a teacher, and was employed at sev- 
eral schools of the Province Hessen-Nassau. 
His death, which occurred August 7, 1894, 
was the cause of an extended obituary in 
the educational paper issued by the institu- 



tion where he had given such excellent serv- 
ice for so many j'ears, winning a reputation 
that was far more than local. His family 
numbered six children — two sons and four 

Our subject attended the public schools 
until ten years of age, and then entered col- 
lege at Cassel; after which he pursued his 
studies. He acquired an excellent educa- 
tion, and then resolved to cross the Atlantic 
to America, which he believed offered a bet- 
ter field to ambitious young men than was 
afforded in his native country. In the sum- 
mer of 1868, at Bremen, he embarked on the 
vessel "Herrmann," which, after thirteen 
days, reached the harbor of New^ York. He 
remained for some time in the East, and in 
1872 was made a citizen of the United 
States in Jersey City, N. J. Soon after his 
arrival he entered a drug store, and con- 
tinued in that line of business for some time. 

In 1869 Mr. Bold was married in New 
York to Miss Babetta Lieb, a native of 
German}-, and to them were born three chil- 
dren: Paul, who was drowned in 1880; 
Charles F. , one of the prominent young 
men of Shawano, now employed in his 
father's newspaper office; and Louis, who is 
also connected with journalistic work. In 
November, 1884, Mr. Bold came to 
Shawano. At that time the Skaivaiio 
County Democrat was in the hands of 
the sheriff, the former proprietors having 
failed to make it a profitable investment. 
A company was formed, consisting of Au- 
gust Koepper, president; Ed Somers, sec- 
retarj-; and L. C. Bold, editor and mana- 
ger. The paper was changed to its present 
name, and the first copy appeared January 
15, 1885. In October, 1888, the company 
was incorporated as the Shawano Printing 
Association, and Mr. Bold is now president 
and secretary as well as editor and manager. 
The circulation has been greatly increased, 
Mr. Bold having successfully managed the 
enterprise, until the paper is now one of the 
leading German publications in northern 
Wisconsin. It is well-edited, and is a very 
readable sheet. The equipment of the office 
is by far the most modern in Shawano, hav- 
ing a cylinder press and other machinery for 
first-class work, driven by steam power. 

In politics Mr. Bold has always been a 
Democrat, but at local elections does not 
closely draw the party lines, preferring to 
support the man whom he thinks best quali- 
fied for office, regardless of his political com- 
plexion. In the spring of 1895 he was 
elected mayor of Shawano on the Citizen's 
ticket, defeating James Black by 59 majori- 
ty. From 1888 until 1890 he was justice of 
the peace; in 1891 was supervisor of the Sec- 
ond ward of the city of Shawano; in 1893 
was chairman of the county board of super- 
visors; and in 1894 was again appointed 
justice of the peace, serving until the spring 
of 1895 with the same fidelit}- that has 
marked his official career in its various ca- 
pacities. Socially Mr. Bold is a member of 
Neptune Lodge, No. 46, I. O. O. F., and 
has been delegate to two grand lodges. He 
is a member of the Germania Society of Mil- 
waukee, and organized Enterprise Encamp- 
ment I. O. O. F. He is one of the leading 
men of the city, prominently identified with 
its public interests, a man who faithfully does 
his dut}- to himself, to his neighbor, and to 
his country. His public and private career 
are alike above reproach, and all who know 
him respect him. 

JOHN H. COFFMAN, one of the most 
prominent citizens of the village of 
Marion, Waupaca county, where he 
owns a handsome home and a well- 
cultivated farm adjoining, is a retired rail- 
road man. For many jears he was connect- 
ed with several of the best western railroads, 
and when, as an official of the Milwaukee, 
Lake Shore & Western railroad, which was 
built through the rich virgin lands of northern 
Wisconsin, he saw the possible development 
of that region, he forthwith acquired a well- 
selected farm, and upon his retirement from 
active railroad life identified himself with the 
interests of the Upper Wisconsin \'alley. 

Mr. Coffman was born in Edgar county, 
111., September i, 1838, son of \\'illiam and 
Lydia (Akard) Coffman, natives of \'irginia, 
who at a very early day migrated by team 
to Edgar county, 111., and settled upon wild 
land in Grandview township. Mr. Coffman 
improved the land, devoted it to fruit cul- 



ture, and made it his home for Hfe. He died 
from injuries caused by his being accident- 
ally run into by a railroad engine while 
walking on the track. His excellent wife 
preceded him to the grave, dying November 
5, 1 87 1. They reared a family of twelve 
children, as follows: James, a resident of 
Kansas, 111. ; Joseph, his twin brother, a 
resident of Dudley, 111. ; Susan, wife of 
Lindsay Welch, of Edgar county, 111. ; 
Jerome, a resident of Arkansas; John H. ; 
Caroline, wife of John Welch, of Evanston, 
111. ; Daniel, who occupies the old home- 
stead in Edgar county. 111. ; George, a depu- 
ty sheriff at Chicago, 111. ; Mary, now Airs. 
Ratz, of Kansas; Frank, of Arkansas; Belle, 
wife of Rev. Schuman, a M. E. minister, 
now of Kansas; and America, wife of Will- 
iam Low, of Paris, Illinois. 

Our subject was reared on the farm and 
educated in the schools of Grandview town- 
ship, and at the academy at Paris, 111. He 
enlisted at Paris June 14, 1862, in Company 
G, Seventieth 111. V. I., for three months, 
serving at Camp Butler and at Alton, 111., 
in guarding prisoners until mustered out in 
October, 1862. Returning to Edgar coun- 
ty, he sold histories of the war until 1865, 
when he entered the service of the Chicago 
& Alton road as a conductor. Remaining 
in that capacity six years on the C. & A. , he 
in 1 87 1 assisted in the construction of the 
Indiana, Bloomington & Western railroad, 
running the construction train between Pe- 
oria and Danville. The following year he 
accepted a run on the Chicago and North 
Western road, with headquarters at Clinton, 
Iowa. In 1877 he came to Wisconsin, run- 
ning as conductor on the Oconto branch, and 
on the Marshfield and Southern divisions. 
He was with the Milwaukee, Lake Shore & 
Western when the Northern division was built 
through to Ashland, and the station Marion 
— ^where he now lives — was by Manager 
Reed named after Mrs. Coffman's sister, 
Mary, who was Mrs. James Churchill. She 
was the first white woman to come to that 
section of the country. Mary Churchill died 
July 7, 1862. Mrs. Coffman was the first 
white woman to ride over the road from 
Clintonville to Sheboygan, a distance of 105 
miles. After serving for seven years as con- 

ductor, Mr. Coffman was, in 1884, promot- 
ed to the official title of roadmaster between 
Oshkosh and Milwaukee, a position which 
he filled until 1893. Since then he has en- 
gaged in farming. 

Mr. Coffman was married, in 1865, to 
Miss Sarah A. Warnick, a native of Canada, 
daughter of John C. and Ellen (Johnson) 
Warnick, the former a native of New York, 
the latter of Canada. John C. Warnick 
was a farmer, and in 185 1 moved from 
Canada to Grant township, Shawano Co. , 
Wis., and opened up a farm, the nearest 
market then being New London. Mr. War- 
nick died February 3, 1882, his wife Janu- 
ary 20, 1885. They reared a family of 
twelve children, of whom we have record as 
follows: Charlotte, who died at Eau Claire, 
Wis., in July, 1891; Eliza, who died in 
Clinton, Iowa; Mary, who died in Shawano 
county. Wis. ; Elizabeth, who also died on 
the home place; John, who enlisted in the 
Twenty-first Wis. V. I., served three years, 
and died February 22, 1877, at Clinton, 
Iowa; Thomas, who enlisted in the Eighth 
Wis. V. C, served three years, and died in 
Madison, Wis., in 1865; Isabelle, of Osh- 
kosh; James, who enlisted in a Wisconsin 
infantry regiment, and now resides on a farm 
in Oconto county; Joseph, of Kaukauna, 
Wis., a fireman on the Chicago & North 
Western railroad; Sarah A., Mrs. Coffman; 
Susan Burslam. died February 22, 1883; 
and Archibald Warnick, now living in Ta- 
coma, Washington. 

Mr. Coffman in politics is a Democrat. 
Himself and wife are members of the M. E. 
Church, of which he is also a trustee. They 
cleared the land that now constitutes their 
pleasant and commodious home, and have 
noted the rapid development of the country 
that has followed the advent of the iron horse. 

EDWARD J. ROLLER (deceased) was 
born March 25, 1857, in Watertown, 
Dodge Co., Wis., a son of John and 
Anna (Johis) Roller, natives of Aus- 
tria, who were the parents of six children — 
Mary, Augusta, Edward J., John, Anna and 

In 1853 the parents of our subject came 



to America and to Wisconsin, settling in 
Watertown, Jefferson county, where they 
remained some ten years, then removing to 
Richwood, Dodge county, where the father 
is yet Hving, all these years following his 
trade, that of blacksmith, in connection 
with farming. The mother died November 
20, 1 886. John Roller, paternal grandfather 
of Edward J., came to America from Austria 
with his children, and died in June, 1891, 
at the age of eighty-eight years; the grand- 
mother, now at the patriarchal age of ninety 
years, is at present living at the home of 
her son John; they had two children — John 
and Anna. 

The subject proper of this memoir was 
reared on the farm, assisting his father until 
he was twenty-two years of age, at which 
time he went to Minneapolis, where he com- 
menced the trade of cooper, which he car- 
ried on there some live years, and then sell- 
ing out in 1883 embarked in the saloon trade, 
continuing thereat in Minneapolis till 1887, 
in which year he came to Tomahawk, Lin- 
coln county, and opened out a general mer- 
cantile business, one of the first in that line 
to be commenced in the place. By strict 
attention to the wants of his customers, 
honest dealing and courteous deportment, 
he succeeded in building up a remunerative 
business and surrounding himself with hosts 
of friends, among whom he was a recog- 
nized leader. In addition to his mercantile 
business he was interested in other indus- 
tries, including logging and handling of wood, 
etc. , for he was one of the most active busi- 
ness men in northern Wisconsin. But death 
interrupted his busy life, he being called from 
earth January 1, 1893, in the heyday of his 
early manhood and zenith of his usefulness, 
deeply mourned by all who knew him. 

In June, 1885, Mr. Roller was married 
to Miss Josephine M. Cabott, daughter of 
Martin and Henrietta Cabott, who were the 
parents of si.\ children, to wit: Michael, 
Leopold, Julia, Amelia, Leonard and Jose- 
phine M. Martin Cabott, father of this 
family, was born near Berlin, Prussia, in 
182 1, learned the trade of carpenter, was 
married in Posen, Germany, in 1840, and 
came to America in 1855, taking up his resi- 
dence in Detroit, Mich., where he died in 

1855. His wife was born in Berlin, Prussia, 
in 1822, a daughter of Judge John Van Zoe- 
bol, a man of considerable prominence in 
that city, who had a family of seven sons 
and five daughters. After the death of her 
husband Mrs. Henrietta Cabott moved from 
Detroit to Watertown, Wis., and was there 
married to a Mr. Howard, by whom she had 
five children, named respectively, Theodore, 
Albert, Rosa, Ferdinand and Henry. Mr. 
Howard died in the fall of 1893, but Mrs. 
Howard is yet living. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Edward J. Roller were 
born two children — Julian A. . and George E. , 
who died in infancy. In National and State 
politics Mr. Roller was a Democrat, but in 
local affairs he invariably cast his ballot for 
the candidate he considered best suited for 
the position, regardless of party ties. He 
served as deputy sheriff two years, and con- 
stable four years, filling both offices with 
eminent satisfaction.. The entire family (as 
was also Mr. Roller himself) are consistent 
members of the Catholic Church, and enjoy 
the highest esteem and regard of the com- 
munity at large. 

ALBION F. LOMBARD. If the new 
and vigorous little settlement at Ar- 
nott, Stockton township. Portage 
county, ever grows to goodly pro- 
portions, its start on the road to prosperity 
will have been given it by A. F. Lombard. 
If the village does not so thrive, it will be 
because Mr. Lombard's efforts in its behalf 
are not seconded. In other words the sub- 
ject of this sketch is a public-spirited citizen, 
zealous in advancing the interests of the 
community in which he lives, and thor- 
oughly alive to the possibilities that might 
follow wise co-operation. 

Mr. Lombard is the son of an early 
pioneer. The family of Lombards in this 
country have descended from three brothers 
who many generations ago came to the 
United States from the Island of Corsica, 
and settled at Scituate, a small fishing town 
on the coast of Massachusetts. Albion F. 
was born at Readfield, Kennebec Co., 
Maine, October 7, 1842. His father, James 
Lombard, was born at Gorham, Maine, De- 

LA, (^T^^^S^^^^z^-t^^^/i-*^ 



cember 2, 1796, and the grandfather and 
great-grandfather were Hkewise both named 
James. The father (James) was reared at 
Gorham, and there apprenticed to a saddler 
and harness-maker by his stepfather. James 
Lombard opened a shop at Readfield, 
Maine, where, September 7, 18 17, he mar- 
ried Isabella Currier, born August 31, 1799, 
at Readfield, daughter of Samuel Currier, 
the leading phj-sician of that village, whose 
practice years afterward fell to his son 
George. James Lombard's health was fail- 
ing at his trade, and he took up the study of 
medicine, preparing himself by a course at 
Bowdoin College. Practicing successfully 
at Readfield, Gorham, and Saccarappa, a 
suburb of Portland, Maine, Dr. Lombard in 
May, 1851, started with his family for Wis- 
consin. Coming by rail from Saccarappa 
to Buffalo, and by the lakes on the old 
"Wisconsin" from Buffalo to Sheboygan, 
they drove by team to Plover, where a son, 
Lewis, had preceded them. Dr. Lombard 
was a poor man, and sought a home away 
from the city where he might rear his large 
family. His children were James, Charles, 
Isabel, George, Lewis, Leonidas, Halbert, 
Orlando, Washington, Horace, Emily, 
Albion F. and Emma. Of these, George 
fa farmer of Stockton), Lewis (a farmer of 
Lanark township), Albion F. and Enmia 
(now Mrs. Sydney Stevens, of Livingston, 
Mont.), are the only survivors. His first 
settlement was in Section 32, Stockton 
township, where Lewis had pre-empted 160 
acres before the land was on sale, not re- 
ceiving his patent until 1858. Dr. Lombard 
died on that farm in 1858, from the effects 
of a long-standing complaint. He was 
buried in a private cemetery on the farm, 
which in 1891 became public, and is known 
as "Lombard Cemetery." Dr. Lombard 
was an intelligent, well-read man, far above 
the average of the early settlers. In politics 
he was a stanch Democrat. By the terms of 
the will the property was left to Albion F. 
and James, they to provide for the widowed 
mother, who survived until April 21, 1881, 
and was buried by the side of her husband. 
Albion F. Lombard attended the Maine 
schools diligently till the journey west. 
For several years there were no schools in 

Stockton, but in the winters of i860, 1861 
and 1862 he attended terms on "The 
Prairie," under that old-time instructor, 
James Walker. After his father's death 
he took charge of his half of the farm. In 
1863 many boy friends and acquaintances 
were enlisting in the army, and Albion F. 
was seized with a desire to become a sol- 
dier. He had about concluded to join the 
Seventh Wis. V. I., then stationed at 
Arlington Heights, in which an intimate 
friend, Michael Shortell, later killed on the 
Rappahannock river, had enlisted, when his 
brother Horace returned from service and 
pleaded with him not to volunteer. It took 
the united efforts of the family a long time 
to keep the boy out of service. He must go 
somewhere, however, for the spirit of ad- 
venture was in his veins. In the lumber 
country, along the Big Eau Plaine river, he 
became cook for the crew of a big raft of 
lumber and shingles bound for the South. 
Starting March 25, 1863, the first division 
of the raft collided at Clint's dam, and one 
of the crew perished, others narrowly 
escaping. The second division, containing 
Mr. Lombard, passed in safety. At Rock 
Island, 111., the raft struck one of the bridge 
piers in the Mississippi river, and was con- 
siderably damaged; but by the aid of tug 
boats repairs were made, and the one million 
feet of choice lumber loaded with shingles, 
which the raft contained, reached Quincy, 
and the lumber was sold for $18 per thou- 
sand feet. 

Receiving his pay, the young man started 
for Pike's Peak. Crossing the bridgeless 
Mississippi in a skifT, he reached St. Joe by 
rail, and staged it to Omaha. Impatiently 
waiting for a train to cross the Plains, he 
hired out to drive a team of four mules, 
hauling corn to Fort Laramie, Wyo., at 
forty dollars per month. He had to shell the 
corn himself, and started several days later. 
The wagon boss was brutal and insulting, 
and after several clashes Mr. Lombard left 
him, at Julesburg, Keb., obtaining his pay 
only after threats to sue. He had met trains 
bound for Denver at Ft. Kearney, and, join- 
ing one of them, paid his passage by work. 
Proceeding by stage to Mountain City, near 
Central City, Colo., where he expected to 



find his brother, Washington, he learned 
the latter had left for Idaho. Albion secured 
work as a laborer at a stamp mill, at $2.50 
per day; then worked in a mine at $3 per 
day, and later at the Gregory Lode at $3.50 
per day. His brother Horace joined him 
in the spring of 1865, and they worked as 
carpenters for a time, when Albion became 
foreman in a mine at California Gulch, 
Colo., at $3 per day in gold. Returning 
to Black Hawk, he, with the brother 
took a wagon train for Omaha. Here for a 
short time he worked for the Union Pacific 
Railway Co. , and, work becoming scarce, 
hired out in the spring of 1866 as a laborer 
in the construction of the Union Pacific 
road at Columbus, Neb., 100 miles west of 
Omaha. One month of this work was 
enough, and returning to Omaha he drove 
wagon to Denver, and mined during the 
summer. Back to Omaha he went again in 
the fall to find his brother Horace doing 
contracting work, and hired out to him as a 
carpenter, being a great help to him in 
time of misfortune. During the winter of 
1866-67 he hauled wheat to a mill twenty 
miles up the river from Omaha for Edward 
Creighton, afterward a multi-millionaire. 

Hiring out on bridge construction for the 
Union Pacific road in the spring of 1867, 
Mr. Lombard learned on reaching his desti- 
nation that "no hands were needed." A 
company of soldiers passing <■// route to 
Cheyenne, where barracks were to be erect- 
ed, he hired out to Col. Carlin for $100 per 
month. Six weeks later, because a comrade 
was discharged, he quit, too, and did job work 
at Cheyenne for$io per day. By fall he had 
saved several hundred dollars, and he re- 
turned to Wisconsin, where he spent the 
winter. Returning to Omaha in the spring, 
he was actively engaged in bridge and trestle 
building for the Union Pacific road as far 
west as Corinne, Utah. He witnessed the 
celebrated ceremonies attending the com- 
pletion of the road, June 9, 1869, and soon 
after, learning of the death of his brother 
James, he returned to Stockton township, 
Portage Co., Wis., and took charge of the 
farm. He also engaged in the sale of agri- 
cultural implements and farm machinery. 
In 1890 he sold the "home farm," and 

erected several buildings at Arnott Station, 
doing much to establish and improve busi- 
ness at that point. There he erected the 
first potato warehouse, a building 40 x 60 
feet, leasing it to Mr. Carley, who afterward 
bought it. He also sold other buildings, 
and thus diversified the interests at the lit- 
tle station. His business in implements and 
farm machiner}^ grew so rapidly that in 1893 
he built a large warehouse, and he has since 
added a select line of hardware. His pres- 
ent stock would be a credit to a larger town. 
On April 22, 1895, he met with a heavy 
loss by fire, amounting to some $3,500, on 
which he had an insurance of only $1,100; 
but in no ways discouraged, he has rebuilt, 
and has now an even finer place of business 
than was his old one. 

In politics Mr. Lombard is independent, 
and votes for the best man. He is well- 
informed on matters of general interest, and 
is widely known. He possesses the full con- 
fidence and friendship of his wide circle of 
acquaintances, and a more popular and 
genial man it would be difficult to find. 
Sufficiently provided with worldlj' goods to 
make labor unnecessary, he enjoys life by 
building up the interests of the locality in 
which he lives. 

REV. JOHN EISEN, pastor of St. 
John's Church of Marshfield, was 
born in the village of Weisendorf, 
Bavaria, Germany, April 22, 1856, 
and is a son of John Eisen, who was born in 
the same locality in 181 2. He married 
Margaret Bessler, who was born in Bavaria 
in 1818, and they became the parents of 
three children: Barbara, Michael and John, 
but the last named is the only one of the 
family that ever came to America. The sis- 
ter, Mrs. Stoehr, died in 1881. The father 
was called to the home beyond in 1865, and 
the mother, who survived him some years, 
passed away in 1 888. 

Father Eisen acquired his primary edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native 
land, which he attended until thirteen years 
of age, when he entered college in the city 
of Bamberg, there pursuing his studies until 
1878. In that year he entered the Univer- 



sity of Louvain in Belgium, and in 1882 was 
ordained a priest at Luxemburg. His entire 
life has been devoted to the work of the 
ministry, and in his clerical calling he came 
to America in March, 1883, being first sta- 
tioned at Chippewa Falls, where he served 
as assistant priest for four months. He was 
then appointed pastor of the church in Ells- 
worth, Wis. , over which he remained in 
charge for eight years and ten months. His 
residence in Marshfield dates from May, 
1892, at which time he was called to the 
pastorate of St. John's Church. 

His labors here have been untiring, and 
it was largely through his instrumentality 
that the fine brick edifice which is now used 
as their house of worship was erected. A 
school is also conducted in connection with 
the church, in which six teachers are em- 
ployed and 462 pupils are enrolled. Father 
Eisen has given himself to his work with an 
unselfish devotion that has brought good re- 
sults to the churches with which he has been 
connected. He is an indefatigable worker, 
earnest!}' striving to benefit his people, and 
he has their confidence and respect in an 
eminent degree. 

nent merchant of Mosinee, Mara- 
thon county, and senior member of 
the firm of C. Gardner & Co., was 
born in Mosinee in November, 1857, a son 
of Henry B. and Ellen R. (Priest) Gardner, 
who were born in New York State. 

Henry B. Gardner came west about the 
year 1853, and at first locating in Minne- 
sota; but after a short residence there re- 
moved to Marathon county. Wis., and set- 
tled near Mosinee, being among the pioneers 
of that district. After coming to Marathon 
county he worked in the pineries and at lum- 
bering and logging, was for some years en- 
gaged in shingle manufacturing, and for 
several years conducted a hotel called the 
" Prairie House," about four miles north of 
Mosinee, on the Wausau and Stevens Point 
road. Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Gardner 
were the parents of three children, all of 
whom are living, namely: Charles A., the 
subject of this sketch; and George F. and 

Henry A., lumber manufacturers, their mill 
being situated about six miles from Mosinee. 
In 1863 Henry B. Gardner enlisted in the 
Thirty-eighth Wis. V. L, and was killed in 

Charles A. Gardner was educated in the 
public schools of Mosinee, Marathon Co., 
Wis., then engaged in lumbering and agri- 
cultural pursuits until July, 1887. In May, 
1887, in Oshkosh, Winnebago Co., Wis., 
he was united in marriage with Miss Effie P. 
Locke, and one son, Raymond Locke, has 
been born to them. Mrs. Gardner is a 
daughter of Alfred and Pauline Locke, the 
former of whom resides in Oshkosh; the lat- 
ter died in 1893. In July, 1887, Mr. Gard- 
ner, in connection with his brothers George 
F. and Henry A., embarked in mercantile 
pursuits. In 1890 George F. and Henr}' A. 
retired from the business, and our subject 
formed a co-partnership with Louis Dessert 
and Frank McReynolds, under the present 
firm name of C. Gardner & Co. 

Politically, Mr. Gardner is a stanch Re- 
publican, and he served as president of the 
village of Mosinee one term; socially, he is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen of 
America. He is a live, progressive business 
man, enjoys the esteem not only of the resi- 
dents of Mosinee, but of all who are ac- 
quainted with him, and his high character 
and genial qualities have made him generally 

the pioneer settlers and a most popu- 
lar resident of Babcock, Wood coun- 
ty, was born in Pittsfield, Lorain 
Co., Ohio, August 9, 1823. He is a son of 
Henry and Matilda (Williams) Remington, 
and was the first white child born in the 
town. His parents were New Englanders, 
his father being a descendant of the Turkey 
Hills Remingtons of Connecticut, while his 
mother came of the Williams family of 
Rhode Island. In 1822 the father removed 
from Berkshire county, Mass., to Ohio, leav- 
ing Washington Mountain, Mass. , in Jan- 
uary of that year, and traveling all the way 
on a sled drawn by oxen, the trip consuming 
forty days, and during the last six miles of 



the journey they had to cut their way 
through the dense forests. They were the 
first family to settle in Pittsfield, Ohio. 
There the birth of our subject occurred the 
following year. 

When Henry W. was a child of four 
years he accompanied his parents on a visit 
to Massachusetts, and there for the first time 
saw how people lived in civilization. In 1837 
the father again thought it best to go West 
and removed to Steuben county, Ind., locat- 
ing in the midst of a wilderness. There he 
went through all the hardships and priva- 
tions that are known to frontier life, and for 
three years struggled to maintain his health 
against the fevers and agues that prevailed 
in that new country. At one time he nearly 
died when twenty miles from his home, 
where were his wife and three sons and three 
daughters, all sick and unaware of his con- 
dition. This determined him to retrace his 
steps and leave the far western frontier for 
a time, so in January, 1840, he returned to 
Lorain county, Ohio, and settled in the town 
of Amherst, where his death occurred in 
January, 1891, he having reached the ad- 
vanced age of ninety-five years. His wife 
passed away in 1882, at the age of eighty- 
three years. 

Henry W. Remington had accompanied 
his parents on their various removals in his 
youth. The Presidential election of 1840 
aroused him to action, and he attended all 
of the political meetings possible, and often 
made speeches to the audiences assembled. 
Although he knew but little about schools at 
that time, he was very familiar with the his- 
tory of his country and its great men. His 
leisure hours in the woods and in his cabin 
home were often spent in study, and his 
mother proved to him a good teacher. The 
year following he obtained permission to 
leave home and began teaching school, 
which he followed at intervals until twenty 
years of age, also attending school within 
that period. He also worked as an assist- 
ant in the county treasurer's office, and while 
thus employed he studied surveying. 

About this time his father became finan- 
cially embarrassed, and was so discouraged 
that he expressed himself as ready to give up 
the contest for his home, but Henry W. , 

then just of age, looked more upon the 
bright side of life and determined to aid his 
father in the difficulty. He had but little 
time to act, but at once bought goods which 
he began to sell as a peddler, traveling as 
far east as Newport, R. I., and as far west 
as Nauvoo, 111., during the succeeding four 
months. At the latter place Joe Smith, the 
prophet, and his brother had just been killed, 
and the Mormon war was in progress. At 
Carthage, 111., he was captured by the anti- 
Mormons, and held prisoner for a week as a 
Mormon sympathizer. Soon after he was 
captured by the Mormons and imprisoned by 
them for three weeks. He was a witness of 
the killing of the sheriff of Hancock county, 
saw most of the incidents of the war, and 
was in that locality when the settlement was 
made in which the Mormons agreed to leave 
the State. He improved his time while a 
prisoner in buying up the heaviest claims 
against his father, these being held by Mor- 
mons then in Nauvoo, and when he suc- 
ceeded in getting away he was master of the 
situation as far as his father's debts were 
concerned. He then went down the Missis- 
sippi and up the Ohio river to Cincinnati, 
thence across the State to his home, having 
in about six months time paid off all his 
father's debts, besides seeing considerable of 
the world and saving to the family their 

On his return, Mr. Remington again en- 
tered the treasurer's office, but after a few 
months purchased i 50 acres of timber land 
on credit, and began farming. The same 
year he was married he cleared and fenced 
fifty acres of his land, and sowed it in 
wheat. This property he afterward disposed 
of. He had gone security for friends, who 
could not pay him, and so he could not meet 
the payments upon his own property, and in 
consequence he sold out, paid his debts, and 
gave to his father-in-law the remainder of his 
capital, to pay for the board of his wife and 
child as long as it would last. W'ith indomi- 
table courage Mr. Remington entered the law 
office of Judge Humphriville, of Medina, 
Ohio, with whom he studied for two years, 
when he was admitted to the bar, having 
snpported himself in the meantime by car- 
penter work, by teaching school, and by try- 



ing cases in justice courts. He had also 
made a trip to Chicago, 111., and Madison 
and Milwaukee, Wis., with a team and ped- 
dler's wagon, returning to his home from the 
last named place by vvay of the lakes. 

In October, 1848, having completed his 
law studies, Mr. Remington packed up his 
carpenter's tools, surveyor's outfit, and a few 
books he had obtained, together with his 
household goods and, accompanied by his 
wife and little girl, took a steamer at Cleve- 
land for Milwaukee, where he landed No- 
vember I, 1848, so ill that he had to be 
helped ashore. He had only a few dollars 
in his pocket, and knew no one in that place. 
The roads were then almost impassable, but 
as soon as he was able to sit up he hired a 
man owning a team and lumber wagon, and 
after twelve hours of travel they found them- 
selves only fourteen miles from Milwaukee. 
After six days they reached Madison, and 
there the little daughter, after a three-weeks' 
illness, passed away on her second birthday. 
In Madison, Mr. Remington's skill as a sur- 
veyor became known, and he was soon profit- 
ably employed, being appointed by Gov. 
Dewey to appraise school lands, which oc- 
cupied his time for one year. He also had 
letters of introduction to Judge Hubbell, 
then judge of the Madison and Milwaukee 
circuit court, which he presented, and was 
admitted to the bar. Shortly after he was 
established in a large and lucrative practice, 
and in the following year formed a partner- 
ship with Judge L. B. Vilas, father of U. S. 
Senator William F. Vilas, but after a few 
years, his sight and health failing him, he in 
a great degree turned his law business over 
to others, and engaged in the construction 
of the Milwaukee & Prairie du Chien rail- 
road through to the Mississippi;aIso in improv- 
ing the streets of Madison, in constructing 
the Watertown & Madison railroad, and in 
building up the village of Black Earth. In 
1857, misfortune again overtook him. Dur- 
ing a long and severe attack of typhoid fe- 
ver his wife became insane. In the month 
of January she left him, and the care of 
their three young children devolved on him 
alone. Three days later a large amount of 
his property at Black Earth was destroyed 
by fire, shortly after a bank failed by which 

he lost $16,000, and by the collapse of the 
Watertown & Madison railroad he lost as 
much more, so that within a year the accu- 
mulations of many years of hardships and 
privations were all swept away. 

During all this time Mr. Remington was 
prominent in political matters, and succeed- 
ed in introducing into the Legislature resolu- 
tion for the closing of saloons on election 
days, for he believed that drunkenness 
caused much of the ill-feeling and trouble 
that occurred on those days. This resolu- 
tion resulted in the passage of the present law 
in regard to the closing of all liquor saloons 
at the time of elections, and this work has 
brought to him more satisfaction than he 
would have obtained had the highest polit- 
ical favors been bestowed upon him. He 
was nominated for district attorney in 1856, 
and after a hotly contested election was 
beaten by the saloon influence by sixteen 
votes, his opponent being Hon. M. H. Or- 
ton. He warmly advocates Democratic 
principles, but has really never cared for polit- 
ical preferment. 

In i860, Mr. Remington came to Wood 
county, and engaged in the lumbering busi- 
ness and the cultivation of cranberries, and 
was also instrumental in the building of the 
Valley railroad from Tomah to Wausau, 
Wis., and was vice-president of the com- 
pany. He has repeadily served as chairman 
of the town and county boards of supervis- 
ors, and has served one term in the State 
Legislature, and has been prominently con- 
nected with all public enterprises calculated 
to advance the general welfare. He has now 
partially retired from active business (spends 
some of his time writing for the Press on 
various subjects), and is living in the town of 
Remington, which was named in his honor. 

Mr. Remington was twice married, first 
wedding Betsy Wiling, by whom he had 
three children: Dora, wife of Eber Steile, 
of Amherst, Ohio; William H. ; and Amanda 
Ellen, wife of Adelbert Cleveland, of Rem- 
ington. In 1858, in Madison, Wis., he 
wedded Susan McGlyn, widow of Andrew 
Clavin, and they have a son, Henry, a con- 
ductor on the St. Paul & Duluth railroad, 
residing at St. Paul, Minn. Mr. Reming- 
ton is one of the oldest residents of Wood 



county, highly-esteemed for his keen intelli- 
gence and unswen-ing integrity, is recognized 
as a gentleman of unmistakable ability, and 
is respected throughout the county. 

HERMAN C. EICHE, mayor of Marsh- 
field, is one of the highly-esteemed 
and prominent citizensofWoodcoun- 
ty, and his unselfish devotion to pub- 
lic interests has won him the commendation 
of all concerned. He is numbered among 
Wisconsin's native sons, his birth having 
occurred in Meeme, Manitowoc county, 
February 8, 1856. He is descended from 
sterling German ancestry. 

His grandfather John Eiche, who was 
an officer under the Prussian government, 
was the father of two children — John B. and 
Nannie — the former of whom is the founder 
of the family in America. He was born in 
Prussia in 181 5, and in his younger years 
learned the cabinet maker's trade which he 
followed in the Fatherland until his emigra- 
tion. At the age of twenty-eight he crossed 
the Atlantic to America, and coming to 
■Wisconsin took up his residence in Mani- 
towoc county. Wis. In 1845 he was unit- 
ed in marriage with Catherine Walters, also 
a native of Prussia, who came to this coun- 
try with her three brothers: Fred, Herman 
and Joseph. They all settled in Meeme 
township, Manitowoc county, where they en- 
gaged in farming, though Herman subsequent- 
ly carried on a furniture store in Sheboygan, 
Wis., until his death. The parents of this 
family died in Prussia when Mrs. Eiche was 
only thirteen years of age. On coming to 
Wisconsin, John B. Eiche secured a farm, 
and he is yet living on the old homestead, 
having devoted his entire time and atten- 
tion to its improvement. Eight children 
were born of his marraige to Miss Walters, 
one of whom died in infancy, the others 
being George D., Leopold C., Herman, 
Mary, Anna, Nannie and Louisa. The 
mother passed away in 1 889. 

In taking up the personal history of Her- 
man C. Eiche, we present to our readers 
the life record of one who is widely and 
favorably known in Wood county — a self- 
made man, whose industrious efforts have 

brought him well-merited success. His 
earl^' years were quietly passed upon the 
home farm, while his education was acquired 
in the district school, to which he had to 
walk a distance of two and a half miles. At 
the age of sixteen he left home to fit himself 
for earning his living in some other way 
than farm labor, and began to learn the 
shoemaker's trade in Centerville, where he 
remained three years. He then learned the 
business of manufacturing cheese, and car- 
ried on a cheese factory for his father two 
years, when his father gave him the plant, 
and he operated it in his own interest one 
year. Selling out in 1879, he then removed 
to Sheboygan Falls, where he remained for 
a year, at the expiration of which time he 
purchased a saloon in Brillion, Wis., suc- 
cessfully conducting it for five years. In 
1887 he sold out that business, and has 
since been identified with Marshfield's inter- 
ests, building here, in the spring of 1888, a 
store-room, in which he began a retail 
business in wines and liquors, changing it, 
however, to a wholesale trade in 189 1. He 
manages his interests on strict business prin- 
ciples, and is always straightforward and 
honorable in his dealings. 

Mr. Eiche takes great delight in his 
home. In 1879 he married Lena Fester- 
ling, who was born in the town of Mosel, 
Sheboygan county, Wis. , a daughter of An- 
drew C. and Louisa Festerling, natives of 
Prussia, who came to America in 1847, set- 
tling on a farm in Sheboygan county. Their 
family numbered eight children as follows: 
Fred, Herman, Charles, Gustol, Menna, 
Augusta, Louisa and Lena. The mother 
died in 1890, but the father is still living. 
Four children have been given Mr. and 
Mrs. Eiche: Laura, Adelia, Reuben and 
Melvin. The principles of Democracy are 
advocated by Mr. Eiche, and he takes quite 
an active interest in political affairs. While 
residing in Brillion, Wis., he served for 
three years as school treasurer; for two 
terms has been alderman of Marshfield, and 
in 1 894 was elected its mayor, which posi- 
tion he is now creditably and acceptably 
filling. It is his earnest desire to advance 
the city's welfare, and promote all interests 
which will add to its improvement and up- 



building. Socially, he is connected with 
the I. O. O. F. and the Sons of Hermann, 
in which he has filled ail the offices. With 
no special advantages in his youth, he started 
out to fight life's battles unaided, and has 
won the victory over poverty and other diffi- 
culties, securing for himself a comfortable 

SOLOMON TRUDEAU was born in 
Canada East (now the Province of 
Quebec) May 13, 183 1, son of 
Stephen and Constance Trudeau, 
who were born in Canada of French ances- 
try, and are now both deceased. They had 
born to them ten children, of whom six are 
still living, namely: Marie, wife of Oliver 
Vigeault, residing in the Province of Quebec, 
Canada; Eloise, a sister in the Providence 
Convent at Montreal, Canada; Solomon, 
the subject of this sketch; Malena, wife of 
Conzaque Berard; Domitile and Orostile, 
residing in the Province of Quebec, Canada. 
Solomon Trudeau was reared and edu- 
cated in Canada, and when twenty-four 
years of age came to the United States, 
locating in Wausau, Marathon Co., Wis., 
where he has been a continuous resident 
some forty years. He worked in the piner- 
ies, also at rafting lumber on the Wisconsin 
river, and as foreman in sawmills for about 
twenty-eight years, since which he has not 
been engaged in any active business. In 
1879 Solomon Trudeau was united in mar- 
riage with Malena, widow of Moses Turner, 
and daughter of the late John La Messurier. 
They have had no children by this marriage. 
Mr. Trudeau is one of the few men who 
came to Wausau at an early period of its 
history, and have lived to see it grow from 
an obscure logging camp and Indian village 
to a city of prosperity and note. He is a 
man of high character, much esteemed in 
the community in which he lives. 

Malena, second living daughter of John 
La Messurier, and wife of Solomon Tru- 
deau, was born in the Isle of Guernsey 
January 7, 1837, accompanied her parents 
to America, when but four years of age, has 
been a resident of Wausau for upward of 
fifty years, and has been married three 

times. Her first husband was Isaac Coul- 
thirst, to whom she was wedded at Pine 
River, Lincoln Co. , Wis. , and by him she 
had three children, two of whom are now 
living: Ellen Maria, wife of C. W. Nut- 
ter, of Wausau; and Mary Ann, wife of 
Richard Cosgrove, residing at Chippewa 
Falls, Wis. Mrs. Trudeau's second hus- 
band was Moses Turner, by whom she had 
four children, two of whom at present re- 
side in Wausau: Alice, wife of Frederick 
Burt, and Aarah M., wife of Albert Empey. 
In 1879 occurred her marriage to Solomon 
Trudeau, as already stated. John La Mes- 
surier, father of Mrs. Solomon Trudeau, 
and one of the very earliest settlers 
in Marathon county, was born in the 
Island of Guernsey, in the English Channel, 
February 2, 1799, where he was reared and 
educated. He was united in marriage in 
Guernsey with Elizabeth H. Allej', who was 
born at Newton-Bushel, England, June 7, 
1779, and to their union were born three 
children, who came with them to America, 
and two of whom are yet living, viz. : 
Malena, wife of Solomon Trudeau, and 
Priscilla, wife of Eli R. Chase, a promi- 
nent lawyer, formerly a resident of Wausau, 
but now of Contra Costa, Cal. Coming to 
this country in 1839, Mr. La Messurier lo- 
cated at Sauk Prairie, Wis., where he 
erected the first house, the first store, and 
the first blacksmith shop ever built in the 
upper town; he also owned and operated the 
first ferry at that point on the Wisconsin 
river. He removed to Wausau, Marathon 
county, in 1846, and was a constant and 
highly-esteemed resident of that city, taking 
an active part in matters pertaining to the 
welfare of the county and of his fellowmen. 
He continued to make Wausau his home 
until his death, which occurred April 20, 
1885. His faithful wife was the third white 
woman to locate in Marathon county. 

Priscilla, youngest living daughter of 
John La Messurier, was born in the Island 
of Guernsey May 11, 1839, came to Wau- 
sau, Wis., with her parents when nine 
years of age, and lived in Wausau, Mara- 
thon county, until 1873, since which date 
she has been a resident of Contra Costa, 
Cal. In June, 1858, she was united in mar- 



riage with Eli R. Chase, who was born in 
New York State, and was a prominent law- 
yer and resident of Wausau up to 1873. 
They had four children: Margaret Adelia, 
born at ^^'ausau where she died in infancy; 
John L. , who died at the age of thirty-one 
years, and Anna, deceased when fifteen 
(they were both born in Wausau, and both 
died in California), and Gertrude, born in 
California, and died at the age of nineteen 

Kingdom of Norway, that cradle 
of the redoubtable and hardy Norse- 
men of old, the Vikings of history 
and poetry, who were wont to make the 
nations of the earth tremble with awe at 
their deeds of valor, daring and prowess, 
has given to America many of her most 
useful, enterprising, loyal and brave citi- 
zens. In them still lingers a strong leaven 
of the old Norse ardor, resolution and 
indomitable perseverance, as well as of that 
unquenchable spirit of adventure that im- 
pelled Norwegian navigators, with their 
white-winged ships, to seek out every 
quarter of the earth, some of whom left 
their footprints on the shores of this vast 
continent hundreds of years before either 
Cabot, or Cartier, or Columbus opened his 
eyes to the world. To be descended from 
such a noble race is a proud distinction, in- 
deed, one that the subject of these lines is 
justly entitled to by virtue of his blood, his 
heritage and his instincts. 

Mr. Nelson is in the heyday of his man- 
hood, having been born April 8, 1846, in 
Porsgrund, Bratsbergs Amt, Norwaj-, a son 
of Nels Andersen Toldnes and Anna Helvik 
Jacobson Hogstad (Toldnes), both also of 
Norwegian birth, the father born April 14, 
1802, in Slemdahl, the mother born, in 
1804, at the same place. In his youth the 
father learned tailoring in Porsgrund, where 
by industry he accumulated a snug property, 
following his trade till his emigration to 
the United States. He and his wife were 
the parents of children as follows, all born 
in Porsgrund, Norway: Isaac, born Janu- 
ary 27, 1827, married Anna Pernille Erik- 

son, by whom he had three children — 
Edward, Carrie P. (deceased) and Adolph 
— and after her death he married Maren 
Gullickson, by whom he had one child — 
Anna. Ingeborg Karine, born November 
27, 1829, married Jacob P. Toldnes, a 
blacksmith, and had four children — Inger 
Andrea, Maren (deceased), Mariane and. 
Nicolai. Andrew M. (who is a banker in Am- 
herst), born April 14, 1843, married for hie 
first wife Isaphena Smith, by whom he had 
one child — Henry I. (now deceased) — and 
after her decease wedded Agnes Louise 
Boss, by whom he had three children — 
Elizabeth Maud, Nellie Ernestine and Agnes 
Louis; the mother of these dying, he mar- 
ried, for his third wife, Julia Nelson, and 
they also had three children — Minnie 
Eburna, Beulah Genivieve and Winifred 
Rosamond. James J. is the subject proper 
of this biographical sketch. The mother of 
this family died in Norway in 1846, and in 
1857 the father sold his property in Pors- 
grund for twelve hundred dollars, then with 
his family set sail from the port of Pors- 
grund on the 20th of April, same year, on 
the good ship " Sjofna," Capt. P. M. Peter- 
sen, bound for Quebec, Canada, reaching 
her destination after a voyage of five weeks 
and five days. From that quaint "Gibraltar 
of America " the family at once came to 
Wisconsin via Buffalo and Milwaukee, from 
which latter city they journeyed by wagon 
to Oshkosh, thence by steamer up the Wolf 
river to Northport. The then new settle- 
ment of Scandinavia being their objective 
point, they traveled from Northport thither 
on foot, the journey occupying some seven- 
teen hours, and their first day there they 
passed with a friend, after which for a year 
they lived at the home of Isaac N. Toldnes 
(brother of our subject), who had preceded 
them to America in 1848. At the end of 
that time the father of the family purchased 
eighty acres of partially-improved land in 
Scandinavia township, Waupaca county, 
whereon he built a comfortable, if not lu.\- 
uriant, log house, where he passed the rest 
of his days, dying August 27, 1863. He was 
a son of Andreas Oleson and Isane Isaac- 
son, who lived and died in Norway, the 
parents of children as follows: Ole (who 



located in southern Wisconsin early in the 
"forties" and died there), Nels, Anders, 
Karen and Anna, all deceased. The name 
of our subject's maternal grandfather was 
Jacob Jenson, that of the grandmother be- 
ing Ingeborg Oleson. 

James J. Nelson, the subject proper of 
this review, accompanied his father and his 
brother Andrew M. to the New World in 
1857, being then a bright boy of some 
eleven summers. In Scandinavia township, 
Waupaca Co., Wis., his early educational 
training was received at the common winter 
schools of the "neighborhood," for a few 
years, his attendance being somewhat handi- 
capped, however, by the disadvantages of 
living two or three miles from the school 
house, which distance he had to tramp 
daily, the way lying through woods and 
swamps. During the summers he assisted 
his father on the farm, clearing the land of 
timber and brush, and converting it into 
smiling fields of golden grain or honey- 
laden clover. After the death of his father, 
the lad, now sixteen years old, left the old 
homestead in Scandinavia, and journeying 
to Waupaca found employment there with 
Dr. George H. Calkins, doing various 
chores for his board and farther schooling. 
At the end of five months, being an apt 
and willing student, he found himself com- 
petent to accept a position in the drug store 
of James A. Chesley, of Waupaca, and 
there remained till the following June, 
when we next find him in Oshkosh, work- 
ing in the harvest field for F. F. Kees — all 
these his younger-day experiences illustrat- 
ing with what facility he could apply him- 
self to any conditions of life, no matter 
how irksome or laborious. 

This now brings us to our subject's en- 
listment at Waupaca August 16, 1S64, in 
Company A, Forty-second Wis. V. I., Capt. 
Duncan McGregor, which regiment soon 
thereafter was ordered to Madison, Wis., 
where the companies were drilled about two 
weeks, and then sent to Cairo, 111. Here 
the colonel, E. T. Sprague, who took com- 
mand of the regiment, promoted Private 
Nelson to the position of his orderly. After 
serving eight months, he was taken sick and 
was sent to hospital, where he remained 

two months and thirteen days, at the end of 
which time he returned to Waupaca on fur- 
lough; but he had barely arrived home when 
he received orders to proceed at once to 
Madison for the purpose of receiving his 
discharge, same being granted him June 2, 

1865. On the occasion of this visit to Mad- 
ison, Mr. Nelson partook of an exceedingly 
frugal meal, consisting of a ten-cent loaf of 
bread, which he carried to the suburbs of 
the city, and there ate with a relish. (What 
a contrast within the space of a few years!) 
On regaining his health, which had been 
much impaired, he left Waupaca for Scan- 
dinavia, and for a couple of months worked 
as a farm hand for his cousin Isaac Oleson 
Solverud; then journeying to Stevens Point 
he secured work as a porter in Mrs. Kol- 
lock's hotel; but at the end of two months 
he once more came to Waupaca, and ac- 
cepted a position as clerk in the store of H. 
J. & A. Stetson, with whom he remained 
two and one-half years. On November 28, 

1866, he and his brother, Andrew M., em- 
barked in mercantile business at Amherst, 
our subject continuing, however, with the 
Stetson firm for a year after the opening out 
of the Amherst business. In 1S67 he mar- 
ried, an event that will presently be record- 
ed, and then moved from Waupaca to Am- 
herst, at once assuming charge of his inter- 
ests in the firm of A. M. & J. J. Nelson. 
This relationship continued until October, 
1870, when the partnership was dissolved, 
and our subject commenced in the same line 
for his own account, and in his present place 
of business at Amherst. 

On October 14, 1867, at Waupaca, Mr. 
Nelson was united in marriage with Miss 
Juniata Patton Andrews, Rev. M. F. Soren- 
son officiating, and children as follows have 
come to them: Herbert Sprague, born 
May 8, 1869, now a resident of Idaho 
Springs, Colo. ; George Bliss, born May 2 1 , 
1876, at present attending Wisconsin State 
University, Madison; and Laura Perry, born 
February 17, 1882. Mrs. Nelson is a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church. She is a most 
amiable, talented and educated lady, be- 
loved by all who know her, and she presides 
over the home with dignified grace, and with 
the hospitality and kindly greeting proverbial 



of the entire home. She is a native of Wis- 
consin, born July 23, 1849, in Janesville, 
Rock county, a daughter of John V. and 
Aurelia (Saxton) Andrews, the former of 
whom was born May 17, 181 8, the latter on 
November 9, 1823. Grandfather Andrews 
was born in Connecticut in 1787, and his 
wife April 8, 1797, in Broome county, N. Y., 
and they had children as follows: Solomon, 
Harmon, John V., Phelinda (now Mrs. Carl 
H. Marckstadt, of Princeton, Wis.), and 
Walter. Grandfather Saxton was born in 
Bennington county, Vt., April 8, 1785, was 
a soldier in the war of 181 2, and died some 
time in the "fifties;" he married Rosetta 
Shellhouse, who was born at Ferrisburg, 
Vt., October 12, 1792, and lived to be 102 
years old. 

John V. Andrews (Mrs. Nelson's father) 
came from Cortland county, N. Y., to Wis- 
consin in 1837, and settled in Rochester, 
Racine county, where he married, afterward 
removing to Janesville, and thence, after 
some years (in 1855), coming to Waupaca. 
Here he carried on the trade of millwright, 
which was his vocation after marriage, prior 
to which he had followed agricultural pur- 
suits. In 1 869 he removed to Rea, Andrew 
Co., Mo., where he is now living on a farm. 
During the Civil war he was in the employ 
of the government, working at his trade in 
Nashville, Tenn. The record of the chil- 
dren born to John V. and Aurelia (Saxton) 
Andrews is as follows: Edwin R. was a 
soldier in the Twenty-first Wis. V. I., serv- 
ing two and a half years in the Civil war; 
he married Virginia Harron, by whom he 
had four sons, and died in East Rockport, 
Ohio, May 30, 1887. Myra died in in- 
fancy. Mary is also deceased. Juniata P. 
is the wife of James J. Nelson. Emma re- 
sides in Waupaca. Frank M. is a resident 
of St. Joe, Mo. Anna Alma lives in King 
City, Mo. Erminie resides in Rea, Andrew 
Co., Missouri. 

In his political preferences our subject is 
a strong Republican, and, though he has 
never sought office, has yet been honored 
with positions of honor, both State and local. 
He is well-known among the politicians of 
the State. In 1894 he was a delegate to 
the State Convention, and he helped to 

nominate W. H. Upham for governor, having 
on a previous occasion been of similar assist- 
ance to Gov. Rusk. On May 17, 1895, he 
was' appointed, by Gov. Upham, commis- 
sioner of immigration for the State of Wis- 
consin. Socially, he has been affiliated with 
the F. & A. M. ; since joining the Fraternity 
at Waupaca, in 1877, has attained the 32nd 
degree, and is a member of the Mystic Shrine ; 
is also associated with Capt. Eckels Post, 
G. A. R. , at Amherst. He was baptized and 
confirmed in the Lutheran faith. In 1876 
he attended the Centennial Exhibition at 
Philadelphia. In -the early spring of 1882, in 
company with Rev. Perry Miller, he crossed 
the Atlantic in the " Devonia." and journey- 
ed through Scotland, visiting Edinburgh, 
Glasgow and the Highlands, also traveling 
through England, France, Germany, Sweden, 
Denmark and Norway, in the latter country 
visiting his old home, and the most northerly 
town in Europe — Hammerfest, in the " land 
of the midnight sun." The trip occupied 
five months, and the wanderers returned 
home by way of Glasgow, recrossing the 
Atlantic to New York in the "Furnesia." 
During the summer of 1 892, accompanied by 
his wife and children, Mr. Nelson visited the 
chief places of interest in the West, including 
Denver, Salt Lake City, Yellowstone Park, 
etc., being absent over two months on this 
delightful trip. 

Mr. Nelson is noted for his genial man- 
ners, social nature, cordiality and courtesy, 
attributes well becoming his fine physique, 
quick intuition and generous sympathies. 
These, all combined, have militated in 
making him deservedly most popular among 
all classes, and in winning for him the 
success in business, which has been built 
and reared on his well-established reputa- 
tion for integrity. Success seldom fails to 
come when it is entirely deserved. Certainly 
it has not in the case of Mr. Nelson. Wealth 
and friends have been given him, and he and 
his faithful life partner enjoy them all with 
no trace of that offensive ostentation that has 
so often shaded the lives of others. It is a 
pleasure to bear willing testimony to real 
worth, and this last testimony voices the 
sentiments of the entire community in which 
they live. In addition to his extensive busi- 



ness, the largest of the kind in Amherst, Mr. 
Nelson is closely associated with property 
interests and enterprises outside of that city. 
Few men are to be found who, unaided, have 
made in their early manhood so enviable a 
success. He is recognized as one of the most 
liberal-minded of men, believing in the es- 
sense of the golden rule — "do unto others 
as you would they should do unto you" — 
seldom a day passing without some tangible 
evidence of his philanthropical nature being 
made manifest. His delight is in helping 
others when worthy of assistance, and there 
is nothing he would not do for a friend in 
need, as many a grateful heart knows. But 
his liberality is not confined to those in dis- 
tress and affliction, for others have felt and 
appreciated the open-handedness and frank- 
ness of his generosity. When he and Rev. 
Perry Miller took their never-to-be-forgotten 
trip to Europe in 1882 (above referred to), 
all the latter's expenses were generously de- 
frayed by Mr. Nelson. 

For seven years the family lived in the 
apartments over the store, but in 1877 Mr. 
Nelson commenced building his present mod- 
ern residence, from time to time adding to 
it. The dwelling is both elegant and com- 
modious, situated in large, well-kept grounds 
ornamented with graceful trees, picturesque 
shrubbery and beautiful lawns, the mansion 
inside being furnished with all modern acces- 
sories to be found in a refined and cultivated 
home — treasures in art and bric-a-brac col- 
lected from all quarters of the world, and a 
large and carefully selected library, them- 
selves presenting evidence of the literary 
taste and accomplishments of their owners — 
the hJNi cnscuiblc presenting the refle.x of 
chaste and cultivated minds. 

IRA J. BISHOP is one of the honored 
pioneers of Waupaca county, to whom 
the experiences of frontier life are very 
familiar, for he has lived in this State 
since the time when the greater part of the 
land was in the possession of the govern- 
ment, when settlements were widely scat- 
tered, and when Indians were still frequent- 
ly seen. He was the third white child born 
in the town of Plymouth, Sheboygan Co., 

Wis. — a son of Hiram and Amanda (Bald- 
win) Bishop, natives of Oswego county. 
New York. 

Hiram Bishop's early life was spent 
mostly on the farm, where he enjoyed but 
limited educational privileges. He, however, 
abandoned the farm while yet a boy in his 
"teens," and became a sailor. In this he 
was assisted by his brother-in-law, Capt. 
Chapman, who was a man of stern de- 
meanor, but under the rough exterior there 
existed a very kind heart, and many a one 
did he help in various ways. He secured 
for Mr. Bishop a position on the lakes, 
which gave him a start in life, and Hiram 
was steadily promoted until he finally be- 
came a sailing master. He was very am- 
bitious, not content with mediocrity, but al- 
ways working his way to something better. 
He continued a sailor upon the lakes until 
twenty-two years of age, and in 1844 emi- 
grated to Sheboygan county. Wis., where 
he purchased wild land from the govern- 
ment, transforming it into one of the finest 
farms of the neighborhood. He still retains 
possession of the original eighty acres, and, 
although now seventy-two years of age, 
operates it. His wife, but six weeks his 
junior, has shared with him in all the trials 
and hardships of life, and has rejoiced with 
him as prosperity has come to them. He 
was a man of great muscular power, often 
astonishing his companions by exhibitions of 
his strength. The winter after his arrival 
in this State he boarded with a neighboring 
family, and having business in Milwaukee 
he went on foot to that place, a distance of 
sixty miles, following the Indian trails, for 
there were no roads. As hotel accomoda- 
tions there were very limited, he walked 
back ten miles in order to obtain shelter for 
the night, these seventy miles being accom- 
plished in one day. Ten months previous 
he had left. his trunk at the only hotel in Mil- 
waukee, and had hid some money in it. The 
landlord was very much surprised when he 
saw him return and secure the money. In 
the fall of I 845 he went to New York, and 
in July, 1846, married Amanda Baldwin. 

In August, 1846, Mr. Bishop brought his 
bride to the little log cabin he had erected 
on his Wisconsin farm. In payment for the 



previous winter's board he had cut the tim- 
ber from the first acre of land cleared on 
what now constitutes the site of the city of 
Plymouth, and on that ground now stand 
three churches. He ripened the first apple 
in Pljmouth, and many people came to see 
it, while Ira J., then a little boy, was often 
held up that he might also view the fruit. 
In the little home there was at first no floor 
and no windows, as lumber and building 
material were hard to get, there being no 
sawmill nearer than Sheboygan, fourteen 
miles away. These were soon supplied, but 
for a year and a half Mr. Bishop had no 
team. He would work for two days for a 
neighbor in order to get the use of an ox- 
team for a da\', but after a few years he be- 
came the owner of the best ox-team in the 
county, taking premium at the first county 
fair held in Sheboygan county. He contin- 
ued to cultivate his farm with the aid of his 
noble wife and children, until to-day the 
property is valued at several thousand dol- 
lars, (i) Ira J. Bishop is the eldest in the 
family. (2) Mary Sophia, who was born 
July 5, 185 1, and was a cultured young 
lady, died at the age of twenty-five. 

(3) Lester Tyler, born September 12, 1855, 
is engaged in merchandising and other lines 
of business in Sheboygan ; he married Eva- 
line Barnard, daughter of his partner, 
George W. Barnard; this estimable lady died 
June 15, 1895, St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
at Plymouth, being inadequate to accommo- 
date those who attended the funeral rites, 
evidence of the esteem in which she was 
held by those who knew her; she left two 
daughters, aged fourteen and ten respective- 
ly, and a son one year old; Lester pos- 
sesses excellent business ability; has been 
clerk of the court, and alderman, also city 
clerk of Plymouth, and though he is a Dem- 
crat receives a large Republican support, 
which indicates his popularity and the high 
regard in which he is held; he is accounted 
one of the prominent citizens of Sheboygan. 

(4) H. Fayette, born May 10, 1859, went 
to California in 1887, to engage in mining, 
and no news was heard of him until January 
II, 1895, when he was married. Feeling 
the necessity of an education for his chil- 
dren, Hiram Bishop turned his home into a 

school room, and gave his children as good 
advantages as were possible. All remained 
at home until after they had attained adult 
age, and strong family ties still draw them 
to the parental roof. 

In 1 861, at the earh" age of fourteen, 
Ira Bishop began teaching school, receiving 
$15 per month, out of which he paid $6 for 
board. In that work he was very success- 
ful, and won a high reputation by untiring 
application. The first school, held in a 
building 16 x 20 feet, numbered fifty pupils. 
He followed teaching fourteen }ears, and 
his wages were gradually increased to $75 
per month; but on account of ill health he 
was obliged to abandon that work. Two 
years previous he purchased 160 acres of 
land in Waupaca county, still in its primi- 
tive condition, covered with a dense growth 
of hard-wood timber, and in 1876 took up 
his residence thereon. He was then almost 
a physical wreck. He purchased two horse- 
teams, and his father gave him some grain 
to feed them until he should get located and 
at work; but he could not load the twelve 
bags of oats into the sleigh, and it required 
three days and two nights for him to drive 
from Plymouth to Symco, Wis. For al- 
most a year he boarded with Mrs. Z. Bald- 
win, his aunt, then returned and taught a 
select school of young teachers. His health 
had rapidly improved under out-door exer- 
cise, but this school warned him of the re- 
turn of difficulty, and he returned to his 
farm, on which he built a log shanty, 14 x 
20 feet, and only six feet high, having pre- 
viously made a small clearing. In it he 
lived alone for three years, cooking his food, 
when a frame house was built a short dis- 
tance off, which has since been remodeled, 
making a comfortable home. At one time 
a bear visited him while he was cutting some 
logs away from home. His lumbering was 
done on the land, and afforded him some 
means of living. 

Mr. Bishop was married December 30, 
1879, to Catherine, daughter of David and 
Catherine (Remus) Wolfred, who were of 
Holland lineage. Mrs. Bishop was born in 
Holland, and at the age of six months was 
brought to America. Her father, a farmer 
by occupation, died while en route, leaving 



three children: Ehzabeth, wife of Isaac 
Eernesse, who died in 1890, leaving twelve 
children; George C. , now a farmer of Indi- 
ana, and Mrs. Bishop, the youngest. The 
mother afterward married Peter Dillman, 
who was of the same country. She had 
brought the remains of her first husband to 
Chicago, where he was laid to rest, and thus 
she was left alone in a strange country with 
three children to support. She then went 
to Sheboygan county. Wis., where her 
father-in-law, Christopher Wolfred, lived, 
and worked hard to support her family, 
often walking three miles to do a day's wash- 
ing. The children were early forced to earn 
their own living, George starting alone for 
Indiana at the age of fifteen. There he se- 
cured work, and through honorable dealing 
has secured a good home; he is married and 
now has a family of five children. By her 
second marriage Mrs. Dillman became the 
mother of five children: John, a fisherman 
of Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. ; Peter, who oper- 
ates the old homestead, and cares for his 
mother, who is now seventy-two years of 
age; Crena, wife of Jacob Verdoin, a resi- 
dent of Sheboygan, Wis., and two who died 
in infancy. 

Mrs. Bishop began earning her living at 
the age of fourteen, and later learned the 
dress-making trade, which she followed until 
the time of her marriage, accumulating con- 
siderable money, with which she furnished 
her home at the time of her marriage. To- 
gether Mr. and Mrs. Bishop have labored, 
transforming the rugged wilderness into an 
inviting home, and the success which has 
come to them is due no more to the industry 
and enterprise of the husband than to the 
economy and good management of the wife. 
The privations and discouragements of pio- 
neer life have been theirs in common with 
all who have striven to extend the bounds 
of civilization. In connection with farming 
Mr. Bishop is engaged in raising hogs and 
in the dairy business, and during the winter 
of 1894 his wife made eleven hundred 
pounds of butter. This worthy couple have 
the highest regard of all who know them, 
for their many e.xcellencies of character 
command admiration and respect. They 
are earnest advocates of the cause of popu- 

lar education. Socially Mr. Bishop is con- 
nected with Plymouth Lodge No. 71, I. O. 
O. F. From the Territorial days of Wis- 
consin he has resided within her borders, 
has witnessed her entire growth as a State, 
and has ever borne his part in the work of 
upbuilding and advancement, being num- 
bered among her valued citizens, as well as 
honored pioneers. 

NATHAN S. LOCKE, one of the 
prominent and influential citizens of 
Antigo, is a native of the "Old 
Granite State," his birth having 
taken place October 27, 1837, in the town 
of Hopkintown, New Hampshire. 

The Lockes are a well-known family in 
New England, and date their ancestry back to 
John Locke, who was born in London, Eng- 
land, Sept. 16, 1618, and came to New Eng- 
land about 1638. He was a man of great 
energy and courage, serving as captain in 
the French and Indian wars of the early 
days, and was so instrumental in defeating 
the Indians in several of their descents upon 
the town as to incur their special enmity. 
As afterward appeared, eight of their num- 
ber journeyed from Canada to Rye, N. H., 
with the express purpose of killing him. 
They succeeded in their attempt August 26, 
1692, but found the task one of difficulty 
and danger. He was attacked while reap- 
ing grain in the field, and the sickle with 
which the brave man stoutly defended 
himself, and which was broken in the com- 
bat, is now in the museum of the State His- 
torical Society, and on exhibition at their 
family reunions. Capt. John Locke's de- 
scendants now form a numerous and in- 
fluential family. • More than two hundred, 
including representatives of the fifth to the 
ninth generation, were present at the re- 
union held August 26, 1892, at Rye, N. H., 
where their reunions are held in honor of 
the memory of their heroic ancestor. Capt. 
John Locke was the great-grandfather of 
Jonathan Locke, who was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war, and served at the battle 
of Bunker Hill with great distinction. 

Jonathan Locke's son David, father of 
Nathan S. Locke, our subject, was born at 



Epsom, N. H., January 19, 1795. He was 
a wheelwright by trade; he also owned a 
farm which he managed with success. He 
was an only son, and had five sisters. He 
was a man of enterprise and integrity. On 
December 23, 181 8, he married Elizabeth 
S. Chase, who was born at Pittsfield, N. H., 
May II, 1 796, and who was a relative of 
Chief Justice Chase, and also of Bishop 
Chase. Ten children were born of this mar- 
riage, as follows: Drusilla L. , Alpheus C, 
Mary E., Sarah C, Milton P., Ann M., 
Silas M., Nathaniel C, Nathan S. and 
George H. Neither of these six sons has 
ever used tobacco or liquors of any kind, nor 
has their father. This family inherited hab- 
its of frugality and industry, so productive 
of success with the true New Englander, 
by which some of them have won for them- 
selves positions of honor and usefulness they 
now enjoy, and by which all have attained 
a competency, some having become wealthy. 
These brothers have given the world some 
of the most valuable inventions that have 
ever been produced for controlling the pres- 
sure of steam and water; they have valu- 
able patents, in England, Germany and 
France, on devices which regulate steam 
and water pressures. They own a large 
plant at Salem, Mass., and manufacture 
their own machines. Nathaniel C, the well- 
known inventor, has made this a special 
study for more than twenty-five years, and 
is probably one of the best-informed men in 
the world to-day on this subject. The 
mother of this family, after a noble Chris- 
tian life, died at Hopkintown, N. H., in 
1869; the father, David Locke, after a 
quiet, useful life, died at the same place in 

Nathan S. Locke, of this family, was 
given all the advantages of good schools, 
and was a student for two years in the 
Claremont (N. H.) Seminary, by careful 
improvement of his time becoming quite 
skilled in the trade of house building. At 
the age of twenty-one he went to Lewiston, 
Maine, living in the home of his oldest 
brother, Alpheus. About this time he 
learned the art of photography, and followed 
the business for five years in Lewiston, also 
two years in Boston. In 1865 he came 

west, locating at Green Bay, Wis., where 
he pursued his former vocation for a short 
period of time, after which he purchased a 
farm in Outagamie county. Wis., and began 
the enterprise of farming with all the per- 
sistent industry which characterizes his na- 
ture, and in the course of a few years he be- 
came a successful and well-to-do farmer. 
He was married November 7, 1865, to Ab- 
bie G. Ware, who was born in Kennebec 
county, Maine, daughter of Cyrus E. and 
Nancy A. (Mitchell) Ware, who were the 
parents of five children, whose names are: 
Mary M., Abbie G. , Emma H., Nancy E. 
and James F. Her father's famil}' came 
west in 1855, and settled in Outagamie 
county, Wis., where Mr. Ware engaged in 
lumbering and general mercantile business. 
He was an active business man, and amassed 
a fortune. He was a Republican in poli- 
tics, and during his lifetime held numerous 
public offices, though in no sense an office- 
seeker. His son James F., an attorney-at- 
law, is a graduate of Lawrence University, 
Wis., and also of Ann Arbor (Mich.) Law 
School. He was a member of the State 
Assembly in 1880, 1881, 1883, and he was 
elected State Senator in 1884, in which ca- 
pacity he remained until 1888, proving a 
hard worker, never shirking responsibility, 
but by honest endeavor proving himself ca- 
pable of filling the prominent positions into 
which he was frequently placed. He also 
created and worked for the passage of im- 
portant bills which have proved to be for 
the betterment of the people of Wisconsin; 
the establishing of the Home for Friendless 
Children at Sparta, Wis., and other bills 
which have greatly improved the State laws 
relative to social purity. Abbie G., of this 
family, wife of Nathan S. Locke, was form- 
erly a student at Lawrence University, and 
was for eight j-ears a successful and favorite 
teacher in the public schools of Outagamie 
county. Wis. , where she was universally es- 
teemed for her many virtues, and correct 
Christian living. She became early identi- 
fied with the Woman's Christian Temper- 
ance organization, to which she is ardentl}' 
attached. In May, 1866, Nathan S. Locke 
and wife united with the Congregational 
Church at Hortonviile, Wis., wherein Mr. 



Locke was a leading and influential member, 
and superintendent of the Sunday-school for 
years. And through all these years of char- 
acter building they have sought instruction 
from the great Giver of all our blessings. 

Mr. Locke sold his farming interests in 
1882, and moved to Antigo. which was then 
in its infancy. He invested in village lots, 
and land, and began building houses to sell 
and rent. He has had a prosperous busi- 
ness, building generally for himself, though 
he has built quite a number for other people. 
He has aided several societies in securing 
houses of worship and parsonages; was a 
liberal contributor toward securing the rail- 
road improvements at Antigo; he has al- 
ways aided financially in the temperance 
work of the place, of which cause both he 
and his wife are strong advocates. He is 
closely identified with the growth of the 
town, and takes great interest in its advance- 
ment and prosperity. He owns quite a 
large amount of real estate, both in the city 
and county, and is one of those who add 
largely to the upbuilding of their commu- 

lieved the Whitson family, of whom 
this gentleman is a worthy represen- 
tative, were of Welsh descent, im- 
migrating to this country about the time the 
English captured New Amsterdam (now 
Long Island) from the Dutch. They were 
all Quakers, and, as a rule, followed agri- 
cultural pursuits. 

Abraham Underbill Whitson, the father 
of our subject, was born on Long Island, in 
Queens county, in 1810, where he received 
his primary education and was employed 
about the farm. In early manhood he was 
united in marriage with Hannah C. Willis, 
of Long Island, where she was born in 18 10, 
of English parentage. To this union were 
born si.\ children, viz. : Ann, now Mrs. 
Miles (a widowj, living in Marquette county, 
Wis. ; Sarah, now Mrs. Frink, a resident of 
the same place; Abraham, the eldest son, 
who went west and was killed by the Indi- 
ans (when last heard from he was in Idaho) ; 
Daniel, unmarried, and living in southern 

Nebraska; Townsend W., married, and living 
on the old homestead, in Packwaukee, Mar- 
quette Co., Wis., where the father settled 
in 185 1, and died in in 18.S0; the mother's 
death occurred in 1892. 

Edward W. Whitson is the youngest of 
the family, having been born on Long Island, 
April I, 1851. He was but an infant when 
his parents came to Wisconsin in 1851, and 
here he received his primary education 
in the common schools, but later in life at- 
tended the academy at Madison, Dane Co., 
Wis., for two years. During his early life 
Mr. Whitson was employed about the farm; 
but on attaining his majority he accepted a 
position as clerk in a store at Madison, re- 
maining there one year. In 1882 he was 
married to Anna D. Jones, at Montello, 
Marquette Co., Wis., and immediately after- 
ward entered the employ of D. J. Spauld- 
ing, of Unity, Clark Co., Wis., as clerk and 
lumber shipper, remaining there three years. 
He then moved to Merrill, Lincoln Co., 
Wis., and engaged in the lumber business. 
In 1889 Mr. Whitson came to Tomahawk and 
entered theemployof the Tomahawk Lumber 
Co., as foreman of their lumberyard, which 
position he filled one year; but being a young 
man of great ambition, he soon afterward 
engaged in the mercantile business for him- 
self, which he still continues to carry on, 
having been very successful. In 1878, be- 
fore his marriage, Mr. W^hitson worked for 
one year in the Black Hills mines, being em- 
ployed by a government surveying party, 
and also by a stage company for one year. 
Mrs. Whitson is a daughter of John C. and 
Jane (Pritchard) Jones, both natives of 
Wales, who came to America when very 
young. They were married in Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Jones was a farmer by occupation, a 
highly-educated man, very much respected, 
and one to whom people often went for 
advice. His death occurred in 1867; his 
widow is still living. Mrs. Whitson is one 
of a family of ten children, viz. : John C, 
Richard L. , Anna D., Maggie, William C. 
Elias, David C, Robert R. , Edward and 
Ellen. Mr. and Mrs. Whitson have four 
children: Anna E., Grace M., Mabel and 

Mr. Whitson has always been a stanch 



Republican, a man of strong character and 
great influence, and is looked up to, respect- 
ed and admired by the entire community. 
In 1 874 he was elected mayor of Tomahawk, 
this being his first public office. Socially, 
he is a Mason, being a charter member of 
Tomahawk Lodge No. 243, and has filled 
all the chairs, having been a member of this 
society since he was twenty-two years of 
age; he still takes an active part in the work. 
In religious faith the family are members of 
the Congregational Church. 

JOHN FINCH. That a review of the 
life of such an energetic and enter- 
prising individual, as is the subject of 
this memoir, should have prominent 
place in the pages of a work of this kind is 
peculiarly proper; because a knowledge of 
men, whose substantial record rests upon 
their attainments, character and success, 
must at all times e.xert a wholesome influence 
upon the rising generation of the American 
people, and can not fail to be more or less 
interesting to those of maturer years. 

Mr. Finch is a native of Niles, Berrien 
Co., Mich., born May 18, 1834, to Benoni 
W. and Elizabeth (Hollimond) Finch, who 
were of English and Scotch descent, re- 
spectively, the father born in Dutchess 
county, N. Y., the mother in Woodville, 
Miss. Benoni Finch was captain of a boat 
that plied on the St. Joseph river, Michigan, 
between Niles and St. Joseph, and in 1835 
he moved with his family, consisting of wife 
and eight children, to Milwaukee, Wis., 
where he engaged in the manufacture of 
brick. He built the first brick house ever 
erected in Milwaukee, and was the first sheriff 
of Milwaukee county — in fact active in all 
the affairs of a public nature at that early 
period. He died of cholera morbus August 
15, 1 85 1, and lies buried near Fort Atkinson, 
Wis., whither he had moved in 1841, follow- 
ing farming there until 1846, in which year 
he came to Stevens Point, where he carried 
on lumbering operations; and it was while 
on a visit to Fort Atkinson that death over- 
took him as above related. In his political 
predilections he was a Whig. 

The subject proper of this memoir re- 

ceived a liberal common-school education, 
and when seventeen years old, the time of 
his father's decease, took up the lumbering 
business, with which he has ever since been 
prominently identified — logging and running 
lumber on the Wisconsin river by contract, 
commonl}' known as " piloting," by which 
it will be seen that he is a pioneer in that 
industry in this section of the State. From 
boyhood Mr. Finch has been a consistent 
Democrat, the only vote he ever recorded 
on the Republican ticket having been for 
Abraham Lincoln when he first ran for 
President, and he has always, as a leader in 
his party, taken an active interest in poli- 
tics. His ability and administrative qualifi- 
cations have received substantial recogni- 
tion by the people, he having been several 
times placed in positions of honor and re- 
sponsibility. In 1877 he was elected sheriff 
of Portage county by a flattering majority 
of 190, and after serving two years he was 
re-elected in 1882, this time for a three- 
years' incumbency, after which he served 
four years as under sheriff. In 1886 he re- 
ceived the appointment of chief of police at 
Stevens Point, in which capacity he served 
five years, proving himself a most active 
official, and a terror to evil-doers. While 
he was under sheriff Mr. Finch attended to 
all the criminal business. 

In 1855 Mr. Finch was married to Miss 
Malinda jjarrett, daughter of Joel Barrett, 
a farmer and lumberman by occupation, who 
came to Wisconsin from Montreal, Canada, 
and to this union were born nine children, a 
brief record of whom is as follows: Frankie 
H. is married to E. R. Week, of Alexandria, 
Ind. ; Marion L. is the wife of August Fulker, 
a druggist of Merrill, Wis. ; Lizzie A. is mar- 
ried to Eugene Martin, of Cadott, Wis., in 
the lumber business; Carrie E. is married to 
Charles E. Smith, who is engaged in rail- 
road insurance business at Chicago, 111. ; 
Henry J., assistant postmaster at Stevens 
Point, is married to Josie Main; Addie L. 
is the wife of Frederick Perkins, a locomo- 
tive engineer, with residence in Abbottsford, 
Wis. ; while Robert B. , Merle E. and John 
H. are all yet at home. Of these, Mrs. 
Frankie H. Week, from the age of six- 
teen to the time of her marriage, was a sue- 

"/X^-- cr^^^-^-w:^ 



cessful teacher in the public schools, chiefly 
of Portage county, also in the La Crosse 
High School, all in Wisconsin, and for three 
terms was president of the board of educa- 

Politically Mr. Finch is a stanch Demo- 
crat, and April i6, 1893, he was appointed 
to his present position of postmaster at 
Stevens Point, taking possession of the office 
May 27, 1893. He is by nature admirably 
qualified to fill any public office of trust, and 
during his several incumbencies he has never 
been charged with anything approaching 
even a tinge of impropriety or informality, 
in all business relationships proving himself 
a thoroughly efficient and competent officer. 

senting to our readers the life record 
of this gentleman we record the 
history of a self-made man, a public 
spirited citizen, and of one who in the esteem 
of those who know him occupies a most 
enviable position. He was born in Durand, 
111., on the 8th of May, 1861, and is de- 
scended from one of the early New England 
families. His grandfather, Allen Ames, 
was one of a family of seven brothers and 
sisters, and during his boyhood removed 
from his native State, Massachusetts, to 
New York, where he was reared to man- 
hood. He there married Aloma Thompson, 
and they became the parents of six children: 
Milo, Anice, Lorinda, Hila, Lavern and one 
who died in infancy. In his early life Allen 
Ames worked in a sawmill and lumberyards, 
but subsequently gave his attention to agri- 
cultural pursuits. He is still living near 
Jamestown, N. Y. , but his wife died about 

Milo E. Ames, Capt. Ames' father, was 
born in the town of Stockton, Chautauqua 
Co., N. Y., in 1826, and having arrived at 
years of maturity married Lydia D. Childs, 
who was born in Massachusetts, but in early 
life was taken to the Empire State. Her 
mother Dolora (Crawford) Childs, died in 
Massachusetts, when she was only eight 
years of age, after which the father married, 
again, having one child by the second union. 

His death occurred in New York. In the 
Empire State, Milo E. Ames carried on 
farming until 1844, when he removed with 
his family to Rock county, Wis., but after 
a short time went to Durand, 111., where he 
engaged in the furniture business. In 1868 
he returned with his family to New York, 
where his wife died the following year, while 
he survived her only until 1871. Their 
children, seven in number, bear the names 
of Lona D., Flora E., Belle D., Elmer E., 
Solon H., Ella C. and Eunice D. 

Captain Ames was left an orphan at the 
age of ten years. The family was then 
broken up, and in order to earn a living he 
worked as a farm hand through the summer 
months, while in the winter season he at- 
tended school, his time being thus passed 
until he was nineteen years of age. When 
a youth of twelve years he decided to come 
to Wisconsin and, making the journey alone, 
at length arrived at the home of his moth- 
er's brother in Mayville, Dodge county. 
Seven years later he went to Ripon, Wis., 
and learning the miller's trade, followed that 
pursuit for six years, or until the spring of 
1886, when he came to Marshfield and en- 
tered the employ of the Upham Manufactur- 
ing Company, with whom he remained for 
two years as second miller. He then acted 
as their traveling salesman for two years, 
and in the spring of 1891 embarked in the 
furniture business in connection with G. W. 
Upham, under the firm name of E. E. 
Ames & Co., the partnership continuing un- 
til May, 1894. He then sold his interest to 
Mr. Upham, and organized the Marshfield 
Bedding Company, of which he is the 
heaviest stockholder. He was elected its 
secretary and treasurer, and soon became 
general manager and superintendent of what 
is now one of the leading enterprises of the 
city. Employment is furnished to thirty 
workmen, and the industry is managed on 
strict business principles; the employes are 
paid good wages, are treated with considera- 
tion, and in return labor for the interests of 
the company, and turn out first-class work, 
which finds a ready sale in the market. 
Ever fair and honorable in all business 
transactions, Mr. Ames has won the confi- 
dence and good wishes of those with whom 



he has had dealings, and prosperity is now 
attending his efforts. 

In Ripon, Wis., October 15, 1884, was 
celebrated the marriage of Captain Ames 
and Lulu Belle Stephens, who was born in 
Wisconsin in 1863, a daughter of James and 
Abbie S. (Derby) Stephens. The parents 
were natives of Lewis county, N. Y., the 
father born in 1822, and in the family were 
three children: Lulu Belle, Carlos D., and 
Clara S. The grandfather, James Steph- 
ens, belonged to a family that were of the 
Quaker faith. The maternal grandparents, 
James and Abbie Stephens, emigrated to 
Wisconsin in 1850, and the former died 
in March, 1886. The family of Mr. and 
Mrs. Ames numbers two interesting daugh- 
ters, Clara Belle and Gladys Lona. 

The Captain supports the Republican 
party, and though he never seeks office for 
himself labors in the interest of his friends. 
Socially he is connected with the Masonic 
fraternity. He won his title as commander 
of Company A, Second Regiment Wis. N. G. 
He took an active part in the organization 
of the regiment in 1888, at which time he 
was elected first lieutenant, and in August, 
1889, he was chosen captain. It was first 
organized as an independent company, but 
was mustered into the State service in 1888, 
and in the fall of 1893 was made the Sec- 
ond Regiment. Mr. Ames ranks as the 
eighth captain in the State, and is an hon- 
ored commander, very popular with the 
members of his company, and esteemed by 
all who know him. 

This well-known prominent farmer- 
citizen, and present treasurer of 
Portage county, is a native of the 
State of Maine, born December 15, 1839, 
in Carritunk plantation, Somerset county. 

He is a son of Enoch and Lydia H. 
(Fletcher) Webster, also of Maine, where 
the father conducted a farming and lumber- 
ing business, coming west from there with 
his family in August, 1845, and locating for 
a time in Lyons, Walworth Co. , Wis. In 
1847 they moved to Rosendale, Fond du Lac 
county, and in 1855 to Amherst, Portage 

county, where the father followed farming 
and other business until retiring into private 
life; he is now in his eighty-second year. 
He served as postmaster at Amherst sixteen 
years, justice of the peace thirty-si.\ years, 
besides in various minor offices, such as 
supervisor, county commissioner, etc. In 
1863 he was elected a member of the State 
Assembly, and served one term. His wife 
died in Amherst in 1892. The Webster 
family, of whom our subject is a member, 
are descended from Thomas Webster, an 
Englishman, who came to this country in 
1636, locating in the neighborhood of Ports- 
mouth, N. H. ; the Fletchers were also an 
old family who settled in the neighborhood 
of Boston and Concord, Mass., about the 
year 1630. 

The subject proper of these lines receiv- 
ed his education in the schools of Fond du 
Lac and Portage counties, and remained un- 
der the parental roof until the spring of 
1 86 1, when he moved to Minnesota, and 
there took up a claim in Waseca county. 
About that time the war of the Rebellion had 
broken out, and our subject, fired with the 
spirit of patriotism, enlisted May 20, that 
year, in Company G, First Minn. V. I. , in 
which he served two years, when he was 
honorably discharged on account of sickness. 
He participated in the first battle of Bull 
Run, Ball's Bluff, and was with McClellan 
during the Peninsular campaign, also in the 
engagements at Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, 
etc. On January 30, 1865, he re-enlisted, 
this time in Company B, Forty-sixth Wis. 
V. I., taking rank as sergeant, from which 
he was promoted to sergeant-major, and 
served through Tennessee and Alabama 
until the close of the war, being finally mus- 
tered out at Nashville, Tenn., September 
27, 1865. Returning north, he came to 
Wisconsin and bought a farm in Almond 
township. Portage county, and at once com- 
menced agricultural pursuits, in which he 
continued till September, 1893, when he 
moved into the village of Amherst and par- 
tially retired from active life. At one time 
he owned about six hundred acres of land in 
Almond and adjoining townships. 

On March 27, 1866, Mr. Webster was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary Frost, 



daughter of Daniel B. and Jane (Cowan) 
Frost, and five children have been born to 
them, as follows: Daniel Edward, a grad- 
uate of the University of Wisconsin, and 
now in the employ of the Westinghouse Co., 
in Pittsburg, Penn., as electrician, as is also 
John E., who was a student at the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin, where he graduated in 
June, 1894; Genevieve, attending the Nor- 
mal school at Stevens Point; Oscar F., at 
home, and Rollin F. , who died at Almond, 
Wis. , in 1880, aged twelve years. Politically 
our subject is a Republican, and he served 
three years as township clerk of Amherst 
township; in 1869 was elected a member of 
the county board from Amond township, and 
with the exception of two years served con- 
tinuously until September, 1893; also served 
as chairman of the county board several 
years, and as justice of the peace in Almond 
township sixteen years. During the session 
of 1887 he was appointed and served as 
transcribing clerk of the Wisconsin State 
Senate; in November, 1893, he was ap- 
pointed, by the county board, treasurer of 
Portage county, to fill a vacancy, and is 
now serving as such, having been elected in 
the fall of 1894. He has always been an 
active worker in politics, and has several 
times served as delegate to both State and 
Congressional conventions. Socially, he is a 
member of the I. O. O. F. and G. A. R. 
Although Mr. Webster is practically retired, 
he to some extent deals in real estate, and 
looks after his private affairs, which still 
occupy much of his attention. 

RUDOLPH KRATCHE, an enterpris- 
ing, energetic citizen of Antigo, Lang- 
lade county, is a native of Wiscon- 
sin, born February 8, 1865, in Man- 
itowoc county, a son of Paul Kratche, a 
Bohemian by birth, who first saw the light 
in 1828. 

Paul Kratche came to the United States 
in 1850, settling in Mishicott township, 
Manitowoc Co., Wis., where he married 
Miss Anna Holup, a lady of European birth, 
by whom he had five children: Mary, John, 
Joseph, Rudolph and Louis. The father of 
these, who was a farmer, died in October, 

1893; the mother is yet living, and is in 
comfortable circumstances. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject died in Europe, 
leaving a widow and four sons. 

Rudolph Kratche received a practical 
public-school education, and at the age of 
fifteen commenced clerking in a general 
store at Manitowoc, where he remained 
some five years, after which he went to Chi- 
cago, and in that city clerked for Marshall 
Field & Co. three years. From Chicago 
he came direct to Antigo, in 1887, and 
clerked for L. Strasser four years, or until 
the beginning of 1892, in February of which 
year he commenced business on his own ac- 
count, opening a dry-goods and ladies' fur- 
nishing store. He carries a full stock, an 
excellent line of goods, enjoys a lucrative 
trade, and has never had any help. In 
1890 Mr. Kratche was married to Miss 
Blanche Teitgen, also a native of Manito- 
woc county. Wis., and one little daughter, 
Viola, has come to brighten their home. 
In politics our subject affiliates with the 
Democratic party, but he is neither a poli- 
tician nor an office-seeker, his business re- 
quiring all his time. He and his amiable 
life partner are faithful members of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church of Antigo. 

DANIEL SULLIVAN, a leading lum- 
berman of northern Wisconsin, with 
residence in Rhinelander, Oneida 
county, is a native of Canada, born 
in the County of Chateauquay, Province of 
Quebec, April 4, 1838. 

Patrick Sullivan, father of our subject, 
was born in Ireland, in 1803, was married 
there to Margaret O'Malley, and in 1826 
they came to Canada, where they followed 
farming pursuits. They had seven children, 
namely: Two deceased in infancy, John and 
Daniel, both living, and Thomas, Cornelius 
and Mary Ann, deceased. The mother of 
these died in 1847, and the father subse- 
quently married Ellen Swords, by whom he 
had nine children, named respectively: Mag- 
gie, James, Theresa, Peter, Agnes, Veroni- 
ca, Andrew, Francis and Catherine. The 
father died in 1885. He had one brother, 
Daniel, who came to America, settling in 



New York State, where he was a lumber- 
man, and died leaving a family of six chil- 
dren^ — two sons (Michael and Daniel), and 
four daughters. 

The subject of this memoir was educated 
at the public schools of the neighborhood of 
his place of birth, and at the age of sixteen 
left home to work in the lumber woods of 
Canada two winters, running logs down the 
Grand river, in the Province of Quebec, dur- 
ing the summer months. In 1857 he came 
to the State of Wisconsin, locating at Wau- 
sau, where he made his home some twenty 
years, all that long period of time engaged 
as superintendent of Walter D. Mclndoe & 
Co.'s mills and camps; also looking up and 
locating pine land (after the first two years 
he worked by contract). He then returned 
to Canada, purchased a farm in the Parish 
of St. John Chrysostome, Chateauquay Co., 
Quebec, and conducted same four years, at 
the end of that time selling out, and once 
more coming to Wisconsin, in 1882, settling 
at Rhinelander, where he again took up lum- 
bering, which he followed until 1887. On 
July I, 1889, he was appointed "govern- 
ment farmer" on the Indian Reservation at 
Lac du Flambeau, in Vilas county. Here he 
remained five years, at the end of which 
time he resigned his position, and returning 
to Rhinelander resumed the lumber busi- 
ness, in company with John Curran. 

In September, 1863, in Canada, Mr. Sul- 
livan was married to Miss Cordelia Sloan, 
who was born in 1847, at Napierville, Can- 
ada, daughter of Patrick and Julia Ann 
(Atkins) Sloan, natives of Ireland who emi- 
grated to Canada, and were there married. 
They were pioneer farming people who cut the 
timber, cleared the land and built the house 
wherein they are yet living, at Napierville, 
Quebec. They had thirteen children, two 
of whom died in infancy, eleven growing to 
manhood and womanhood, their names 
being: Jane, Cordelia, Lizzie, Catherine, 
Mary Ann, William, Charles, Albert, 
George, Theresa and Isabella. Mr. Sloan 
was captain in the Canadian militia 
during the rebellion in that country of 1837- 
38. Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan have no children. 
He is a stanch Republican, and, in addition 
to the government position he held at Lac 

du Flambeau, he has served as supervisor 
of Pelican township, Oneida county. In 
religious faith he and his estimable wife are 
members of the Catholic Church. 

ADAM PAULUS, proprietor of the 
Marshficld Nnvs, and postmaster 
at Marshfield, Wood count)', is a 
native of Wisconsin, born at Chil- 
ton, June 29, 1866. 

In boyhood he learned the printer's trade 
in the Times office at Chilton, and subse- 
quently held positions in the offices of the 
Scn/iih'l, Milwaukee, and Sun, Kaukauna, 
Wis. In August, 1889, he came to Marsh- 
field, and in company with John P. Hume 
established the Ncios. He was chairman 
of the Democratic City Committee in 1892- 
93, till his appointment as postmaster at 
Marshfield, September 7, 1893. In No- 
vember, 1894, he bought out the interest of 
John P. Hume in the Xczvs, becoming sole 
proprietor. The paper is a lively, newsy 
sheet, Democratic in its political leanings 
and influences, and enjoys the largest circu- 
lation of any in Wood county. 

OWEN CLARK, a well-known pro- 
minent and prosperous agriculturist 
and lumberman of Portage county, 
is a native of New York State, born 
February 15, 1840, in Oneida county, in 
the town of Deerfield, about one and one- 
half miles from Utica. 

Owen Clark, father of our subject, was 
a farmer by occupation, and in 1849 came 
to Wisconsin with his children, for about 
one year sojourning in Milwaukee, but in 
the fall of 1850 entering 160 acres of land 
two-and-one-half miles northeast of Mon- 
tello, Marquette Co., Wis. He after- 
ward acquired more land, becoming quite an 
extensive farmer, and he died in the fall of 
1875, when aged ninety-four years, at the 
home of his son Owen in Stevens Point. 
His wife Mary (Condon) died in New York 
State when our subject was between four 
and five years old. They were both natives 



of Ireland, the father being fifteen years old 
when he arrived on the shores of the New 
World, and they were married in Utica, 
New York. 

The subject proper of these lines came 
to the Upper Wisconsin \'alley in the fall of 
1856, locating in Knowlton, Marathon 
county, where he was engaged in lumbering 
both in the woods and on the river for about 
a year, at the end of which time he moved 
to Wausau, and here was given charge of a 
sawmill, part of the time working by con- 
tract. In February, 1864, he enlisted in 
Company C, Third Wis. V. I., which was 
attached to the First Brigade, First Divi- 
sion, Twentieth Army Corps, commanded by 
Gen. Hooker, and shortly after his enlist- 
ment he joined his regiment at Fayetteville, 
Tenn. After three months from his first en- 
listment he commenced to see active service, 
taking part in the battles of Buzzard's 
Roost and Resaca, Ga. , also at Dallas, 
Kenesaw Mountain, and in all the engage- 
ments up to Atlanta, and was with Sherman's 
army on its memorable march to the sea. 
Mr. Clark also participated with his regi- 
ment in numerous other engagements and 
skirmishes from Buzzard's Roost to Atlanta, 
and thence to the sea; then through North 
and South Carolina to Washington. In fact 
he was with his company continually, never 
missing a roll-call or a meal from sickness 
or any other cause, and marched the entire 
distance, nearly three thousand miles, 
covered by his compan}' in its several cam- 
paigns. He was present at the final Grand 
Review in Washington, May 24, 1865, and 
was mustered out of service in August, 
same year, as corporal, to which rank he 
had been promoted in the preceding June. 
Returning home, he in the spring of 1866 
secured employment as general manager of 
the Goodhue & Bellsmir Mill on the Plover 
river, east of Stevens Point, where he re- 
mained over summer, and then in the fall of 
the same year he was employed in William 
Avery's mill at Stevens Point, after about a 
year and a half buying the mill, which he 
operated for his own account until the spring 
of 1 89 1, when it was destroyed by fire. 
Since then he has been retired from the 
lumber business, and has devoted his time 

and attention exclusively to his farm of 420 
acres just west and adjoining the city limits 
of Stevens Point. 

On November 30, 1867, Mr. Clark was 
united in marriage with Miss Anna E. Gar- 
diner, daughter of John W. and Lucinda M. 
(Raney) Gardiner, the former of whom was 
born in Cherry Valley, N. Y. , of English 
origin and of patriotic Revolutionary stock, 
grandfather Gardiner (who was a brother of 
Lord James Gardiner) having served in the 
war of Independence. He was living at Cherry 
Valley at the time of the Indian massacre at 
that place, but was absent, serving in Wash- 
ington's army, his wife, children and servant 
being left at home. The latter reported to 
Mrs. Gardiner that the Indians were coming, 
and the mother escaped into the woods with 
her children, where they remained in hiding, 
and she had frequently to stifle the cries of 
the youngest one by stuffing her apron into 
its mouth, fearing the savages might hear 
it. John Gardiner, son of this Revolu- 
tionary warrior, and father of John W. Gar- 
diner, served in the war of 1812, participat- 
ing in the battle of Lundy's Lane. John 
W. Gardiner, when a young man, went to 
Lower Canada (now Province of Quebec) 
and there married Lucinda M. Raney. In 
1839 he came to Wisconsin, locating at 
Evansville, Rock county, where he erected 
a gristmill and followed the milling business 
until 1848, the year of his coming to Stevens 
Point, leaving his family behind. Here he 
invested in several hundred acres of land, 
heavily timbered with pine, and in 1850 he 
brought his wife and ten children to their 
new home; the names of the latter are John 
W. , James I., Ellen, Jane M., Emeline, 
Elizabeth M., Almond, Anna E., Henrietta 
and Franklin. Of these John and Almond 
were soldiers in the Union army, the latter 
enlisting when but si.xteen years old. Mr. 
Gardiner was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness on a large scale, and became very suc- 
cessful; he was public-spirited and popular, 
much given to works of benevolence, and he 
donated the timber for the building of the 
first Methodist Church and the first Episco- 
pal Church buildings ever erected at Stevens 
Point. In 185 I he built the residence (now 
occupied by his widow) on the south side of 



Main street, between George and Church 
streets. He was killed by an accident, in 
1852, while running his lumber over the 
Little Ball Falls, Wisconsin river, and was 
buried under the auspices of the Temper- 
ance Society, of which he was an ardent 

The children that have come to the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Clark are Byron F., 
born August 15, 1869, educated at Notre 
Dame, Ind. ; Hallie M., born July 27, 1874, 
now attending Knox College at Galesburg, 
111.; Owen W. , born November 29, 1877, 
and Raney J., born July 12, 1880, all living 
at home except Hallie M., as above men- 
tioned. Politically Mr. Clark is a Demo- 
crat, has served as alderman of Stevens 
Point sixteen years, as mayor three terms, 
and is now serving his fourth. Socially, he 
is a member of the G. A. R. , Stevens Post 
No. 156, of which he has been commander 
three times, and is now serving the fourth 
time. He is a thoroughly representative, 
progressive and liberal-minded American 

CARL H. MUELLER. Anomalies 
exist in the lives of many prominent 
men that perplex unless the key to 
their solution is found. It might 
seem strange that Carl H. Mueller, now a 
prominent attorney of Wausau, should, as 
the scion of a prominent German family, 
flee the Fatherland in order to escape con- 
scription in the German army, only to espouse 
with ardor the Union cause in America, and 
enthusiastically give it the best years of his 
life. Yet such is the case. The explana- 
tion is that the conscription was compulsive 
and tyrannous, and that in America he 
quickly imbibed the spirit of national lib- 
berty and unity, and was ready to yield his 
life's blood for its perpetuity. 

Mr. Mueller was born in Schwelm, West- 
phalia, Prussia, July 16, 1839, son of Her- 
mann Henry and Amelia (Langewiesche) 
Mueller, of whose four children three sur- 
vive: Carl H., and two in Germany — 
Marie, widow of Rudolph Kline, and Her- 
mann, both of Schwelm. Hermann Mueller 
was a merchant of high standing in that vil- 

lage, a member of a family in which large 
landed interests in Westphalia have been 
entailed since the year 800 A. D., now in 
the possession of Carl's cousin. Two of 
Mrs. Mueller's brothers were lieutenants in 
the German army. Carl H. attended the 
common schools at home, and the commer- 
cial college of Ebberfeld, after which he en- 
tered the ofifice of a wholesale hardware 
store, and at the age of eighteen was a com- 
mercial traveler. He expected to escape 
conscription, as his father was over sixty 
years of age, and his one brother was only 
eight years old; but at twenty he received 
the fatal notice that he must serve four years, 
and then go into the Landwehr, and be lia- 
ble for service for maneuvres, or during 
war, until he was forty-two years old. A 
cousin from Houghton, Mich., was then vis- 
iting the old country, and before the time 
arrived for taking the oath Carl was on his 
way to America with his cousin. Landing 
at New York in 1859 they proceeded to 
Houghton, Mich. Unable to speak English, 
and thus unable to use his commercial train- 
ing, Carl found work as a common laborer 
in the mines until the fall of i860, when he 
entered the employ of Ransom Sheldon, a 
merchant of Houghton. 

When the call for volunteers came, the 
young German emigrant was among the first 
to enroll his name, enlisting in Company F, 
First Mich. V. I., and was hurried to the 
front. He participated in the battles of 
Mechanicsville, Gaines' Mills, the seven-days' 
fight before Richmond, Peach Orchard, 
White Oak Swamp, Savage Station, Mal- 
vern Hill, the retreat to Harrison's Land- 
ing and the consequent skirmishes, Gaines- 
ville, second Bull Run, Antietam, Shep- 
herdsville and Shepherdstown. At the lat- 
ter place, October i, 1862, he suddenly be- 
came ill, for ten days being insensible, and 
on regaining consciousness he found himself 
in the hospital at David's Island, New York. 
He was there three weeks, and was dis- 
charged November 2, 1862, on account of 
double hernia. During his service he had 
been sergeant, and for some time had acted 
as adjutant's clerk. In the fall of 1863 he 
returned to Houghton, Mich., acting as re- 
cruiting officer until the spring of 1 864, when, 



under a captain's commission, he reported 
to the provost marshal at Corunna, \Iich., 
with 135 recruits. He was assigned to Com- 
pany I, Thirty-first Mich. V. I., but was re- 
fused muster on account of disabiHty, and 
was again honorably discharged. Later he 
acted as recruiting officer on the Upper 
Peninsula of Michigan, where he had entire 
charge of the different recruiting offices in 
that vicinity. Again he reported at Corunna 
with eighty-three men, and thus saved the 
Lake Superior region from draft. 

Returning to Houghton Mr. Mueller re- 
entered the employ of Mr. Sheldon, and 
soon had the management of the express 
business, and of the post office at that city. 
In the spring of 1865 he established a gro- 
cery and fruit business, and sold out in 1 866, 
preparatory to a return to Germany, in re- 
sponse to the entreaties of his parents. He 
reached his native place as an American 
citizen, and a crippled soldier; but he was 
so thoroughly Americanized that a continued 
stay in the monarchical Germany was im- 
possible, and in the fall of the same year he 
returned to his adopted country. Wintering 
at Milwaukee, he commenced working at the 
lumber business at Wausau in the spring of 
1867, supplementing that occupation with 
teaching, bookkeeping, etc.; in 1869 he was 
elected justice of the peace, serving three 
years. In 1872 he was admitted to the bar, 
since when he has served seven terms as 
city attorney of Wausau, and two terms as 
district attorney of Marathon county. In 
1887 he was re-elected justice of the peace, 
and held that position until the spring of 
1895. Mr. Mueller is also president of the 
Wausau Cemetery Association, commissioner 
of the Marathon County Soldiers' Relief 
Fund, and a circuit court commissioner. 
He is a charter member of Wausau Lodge, 
No. 215, I. O. O. F., and of Marathon En- 
campment, No. 17; also Cutler Post, No. 
55, G. A. R., which he has served as com- 
mander and vice-commander. 

At Houghton, Mich., March 3, 1864, 
Mr. Mueller was married to Miss Anna K. 
Keidel, daughter of Henry Keidel, of Alsfeld, 
Hessen, Germany, and two children were 
born to them: Herman, who was drowned 
at the age of nine years in the Wisconsin 

river at Wausau, July 6, 1873, and Ida E., 
wife of Jacob Mortonson, a prominent lum- 
berman of Wausau. Mr. Mueller has been 
a prominent citizen of Marathon county 
since his residence there. 

saw the light of day in Concord, 
Jackson Co., Mich., December 
18, 1843, and is a son of David 
Holmes, a miller and stone mason. 

David Holmes built the mills for the 
Padocks in Concord sometime in the " thir- 
ties " when Michigan was a Territory, and 
many cobble-stone houses, with sandstone 
trimmings and old-fashioned gables, stand 
to-day as monuments to his skill. He was 
born in Pennsylvania in 1795. His father, 
John Holmes, was born in the North of Ire- 
land, and married Miss Sarah Moore, who 
was born in Scotland. Mrs. Lucinda (Wat- 
son) Holmes, mother of our subject was a 
daughter of William Watson, a native of 
Massachusetts, his father coming of early 
New England stock who came from old Eng- 
land. The mother was a native of Ireland, 
her name being Anna Hamilton. The father 
of Winslow Hale Holmes lived in Ohio dur- 
ing the early formation of the negro " under- 
ground railway," and was an active worker 
toward helping slaves to gain their freedom. 
He was the father of eleven children — five 
sons and si.x daughters. He died in 1851, 
his widow in 1861. Of the family, Wins- 
low (the youngest) and two sisters only are 
now living, two of the brothers having been 
killed in the war for the Union (three were 
in the service). 

Our subject learned the printer's trade 
with his brother David in the office of the 
Jackson (Michigan) Citizen, under the tutor- 
age of Col. C. V. DeLand in 1858-59-60. 
His early schooling was gained by walking 
three miles a day to a district school in Pu- 
laski, Mich., in winters, and working on a 
farm in the summer time. In the winters 
of 1858 and i860 he attended the Union 
School in Jackson, Mich. In 1863 he was 
foreman of the Three Rivers (Michigan) 
Reporter, and while there married a daugh- 
ter of Dr. T. Oaks, of Marcellus, Mich. Mr. 



and Mrs. Holmes reared one daughter, the 
mother of whom died in 1873. Mr. Holmes 
married Miss Hetta K. , daughter of M. J. 
Lathrop, in May,. 1874, at Hastings, Mich. 
Four sons and two daughters have blessed 
this union; one of the daughters died in 
1 89 1. Mr. Holmes was forman of the Ann 
Arbor (Michigan) Courier in 1861-62; fore- 
man of the Marshall (Michigan) Statesman 
in 1867-68; held a business interest in and 
was foreman of the Charlotte (Michigan) 
Republican in 1869-70; foreman of and held 
a business interest in the Hastings (Michi- 
gan) Banner in 1 870-73 ; then was half-owner 
in the Hastings yf;/;-^*?/ until 1880. Remov- 
ing to Wisconsin, he was foreman of the 
'^\^on Free Press in 1880-82; bought the 
Waupaca Republican in 1883, and still con- 
tinues as its editor and publisher. He was 
city clerk from 1889 to 1893, has taken an 
active part in helping to herald the beauties 
and resources of Waupaca, and encourage 
the establishment of enterprises of various 
kinds in the city, having taken an active 
part in establishing a rival telephone line 
and exchange, "The Badger," in the city, 
he being manager of the exchange in Wau- 
paca. Mr. Holmes is also secretary of the 
Humane Society and recorder in the Uni- 
form Rank K. of P. 

different circumstances and in the 
many varieties of human character 
we find exhibited in biography some- 
thing to instruct us in our duty, something 
to encourage our efforts under every emer- 
gency and, perhaps there is no combination 
of events which produces this effect more 
certainly than the steps by which distinc- 
tion and positions of honor have been 
acquired through the unaided efforts of 
youthful enterprise, as illustrated in the life 
of Henry W. Wright. 

A native of Wisconsin, he first saw the 
light at Racine, March 10, 1846, and is a 
son of Thomas W. Wright, who was born 
in the city of Manchester, England, a son 
of James Wright, also of English birth, 
who was married in the Mother country, 
some years later emigrating to the New 

World, and settling on a farm in Michigan 
where he died. The son Thomas W., 
however, had come to this continent prior 
to this, making his first American home in 
Syracuse, N. Y., where he married Miss 
Angeline Knowles, a native of New York 
State, by whom he had a family of eight 
children: Thomas, James (I), Lydia, Mary, 
Henry W. , James (H), Charles and Belle, 
all born in Wisconsin except Thomas and 
James (I). In an early day Thomas W. 
Wright and his wife came to Wisconsin, at first 
making their home at Geneva, afterward 
removing to Racine. By trade he was a 
carpenter, and was engaged in the manu- 
facture of wagons. In 1854 he went to 
California, and died there; his wife was 
called from earth May 6, 1882, while resid- 
ing in Racine. 

The subject proper of this writing re- 
ceived his education at the common and high 
schools of Racine, Wis. ; but at the age of 
seventeen he laid aside his books for the 
rifle, enlisting, in 1862, in Company K, 
Seventh Missouri Cavalry, in which he saw 
active service two and one-half years, when 
he was appointed second lieutenant of Com- 
pany H, First Missouri Cavalry, having 
previously been promoted, while in the 
Seventh, to sergeant and sergeant-major, 
respectively. While scouting he was cap- 
tured by the enemy, but succeeded in mak- 
ing his escape twelve hours afterward. He 
participated in the battles of Memphis, 
(Mo.), Prairie Grove (Ark.), Springfield 
(Mo.), Cassville (Mo.), and Helena, Little 
Rock, Pine Bluff, and Saline River, or 
Jenkins Ferry (Ark.). He was mustered out 
of the service in June, 1865, with an excel- 
lent war record, and returned to Racine, 
Wis., where for a year he was employed on 
the railroad, afterward keeping books for 
several prominent commercial firms. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Wright commenced busi- 
ness for himself in Racine, in the manufac- 
ture of sash, doors and blinds, an enterprise 
he successfully conducted until September, 
1 88 1, when he sold out and, in company 
with ex-Congressman Myron H. McCord, 
commenced business in Merrill, Lincoln 
county, and laid the foundation for the 
present vast plant of the H. W. Wright 



Lumber Co., of which our subject is the 
chief moving spirit — "the head and front." 
The firm have the most extensive plant of 
the kind in the Upper Wisconsin Valley, 
consisting of sawmills, sash, door and blind 
factory, etc. , which, combined, give employ- 
ment to an average of 300 men, at times as 
many as 640 names being on the pay-roll. 
The buildings, which in every respect are first- 
class, are equipped with all modern im- 
provements, and are lighted throughout 
with electricity. With all his employes Mr. 
Wright is on the most friendly terms, and if 
there are any wrongs to be righted or favors 
granted, he is appealed to individually. 

On November i, 1871, Mr. Wright was 
united in marriage with Miss Carrie Buchan, 
who was born in Dover, Racine Co. , Wis. , 
daughterof Edward and Jane (Tillie)Buchan, 
who were the parents of eight children, 
named-respectively: Andrew, Oliver, Mary, 
Edwin, Alfred, Samuel, Carrie and Thomas, 
all born in America. The parents were 
both natives of Scotland, whence, about the 
year 1840 they came to the United States, 
and here Atr. Buchan for a time followed 
his trade, that of miller; but his health fail- 
ing him, he settled on a farm near Dover, 
Racine Co., Wis., whereon he passed the 
rest of his days. He died in 18 — ; his widow 
is yet living, now at the advanced age of 
eighty-three years. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Wright have been born three children: 
James A., manager of his father's lumber 
yard; Alfred H., in his father's office, and 
Nettie E., attending school at Kemper I-Iall, 
Kenosha, Wis. Mrs. Wright is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

In politics Mr. Wright is an uncompro- 
mising Republican, and, as a local paper 
has said of him, ' ' while he has never sought 
an office of honor or emoluments in his life, 
yet he has filled responsibilities of trust, and 
helped to shape the policy of the Republican 
party in Wisconsin. " While a resident of 
Racine he served as postmaster for nearly 
six years, having been appointed to that po- 
sition by President Hayes; he was also alder- 
man and supervisor of that city. Since 
coming to Merrill he has served as alder- 
man of the Fifth ward, and filled the may- 
or's chair one year, during which adminis- 

tration it was demonstrated that the man- 
agement of the city affairs could not be im- 
proved upon. At present Mr. Wright takes 
no more interest in politics than any good 
citizen ought, being too closely engaged in 
business to devote more than a little time to 
political affairs. While a resident of Ra- 
cine he was secretary of the Building Com- 
mittee of that city. In Merrill he is a 
stockholder in the First National Bank; is a 
member of the Lumberman's Association of 
the Wisconsin Valley, and of the F. & A. 
M. , in high standing. Mr. Wright is a man 
of commanding presence, possessed of great 
force of character, and "when he under- 
takes to do anything the work is almost done 
before it is begun. Such men are generally 
stern men, not easily swayed from any given 
path, and this can be said of the subject of 
this sketch. Yet he has a heart as tender 
as a woman, and no man, woman or child 
ever went to good, big-hearted Henry W. 
Wright with a tale of woe without coming 
away helped and encouraged." 

JAMES B. DAWLEY. There is more 
of the romantic and pathetic in some 
life histories than in others, yet if the 
depths of each could be sounded rom- 
mance might perhaps be found in all. But 
however that may be, it is certain that the 
early struggles of the Dawley family in Port- 
age county, and the golden character thereby 
developed from the straits into which these 
pioneers were forced by circumstances makes 
an appealing and interesting recital. It is 
the story of a man who, on the verge of the 
grave, comes into a wilderness, and with al- 
most superhuman efforts seeks to make a 
home for his wife and little ones before 
death takes him away, and then of the brave 
efforts made by the widow to continue the 
toilsome undertaking thus inaugurated. 

The subject of this sketch was born in 
Providence, R. I., June 12, 1850, son of 
Jesse B. and Lydia (Searles) Dawley, both 
natives of Rhode Island. Jesse B. Dawley 
was born May 9, 1823, his wife September 
5, 1822. He was a carpenter and joiner, 
practically without means, and a victim of 
consumption. Yearning for a home of his 



own he in the fall of 1852 with his wife and 
family, then consisting of two sons, started 
from Newport, R. I., for Providence, same 
State, from which city he embarked for Mil- 
waukee. Three days later he was in Jeffer- 
son county, Wis., with fifty cents in his 
pocket. For a year he supported his family 
here by day's work, then in October, 1853, 
he pushed northward to what is now Section 
6, Stockton township. Portage county. It 
was then in a primitive condition. Not a 
stick of timber had been cut. Mr. Dawley 
had for a little while indulged the fond delu- 
sion that the change of climate might bene- 
fit his health, but this was quickly dispelled, 
and his only aim was to secure a home for 
his family. He knew nothing of farming, 
but he was ambitious and anxious to learn. 
With his own hands he built a log cabin, the 
first habitation on the farm. Gradually 
growing worse, he died August 23, 1857, 
and was buried in a private cemetery on the 
farm. A widow was left to mourn and to 
provide for four small children, the eldest 
not yet nine years of age. Inspired by her 
affection for the children, the brave woman 
struggled on amid the hardships of the fron- 
tier, beneath which men often quailed. She 
kept her family together, and the children 
appreciate her efforts. They are as follows: 
La Fayette D., born February 23, 1849, 
now a carpenter and contractor of Ada, 
Minn., who never learned his trade, but in- 
herited from his father a marked mechanical 
ability, and whose family consists of Mabel 
F., Etha I., Lillian E. and Ivan B. ; James 
B., born in Providence, R. I; Julius E., born 
in Jefferson county, Wis., April 23, 1852, 
now head clerk in a large general store at 
Aitkin, Minn., and who has one child, Regi- 
nald E. ; Emma I., born June 29, 1854, now 
at home. 

James B. Dawley has remained from his 
early boyhood until now upon the farm, ex- 
cepting seventeen months, which he spent 
on a farm in Rock county. Wis., when he 
was fifteen or sixteen years old. His school 
advantages were meager, but, largely by his 
own individual study, he has picked up a 
common education. He was one of the three 
brothers who, by their united efforts, in 1870, 
built a good home, doing all the work them- 

selves. James B. was married October 30, 
1889, in Wautoma, to Letitia T. Cogswell, 
a native of that village, and daughter of 
Asa A. Cogswell. To Mr. and Mrs. Daw- 
ley two children have been born. Royal M. 
and Jessie R. In politics Mr. Dawley is a 
Republican. He has served as town clerk, 
and his reports were the best prepared of 
any submitted that year to the county offi- 
cials. For two years he was township treas- 
urer, and for ten years he has served as jus- 
tice of the peace. For many years he has 
served either as clerk or as assistant clerk at 
all elections. In 1887 he was elected sec- 
retary of the Stockton Fire Insurance Co., 
and still serves in that capacity. His busi- 
ness calls him all over the fourteen town- 
ships of Portage county, and has given him 
an extensive acquaintance. In his business 
relations he is guided by his sense of right, 
and unswervingly adheres to his convictions 
when once formed. Mr. Dawley is one of 
the best citizens of the county, and has led 
a useful and active life. His services are 
sought in every movement or meeting of 
general interest in the township. The wid- 
owed mother still lives at the age of seventy- 
two years, and makes her home with her 
son. She is a member of the Brethren 

to be the mission of some lives to 
show the possibilities of human na- 
ture, to show how, for example, a 
young man, without advantages of any kind, 
may so seize the present, so adapt himself to 
circumstances, and then mold those circum- 
stances to his own well-being, that he rides 
ever upon the crest of the wave, and steers 
the fragile bark of human endeavor through 
the tossing sea of adverse fate into the har- 
bor of peace and plenty. There are men so 
wise and prudent, so determined and ener- 
getic, that they would succeed in any sphere 
of life, and one of them is he whose name 
appears above. 

Antoni Breitenstein is the son of a poor 
peasant of Alsace, France (now Germany), 
Michael Breitenstein, who had met with busi- 
ness reverses in his native land, and who in 



February, 1843, resolved to mend his for- 
tunes in America. He had barely means 
enough to make the journey with his wife, 
Catherine (Goss), and two children. Antoni 
and Barbara. Antoni was born April 11, 
1830, and was therefore only twelve years 
of age when he took passage from Havre 
with his parents and sister, in the American 
sailing vessel "St. Nicholas," which, after a 
passage of thirty-five days, landed them at 
New York. They reached Pittsburg, Penn. , 
with a capital of two dollars. After living 
with his son-in-law for some time Michael 
Breitenstein rented a farm in Robinson 
township, Allegheny Co., Penn., near Pitts- 
burg, and three years later, while pulling 
sweet potatoes, he was bitten in the hand by 
a copperhead snake. Despite the best medi- 
cal aid the wound resulted fatally, several 
days afterward. Misfortunes multiplied, for 
the mother died several weeks later, after a 
brief illness, and a daughter, Mary, was 
called away at about the same time. Michael 
Breitenstein and wife were members of the 
Catholic Church, and were buried in Troy 
Hill Cemetery, Allegheny. Of their ten 
children six died young; Mary married in Al- 
sace, and died in Pittsburg; Lawrence, an 
officer in the French army, died in the serv- 
ice; Antoni and Barbara were the sole sur- 
vivors, the latter being now Mrs. Lawrence 
Hagennauer, of Pittsburg. 

Our subject was sixteen years old when 
thus orphaned. He had mastered the Eng- 
lish language within six weeks after he 
reached America, and in a year his foreign 
nativity could not be detected from his con- 
versation. Though still a boy, he resolved to 
continue the gardening life of his parents. He 
was industrious and energetic, and felt compe- 
tent for the work. He hired help, and had 
credit, and for a term of years successfully car- 
ried on the business, each year adding to his 
capital. He was married, in February, 1854, 
at Birmingham, a suburb of Pittsburg, to 
Miss Mary Beck, who was born in Wurtem- 
berg, Germany, in 1832, daughter of Wit- 
bold and Theresa (Biechle) Beck, and who 
at the age of eighteen, with a brother and 
sister, crossed the ocean from Havre to New 
York in twenty-one days, and settled in 
Pittsburg, \\here another brother then lived. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Breitenstein 
was a well-to-do young man. He was well 
equipped with farming tools, and by his good 
management and industry had prospered. 
He continued farming in the Chartiers Val- 
ley, Allegheny Co., Penn., until February, 
1865, when he migrated to what is now 
Stockton township, Portage Co. , Wis. ; 
while still at Pittsburg he had bought land 
in Marathon county, but he never lived 
there. He came with his family to Wis- 
consin by rail as far as Berlin, then the 
northern terminus of the railroad, and by 
team continued the journey to Stevens Point 
with his family, then consisting of five chil- 
dren. For six years he lived near Stockton 
station, then moved to Section 6, same 
township, where he has since remained. He 
erected the first building on the place. His 
first 160 acres were enlarged by subsequent 
purchases until Mr. Breitenstein owned 720 
acres. This has now been reduced to 560 
acres by donations to his children. His 
family is as follows: Lawrence, proprietor 
of a planing-mill at Knowlton, Wis. ; Lena, 
now Mrs. John Gerdes, of Stevens Point; 
Louisa, at home; Michael, a telegraph oper- 
ator; Antoni W. , a potato merchant of 
Stockton and Custer, Wis. ; Richard, a car- 
penter and merchant of Stevens Point, 
member of the firm of Breitenstein & Ger- 
des; Charles, an operator; Mary, at home. 
In politics Mr. Breitenstein was once an 
active Democrat, but he is now to some de- 
gree an independent, and votes in local elec- 
tions for the better candidate, regardless of 
politics. He has declined office himself, 
preferring to devote his time to personal 
business. Himself and family are members 
of the Catholic Church. Mr. Breitenstein 
is one of Stockton's best farmers, and he 
owes his prosperity to his own efforts. He 
never attended an English school. His 
struggle in early years was a bitter one, and 
the manner in which he has attained his 
comfortable competence has won for him 
the respect and esteem of all who know 
him. His sons and daughters are prosper- 
ous young men and women, and though 
sixty-five years have come and gone in the 
life of this worthy man he still has a large 
reserve fund of vitality. He can yet, if he so 


elects, perform any kind of farm work. His 
good wife has nobly borne her share of toil 
and responsibility in life's hard battle, and 
enjoys equally with her husband the esteem 
and best wishes of her many acquaintances. 
Had his early advantages been better, it is 
impossible to sa\- what wider sphere in life 
Mr. Breitenstein might not, with his native 
talents, ha\e creditably filled. But in the 
life which he has lived none could more 
manfully have met and overcome the bars 
to deserved good fortune. 

nent baker and merchant, is one of 
the progressive business men of 
Wausau. Like many other suc- 
cessful men, Mr. Osswald, in his youth, 
learned a trade, and by using this trade as 
his capital, and by watching his opportuni- 
ties, the way to a prosperous and active ca- 
reer in time presented itself to him. 

He is of German birth, the son of John 
M. and Katrina (Getterj Osswald, and was 
born in \Vurtemburg, Germany, March 12, 
1834, both natives of the Fatherland. Of 
the family of six Christian is the eldest sur- 
vivor. Three sisters and the aged mother 
are supposed at this writing to survive in 
Germany, and the father died in 1854. 
Christian received in Germany the thorough 
elementary education which that country 
now guarantees its youth, and after leaving 
the schools he was apprenticed to a baker. 
Upon completing the trade he worked in 
Germany for a short time, but in the fall of 
1854, at the age of nineteen, he immigrated 
to America. Going to Utica, N. Y. , he 
there learned the trade of a brewer, remain- 
ing two years. In 1856, deeming the West 
richer in opportunities, and desiring to re- 
turn to his earlier trade, he migrated to Mil- 
waukee, and for ten years was steadily em- 
ployed in a baking establishment. Then he 
came to Wausau, and for five years worked 
on the Wisconsin river, and in the logging 
camps as a cook. At last he saw what he 
thought was the right opening for himself, 
and in August, 1871, he engaged for him- 
self in the bakery business at Wausau, at 
his present location. His judgment was 

correct. Mr. Osswald applied himself dili- 
gently to the work of building up for himself 
a large and profitable trade, and he has suc- 
ceeded to an admirable degree; and during 
his residence there for a period of more than 
a score of years, he has thoroughly ingra- 
tiated himself into the well wishes and es- 
teem of his fellow citizens, and is now uni- 
versally regarded as one of the city's deserv- 
ing and most substantial citizens. He at 
present represents the Second ward of the 
city in the common council as alderman, and 
is a member of Wausau Lodge No. 215, I. 
O. O. F. ; also of the Sons of Hermann, and 
the A. O. U. W. Mr. Osswald's political 
affiliations are w-ith the Democratic party. 
The family attend St. Paul's Evangelical 

Mr. Osswald was married at Milwaukee, 
in 1 86 1, to Miss Elizabeth Dresel, daughter 
of Bernard and Sabina Dresel, natives of 
Germany. To this union twelve children 
have been born, seven of whom survive, as 
follows: John Frederick, a baker, at Wau- 
sau; Katrina, wife of H. J. Zentner, of Osh- 
kosh; Gustave Adolph, a partner in the bak- 
ery business with his brother, John F. ; Ber- 
tha Marie; Henry; Emma Carolina; and 

DINGER, pastor of the Lutheran 
Church of Manawa, Waupaca coun- 
ty, is a representative of one of the 
honored and respected families of this sec- 
tion. He was born January i, 1869, in 
Bloomfield township, Waushara county, a 
son of Solomon and Julia (Abraham) Mun- 
dinger, the former of whom was born Jan- 
uary I, 1830, in Wurtemburg, Germany, 
and the latter December 6, 1839, also in 
Germany. The father was a son of John 
Mundinger, who was descended from a noble 

In his younger days the father followed 
weaving, and in 1856 came to America, 
first locating in New York City, whence 
after a few months he removed to Cook 
county. 111., being there engaged in farm- 
ing. On leaving Illinois he came to Bloom- 
field township, Waushara Co., Wis., and 



having sold his property purchased land ly- 
ing in Sections 16, 21 and 22, all of which 
was in its primitive condition. He was very 
kind to the pioneers of his own nationality, 
often buying land, which he would sell to 
them on time. The year after his arrival 
in the county he married Miss Abraham, a 
daughter of Martin Abraham, who had come 
to America with her parents and grand- 
mother, and located in Bloomfield town- 
ship, where the latter died at the advanced 
age of ninety-four years. 

At the time of his marriage Solomon 
Mundinger had a very small clearing made 
upon his land and a log house erected, in 
which they began their domestic life, but 
the farm is now numbered among the best 
in this section of the State. He was ever 
a prominent and leading citizen of the com- 
munity, being instrumental in securing many 
public improvements which were for the 
good of the locality, and served in nearly 
all the township offices. He was one of 
the founders of the Lutheran Church in his 
neighborhood, and many of the early meet- 
ings were held at his home. His death oc- 
curred in Bloomfield township, January 16, 
1886, and there his remains are now in- 
terred. No man in the community was 
more widely or favorably known, and his 
memory will long be cherished by the peo- 
ple of the township and county generally. 
Mrs. Mundinger still lives on a part of the 
old homestead, and has now reached the 
age of fifty-five years. In the family were 
nine children — Ferdinand and William, both 
deceased; Fred, a carpenter of Manawa, 
Waupaca county; William, who is living on 
the home farm in Bloomfield township; 
Gustaf Adolph, deceased; Adelina, wife of 
Gustave Bartel, a farmer of Bloomfield 
township; Gustave S., our subject; Henry 
R. , a teacher of New London, Wis., and 
Julia, deceased. 

Rev. Mr. Mundinger obtained his pri- 
mary education in the common schools, but 
at the age of seven years he entered a Ger- 
man school three-and-a-half miles distant 
from his home, and when fourteen he entered 
Concordia College, Milwaukee, where betook 
a four-years' course. For the following two 
years he continued his studies in Fort 

Wayne, Ind. .after which he became a student 
in Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, where he 
took a three-years' course, this completing 
his literary education. His first pastorate 
was at Manawa, Waupaca county, where he 
still remains, having served the congregation 
there since August 2, 1 891, on which day he 
was ordained and installed as a minister of 
the Lutheran Church. His congregation 
now numbers 150 families, including 100 
voting members. He is well liked, not 
only by the people of his own Church, but 
of other denominations as well, and he 
has gained the love and confidence of all 
with whom he has come in contact. He 
belongs to the Wisconsin District of the 
Missouri Synod. 

On May 12, 1892, Rev. Mr. Mundinger 
was united in marriage with Miss Clara 
Behrens, daughter of Carl and Margaret 
(Conrad) Behrens, natives of Germany, who 
on their arrival in the New World located 
at St. Louis, Mo. To this union has come 
one child — Carl S., born February i, 1894. 
Rev. Mr. Mundinger takes no active part in 
political affairs, giving his support to no par- 
ticular party, but leaves himself free to vote 
for the man he thinks best qualified to fill 
the office 

Dickens had a knowledge of the 
wrongs and privations suffered by 
Joseph Raymond during the latter's 
boyhood and youth, he might have written 
a story as deep in pathos, as grand in its 
lessons, as any which the world yet delights 
to read. Unlettered and unlearned, the 
simple-hearted boy had in his nature a native 
pride of character that starvation could not 
have subdued, a robust determination to be 
truthful and independent that withstood 
the fiery trial of many years. Sub- 
limely his rugged, honest nature has been 
preserved within him, and glorious has been 
the victory he has achieved. 

Joseph Raymond is now a wealthy farmer 
of Stockton township, Portage county. He 
was born in Canada about the year 1835, 
son of Joseph Raymond, a native of that 
land, a farmer by occupation, and a man of 



unsteady habits, wealthy at one time, but 
later in life plunged in poverty. The mother 
died at Montreal when Joseph was about 
eight years old, the eldest of four children. 
The three sisters were Xepere, now married 
and living in Michigan; Lizzie, in Canada, 
and Mary Louise, deceased. The father 
did not keep the family together, and little 
Joe, as he was known, saw none of the 
comforts of home until after his marriage. 
The support of one of the sisters fell upon 
him, and he began life for himself in his 
tender years by working for four cents a 
day. He lacked proper clothing and nour- 
ishment, but he was too proud to beg and 
preferred bleeding feet to borrowed shoes. 
At the age of fifteen years his earnings had 
risen to twenty-five dollars per year. With 
a few dollars he had saved he concluded to 
come to Grand Rapids, Wis. , where lived a 
family he had known. His money was ex- 
hausted before he reached his destination, 
and for four days and four nights he walked 
on the way. Reaching Grand Rapids he 
was a penniless, friendless lad. Pushing on 
to Plover, he met John Boursier, a farmer 
of Stockton, who happened there on busi- 
ness, and secured work with him. After 
three weeks he grew desperately lonesome, 
for he could not then speak English, and, 
•with all his earthly possessions in a sack, 
he walked back to Grand Rapids, where 
several of his countrymen lived. There he re- 
mained three weeks, but could find no work; 
he slept outdoors and procured eatables 
wherever he could. The lumber season 
was opening, and he hired out for fifteen 
dollars per month, and worked all winter in 
the woods. He had no mittens, and suf- 
fered terribly from exposure. Worse still, 
his employers were irresponsible men, and 
he did not receive a cent for his winter's 
work. With threadbare clothes he began to 
chop wood for his board. Going to Plover 
he again met John Boursier, and in April 
of that year again began working for him, 
at which time he could easily carry his 
clothes under his arm. For fourteen months 
he remained with Mr. Boursier, and during 
this time he did the hardest work of his life. 
Mr. Raymond was a " green boy," as he ex- 
pressed it, and strove hard to please his 

employer. He hauled rails to Plover, start- 
ing at 2 o'clock in the morning and reach- 
ing his destination before daylight. Though 
possessing great natural strength, and an 
over-willingness to work, he often over- 
taxed his strength. Mr. Raymond then 
worked in a mill at Grand Rapids, and at 
driving team, and various other kinds of 
employment. He finally secured work with 
Frank Biron, and it speaks well for his 
efficiency and-steady character that he re- 
mained with Mr. Biron until his accumulated 
wages amounted to eight thousand dollars. 
On May 8, 1870, he was married to Miss 
Anna Boivin, a native of Canada, born 
August 15, 1850, daughter of Louis Boivin, 
a baker by trade. She was visiting her sis- 
ter, Mrs. Biron, and there met her future hus- 
band. After his marriage Mr. Raymond 
continued to work for Mr. Biron until the 
latter's death. During the winter of 1876- 
yy he went to Canada to settle up his large 
accounts with the Biron estate. In that 
country Frank Biron was "Lord Biron." 
In 1878 Mr. Raymond purchased 160 acres 
in Sections 28 and 29, Stockton township, 
which he now occupies, and he has added 
to it from time to time until the acreage has 
reached 400. In addition to his farm he 
has large financial interests. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Raymond eight children were born: 
Joseph (deceased), Eugene, Laura, Arthur, 
Mary (deceased), Fred, Hannah (deceased), 
and Frank (deceased). In politics our sub- 
ject is a Democrat, and in religion is a 
member of the Catholic Church. He is a 
representative farmer of Portage county, 
and his life demonstrates the possibilities 
open to a poor boy of industry and pluck. 
His good wife has by her thrift and good 
management been of inestimable aid to Mr. 
Raymond, and deserves great credit for her 
devotion and attention to his large interests. 


ORRIS C. HYMAN a prominent 
and popular citizen of Tomahawk, 
Lincoln county, is a native of 
Prussia, having first seen the light 
there November 26, 1859, in which country 
was also born his father, Isaac Hyman. 
The latter was married in early life, and 


had a family of eight children, six of whom 
are now living, viz.: Morris C. , Abe D., 
Isaac, Rachel, Lena L. and Sarah. The 
mother of these died in January, 1891. At 
one time Isaac Hyman was a hotel-keeper, 
but later in life he engaged in the milling 
business, and at present he is the owner of 
a large gristmill. He visited his sons in 
America in 1893, remaining here one year, 
then returning to Europe. 

The subject proper of this sketch re- 
ceived a good common-school education, 
and is also well versed in the Hebrew lan- 
guage. He came to America at the age of 
sixteen, and secured a situation in a notion 
store in Chicago, 111., where he remained 
one year; then went on the road, selling 
jewelry, continuing thus for five years. In 
course of time he and another opened a 
clothing store in Minneapolis, Minn., which 
they carried on for one year, then sold out, 
and in 1883 Mr. Hyman located in Merrill, 
Lincoln Co., Wis., and commenced the 
saloon business with his brother Abe, who 
had joined him. In the fall of 1887 he re- 
moved to Tomahawk and opened a saloon, 
the brothers still continuing the business at 
Merrill, both wholesale and retail, also con- 
ducting a similar establishment at Raum, 
Wis. , and they have been in business to- 
gether ever since the arrival of Abe in 
America. The Hyman Brothers have also 
dealt quite extensively in pine lands and 
hardwood in Wisconsin, besides owning 
city property at Merrill. In addition to 
their place of business at Tomahawk, a 
brick store and other similar property, they 
are interested in real estate, in which they 
deal extensively. They are representative 
self-made men and typical "hustlers," re- 
spected for their honest straightforward way 
of doing business. Morris C. Hyman in 
politics is a Democrat, an active worker in 
the ranks of the party, and was a delegate 
to the county conventions. He was one of 
the first aldermen of Tomahawk, and in the 
spring of 1895 was elected mayor of that 
city, the campaign proving a very hot one. 
Socially he is a member of the I. O. O. F. 
Lodge at Tomahawk. Mr. Hyman has not 
yet enlisted into the noble army of Bene- 
dicts, being still single. 

ISRAEL E. BUCKNAM, proprietor of 
the leading shoe store in Antigo, and 
one of the most highly respected citi- 
zens of Langlade county, is a native of 
Maine, born in Falmouth, Cumberland coun- 
ty, March 28, 1830, a son of Israel and 
Mary E. (Morse) Bucknam, of the same 
nativity. John Bucknam, father of Israel 
Bucknam, Sr. , was also born in Maine, and 
was a farmer by occupation. Israel Buck- 
nam, Sr. , was a common laborer, and he 
and his wife, Mary Bucknam, both died 'n 
Maine, the parents of four children, namely: 
Israel E. , William H., and Elizabeth E. and 
Mehitabel E. (both now deceased). 

Israel E. Bucknam commenced as a 
section hand on a railroad in the East when 
but eighteen years old, followed railroading 
in all some thirty years, and rose to the 
position of roadmaster. He married Sarah 
J. Badger, who was born in Maine in Febru- 
ary, 1830, and they had two children: 
Louis E., of whom special mention will 
presently be made, and Charles, who died at 
the age of two years; they have also an 
adopted daughter, Alice A., now the wife of 
Daniel Sweeny. The parents of Mrs. Israel 
E. Bucknam, Samuel W. and Mary Badger, 
the former of whom was a farmer, were both 
born in Maine, and had a family of twelve 
children. In the spring of 1855 Mr. Buck- 
nam moved west, followed agricultural pur- 
suits for a short time near Minneapolis, 
Minn., and in 1858 came to Wisconsin, set- 
tling at Watertown, where he engaged in 
railroad work. In August, 1S64, he enlisted 
in Company L, First Wisconsin Artillery, 
served in the forts about Washington, and 
was discharged in 1865. On account of his 
health he was obliged to give up railroading 
in 1884, at which time he came to Antigo, 
where in June, 18S5, he established his pres- 
ent business. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, and was a member of the city council 
one year; socially, he is affiliated with the 
K. of P. and I. O. O. F. 

Louis E. Bucknam, cashier of the 
Bank of Antigo, Antigo, Langlade county, 
is a native of Wisconsin, born in Kenosha, 
October 19, 1869. He received a liberal 
education at Fort Howard High School, 
also at Green Bay Business College, where 



he graduated in 1885, in which year he came 
to Antigo, where for some twelve months he 
worked as a common laborer. In the spring 
of 1886 he entered the Langlade County 
Bank as bookkeeper, filling that incumbency 
until 1 89 1, at which time, the Bank of An- 
tigo having been reorganized, he associated 
himself with that institution as a stock- 
holder, and soon afterward was appointed 
cashier, his present position. 

On March 6, 1889, Louis E. Bucknam 
was united in marriage at Antigo with Miss 
Marian McDonald, who was born near 
Prophetstown, 111., daughter of . Charles D. 
and Elsie (Briggs) McDonald, and a bright 
little daughter, Margaret, has come to cheer 
their home. Politically Mr. Bucknam is a 
Republican, and is chairman of the county 
committee, as well as its secretary. So- 
cially, he is a member of the F. & A. M., 
and secretary of the Chapter; is also a 
member of the Antigo Fire Department. 
He is a representative, pushing young 
business man, self-made, and his present 
responsible position is evidence sufficient of 
what pluck, ambition and honest endeavor 
will accomplish. 

JAMES K. POLK COON (deceased). 
Prominent among the names of the 
representative business men of Lincoln 
county, more especially of the city of 
Merrill, is found that of this gentleman, who 
for several years was a leader in the com- 
munity, and became a martyr in his devo- 
tion to his country. 

He was born September 27, 1844, in 
West Edmeston, Otsego Co., N. Y. , a son 
of Elijah H. and Prudence C. Coon, the 
former of whom was also a native of New 
York State, born of Scottish ancestry, and 
was a son of Jabez Coon. The latter was 
one of five brothers who came to America, 
settling in Otsego county, N. Y. , on farms 
near Coonsville, in that county, which vill- 
age was named after them. Jabez Coon 
married Matilda Holmes, by whom he had 
thirteen children, six reaching mature age, 
viz. : Elijah H. (the eldest in the family). 
Nelson, Daniel, Joshua, Jefferson and Bet- 
sey, the others dying when young. Jabez 

Coon was one of a hardy, robust race, was 
a man of influence in his day, and was re- 
spected far and wide for his many good 
qualities, as was also the entire family. Mrs. 
Prudence C. Coon, mother of James K. 
Polk Coon, was an adopted child (brought 
up by her uncle. Rev. Daniel Coon, who 
was a brother of her mother, Mrs. Nancy 
Coon Bowler), her right name being Prud- 
ence Coon Bowler, and she was of Scotch 
and Irish descent. Rev. Daniel Coon and 
two other of her uncles were noted ministers 
of their day. 

Elijah H. and Prudence Coon were the 
parents of eight children, to wit: Fannie 
A., now the widow of Albert Burdick, and 
living at Merrill; Elijah Morgan, also of 
Merrill; Cortland J., deceased; William M., 
deceased; James K. P., deceased, subject of 
sketch; Julius J., of Toledo, Ohio; Mrs. 
Emma Witter, of Wausau, Wis. ; and Mrs. 
Alice Champagne Fleming, of Merrill. The 
father was b\- vocation a manufacturer of 
and dealer in furniture; was something of a 
politician, and held many prominent public 
offices. He was a man of sterling charac- 
ter, well educated, a leader of men, enjoy- 
ing to the day of his death the esteem and 
respect of all classes. He died in Delaware 
county, N. Y. , in 1853, his wife surviving 
him till August 16, 1887, when, in the city 
of Merrill, she too passed away. 

James K. Polk Coon, the subject proper 
of this memoir, received but a limited edu- 
cation at the common schools of his native 
county, remaining with his mother up to the 
time of his enlistment in the army, in the 
meantime working out among the neighbor- 
ing farmers. He had a war record worthy 
of prominent mention, and suffered much 
while in the service of the Union. At the 
age of seventeen, October 14, 1861, he en- 
listed at Friendship. Allegany Co., N. Y., in 
Company C, Eighty-fifth N. Y. V. I., three 
years' service, and was honorablj- discharged 
April 24, 1865. He participated in the 
siege of Yorktovvn, V'a., battles of Williams- 
burg and Fair Oaks, and in the se\en-days' 
retreat. In the campaign along the railroad 
between Newbern and Goldsboro, N. C, 
his regiment was under the fire of the Con- 
federates seven days; thence it proceeded to 




Plymouth, and was in the attack on Fort 
Gray, where, after three days' hard fighting, 
the entire command was taken prisoners, 
Mr. Coon along with the rest. He was first 
confined in Andersonville and Charleston, 
S. C, whence, October 8, 1864, he was 
transferred to the stockade at Florence, 
where, on January 9, 1865, he and four 
others ' ' made a break " for freedom. Their 
flight, however, was soon discovered, and 
bloodhounds being put on their track, they 
were captured seven days afterward at the 
Little Pee Dee river and taken to Wilming- 
ton, thence to Goldsboro, Raleigh and Salis- 
bury, making short stops at each place till 
they came to the last named. On February 
26, 1865, the end of the struggle being now 
at hand, our subject and the rest of the 
prisoners were sent to Greensboro, N. C, 
where they were paroled and allowed to 
make the best of their way to Wilmington, 
N. C, at which point the Union forces were 
stationed, Mr. Coon arriving there March i, 
1865, whence he was sent to Parole Camp, 
Annapolis, Md., where he was laid up with 
fever, brought about by severe hardships 
and lack of proper food, etc. ; but, receiving 
a furlough, he set out for his old home and 
to his mother, who, until she received a let- 
ter from him, written at Annapolis after his 
release from captivity, thought him dead. 
He reached home the night of President 
Lincoln's assassination. 

After his return to the pursuits of peace 
Mr. Coon was engaged some twelve years in 
the manufacture of butter and cheese in 
New York State, and in 1878 he came to 
Merrill, his first employment being with P. 
B. Champagne, merchant and lumberman. 
In the following year (1879) our subject 
went to Illinois, where he again took up, 
near Peoria, the cheese-manufacturing in- 
dustry; but in 1880 he returned to Wiscon- 
sin, again entering the employ of P. B. 
Champagne, having charge of his general 
store at Merrill. In December, 1884, he 
was appointed secretary and treasurer of 
the Champagne Lumber Co., which incum- 
bency he filled two years, or until 1886, 
when he attended the anniversary of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, held at San 
Francisco, Cal. On Februar}' i, 1887, he 

took up the insurance business; later, in com- 
pany with Mr. Bruce, he engaged in the real- 
estate and insurance business at Merrill, in 
which he continued up to the time of his 
death. He died February 21, 1893, at 
Tucson, Ariz., whither he had gone for the 
benefit of his health. He was a public- 
spirited, generous-hearted and whole-souled 
man, one who made many friends, who 
deeply mourned the taking away, in the 
prime of life, of a good man. He left a 
sorrowing widow and two children, mention 
of whom will be made further on. In poli- 
tics he was a zealous Democrat, but no office- 
seeker, and though often urged to accept 
office invariably declined the honor, prefer- 
ring, rather, to work for his friends. In so- 
cial affiliations he was a thirty-second degree 
Mason, always taking a lively interest in the 
affairs of the Order, and he was also promi- 
nent in the G. A. R., having served Lincoln 
Post No. 131, at Merrill, as commander, and 
was junior vice-commander during the in- 
cumbency of General Weissert, as com- 
mander of the State department. He was 
also aid-de-camp on the staff of Gen. Lucius 
Fairchild during the years 1886 and 1887, 
up to his decease — in fact he ever took a 
most active interest in the G. A. R. , and was 
a zealous, untiring worker in its interests. 

On December 5, 1865, Mr. Coon was 
married to Miss Alice Vilmina Withey, who 
was born in the town of Wirt, in the west- 
ern part of Allegany county, N. Y., March 
9, 1849, daughter of George and Catherine 
(Mover) Withey, who were the parents of 
seven children, viz. : Mary, Caroline, Sarah, 
Alvira, Alice V., Jennie and Helen. The 
father of these children was born in Otsego 
county, N. Y. , in 1807, and died in western 
Allegany county, N. Y., in January, 1879; 
he was a son of Stephen and Lydia Withey, 
who had four children: Alva, Eliza, George 
and Harriet. Stephen Withey was born 
about the year 1769, and lived to be ninety- 
two years of age. The mother of Mrs. 
Alice V. Coon was born in Germany July 
22, 1 82 1, and died April 15, 1893, at Boli- 
var, Allegany Co., N. Y. ; she was a daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Mary Moyer, farming peo- 
ple, who had a family of eight children, 
named respectively: Caroline, Dorothy, 



Elizabeth, Mary, Jacob, John, Catherine and 
Louis, all born in Germany. The parents 
came with their family to America about 
the year 1833 on account of the father's 
health, and decided to remain; but he did 
not long survive his arrival in the New 
World. To Mr. and Mrs. Coon have been 
born two children: Mamie Genevieve, 
born in Richburg, Allegany Co., N. Y. , 
March 2 1 , 1 870, married to Herman Charles 
Wolff (sketch of whom follows) ; and Georgia 
Prue, born in Merrill, Wis. , September 24, 
1880, and entered Kemper Hall school at 
Kenosha, Wis., on her fifteenth birthday. 

Herman Charles Wolff was born in 
Grossborkenhagen, Germany, August 3, 
i860, a son of Gottlieb and Caroline 
(Kluetz) Wolff, who were the parents of 
four children — Herman C. , Edward J., 
Willy J. and Mary A. The father of these, 
who was an agriculturist, came to the 
United States and landed in New York City 
July 7, 1869. He settled on a farm in Win- 
nebago county. Wis., although he was not 
dependent on farming for a living, as he was 
a man of means when he came to this 
country. On August 16, 1876, the family 
moved into the village of Jenny (now city 
of Merrill), and here the father, who was 
born March 31, 1810, died August 20, 1891, 
and the mother, born June 15, 1832, is yet 
living. He had been twice married, the 
children by his first wife being Tena, Au- 
gust, Carl and Caroline. 

Herman C. Wolff received a liberal ed- 
ucation at the district schools of Winnebago 
county, and worked on a farm until coming 
to Jenny (now Merrill). He then entered 
his uncle's store, clerking there some three 
years, at the end of which time, in 1879, he 
went to Milwaukee, where he filled the po- 
sition of bookkeeper for a wholesale com- 
mission house some eighteen months. Re- 
turning to Merrill, he was employed in de- 
partment stores until 1888, at which time 
he was elected clerk of the circuit court, 
serving two years, and then, in association 
with a partner, conducted a grocery busi- 
ness. On February 20, 1893, he entered 
the First National Bank of Merrill as book- 
keeper, his present position, which he is 
filling with characteristic ability and fidelity. 

JOSEPH THOMAS is the proprietor of 
a fine hotel in Marshfield, and a repre- 
sentative business man. As he has a 

wide acquaintance in the city we feel 
assured that the record of his life will prove 
of interest to many of our readers, and gladly 
give it a place in this volume. He was 
born in the city of Teller, Prussia, October 
10, 1837, and is a son of Urborn Thomas, 
who was born in the same place June 29, 
1809. By trade he was a cooper, and he 
possessed considerable musical ability, com- 
ing of a family of musicians. He was one 
five brothers, intelligent and highly-educated 
men, two of the number engaging in school 
teaching. The names of the members of 
the family are Cornelius, Jacob, John, Sy- 
billa, Elizabeth and Anna Maria. The eld- 
est brother has two sons who became Catho- 
lic priests, and John A. also has a son who 
is a priest. 

Having arrived at years of maturity, the 
father of our subject was married, in 1837, 
to Anna Maria Holesmir, and ere leaving 
their native land they became the parents of 
the following children: Joseph, Anna, John, 
Sophisand Sybilla. After coming to America 
their family circle was increased by the birth 
of Anton, Fidelia, Jacob and Peter. They 
also lost three children in infancy. The 
year 1845 witnessed the emigration of the 
family to the New World, and they stepped 
from the sailing vessel on American soil in 
New York City on the 4th of July, At once 
continuing their westward journey, they at 
length reached Washington county. Wis., 
the father securing a tract of wild land in 
Addison township when there were only 
twelve families within its borders. At differ- 
ent times he was interested in other busi- 
ness ventures, but made farming his princi- 
pal occupation through life, and he died in 
the town where he had first located, in 
May, 1874. His wife, surviving him a num- 
ber of years, passed away in November, 1891. 

The eldest child of this worthy couple is 
Joseph Thomas, who was a lad of only seven 
summers when his parents crossed the At- 
lantic to America and took up their resi- 
dence upon a wild farm, which he aided in 
bringing under cultivation as soon as he was 
old enough to handle the plow. For two 



years his father was ill, and he was com- 
pelled to work for neighborin;; farmers in 
order to support the family. There was no 
school in the new country, so his educational 
advantages were necessarily limited. He 
worked out, giving his earnings to his par- 
ents until twenty-four years of age, being 
employed to a considerable e.xtent in build- 
ing levees in the South. He had also 
learned the cooper's trade which he followed 
for a time, and thus in various ways did he 
gain a livelihood. 

At the time of the breaking out of the 
Civil war Mr. Thomas was in Little Rock, 
Ark., and was obliged to run down the river; 
also walked a long distance, and even then 
had trouble in getting home. Soon after 
his return he was married June 12, 1861, 
to Lena Kopf, who was born in France in 
1 84 1, a daughter of George and Catherine 
(Buchart) Kopf, who came to America in 
1847, locating on a Wisconsin farm. Their 
family numbered seven children: Lena, 
Sophia, Frances, Michael, Bartell, Adam 
(deceased), and John. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas were born the following children: 
Anna, Katie, Frances, Lena, John, George, 
Joseph, Michael, August and William, who 
are yet living; and Joseph and William, now 
deceased. Upon his marriage Mr. Thomas 
rented a farm and cultivated same eight 
years, when he purchased another tract of 
land which he operated until 1884; then 
sold out and came toMarshfield, purchasing 
some lots on which stood a frame hotel. 
There he began business, and success attend- 
ed his efforts until June 27, 1887, when the 
hotel was destroyed in the great Marshfield 
fire. With characteristic energy he began 
building his present fine brick hotel, which 
he has since carried on with the exception 
of three years, when he rented it to his son- 
in-law. He is the present genial and pop- 
ular proprietor, and the place is a favorite 
with the traveling public. 

In his political views, Mr. Thomas is a 
Democrat, and has been honored with a 
number of local offices. For five years he 
served as supervisor of his township, and for 
four years after coming to the city held the 
same position, serving in that capacity at 
the present time by appointment from the 

council. His fidelity to duty is well-known, 
and he is accounted one of the ablest officers 
on the board; at one time he was a candidate 
for city assessor. From his parents he re- 
ceived $300, and all that he has over and 
above that he has accumulated through his 
own efforts. In the rush and hurry of business 
he has not neglected the holier duties of life, 
and is a prominent member and active work- 
er in the Catholic Church, having served as 
a member of the building committee when 
the present fine church edifice was erected. 


ARK NEUMAN, a leading and pop- 
ular clothing merchant of Antigo, 
Langlade county, is a native of 
Wisconsin, born January 13, 1861, 
at LaCrosse, a son of Simon and Hanchen 
(Hoffman) Neuman, both natives of Prussia, 
the former born in 1822, the latter in 1839. 
The father of our subject had two broth- 
ers and three sisters, all of whom came to 
America except one sister, who remained in 
the Fatherland with her parents. Simon 
emigrated in 1850, first locating, for any 
length of time, at Granville, Washington 
Co., N. Y. , in the general merchandising 
business, having followed the trade of hat 
and cap maker in New York for a short 
time, at which he had previously worked in 
London (England). About the year 1855 
he came to Wisconsin, and in the city of 
LaCrosse established a dry-goods store, 
which he conducted some twenty-five years, 
or until 1881, when he moved to Racine, 
and there for four years carried on a cloth- 
ing business. In 1885 he came to Antigo 
and opened out the clothing establishment 
now managed by his son Mark. At Mil- 
waukee, in 1859, Simon Neuman was mar- 
ried to Miss Hanchen Hoffman, who was 
born in Prussia in 1839, and came alone to 
this country in her girlhood. She has one 
brother, William, living, and had one sister, 
Fredericka, now deceased. Mr. Neuman 
died April 13, 1893, respected and regretted 
by a wide circle of relatives and friends; his 
widow now has her home in Duluth, Minn. 
They were the parents of four children, 
namely: Mark, Rebecca (now Mrs, M. Kas- 



triner, of Duluth), Louis (in business at that 
city) and Hulda. 

Mark Neuman, the subject proper of 
these Hnes, received his education at the 
common schools of his native place, after 
which he was employed in his father's store 
until 1890, at which time he was given a 
half interest in the Antigo business, and 
since his father's death has had the control 
and management of the entire concern, his 
mother retaining a half interest in the same. 

On May 2, 1894, our subject was united 
in marriage with Miss Ida DeLee, of Chi- 
cago, who was born at Cold Spring, on the 
Hudson, New York State, daughter of Mor- 
ris fa wholesale clothier in Chicago) and 
Dora DeLee, natives, the father of Poland, 
the mother of Germany. They have a fam- 
ily of eight children, viz.: Solomon T. , 
Charles, Abraham, Joseph, Augusta, Ida, 
Nettie and Anette. To Mr. and Mrs. Neu- 
man has been born one child, named Ruth 
Hertha. In his political preferences our 
subject is a Republican; socially, he is a 
member of the F. and A. M., and K. of P., 
in which latter order he is a charter member 
of the lodge at Antigo, and is master of the 

JOSEPH GAUTHIER, of Keshena, Sha- 
wano county, was born August 18, 181 8, 
at Rock Island, 111., and is nearly a 
full-blooded Menominee Indian. His 
father's name was Shaw-nah-wah-quah-hah, 
and his mother's name was Sho-sha-quaer, 
a daughter of Kanote, who was a sub-chief 
and a brother of Tomah, the head chief of 
the tribe, and a noted Indian of his time. 
Both Kanote and Tomah had some white 
blood in their veins from a distant ancestor. 
Mr. Gauthier's Indian name was Mah- 
chickeney, and he was an only son. His 
father died when he was eight years old, and 
his mother afterward married Antoine Gau- 
thier, an employe of the American Fur 
Compay, who were extensive traders with 
the Indians all over the Northwest. Antoine 
Gauthier remained with this company for 
about thirty-five years. He then went to 
farming in Henry county. 111., where he re- 
mained until his family grew up and were 

scattered, when he went to Kansas and died 
in Kansas City, Mo., in September, 1856. 
After his mother's second marriage, Mr. 
Gauthier took his step-father's name, which 
he still retains. By the second marriage of 
Mr. Gauthier's mother, children were born 
as follows: Antoine, who for many years 
was interpreter for the Sacs and Fox Indi- 
ans, but afterward married a daughter of 
Muck-Kunth, the chief of the Chippewa and 
Munsee tribe; he died in 1875. Louis also 
married into the same tribe and family as 
his brother, Antoine, and died in 1892; Frank, 
who married into the same tribe, died in 
1870; John, who married into the Sacs and 
Fox tribe, was a farmer near Rock Island, 
111., all his life, and died there in 1845; Susan 
married a half-breed Menominee, is still 
living, and since the death of Mr. Gauthier's 
wife has been his housekeeper; Margaret 
married a son of Muck-Kunth, the chief of 
the Chippewa and Munsee Indians; she died 
in 1862, and her husband in 1888. 

Joseph Gauthier's younger days were 
spent in the vicinity of Rock Island, 111., and 
he received some education by attending the 
primitive schools of that period, and from 
what the officers of the fort taught him, 
which he improved as he grew older. In 
his boyhood days he knew Gen. Harney, 
Gen. Scott, Gen. Banks, and other officers 
who became noted soldiers later on, and was 
always a favorite with the officers and sol- 
diers at the fort. Mr. Gauthier was four- 
teen years old at the time of the Black Hawk 
war, and has a vivid recollection of the stir- 
ring times of that period. He was enrolled 
with the militia and carried a musket with 
the balance, but being young was not sent 
into the field. He was one of the pioneer 
lumber boys of the State, working for several 
years on Black river for D. B. Seers & Co., 
of Moline, 111. In 1850 he rejoined his tribe, 
who were located at Poygan, Wis., a few 
miles above Oshkosh. After working on a 
boat on Fox river one season he was given a 
position in the government blacksmith shop 
conducted for the benefit of the Indians at 
Winneconne. In 1852 the Menominees 
were removed on to their present reservation 
in Shawano county, and Mr. Gauthier came 
with them and continued to work in the 


blacksmith shop. Shortly afterward he was 
appointed the boss of the shop at $40 a 
month, which was large wages for those 
days, and he continued in that position until 
1857, when he was appointed the official in- 
terpreter for the tribe, which position he 
held until i860, when a change of agents 
took place, and for political reasons he was 
removed. He then engaged in the mercan- 
tile business at Keshena under the firm name 
of Gauthier & Upham, his f)artner being 
Charles M. Upham, of Shawano, Wis., who 
is a brother of the present governor of the 
State. Mr. Gauthier continued in the mer- 
cantile business until 1866, when he was 
again appointed interpreter, which place he 
has held ever since, with the exception of 
about one year and a half. 

During the Civil war Mr. Gauthier was 
an enthusiastic Union man, and if he could 
have arranged his business matters satisfac- 
torily would have been to the front with his 
musket. As it was, he encouraged enlist- 
ments among the Indians, and was the prime 
mover in raising Company K, Thirty-seventh 
Wis. V. I., paying the expenses of trans- 
porting the company to Madison, and sup- 
porting many of the families of the men who 
enlisted. He accompanied the company to 
Madison, and was appointed special quarter- 
master for the services he had rendered. It 
is well enough to say here that Company K, 
Thirty-seventh Wis. V. I. were all Indians 
but two. They were mustered into service 
June 27, 1864. On July 31, 1864, they 
were in the front of Petersburg, and were 
caught in the explosion of the mine cele- 
brated in the history of that fight, and nine- 
teen of the company were killed, and several 
others wounded. 

In 1852 Joseph Gauthier was married to 
Mary Ann Mo-sha-quah-toe-kiew, whose 
father died when she was a small child. 
They had one child, Frank, who died in in- 
fancy. Mr. and Mrs. Gauthier adopted a 
small boy, and brought him up as their son. 
His name is Joseph F. Gauthier, and he is 
now a prosperous merchant and lumberman, 
and resides at Keshena, Wis. Mrs. Gauthier 
died July 12, 1892, when about sixty-seven 
years old, loved and respected by all. 

Joseph Gauthier is a member of the 

Catholic Church, and a regular attendant. 
Although he is partly blind, he retains all 
his mental faculties, and is respected and 
held in high esteem both by the Indians and 
whites. The present Chief of the Menomi- 
nees is Ne-oh-pet, a son of the celebrated 
chief, Oshkosh. Ne-oh-pet, Chickeney and 
Nah-tah-wah-pah-my are the present judges 
of the Indian court, and try all Indian cases 
arising on the reservation. Mr. Gauthier 
acts as interpreter for the court. The de- 
cisions of this court are so pure and just 
that many white judges could learn a lesson 
from them in equity and justice. 

lade county, was the first attorney in 
the county, and is now serving as mu- 
nicipal judge. He is a native of Wis- 
consin, born in Manitowoc, August 22, 1853, 
and is a son of Norris and Eliza (Edwards) 

Norris Ross was born in the town of 
Windsor, Hartford Co., Conn., in 18 16. His 
father, who was a farmer, removed to Cleve- 
land, Ohio, when Norris was a two-year-old 
child. The latter left home when about six- 
teen years old, and going to Milwaukee 
worked at carpentering and ship-building. 
Later he came to Manitowoc, and in 1836 
built the first vessel ever constructed there, 
and which was named the "Citizen." He 
was here married to Miss Eliza Edwards, 
who was born in Monmouth county, N. J., 
December 30, 1830, a daughter of Joseph 
and Amy (Johnson) Edwards, whose fami- 
ly comprised the following children: Henr}', 
Daniel, Joseph, Perry, Eliza, Gertrude, 
Phcebe, Jennie and Emma. The father was 
a lake captain for many years, owning and 
sailing his own vessels; he served in the Civil 
war. His sons are all sailors. Mr. Ed- 
wards died in 1866, his wife in 1887. Norris 
Ross also sailed the lakes for some years, 
owning and sailing his own vessels. He is 
still living at a good old age, and makes his 
home with the subject of this sketch. Mrs. 
Ross died April 30, i88r. They were the 
parents of five children as follows: Ella, 
now Mrs. George H. Hoffman, of Antigo; Jes- 
sie, Mrs. Albert Ross, also residing in Anti- 



go; Julia, who married C. Deda, of Kewau- 
nee, and is deceased; lone, who married 
Richard Hampton, a farmer, and resides in 
Langlade county; and Munson M., who is 
the second child in order of birth. 

Our subject was educated in the common 
schools of Manitowoc, and learned the trade 
of a printer, at which he worked some seven 
years, one year of that time on the Milwau- 
kee Sentinel. He was then obliged to give 
up work for two years on account of his 
health. At the age of twenty-five Mr. Ross, 
having decided to study law, entered the 
office of H. G. and W. J. Turner. Here he 
remained about four years, was admitted to 
the bar in 1881, and in July of that year 
came to Antigo, and opened an office, being, 
as already stated, the first attorney to take 
up his residence in Langlade county. He 
had practiced here only one year, when he 
was elected register of deeds, and held that 
office four years, succeeding R. G. Webb, 
who was the first man to hold that office in 
the county. Hs was then elected mayor, 
and after his term expired he moved on his 
farm near Antigo, where he remained, how- 
ever, only eight months. Then he came 
back to the city, and purchased a hardware 
store, which he carried on for two years, 
when he sold out, and built a sawmill near 
his farm. This, however, proving a financial 
failure, he again moved onto his farm, where 
he lived one year. 

In the spring of 1895 Mr. Ross was elect- 
ed municipal judge of the county, and now 
resides in Antigo. Judge Ross was married, 
in 1 88 1, to Sarah J. Edwards, who was 
born in Milwaukee, Wis., December 6, 1857, 
daughter of Robert and Mary (Jones) Ed- 
wards, one of eight children, whose names 
are: Sarah J., Anna, Maggie, Laura, Mattie, 
Thomas, Robert and John. Her parents, 
who were natives of Wales, came to Ameri- 
ca when young, and were married in Mil- 
waukee. Her father was a sailor, first on 
the ocean, and afterward on the lakes, and 
is now living at Two Rivers, Wis. Her 
mother died in February, 1895. Three chil- 
dren have been born to Judge Ross and his 
wife, Thomas M., Anieta and Munson M. 
The judge is a stanch Democrat, and an act- 
ive worker. He has been a member of the 

school board ever since coming to Antigo, 
and takes a great interest in educational 
matters. He is identified with the Episco- 
pal Church, and is a member of the I. O. O. 
F. and K. of P. 

the extensive landowners and lum- 
bermen of Tola, Waupaca county, 
was born September 19, 185 1, in 
Norway, son of Herman Hermanson, who 
was a mill employe in that country. Our 
subject also had one sister born in Norway, 
Christina, now Mrs. Goodman Amanson, of 
lola, and one born in America, Annie, now 
Mrs. Carl Hagen, of Helvetia township, 
Waupaca county. 

In the spring of 1852 the father, accom- 
panied by the mother and two children, 
crossed the Atlantic, being eleven weeks in 
making the voyage, and landed at Quebec, 
Canada. Their destination was Winnebago 
county. Wis. , whither they came by way of 
Buffalo and the lakes. The father kept a 
store at Winneconne for a year and a half, 
but his capital was quite small, being limited 
to what he could realize from the sale of 
such possessions as he had. In the fall of 
1853 the family arrived in Waupaca county, 
locating in Scandinavia township, where a 
great many of their countrymen resided, 
which fact, and the cheapness of the land, 
proved a great attraction. The father there 
purchased the northwest quarter of Section 
3, which was quite wild, with very little 
clearing done, and a few rude improvements. 
To make a farm of it required much labor, 
but although not experienced in farming, 
Mr. Hermanson was strong and robust, and 
the thoughts of owning a home inspired him. 
Work was plentiful, but at first progressed 
slowly, yet as he became more accustomed 
to his new calling he made better headway. 
The place was at last free from debt, and he 
added to his possessions until at one time he 
owned 260 acres of good land. He con- 
tinued to reside upon the farm until 1885, 
when he removed to lola, there living re- 
tired until his death, which occurred March 
19, 1892; his good wife had preceded him to 
the final rest, dying March 19, 1889, and as 



his birth had occurred August 2, 1819, and 
her's on August 8, 18 16, each was seventj-- 
three years old at the time of decease. They 
now He buried in the old cemetery at Scan- 
dinavia. The father was large, being six 
feet tall, was an industrious, hard-working 
man, and entirely self-made. Politically he 
was first a supporter of the Democratic 
party, until Abraham Lincoln's candidacy, 
when the Republican platform, with its 
patriotic planks, seemed to please him, and 
thereafter always found in him a warm friend, 
stanch supporter and regular voter, as well 
as a faithful servant in minor township of- 
fices. He also held the position of school 
trustee. He was a devout member of the 
Lutheran Church, to which his family also 
belonged, and helped to erect the first house 
of worship for that denomination in Scandi- 
navia, to which he was always a liberal con- 

The common schools afforded Herman 
A. Hermanson his literary education. His 
first teacher was Amelia Ingersol, in District 
No. 3, Scandinavia township, Waupaca 
county, the primitive school house furnished 
with old-fashioned benches for seats, and 
other furniture in keeping. The terms were 
short, and poorly conducted, and at the age 
of sixteen he left the school room in order 
to give his whole time to farm work, which 
he has always assisted in from mere child- 
hood. At the age of seven years he helped 
take the wheat to Waupaca, and the flour 
to Weyauwega, all being done with oxen, 
which he could lead. Wheat was the main 
crop in those days, and the father raised as 
much as 700 bushels, thirty to the acre be- 
ing nothing unusual, fn hauling flour to 
Weyauwega they would start at 2 o'clock 
in the morning, and with cattle, make the 
round trip in a day, the price per bushel re- 
ceived for wheat being so small that they 
could not afford the hotel expenses over 
night. Mr. Hermanson remained on the 
home farm until he had reached the age of 
twenty-two, when he entered the employ of 
Thompson &Howen, of Amherst, Wis., as a 
clerk, remaining with them some eight 
months, when the firm changed, and he re- 
turned home. Later he was again em- 
ployed by Mr. Howen, with whom he worked 

six months. In 1875, while looking up pine 
lands in Township 26, Range 10, Waupaca 
county, he was accidentally shot through the 
hip, causing a wound which kept him from 
business for two years, and represented quite 
a loss, as in those days valuable pine tim- 
ber was being located all over northern Wis- 
consin, and he was prevented from partici- 
pating in the hunt. 

On October 7, 1885, the marriage of 
Mr. Hermanson and Clara Hoyerd was cel- 
ebrated in the Lutheran Church, of Scan- 
dinavia. She was born in Scandinavia 
township, Waupaca county, Februry 27, 
1866, daughter of O. P. Hoyerd. After 
their marriage the young couple lived for 
some time with his parents, and when the 
latter removed to Tola he took entire charge 
of the farm, though he had for some time 
previous been the mainstay of the place. 
Mr. Hermanson continued to follow farming 
here, but in the fall of 1889 he bought an 
interest in a flouring-mill at Scandinavia, in 
connection with the Sither Brothers & John 
Wrolstad, who sold their interest to the 
firm, continuing as Wrolstad & Hermanson 
until the following spring, when our subject 
sold his interest and returned to his farm. 
Here he continued to carry on agricultural 
pursuits until October, 1890, when he be- 
came interested in a general store in Scan- 
dinavia with Carl Peterson, under the firm 
name of Peterson & Hermanson, they hav- 
ing purchased the stock of N. I. Nelson. 
This business Mr. Hermanson followed un- 
til June 24, 1 89 1, when he disposed of his 
interest, and bought pine lands in Helvetia 
and Wyoming townships. At the same 
time he started a mill, and has since con- 
tinued the lumber business with good suc- 
cess, purchasing the pine on almost nine 
hundred acres. He yet retains eighty acres 
of the home place, as well as 280 acres in 
lola and Scandinavia townships, Waupaca 
county, and he also owns a house and lot in 
lola besides his place of business. 

While not an office-seeker, Mr. Her- 
manson takes considerable interest in polit- 
ical matters, always casting his ballot in 
support of the Republican party, and for 
six years served as justice of the peace. He 
and his wife are members of the Lutheran 



Church, of which he is one of the trustees, 
and socially he belongs to the I. O. O. F. 
Lodge at lola. No. 282. He is exceedingly 
generous and benevolent in nature, and in 
the last ten years has lost some $5,000, going 
bail for friends, and in other ways. He is 
numbered among the foremost men of lola, 
and seems destined to become a wealthy 
man. Public-spirited and enterprising, he 
has done much for the advancement of the 
community, and is numbered among her re- 
spected citizens. 

BYRON B. PARK, an active and wide- 
awake attorney at law of Stevens 
Point, Portage county, is a native of 
that city, born October 6, 1858, a 
son of the late Hon. Gilbert L. Park. He 
graduated at the high school of that place, 
and afterward, in 1876, entered the Wiscon- 
sin State University at Madison, taking a 
special three-years' course preparatory to be- 
coming a law student. In the fall of 1879 
he commenced the study of law in the office 
of Jones & Sanborn, Stevens Point, so con- 
tinuing until 1880, when he became a stu- 
dent in the Law Department of the State 
University at Madison, graduating from there 
in June, 18S1, at which time he was also ad- 
mitted to the bar. He then moved to Mil- 
waukee, and there entered the office of Win- 
field & A. A. L. Smith, a prominent law 
firm of that city, and with them remained 
one year, when, owing to the illness of his 
father, who was obliged to go to California 
for his health, he returned to Stevens Point, 
in order to give his attention to his father's 
business. The latter dying in June, 1884, 
our subject during the next two years was 
engaged in settling up his father's estate and 
private affairs; then in the spring of 1886 
he formed a parnership with Frank B. Lam- 
oreux, under the firm name of Lamoreux & 
Park, which continued until December, 
1891, when J. O. Raymond was admitted 
as a partner, the firm names becoming Ray- 
mond, Lamoreux & Park, which still exists, 
Mr. Park as a rule having charge of the trial 
branch of the business, though each member 
of the firm is more or less actively engaged in 
all departments of law. Our subject practices 

before all State, United States and District 
courts, and is full}' recognized as one of the 
prominent attorneys of northern Wisconsin. 
The firm enjoy a wide and lucrative clientage 
throughout this section of the State, and, 
probably, have the most extensive practice, 
locally, of any in the profession. 

Politicall)- Mr. Park is a Democrat, and 
has always taken an active part in the coun- 
cils of the part}-; was a delegate to the Demo- 
cratic State Convention held at Madison in 
1888, and has been a delegate to ever}' State 
Convention since; was also a delegate to the 
Congressional Conventions held in 1884, 
1888 and 1892. In 1888-89 he served as 
city attorney; in 1891-92 as mayor of Stev- 
ens Point; in 1892 was elected district attor- 
ney, and is now (1895) serving as such. In 
February, 1892, he was appointed regent of 
State Normal schools by Gov. Peck, and was 
re-appointed in February, 1894. In every 
political campaign he has been active on the 
"stump," his services always being in de- 
mand and highly appreciated. Socially our 
subject is a member of the F. & A. M., Blue 
Lodge, and of Forest Chapter at Stevens 
Point ; also member of the Knights of Pythias, 
Phoenix Lodge No. 33. On September 29, 
1886, he was married to Miss Bertha N. 
Wyatt, daughter of William Wyatt, of 
Stevens Point, and two children have come 
to brighten their home, named respectively: 
Gladys and Laurence W. 

land of Scott and Burns the United 
States is indebted for many of her 
most loyal, most progressive and most 
successful of citizens, not a few of whom 
are to be found in the State of Wisconsin. 
In this connection it is a pleasure to here 
outline the life of the gentleman whose name 
introduces this sketch. 

Mr. Fleming was born in Lanarkshire, 
Scotland, near the city of Glasgow, Novem- 
ber 22, 1846, and is a son of William and 
Janet (Mclndoe) Fleming, both also natives 
of the "land of the heather," where they 
followed agricultural pursuits, and were 
highly respected and esteemed for their 
many virtues. The father was born near 



Bathgate, in 1820, the mother in Dumbar- 
tonshire, in 1825; she died in Scotland in 
1 87 1. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren, a brief record ftf whom is as follows: 
John Russell, the subject of these lines, is 
the eldest; Catherine is now the wife of R. 
Crum, and lives in Idaho; Jessie is de- 
ceased; Peter is a wool-grower and sheep 
raiser in Idaho; William is in Montana, 
Walter in Australia, and James in Idaho; 
Hugh was engaged in the sheep industry in 
Idaho, where, in 1894, he was killed by 
cowboys while protecting his flock; Agnes 
was married in Scotland, and emigrated to 
Australia, where she died. 

John Russell was the first of the family 
to come to the United States, the date of 
his immigration being June 2, 1868. The 
rest of them followed him to the New 
World soon afterward, except the father, 
who did not come till 1889, and he is now 
living near IMinocqua, Vilas county. Our 
subject followed farming some nine months 
in Canada, at the end of which time, his 
uncle, Hon. Walter Duncan Mclndoe, being 
a prominent resident of Wausau, Wis., he 
moved thither, and for three years was em- 
ployed in the pineries in various pursuits. 
In 1872 he went to Nevada, but did not re- 
main there long, Idaho appearing to him to 
be more inviting for his purposes, and ac- 
cordingly he proceeded to that then Terri- 
tory. In Idaho he remained nearly twenty 
years, engaged in the rearing of sheep, cat- 
tle and horses, besides extensive farming, 
and during those years he had some thrill- 
ing experiences with the Indians, Mormons, 
cowboys and sheep owners, with all of 
whom he had considerable business dealings 
from time to time. For nearly two years 
he held a government position as agent 
over the Bannock and Shoshone Indians 
while at war with the whites. In 1892 he 
returned to Wisconsin, and is now a resi- 
dent of Merrill, Lincoln county. 

On November 28, 1893, Mr. Fleming 
was united in marriage with Mrs. Alice G. 
Champagne, widow of Hon. P. B. Cham- 
pagne. He is a pleasant, genial gentleman, 
and although his education in boyhood and 
youth did not extend beyond the limits of 
the common schools of his native county, 

Lanarkshire, yet by culture and close ob- 
servation of men and nature he has become 
a man of superior literary attainments, as 
is evidenced by his many contributions of 
poetry and description to the public press; he 
is also a producer of music and art of high 
rank. A lover of fine horses, he finds no 
enjoyment more congenial or healthy than 
driving some fine team, and at the present 
time he is owner of a superb pair of 
"blacks." A familiar figure in the com- 
munity, possessed of an ever-cheerful coun- 
tenance, he has a smile and cheery word for 
all whom he meets, and no one in the county 
possesses more fully the esteem, good will 
and respect of his fellow-citizens than does 
John Russell Fleming, 

OLE G. FROGNER, one of the fore- 
most citizens and successful business 
men of lola, Waupaca county, is 
now serving as president of the vil- 
lage. He was born near Skien, Norway, 
May 29, 1852, and is asonofGunder Frog- 
ner, who was head sawyer in a mill in his 
native land. In 1872 the father, accom- 
panied by his family of five children, came 
to the United States, the passage being made 
in a sailing vessel, and occupying seven 
weeks and three days. They first located in 
New Hope, Portage Co., Wis., where a 
temporary home was made on rented land; 
but soon after the father purchased land in 
Section 2, Scandinavia township, Waupaca 
county, and began farmmg it. This was the 
first land he ever owned in the United 
States, and it was here that he followed 
agricultural pursuits during his active life. 
On landing in this country he had limited 
means; but at the time of his death he was 
possessed of a comfortable amount of world- 
ly goods. He passed away July 2, 1886, 
and was buried in the Lutheran Cemetery, 
of Scandinavia, of which Church he was a 
faithful member. Though no politician, he 
regularly cast his ballot in support of the 
men and measures of the Republican party. 
His widow now makes her home with our 
subject. In the family were the following 
children: Louis, of the firm of Frogner 
Brothers, of lola; Olc G. ; Mary, wife of Ole 



Gordon, of Nelsonville, Portage Co., Wis.; 
John, also a member of the firm of Frogner 
Brothers; and Gusta. 

The educational advantages which Ole 
G. Frogner received were very limited, al- 
though he learned very readily. He attended 
school to some e.xtent in his native land, but 
after coming to the New World most of his 
time had to be given to work instead of 
study. At the age of nineteen years, while 
in the old country, he began learning the 
trade of wagon making, and in the fall of 
1872 commenced work at his trade with 
Martin Perkins, of Stevens Point, whose 
death caused him to lose what wages were 
due him, some seventy dollars, and he was 
thus left with no money, having to borrow 
to pay his board. He then worked at the 
carpenter's trade for three or four years. In 
the fall of 1 877 he bought the wagon shop of 
Harrison Warren at lola, with whom he had 
previously worked four months, and he con- 
ducted the business alone until January, 
1878, when his brother Louis became a 
member of the firm, and later John also be- 
came interested in the business. In 1 884 they 
added a blacksmith shop, which they car- 
ried on until 1893, when they sold to Han- 
sen & Johnson Brothers, who had formerly 
been in their employ. The firm in 1885, in 
connection with their other business, also be- 
gan wagon making in Scandinavia, of which 
our subject had charge, and has two work- 
men under him; but later the employes 
bought out the business. In 1879 they 
added farm implements to their stock, and 
for four years also had a wagon on the road 
for the sale of pumps. Their plant has been 
enlarged, and many new improvements 
added, including an engine, which was put 
in in 1887; in 1890 an Atlas engine and saw 
outfit was added, and also a planing depart- 
ment. In 1892 a steam dry-kiln was put in 
operation. Three years later they sold out 
the implement business with the exception 
of the sale of mowers, binders and steam- 
threshing outfits, which they continue to 
supply. Repairing of machinery and boilers 
forms a part of their business, and this 
branch is under the charge of John, who dis- 
plays great natural mechanical ability. The 
firm of Frogner Brothers is widely known 

in Waupaca county, and they have built up 
an extensive and paying business. 

On June 30, 1878, Mr. Frogner was 
joined in wedlock with Miss Christina Pe- 
terson, of Scandinavia, Waupaca county, a 
daughter of Simon Peterson, a leading 
farmer of that community. To this worthy 
couple seven children were born: Hans J., 
who died at the age of one year and six 
months; and Hannah J., Myrtle T., Guj- 
S., Oliver C, Arthur W. and Herbert N.. 
all at home. After his marriage Mr. Frog- 
ner located in lola, but in the fall of 1886 
Frogner Brothers purchased the father's 
farm, on which our subject resided about a 
year, when he returned to lola, where he 
remained until the spring of 1895. At that 
time he bought his present farm of 120 
acres, near the village, on which he now 
makes his home. 

Mr. Frogner is a stalwart supporter of 
the principles of the Republican party, and 
is one of its leaders in the community. For 
ten years he was township treasurer; was 
the first treasurer of the village of lola; and 
in the spring of 1893 was elected president 
of the village, which office he is now ac- 
ceptably filling. After serving two terms 
as school clerk he resigned in order to be- 
come eligible to bid on the erection of a 
new school house. Mr. Frogner is promi- 
nently connected with the I. O. O. F. , be- 
longing to lola Lodge, No. 282, in which he 
has filled all the offices, being noble grand 
in 1882. He often attends the State meet- 
ings of the Order; has been State delegate 
to the Grand Lodge, and was district deputy 
grand master in 1890 and 1891. Himself 
and wife are charter members of Rebecca 
Lodge, No. 331, at lola, and their religious 
connections are with the Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Frogner has ever been an untiring 
worker, and has been an important factor 
in the building up of one of the most lead- 
ing industries of Waupaca county. His 
success is only the more creditable when it 
is considered that he had little or no educa- 
tion in English, that in fact in his first 
business correspondence he had to consult 
friends in order to learn the contents of his 
letters. Too much praise can not be be- 
stowed upon him for the success he has 



made, and his energetic disposition caused 
him to fill a sick bed for two years and a 
half, the result of overwork. Though many 
predicted disaster when they saw the firm of 
Frogner Brothers adding to their business, 
they have met with nothing but success, 
which is well-merited. 

senting a record of the lives of rep- 
resentative self-made men of north- 
ern Wisconsin, more especially of 
Langlade county and the city of Antigo, it 
is a pleasure to include that of the gentle- 
man whose name is here given, because it is 
men of his caliber who have made this com- 
paritavely new State what it is, and brought 
it to its present condition of prosperity. 

Mr. Leykom is a native of Wisconsin, 
born in the city of Manitowoc November 
14, 1858, a son of John and Ann (Wallace) 
Leykom, the father born in Bavaria. Ger- 
many, in 1 807, the mother in Quebec, Canada, 
in 1830. The parents and brothers and sisters 
of John Leykom all died in Germany, 
John, alone, emigrating to Canada. He 
was reared by an uncle, John Hoffman, and 
before crossing the Atlantic he served in the 
German army. He had a family of eleven 
children, of whom John R., Harriet (now 
Mrs. H. A. Kohl), Catherine (now Mrs. G. 
W. Hill, of Antigo), Mary Ann and Charles 
S. , are the only survivors. All the eleven chil- 
dren were born in Canada except Catherine 
and Charles S., who are of Wisconsin birth. 
The family came to Wisconsin in 1845, set- 
tling in Manitowoc, where the father is yet 
living, and where the mother died in 1887. 
John R. and James served in the Union 
army during the Civil war, James enlisting 
when seventeen years old, serving eighteen 
months; in 1868 he was drowned in the 
wreck of the ill-fated " Seabird." Thomas 
died in Manitowoc at the age of seventeen, 
Albert when twenty-six, while other mem- 
bers of the family passed away in infancy. 
The mother, Mrs. Ann (Wallace) Leykom, 
was a daughter of James and Ruth Wall- 
ace, the former of whom, a mason by trade, 
died in Canada, the father of two sons and 
four daughters, one son, only, now living. 

Charles S. Leykom, the subject proper 
of these lines, who is the youngest in his 
father's family, received a liberal common- 
school education in the city of his birth, 
and when fourteen years old commenced 
learning the trade of cigar maker, which he 
followed some eighteen months, but had to 
abandon on account of impaired health. 
Later he clerked in a hardware store in 
Manitowoc three years, then in a grocery 
store one year, after which he returned to 
the hardware store and clerked there an- 
other three years. In July, 1881, he 
came to Antigo, Langlade county, where, 
in company with Mr. John Hessel he em- 
barked in the hardware business, the firm 
(Hessel & Leykom) building their own 
store, the first of the kind in Antigo, and 
they have met with the success due to 
enterprise and indefatigable energy. At that 
time the place was in a very primitive con- 
dition, the nearest railroad station being 
fifteen miles distant, and Mr. Leykom had to 
come on foot to the then village of 1 50 

In 1883 Mr. Leykom was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Nellie A. Williams, who was 
born in Potsdam, N. Y. , in 1864, daughter 
of G. C. and Alois (Heath) Williams, both 
natives of Vermont, who came to Wiscon- 
sin in 1882, settling on a farm; they had a 
family of eight children, of whom Abbie, 
Winnie, Nellie A. , Bertha and Jennie are 
living, the others having died in infancy. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Leykom have been born 
two children: John W. and Charles S. 
In his political preferences our subject is a 
Republican, and he has served as member 
of the school board; socially he is affiliated 
with the A. O. U. W., and is very active in 
that Order; in religious faith he and his wife 
are members of the Episcopal Church. He 
is recognized as one of the wide-awake 
pushing men of Antigo, in the building up 
of which young city he has always taken 
the deepest interest, and given substantial 
aid. At the present time he is president of 
the Langlade County Bank; treasurer of the 
Antigo Electric Light Plant Company; and 
president of the Agriculturial Society, and 
of the Antigo Cemetery Association. He 
and his amiable wife are proverbial for their 



hospitality and genialit\', and enjoy the well- 
merited respect and esteem of the entire 

point of residence is the oldest settler 
of Grant township, Shawano county. 
In 1857 he purchased from the Fox 
River Improvement Co. a tract of 160 acres 
in Section 35, Grant township, distant a 
scant mile from the present flourishing little 
village of Marion, Waupaca count}'. This 
pioneer home was then under the territorial 
jurisdiction of Matteson township, and in- 
cluded what is now Grant, Pella, Matteson, 
Fairbanks and Split Rock townships. The 
little log house which he built stood in the 
midst of the dense forests, and here for 
many years he lived, a pioneer, when pio- 
neers were few, and when frontier life meant 
hardships and privations almost innumer- 

Mr. Churchill was born in Lock town- 
ship, Cayuga Co., N. Y. , in 1831, son of 
David A. and Martha (Buchanan) Churchill. 
David A. Churchill was the son of Daniel 
and Marion (Clark) Churchill, both of New 
York nativity and English ancestry. Daniel 
Churchill was a captain in the Continental 
army in the war of 1812, and died in Cayuga 
county, N. Y., where he was a large land- 
owner. Miriam Buchanan was the daugh- 
ter of John and Miriam (Yaeger) Buchanan. 
John Buchanan was a native of Ireland, and 
served during the Revolutionary war as a 
captain in the Patriot army. He was a re- 
lative of President Buchanan, and a farmer 
by occupation, living through life on a farm 
in Orange county, N. Y. David A. Churchill, 
father of James B., was a currier and shoe- 
maker by trade, and in 1845 moved from 
Cayuga county, N. Y. , to Tioga county, 
Penn., where he remained until 1867. In 
that year he came to the Wisconsin home 
of his son, and remained there until his 
death, in 1880; his wife died in 1887. Their 
family of eight children consisted of Clark 
L. , a lumberman, who died in i85 5,inSimcoe 
county, Canada West (now Ontario); James 
Buchanan, subject of this sketch; [erome, 
of Tioga county, Penn; Wilber, a resident 

of the same county, who enlisted in a Penn- 
sylvania cavalr}' regiment and served three 
years; William, his twin brother, now a re- 
sident of Larrabee township, Waupaca coun- 
ty, who also saw active service in a Penn- 
sylvania infantry regiment; David, also of 
Larrabee township, Waupaca county, and a 
veteran of a New York regiment; Daniel, 
who died in Maryland while in the service, 
January i, 1862; and Martha, wife of Eben- 
ezer Burley (also a Union soldier), of Tioga 
count}', Pennsjlvania. 

James B. Churchill attended the district 
schools of Cayuga county, N. Y., and at the 
age of thirteen years accompanied his father's 
family to Tioga county, Penn., remaining 
there, engaged in farm labors, until the age 
of twenty. In 1 851 he went to Canada, 
and there followed lumbering, and six years 
later was married to Miss Mary Warnick, a 
native of Canada, after which, with his 
young wife, he started for his prospective 
home in the wilds of Wisconsin. The jour- 
ney was made by rail to Fond du Lac, thence 
via boat to New London, and the balance of 
the waj' afoot through the primeval forests. 
There were then no roads, and here in the 
fastnesses of the woods the hardy and ven- 
turesome pioneer lived for years. For several 
years after their settlement their only beasts 
of burden were oxen, and the only vehicle a 
wood-shod sleigh, which was used summer 
and winter, no wagons having yet been 
brought into the settlement. In going any 
distance in any direction streams of all kinds 
had to be forded. Their flour was all bought 
at New London, and brought by boat up to 
Clintonville, from which point Mr. Churchill 
would bring a lOO-lb. sack on his shoulder 
to his home, a distance of ten miles as the 
roads run. The first interment in the adjoin- 
ing graveyard at Marion was in 1872. In 
1864 Mr. Churchill enlisted at Menasha, 
Wis., in Company K, First Wisconsin Heavy 
Artillery, which was assigned to the Twenty- 
second Army Corps and stationed at Arling- 
ton Heights and Ft. Lyons, Alexandria, on 
garrison duty. He was mustered out at 
Washington, D. C, in July, 1865, and re- 
turned to Shawano county. Wisconsin. 

Mr. Churchill's first \\ife died in July, 
1862, and in September, 1865, he was mar- 



ried in Bear Creek township, Waupaca 
county, to Miss Elizabeth Hehman, a lady of 
Holland birth, whose parents, Gerhard and 
Bertha (Haytink) Hehman, emigrated in 
November, 1856, from Holland to Milwau- 
kee, Wis., and in May, 1857, settled in 
Section 18, Pella township, Shawano county. 
Their nearest neighbor then was fourteen 
miles distant. Mr. Hehman cut a road 
through the woods from a point two miles 
below Buckbee, Larrabee township, Wau- 
paca county, to Pella, Shawano county, and 
from the farm to Embarrass village. He 
built a shanty 10. \ 12 feet, and lived in it 
from May to November, by which time he 
had erected a log cabin, quite commodious 
in comparison. By faithful and persistent 
labor he improved the farm, and he died at 
this pioneer home in 1872, his wife surviv- 
ing until 1879. Their five children were: 
Henrietta, wife of Fred Strausburg, of Mar- 
ion, Wis. ; William, formerly of Seneca, Sha- 
wano county, who died of heart disease July 
4, 1895; John, who died in Grant township 
in March, 1893; Mrs. Churchill; and Ger- 
hard, who lives in Sugar Bush, Outagamie 

After his second marriage Mr. Churchill 
settled in Bear Creek township, and oper- 
ated the Welcome Hyde farm for about five 
years. He then returned to his old farm, 
which he improved, and in 1883 equipped 
with a good one-and-a-half-story dwelling 
16 X 28, with an L i6.\ 16 feet, and having 
a one-story kitchen 14 x 15; his substantial 
barn, an imposing structure 36x56 feet, 
with 18-foot posts, he erected in 1869. 
Here Mr. Churchill is engaged in farming, 
and in raising an excellent grade of stock. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and he is one 
of the most public-spirited and enterprising 
citizens of the prosperous community in 
which he lives. In 1859 he served as com- 
missioner of Matteson township, and in 
1869 he assisted actively in organizing Grant 
township. He was instrumental in building 
many of the roads throughout the township, 
and in various ways contributed liberally to 
the convenience and welfare of the tide of 
immigrants who later filled up this wild land 
and converted it into an expanse of happy 
and prosperous homes. In matters of local 

history Mr. Churchill is an undisputed au- 
thority, and none stand higher than he in 
the esteem and respect of his fellow-citizens. 
Though not a member of any Church or de- 
nomination, he has been a liberal con- 
tributor to the different churches of his 
neighborhood, having assisted all of them 
by donations at different times, for their 
erection and afterward in their support. 
Socially he is a member of Shawano Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. 

JOHN BOURSIER, Jr., one of the rep- 
resentative young farmers of Stockton 
township, Portage county, and one of 
its most prosperous citizens, was born 
August 21, 1852, son of John Boursier, Sr., 
who is one of the earliest pioneers in that 
part of the county. 

The father was born in LaPrairie, near 
the St. Lawrence river, June 2, 18 19. His 
father, whose name was also John, was a 
farmer in ordinary circumstances, and had 
a large family. He was twice married, and 
John is now the only surviving child by the 
first marriage. When fourteen years of age, 
or in 1833, the latter left home. His moth- 
er had died when he was two years old, and 
his step-mother reared him. The lad made 
his way westward to Detroit, and after work- 
ing there on the lakes some time he walked 
the entire distance to Chicago, and grubbed 
in what is now that city. He was of a rov- 
ing disposition as a boy, and in his wander- 
ings reached Manitowoc, Wis. Working 
there four months, he went to Green Bay. 
Then he went afoot to the mining regions 
of Illinois and Iowa. In the spring he raft- 
ed on the Mississippi river as far as St. 
Louis, and at Prairie du Chien, Wis., he 
was sick five months with ague. Proceed- 
ing to Galena, 111., he hired out to Robert 
Bloomer, a lumber operator, and with three 
others walked thence to Portage county. 
Wis., where he learned of certain dissatis- 
faction in the lumber country, and he walked 
to Green Bay. Next proceeding to Wood 
county. Wis., in 1839, he worked in the 
woods until 1850. In 1849 he bought eighty 
acres in Section 32, of what is now Stock- 
ton township. Portage county, buying it as 


a claim, and securing title for it and an ad- 
joining eighty acres from the government, 
in 1852. 

Mr. Boiirsier was married, July 26, 1847, 
at Mill Creek, Wood county, to Miss Mary 
Young, born July 26, 1827, in Corina, Me., 
and daughter of Simon and Lois (Knowles) 
Young, who in 1838 removed from Maine to 
Illinois. Miss Young, with a brother, was 
visiting in Mill Creek, and while cii route she 
first met her husband. After marriage he 
lived in a log house on Mill creek until he 
removed to his farm in Stockton township, 
April 18, 1850, at which time there was no 
building on the farm and but one house on 
"the prairie." Their first house was a 
shanty 12 x 16. Mr. Boursier was a strong 
man physically, and proceeded at once to 
improve the farm. For forty-five years he 
has lived here, a longer residence, perhaps, 
than anyone else in the township can claim. 
Starting with eighty acres, he now owns 
320, well improved. In politics he is a 
Democrat, and while not a member of the 
Church, attends the services of Protestant 
denomination. Socially he is a Mason. He 
has met with many reverses. Twice he was 
burned out. When the "Old Horicon " 
railroad was projected he, with many others, 
pledged assistance; it cost him $2,000. In 
1892 Mr. Boursier retired from active farm 
work. The winter of 1891-92 he spent 
with his wife in California. He has been a 
self-made man in the full sense of the word, 
and has done Spartan service in developing 
the material interests of Stockton township. 
He possesses a rare sense of personal honor, 
and when his home was burned he felt com- 
pelled to decline the generous offers of 
friends to assist him in rebuilding, prefer- 
ring to bear the entire cost himself. The 
children of John and Mary Boursier are as 
follows: Arvesta, now Mrs. Orleziam De- 
Rosier, of Stockton; Arvilla, now Mrs. 
Thomas H. Hackett, of Escondido, Cal. ; 
Zoa J., now Mrs. Warren Onan, of Buena 
Vista township; John, a farmer, subject of 
this sketch. 

John Boursier, Jr. has always lived at 
home, attending the district schools and as- 
sisting his father until the latter's retire- 
ment, several years ago, since when he has 

conducted the farm. He was married, De- 
cember 25, 1874, at Plover, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Baker, born December 3, 1857, in 
Tioga county. Penn., daughter of James H. 
and Eliza (Bartlett) Baker, who in 1863 re- 
moved with their family to Wisconsin. Mrs. 
Boursier has a good education, and before 
her marriage she taught school. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Boursier have been born four chil- 
dren — Myra M., a teacher, born in August, 
1875, no^v attending Normal school; Grace 
E. , also a teacher, born in June, 1878, a 
student at Stevens Point Normal; Clair J., 
born in April, 1880, and Cecil F. , born 
April 30, 1885, both at home. Mr. Bour- 
sier is a Democrat in politics, has Protestant 
S3'mpathies, and is a member of the Masonic 
order. He is an enterprising and progress- 
ive farmer, . popular and influential among 
his many friends. 

PETER McMILLIN, one of the best 
known citizens of Stockton town- 
ship. Portage county, and an ex- 
soldier, is a native of the Green 
Mountain State. He was born in Alburg, 
Grand Isle Co., Vt., September 20, 1824, 
son of Peter and Sarah H. fSowles) Mc- 

The father of our subject was a farmer 
and carpenter, comfortably situated in life. 
He was born in Jersey City, N. J., son of 
emigrants from Edinburgh, Scotland, and 
after learning his trade at Jersey City re- 
moved to Grand Isle county, Vt., where he 
married and reared a family of nine children, 
as follows: Jane, who married Nathan 
Miles, and died in Vermont; Harriet, who 
died when a young woman; Maria, who mar- 
ried Isban Kenyon, and died in Hinesburg 
in 1894; Philyer, who died a farmer in Mis- 
souri; William, a railway engineer, who died 
at Burlington, Vt. ; Peter, subject of this 
sketch; Gustavus, who went to California 
during the gold fever, and has never since 
been heard from; Norman, a carpenter, of 
Denver; Sarah H., now Mrs. Noel Potter, 
of Bombay, Franklin Co., N. Y. The 
father was an Old-line Whig, and died in 
Vermont at the age of sixtj'-three; the 


mother died at the age of forty. They 
were members of the Universalist Church. 
Peter McMillin was only eight years old 
when his mother died. Sisters took her 
place, and the boy remained at home until 
he was eighteen. He received a district- 
school education, much more meager then 
than now, and at his home, by precept and 
and example, learned the value of honesty 
and straightforwardness. Beginning farm 
work for others at the age of eighteen, in 
Essex county, N. Y. , he several years later 
went to Tioga county, and worked for a few 
months in a sawmill. With a young com- 
panion he undertook the venture of getting 
out some timber, but the failure of higfi 
waters in the stream which was to carry 
the lumber to market made the enterprise 
unremunerative. In the fall of i<S49 he put 
into execution a cherished plan by coming 
west. Traveling by lake to Milwaukee, he 
walked to Oshkosh, took boat for Gill's 
Landing, on Wolf river, and came afoot 
through the woods to Plover. Here he 
found work teaming goods from Madison to 
Plover for C. S. Ogden, now a merchant of 
Waupaca. In June, 1850, he pre-empted 
160 acres in Section 32, of what is now 
Stockton township. The land was then 
undisturbed, and there were only three or 
four settlers on the prairie. There was lit- 
tle timber on the tract, but burr oak sur- 
rounded the site selected by Mr. McMillin 
for his primitive habitation, a rude shanty, 
16 x 16. He at once began to break this 
land, and in the fall of the same year, No- 
vember 17, 1850, he was married at Plover 
to Miranda Dimond, born in Canada Octo- 
ber I, 1820, daughter of Enos and Miranda 
(Richmond) Dimond, New Englanders by 
birth. Enos was twice married, and Mi- 
randa, his second wife, bore him six children: 
Fannie, Miranda, Sanford, Royal, Paulina 
and Clara. Miranda in 1849 came to Plover 
with her brother Royal, and was employed 
as a domestic in the same household her 
husband worked for. The couple began 
housekeeping at once, in the little shanty on 
the farm they still occupy. The rude habi- 
tation was scantily furnished, but the hap- 
piest five years of their married life were 
spent there. Mr. McMillin improved the 

place during the summers, and in the winter 
followed teaming. The present dwelling, 
with various alterations and additions, suc- 
ceeded the shanty. To Mr. and Mrs. 
McMillin were born these children: Emma 
M., who was born October i, 1851, and 
married James Bremmer, of Stevens 
Point, January 28, 1873; Edith S., born 
May 18, 1855, married December 25, 
1876, to Oscar Drake, of Stevens Point 
(she passed from earth. May 30, 1895, her 
death being the first in the family); William 
P., born May 18, 1856, a farmer of Lincoln 
county. Wash.; Sidney G., born January 8, 
1859, a resident of Oregon; Annie J., born 
October 4, i860, married December 12, 
1885, to George Iverson, and now living on 
the home farm; Carrie A., born May 12, 
1866, and married January 3, 1888, to 
Merritt Kenyon, of Stevens Point. For 
several years, in addition to farming, Mr. 
McMillin followed lumbering operations ex- 
tensively during the winter. 

In November, 1861, he enlisted, at 
Plover, in Company E, Eighteenth Wis. V. 
I. The regiment was ordered from Mil- 
waukee to Tennessee, and at Shiloh saw its 
first active engagement, Exposure and dis- 
ease cost more lives during the war than 
bullets, and Mr. McMillin, though possess- 
ing a naturally rugged constitution, was one 
of those who succumbed to the climatic 
conditions of the South under the exposures 
to which troops were necessarily subjected. 
His health was ruined, and at Corinth, in 
Ausust, 1862, he was discharged on account 
of disability. From Corinth he came di- 
rectly home, and the ailment he contracted 
in service has never since disappeared. 
To-day he is almost a physical wreck. Mr. 
McMillin in a later year of the war was 
drafted, but at La Crosse, Wis., he was 
rejected for ill health, before entering active 
service. He has continued farmingoperations 
since the war, but during the past five years 
has given up active work. Politically he is 
an earnest Republican in National affairs, 
but in local matters he is independent. For 
two years he served Stockton township as 
assessor. Mrs. McMillin is a member of the 
Baptist Church. Though deprived of the 
benefits of good schools in his youth, Mr. 


McMillin is as strong an advocate of thor- 
ough education as may be found in Stockton 
township, and by observation and judicious 
reading he has more than overcome the de- 
ficiencies of his own opportunities. He is 
widely known and highly esteemed as one 
of Stockton's oldest and best residents. 

ALANSON C. NORWAY, who is now 
living on a small farm of forty acres 
within the corporation limits of Mer- 
rill, Lincoln county, is one of the 
honored pioneers of that section, having ar- 
rived in that place in 1851, when the city 
was called Jenny, and had not more than 
one hundred white inhabitants, though there 
were a great many Indians still living in the 
neighborhood. Wild game was to be had 
in abundance, and furnished many a meal 
for the early settlers. 

The State of New York has furnished 
many worthy citizens to Lincoln county, 
not least among whom is numbered Mr. 
Norway, who was born in the town of Lis- 
bon, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. , June 11, 
1824, and is a son of Charles Norway, a na- 
tive of New Jersey. The grandfather, who 
bore the name of Charles, came to this coun- 
try from Scotland when a young man, locat- 
ing in New Jersey, where he carried on farm- 
ing. Later he removed to New York, where 
both he and his wife died. In their family 
were si.\ children — five sons: William, John, 
James, Gregor and Charles, and one daugh- 
ter whose name is not known. 

The father of our subject was reared to 
manhood on the home farm, after which he 
married Esther Sheldon, a daughter of Ne- 
hemiah and Sarah Sheldon, and to them 
were born nine children: Alanson C, Will- 
iam and Jeremiah, who are still living; and 
Jerod, Sheldon, Geddin, Elizabeth, Claris- 
sa and Sarah, who have passed away. Will- 
iam and Geddin were soldiers during the 
Civil war, fighting Indians in Minnesota in 
1862. The father followed agricultural pur- 
suits most of his life, though at an early 
day he ran a flatboat between Ogdensburg, 
N. Y., and Montreal. He was a member of 
the Wesleyan Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and a man of high moral principals, while 

politically he was an Abolitionist. His death 
occurred in New York in 1872. His wife, a 
woman of firm, decided character, died in 
1883, greatly beloved by all who knew her. 

Alanson C. Norway, the subject of this 
sketch, was the second in his father's fam- 
ily, and upon the home farm he remained, 
assisting in the labors of the field until he 
had attained his majority. He was allowed 
to attend school only about two months 
during the year, and his literary education 
was completed at the age of eighteen. He 
worked some for others while still in New 
York, and at one time went with a raft of 
square lumber to Quebec. In the winter of 
1849 Mr. Norway came west, stopping at 
Saginaw, Mich., where he was employed in 
the woods until the following spring, when 
he continued his journey to Walworth 
county, Wis. In that county he engaged 
in farm labor during the summer, but in the 
fall returned to New York, where he re- 
mained all winter, and then again came to 
Wisconsin, spending another summer in 
Walworth county. At the end of that time, 
in the fall of 1851, he came to Merrill, 
locating here when the town had but one /■ 
industry — an old sawmill owned by An- 
drew Warren. For one season Mr. Norway 
worked in the lumber woods, after which he 
made a contract with Jones & Goodard to 
cut and put in their logs. From that time 
on he followed lumbering for a number of 
years, meeting with a well-deserved suc- 
cess. In 1866, owing to poor health, he 
gave up that occupation and purchased a 
hotel, known then as the "Jenny House," 
but later the name was changed to the 
"Merrill. ' This he successfully conducted 
for sixteen years, when he built his present 
home on the bank of Prairie river, a beau- 
tiful spot, and his place consists of fort)' 
acres. For some time he owned an addi- 
tion to West Merrill, but this he disposed of/ 
in 1880. 

In Merrill, September 1, 1856, Mr. Nor- 
way wedded Martha Crown, a native of 
Groton, Caledonia Co., Vt., born Septem- 
ber 13, 1838, to Alanson and Amity (Steb- 
bins) Crown. She is one of a family of ten 
children: Harriet, Maria, Moses, Martha, 
Horace, Hannah, Cynthia, Aldin, Orin and 

s^^^ U ^f/o-utyu 




Frank. The parents were both born in 
Caledonia county, Vt. , and removed to Wis- 
consin with their family in 1848, locating in 
Green Lake county, where the father's death 
occurred in 1886. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation. The mother, who died in 1880, 
was a daughter of Horace Stebbins, a black- 
smith, of Vermont, in which State he mar- 
ried Hannah Eaton, £.nd to them were born 
a family of four sons and four daughters. 
The paternal great-grandfather of Mrs. Nor- 
way was a native of Scotland, and came 
when a small boy with his parents to Amer- 
ica, locating in Vermont. Crown Point, 
that State, was named in honor of his 
father. Ebins Crown, Mrs. Norway's grand- 
father was captured by the Indians when a 
boy about nine years of age, and held by 
them until he was sixteen, when he was 
assisted to escape by a young squaw, who 
never dared to return to her tribe. He was 
afterward employed at Crown Point as an 
interpreter by the traders. Alanson Crown 
and his wife were earnest Christian people, 
holding membership for many years with 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Norway were born six 
children, only two of whom survive — the 
eldest and youngest — Charles A. and Myron. 
Those deceased are: Homer, who died 
while young; Clarissa, who died at the age 
of one year; Elnora, who died at the age of 
three; and Burton, who died in infancy. In 
politics, Mr. Norway is a steadfast adherent 
to the principles formulated by the Republi- 
can party, although not a seeker after offi- 
cial positions. For six years he served as 
county judge of Lincoln county; has been 
chairman of the town and city boards; and 
was also assessor, in which offices he has 
served with credit to himself and to the sat- 
isfaction of all concerned. In religious views 
he is liberal, believing that every one has a 
right to his own opinion, and being endowed 
with many virtues and a genial, hospitable 
manner, he receives the respect and con- 
fidence of the entire community. 

Charles A. Norway, a representative 
of one of the honored pioneer families of 
Lincoln county. Wis., is at present one of 
the leading business men of Merrill, being 
connected with several of the most impor- 

tant industries of the county. He is a na- 
tive of this State, his birth having occurred 
in Wausau September 29, 1859, and is a son 
of Alanson C. Norway, one of the highly- 
respected early settlers of this portion of 
the State. 

The primary education of Charles A. 
Norway was received in the common schools 
of Merrill, where he also attended the high 
school, and later entered the normal school 
at Oshkosh, Wis. At the age of seventeen 
he began work in the hotel owned by his 
father, and was admitted into partnership 
in the business when he was but twenty 
years of age. That connection continued 
for three years, after which he began con- 
tracting and building, following that occupa- 
tion for about a year. In 1882 he was 
elected register of deeds of Lincoln county, 
serving four years, during which time he 
opened a real-estate office and purchased 
the abstracts of the county. He admitted 
to partnership C. L. Wiley, and they re- 
mained in that business until the spring of 
1890, when they sold out and erected a saw- 
mill in the town of Harshaw, Wis., which 
they still own. They cut about fifteen mil- 
lion feet of lumber per year, and are doing 
a good business, in connection with which 
they have a general store at the same place. 
In 1893 their mill was burned, but they re- 
built without delay, and immediately re- 
sumed work. Mr. Norway is also interested 
in a drug store in Merrill, and in 1894, in 
company with J. R. Babcock, he built and 
established a factory for the manufacture of 
boxes, the firm being known as the C. A. 
Norway Box and Lumber Company. Here 
he is also meeting with success, giving em- 
ployment to fifty men. 

In 1881 Mr. Norway was united in mar- 
riage with Frances Kimball, who was born 
at Stevens Point, Wis., and is a daughter of 
Bryant B. Kimball. Unto our subject and 
his estimable wife has been born one child, 
a son, Jerry A. In politics, Mr. Norway is a 
Republican, and is in favor of any move- 
ment that is for the benefit of the communi- 
ty, or calculated to elevate the tone of so- 
ciety in general. He served for one year as 
alderman of the city. He is also interested 
in civic societies, holding membership with 



the I. O. O. F., and of the F. and A. M. 
(being a Knight Templar) of Wausau. He 
is an industrious, energetic business man, 
and everything he undertakes he carries for- 
ward to completion if it lies within his 

HON. GILBERT L. PARK, deceased. 
The family from which this gentle- 
man descended were of English 
origin, and early settlers in America 
during Colonial days. Joel Park, grand- 
father of Gilbert L. , was a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution, and was present at 
the surrender of Gen. Burgoyne's army. 

The subject of these lines was born 
August 31, 1825, at Scipio, Cayuga Co., 
N. Y. , a son of Elisha and Sarah (Mc- 
Dowell) Park, prosperous and highly-es- 
teemed farming people of that State. The 
lad received a liberal education at the 
schools of his native place till the age of 
fifteen, when, without in anyway consult- 
ing his parents, he left the parental roof — 
in other words "ran away from home" — 
and enlisted in the service of the Hudson 
Bay Company. With a party of their em- 
ployes he went up the Ottawa river, in Can- 
ada, in the direction of Hudson Bay, and as 
far north as Fort Churchill on the river 
Severn. Returning, however, southward at 
the end of a year, by way of the Georgian 
Bay, he there left the company and took 
passage on a steamer for Detroit, thence 
proceeded to Port Dover, county of Norfolk, 
Upper Canada (now Province of Ontario), 
where his father's family had recently set- 
tled. The next three years Mr. Park spent 
at an academy in Millville, Orleans Co. , 
N. Y. , then once more proceeded to Can- 
ada, where he embarked in business as a 
lumberman, meeting with encouraging suc- 
cess for some two years, or till in 1848, 
when he had the misfortune to lose a large 
raft of logs which had broken up on Lake 
Erie, nearly every ' ' stick " floating over the 
Falls of Niagara This caused him to close 
out his business, and he then commenced 
the study of law at Kalamazoo, Mich., in 
the office of Hon. N. A. Balch of that place. 
He was admitted to the bar of that county. 

in September, 1851, and in November, same 
year, he removed to Wisconsin, where, his 
funds being e.xhausted, he went to work 
cutting saw logs on the Wisconsin river, at 
which he continued until the summer of 
1852, when he formed a law partnership 
with James S. Alban, at Plover, at that time 
the county seat of Portage county, which 
firm conducted business until 1855, when it 
was dissolved. Mr. Park then removed to 
Stevens Point, where he opened up an office 
and established a law practice, which con- 
tinued up to the time of his death. He dis- 
tinguished himself as one of the ablest mem- 
bers of his profession in northern Wiscon- 
sin, and his energy and vigor, both of mind 
and body, his command of speech and pen, 
inspired the people with such full confidence 
in his ability and integrity that they early 
honored him with election to local positions 
of responsibility and trust. None, perhaps, 
ever exercised more influence on the people, 
or more impressed them with his own 
merits, than Mr. Park. In 1854 he was 
elected district attorney of Portage county, 
in which incumbency he served four years; 
was mayor of Stevens Point at the time of 
the breaking out of the war of the Rebellion, 
and being a "War-Democrat" he resigned 
the office in order to take up the sword in 
defense of the integrity of the Union, as ad- 
jutant of the Eighteenth Regiment Wis. 
V. I., afterward accepting the captaincy of 
Company G. same regiment. He accom- 
panied his regiment in all its fortunes for a 
period of nearly three and one-half years, 
during which he participated, among other 
engagements, in the famous battle of Look- 
out Mountain, where they "fought above 
the clouds," also at Vicksburg, and Corinth, 
and with Sherman on his march to Atlanta. 
Although never wounded, he experienced 
several narrow escapes, at one time his 
horse being shot under him, at another a 
bullet striking his scabbard (while the sword 
was sheathed), a portion of the sword blade 
being broken off. On retiring from his 
service in the army. Judge Park, in the 
spring of 1865, returned to Stevens Point, 
Wis., and resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession, at the same time applying himself 
to the study of advanced legal lore so assidu- 



ously that before very long he became both 
a jury and consulting lawyer of no little 
reputation, probably, if anything, excelling 
in the latter capacity. He died June 5, 
1884, of Bright's disease, and was buried 
under the auspices of the Masonic Frater- 
nity. He had been in ill health for some 
time, and had traveled considerably in Cali- 
fornia in the hope of bettering his physical 
condition; but he returned home in 1883, 
little improved, and in January, 1884, be- 
came a patient in the Sanitarium at Wau- 
kesha, Wis., where he succumbed to the 
disease which had so long and painfully 
afflicted him. 

Judge Gilbert L. Park, as has already 
been remarked in this article, was a " War- 
Democrat," but in earlier days he voted 
with the old Whig party. On March i, 
1875, he was appointed, by Gov. Taylor, 
circuit judge, to fill a two-years' vacancy, 
and in April following was elected by the 
people. In 1878 he was re-elected for the 
full term, but owing to ill health he was 
obliged to resign in July, 1883, before the 
expiry of the term. As a jurist he was cool, 
clear-headed, candid and logical; he pre- 
sided with ease and dignity, and with the 
utmost fairness and impartiality. As an 
evidence of his popularity it may be men- 
tioned that while serving in the army he 
was nominated (without his knowledge or 
consent), and run by his party, for State 
Senator on two or three occasions; he was 
also urged to bring himself forward as can- 
didate for the lieutenant-governorship of 
Wisconsin, and also for member of Con- 

On February 26, 1856, he was married 
to Miss Mary D. Beach, daughter of John 
and Anna (Waterhouse) Beach, and three 
children were born to this union, to wit: 
Byron B., sketch of whom follows; Gilbert 
L. (practicing law in Stevens Point), and 
Anna, both living at the old homestead in 
Stevens Point. The mother of these died 
November 9, 1893, and she and her husband 
lie side by side in the cemetery of the Church 
of the Intercession (Episcopal) at Stevens 
Point. Mrs. Park was, however, associated 
with the Methodist Church. The Judge was 
a prominent member of the F. & A. M., 

had reached the thirty-second degree, and 
was a Knight Templar. He was an ardent 
student and lover of Nature and Nature's 
God, and, as described by one who knew 
him well, was a man who saw something 
beautiful in every phase and form of life; 
one who was the delight of every social 
group — young or old; one whose smile would 
lighten a household, whose frown would 
cause a pang; the quiet ease, the social 
converse, the varied learning — all were his, 
and no one ever sat in his company without 
feeling disquieted at his departure; he was 
never boisterous, never rude, and always 
mindful of the feelings of others. In do- 
mestic life he was a lovable character, a 
kind husband, and loving father, and true 
friend to his children. 

D LLOYD JONES. This leading 
member of the bar, one of the ex- 
perienced and reliable attorneys of 
Portage county, is conspicuous not 
only as such, but as one of the best-known 
and widely-respected citizens in this portion 
of the State. 

He is a native of North Wales, born Oc- 
tober 9, 1 84 1, in the parish of Llanfair, 
Denbighshire, a son of Edward and Anna 
Maria (Lloyd) Jones, well-to-do farming 
people of North Wales, who lived at Graig 
Cottage. The father died at Graig Cottage 
in 1856, the mother at Rock Cliffe, North 
Wales, in 1881, and both their remains re- 
pose in the cemetery of Llanfair's Parish 
Church. They were members of the Epis- 
copal and Congregational Churches, respect- 

Our subject received his education in 
part at the British and Foreign School at 
Ruthin, Denbighshire, North Wales, and in 
part at a Church school in Wrexham, Flint- 
shire, after which, February 18, 1856, he 
entered the North and South Wales Bank as 
junior clerk, in which capacity he served in 
that institution two years, at Liverpool, 
Chester and Wrexham. On May 15, 1858, 
he emigrated to America, sailing from Liv- 
erpool on the "Jeremiah Quin," of the 
Black Ball Line, and arriving in New York 
in June. After remaining there a couple of 



weeks endeavoring to secure a position in 
one or other of the banking institutions of 
that city, he came to Wisconsin, for a brief 
space sojourning in Milwaukee; but he soon 
found employment on a farm near Wau- 
kesha. At the end of a month he moved to 
near Oshkosh, to the home of his uncle, 
George Griffiths, where and in the vicinity 
he remained until the spring of i860. He 
then proceeded to Lake Emily, near Fox 
Lake, and worked on a farm until his enlist- 
ment at Beaver Dam, Dodge county, in 
Company C, Sixteenth Wis. V. I., in De- 
cember, 1 86 1, with which regiment he par- 
ticipated in the battles of Shiloh and Cor- 
inth, siege of Vicksburg and Atlanta, and 
many minor engagements, and Sherman's 
march to the sea, during which latter, 
toward the close of. the march, he had 
charge of the foragers for his brigade. In 
October, 1862, after the battle of Corinth, 
he was promoted to first sergeant; in July, 
1864, after the battle of Atlanta, was pro- 
moted to second lieutenant; in December, 
1864, was appointed adjutant of the regi- 
ment, and July 12, 1865, was mustered out 
of the service with the latter rank. On 
July 21, 1864, while making a charge on 
the works at Leggett's Hill, before Atlanta, 
he received a bullet wound in the back part 
of the neck, rendering him unconscious, so 
that he had to be carried from the field. It 
was a very narrow escape for him from 
death, as had the bullet struck him a little 
higher or a little lower the result would 
have been instant death. After leaving the 
army he returned to the peaceful pursuits 
of agriculture, and so continued till Jan- 
uary, 1866, when he was appointed, by 
State Treasurer W. E. Smith, clerk in the 
treasurer's office at Madison, in which capac- 
ity he remained until October, 1871. In 
the meantime he took up the study of 
law, in September, 1870, entering the Uni- 
versity Law School at Madison, where he 
graduated in June, 1871, at the same time 
being admitted to the bar of the supreme 
court. In October, 1 871, he came to 
Stevens Point, where he commenced the 
practice of his profession, in partnership 
with G. L. Park, under the firm name of 
Park & Jones. In 1875 Mr. Park was 

elected circuit judge, and the partnership 
was dissolved, Mr. Jones then conducting 
the business alone until August, 1876, at 
which time he associated himself with A. W. 
Sanborn, the firm being known as Jones & 
Sanborn till March, 1886, when Judge Gate 
was admitted into partnership, the style of 
the firm becoming Cate, Jones & Sanborn, 
and has since so remained, Mr. Jones having 
charge of all the supreme court work of the 
firm, and giving his special attention to 
corporation, real-estate and commercial 
law business. 

On May i, 1867, Mr. Jones was united 
in marriage with Miss Addie Purple, daugh- 
ter of Chauncey H. Purple, at that time as- 
sistant State treasurer. Two children have 
been born to this union, viz. : Grace Pur- 
ple, married to George S. Rodd, and Chaun- 
cey Lloyd, now a student of law. Politically 
our subject is a Republican, and for five 
3'ears he represented his ward in the council 
as alderman, part of the time filling the 
president's chair. In 1872 he was appoint- 
ed United States commissioner for the West- 
ern District of W^isconsin, which office he 
yet fills. In religious faith he and his wife 
are members of the Episcopal Church, of 
which he is one of the vestrymen. Socially, 
since 1870 he has been a member of the F. 
& A. M., was in Madison Lodge No. 5, and 
is now a member of Evergreen Lodge No. 
93, of Stevens Point; has passed all the 
minor degrees up to and including that of 
Knight Templar, is member of the Wiscon- 
sin Consistory, Scottish Rite, Milwaukee, 
and is a member of Crusade Commandery 
No. 17, Stevens Point. In 1891 he was 
elected grand commander, Knights Templar 
of the State of Wisconsin, serving as such 
one year; was commander of Crusade Com- 
mandery six years, high priest of the Chap- 
ter four years, and at the present time is 
master of the lodge at Stevens Point. By 
virtue of his honorable service in the Union 
army during the Civil war, he is a member 
of the G. A. R., Stevens Post No. 156, of 
which he has been commander, and has 
served in the Council of Administration of 
the Department of Wisconsin; also was 
judge advocate on the staff of Col. Upham 
while the latter was department commander. 



M. D. Among the eminent phy- 
sicians and surgeons of Portage coun- 
ty, the more prominent of wliom find 
place in this volume, none enjoys to a great- 
er extent the confidence and esteem of the 
community at large than the gentleman 
whose name is here recorded. 

Our subject is an Ohioan by birth, hav- 
ing first seen the light at Harpersfield, Ash- 
tabula county, August 17, 1827, a son of 
Ezra and Eve (Brakeman) Gregory, natives 
of Schoharie county, N. Y. , the former of 
Scottish ancestry, the latter of German. 
The father, who was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, came with his family to Walworth 
county, Wis., in 1846, afterward moving to 
Sauk county, where he died at his home in 
Winfield township. He was a Whig of the 
old school, and at one time served as sheriff 
of Ashtabula county, Ohio; also as justice of 
the peace, and in other positions of honor 
and trust, after coming to Wisconsin, in- 
variably winning and retaining the confi- 
dence and esteem of those with whom he 
was associated. Courteous, genial and kind- 
hearted, he was universally liked, and was 
extremely popular. In Sauk county he filled 
various offices, such as justice of the peace, 
supervisor, etc. , and so valuable were his 
services that he was almost continually called 
upon to serve the community in which he 
lived in an official capacity of some kind or 

The subject proper of these lines received 
his education at the public schools of Ohio, 
and at the age of fourteen commenced read- 
ing medicine in the office of Ur. Jerome 
Gregory, of Harpersfield, Ohio, with whom 
he remained till coming to Wisconsin with 
the rest of his father's family in 1846. Here 
he resumed his medical studies in the office 
of his brother, H. N. Gregory, at Fort At- 
kinson, Jefferson county, and then attended 
the Indiana Medical College at Laporte, 
Ind., two sessions, and keeping up his 
studies closely ultimately graduated from 
Cleveland Medical College, at Cleveland, 
Ohio. In 1850 he located in Plover, Port- 
age Co., Wis., and at once commenced the 
practice of his profession, being the only 
physician in the place at that time, and here 

remained until the spring of 1887, the time 
of his removal to Stevens Point, since when 
he has been in active practice as physician 
and surgeon in that prosperous and progress- 
ive city. 

On February 22, 1852, Dr. Gregory was 
united in marriage with Miss Olive S. Bab- 
cock, and they have two children, namely: 
Frances R., born July 27, 1855, and Will 
W., born September 16, 1870, living at home 
with his parents. Politically the Doctor is a 
stanch Republican, and for four years, under 
the administration of Garfield and Arthur, 
he served as pension examiner. His full 
time has been given to his profession, to 
which he is devoted, and as he is a busy 
man at all times, he finds leisure time for 
little else. A prominent member of the F. 
& A. M., he has been a Knight Templar for 
the past nine years, and he is highly re- 
spected and esteemed by the community. 

THOMAS LOVE is proprietor of the 
"Love Hotel," Grand Rapids, and 
probably no resident of Wood county 
is better or more favorably known 
than he. Mr. Love is universally esteemed 
by those who have the pleasure of his ac- 
quaintance, and no better evidence of his 
worth can be given to the public than a record 
of his personal history in this volume. 

Our subject was born in Canada, about 
twenty miles west of Quebec, July 24, 1838, 
and is a son of Patrick and Isabella (Beatie) 
Love (natives of Ireland), both now de- 
ceased. The father was a farmer by occu- 
pation, but taught school for thirty-five 
years in one district in Canada. The family 
comprised twelve children, of whom nine are 
still living, namely: Mary, who resides in 
Milwaukee, Wis. ; Patrick, a resident of 
Rochester, N. Y. ; Catherine, wife of James 
Mehan, who makes his home in Milwaukee; 
Elizabeth, who also lives in Rochester, N. 
Y. ; William and Thomas, both of Grand 
Rapids, Wis. ; Eugene, residing in Rochester, 
N. Y. ; James, of the same city; and Alex- 
ander, who lives at Stevens Point, Wis. 
The father died March 10, 1876. 

The subject of this sketch was reared 
and educated in Canada, and after leaving 



school engaged in aggricultural pursuits un- 
til he was twenty-iive years of age, when on 
the 5th of February, 1864, he left home for 
Rochester, N. Y. In Orleans county, that 
State, he went to work for H. H. Benedict, 
and continued in his employ until November 
of the same year. On November 12, 1864, 
he removed to Grand Rapids, Wis. , where he 
has since made his home. The trip from 
New Lisbon, N. Y., to Grand Rapids, was 
made by stage and occupied three days. 
During the first winter after his arrival Mr. 
Love worked in the lumber woods for James 
Mehan; the following year he engaged with 
John Rablin at carpentering and building, 
and was also employed in a mill. He con- 
tinued in that employ until 1873, when he 
started his present business, that of hotel- 

On June 4, i860, Mr. Love wedded Ma- 
tilda Reinhart, who was born December 
15, 1842, daughter of Jonathan and Lucinda 
(McWilliams) Reinhart, who had a family 
of five children: Mary M., born November 
17, 1 841; Matilda (Mrs. Love); J. G., born 
October 15, 1844; M. L. , born January i, 
1850; and Jonathan, born April 12, 1S52. 
Mr. Love's brothers were born as follows: 
William, born July 19, 1836; Eugene, August 
6, 1840; Stephen, December 7, 1843; James, 
October 6, 1845; and Alexander, Octo- 
bers, 1849. The mother of these died Oc- 
tober 12, 1863. The children who bless 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Love 
are John Graves, born June 2, 1861, who is 
foreign or commercial agent for the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company, 
with residence at Centralia, Wis. ; Peter, 
born March 24, 1863, an engineer on the 
Green Bay, Winona & St. Paul railroad, his 
home being in Grand Rapids; Mary M., born 
April 20, 1865, died November 4, 1868; 
William E., born April 26, 1867, a train 
dispatcher on the Wisconsin Central rail- 
road; Arthur T. , born October 8, 1871, 
cashier in the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul railroad office at Centralia, Wis. ; Lavin 
M., born April 18, 1874, died October 5, 
1874; Ale.xander Raymond, born October 
21, 1875, has just graduated with honors 
from the schools of Grand Rapids; James 
Irving, born December 18, 1877; Francis 

Roger L. , born September 2, 1879; Paul 
Carl, born September 28, 1 88 1 ; and Matilda 
M., born January 17, 1886, died September 
28, 1888. 

Mr. Love and his family are devout 
members of the Roman Catholic Church; 
in his political views he is a Democrat, and 
stanchly supports the principles of that 
party. In everything pertaining to the wel- 
fare of Grand Rapids he takes an active 
part, and is numbered among her honored 
and respected citizens. 

THOMAS CHRISTY, a leadingblack- 
smith and wagonmaker of Merrill, 
Lincoln county, is conducting a suc- 
cessful and well-established business, 
one that occupies a prominent place among 
the various industries of that thriving city. 
He is a man of high standing in the com- 
munity, as he conducts his business on 
strictly honest principles, and is looked upon 
as a useful and honorable citizen. 

The birth of Mr. Christy occurred in 
New Brunswick, Canada, August 13, 1835, 
and he is a son of John Christy, who was 
born in the same province in 1801. The 
grandfather, Jesse Christy, was born in New 
Hampshire August i, 1755, and went to 
Canada in 1762 with the first colony that 
settled along the St. John river. He was 
there married in 1781 to Easter Burpee, a 
native of the same place in New Hamp- 
shire, born May 3, 1759, also a member of 
the colony. They became the parents of 
thirteen children, their names and dates of 
birth being as follows: Agnes, January 12, 
1782, died 1828; James, February 2, 1783; 
Thomas, June 12, 1784, died 1853; Mary, 
June 14, 1786, died 1835; Jesse, September 
25, 1787, died 1789; Jesse, June 16, 1789; 
Hepzibah, May 3, 1791; Elizabeth, March 
I. 1793; Peter, February 15, 1795; Joshua, 
September 28, 1797; Jeremiah, June 16, 
1799; John (the father ot our subject), 
September 5, 1801, died September 5, 
1872; George, January 3, 1803. Jesse 
Christy and his wife were highly-respected 
people, honored and esteemed. They both 
died in Canada, at a ripe old age, where he 



for many years had carried on agricultural 

John Christy, father of our subject, was 
a millwright by trade, which occupation he 
followed some fifty years. He was twice 
married — first time August 2, 1828, to Par- 
melia Quint, who was born in September, 
1809, in the State of Maine, daughter of 
William and Susan (Payne) Quint, both also 
natives of Maine (the former born Novem- 
ber 20, 1785; they were married in 1808), 
where the father was a sailor during the 
earlier years of his life. They removed to 
New Brunswick in 1723, where Mr. Quint 
was engaged in lumbering, and Mrs. Quint 
died. They were the parents of ten chil- 
dren, to wit: Permelia, born September i, 
1809. married in 1828, died in 1836; Jo- 
annes, born March 28, 181 1, died 1812; 
Diana, born February 5, 1813, married 
1833, died 1892. Eliza, born August 18, 
1816, married 1834, died 1842; William 
Payne, born December i, 181 8, married 
1846; Amsom Parker, born May 11, 1824, 
married 1855; Susan Payne, born July 26, 
1826, married 1846, died 1861; Jane Al- 
lingham, born May 13, 1829, married 1853; 
Elizabeth E., born October 13, 1832, died 
1842; Henry D., born August 25, 1835, 
married 1866. The father of these died in 
1843, the mother in 1865. Samuel Payne, 
maternal grandfather of Mrs. Permelia 
Christy, was a Revolutionary soldier. To 
John and Permelia Christy were born chil- 
dren as follows: Mary Ann, May 11, 1829; 
John P., December i, 1830; Diana, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1833; and Thomas, August 13, 

1835. The mother of these died May 27, 

1836, and in 1845 Mr. Christy, for his sec- 
ond wife, married Miss Jane B. Perley, who 
was born December 4, 1808, daughter of 
Thomas Perley; she died September 21, 

Thomas Christy, whose name introduces 
this record, received his education in the 
common schools of his native country, and 
remained at home until he had attained his 
twenty-fifth year, working with his father 
at the millwright's trade. He then started 
out in life for himself, following lumbering 
and milling for some six years. At the end 
of that time he began blacksmithing in New 

Brunswick, and was thus employed ten years, 
when he sold out and purchased a saw and 
grist mill, operating the same some five 
years. In September, 1881, he came to 
Wisconsin, locating at Wausau, where he 
worked at his trade for others about four 
years. He then removed to Scofield, Wis. , 
remaining there about a year, when he 
came to Merrill and built his present black- 
smith shop, which he has since conducted. 
He has in his employ five workmen, and the 
work he turns out is all of a first-class de- 
scription. During his residence in this State 
Mr. Christy has also superintended the con- 
struction of many dams in Michigan, Mon- 
tana, Iowa and Wisconsin. He has had a 
great amount of experience in his line of 
work, for when at home he often aided his 
father who was an expert in that line of 

On September 3, 1868, in Canada, 
Mr. Christy was united in marriage with 
Miss Helen White, who was born in that 
country June 23, 1851, a daughter of 
Peter and Esther (Wiggins) White, who 
were the parents of ten children, named 
respectively: Ebenezer H., Elizabeth A., 
Henry K., Helen, Esther R. , Amelia M., 
Neville V., Rebecca A., Carrie E. and Eva 

E. The father was a carpenter and mill- 
wright by trade, and he died in New Bruns- 
wick May 2, 1867, his wife in the spring of 
1894, in Duluth, Minn. His grandparents, 
who were Loyalists, removed to Canada from 
the United States at the time of the Revolu- 
tion. To our subject and wife have come 
two sons — John K., born September 26, 
1869, and Wesley H., born June 8, 1871, 
both connected in business with their father. 

The cause of temperance has always 
received the earnest support of Mr. Christy, 
and he now stanchly advocates the principles 
of the Prohibition party, with which he casts 
his ballot, though he is no politician ; he is now 
serving as alderman of the Fourth ward of 
Merrill. With the Presbyterian Church he 
holds membership, and is at present one of 
its elders; socially, he is a member of the 

F. & A. M. In business he has won a well- 
merited success, and in connection with his 
sons not only does general blacksmithing 
and repairing, but also deals in wagons. 


cutters, sleighs, etc. They conduct a hicra- 
tive trade, and rank among the best firms 
of the city. 


tensive manufacturer and general 
merchant at Hewitt, Wood coun- 
ty, has grown by slow degrees to 
his present active and influential life from a 
start as modest as ever fell to the lot of a 
poor boy. He commenced with no capital, 
and directing his attention to an industry 
that permitted the use of an abundance of 
hard work and energy, he has gradually 
broadened his sphere of action. An unin- 
terrupted continuance of this course has 
brought him wealth and prosperity. 

Mr. Ruplinger was born in Polk town- 
ship, Washington Co., Wis., July 22, 1850, 
son of Nicholas and Magdalena (Wahlen) 
Ruplinger, who in 1846 emigrated from 
Prussia, their native land, and settled on a 
farm in W^ashington county, Wis., where he 
remained through life. Of their si.\ chil- 
dren — Mathias, John, Joseph, Michael, 
Mary and Margaret — two were born in Ger- 
many, one on the ocean and three in Wis- 
consin. Michael was reared on his father's 
farm, and attended the district schools in 
that neighborhood. At the age of sixteen 
he began life for himself, for three years 
worked out on a farm, then at the age of 
nineteen entered upon business operations 
of his own. In partnership with Henry 
Knapp he began, in the town of West Bend, 
the manufacture of staves with horse-power. 
For eight years they followed this work suc- 
cessfully, when Mr. Ruplinger, believing 
that steam-power would prove profitable, 
risked the construction of a steam plant at 
the city of West Bend; his judgment proved 
correct; but in 1879 he met with misfortune 
in the shape of a fire that destroyed the fac- 
tory, by which he lost everything, less about 
$500. However, he rebuilt, and continued to 
operate the plant successfully until 18S5. The 
northern part of the State seeming to offer 
greater opportunities in the way of material, 
Mr. Ruplinger in that year decided to locate 
in Wood county. In company with two 
others he built a large stave and heading 

factory at Hewitt. Wise management made 
the venture a success, and in 1887 a saw- 
mill was added. In the same year they 
started a general store, the partners being 
his brother John R. , and Baltus Christmann. 
In 1889 Mr. Ruplinger, in company with 
Mr. Uthmeir, opened a general store at 
Marshfield. In 1883, in companj- with his 
brother John, he still further extended his 
business interests to a stave factory and lum- 
ber yard at Allenton, Washington county, 
some twenty men being employed, John 
Ruplinger looking after the lumber yard at 
Allenton; he was a soldier during the war of 
the Rebellion, serving in the First Wis. V. 
C. In 1 89 1 Mr. Ruplinger, in company 
with his brother John R. , Baltus Christ- 
mann and William Uthmeir, started a steam 
and heating foundry at Loyal, Clark Co., 
Wis., and also a general store. In 1892 he 
bought out the company, and purchased 
1,500 acres of timber land in order to 
supply their mill for future years. The 
general store in Marshfield, which is one 
of the finest in the county, carries a stock 
valued at $8,000, and handles all kinds of 
farm produce. Mr. Ruplinger also deals to 
some extent in land, timber, etc. He has 
been a heavy loser, not only by fire, but also 
through endorsing for others, losing within 
a couple of years as much as $9,000, by 
signing for the accommodation of others. 

In 1872 Mr. Ruplinger was married, in 
Milwaukee, to Miss Mary Ritger, a native 
of New York. Her parents, Philip and 
Katherine (Wolf) Ritger, emigrated from 
Bavaria, Germany, to America, in 1848, and, 
after residing for some time in New York 
State, moved to Washington county, Wis. , 
where they died. Their children were John, 
Philip, Jacob, Peter, August, Frank, Mary 
and Paulina. To Mr. and Mrs. Ruplinger 
ten children have been born, as follows: 
Philip M., Anna K., Peter L. , Edward, 
Joseph and Richard B., all living at home, 
and John, Mary, Rosa, and an infant, all 
four deceased. Philip M. is clerking in the 
store at Marshfield. In politics Mr. Rup- 
linger is a Democrat. Against his wishes 
he was nominated on his party's ticket for 
member of the State Legislature in 1894, 
for his private affairs do not permit the de- 

-^yt^f^i^AJ^/yy fd^t^^^yU-^r^y^/O^ 


votion of his time to politics. He talces a 
lively interest in school matters, and for six 
years was school treasurer at Hewitt. In 
religious affiliation he is a member of the 
Catholic Church. Mr. Ruplinger is dis- 
tinctively a self-made man. He owns a fine 
home, and his large business interests and 
sterling character have given him an influen- 
tial standing in Wood county. He is "one 
of the people," for, whatever may be his po- 
sition in life, he is thoroughly permeated 
with the essence of the Democratic princi- 
ples upon which the American form of gov- 
ernment is based. 

JOHN P. CHRISTY, though a recent 
arrival in Merrill, Lincoln county, has 
already won the respect and esteem of 
all with whom he has come in contact. 
He is a brother of Thomas Christy, the well- 
known blacksmith and wagon maker of Mer- 
rill, in whose sketch a full record of the 
family is given. 

The subject of these lines was born in 
New Brunswick, Canada, December i, 1830, 
and in that country during his boyhood and 
youth was educated, attending the common 
schools of the neighborhood of his home. 
He was there reared, and with his father 
learned the trade of a millwright, remaining 
with him until the latter's death, in 1872. 
Since then he has made that occupation his 
life work, and is recognized as a thorough 
expert. He remained in his native country 
until 1892, when, accompanied by his family, 
he came to Wisconsin, locating in Merrill, 
which he now makes his home. 

In New Brunswick Mr. Christy was mar- 
ried, in 1869, to Miss Frances Mitchell, a 
native of that country, and a daughter of 
William and Anna (Doby) Mitchell, who had 
a family of eight children, John, James, 
William, George, Alexander, Janet, Mary 
Ann and Frances. Both the parents were 
natives of Scotland, and were married in 
Canada, where the father engaged in farm- 
ing. To Mr. and Mrs. Christy have been 
born two sons, both of whom arc at home — 
Alexander, who is working in the mills at 
Merrill (he holds membership with the 

I.O.O.F.); and William, who is still attend- 
ing school. The father belongs to no secret 
society; in religious faith he is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and is a consistent 
Christian gentleman. He bears a high char- 
acter for sterling integrity, and his honesty 
is unquestioned. 

EDWARD D. GLENNON, editor and 
proprietor of The Gazette of Stevens 
Point, Portage county, is a native of 
that city, having been born there 
September 3, 1857, when it was a village of 
but a few hundred inhabitants. 

Until about the age of fourteen years he 
attended the public schools of his native 
place, after which he became an apprentice 
in the Journal office, remaining there until 
1877. He then established a job-printing 
establishment and confectionery store; later, 
on July 17, 1878, in company with H. W. 
Lee and W. C. Krembs, started the Portage 
County Gazette. The newspaper firm was 
known as Glennon, Krembs & Co., for some 
eighteen months, at the end of which time 
it was changed to Glennon & Cooper, Clay 
C. Cooper having bought out the interests 
of the other partners. In May, 1883, Mr. 
Glennon became sole proprietor, and has 
since so continued to the present time. Tlie 
Gazette is an active local publication, enjoy- 
ing a circulation extending throughout the 
county and neighboring cities and towns. 

On March 31, 1880, Mr. Glennon was 
married to Miss Annie M. Krembs, eldest 
daughter of Charles Krembs (now deceased) 
who during his life time was a leading hard- 
ware merchant of Stevens Point. To this 
union have been born six children: Mar- 
guerite, Edward, Carl, George, Katherine 
and Grace, the eldest being now (Septem- 
ber, 1895) fourteen years old, and the 
youngest an infant of seven months. Mr. 
Glennon in politics is a Democrat, has been 
a member of the board of education for ten 
years, and president of the local branch, C. 
K. of W., nine years. His father, who was 
born in Ireland, coming to this country when 
a boy, is living at Stevens Point in the en- 
joyment of good health at the age of sixty- 
eight years. 


JAMES O. RAYMOND, one of the 
oldest established attorneys at law of 
Stevens Point, Portage county, has long 
held, in the opinion of those competent 
to judge, an enviable place in the front rank 
of the array of legal talent which constitutes 
the bar of this State. 

Mr. Raymond is a native of New York 
State, born May 30, 1831, in McDonough, 
Chenango county, a son of Edward and 
Maria (Osborn) Raymond, who were of En- 
glish and Irish extraction respectively, the 
former a native of Athol, Worcester Co., 
Mass., the latter of Washington county, N. 
Y. Our subject received his education at 
the public schools of Chenango and Tioga 
(N. Y.) counties, at Newark Valley (N. Y.) 
High School, and at the academy at Owego, 
Tioga county, after which he taught school 
some four terms. When twenty-two years 
old, in 1853, he commenced the study of law 
in the office of John M. Parker, of Owego, 
N. Y., remaining under his preceptorship 
two years, or until 1855, when he came west 
to Wisconsin, and in Fond du Lac continued 
his law studies in the office of Edward & 
Bragg. In the fall of the same year he 
moved to Plover, Portage county, where he 
taught school one term. On May 26, 1856, 
he was admitted to the bar at Plover, and at 
once commenced the practice of his chosen 
profession. On February 20, 1866, he was 
admitted to the Wisconsin Supreme Court, 
and on June 5, 1873, to the United States 
Circuit and District Courts. In July, 1873, 
he moved to Stevens Point, where he has 
since resided. At first, and for some years, 
Mr. Raymond conducted a general practice, 
being employed on many important cases; 
but for the past five years he has restricted 
himself more exclusively to acting as coun- 
sel, appearing only occasionally in court to 
argue cases, generally in the supreme court. 
The cases he argued in that court numbered 
over one hundred, and altogether it may be 
said that he has been identified with and in- 
terested in more important cases than, prob- 
ably, any other attorney in this section of 
the State. In 1856 he was elected, on the 
Republican ticket, district attorney of Port- 
age county, re-elected in 1858, and again in 
1866, and he was a member of the board of 

supervisors of Plover for some years. In 
1865 he was elected to the Assembly, and in 
1 88 1 he was appointed postmaster at Stevens 
Point, serving four years. During the Civil 
war, February i, 1865, he enlisted in Com- 
pany C, Fifty-second Wis. V. I., at its for- 
mation, and on the organization of the com- 
pany he was appointed first sergeant. He 
saw service at St. Louis and Pilot Knob, 
Mo., also at Ft. Leavenworth, Kans. , and 
at the expiration of his service was brevetted 
second lieutenant. 

On October 25, 1857, Mr. Raymond was 
united in marriage with Miss Mary Eliza 
Harris, of Canton, Ohio, and three children 
were born to them, only one of whom grew 
to maturity — Mitchell Harris Raymond, now 
cashier of the Merchants State Bank, of 
Rhinelander, Wis. The wife and mother 
died in October, 1864, and April 15, 1867, 
our subject was married to Mrs. Lucinda 
Hanchett, widow of Hon. Luther Hanchett, 
a former partner of Mr. Raymond, and who 
died while a member of Congress. Socially 
Mr. Raymond has been a member of the F. 
& A. M. since September, 1856, is a Royal 
Arch Mason, belongs to the Chapter, and is 
a Knight Templar; while a resident of Plover 
he served as Master of Blue Lodge No. 76, 
and after coming to Stevens Point was mas- 
ter for a tune of Evergreen Lodge, of that 
city. He is also a member of the G. A. R. , 
Stevens Point Post No. 56, was its first 
commander, and held that position some 
three years. He is one of the most popular 
men of Portage county, is possessed of 
marked abilit}', and has acquired a reputa- 
tion for business tact and fairness greatly to 
his credit. 

JOHN OELHAFEN, a prominent and 
influential citizen of Tomahawk, Lin- 
coln county, is a native of Bavaria, 
Germany, born January 22, 1836, a 
son of Andrew Oelhafen. 

The father of our subject was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, June 15, 1806. and was 
a man of rank and owner of a large estate. 
He came to America in 1845, landing in 
Milwaukee, and purchased a quarter section 



of government land in Washington county, 
Wis., which he cleared and cultivated, liv- 
ing there until 1863. He then removed to 
Milwaukee, residing there until his death, 
in 1875. He was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth Beck, daughter of a well-to-do 
farmer, and one of a large family. Their 
children were: John, Jacob, Maria E. , 
Margaret E., Fritz, Frederick, Elizabeth, 
Ludwick and Marguerite. 

John Oelhafen, the subject proper of this 
sketch, came to America with his parents 
when eight years of age, and his childhood 
days were spent on the farm, his primary 
education being received in the village 
schools. He remained on the farm, assist- 
ing his father until he reached his majority, 
although at the age of seventeen he com- 
menced working in the pineries, giving his 
earnings to his father to help in the support 
of the family. In September, 1861, he was 
united in marriage with Anna S. Miller, 
daughter of Andrew and Mary (Krouse) Mil- 
ler, the former of whom was an extensive 
landowner in Germany. Anna S. came to 
America, alone, at the age of seventeen. To 
this union were born six children, viz. : 
Anna E., born October 3, 1862, now the 
wife of August Zastrow, living in Toma- 
hawk; Andrew, born February 29, 1864, 
married, and is clerk in his father's store; 
John W., born May 11, 1866, married, and 
also a clerk in his father's store; Mary E., 
born June 28, 1868, now the wife of George 
Pfeiffer, of Wausau, Wis. ; William, born 
April 2, 1872, and Anna L. , born November 
19, 1878. After their marriage Mr. Oelha- 
fen and his wife removed to a farm in Wash- 
ington county, where they remained for 
about two years. Mr. Oelhafen then sold 
his interest in the farm and removed to Mil- 
waukee, where he opened a general store, 
remaining there some ten years. In 1872 
he removed to Wausau, at which place he 
opened a general store, and also engaged in 
the lumbering business, both in Wausau and 
in Millbank, S. Dak., where he still has 
large interests in farm lands and city prop- 
erty. In July, 1887, he erected the first 
building in Tomahawk, Lincoln county, be- 
fore the days of railroads in that section of 
the countr}'. At Tomahawk he again opened 

a general store, which he still carries on, be- 
ing assisted by his three sons. 

Mr. Oelhafen has invested heavily, but 
profitably, in pine and farm lands all through 
the northern part of the State. He owns a 
very handsome residence in Wausau, and 
has always been an enterprising and influen- 
tial citizen. He at one time filled the office 
of vice-president of the first bank of Toma- 
hawk, now Bradley's private bank. The 
family are all leading members of the Lu- 
theran Church. In politics Mr. Oelhafen is 
a Republican, and although often urged by 
his friends would never accept any office. 
He is a man of considerable means, which 
he has acquired by a life of industry. 

DENNIS LAUGHLIN, one of the 
most prosperous farmers of Stockton 
township. Portage county, is the son 
of an old pioneer, and though still a 
young man, has lived to witness the mar- 
velous changes that have occurred in the 
Upper Wisconsin Valley during the past 
forty years. He was born in Toronto, Up- 
per Canada, August 9, 1853, son of Patrick 
and Margaret (Cullon) Laughlin, natives of 
County Wicklow, Ireland, where Patrick 
was born, in 181 5, the son of Dennis Laugh- 
lin, a stock farmer of some means, and 
where Margaret was born, January 10, 1826, 
daughter of Thomas Cullon. 

Soon after their marriage Patrick and 
Margaret Laughlin crossed the Atlantic in a 
sailing vessel, starting from New Ross and 
landing at New York City in June, 1847, 
after a seven-weeks' voyage. At Utica, N. 
Y., they secured employment as attendants 
in the insane asylum. They moved to Can- 
ada early in the year 1853, where Mr. 
Laughlin entered the grocery business, but 
within a year he returned to the United States, 
coming in the fall of 1853 to Wisconsin. 
They reached Stevens Point November 2, 
1853. It was election day, and the site of 
the present " Curran Hotel " was on the out- 
skirts of the village. Election excitement 
was high that day, for between the hotel 
site and the Wisconsin river fourteen fist 
fights were in progress at one time. The 
journey was made from Milwaukee by team. 



Mr. Laughlin bought two lots at Stevens 
Point, which the family still owns. He also 
purchased from the government 120 acres 
in Section 28 of what is now Stockton town- 
ship. During the winter of 1853-54 the 
family lived at Stevens Point; but in the fol- 
lowing spring removed to the farm, where 
they lived in a shanty 16x20 feet, which 
Mr. Laughlin had built, the first habitation 
on the farm. The father at once began to 
improve the place, and he lived here until 
his death, May 8, 1885, after a brief illness. 
He was the owner of 360 acres of land in 
Stockton and New Hope townships. In 
politics he was a Democrat, and his religion 
was that of the Catholic Church. The 
widow still lives on the farm with her son 
« Dennis. The children of Patrick and Mar- 
garet Laughlin were Mary, born in Utica, 
N. Y. , and now the widow of John McGin- 
ley, of Almond township; Dennis; Margaret, 
now Mrs. Patrick Ryan, acting postmaster 
at Custer post office; Catherine, now Mrs. 
Michael Lally, of Rhinelander, Wis. ; Eliza- 
beth, now Mrs. M. O'Keefe, of Stockton 
township; Theresa, Mrs. George Wood- 
north, of Helena, Mont.; Martha, a teacher, 
at home. 

Dennis Laughlin was a babe when he 
was brought to Portage county. He was 
reared on the farm he owns, spending the 
winters in the woods. All told, he has fol- 
lowed lumbering for twenty-two winters. 
He was married July 10, 1S79, in Stockton 
township, to Miss Margaret Conniff, who 
was born in Beloit, Wis., December 18, 
1855, daughter of John and Winifred 
(O'Rourkej Conniff, natives of County Gal- 
way, Ireland. The family of Dennis and 
Margaret Laughlin consists of Amanda W. , 
John Thomas, Mary F. , Stanley P., Daniel 
F., and Ruth A.; Margaret E. died in in- 
fancy. After his marriage Mr. Laughlin 
began housekeeping on the home farm, and 
in 1885, after the death of his father, he 
completed a large stone residence, which is 
the finest in the township. He is the owner 
of over 400 acres of land, and one of the 
most prominent citizens of the township. 
He is a member of the Catholic Church, and 
in politics is a Democrat. In the spring of 
1894 he was elected town chairman, and is 

generally regarded as one of the political 
leaders of the township. Under President 
Harrison's administration he was appointed 
postmaster at Custer, and has since held that 
office, giving over the details of the work to 
his brother-in-law and sister. Mr. Laughlin 
has a remarkable memory, and is gifted with 
a high order of business ability. 

ANTON LIEG & SON is the name 
of one of the most prominent business 
firms of Shawano, and these gentle- 
man demonstrate what can be accom- 
plished through industry, diligence and per- 
severance. The senior member of the firm 
was born in Prussia June 22, 1835, and is 
a son of Kasler Lieg, a tailor by trade. 
The father died when Anton was only 
seven years of age, leaving the widow with 
two children — Anton and John. 

After obtaining an ordinary education, 
Anton Lieg at the age of fourteen began 
working as a slater, and when seventeen he 
came to the United States, going down the 
Rhine to Rotterdam, thence sailing across 
the North Sea to Hull, England, and from 
there journeying by rail to Liverpool, where 
he boarded a sailing vessel, which sixty days 
later reached New York harbor in safety. 
From there traveling westward, his funds 
were exhausted at Erie, Penn., in conse- 
quence of which he was forced to seek work 
there, and obtaining a position as a farm 
hand, remained there from August, 1852, 
until Jul}', 1853, when he came by boat to 
Milwaukee. He had been employed on the 
construction of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern railroad, but through a dishonest 
contractor lost his wages. In Milwaukee, 
he secured work in a brickyard, receiving 
from $25 to $30 per month, and in that 
locality he remained until 1856, when he 
went to Green Bay, Wis., where he again 
secured work in a brickyard. 

On October 20, 1864, in Green Bay, 
Wis., Mr. Lieg married Miss Gertrude 
Bibelhausen, a native of Germany, born 
February 18, 1844. When a child she 
came to the United States with her father, 
John Bibelhausen, who engaged in farming 
in DePere township. Brown Co. , Wis. For 



four years Mr. Lieg continued his connec- 
tion with the brickyard, then worked as a 
gardener in the summer and chopped cord 
wood in the winter. He also clerked for 
two winters in a store there, purchasing a 
house on Main street near Rahr's brewery, 
and kept boarders. In 1871 he came to 
Shawano — traveling by stage — and here 
worked as a gardener, while his wife con- 
ducted a little store, beginning with a capi- 
tal of only $60. In the fall of 1871 they re- 
turned to Green Bay, where for a short 
time Mr. Lieg was employed as overseer of 
a gang of men. In the spring of 1872 he 
again came to Shawano, and purchasing 
twenty-two acres of land began the manu- 
facture of brick. He had disposed of his 
property in Green Bay, and now had a cap- 
ital of $1, 100; but the new business proved 
a failure, and left him with only $200. 
With this he began merchandising, at first 
renting his store room, but after thirteen 
days he purchased it. He first opened with 
a stock of groceries, and subsequently add- 
ed dry goods, later developing a general 
store. At first the family lived in the store 
room which was 40 x 20 feet, as they did 
not wish to go beyond their means; but as 
time passed prosperity attended the new 
undertaking, and to-day the establishment 
is one of the best mercantile houses in 
Shawano, occupying as it does a brick build- 
ing 82 X 20 feet. 

The firm of Anton Lieg & Son have car- 
ried on a successful business, and fair and 
honorable dealing, courteous treatment and 
earnest desire to please their patrons have 
been the important factors in their success. 
Theirs is one of the most substantial firms 
in Shawano, and in connection with general 
merchandising, they are interested in the 
Shawano Water Power and River Improve- 
ment Co., the Shawano Shoe Factory, and 
the Shawano County Bank. The business 
history of this locality would be incomplete 
without the record of their lives, for they 
have greatly promoted commercial activity 
in this region, and while promoting individual 
prosperity have advanced the material wel- 
fare of the community. 

While living in Green Bay, the follow- 
ing children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 

Lieg: Catherine who died in infancy; John 
A., a member of the firm of Lieg & Son; 
John, who died at the age of five years; and 
Mary, who died at the age of ten. Since 
coming to Shawano the family circle has 
been increased by the birth of the follow- 
ing children: Catherine and Frank, who 
are employed in their father's store; Charles, , 
who died in infancy; Peter and Joseph, at 
home. In politics, Mr. Anton Lieg has al- 
ways been a Democrat, and served as alder- 
man for five years, but has never been a politi- 
cian in the sense of office seeking. In 
religious belief he is a Catholic, and helped 
to build the beautiful church in Shawano. 
He also belongs to St. Bonifacius Society 
of Green Bay. — [Since the above was writ- 
ten Mr. Anton Lieg died at his home August 
12, 1895.] 

John A. Lieg, the wide-awake and 
enterprising young business man of the firm, 
was educated in the common schools of 
Shawano, and has been connected with the 
mercantile store here from the beginning. 
He has served as a member of the city 
council for two years. 

of the wealthiest and most prosper- 
ous citizens of Stockton township, 
Portage county, has not always en- 
joyed the comforts of his present life. He 
can look back over many years of hardships 
and struggles, more perhaps than fall to the 
lot of most men, and through them all he 
can trace the threads which have guided him 
upward to a plane considerably above the 
high-water mark of restless want. Those 
threads are patience, steadiness of purpose, 
industry and good management. 

Mr. Kussmann was born in Prussia, May 
20, 1833. His father, John Kussmann, was 
a common laborer, who owned a small piece 
of land, and had five sons and one daughter 
to support — Christian, Peter, John, Gott- 
lieb, William and Regina. With little 
schooling the boys were early put to work. 
Gottlieb at ten years of age began herding 
I cattle, and a little later sheep. His earn- 
' ings barely sufficed for a scanty livelihood. 
At seventeen he was apprenticed to a tailor, 



and for three and a quarter years received 
no wages. Following his trade for a few 
years, conducting a shop of his own for one 
and a half years, he saved a few dollars with 
which he resolved to pay his passage to 
America. In Germany he saw no hope of 
attaining a home. Bidding farewell to 
friends he took passage August lo, 1856, at 
Hamburg, in the sailing vessel " Elizabeth," 
bound for New York. An incident at sea 
was a collision with another craft in mid- 
ocean, resulting not more seriously, fortun- 
ately, than in the loss of a mast. Another 
feature of the trip was that aboard was the 
young woman whom Gottlieb afterward 
made his wife. She too, with her mother, 
stepfather and brothers and sisters was 
journeying to a land of greater opportunities. 
After six weeks and two days the ' ' Eliza- 
beth " reached New York. Gottlieb's in- 
tended destination was Montello, Marquette 
Co., Wis., where friends lived. At Green 
Lake Prairie he struck his first job, and for 
si.x weeks' work received fifteen dollars, 
which was paid in gold dollars, queer little 
coins indeed as they seemed to the German 
boy. During the winter he worked at his 
trade, and May 3, 1857, came to Stevens 
Point by team. En route he spied some 
Indians, and the aborigines frightened him 
somewhat. Stevens Point was then a primi- 
tive village, and pine trees stood in the pub- 
lic square. Gottlieb secured work with a 
farmer, Dewey Brown. 

In June, 1857, Mr. Kussmann was mar- 
ried, at Stevens Point, to Henriette Heiman, 
his sweetheart on the "Elizabeth." She 
was born in Germany June 25, 1834. Dur- 
ing the harvesting season he visited Green 
Lake Prairie, and in the fall returning to 
Stevens Point worked at his trade. With 
his brother he ran the river during the sum- 
mer of 1858, making four trips to Galena, 
111., Alton, 111., and Dubuque, Iowa. They 
had several narrow escapes from drowning. 
For twelve years Mr. Kussmann worked 
land he had rented, then, about 1870, he 
bought on credit 120 acres in Section 18, 
Stockton township, only ten acres of which 
had been broken, and it was destitute of 
buildings. Where his house now stands 
were large oak trees. Mr. Kussmann erect- 

ed buildings, and has ever since resided on 
this farm, adding to it until it now includes 
240 acres. To Mr. and Mrs. Kussmann were 
born the following children: Julius, a farmer 
of Lanark township; Anna, who married 
Frank Pollard, and died in Stockton town- 
ship; John, a farmer, of Stockton township; 
Samuel, at home; Fred, a grain buyer of 
Fall Creek, Eau Claire Co., Wis.; Lena, 
now Mrs. Rupert Ward, of Stockton town- 
ship; Ernest, at home. 

For two years after coming to America 
Mr. Kussmann was a Democrat. He has 
ever since been a Republican, and all his 
sons are Republicans. He has never sought 
office, but one year served as path master. 
Himself and family are members of the Lu- 
theran Church at Stevens Point. In the 
early days he hauled wheat with ox-teams to 
Berlin, a distance of sixty miles, and sold it 
for from 30 to 40 cents a bushel, and other 
pioneer experiences were on a par with this 
one. He is now one of the leading farmers 
of the township, and no family is more high- 
ly respected than his. 

JAMES O'CONNOR, deceased. While 
transmitting to posterity the memory 
of such men as was the subject of this 
sketch, it will instill into the minds of 
our children the important lessons that honor 
and station are the sure reward of continual 
exertion; and that, compared to indomitable 
will power, abundant experience, coupled 
with habits of honest industry and judicious 
economy, the greatest fortune would be but 
a poor inheritance. 

The subject of this memoir was a native 
of Wisconsin, born April 19, 1853, in Mar- 
quette county, to Edward and Bridget 
(O'Connor) O'Connor, the former of whom 
was born in Ireland, whence when a young 
man he emigrated to Canada, where he mar- 
ried, and where his four eldest children — 
Margaret, Catherine, Thomas and Timothy 
— were born, of whom Margaret and Cath- 
erine died when young; the other two chil- 
dren in the family — James and Charles — 
were born in \\^isconsin. Early in 1853 
the family came to the "Badger State," 
the father having been attracted hither by 



the bright promises held out for the then 
young State, and here, in Marquette county, 
near the county seat, they settled on a farm, 
which, by cultivation, they brought to a 
high state of perfection. Here the mother 
died in 1874, the father afterward passing 
away in Portage City, Wis. Thomas, their 
eldest son, was a soldier in the Union army, 
and died while in the service. 

James, the third son, and the subject 
proper of this sketch, was reared on his 
father's farm, and received his education at 
the district school of the neighborhood, re- 
maining at home until the death of his 
mother, when he moved to Lincoln county, 
locating in what was then known as the 
village of Jenny, now the bustling city of 
Merrill, and for several years worked in the 
lumber woods. He then formed a partner- 
ship with J. N. Cotter, under the firm name 
of Cotter & O'Connor, in the logging and 
lumbering and real-estate businesses, which 
continued until the spring of 1886, when the 
death of Mr. O'Connor, which occurred 
April 20, severed the partnership. He was 
reared in the Roman Catholic faith, and 
died in same. Politically he was a Demo- 
crat, but no office-seeker, simply quietly re- 
cording his vote at the polls according to the 
dictates of his conscience. 

On January i, 1884, Mr. O'Connor was 
united in marriage with Miss Prue Cotter, 
who was born in Franklin county, N. Y. , 
a daughter of John Cotter, and the result of 
this union is one child, Prue L. O'Connor, 
who is brightening the home of her widowed 
mother, in Merrill. As a representative self- 
made man Mr. O'Connor in his day had few 
equals, and he deserved the highest credit 
for the success he secured within the short 
twelve years of his experience in Lincoln 
county — from the time he came here with all 
his worldly effects contained in a small par- 
cel to the day death summoned him from 
his labors. 

C ROWEL W. WHITE, in his varied 
but successful career as farmer, lum- 
berman and merchant in the Upper 
Wisconsin Valley, has run almost 
the entire gamut of fortune from the pinch- 

ing poverty of the struggling pioneer, labor- 
ing without adequate tools, to the affluence 
which is the fruitage of his many years of 
intelligent and determined effort. He was 
born at Locke, Cayuga Co., N. Y., Novem- 
ber 27, 1 8 19, son of Joseph and Catherine 
(Moyer) White, both natives of the Empire 
State. Joseph was the son of John White, 
a farmer, and had nine children: Crowel 
W. ; Harriet, who died in Michigan; Phcebe, 
now Mrs. Deporter, of Michigan; Adonijah, 
a blacksmith and farmer, in New York; 
William, by trade a shoemaker, now living 
in Iowa; Emily, widow of William Kline, a 
jeweler; Achsah, who died at the age of 
sixteen years; John, by trade an engineer, 
living in Pennsylvania; and one child who 
died in infancy. 

As the eldest child of this family Crowel 
W. White was deprived of the opportunity 
for a good education. He attended school 
during winters until he was twelve years of 
age, and was then " buckled into the collar." 
His father owned fifty acres of poor land, 
and was engaged principally in lime burning 
rather than farming. Crowel helped his 
father until he was sixteen, then worked for 
E. Newman one summer for twelve dollars 
per month. He then hired out to the same 
man until he was twenty-one years old for 
his board and clothes, and for $100 and two 
suits of clothes, to be paid when the term of 
service expired His mother had died in 
1833, when Crowel was still at home. After 
his children had all left the homestead the 
father married a widow, Mrs. Towne, and 
died about 1870. 

Reaching his majority and receiving the 
promised stipend from Mr.- Newman, Mr. 
White drove team six months on railroad 
construction in Allegany county, N. Y. , then 
scored timber in Pennsylvania. In 1842 he 
went to Galena, 111., and mined for two 
years, then in 1844 moved to Grand Rapids, 
Wis. , and for several years followed saw- 
milling and lumbering. Here he was mar- 
ried, October 3, 1848, to Elizabeth P. 
Anthony, born in Oswego county, N. Y. , 
Novemljer 9, 1826, daughter of Abraham 
and Mary (Allen) Anthony, the former 
a native of New York, the latter of Massa- 
chusetts. Abraham Anthonv, who was a 



farmer, reared a family of four children: 
Sarah, Elizabeth, Allen and Mary, Eliza- 
beth, wife of Mr. White, being the only sur- 
vivor. In 1844 Abraham Anthony purchased 
and moved upon eighty acres of wild land in 
Dane county. Wis., which he engaged in 
clearing, but several years later moved to 
Grand Rapids, and there embarked in the 
lumber business. About 1853 he returned 
to Dane county, and in 1S58 sold his farm 
and came to Almond township. Portage 
county, where he and his wife lived with 
their daughter and son-in-law. Mr. An- 
thony was instantly killed by lightning, and 
his wife died nine days later, from the effects 
of the same shock. 

After his marriage Crowel W. White re- 
mained in Grand Rapids until the spring of 
1853, when he moved to Almond township. 
He purchased eighty acres of wild land in 
Section 7, now owned by Joseph Springer, 
and lived two months with a neighbor, until 
a log shanty, 12 x 12, could be built. They 
moved into this, and in turn gave shelter to 
another family, the two families numbering 
twelve people. In the fall a frame house 
was built, which still stands. Mr. White 
had brought with him a team of horses, but 
he was without farming implements, and the 
work of breaking the land proceeded slowly. 
It was only by the hard and toilsome efforts 
of both Mr. and Mrs. White, aided by their 
children, that they succeeded. After twelve 
years on the farm Mr. White returned to 
Grand Rapids, and for about seven years 
quite profitably conducted a meat market. 
He then engaged in the general merchandise 
trade for thrfee years, also very successfully. 
Returning to Almond township, where he 
then owned 160 acres, he built a store at 
Lone Pine, and engaged in general trading. 
Three years later he erected a commodious 
two-story residence 16x24, with two one- 
and-one-half-story Ls, each 16x24, sold his 
business, and moved to the farm. Again 
taking charge of the store, he sold it after- 
ward to Michael Curtis, whose widow now 
conducts it. Mr. White now owns an ex- 
cellent farm of 200 acres. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and has for three years been 
a member of the side board. Four children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. White: 

Alonzo A., born July 22, 1850, died at the 
age of sixteen years; S. Melissa, born July 
27, 1852, died aged five years; Emma A., 
born August 30, 1854, and Bert E., born 
March 27, 1868. The two j'ounger children 
have always remained at home, and have 
been of great assistance to their parents. 

JULIUS THIELMAN. Amongwell-to- 
do citizens of Merrill, Lincoln county, 
not the least worthy of special mention 
in the pages of this volume is the gen- 
tleman whose name here appears, who is a 
thoroughly representative, progressive Ger- 

He is a native of Wisconsin, born in 
Watertown, Jefferson county, September 20, 
i860, a son of Gottfried and Julia (Baum) 
Thielman, natives of Prussia, Germany, 
where the father was born, in 1829, and 
where they were married. They came to 
the United States in 1852, making their 
home in Watertown, Wis., where the fa- 
ther followed the business of contractor and 
builder, for many years also being employed 
on the Chicago, l^Iilwaukee & St. Paul rail- 
road. In 1888 he came to Merrill, Lincoln 
count}', where he and his wife are at present 
residing. To them were born eleven chil- 
dren, named respectively: Alvina, Louisa, 
Julius, Emil, Albert, Robert, Helen, Louis, 
Theodore, Amanda, and Mollie. Julius, 
the subject proper of this article, received 
his education at the common schools of 
Watertown, Wis., and at the age of four- 
teen commenced to learn the trade of butch- 
er. When eighteen years old, in 1S78, he 
started in the same line of business for him- 
self at Grand Rapids, Wis. , which he con- 
tinued until the spring of 1881, when he sold 
out there, and, coming to Merrill, opened out 
a first-class butchering establishment, the 
business of which has since so increased 
that now he has two leading markets in that 
city, besides one in the city of Tomahawk, 
in the same county; these are, it is unneces- 
sary to say, retail establishments, and in ad- 
dition he does a lucrative wholesale business. 
On April 20, 1879, at Grand Rapids, 
Wis., Mr. Thielman was married to Miss 
Minnie Plahmcr, a native of German\', 



whose parents, John and Carolina (Knutt) 
Plahmer, came with their nine children to 
America in 1870, settling at Grand Rapids, 
Wis., where the father followed farming 
pursuits. He is now living in the town of 
Grant, near Grand Rapids. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Thielman have been born three chil- 
dren: Amanda, Lillian, and William. In 
politics our subject is a strong Democrat, 
active at all times in the workings of the 
part}', and for three years he was chairman 
of the Democratic County Central Commit- 
tee; was mayor of Merrill one year; chair- 
man of the county board of supervisors, and 
alderman two terms. In July, 1893, he was 
appointed postmaster at Merrill, an office in 
which he gives unbounded satisfaction, and 
each and every one of these incumbencies 
he has filled with scrupulous integrity. For 
six 3ears he was secretary of the Central 
Manufacturing Co., which establishment 
burned in May, 1S94, and he is a director 
of the First National Bank of Merrill. In 
religious faith he and his wife are members 
of the Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Thielman is a typical self-made man, 
one whose only capital, when at the age of 
fourteen, he vaulted into the arena of busi- 
ness life, was naught save a level head, a 
stout heart and a willing pair of hands, and 
bearing for his motto the words: "Fort una 
fai-ct fort! bus. " He is now one of the lead- 
ing business men of Merrill, is a power in 
his party, and a leader in the development 
of all enterprises tending to the growth and 
prosperity of the city of his adoption — a 
typical Western man. Without ostenta- 
tion, either in their manner or style of life, 
he and his amiable life partner always main- 
tain a high social position, and are at all 
times in the enjoyment of the highest 
esteem and regard of the community in 
which they live. 

JOHN H. LIVINGSTON began life in 
the Upper Wisconsin Valley under the 
most unpropitious circumstances. The 
burdens of unusual responsibilities had 
been thrown upon his young shoulders. As a 
boy he helped to support his widowed mother 
and his younger brothers and sisters. When 

eighteen years of age he came to Wisconsin 
with his mother and her four younger chil- 
dren, supporting them by his daily labor. 
Four years later he entered forty acres of 
land in Almond township. Portage county, 
but was too poor to pay for an axe with 
which to clear the farm. But Mr. Living- 
ston has overcome all difficulties. He has 
successfully passed the trying ordeal of those 
stern, forbidding years, and is now one of Al- 
mond township's most prosperous farmers. 
His life has been one of struggle and triumph. 
Mr. Livingston was born in Chazy, Clin- 
ton Co., N. Y., July 3, 1832, son of Will- 
iam and Polly (Newman) Livingston. The 
grandfather of Polly Newman was a soldier 
in the Revolutionary war. William Liv- 
ingston was a blacksmith and a native of 
Milton, Vt., son of Rensselaer and Mary Liv- 
ingston. Rensselaer was also a blacksmith, 
and from him his son, William, learned 
his trade. After marriage William and Polly 
Livingston migrated from Vermont to Clin- 
ton county, N. Y. They had ten children: 
Harriet, deceased wife of Alexander Irwin, 
a merchant of Knowlton; Olive, deceased 
wife of Cludius McLaughlin, a farmer, of 
Oasis, Waushara county; Catherine, de- 
ceased wife of William Fellows, a mer- 
chant of Stevens Point; John H. ; Frederick, 
deceased; Marj', deceased wife of Silas S. 
Walsworth, a lumberman, of Stevens Point; 
Ardelia, now Mrs. Mott, of Oklahoma; Nor- 
man, deceased; and two who died in infancy. 
William Livingston died about 1845, when 
John H., the eldest son, was only thirteen 
years old. He had little opportunity for an 
education, and began work at 25 cents per 
day; but a little later secured a position in an 
hotel at $10 per month. Remaining there 
three years, he saved enough money to buy 
a small home and a cow for his mother. 
They remained there until 1850, when he 
concluded to bring his mother and her four 
younger children to Stevens Point. Here 
he rented a house and secured work at raft- 
ing at $1.50 per day, which seemed like a 
fortune. Remaining at Stevens Point four 
years, he in 1854 purchased forty acres in 
Almond township, buying a claim from one 
Robert Huston. It contained a small log 
house, 16 X 24, which stood just back of Mr. 


Livingston's present residence, and to this 
habitation he brought his mother's family. 
He had no team; he purchased an axe on 
credit, and began the work of clearing up 
the oak openings of his little farm. The 
first crop, a diversified one, consisting of 
wheat, corn, oats and potatoes, yielded well, 
and he was soon the happy possessor of an 
ox-team. He added gradually to his farm 
until it grew to 240 acres of well-cultivated 
land. Polly (Newman) Livingston, wife of 
William Livingston, died at Stevens Point 
in 1882. Our subject was married, March 
3. 1869, to Laura M. Hinkley, born in Con- 
necticut January 13, 1842, daughter of 
Lucius and Laura (Waterman) Hinkley. 

Mrs. Laura M. (Hinkley) Livingston is a 
lineal descendant of Samuel Hinkley, who 
was the ancestor of all of the name in Ameri- 
ca, coming in the spring of 1635 to New 
England, with his wife Sarah, and four chil- 
dren, the voyage from the mother country 
being made in the ship, " Hercules," Capt. 
John Witherly. They landed at Boston, and 
settled at Scituate, a town situated about 
thirty miles from Boston, but within the 
boundaries of the old Plymouth Colony. In 
1639 he removed with all his family and ef- 
fects to Barnstable, on Cape Cod, being one 
of the first settlers of that town. His first 
wife (Sarah) died in Barnstable, August 18, 
1656, and December 15, 1657, he married 
Mrs. Bridget Bodfish, widow of Robert Bod- 
fish, of Sandwich. Samuel Hinkley died in 
Barnstable October 31, 1662, leaving a large 
landed estate. The homestead remained in 
the possession of the family until the com- 
mencement of the present century, the last 
occupant being Squire Isaac Hinkley. 

Thomas Hinkley, eldest in the family of 
eleven children of Samuel Hinkley (all by 
his first wife Sarah), was born in England, 
in 161 8, and came with his father to New 
England. He was twice married, first time 
December 4, 1640, to Mary Richards, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Welthean (Loring) Rich- 
ards, of Weymouth, Mass. She died De- 
cember 4, 1659, and for his second wife 
Thomas Hinkley was married March 16, 
1660, to Mrs. Mary (Smith) Glover, widow 
of Nathaniel Glover, of Dorchester, Mass. 
She was born at Toxteth Park, Lancashire, 

England, July 20, 1630, and died at Barns- 
table, Mass., July 29, 1703. Thomas Hink- 
ley died at Barnstable April 25, 1705, aged 
eighty-seven years. He was a lawyer by 
profession, and one of the most prominent 
and influential men of his day, having been 
a deputy magistrate, governor's assistant, 
commissioner of the confederated colonies of 
New England, and governor of Plymouth 
Colony. He had seventeen children in all 
— eight by his first wife, and nine by his 

Samuel Hinkley, son of the above and 
his first wife (and fifth in the order of birth), 
was born at Barnstable, Mass., February 14, 
1652, and died at Barnstable (Great Marsh- 
es) March 19, 1687. He was married No- 
vember 13, 1676, to Sarah Pope, of Sand- 
wich, Mass., daughter of John Pope, and 
they had a family of ten children. She sur- 
vived her husband, and married again, after 
which the family of children removed to 
Harwich, a town situated about twelve miles 
from Barnstable, lower down toward the ex- 
tremity of the Cape. 

Thomas Hinkley, third child of Samuel 
and Sarah (Pope) Hinkley, was born at 
Barnstable March 19, 1681, removed to Har- 
wich, as above related, and was there mar- 
ried to Mercy . [The family history is 

here incomplete.] Thomas appears to have 
died young, probably in 17 10, as administra- 
tion on his estate was granted to his widow 
October 11, 17 10. 

Thomas Hinkley, second child of Thom- 
as and Mercy Hinkley, was born at Harwich, 
Mass., March 11, 1708-09, and was a 
blacksmith by trade. He was thrice mar- 
ried: first time March 31, 1730, to Ruth My- 
rick, of Harwich; second wife was Lydia 
Nickerson, of Chatham, married March 17, 
1765; third wife was Hannah Severance, of 
Harwich. [The family record is again in- 

Seth Hinkley, eldest child of Thomas 
and Ruth (Myrick) Hinkley, was born at 
Harwich, Mass., September 2, 1730, and died 
at Hardwick, Worcester Co., Mass., April 
21, 1797. He was married in Harwich Feb- 
ruary 2, 1755, to Sarah Berry, daughter of 
Judah Berry, and who died in Hardwick 
Aprils, 1 81 3, aged eighty-one years. They 


appear to have removed to Hardwick soon 
after marriage, as the births of all of their 
eight children are recorded here. [They 
were the great-grandparents of Lucius Hink- 

Scottoway Hinkley, seventh child of the 
eight children of Seth and Sarah (Berry) 
Hinkley, was born at Hardwick, Mass., 
April lo, 1 77 1, settled in Vernon, Conn., 
and there married Eunice Kellogg, who was 
born November 15, 1773, daughter of Rev. 
Ebenezer and Hannah (Wright) Kellogg. 
He died in Vernon, in August, 1849; his 
wife passed away in November, 1823. He 
was a physician, and a very large man, weigh- 
ing, it is said, 300 pounds. They had six 

Lucius Hinkley, eldest of the six chil- 
dren born to Dr. Scottoway and Eunice 
(Kellogg) Hinkley, was born in Vernon, 
Conn., September 6, 1799, married at Bol- 
ton, Conn., November 9, 1830, to Miss 
Laura (Waterman), born at the same place 
in February, 1805, daughter of Charles and 
Anna Waterman. Lucius Hinkley was a 
manufacturer of woolen goods, merchant 
and farmer. He removed from Connecticut 
to Troy, N. Y. , about 1842, and became a 
grocer. Ten years later he came to Wau- 
pun. Wis., and in 1855 to Pine Grove 
township. Portage county, where he pre- 
empted a farm of 160 acres and erected a 
one-story log house, I4.\ 24, into which he 
moved with his family. The parents in 
1 872 removed from Pine Grove township 
to Marcus, Iowa, where Mr. Hinkley died, 
April 23 1883; his wife, November 16, 
1893. They had six children, their names 
and dates of birth being as follows: Jane 
Gray, December 2, 1831; Lucius Dwight, 
November 8, 1834; Julian Wisner, March 
12, 1838; Laura Maria, January 13, 1842; 
Mary Amelia, February 14, 1844; and 
Myron Edward, February 15, 1846. Of 
these, Jane G. is married to William H. 
Wilson, and resides in Milwaukee; Lucius 
D. is a dealer in pumps and windmills at 
Waupun; Julian W. is a contractor and 
builder, of Minneapolis, Minn. ; Laura M. 
is the wife of John H. Livingston; Mary A. 
died in 1894; and Myron E. is a nursery- 
man at Marcus, Iowa. 

The children born to John H. and Laura 
M. Livingston are Stacia, born April 16, 
1870, a student at Oshkosh; Olive, born 
December 2, i87[, a school teacher at 
Plainfield; Zella, born December 27, 1876, 
a student at Oshkosh; Ralph Allen, born 
March 26, 1885. In politics Mr. Living- 
ston is a stanch Republican. He has been 
a member of the side board, and for twenty- 
two years has been school treasurer. He 
is now vice-president of the Stockton In- 
surance Company. 

of the early pioneers of Wisconsin 
are the descendants of pioneers. 
From the New England and other 
Eastern States the more active and enter- 
prising element of society migrated to the 
outposts of civilization, and by successive 
waves of migration extended farther and 
farther westward. It was so with the Rog- 
ers family. It settled originally in Vermont. 
Then many years ago its representatives 
sought Western homes in Oneida county, 
N. Y. Another movement brought the 
family to the wilderness of Wisconsin, in 
Almond township, Portage county. 

Our subject was born in Vernon, Oneida 
Co., N. Y., August 4, 1844, son of Orim 
and Velinda (Wood) Rogers. Orim Rogers 
was a native of Vermont, and in his earlier 
years had moved to New York, where he en- 
gaged successfully in farming and dairying. 
He had four children: Caroline, now Mrs. 
Albert Wood, of Almond township; George, 
also of Almond township; Sarah, wife of 
Edwin Forsyth, a carpenter, of New York; 
and Adelbert D. Sarah, at the age of sev- 
enteen years, had married Mr. Forsyth. 
The other children were still at home in 
1855, when the parents sold their New 
York property and came to Almond town- 
ship, Portage Co., Wis. Here Orim Rog- 
ers purchased eighty acres of government 
land in Section 18, paying $1.25 per acre 
for it; it was wild land, innocent of any im- 
provement whatever. For a time the family 
lived with Albert Wood, but in the spring 
of 1856 they built a frame house, 16x24, 
in which they lived about twelve years. 


Mr. Rogers had purchased a yoke of oxen 
in the southern part of Wisconsin, and drove 
through to the new home. The work of 
breaking the land began, but progressed slow- 
ly at first. The mother at one time received 
some money from the settlement of her broth- 
er's estate, and contributed the amount to the 
general welfare of the family. Mr. Rogers 
added forty acres to his original purchase, 
and remained on this homestead of I20 acres 
until his death. May 28, 1892, he dying at 
the age of eighty-two years; his wife died 
February 22, 1870, at the age of sixty-three 

Adelbert D. Rogers received only a 
common-school education. He was ten 
years of age when he came with his parents 
to Wisconsin, and he has ever since remain- 
ed on the home farm, assisting in breaking 
the land and taking charge' of the farm 
since the death of his mother. He has 
added eighty acres to the land, which is 
now a well-improved farm of 196 acres. 
Mr. Rogers was married December 19, 1869, 
to Eliza Monday, the eldest child of Ed- 
ward and Emma Monday, of Almond 
township. To Mr. and Mrs. Rogers two 
children have been born: Reuben S., now at 
home, and Lyman, who died at the age of 
ten years. Politically Mr. Rogers is a Re- 
publican. He is a thorough and successful 
farmer, and highly respected by all who 
know him. 



now conducts a large and excel- 
lent farm in Almond township, 
Portage county, is the worthy 
representative of an early and influential 
pioneer family of this locality. 

She was born in Freemansburg, Penn., 
August 27, 1839, daughter of Jeremiah and 
Caroline (Merrill) Roseberry. Jeremiah 
Roseberry was born in Warren county, N. 
J., August 15, 1812, son of Michael and 
Margaret fMackey) Roseberry. Caroline 
Merrill, a native of Pennsylvania, was the 
daughter of Otis and Susanna (Ravenau) 
Merrill. To Jeremiah and Caroline Rose- 
berry were born eleven children, as follows: 
Freelove E., who died at the age of sixteen 

years; Arabella, subject of this sketch; Anna 
M., now Mrs. Leman Pratt, of Minnesota; 
Charles O., who died in Andersonville prison 
during the Civil war; Robert I., a farmer of 
Pine Grove township; George A., deceased; 
Laura J., now Mrs. William Beggs, of Plain- 
field; William M., deceased; John A., de- 
ceased; Lillie M., deceased; Harriet, now 
Mrs. Everett Beggs, living on the old Rose- 
berry homestead in Pine Grove township. 
Jeremiah Roseberry was a physician, practic- 
ing at Alexandria, Va. , in 1854. Ill health 
induced him to abandon his profession, and 
to seek renewed strength in the great piner- 
ies of the Northwest. Accordingly in that 
year he migrated with his family to Wiscon- 
sin, and took up a farm in Pine Grove town- 
ship. Portage county, of 1 50 acres mostly 
covered with oak openings. Dr. Roseberry 
remained a resident of the farm until his 
death, December 3, 1888, at the age seventy- 
six years. He bore a high reputation for 
honesty and fair dealing, and was a success- 
ful and influential citizen of the new coun- 
try, respected and esteemed by all who 
knew him. 

Arabella Roseberry was fifteen years of 
age when she came with her parents to Wis- 
consin. She had meager opportunities for 
a finished education, yet from her native in- 
telligence, and from her association with her 
father, who was a cultured man, she fared 
much better by way of education than many 
others whose lot was cast in the pioneer 
land. She was married to James Beggs, 
and with him began housekeeping on his 
farm in Pine Grove township. In 1864 
James Beggs enlisted in Company F, Fifth 
Wis. V. I. , and was mustered into the service 
at Madison; his brother Albert was in the 
same regiment. The regiment was pushed 
right to the front, and at Petersburg Al- 
bert was killed by a Rebel bullet. James 
Beggs served in Virginia until the surrender 
of Lee's army, the crowning victory of 
Northern arms, which was witnessed by Mr. 
Beggs. After his return from the army he 
bought 140 acres of land in Almond town- 
ship. Portage county, which is a portion of 
the farm now occupied by Mrs. Beggs. He 
removed there with his wife, and engaged in 
practical farming, adding to his possessions 



until at the time of his death, January 3, 
1890, they had reached 200 acres. The 
death of Mr. Beggs was hastened by in- 
juries which he had received in the army. 
It was a severe blow to the bereaved wife 
and family. In politics Mr. Beggs was a 
Democrat. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Beggs are Charles A., a bookkeeper of Plain- 
field; Harmon H., of Almond township; and 
Frank R. The latter was married February 
22, 1892, to Miss Maggie Gould, who was 
born in Canada, near Ontario, December 
29, 1 87 1 , daughter of Robert and Jane (Liv- 
ingston) Gould, whose eight children are 
John, Lizzie, Jane, Maggie, William, Margie, 
Mary and Lottie. At the time of her mar- 
riage Maggie Gould was a school teacher. 
Frank R. and Maggie Beggs have one child, 


member of the widely-known firm 
of H. & J. D. Curran, the popu- 
lar and genial proprietors of the 
"Curran House," Stevens Point, Portage 
county, is a native of the State of Illinois, 
born in Winnebago county, near Mt. Carroll, 
January i, 1841. 

The grandfather of our subject, also 
named Henry, who was a man of no small 
degree of prominence, descended from a dis- 
tinguished family in Ireland, and was a well- 
to-do agriculturist in that country, owning 
eighty acres of land, besides renting other 
farmsteads. He came to this country with 
his family, and died at the home of his son 
John, at Plover, Portage Co., Wis., in 1849, 
at a very advanced age; his wife had prece- 
ded him to the grave in Ireland. John Cur- 
ran, the son just referred to, was born 
in County Carlow, Ireland, and came to the 
United States in 1830, locating in Illinois, 
near Mt. Carroll. At Galena, in that State, 
he married Miss Mary Ann Code, a native of 
Missouri, and they had four children. The 
father came to Plover, Wis., in 1847, be- 
coming an Indian trader in the Wisconsin 
Valle)', and in Plover he opened a general 
supply store which he operated until a short 
time before his death, which occurred No- 

vember 2, 1852, caused by neuralgia of the 
heart. His widow died in June, 1S56, and 
they as well as his father, sleep their last 
sleep in the Plover burying ground. They 
were all members of the Roman Catholic 
Church, and all died in that faith. 

The subject proper of this memoir re- 
ceived a fair!}' liberal education at the com- 
mon schools of Plover, Wis. , and at the 
early age of twelve years commenced to 
"hustle" for himself. When fourteen he 
began lumbering, part of his duties being 
the running of lumber down the Wisconsin 
river as far as St. Louis, Mo. ; and he so 
continued until the breaking out of the war 
of the Rebellion when he enlisted May 10, 
1 86 1, at Madison, Wis., in company E (a 
Jeffersonville company). Fifth Wis. V. I., 
which soon afterward was sent to the front, 
the first active hostilities our subject partici- 
pated in being at Centerville, Va. , in a skir- 
mish with the enemy. He served until July, 
1864, his term of enlistment then expiring. 
Veteranizing, he re-enlisted September 30, 
1864, becoming sergeant-major of the re- 
organized Fifth Wis. V. I., in December, 

1864, in which he was promoted to second 
lieutenant of Company A; in February, 

1865, he was further promoted to captain 
of Company G, and, finally, after the battles 
of Petersburg and Sailors Creek, "for gal- 
lant and meritorious conduct," he was bre- 
vetted major. He served faithfully and 
well to the close of the war, being mustered 
out in June, 1865. Major Curran partici- 
pated in all the battles of the army of the 
Potomac (except that of first Bull Run) up 
to May 5, 1864, the day he was wounded 
at the battle of the Wilderness, a minie 
ball striking him in the left leg below the 
knee, which laid him up till the middle of 
the following July; he was also injured in 
the same battle, on the stomach, by a bullet 
striking the brass plate of his belt with ter- 
rific force, causing a severe and painful con- 
tusion; afterward, from November, 1864, to 
the close of the campaign, he participated 
in all the battles fought by the army of the 
Potomac. The brevet commission was giv- 
en to our subject for the following acts of 
bravery: at Petersburg the conunand led by 
him was the first to yntcr the enemy's 



works at the storming of the place; at 
Sailors Creek, Capt. Curran and his com- 
mand were in charge of the skirmish line on 
the enemy's left, when, just toward the 
close of the battle. Gen. Ewell, of the Con- 
federate service, and staff raised a white 
flag as a signal of truce. Thereupon Capt. 
Curran detailed Sergt. Cameron of Com- 
pany A to meet Gen. Ewell and see what 
he wanted; the sergeant did so, and returned 
with Ewell and his entire staff who desired 
to surrender, and were accordingly sent to 
the rear to report to Gen. Wright or to Gen. 
Sheridan, and soon afterward Ewell surrend- 
ered with his army of 7,000 men (this was 
April 6, 1865, three days before Gen. Lee's 
surrender) ; after this engagement had been in 
progress some time, Col. T. S. Allen, com- 
manding the Fifth Wis. V. I., asked Capt. 
Curran if he would not charge the enemy's 
skirmish line, and drive them in or capture 
them, to which the Captain responded that he 
" would try," so, taking Companies G andA, 
he advanced on the Rebels in skirmishing or- 
der, drove in the picket line and took many 
prisoners. The Major participated in the 
Grand Review held at Washington in 1865. 

On returning to civil life Major Curran 
resumed citizenship in Portage county, first 
in the capacity of manager of " Phelps' 
Hotel, " Stevens Point, so continuing until 
December 2, 1866, when he bought the 
hotel he has since successfully conducted in 
partnership with J. D. Curran. On October 
II, 1866, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Addie Walker, daughter of James 
Walker, and three children were born to 
them as follows: John D., a graduate of 
Stevens Point High School, also of St. John's 
Military Academy at Delafield, Wis., and 
was a teacher in that institution for two 
years (he is now attending Wisconsin State 
University); Florence Gratia and Henry, Jr., 
both at home; they have also an adopted 
son, Russell W. Walker, whom they reared 
as their own from the age of two years, is 
now a resident of Astoria, Oreg. , and is 
studying law. 

Major Curran is a Republican, filled the 
position of alderman at Stevens Point some 
fifteen years, and is looked upon as one of 
the most substantial men of the place. 

standing high in the community, has always 
been active in politics and influential in the 
affairs of his party. 

HERMAN FELKER, one of the 
progressive young farmers of Al- 
mond township. Portage county, 
lives on the farm from which the 
present village of Almond was carved, and 
which was settled by his father, Isaiah 
Felker, over forty years ago. The land 
was partly timbered by oak, and parti}' 
prairie, and hence was easily cleared. Mr. 
Felker has one of the two stump machines 
that are owned in that part of Portage 
county, and it has helped greatly in prepar- 
ing the land for cultivation. Of the orig- 
inal 240 acres which the father possessed, 
Herman now owns and cultivates 120 acres. 
Isaiah Felker, the father, was born in 
Stratford, Stratford Co., N. H., in 1820. 
He was well-educated, and in his younger 
days was a school superintendent near Bos- 
ton, Mass. He came west to Wisconsin 
about 1854, and purchased a farm in Al- 
mond township, and also a half-interest in 
a hotel where the village of Almond now 
stands. In 1857 he was married to Chris- 
tina Ferber, who was born in Baden, Ger- 
man}', daughter of John P. and Barbara 
(Buerkle) Ferber, the eldest of whose five 
children is Barbara, now Mrs. Michael 
Milure, of Almond township; the second, 
Elizabeth, is Mrs. D. Shafer, of Almond; 
the third is Mrs. Felker; the fourth, Mary, 
now Mrs. George Tysan; the fifth, Mar- 
garet, now Mrs. Albert Young, of Almond. 
In the fall of 1846 John and Barbara Fer- 
ber emigrated to America, were eight weeks 
in crossing the ocean, and came direct to 
Racine, Wis. Mr. Ferber bought 160 
acres of partially-improved land ten miles 
from Racine, and lived there until 1854, 
when he came to Almond township. Portage 
county. Here Mr. Ferber bought 260 
acres of land, where Albert Young now 
lives. It was mostly prairie land, and con- 
tained a small building. The parents occu- 
pied and improved this farm until their 
death, many years later. After their mar- 
riage Isaiah and Christina Felker engaged 



in farming and conducting the hotel at Al- 
mond until the death of Mr. Felker, Nov. 24, 
1874. He had four children, Anna Rosetta, 
now Mrs. William Walker; Herman, who 
now owns the old homestead; and twins who 
died in infancy. Politically, Isaiah Felker 
was a Republican, and for many years he 
was postmaster at Almond. The widow, 
Mrs. Felker, now lives at Stevens Point. 

Herman Felker was born in Almond 
township July 6, 1862. He was educated 
in the common schools, and when quite 
young assisted in clearing the land. He 
was only twelve years old when his father 
died, and at that early age he took his place 
at the head of his mother's household. Mr. 
Felker has ever since engaged in farming, 
and now plants about twelve acres of pota- 
toes. On March 27, 18S9, he was married 
to Carrie J. McCrossen, born in Waupaca 
county, daughter of John and Rachel 
(McDougle) McCrossen, both natives of 
Maine, and of Scotch-Irish extraction. 
John McCrossen was a successful farmer 
and lumberman, and about 1856 emigrated 
with his family to Waupaca county, where 
he purchased and opened up a farm. The 
parents now live in Waupaca, at the ages 
of seventy-three and sixty-nine years re- 
spectively. The children of John and 
Rachel McCrossen were Mary, now wife of 
W. Chady, a merchant in Waupaca; Will- 
iam, who died at the age of twelve years; 
and Carrie J., wife of Mr. Felker. Mr. 
Felker is in politics a Republican, and is 
well and favorably known throughout the 
southern portion of Portage county as one 
of the most enterprising and influential citi- 

LD. SCOTT is one of the foremost 
citizens of Belmont township. Port- 
age county — foremost in enterprise, 
foremost in enlightened opinion, fore- 
most in public spirit. He is a self-made 
man, and one of the pioneers of the Upper 
Wisconsin Valley. 

Born in Tioga county, Penn., August 2, 
1 83 1, he is a son of Luke and Julia 
(Seeley) Scott, the former of whom, who 
was a farmer, died in 1836, leaving a 

widow and a large family of chil- 
dren, as follows: Lucretia, Levi, Julius, 
Charlotte, Abigail, James, Charles, Julia, 
Phoebe, L. D. and Hester A. The oldest 
brother took charge of the farm, and the 
family remained together. The mother died 
in Tioga county, Penn., October 17, 1858, 
aged 64 years, 8 months, 22 days. L. D. 
Scott, who was the youngest son, remained on 
the home farm, attending the district schools 
and assisting in the farm work until he was 
twenty-one or twenty-two years of age, 
when he went into the lumber woods. In 
the fall of 1855 he came to Oshkosh, Wis., 
traveling by rail to Sheboygan, and thence 
by stage to his destination. In the winter 
he worked in the woods, and during the en- 
suing summer he was employed in a sawmill 
at Oshkosh; then, in the fall of 1856, he 
came to Portage county, and worked in the 
pinery on the Big Plover, running the river 
the following summer. He bought land in 
Springwater township, Waushara county, 
but never occupied it. For several years 
longer he followed lumbering, then in the 
fall of 1 86 1 he purchased eighty acres oi 
poorly-improved land in Section 8, Belmont 

Mr. Scott was married, March 29, 1862, 
in Oconomowoc, Wis., to Susan E. Dopp, 
who was born in Oneida county, N. Y., May 
16, 1832, daughter of John W. and Cather- 
ine (Miller) Dopp. Mrs. Scott migrated to 
Waukesha county. Wis., May, 1846, with her 
parents, coming via the Erie canal to Buf- 
falo, thence by lake to Milwaukee, and 
thence to Waukesha county. She was the 
youngest of six children, and before she was 
eighteen she began teaching school. She 
taught eighteen or twenty terms, and it is 
an evidence of her ability that she received 
unusually high wages for those times. Her 
first term was for fourteen shillings per 
week, extraordinary wages then, and in 
later years she received as high as twenty 
dollars per month, .\fter his marriage Mr. 
Scott lived for about six months on his 
eighty-acre tract, then in the fall of 1862 he 
moved to his present farm, where he has 
lived ever since, engaged in farming. He 
now owns 200 acres of land, highly im- 
proved, it being one of the excellent farms 



of the township. Two children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Scott: Mattie A., 
September 12, 1866 (now Mrs. John H. 
Johnson, of Blaine, Wis.), and Bertha E., 
December 12, 1871 (now Mrs. Frank Casey, 
and living with her parents). On October 
4, 1864, L. D. Scott left home to join the 
army, was discharged from Jeffersonville 
Hospital, and reached home Julj' 22, 1865. 
In 1893 and 1894 Mr. Scott was engaged 
in mercantile pursuits at Blaine. In politics 
he is a Republican, and voted for John C. 
Fremont in 1856. He has held various 
local offices, including those of town chair- 
man, supervisor and treasurer of District 
No. 6; has been an active advocate of Re- 
publican principles in Belmont township, 
and from his influential position has been 
one of the chief advisors of his party in 
his section. For fifteen years, from Sep- 
tember 4, 1878, to December 25, 1893, he 
was postmaster at Blaine, conducting the 
office in his house. Successful in business, 
always active in public matters, well-in- 
formed and happy in his domestic relations, 
Mr. Scott is most highly esteemed by a 
large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

AUGUST H. STANCE, president and 
manager of the A. H. Stange Co., 
Merrill, and whose enterprise, en- 
ergy and business tact and public- 
spiritedness have done so much toward 
the building up of the city of his adop- 
tion since he came to it, is by birth a 
German, having been born near the city of , 
Berlin October 10, 1853. 

Charles F. Stange, his father, also a na- 
tive of Germany, born in 1820, was married 
in the Fatherland to Miss Caroline Boetcher, 
of the same nativit}', the date of her birth 
being February 6, 1826. In Germany three 
children — Caroline, August H. and Charles 
— were born to them, and in 1856 the fam- 
ily came to America, settling in Watertown, 
Jefferson Co., Wis., where six more chil- 
dren were born — Ida, Augusta, Anna and 
Emma, living, and two that died in infancy. 
The father was called from earth in 1886, 

while a resident of Merrill, Lincoln Co., 
Wis., having been an invalid for eleven 
years; the mother is yet living. 

The subject proper of these lines se- 
cured but a limited education, as on account 
of his father's ill-health he had early to 
commence work in order to aid in the sup- 
port of the family. To the astonishingly 
rapid development of lumber manufactures 
in Wisconsin during the past quarter of a 
century Mr. Stange has conspicuously and 
effectually contributed, and he entered the 
arena of business with a vigor and energ}' 
which has never flagged. At the age of 
thirteen we find him in a sash, door and 
blind factory, giving all his earnings to his 
parents, which, in fact, he did until he was 
married. When eighteen years old he went 
to Racine, Wis. , to accept the position of 
foreman in a sash and door factory, where 
he remained eleven years, or until com- 
ing to Merrill in the sprmg of 1882, in 
company with H. W. Wright, working for 
him on salary until the organization of the 
H. W. Wright Lumber Co. , of which he be- 
came a member. After two years, however, 
he sold his interest, and in partnership with 
Mr. Mihill, bought the present plant consist- 
ing of sawmill, sash, door and blind factory, 
which he has vastly increased and improved, 
employment being now given to an average 
of 350 hands. Within one year Mr. Stange 
bought out his partner's interest, and the 
business was conducted in Mr. Stange's own 
name until January, 1895, when it was or- 
ganized into a stock company, know as the 
A. H. Stange Co., of which he is president, 
a part of the stock being distributed among 
his trusted employes, Mr. Stange owning the 
controlling interests. When he bought his 
present plant, it was far from new, and con- 
siderably run down; but his energy and busi- 
ness ability soon built it up to its present 
standard of efficiency, and to-day the con- 
cern stands at the head of all similar indus- 
tries in Northern Wisconsin. Mr. Stange 
enjoys the unqualified esteem and respect 
of his employes, for reasons, chief among 
which, probably, is his thorough personal 
knowledge of the business in every detail, 
there not being a single machine in all the 
extensive plant that he can not operate him- 




self — well-establishing his claim to be recog- 
nized as a master of every department of 
the industry. 

In February, 1874, at Racine, Wis., Mr. 
Stange was married to Miss Emily Miller, a 
native of that city, and daughter of William 
and Hattie Miller, Germans by birth. Six 
children have been born to this union, named 
respectively: Hattie, Charles, Adaly, Au- 
gust, Emily and Lydia. In religious faith the 
entire familj' are identified with the Lutheran 
Church, while, socially, they are held in the 
highest esteem by the community. 

Mr. Stange's business interests will not 
permit of his taking much, if an}', active 
part in politics; but his popularity is such 
that he has, even in a measure against his 
inclination, been placed in public offices of 
trust and honor. For six years — or in fact 
until he positively declined to act longer — he 
served the city of Merrill as alderman, and 
in the spring of 1895, although a Demo- 
crat, he was offered the nomination for 
mayor of his adopted city by the best rep- 
resentatives of the Republican party of 
Merrill. We have said he does not take 
active part in politics, but he is looked upon 
as such an able adviser that he is repeatedly 
waited on and consulted on political ques- 
tions of moment. One of his business capa- 
city, administrative ability and unblemished 
integrity is certain to be sought after to fill 
positions where experience and sound judg- 
ment are essential, and to-day Mr. Stange 
is vice-president of the First National Bank, 
as well as one of the directors of the Na- 
tional Bank of Merrill. He takes great inter- 
est in the welfare and advancement of the 
city. Liberal in his views, and charitable 
almost to a fault, yet quiet and unostenta- 
tious, as becomes a man of modest mien, he 
has ever been a powerful supporter of any 
philanthropic or similar cause to which he 
could conscientiously give his sanction. 

JOHN S. COWAN, who is one of the 
most enterprising farmers of Alinond 
township. Portage county, has thor- 
oughly experienced in his career as a 
pioneer the vicissitudes antl hardships which 

are inseparable from life on the outskirts of 
civilization, and has lived to witness the won- 
derful development of the Upper Wisconsin 

He was born in Oshkosh, April iS, 1S49, 
son of James and Mary (West) Cowan, na- 
tives of County Armagh, Ireland, who in 
1828 emigrated to America. From Mon- 
treal they went to Genesee, N. Y. , whence 
Mr. Cowan moved to Rochester, N. Y. , and 
afterward to Erie, Penn., where he was en- 
gaged on the Erie canal. He then went 
to W^arren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, where he 
bought a small unimproved farm, and began 
to clear it. In 1846 he pre-empted and oc- 
cupied 1 20 acres of land in Algoma township, 
Winnebago county, near Oshkosh. That 
city then consisted of one store and one 
blacksmith shop. Settlers were few, and 
wild beasts abounded in the unbroken for- 
ests. Mr. Cowan came from Ohio in com- 
pany with Noah and Clark Miles. He be- 
gan life in Wisconsin without a team, but 
prospered and remained on the homestead- 
in Algoma township until his death, April 
14, 1882, the wife surviving him until Octo- 
ber 27, 1889. Their children were Jane, 
now Mrs. D. B. Frost ; Margaret (deceased) ; 
David ; William (also deceased); Sarah ; 
Mary Ellen ; Martha ; William, now with 
his brother John ; Jefferson ; John S., the 
subject of this sketch ; and West, who oc- 
cupies the old homestead in Winnebago 

In his boyhood John S. Cowan attended 
the public schools, also the city high school, 
and graduated from the business college at 
Oshkosh. In 1870 he left his father's home 
and came to Almond township. Portage 
county, where for three years he was in the 
employof hissister,who was then a widow. In 
1873 he went to Lincoln county, S. Dak., 
and homesteaded a farm of 160 acres, con- 
sisting of prairie land. He remained here, 
engaged in wheat growing, until December 
I, 1876. Mr. Cowan was married March 
16, 1876, to Etta Frost, daughter of Locke 
and Maria J. (Frost) Frost, who emigrated 
to Wisconsin from Arlington, Mass. Taking 
his bride to the Dakota home Mr. Cowan re- 
mained there until the following winter, when, 
I his wife being homesick and not liking the 



new country, they decided to return to Wis- 
consin. Starting in December they made 
the entire journey in an emigrant wagon, 
using sled runners when the snow permitted, 
and were seventeen days in reaching Ahnond 
township, Portage county. Until the fol- 
lowing spring Mr. and Mrs. Cowan remained 
with her parents, then purchased from Mr. 
Frost a farm of 120 acres in Sections 22 
and 27, Almond township. About forty 
acres were cleared and in good farming con- 
dition. Mr. Cowan constructed a frame 
house, 16 X 24, which is now a portion of 
their residence. Here they started anew in 
life. The team with which they drove 
through from Dakota, they lost, and the 
only stock they had on the new farm was a 
colt given them by his father. Plainfield, 
the nearest market, was eight miles distant. 
The work of clearing proceeded slowly but 
surely, and to-day Mr. Cowan has his whole 
farm under cultivation. In 1884 he pur- 
chased seventy acres of additional land, cov- 
ered with hardwood timber, and easy to clear. 
In 1885 he made a one-and-a-half-story ad- 
dition, i8.\ 26, to his house. He built a sub- 
stantial barn, 24 x 36, and each year has wit- 
nessed new improvements. Mr. and Mrs. 
Cowan have two children: Wayne F., born 
January 15, 1879, and Etta Irene, born 
July 14, 1881, both at home, and attending 
school. The son is at this writing prepar- 
ing to enter the Normal school at Stevens 
Point, in 1895. Mr. and Mrs. Cowan are 
Spiritualists, and in politics he is a Repub- 
lican. He was town clerk four yeai's, and 
has served as assessor two terms. He was 
appointed chairman in 1893 to fill a va- 
cancy, and in the following year was elected 
to that office. He is now serving his sec- 
ond year as school district clerk. Mr. 
Cowan is one of the prominent citizens of 
Almond township, and one of its most in- 
fluential farmers. 

was no more progressive, well-known 
or more highly-esteemed citizen in 
Wood county than the gentleman 
whose name introduces this memoir — a man 
of but few words, quiet and undemonstra- 

tive, but of great force of character, and a 
credit to the profession to which he devoted 
his life. 

Mr. Powers was born May 9, 1828, in 
Marshfield, Vt., and was a son of Parsons 
and Susan (Cooper) Powers. He was edu- 
cated in his native town, and his early years 
were passed upon his father's farm; but at 
the age of sixteen he began teaching school, 
at the same time spending his leisure hours 
in the study of law. He began reading for 
the legal profession with a Mr. Wilkinson, 
and afterward continued his studies with 
Judge Poland, of Vermont. Coming west 
in 1 849, he spent one year in southern Wis- 
consin, and then after two years' residence 
in Sauk City came, in 1852, to Grand 
Rapids. During his early residence here he 
was engaged in various lines of business; but 
after a time he entered upon the practice of 
his chosen profession, and was soon in the 
foremost ranks of the legal fraternity, being 
considered one of the best counsellors in this 
section of the State. He was fitted for 
leadership, being a broad-minded man, pos- 
sessed of keen discernment and progressive 
views. In politics he was a stalwart Demo- 
crat, and when Wood county was organized 
he was elected clerk of the board of super- 
visors, holding that office for several terms. 
He served in the State Legislature of Wis- 
consin in 1863, and was the vice-president 
of the Wisconsin Valley Railroad Company, 
in the organization of which corporation he 
was an active and efficient mover, while up 
to the time of his death he served as its at- 

Mr. Powers was possessed of a marvel- 
ous memory, and it was generally conceded 
that he had few rivals in his knowledge of 
law records, and also the history of Wood 
county and the State from the time of his 
residence within its borders. New settlers 
learned to look to and rely upon him for 
suggestions, aid and counsel in almost every- 
thing that pertained to their interests, and 
especially so in legal matters, until his fame 
became known throughout his adopted State 
and even beyond its limits, while his friends 
were legion. In his appearance he was unos- 
tentatious, but in his convictions he stood as 
firm as the mountains among which his early 


childhood was passed, yet he readily yielded 
to logical reasoning, and was ever earnest 
and untiring in his search for the key that 
would solve the problems presented to him 
through his life, doubting when he could not 
demonstrate. In religion it can not be said 
that he was an unbeliever. He had no fear 
of death, but the question of the hereafter 
he could not solve to his satisfaction. He 
never tired of studying and pondering upon 
religious and scientific subjects, and his ever 
honorable and upright life assures us that if 
existence is continued beyond the grave he 
will live in immortality. In his practice he 
made considerable money, but more often 
his services were unrequited by pecuniary 
remuneration. He seldom asked for a 
stated sum, letting his patrons give him 
what they believed to be his just due. He 
was generous and benevolent, ever kind and 
thoughtful of others, none could speak aught 
against him, and he probably had not a 
single enemy in his wide circle of acquaint- 

Mr. Powers was married, in Grand 
Rapids, September 8, 1870, to Mary Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Robert and Mary Ann 
(Brown) Dickerson, and one daughter, Alta 
Charlotte, was born to them January 22, 
1876. The devoted husband and father 
passed peacefully away on the morning of 
September 24, 1S88. He has left an im- 
press upon this State and her laws that will 
be seen and felt for many generations, and 
in the records of the courts has built for 
himself a monument more splendid and en- 
during than could have been made by the 
sculptor, and his memory will be cherished 
throughout Wood county and Wisconsin 
while the friends who have known him are 
still in life. 

NICHOLAS GROSS. Among the en- 
terprising, wide-awake hustlers of 
Stevens Point none is more deserv- 
ing of special mention in the col- 
umns of this work than the gentleman 
whose name is here recorded. 

Mr. Gross is a native of Lorraine, France 
(now in Germany), born April 4, 1854, a son 
of Nicholas and Christina (Deminerle) Gross, 

highly respectable and well-to-do farming 
people of that historic province. In 1865, 
accompanied by their then family of eight 
children, they set sail from Havre, France, 
in the ship "Bremen," and after a passage 
of forty-two days landed at New York, when 
they at once proceeded to Wisconsin via 
Buffalo, where they remained a short time. 
In the spring of 1866 they came to Portage 
county, and in the town of Sharon, at Po- 
land Corners, the father, in 1867, built a 
tavern, which was known far and near as 
the "Poland Corner Tavern," the first 
hostelry ever seen in that neighborhood. 
Here he died, in comfortable circumstances, 
in 1876, his wife passing away at Stevens 
Point in 1892, and they were buried, the 
father at Poland Corners, the mother at 
Stevens Point. In religious faith they were 
members of the Catholic Church, and in 
political affiliation Mr. Gross was a Demo- 
crat. Their family of children were as fol- 
lows: Born in Lorraine — Richard, a resi- 
dent of Stockton, Portage Co., Wis. ; Cath- 
erine, now Mrs. N. Jacobs, of Stevens 
Point; Victor, of the same place; Nicholas, 
our subject; Henry, living in W^ausau, Wis., 
representing the Pabst Brewing Co. ; Aloy- 
sius, member of the hardware firm of Gross 
& Jacobs, Stevens Point; Christina, now 
Mrs. John Khiel, of Stevens Point; Felix, who 
died at Poland Corners when twelve years 
old; those born in the United States are — 
Mary, a Sister of the Order of Notre Dame; 
and Rosa, now Mrs. John Martini. The 
father of this family at one time owned 
some land in this country, but never lived 
on it. 

The subject proper of these lines re- 
ceived his primary education at the schools 
of his native place, and after coming to this 
country attended a short time a German 
school at Buffalo, N. Y., while the family 
were remaining there while on their west- 
ward journey. At the age of seventeen he 
left the parental roof, and coming to Stev- 
ens Point made his home here with a Mr. 
Jacobs, and attended the Second Ward 
School. For a time he found employment 
in a supply store; but prior to this he went 
up the river to Big Eau Claire to work on a 
lumber raft bound for St. Louis, Mo., in 



which expedition he came near losing his 
Hfe, for on running down the Little Bull 
Falls he was accidentally knocked off the 
raft into the water. James McHugh, the 
pilot, made an effort to save him, Mr. Gross 
being unable to swim, in which effort (un- 
successful, it seems) McHugh lost his pocket- 
book, containing $250, and our subject a 
trouser leg. Mr. Gross finally succeeded in 
reaching shore through what is known 
among lumbermen as the " emptying of an 
eddy," his ardor for raft-running being 
thoroughly cooled. This occurred at a place 
called Mosinee, and by the time the raft 
reached Stevens Point, Mr. Gross conclud- 
ed he had had enough of aquatic adventures, 
and embarked in the less perilous stream of 
commercial life, securing a position in a 
supply store, as already related. In 1877 
he thought he would vary the monotony of 
life by trying his hand at railroad life, and 
proceeding to Colby he worked on the con- 
struction of the Wisconsin Central railway 
a couple of days, "riding the crowbar;" 
then once more returned to Stevens Point, 
making the trip on a freight train, whereof 
James Doi^sey was conductor. For a time 
after this Mr. Gross worked in a supply 
store for Thomas Gray, the result of which 
was that in the fall of 1874 he opened up a 
saloon business on Main street, Stevens 
Point, between First street and the square, 
John O. Herren being his partner; but the 
business was not a success, and at the end 
of some six months was closed out. Our 
subject next tended bar for his brother-in- 
law, Nicholas Jacobs, at the "Jacobs 
House," and with him remained until 1877. 
From 1878 to 1881 he was employed in the 
machine shops of John and James Rice, 
keeping books and running machinery; then 
again opened out a saloon on the northeast 
.corner of the Square, in which he continued 
alone until the spring of 1882, when he re- 
moved his business to the Lutz Block, on 
Main street, Peter Eiden becoming his part- 
ner. There Gross & Eiden continued the 
saloon till June, 1883, when Mr. (iross sold 
out to A. Watke, and began the handling of 
Pabst's beer, selling it by the carload from 
October, 1883, to May, 1884, since when he 
has been local representative at Stevens 

Point for that vast brewery, the trade of 
which has considerably increased under his 
careful management and thorough business 
capacity. On November 21, 1875, Mr. 
Gross was married at Stevens Point to Miss 
Johanna C. Splawn, who was born in Hart- 
ford, Washington Co., Wis., a daughter of 
Patrick Splawn, a native of Ireland; she 
was brought to Portage county when a year 
old, and was here reared and educated. 
The children born of this marriage were as 
follows: Nicholas, who died at the age of 
two years and two months; Alice, born 
November 7, 1882, still at home; and Ma- 
bel, who died when three years and sixteen 
days old. In politics Mr. Gross is a Demo- 
crat, and in 1878 he was a member of the 
school board; socially he is affiliated with 
the Catholic Knights, the Catholic Order of 
Foresters, and has served as trustee of each, 
at the present time being trustee of the 
Knights. In 1894 he built one of the finest 
dwelling-houses in Stevens Point, and he 
has every home comfort due to a man who 
has earned it well and is deserving of all 
he owns. 

JAMES BARR. In every agricultural 
community there are some men who are 
generally known as poor farmers, and 
others who have the reputation of be- 
ing good farmers. Among the latter class 
are a few who excel even among the excel- 
lent. The reputation of James Barr, of 
Belmont township, Portage county, is that 
he is one of the best farmers in the county. 
He is not specially interested in politics. It 
is the farm that interests him, and as a re- 
sult he is a model for the man who wishes 
to make farming a successful business. 

Mr. Barr comes of sound Scotch stock. 
Now, at the age of seventy, he is a very 
well-preserved man. He is one of a family 
of twelve children, all of whom lived to the 
age of twenty-one years, and six of whom 
now survive. He was born in Renfrew- 
shire, Scotland, June 2i, 1825, son of Rob- 
ert and Janet (Pettiker) Barr. Robert Barr 
was a joiner, and supported his family in 
Scotland by working at his trade. Becom- 
ing discontented there, he made a prelimin- 



ary prospective trip to New Brunswick, and 
soon after, in 1827, he emigrated with his 
family, then consisting of four children, to 
a farm in Lower Canada, in a new and 
wooded country. He was a poor man, and 
sought a cheap home. On the farm he 
thus settled he lived through life, and died 
aged seventy-five years, his wife surviving 
to the age of eighty-six. Their family was 
as follows: Janet, now' Mrs. Gilmour Dan- 
skin, of Iowa county, Iowa; Jane, who 
married and died in England; James, sub- 
ject of this sketch; Mary, who married and 
died in Michigan; Robert, of British Colum- 
bia; John, who died in Lower Canada; 
William, of Indiana; Margaret, widow of 
George Ma.xwell, of Lower Canada; Eliza- 
beth, who married and died in Iowa; Isabel, 
who married and died in Lower Canada; 
Peter, of Lower Canada; and Allan, who 
died in Lower Canada. 

James Barr was reared in a new country 
in Canada, where there were no schools for 
years ; but, nevertheless, he got education 
enough to carry him through. When about 
eighteen years old he started out in life for 
himself, working at whatever he could find 
to do, chiefly lumbering for a while. For 
some time he worked in Lower Canada, then 
went to Upper Canada where for four years 
he was engaged in loading and unloading 
vessels at Port Ryerse, and during these 
years secured his start in life from wages of 
from twelve to eighteen dollars per month. 
He first came to Wisconsin in the winter of 
1854-55, when he was engaged in lumber- 
ing on the Big Eau Claire river. Returning 
to Canada, he again came to Wisconsin in 
the spring of 1856, and settled on 120 acres 
in Section 21, Lanark township, Portage 
county, which he had purchased a year pre- 
vious. It was a new piece of land, without 
buildings, and for three years he spent the 
summers in improving it, passing the win- 
ters in lumbering. 

In 1 860 he was married, in Lanark town- 
ship, to Mary Donavan, who was born Sep- 
tember 22, 1841, in New Brunswick, daugh- 
ter of Patrick and Julia (Coughlin) Dona- 
van). Patrick was a mason and stone cut- 
ter, and a great traveler. He lived succes- 
sively in New Brunswick (Canada), Fall 

River (Mass.), Richmond (Vt.), Rensse- 
laer county (N. Y.), Willimantic (Conn.), 
Upper Canada near the Suspension bridge, 
and in various points in Ohio. In the fall 
of 1854 he came with his family to Wau- 
paca, Wis., and later bought forty acres in 
Lanark township, Portage county, also pre- 
empting 120 acres and making the first im- 
provements on the farm. The family first 
lived in Lanark township in a shanty twelve 
feet square, boarded up and down, and here 
during severe winters they suffered little from 
the cold as the house was so small it was 
easily kept warm. Mr. and Mrs. Donavan 
had ten children — five sons and five daugh- 
ters. The parents both died in Lanark 
township, the father at the age of seventy- 
five, and the mother when fifty-three. Mrs. 
Barr when a girl of fourteen summers worked 
away from home, and as a domestic received 
wages as low as fifty cents per week. After 
marriage Mr. Barr began housekeeping in 
Section 21, Lanark township ; in 1873 he 
removed to Section 19, Belmont township, 
where he had purchased 160 acres, and has 
lived here since. His four living children — 
John, William, Jessie L. and Allan — are all 
at home : three children, Robert, Anna and 
Jane, died young. Since coming to Bel- 
mont township, Mr. Barr has engaged solely 
in farming, and has erected all the substan- 
tial buildings which the farm now possesses. 
He is a great reader, and always has daily 
and weekly newspapers in his home. 

FRANK FLETCHER, a representa- 
tive citizen of Portage county, was 
born 'in the town of Burton-on-the- 
Water, Gloucestershire, England, 
December 18, 1848, and is a son of John 
and Charlotte (Humphries) Fletcher, who 
were also natives of that locality. The 
father learned and followed the trade of a 
baker in his native land, and in the spring 
of 1841 was married. In the spring of 1854, 
accompanied by his family, he sailed for this 
country on the "George Washington," a 
merchant vessel. They had previously in- 
tended sailing, but were fortunately preven- 
ted from doing so, for on the vessel on which 
they had intended taking passage yellow 



fever broke out, and nearly all on board 

The Fletchers spent thirty-three dajs 
upon the water, and then continued their 
journey by rail to Oshkosh, Wis., where 
Mrs. Fletcher had an uncle living. Two 
years later they came to Portage county and 
located a claim, but after six months were 
obliged to leave, for it was found that a cer- 
tain John Gray had a prior claim to the 
farm. In Buena Vista township the father 
secured eighty acres, which, however, re- 
verted to the original owner. He ne.\t rent- 
ed land for two years, and then purchased 
forty acres in Section i6, Buena Vista town- 
ship, and now became more prosperous. 
He afterward bought an additional eighty 
acres, later the eighty-acre farm on which 
our subject resides, and subsequently a quar- 
ter section on which his son George is living, 
and eighty acres on which a nephew is liv- 
ing. He also owned forty acres of timber 
land, making in all 360 acres. In politics 
he was a Republican, and he was a valued 
citizen. His death occurred May 29, 1890, 
on the old homestead, when he was aged 
seventy-one years. His wife, who was born 
September 18, 18 19, died a Christian in 
April, 1890. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher were the parents 
of eight children, viz.: (i) Arthur, a farmer 
of Belmont township. Portage county, mar- 
ried Sarah Handel (he served in the Union 
army throughout the Civil war); (2) Mary 
Ann is the deceased wife of Charles Went- 
worth, a farmer of Kansas, by whom she 
had one son, Louis, who married Margaret 
Gasman, and had two children — John and 
Perry; (3) William died in infancy; (4) 
Frank is the ne.\t younger; (5) Caroline is 
the wife of Gilbert Puariea, and they have 
six children — Charles, Fred, Daisy, Bessie, 
Ollie and Wayne (they reside in Buena Vista 
township); (6) Charles R., a farmer of Stev- 
ens Point, Wis., married Hattie Wanty, 
and they have four children — Pearl, Roy, 
Harry and Ray Arthur; (7) George, a farmer 
of Beuna Vista township, married Emma 
Wanty, and they have six children — Eugenia, 
Irene, who died in infancy, John, Clara, 
Millie and Ward; (8) Herman D. is a car 
inspector in the employ of the Wisconsin 

Central Railroad Company at Stevens Point 
(he married Josie Grover, and they had 
three children — Guinevere, Gladys, and one 
that died in infancy. 

Our subject was about seven years old 
when his parents came to America. He 
began his education in England and com- 
pleted it in Buena Vista township; but much 
of his youth was spent in work upon the 
home farm. He also worked for others as a 
farm hand, and was in the lumber woods 
during two winters, also rafted lumber down 
the Wisconsin and Mississippi rivers as far 
as Hannibal. In May, 1874, he was mar- 
ried in Belmont, Wis., by Ira Whipple, 
justice of the peace, to Miss Sarah A. Berry, 
a daughter of Andrew and Angeline (John- 
son) Berrj', the former a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, the latter of Sweden. Mrs. Fletcher 
was born near Wausau, Wis., in the lumber 
region, where her father kept a boarding 
house. He was born August 4, 18 14, and 
his wife on February 9, 1835. The)' still 
reside on the old homestead in Buena Vista 
township. Portage county; they had six 
children, of whom Mrs. Fletcher is the 
eldest; after her came Clara, born March 12, 
1856, deceased wife of Nelson Winslow, a 
lumberman; Mary B., a milliner of Am- 
herst, Wis. ; William, who died in infancy; 
Andrew B., first married to Emma Young, 
and afterward to Barbara Young, by whom 
he has two children — Effie and Robert P. ; 
Alice, born August 13, 1865, died in Sep- 
tember, 1886. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Flet- 
cher located on the farm which is still their 
home. His father had given him a deed to 
eighty acres of land, and to this he added 
140 acres. Fortenj^ears they lived in a small 
frame dwelling, one of the first homes in 
the township, and in 1884 erected a com- 
modious modern residence, in which they 
reside with their only child, Clarence, who 
was born April 6, 1878, and is now at- 
tending school in Buena Vista township. 
Mrs. Fletcher is a member of the Methodist 
Church at Liberty Corners, and takes quite 
an active part in Church work. In politics 
Mr. Fletcher is a stanch Republican, and 
has served as supervisor about eight years, 
being at present a member of the board 



He has been clerk of the school board 
eighteen years, is a warm friend of the cause 
of education, and gives his hearty support 
to all worthy enterprises and interests cal- 
culated to prove of public benefit. 

ALMON MAXFIELD holds a leading 
place among the enterprising and 
prominent men of Plover, Portage 
county, where he is now carrying on 
a successful mercantile business. He is a 
native of New Hampshire, born in Goshen, 
November 5, 1829, and is a son of Jonathan 
C. (a farmer) and Judith (Cheney) Maxfield, 
who had a family of three children: Almon, 
Electa E., wife of John Patterson, a lum- 
berman (they have a family of children), 
and Leander, a miner of New Me.xico. 

The educational privileges of Almon 
Maxfield were but meagre, all the literary 
training he received being obtained in an 
old log school house. He was early inured 
to hard labor, however, and began life for 
himself at an early age. In 1840, accom- 
panied by his parents, he moved with their 
children to Janesville, Wis., and here our 
subject was engaged in work by the day. 
Wisconsin at that time was considered on 
the frontier, and there were few inhabitants 
in the section where they located. Almon 
made his home in that vicinity until 1850, 
in which year he came to Plover. His 
mother for many years had been an invalid, 
and it was mainly on account of her health 
that the family had come west; her death 
occurred in Janesville in 1842. The re- 
mainder of the family arrived in Portage 
county in 1852, and for many years the 
father made his home at Stockton; he died 
at the home of our subject in 1892, at the 
age of eighty-three years. 

Almon Maxfield engaged in general labor 
for about five years after coming to Plover, 
at the end of which time he purchased 120 
acres of totally unimproved land. For two 
years he made his home with a family who 
were living upon his farm, and then on June 
20, 1 86 1, he was married to Miss Mary 
Elizabeth Rice, a native of New York, and 
daughter of Benona and Mary (Livingston) 

Rice, who also had a son, Lemuel G., a 
merchant of McDill, Wis. Her father fol- 
lowed the vocation of farming, and with his 
family emigrated to Wisconsin about the 
year 1852, locating in Plover; since 1894 
both he and his wife have resided with our 
subject. Mr. Rice has now reached the 
ripe old age of eighty-three, his wife being 
eighty-one. To Mr. and Mrs. Maxfield 
have been born four children: Irene, now 
the wife of W. W. Dake, who operates her 
father's farm in Plover township; Cora E., 
now employed as bookkeeper for a merchant 
in Gladstone, Mich.; Marion E., attending 
the Normal School at Stevens Point; and 
Julian P., at school. 

Until 1886 Mr. Maxfield carried on agri- 
cultural pursuits in Plover township, Port- 
age county, and during that period cleared 
and developed his .fine farm of 120 acres. 
In that year he removed into the village of 
Plover, and has since engaged in merchandis- 
ing, carrying a stock valued at $3,000. He 
has a well-appointed store, in which he con- 
ducts a lucrative business, receiving a liberal 
patronage from the people of Plover and 
the surrounding country. Politically he al- 
ways supports the Republican party, and on 
its ticket was elected supervisor for four 
years; he also served as justice of the peace. 
He possesses the entire confidence of the 
community in which he lives, and is held in 
the highest respect by all with whom he 
comes in contact. Mrs. Maxfield is a true 
Christian woman, and a consistent member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to whose 
Aid Society she belongs. 

HENRY KOLLOCK, one of the early 
pioneers and successful farmers of 
Almond township. Portage county, 
was born in New Brunswick, Novem- 
ber 12, 1828, son of Shepherd F. and Mary 
Eliza (Taylor) Kollock, both natives of New 

Shepherd F. Kollock was by occupation 
a lumberman and fisherman, and the shift- 
ing center of the lumbering interests induced 
him several times to move. He lived for 
some years in Maine, and in 1836, soon 
after the death of his wife, he moved west, 



settling near Detroit, Mich., where he en- 
gaged in fanning. Four years later he came 
to Waukesha, and followed lumbering, liv- 
ing with his eldest son, William, who owned 
land. Here the father died in 1843. He 
had nine children, as follows: William, who 
died in Kansas; Jane, who married Thomas 
Curry, a harness maker, and died in Michi- 
gan; Wellington, a resident of Buena Vista 
township, who was killed in the tornado of 
1863; AnnC, who, as the widow of Michael 
Little, lives with her children at Detroit, 
Mich.; George, an hotel keeper at Merrill; 
Mary Eliza, wife of George Sanford, a 
farmer and lumberman at Hustisford, Dodge 
county; Henry, of Almond township; Nel- 
son, a farmer of Almond township; and 
Frances, widow of B. F. Cooper, of West 

Until the tender age of eight years our 
subject received some educational advan- 
tages in the East, and he can remember 
when a teacher could be employed for $1 
per week; on coming west with his father 
his school days were less frequent. After 
the father's death, which occurred when 
Henry was fifteen years old, he remained at 
the home of his brother William for three 
years, then with his brother Nelson he came 
to Wausau, and for six years they worked 
in the pineries. Then, in 1852, the two 
brothers came to Almond township, where 
they bought a claim of 320 acres, at that 
time unsurveyed. They lived for a time 
with their brother Wellington, in Buena 
Vista township, and their nearest neighbor 
was John Moss, who occupied the land now 
known as the Dickson place. The brothers 
had oxen, and at once began breaking up 
the land. Henry was married, March 20, 
1854, to Permelia Barber, daughter of Ches- 
ter Barber, a cooper by trade, who had been 
a soldier of the war of 1812, and who came 
from New York to W^aushara county. Wis., 
about 1847, engaging in farming until his 
death, several years later. When Henry 
Kollock was married about fifty acres of the 
land was under the plow. He built a frame 
house, 16x24, and here the two brothers 
lived. They speculated in land to some ex- 
tent, and remained in partnership until 
1873, when they divided 560 acres between 

them. Henry now owns 200 acres. He is 
the father of four children, as follows: Ella 
A., who married Walter Nugent, of Plain- 
field, Wis., and died at the age of thirty-five 
years, leaving one child, Cora E. ; Cora D., 
now Mrs. William Brady, of Almond town- 
ship; Edith, now Mrs. Charles H. Pratt; 
and Shepherd F., at home. All the children 
have been school teachers except Shepherd 
F. The latter was married November 12, 
1894, to Anna Smith, daughter of Osborn 
and Sarah (Clark) Smith. Osborn Smith, a 
plumber by trade, is now a farmer of Buena 
Vista, and is the father of twelve children, 
as follows: William (deceased), Jennie, 
Anna, Alice, Ella, Maggie, William (2), 
Catherine Reece, Maria, Theresa, Adeline 
and James. Politically Mr. Kollock is a Re- 
publican, and in ante-bellum times he was, 
like his father, a Whig. He is a prominent 
member of Plainfield Lodge No. 208, F. & 
A. M., and is one of the most influential 
and most highly-respected citizens of Almond 

been said that the life of every man, 
if properly written, would be as in- 
teresting as a romance. Few lives 
perhaps have so well typified the rewards 
that come to a man of honor, bravery and 
fidelity after a prolonged battle against ad- 
verse fate, as that of him whose name appears 
above, one of the most highly honored citi- 
zens of Dayton township, Waupaca county. 
He was born in Alsace, France (now 
Germany), August 27, 1826, son of Jacob 
and Elizabeth Shoemaker, the former of 
whom, who was a farmer, died when Fred- 
erick was fourteen years of age, the eldest 
of thvee children. The property was ample 
but incumbered, and upon the shoulders of 
the young lad fell the main burden of the 
fight against accumulating interest and fore- 
closure. The struggle was manful, and for 
a time kept the little family at home with 
the mother. In 1845 and 1846 there was a 
notable exodus of emigrants to the United 
States, the promised land of liberty and 
plenty. It was partially with the hope of 
placing his mother beyond want that Fred- 




erick, too, a lad of twenty, in the year 1846 
resolved to try his fortune in the new country. 
Bidding his mother, brother and sister adieu, 
he proceeded via Strasburg, Paris, Rouen 
and Havre to New York, landing with but 
iive dollars in his pocket. Unable to speak 
English, he in vain sought work for several 
weeks, and his little fund was exhausted. 
Finally he succeeded in borrowing ten dol- 
lars to take him to his uncle, who lived in 
Orangeville, Wyoming Co., N. Y. He 
reached Attica, ten miles from his destina- 
tion, penniless, and started afoot for his 
relative's home. All night, in the blustering 
month of March, he tramped in the cold and 
snow, but lost his way and was compelled 
to turn back. Not daring to go to the hotel, 
for he was without money, he hung around 
the depot till directed anew, and this time 
he succeeded in reaching his destination. 
He remained there a month, then lived out 
at seven dollars per month with Marshall 
Cowdin, " if he suited, " and remained seven 
months. Then he worked near Attica, 
N. Y. , for eight dollars per month. Re- 
turning to Orangeville, N. Y. , good fortune 
awaited him. His services were engaged by 
Truman Lewis, a prominent farmer and 
dairyman, and for three and a half years he 
remained on that farm. Better fortune 
still, he in 1850 married Miss Jane Lewis, 
daughter of his employer. She was born 
June 30, 1826, of Puritan extraction. Tru- 
man Lewis was one of the most prominent 
men of his county, and at one time was a 
member of the New York Legislature. 

Having saved his money, though much 
of it was sent to his widowed mother, Mr. 
Shoemaker purchased a farm in Weathers- 
freld township, Wyoming Co., N. Y. , which 
he occupied two years. He then returned 
and worked for his father-in-law. In the 
spring of 1853 he started with his wife for a 
Western home. Oshkosh, Wis., was his 
destination, which was reached via the 
lakes, stage, and lake again. Here he 
met an acquaintance, and while looking 
around he was advised by an Oshkosh mer- 
chant to go to the Indian land then just 
opened up. Acting on the advice, he pro- 
ceeded by boat to Gill's Landing. Leaving 
his wife here, he proceeded to Dayton town- 

ship, and by chance met Lyman Dayton, 
formerly of Attica, N. Y., who he was. sur- 
prised to discover was a personal friend of 
his father-in-law, Truman Lewis. Mr. 
Dayton interested himself in the newcomer, 
and gave him some valuable hints upon 
making a location. Mr. Shoemaker finally 
purchased the southwest quarter of Section 
1 5 from Thomas Morgan, who had made 
some improvements on that place, clearing 
three acres and building a small house, and 
in May, 1853, in an ox-wagon, the pur- 
chaser brought his wife and small outfit to 
their new home. The first purchase of 
ninety acres was augmented from time to 
time until, in 1893. previous to the transfer 
of some 270 acres to his sons, the farm in- 
cluded 450 acres. Meantime matters had 
not prospered in the old country, for the old 
home was sold, leaving the mother in 
straightened circumstances. She lived to 
the age of seventy-five, and her support 
came largely from Wisconsin. Elizabeth, 
the only sister of Frederick, married Charles 
Haenel in Europe, and emigrated to the 
United States. Her husband died in New 
York City, and she returned to Alsace. 
Again coming to New York City, she mar- 
ried Christian Schuekle, and died in that city 
in 1885. Jacob, the only brother of Fred- 
erick, entered the F'rench army, and on ac- 
count of his superior military presence be- 
came a member of Louis Napoleon's body 
guard. He is now a station agent at Mon- 
cel, on one of the government railroads of 
France. The children of Frederick and 
Jane Shoemaker are Lewis F., Lucy (now 
Mrs. A. R. Potts), Truman and Corinne, all 
residents of Dayton except Corinne, who is 
living at home. 

In politics Mr. Shoemaker is a stanch 
Republican, and though he has not been an 
office seeker has twice served his township 
as supervisor. For thirty-five years he has 
been an elder in the Presbyterian Church, 
of which he and his wife are members. He 
was trustee also, for years was Sunday- 
school superintendent and chorister, and in 
1 883 was a delegate to the General Assembly 
of the Presbyterian Church, at Saratoga, 
N. Y. While nearly seventy years old, he 
has the health and strength of a man many 



years younger. Thoroughness, honesty and 
fairness have been the characteristics of 
his successful Hfe. He is one of the best 
types of self-made men, and is most hap- 
pily situated at the old homestead, in the 
midst of his children, who are following in 
his footsteps and thus exemplifying a high 

JACOB H. VAN DOREN, an extensive 
manufacturer at Birnamwood, Shawano 
county, was born December 17, 1846, 
in Steuben county, N. Y. , near Naples. 
Isaac O. Van Doren, father of our subject, 
was probably born in Holland, at any rate 
he was of Dutch descent; his father was 
married in New Jersey to Rebecca Smith, 
and they became the parents of six children: 
Abraham, Mary Ann, Isaac O., Jacob, Will- 
iam and Samuel. He was an early settler 
in New York, and came to \Msconsin in 
1853, settling near Oshkosh, where he re- 
mained until his death in 1864; his wife 
passed away in 1862. 

Isaac O. Van Doren, father of our sub- 
ject, was married in Naples, N. Y. , to 
Sarah Bush, who was born in that town in 
1824, one in a family of eight children, viz. : 
Paulina. Sarah, Vinna, Jane, Myra, Rufus, 
John H. and Arthur. Both the parents died 
in New York. By this marriage Isaac O. 
Van Doren became the father of nine chil- 
dren, as follows: Adelaide, James, Jacob 
H., Alfrida, Ella, Wheeler, Frank, May and 
Charles. He was a farmer by occupation, 
and came to Wisconsin in 1854, settling on 
a farm in Winnebago county, near Oshkosh, 
also carrying on a hotel. The mother dying 
at this home in 1880, the father married 
again; he is now living in Brown Valley, 

Jacob H. Van Doren, the subject of this 
sketch, attended the common schools in his 
native State, also after coming to \\'iscon- 
sin, and assisted his father upon a farm until 
he was twent\-oue years of age. He then 
went to Menasha and bought a livery stable, 
which he managed one year, when he sold 
out and embarked in the lumber business in 
Shawano count}', remaining there one year. 
His next step was to buy a farm near Osh- 

kosh which he operated two years, and 
then purchased a farm in Green Lake 
county. Here he lived for four years, 
when he again disposed of his property, and 
moving to Oshkosh engaged in the grocery 
business, which he carried on some eight 
years. In June, 1S84, he sold out his store, 
and coming to Birnamwood bought a small 
mill. In July he sold a one-half interest in 
this to his present partner, B. B. Andrews, 
and they are now carrying on an extensive 
business, which has grown from an invest- 
ment of $2,000 to the value of $50,000. 
Their plant consists of a sawmill, shingle- 
mill, stavemill, planing-mill and an excel- 
sior factory, and they employ forty men the 
year round; they also conduct a general store 
in connection with their establishment. 
These various industries, which have done 
so much for the growth and prosperity of this 
section of the county, are managed with 
much abilit}', and by the latest and most 
approved methods, and testify to the fore- 
sight and good judgment of their owners. 
The town, which numbered only one hun- 
dred people when these factories were 
started, now has a population of four hun- 
dred, and is a growing and prosperous vil- 

Mr. Van Doren was married March 20, 
1870, to Miss Anna Cook, who was born 
in Winnebago county November 20, 1850, 
daughter of Levi and Harriet (Shelton) 
Cook, natives of \'ermont, who came to 
Wisconsin in an early day, where the father 
engaged in farming. He died in 1879, 
leaving a family of six children: Clara, Anna, 
Charles, Albert, Julia and Flora; the mother 
is still living. To our subject and estimable 
wife five children have been born: Guy, who 
superintends the store and is bookkeeper for 
the company; Flora, now Mrs. Thomas Can- 
non; Ray, attending Wisconsin State Uni- 
versity at Madison; and Dee and Clyde, both 
still at home. Politically Mr. Van Doren 
is a Republican, and he has been a school di- 
rector six 3'ears, having ever taken a deep in- 
terest in the cause of education. He is self- 
made, and ever ready to help those who are 
striving to make a way for themselves in the 
world. Though an energetic business man, 
he yet takes time to do much charitable 



work, and is liberal to the Church and all 
worthy objects. He is highly respected in 
the community of which he is a valuable cit- 
izen. Birnamwood was organized as a vil- 
lage in the spring of 1895, ^"d Mr. Van- 
Doren was chosen it sfirst president. With 
his family he attends the Congregational 
Church. He was too young to go into the 
army during the Civil war, but one of his 
brothers, James K., when he was seventeen 
years old enlisted in the First Wisconsin 
Cavalry, and served throughout the war, in 
all five years. He had some exciting ex- 
periences, and was made prisoner three times. 

REV, E. J. HOMME, owner and man- 
ager of the Orphans' Home and 
Home for homeless old people at 
W'ittenberg, Shawano county. Wis., 
was born at Thelemarken, Norway, October 
17, 1S43, a son of John and Carrie (Lundj 

John Homme, father of our subject, also 
a Norwegian by birth, born in 1817, was a 
cabinet maker in his native land, a business 
he made a success of, and was married in 
Norway to Miss Carrie Lund, by whom he 
had eight children, as follows: Evan J., 
subject of sketch; Ole, now a resident of 
Houston county, Minn. ; Osmond, a wagon 
maker and carpenter in Wittenberg, Wis. 
(he is married and has five children); Miss 
Helga, who has charge of the boy's depart- 
ment in the Orphans' Home, Wittenberg, in 
the capacity of assistant matron; Birgitte, 
married and living in Clay county, Minn. ; 
Annie, who married Oscar Frohling, and 
died leaving a family of children, three of 
whom are inmates of the Orphans' Home at 
Wittenberg; Andrew, an engineer with resi- 
dence at Grand Forks, N. Dak. ; and Fred- 
erick, foreman of Kemnitz Manufacturing 
Company, at Green Bay, Wis. In 1854 the 
parents came to America, locating in Dane 
county. Wis., where for two years the father 
worked at his trade, or until 1856, in that 
year moving to Houston county, Minn., set- 
tling on a piece of land, and there combined 
farming with cabinet making during the rest 
of his busy life, dying in 1885 at the age of 
sixty-seven years; his widow is now passing 

her declining years with her son, Ole, in 
Houston county, Minnesota. 

Rev. E. J. Homme, the subject proper 
of these lines, after attending elementary 
schools, at the age of nineteen entered col- 
lege, taking a two-years' course, and then 
proceeded to St. Louis, Mo., where, at Con- 
cordia Seminary, he commenced the study 
of theology, at the end of three years being or- 
dained a minister of the Norwegian Lutheran 
Church of America. He then, in 1867, took 
up his abode in Winchester, Winnebago Co., 
Wis. , and was pastor of the Lutheran Church 
there some fourteen years, thence in 1880 
coming to what is now Wittenberg, of which 
village he may be said to be the founder, 
there not being a human being in the place 
when he came to it. He walked all the way 
from Tigerton (a distance of nine miles), 
which at that time was the terminus of the 
Lake Shore & Western railroad. 

From a pamphlet, published in 1894, at 
Wittenberg in the interest of the Orphans' 
Home at that village, is gleaned the follow- 
ing: The village of Wittenberg was founded 
February 13, 1880, by Rev. E. J. Homme, 
which event happened in the following way: 
The Norwegian Synod, to which Rev. Homme 
belonged at that time, had for several years 
discussed the great need of a home for 
orphan children and homeless old people, as 
no such institution existed among the Nor- 
wegian Lutherans of America. Rev. Homme 
declared his willingness to take the lead in 
this move toward the establishment of such 
a home, on the condition that he be at liberty 
to select the place for it. To this the Synod 
agreed, but declared that he should consider 
this as a private enterprise, and not under- 
take the erection of buildings with the idea 
that the Synod should be obliged to pay for 
them. On the other hand, the Synod 
promised to lend their support to every hon- 
est means he might make use of in further- 
ing the cause. On the 27th of January, 
1880, a number of German Lutheran clergy- 
men resolved to form an association for the 
purpose of establishing a high school (an 
academy or progynmasium) for the congrega- 
tions in this section of the State. Rev. 
Homme was a member of this association. 
The German brethren resolved to locate 



their high school in the same place where 
Rev. Homme thought of building his Or- 
phans' Home. At the same meeting it was 
■decided to select a location between Clinton- 
ville and Wausau on the Milwaukee, Lake 
Shore & Western railway, which was then 
being built through the western portion of 
Shawano county. A committee was elected 
to inspect and choose a site, said committee 
consisting of Jonas Swenholt, of Scandina- 
via, Wis., John Uvas, of \\'inchester \\'is. , 
Aug. Kraenke, of Reedfield, Wis., and Rev. 
Homme (at that time stationed at Win- 
chester, Wis.). The committee accom- 
plished its mission the 9th and loth of Feb- 
ruary of the same year (1880), and chose 
this region for the founding of a Wittenberg. 
Rev. Homme immediately wrote a pe- 
tition to the railroad company, that the 
station which was then in contemplation of 
establishment might be named Wittenberg, 
to which the railroad company responded 
favorably. The railroad had at that time 
not reached that far, and the whole region 
about was a dark and lonely wilderness, de- 
void of the habitation of man. The first 
sign of civilization in Wittenberg was a log 
cabin made by the railroad company for 
some of its laborers; the first frame building 
in the town was a store, built in the spring 
of 1880 by Jonas Swenholt, of Scandinavia, 
Wis. The following year Rev. Homme 
built his residence there, and moved thither 
with his family November 4, 1881. By 
August 26, 1882, the Orphans' Home was 
completed, and on that day was opened 
with an enrollment of four children and one 
aged man. During the next summer, 1883, 
Rev. Homme built a second building (school 
house) for the use of the orphans, and on 
October 31 the whole institution was sol- 
emnly dedicated. Rev. A. Mikkelson, of 
Chicago, officiating. This institution was 
located in the southern part of the village, 
•on Blocks 30 and 31. The same fall of 
1883 the German Lutheran clergymen had 
their high-school building completed, and 
school began on the ist of September. 
After a course of six months, however, the 
building was utterly consumed by fire, and 
school was again resumed in Rev. Homme's 
Orphans' Home. In the summer of 1884 

the building was rebuilt by Rev. Homme, 
but the school was not continued any 
longer. The next year the school was con- 
verted into the present German Orphans' 

In 1882, on motion of Rev. Homme, a 
committee was appointed by the Norwegian 
Synod to investigate what could be done in 
regard to the founding of an Indian mission 
in that vicinity. As the Synod did not take 
any steps to realize the Indian mission, this 
committee went to work independently to 
establish an Indian mission. It selected a 
place three and one-half miles west of the 
village of Wittenberg, where in the fall of 
1884 a small school was established, and 
engaged a teacher for some Indian children. 

In 1885 the committee resolved to move 
the Indian Mission School nearer to the 
village. A large building, the erection of 
which was superintended by Rev. Homme, 
was completed, and dedicated by Rev. J. 
EUestad in the summer of 18S6. Rev. T. 
Larson, of Harmony, Minn., was chosen 
by the committee as principal of this In- 
dian mission. Rev. Homme made an appli- 
cation to the National Gov'ernment for pe- 
cuniary aid for the Indian Mission School, 
which was complied with. In 1887 the 
Norwegian Synod obtained full possession of 
the Indian mission, and has continued it till 
the present date. 

Through the exertions of Rev. Ellestad 
and Rev. Homme a Normal school was es- 
tablished here in 1887 in connection with 
the Orphans' Home. The school was con- 
tinued for three years till the establishment 
of the United Lutheran Church, in 1890. 
In 1885 Rev. Homme built and equipped a 
printing office in connection with the Or- 
phans' Home. From this institution "For 
Gammel og Ung " has been issued every 
week, and has reached its 14th volume. 
Out of this institution are also sent forth 
two weekly Sunday-school papers [Son- 
ihigsskoh- Bladct and Sunday School 
Helper) respectively, the first Norwegian 
and English Sunday-school papers issued 
among the Norwegians in America. The 
Orphans' Home has been in existence for 
thirteen years, and during this time two 
hundred children and aged persons have at 



different times had their homes here. At 
present writing there are seventy-five chil- 
dren and nine aged people at the Home. 
On June 11, 1882, a Norwegian Lutheran 
congregation was formed, which now num- 
bers fort}- families, exclusive of the inmates 
of the Orphans' Home. The trustees of the 
congregation are Peter Olson, Ole Johnson 
and Andreas Grimstad. The minister serv- 
ing this congregation and the Orphans' 
Home is Rev. E. J. Homme; H. Madson 
is deacon of the congregation. The corner 
stone for this new Orphans' Home was laid 
September 23, 1894, by Rev. G. Hoyme, 
of Eau Claire, Wisconsin. — So much for 
what we glean from the pamphlet. 

In truth it reads more like a fairy talc 
than a bare statement of facts, and a view 
of the grounds, whereon stand the Home 
and collateral industries, reminds one more 
of the work of an enchanter than of a single- 
handed mortal. Mr. Homme came to Wit- 
tenberg a poor man, yet fearlessly and hope- 
fully built and equipped a school which fur- 
nished a retreat for some seventy-five home- 
less boys and girls, which he soon began to 
realize was too small for his philanthropic 
purpose. Securing a tract of 360 acres of 
heavily-timbered land on the Embarrass 
river, one and one-half miles from Witten- 
berg, he there established a fine water 
power, and in 1892 erected a sawmill with a 
capacity of 35,000 feet per diem, a planer 
and matcher, and also a shingle-mill. In 
1894 he began the erection of his new 
Home, which is now (July, 1895) under roof, 
and will be completed for occupation in 
1896; when finished it will accommodate 
two hundred children, have an excellent 
school and a select library. The old build- 
ing will be converted into a Home for home- 
less old people. He has also erected a fac- 
tory, equipped with a sixt3'-five horse-power 
steam engine, and here it is his intention to 
manufacture church furniture, thus furnish- 
ing the children with employment, at the 
same time teaching them a trade, thereby 
making it as nearly as possible a self-sup- 
porting Industrial School. Mr. Homme 
has nearly one hundred and fifty acres of 
land under cultivation, where the bov's are 
taught the science of agriculture, and in con- 

nection with the Home he will in the near 
future erect a gristmill, in addition to all 
which it is his intention to introduce other 
industries, thus making the locality a man- 
ufacturing center. It is stated in another 
part of this sketch that Mr. Homme was 
instrumental in founding and erecting the 
Indian Mission and the German Lutheran 
Orphans' Home, but he is now in no way 
connected with either. 

In 1869 Rev. E. J. Homme and Miss 
Ingeborg Swenholt were united in marriage, 
and eight children have been born to them, 
named respectively: William (a graduate of 
Northfield College), Clara J., Carl J., luga, 
Mariin, Anna, Francke and Gerhard. Mrs. 
Homme was born, in 1845, ^f Stone Bank, 
Waukesha Co., Wis., daughter of John and 
Ingeborg Swenholt, natives of Norwa\', who 
came to this country in 1844, finally set- 
tling in Scandinavia. Waupaca Co., Wis., 
where the father died and the mother is yet 
living. In his political preferences our sub- 
ject is a stanch Republican, and he is one 
of the most highly respected citizens of 
Shawano county, popular in the extreme. 
In 1893 he was nominated against his 
wishes for the State Senate, and although 
defeated received a highly flattering support. 
In all his marvelous success, the result of 
indefatigable perseverance, assiduous in- 
dustry, and sound judgment, Mr. Homme 
never forgets to give his amiable wife due 
credit for her share in the labor of love, 
which has by no means been a small one. 

LUTE RICH, one of the most pro- 
gressive and public-spirited young 
agriculturists of St. Lawrence town- 
ship, Waupaca county, is the adopted 
son of Henry A. Rich, a sketch of whom 

Our subject was born October 20, 1865, 
and when an infant of eleven months was 
adopted into the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry A. Rich. He attended the common 
schools of the vicinity of his new home, 
and also received instruction from his foster- 
mother, Mrs. Rich; was reared on a farm, 
and has spent some time in the lumber 
woods — never, however, being absent from 



his foster parents for more than two months. 
He was married December 10, 1884, at 
Ogdensburg, ^^'aupaca Co. , \\'is. , to Miss 
Ella A. Pray, who was born July 15, 1862, 
in Sherman township, Sheboj-gan Co. , Wis. , 
daughter of Edward and Marj- J. (Sweet) 
Pray, both now deceased, the father, who 
was born in February, 1874, and was 
a soldier in the Civil war, dying July 18, 
1864, of a wound, in a hospital at Philadel- 
phia, the mother, who was born in July, 
1824, passing away in St. Lawrence town- 
ship, Waupaca county, February 8, 1890. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Lute Rich have come two 
children: Ada M., born October 15, 1885, 
and Roy, born February 20, 1889. In his 
political preferences Mr. Rich was a Dem- 
ocrat until 1894, since when he has been as 
active in the ranks of the Republican party 
as he had previously been in those of the 
other. He is regarded as one of the exem- 
plary young men of his township, a good 
farmer, possessed of sound business methods, 
and enjoying the esteem of many warm 
friends and admirers. 

Henry A. Rich was born April 28, 1822, 
in the town of Bucksport, Hancock Co., 
Maine, a son of Benjamin Rich, a sailor bj- 
vocation, who by his wife Debora (Ayery), 
had a familj- of ten children — two sons, 
Benjamin, Jr., and Henry A., the former of 
whom was a farmer and died at Bucksport, 
Maine, at the age of eighty-five years, and 
eight daughters who all married and all died 
in their native State. Benjamin Rich, Sr. , 
the father of these, died in Bucksport, 
Maine, in the full faith of the Universalist 
Church, of which all the rest of the family 
were members. 

Henry A. Rich was reared on a farm, 
and remained under the parental roof until 
he was twenty-one years of age, at which 
time he went to sea as a cod fisher on the 
Grand Banks of Newfoundland, being em- 
ployed by parties who make that a regular 
business. This he followed si.\ months, or 
until December, 1847, at which time he was 
married, an event that will be presently fully 
spoken of. He and hisj-oung wife then took up 
housekeeping on the Isle of Wetmore, Han- 
cock Co., Maine, situated at the mouth of 
the Penobscot river, where he was employed 

cutting wood, thence in the spring of 1848 
moving to near the town of Bucksport, same 
county, where for a couple of years he lived 
on a farm with his brother Benjamin, after 
which he removed to Prospect, in the same 
county, and during four summers was em- 
ployed on the construction of Fort Knox, on 
the Penobscot river, holding the responsible 
and often dangerous position of head blaster 
on that work. In the fall of 1854 he re- 
moved to Wisconsin with his family, taking 
steamer from Bucksport to Boston, thence 
rail to Buffalo, from there by boat to De- 
troit, from which city they took rail to Chi- 
cago, then boat to Milwaukee, thence stage 
to Fond du Lac, again boat to Oshkosh, 
thence up Wolf river to Mukwa township, 
from the landing place to the home of Mrs. 
Rich's parents in Little Wolf township. [In 
1850 ^Ir. Rich had \isited Wisconsin, and 
was in the vicinity of Oshkosh and Wolf 
river prospecting for a home, but could find 
nothing to suit him, in fact was rather dis- 
gusted than otherwise, declaring that he 
would not accept a certain 160-acre tract of 
land (where Oshkosh now stands) "if it 
were tendered him as a gift. "] 

For a year Mr. and Mrs. Rich made 
their home with James Eldredge (her father), 
Mr. Rich's first work in his new western 
home being in the woods; then in the spring 
of 1855 he took a business trip to Maine, 
his wife during his absence filling the posi- 
tion of temporary teacher of the first school 
in Royalton township, which was held in a 
partially completed store room in the vil- 
lage of Royalton, that township, the regular 
teacher, Lizzie Crane, being sick. In the 
fall of 1855 he bought eighty acres of land 
in Section 24, St. Lawrence township, Wau- 
paca county, on which not a stick of timber 
had been cut by white man, and here a farm 
house was the first building to be erected, a 
good one for those times, and later on he 
bought forty acres of marsh land. The only 
inhabitants in that town when Mr. and Mrs. 
Rich arrived were: Judge Ogden and 
Dreutzer, Simeon Hopkins, Marshall Levitt, 
William Shambeau, Henry \\'. Eldredge, 
Smith L. Wait, William Cain, Hiram Col- 
lier, Smith Collier, Henry Carrick, Levi 
Carrick and Peter Shepherd. Ogden & 


Dreutzer were building the first mill at 
Ogdensburg, Henry Eldredge being the 
millwright. For fifteen winters after com- 
ing to Wisconsin Mr. Rich followed 
lumbering in the woods, his summers occu- 
pied in improving his farm. Mrs. Rich 
taught the first school in their district in her 
own house. 

On December 29, 1847, Mr. Rich was 
married on the Isle of Wet more, Maine, to 
Miss Elizabeth A. Eldredge, who was born 
December 29, 1829, in Bucksport, Hancock 
Co., Maine, daughter of James and Susan 
(Warren) Eldredge, both also natives of that 
State, the former a millwright by trade, 
born March 11, 1800, in Bucksport, the 
latter in Troy (near Augusta) May 28, 1801. 
They had a family of thirteen children, as 
follows: The first child died in infancy, 
David (at the age of seventeen years was 
lost at sea on the schooner Capt. Ginn, near 
Cape Cod), Henry W. (died at Little Wolf, 
Waupaca county, at the age of sixty-nine 
years), Elizabeth (deceased at the age of 
two years), James, of La Crosse, Wis. (a 
natural sailor, ex-captain of a Wolf river 
steamboat, and who served in the navy 
during the war), Elizabeth A. (Mrs. Rich); 
Harriet (married to Watson Wadwell, died 
in St. Lawrence township), Alvira (married 
to Smith Wait, and also died in St. Law- 
rence township), John (died in town of 
Little Wolf, Waupaca Co.), Isabella (mar- 
ried to Edson Casey, and died in St. Law- 
rence), also three that died in infancy un- 

In 1850 Mr. and Mrs. Eldredge migrated 
westward to Wisconsin, settling in Little 
W^olf township as pioneers of the almost un- 
explored region, and here hewed out a com- 
fortable home. He and his wife both died in 
St. Lawrence township, November 9, 1861, 
and January 24, 1886, respectively, and 
sleep their last sleep in Ogdensburg Park 

Henry A. Rich died August 18, 1887, 
after a two- years' illness, and also lies buried 
in Ogdensburg Park Cemetery. He was a 
medium -sized man, wiry and energetic, a 
good citizen and excellent farmer, leaving a 
comfortable competence, the result of his 
individual industry and perseverance. Since 

his death his widow has continued to reside 
on the old home farm. She is a most in- 
telligent and interesting old lady, possessed 
of a very retentive memory, and consequently 
is a charming conversationalist. She is a 
member of no particular Church, believing 
in the broad and humane Church of Christ, 
and a straightfoward course through life, 
with charity to all. She and her husband 
had no children, but adopted Lute Rich as 
related in sketch. 

treasurer of the village of lola, 
Waupaca county, was born March 
II, 1829, at Hudson City, Colum- 
bia Co., N. Y. , a son of Alexander Neely 
Bierce, who was a native of Massachusetts, 
and a direct lineal descendant of William 
Bradford, who landed at Plymouth Rock in 
1620, and was first governor of the Plym- 
outh Colony. The mother, Deborah A. 
(Morrison) Bierce, was a native- of New 

When our subject was but one year old 
the family moved to Greene county, N. Y. , 
where they resided until 1835, when they 
removed to Schoharie county, N. Y., and 
here our subject's boyhood was spent in 
laboring on the farm and in a sawmill. As 
one of the older children of a family of 
eight, his work during his younger days was 
necessarily severe. When he had reached 
the age of nineteen his parents, stricken 
with the western fever, again moved, this 
time in May, 1848, to Illinois, at that time 
a wilderness, and settled near the then 
small town of Dixon, the county seat of 
Lee county. Austin here apprenticed him- 
self to one Charles Edson, and learned the 
trade of carpenter. 

On July 4, 1850, at China, 111., he was 
married to Lydia Alice Hopkins, daughter 
of William W. and Salome (Adams) Hop- 
kins, both natives of Connecticut. Mr. 
Hopkins was a lineal descendant of Stephen 
Hopkins, one of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. Mrs. Hopkins was 
a lineal descendant of Governor Bradford 
through another of his sons, of which he 
had three. Thus two distant branches of 



this Colonial family were united. Lydia 
Alica Hopkins was born September 2 1 , 
1832, at New Milford, Penn. , and was 
brought by her parents to Illinois in 1845. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bierce's first child, Mar- 
tha J., was born May 26, 185 i, and August 
3, 1855, a son, Neely, was born, but lived 
only one short 3'ear, dying August 4, 1856. 
In 1858 the cry of new country struck into 
the minds of the }"oung couple, and in May 
of that year they came to Wisconsin, set- 
tling at lola, Waupaca county, where they 
now reside. Another daughter, Lenora 
May, was born to them, May 3, i860. 
Shortly thereafter the voice of war began to 
be heard, and December 3, 1863, Mr. Bierce 
left his wife and children to answer to the 
call of his country, enlisting in Company K, 
Tenth Wis. V. I., as private. After serv- 
ing in this regiment for eleven months he 
was transferred as corporal to Company K, 
Twenty-first Wis. \'. I., where he was soon 
promoted to sergeant, and in which he 
served until the close of the struggle. His 
war service took him with Gen. Sherman 
on that memorable march to the sea from 
Chattanooga, Tenn., to Savannah, Ga. , 
and through the Carolinas and Virginia to 
Washington, where he took part in the 
Grand Review of the war veterans. His 
regiment was then transported by train and 
boat to Louisville, Ky. , where they were 
mustered out June 18, 1865. For nearly 
two years after the war Mr. Bierce was un- 
able to work at his trade as carpenter, on 
account of rheumatism contracted in the 
service. Six months of this time were 
spent with relations in Illinois. 

On May 30, 1868, his last child. Burton 
L. , was born, and two years later, May 3 1 , 
1870, his eldest child, Martha, died. In 
1885 Mr. Bierce was granted a pension of 
six dollars per month, and in June, 1890, 
this was increased to sixteen dollars per 
month. At this time, the old trouble, sci- 
atic rheumatism, had made almost a cripple 
of him, and he is still most severely troubled 
with it. 

Mr. Bierce settled in lola when it 
could hardly be called a hamlet; where the 
now beautiful streets lie it was but a wilder- 
ness. For thirty-five years his residence 

has been on the same lot on which it now 
stands, his two remaining children being 
located near by- — the son on one side and 
the daughter at the opposite side of the 
parental home. Mr. Bierce has been a 
Republican in politics from his first vote to 
the present time, his first vote for President 
being cast for '• Rough-and-Ready " Zach. 
Taylor. Never an office-seeker, he has 
held at different times town oflices, and in 
1893 was elected treasurer of the village of 
lola. He was re-elected in 1894, and is 
the present incumbent. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Bierce have been active members of the 
M. E. Church for years, and are members 
of the M. E. Church at lola at the present 
time. Mr. Bierce is also an active member 
of the G. A. R. , and the present commander 
of lola Post No. 99, lola. 

FINN LAWLER. The Province of 
New Brunswick, Canada, has given 
to the United States, and to the 
State of Wisconsin, especially, a 
goodly number of her stalwart, industrious 
and loyal citizens, among whom the sub- 
ject of this sketch stands prominent. 

Mr. Lawler was born in Douglas, North- 
umberland Co., New Brunswick, May 8, 
1845, ^ son of John Lawler, who was of 
the same nativity, having first seen the light 
about the j'ear 1825. The family are of 
Irish descent, grandfather Patrick Lawler 
having been born in Queen's County. Ire- 
land, where he married Miss Margaret Finn. 
In 1824 they came to Canada, settling in 
Northumberland county. New Brunswick, 
where they died, the grandfather in 1877, 
the grandmother in 1880. They had a 
family of seventeen children, of whom only 
the names of the following six are re- 
membered: John, James, Mary, Margaret, 
Jane and Elisha. Patrick Lawler and his 
wife were employed some thirty years 
in the Marine Hospital which was estab- 
lished in Northumberland county, N. B., 
by the British Government. John Lawler, 
father of Finn Lawler, is at present living 
at Newcastle, N. B., four miles from where 
he was born. He was educated at St. John, 
same province, and became a licensed school 



teacher, a profession he followed many years, 
some of his old scholars now holding gov- 
ernment offices in both the United States 
and Canada, not a few of them being mem- 
bers of Parliament. In 1862 he was ap- 
pointed register of deeds for Northumber- 
land county, which office he still holds, and 
is also a magistrate by government appoint- 
'ment, his commission, which is dated 1863, 
bearing the signature of Queen Victoria. 
On November 6, 1844, Mr. Lawler was 
married to Miss Sarah Landy, who was born 
on the ocean, daughter of John and Sarah 
Landy, natives of Ireland, the former of 
whom worked in the shipyard at Douglas, 
N. B., and was drowned in the river Mir- 
amichi. Mrs. Sarah (Landy) Lawler had 
one brother — John — and three sisters — Ann, 
Mary and Betsy. To John and Sarah 
Lawler were born thirteen children, as fol- 
lows: Margaret, Jane, Finn, Richard, James, 
Rogers, John, Eliza, Mary Ann, and four 
that died in infancy. On November 6, 
1894, the parents celebrated their "golden 

The subject proper of these lines, whose 
name appears at the opening of this sketch, 
received his education under his father's able 
tuition, and when the latter became register 
of deeds he took his son, Finn, into the 
registry office with him. Here the lad re- 
mained about three 3-ears, or until October, 
1863, when, at that time eighteen years old, 
he went to New York City, where he found 
employment with a lumber company for the 
first three days as common laborer; but his 
employer, discovering his aptitude for figures, 
at once promoted him to the position of 
tally-keeper. In February, 1866, he came 
to Wisconsin, spending a few months among 
relatives at Shullsburg, Lafayette county, 
then in the spring moving to Chicago, 
whence after a short time he returned to 
Wisconsin, and in the then village of Oshkosh 
found employment in a clothing store some 
sixteen months. The proprietors of the 
store, concluding to open a branch establish- 
ment at Neenah, sent our subject there to 
take charge; but in 1868 he left that busi- 
ness, and moving to Shawano, Wis., clerked 
in a hotel there one winter, in the following 
spring taking up his residence in Portage, 

where he was once more employed by the 
clothing firm he had previously worked for. At 
the end of eighteen months the firm dissolved, 
and our subject, then turning his attention to 
the Wolf River Valley, in December, 1871, 
set out via the military road for Rice Lake 
(on the Wolf river), a place boasting at that 
time of but one house, and here, in company 
with William Johnson, he commenced trad- 
ing with the Indians, so continuing some 
two years. During this time he had con- 
siderable experience as a woodsman, and in 
1875, in company with one Perry, he came 
to Eagle River, where he has since resided, 
his chief occupation being connected with 
timber lands — prospecting, estimating, sur- 
veying, etc — and for several years he served 
as deputy county surveyor. He handles 
hardwood, pine and spruce timber, and 
timber is estimated and sold on commission, 
taxes also being paid for non-residents. In 
this he is in partnership with A. A. Den- 
ton, the style of the firm being Denton & 
Lawler. They are also considerably inter- 
ested in land in Wisconsin and Minnesota. 
In his political preferments Mr. Lawler 
is a Democrat; was the first chairman of the 
town, first school clerk, and in the spring of 
1895 was elected assessor. Much thought 
of by his neighbors, he enjoys the respect 
and esteem of many warm friends in Eagle 
River, in which rising young city he takes 
an active interest. Mr. Lawler has two 
brothers living in New Brunswick, the one, 
Richard A., a lawyer in Chatham, the other 
a commission merchant in Newcastle, who 
is also deputy registrar of deeds for the 
county of Northumberland; he has also two 
brothers, John and James, both residing at 
Eagle River, lumbermen by occupation. 
Our subject is the only one of them, no 
doubt, who can boast of being able to speak 
the Chippewa (Indian) language. He has 
just completed a cosy residence on the bank 
of Eagle river, in a grove of maples and 
balsams, among the trees which he loves 
and where he has spent a large part of his 
lifetime. He owns some village and con- 
siderable outside property which will in time 
no doubt become valuable. Mr. Lawler has 
not yet married, but unless all signs fail he 
may in the near future. 



CHARLES E. SEARL, the pioneer 
jeweler of Merrill, Lincoln count}', 
still continues in the same line in 
that city, where he is one of the 
leading business men. He was born in 
<jrand Rapids, Wis., March 14, 1851, and 
is a son of J. K. Searl, a native of the Buck- 
ej-e State, born on June 2, 1818. The 
paternal grandfather, Elisha Searl, was 
born in \'ermont, and by his marriage with 
Miss Boborety, who was of German descent, 
became the father of si.\" children, namely: 
William, Frank, J. K., a daughter whose 
name is not given, Loretta and Jemima. 
Near Dayton, Ohio, he carried on a hotel, 
but later removed to Illinois, locating near 
Rock Island, but afterward went to Iowa, 
where he passed his last days. 

J. K. Searl, who was next to the \oung- 
est in his father's family, acquired his educa- 
tion in the common schools. On reaching 
man's estate he was married in Illinois to 
Miss Leah Kline, who was born in Nunda 
Valley, N. Y. , in 1824, a daughter of George 
Kline. Her parents were both natives of 
■German}', where they were married, and to 
them was born a family of eight children: 
George, John, William, Elizabeth, Sarah, 
Leah, Charles and Mary. Her father was 
a contractor and builder, and on first coming 
west, located in Illinois, but in 1838 re- 
moved to Grand Rapids, Wis. His eldest 
son, George Kline, Jr., was among the first 
settlers of the latter place, arriving there in 
1833. The son's wife was the first white 
woman north of Fort Winnebago; she was 
the widow of Daniel Whitney, who built the 
first sawmill on the Wisconsin river. George 
Kline, Jr. , also erected a mill at Grand Rapids 
at an early day, and his father's death occur- 
red there in 1853; the mother of Mrs. Searl 
died in 1870. George, Jr., went to Califor- 
nia about the year 1851. 

The father of our subject also located in 
Grand Rapids, Wis., in 1844, where he 
lumbered, afterward dealing extensively m 
horses, andwas something of a politician, hold- 
ing many minor offices. He departed this 
life in December, 1892, in Merrill, though his 
home at the time was at Wautoma, Wis. 
To him and his worthy wife were born 
twelve children, two of whom died in in- 

fancy. The others are Mary J. , Alonzo W. , 
Charles E. , Lillian, Henry, Emma E., 
Elbert F. , Ernest E., Nila B. and Vinnie 
D. E. The mother after her marriage 
taught the first school in Grand Rapids, or 
in fact north of Fort Winnebago; this was 
in 1846, and was a private school. She 
was called to her final rest January 4, 1888. 
The eldest brother of our subject served 
during the Civil war as a member of the 
Fifty-second \\^is. \'. I. 

Until he had reached the age of eight- 
een Charles E. Searl was able to attend 
school, thus acquiring a good common- 
school education, and then carried the mail 
from Grand Rapids to Friendship, Wis., 
for his father. In the spring of 1870 he 
accompanied his parents to Adams county. 
Wis., but in the following fall he returned 
to Grand Rapids and commenced to learn 
the trade of jeweler with his uncle, Will- 
iam Kline, for whom he worked four years. 
In 1875 he went to Wautoma, Wis., and 
started in business for himself, at which 
place he continued three years, when he re- 
moved to Westfield, Wis., remaining there 
but one year, during the fall of 1879 clos- 
ing out his business there and coming to 
Jennie, now known as Merrill. When he 
arrived here the village contained only 
about five hundred inhabitants, while now 
it is a flourishing little city of nine thousand. 
He was the first jeweler in the place, and 
still continues to conduct the same business, 
in which he has met with excellent success. 

On December 23, 1875, Mr. Searl was 
united in marriage at Wautoma, Wis., with 
Miss Emma A. Bean, who was born in that 
city, in 1859, to Albert and Arvilla (Conner) 
Bean, both of whom were natives of New 
Hampshire, and is one of a family of eight 
children — Charles, John, Francena, George, 
Fred, Katie, Ed and Emma A. Her parents 
came to Wisconsin in 1856, where her 
father followed his trade of blacksmithing; 
his death occurred in 1872, that of his wife 
in 1 880. To Mr. and Mrs. Searl were born 
six children, to wit: Ed, who is married 
and lives in Merrill; Harl, Ethel, Arthur 
and Nile at home; and Glen, who died at 
the age of about eighteen months. 

Mr. Searl may be properly classed 



among the self-made men of Lincoln coun- 
ty, who by the exercise of their own in- 
dustry and perseverance have not only 
gained for themselves a competence, but 
have materially assisted in the progress and 
advancement of the country around them. 
He has made many friends since coming to 
Merrill, and by all with whom he comes in 
contact is held in the highest respect. So- 
cially he is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America, while politically he casts 
his vote with the Prohibition party as it 
embodies his views on the temperance ques- 

honored and respected pioneers of 
Waupaca county, now makes his 
home in Tola. His birth occurred 
in Norway, December 27, 1S43, and he is a 
son of Amand Olson, a farmer of but ordi- 
nary means. In 1849 the father with his 
family of five children left Norway for the 
United States, and were six weeks and five 
days on the ocean, landing on American soil 
in the latter part of August. From New 
York City they proceeded up the Hudson, 
and by the Erie canal to Buffalo, N. Y., 
thence around the lakes to Milwaukee. They 
located on a farm in the town of Muskego, 
\\'aukesha county. 

In the summer of 1852 the father brought 
his family to Waupaca county, where land 
was cheaper and more of his cauntrymen 
then lived. There were no railroads at this 
time, and two yokes of cattle hauled them 
and their household goods, while their stock 
was driven. They came by the way of Berlin, 
•Wis., the road being through a new country, 
and where now are good farms at that 
time was an unbroken forest. They located 
on a farm in Scandinavia township, it being 
in Town 23, Range 11 east, and was in this 
primitive condition, they making the first 
improvements. A portion of it was covered 
with timber, but the almost annual forest 
fires at that time had destroyed most of the 
trees, and nothing but bushes remained. 
After the settlers came in the fires were not 
so numerous, and soon clumps of oak trees 
grew up and are standing as timber today. 

where, easily within the memory of our sub- 
ject, there was nothing but brush at one 
time. His father followed farming during 
the remainder of his active life, and his death 
occurred March 9, 1895, at the age of ninety 
years. His wife was called to her final rest 
in July, 1 891, when she had reached the ex- 
treme age of ninety-seven years. Both 
were buried in the Lutheran Cemetery in 
Scandinavia, Wis., of which Church they 
were among the first members. The father 
possessed great vitality even at his ad- 
vanced age, and shortly before his death 
performed labor becoming even a man 
sixty years his junior. He was a good 
farmer, very energetic, and was respected 
by all who knew him. In his political 
affiliations he was a Republican. 

Mr. Amundson was reared as a pioneer 
farmer boy, and to quote him: " His ed- 
ucation or schooling was begun in early life, 
and consisted principally in handling a yoke 
of cattle and a breaking plow." Much of 
this was to be done, and his attendance at 
school was quite brief, as few if any schools 
were in existence in the township when he 
arrived. He lived at home until the age of 
eighteen when he began the trade of a black- 
smith with Samuel Silvei thorn, at Wau- 
paca, where he was at work when President 
Lincoln called for troops to aid in the 
preservation of the Union. Being a young 
man, robust and strong, Mr. Amundson en- 
listed in the service of his adopted country, 
becoming a member of Company G, Twenty- 
first Wis. V. I., August 12, 1862, at Wau- 
paca. From there he went with the regi- 
ment to Oshkosh, Wis., later to Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, and Covington, Ky. , and thence 
to Louisville where the campaign opened. 
He was ill during the battles of Perryville 
and Stone River, so that his first engage- 
ment was at Chickamauga, after which he 
remained with his regiment, never losing a 
day off duty until August 6, 1864, when be- 
fore Atlanta. He was struck with a burst- 
ing shell which exploded above him, the 
force of it hurling him fifteen yards. His 
companions thought that he was dead, and 
though badly hurt, he insisted on going with 
the regiment, which the doctors finally per- 
mitted, but for ten days was unable to do 



active duty. His regiment went with Sher- 
man to Savannah, and he participated in the 
campaigns of North and South CaroHna, 
later taking part in the Grand Review at 
Washington, D. C. He was discharged in 
that city June 25, 1865, but the regiment 
remained intact until reaching Milwaukee, 
Wis., where it was mustered out. Mr. 
Amundson immediately returned to Wau- 
paca county, and in Scandinavia township, 
in 1867, married Miss Christina Hermanson, 
a native of Winneconne, Wis., daughter of 
Herman Hermanson, " Little Holt, " who 
came from Norway to America in 1852. To 
them were born seven children: Augusta, 
wife of Rev. L. K. Abarg, of the Lutheran 
Church in South Dakota: Hattie, who died 
at the age of fifteen; and Agnes E., Lillian 
R., Hilda, Ada and Edna, at home. 

After his marriage Mr. Amundson located 
at Amherst, Wis., where he built a shop, 
and for ten years carried on blacksmithing, 
after which he engaged in the same business 
for three years in Winchester, Winnebago 
county. He then returned to Amherst 
where he still owned property, which later 
he traded for a farm in Alban township. 
Portage county. After farming there for a 
year and a half, he in the fall of 1886 came 
to lola, and for three years was in the em- 
ploy of Frogner Brothers, since which time 
he has conducted a shop of his own with 
good success. For the last fifteen years he 
has suffered from rheumatism, which greath' 
handicaps him, but he is still enterprising 
and industrious. 

Mr. Amundson has never taken a very 
active part in political affairs, but alwaj-s 
votes with the Republican party, and for 
one year served as township treasurer. He 
was one of the organizers of lola Post, No. 
99, G. A. R. , in which he has held various 
offices, and is now serving as senior vice 
commander. Himself and wife are con- 
nected with the Lutheran Church, and while 
a resident of Amherst he was one of the of- 
ficers in that religious body. By his own 
industrious efforts he has become a well-to- 
do man, and still owns a good farm of one 
hundred and twenty acres in Alban town- 
ship, Portage Co., Wis. He has seen the 
many changes that have taken place in the 

country where he lives; can remember when 
wild game was very plentiful; and deer could 
be shot from the cabin door. He has 
hunted the cows on the present site of lola, 
when for miles and miles there were no 
fences. Farming was then carried on with 
very crude implements, and he used to come 
to mill at lola in the cold winters on an old 
sled, wearing no overcoat or overshoes, yet 
could stand the cold better than with the 
modern equipments of the present day. He 
is well known in this community where he 
has long resided, and by all is held in the 
highest esteem. 

August 24, 1862, on the farm which 
he now owns and occupies in the 
township of Scandinavia, Waupaca 

His father, Ove \\'illiamson, was born 
in Norway January 20, 18 19, was educated 
in the schools of his native land, and the 
days of his boyhood and youth were passed 
upon the farm. His marriage to Miss Annie 
Kjos took place in Norway in 1844, and five 
years later, in 1849, he crossed the Atlantic 
in a sailing vessel to the New World, where 
he hoped to secure a home and compe- 
tence. He first located in Muskego, \\'is., 
where he worked as a common laborer some 
three years, coming thence to \\'aupaca 
county in 1853. He was one of the first 
settlers, and is now the second oldest living 
resident in Scandinavia township. The hard- 
ships and trials of pioneer life are familiar to 
him, and the history of that county is known 
to him from the days when it was an almost 
unbroken wilderness, inhabited mostly by 
Indians. He has borne an important part 
in the work of development, transforming 
the land from its uncultivated condition into 
rich and valuable farms. Here he purchased 
160 acres of wild land, on which not a 
furrow had been turned or an impro\ement 
made, and successful!)' continued its cultiva- 
tion until 1884, when enfeebled health caused 
him to lay aside business cares, and he is 
now living a retired life. He worked for 
many years on the river rafting logs, and his 
career has been that of an industrious ener- 



getic man, bringing to him a well-merited 
competence. Mrs. Williamson.who was born 
in Norway, September 29, 1820, is also yet 
living. He is a stanch Republican in politics 
and has served in several local offices with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to his con- 
stituents. He filled the office of assessor 
for twelve jears, and has also been township 
treasurer. He and his family are members 
of the Lutheran Church. The children were 
Annie, now the wife of August Larson, a 
resident of Wausau; William, who is living 
in La Crosse, Wis. ; Andrew, the efficient 
sheriff of Waupaca county; Berit, deceased; 
Denah; Buck, who is located in lola. Wis.; 
Edward Ove, of Waupaca; Anton G., sub- 
ject of this sketch; and Lewis B., deceased. 
Anton G. Williams conned his lessons in 
the public schools near his home, and ac- 
quired a good practical educations. Under 
the parental roof he was reared to manhood, 
and at an early age he began work in the 
fields, so that he was soon familiar with farm 
work in its various departments. He now 
owns and operates the old home farm on 
which he was born, comprising 120 acres of 
land, the greater part of which is under cul- 
tivation and improved in a manner that in- 
dicates his practical and progressive spirit, 
and makes his farm one of the best in the 
community. He is accounted one of the 
representative agriculturists of Waupaca 
county, as well as one of its most prominent 
citizens. He has been called to official 
honors, having served as a member of the 
town board of supervisors and as treasurer of 
the school district, and in his political views 
has followed his father's e.xample by always 
supporting the Republican party. Like the 
honored family V) which he belongs he is 
•connected with the Lutheran Church. 

REV. JACOB PATCH. This ven- 
erable gentleman, now in the eighty- 
first year of his age and the forty- 
ninth of his ministry in the Presby- 
terian Church, is one of the best known 
and most highly esteemed clergymen of 
Portage county, an earnest Christian, and a 
zealous worker in the Lord's vineyard. 

Mr. Patch was born in Groton, Mass., 

January 12, 181 5, and is a son of Zara and 
Susan (Nutting) Patch, who were also born 
in Massachusetts, and were descendants of 
i good old Puritan stock, the ancestors hav- 
ing come over during the year 1600. The 
grandfather was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war of 1776, and the father a par- 
ticipant in the war of 18 12. Zara and 
Susan Patch were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, of whom but two now survive: Zara, 
who is still living in Groton, Mass., and 
Jacob, the subject of this sketch; when the 
latter was twelve years old the father died. 

At the age of sixteen our subject went to 
Sharon, Conn. He was educated at the 
Western Reserve College at Hudson, Ohio, 
and took his theological course at the The- 
ological Seminary in the same town, grad- 
uating from the latter institution in 1845. 
Soon afterward he engaged in the ministry, 
his first charge being at Orland, Ind. In 
1845, at Honeoye Falls, N. Y. , Rev. 
Jacob Patch was married to Miss Jane Bush, 
and they became the parents of six children, 
of whom two are deceased. The following 
is a brief account of the four who are yet 
living: George H., an artist of more than 
ordinary merit, married Miss Lauretta 
Ramsey, of Barton, Washington Co. Wis., 
and they have a family of four children; 
Jennie B., an invalid, is now residing in 
California for the benefit of her health; 
Mary H., a physician, and now residing at 
Stevens Point, is a graduate of Holyoke 
College, Mass., also of the Medical College 
of Chicago, and of the Training Hospital 
for Nurses at Hartford, Conn. ; Martha 
Ann, now the wife of Dr. Daniel Campbell, 
of Canfield, Ohio, is a graduate of the Ox- 
ford Female Seminary, of Oxford, Ohio, 
and was principal of Poynette Academy, 
Poynette, Columbia Co., Wis., for the first 
six years of its history. 

At Lima, Ind., in 1S46, Rev. Jacob 
Patch was regularly ordained a minister of 
the Presbyterian Church, and he was pastor 
of the parish of Orland, Ind., for twenty 
years. In 1866, on account of ill health, 
being obliged to resign the pastorate of this 
parish, he removed to Stevens Point, Port- 
age Co. , Wis. , where he took charge of the 
First Presbyterian Church, which at that 



time had a membership of only ten persons, 
but under his ministration of four years it 
increased to fort}'. In 1872, having re- 
gained his health, he was solicited to return 
to his old parish at Orland, Ind., and ac- 
cordingly he again ministered to the spirit- 
ual wants of that parish, continuing there 
for a period of three years, then returning 
to Stevens Point. Since that time he has 
been engaged principally in missionary work, 
in towns along the line of the Wisconsin 
Central railroad, though frequently occupy- 
ing pulpits in various other churches. He 
was also the organizer of the Presbyterian 
Churches at Phillips, Price county. Wis., 
and Marshfield, Wood Co., Wis. In social 
life Rev. Mr. Patch is a man of ardent and 
sincere attachments, ever ready and willing 
to serve his friends, often in the face of re- 
sponsibility or personal risk. When duty 
has called, he has gone forward without 
faltering or shrinking by reason of apparent 
difficulty or threatened dangers, by day or 
by night, at home or abroad. An earnest 
worker in the field of his Master, a genial 
and companionable friend, an able organ- 
izer and executor, read}' for any task that 
can rightly bring help or comfort to the 
burdened, he has won the respect and es- 
teem of a large circle of friends, and been 
endeared to them by his Christian walk in 

perous agriculturist of Little Wolf 
township, Waupaca county, is a na- 
tive of Prussia, Germany, born 
October 22, 1838, a son of Henry and Caro- 
line (Ulrich) Schroeder, who were the par- 
ents of eight children: Minnie (who, and 
four others, died in Germany), Augustus, 
Caroline (now Mrs. Weisgerber, of Weyau- 
wega, who has five children), and Albert (a 
farmer of Lind township, Waupaca county). 
In 1857 Henry Schroeder, with his wife 
and children, emigrated to the United 
States, and coming to Wisconsin, settled in 
Lind township, Waupaca county, where he 
purchased forty acres of land, none of 
which was cleared e.xcept two acres, but 
not having much timber growth on any por- 

tion. A dwelling, 16x24 feet, had been 
erected, and here the family commenced 
their New- World home, numbering among 
the first settlers of that locality, \\'aupaca 
being then but a small village. Later the 
father purchased another eighty-acre tract 
adjoining his first purchase, and he and his 
wife are yet living on the old homestead, he 
at the advanced age of eighty-two years, 
she being some four years younger. For 
his age the venerable father is unusually 
active, and it is worthy of mention that in 
1893 he walked from his own home to that of 
his son, a distance of twelve miles. 

The subject proper of these lines, whose 
name introduces this sketch, received a 
fairly liberal common-school education, and 
was reared to practical farm life under the 
instruction of his father. At the age of 
twenty-one years he rented a small piece of 
land near the homestead, in Lind township, 
Waupaca county, and worked it with his 
father's implements and team, so continuing 
until 1S62, when he purchased eighty acres 
of wild land in the same locality, which he 
improved and cultivated till the fall of 1864. 
At that time, on October 15, he enlisted in 
Company C, Forty-fourth Wis. V. I., 
which regiment was sent to Nashville, there 
remaining on guard duty, as part of the re- 
serve force until February, 1865, at which 
time it was sent to Kentucky. Here our 
subject was stationed until August, 1S65, 
when he was discharged and returned home, 
and once more he devoted his time and at- 
tention to the improvement of his land. In 
1872 he moved into the village of Weyau- 
wega, and there opened a meat market 
which he conducted altogether about two 
and one half years, after which he bought a 
hotel in the same village, being proprietor 
of the same some six years, or until 1882, 
when he traded the hotel propert}" for the 
farm he now owns in Little Wolf township, 
consisting of 1 1 5 acres, twenty of which are 
in good arable condition. On January 11, 
1866, he was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Rhoda (Smith) Van Vorst, whose husband, 
Asa Van Vorst, died in the Civil war, leav- 
ing two children: Dora (now Mrs. Fred 
Zastrow, of Royalton), and William (living 
at the present time with his step-father). 



To Mr. and Mrs. Schroeder were born two 
children: Alice (married to George A. Mc- 
Kinley of Iowa, but died leaving one son, 
Neil, who passed from earth in infancy) 
and Mary (now a school teacher, and living 
at home). In politics our subject has been a 
Republican for the past twelve years, and 
Mrs. Schroeder and her children are all 
members of the Methodist Church, in which 
she takes an active interest. 

Mrs. Rhoda Schroeder, wife of Augus- 
tus Schroeder, was born November 29, i S38, 
in Herkimer county, N. Y. , daughter of 
Oliver and Lydia (Cross) Smith, well-to-do 
farming people, who had a family of twelve 
children, as follows: Oliver, a carpenter of 
Shiocton, Wis. ; Elizabeth, now living in 
^^'eyauwega, Wis.; Owen, who now lives in 
Royalton, Wis., retired; Sarah. Nancy and 
Mary, all three deceased; Rhoda, Mrs. 
Schroeder; Jerome, who died in the war; 
Lydia, now wife of William Kurtz, a farmer 
of Dayton; John, deceased; Garrett, and 
Lucretia, wife of Isidore Como, in the em- 
ploy of a railroad company at Stevens 
Point, Wis. In 1850 the family came to 
Wisconsin, settling in Lind township, Wau- 
paca county, where the father bought 160 
acres of land, at which time Weyauwega 
was a hamlet of but two or three shanties. 
Here the parents of Mrs. Schroeder passed 
the rest of their honored lives, dying, the 
father December i, i860, the mother Janu- 
ary 23, 1879. 

RICHARD A. COOK, proprietor of 
the Central City Iron Works, at 
Stevens Point, Portage county, is a 
highly esteemed citizen and one of 
the leading manufacturers in that city. He 
was born of English ancestry in Netherton, 
near Huddersfield, England, May 24, 1850, 
and is a son of John and Jane Cook, who 
were the parents of five children, three of 
whom survive, namely: Richard A.; Mary 
Etta, wife of John D. Shaffer, a prominent 
dry-goods merchant of Stevens Point, and 
George W., a machinist and roundhouse 
foreman on the Wisconsin Central railroad 
at Waukesha, W^aukesha county, Wisconsin. 
John Cook, with his family, came to the 

United States about the year 1S55, located 
in Burlington, Racine county. Wis., and 
there pursued his vocation of woolen man- 
ufacturer. In 1866 he removed with his 
family to Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac coun- 
ty, and died there soon afterward; his widow 
still survives, and resides in Stevens Point. 
The son, Richard A., who was a five-year- 
old lad when the family came to the United 
States, was reared and educated in Burling- 
ton, Racine Co., Wis., went to Fond du 
Lac with his parents in 1866, there learned 
the trade of machinist, and resided there 
until 1875. In that year he removed to 
Stevens Point, where, in connection with 
Daniel Seyler, he purchased the Pinery Iroa 
Works, and conducted business under the 
firm name of Seyler & Cook for four years. 
About 1879 this partnership was dissolved 
and a new one formed with George A. Pack- 
ard, under the firm name of R. A. Cook & 
Co. , under which the business was carried 
on until 1883, when Mr. Cook purchased 
Mr. Packard's share in the business. 

The works were destroyed by fire in 
October, 1889, and during the following 
summer the extensive estabhshment known 
as the Central City Iron Works was 

In April, 1882, at Sheboygan Falls, 
Shebo3'gan Co. , W^is. , Richard A. Cook was 
united in marriage with Miss Eliza A. Trow- 
bridge, and two children were born to them, 
one of whom survives, Alice Estelle. Mrs. 
Cook died at Stevens Point, October 4, 
1888, and May 19, 1890, Mr. Cook married 
Miss Delia E. Damp, of Oshkosh, to which 
union has been born one child, Ralph A. 
Mr. Cook is a member of Evergreen Lodge, 
No. 93, F. & A. M., of Crusade Command- 
ery. No. 17, and of Forest Chapter. He is 
a stanch Republican in his political views; 
in religious affiliation the family attend the 
Episcopal Church. Mr. Cook has the most 
e.xtensive and best equipped foundry in 
Stevens Point, if not in the whole of north- 
ern Wisconsin, turns out everything con- 
nected with sawmill and gristmill machinery, 
as well as other classes of iron work, and 
furnishes the Wisconsin Central Railroad 
Company with all their castings, with the 
exception of car-wheels. He is a prosper- 



ous and progressive manufacturer, of unusual 
culture and brilliant faculties, takes a deep 
interest in matters tending to the welfare of 
the city and county generally; is represented 
in the city council from the Second ward, 
having been elected at the last election for 
the term of two years. Mr. Cook has a high 
character for honesty and integrity, and his 
genial manner has won him hosts of friends. 

JAMES E. ROGERS. This well known 
and popular citzen of Stevens Point, 
Portage county, was born in Jefferson 
county, N. Y. , December i8, 1842, and 
is a son of James N. and Eliza (Adams) 
Rogers, who were born in New York State, 
and who came to Wisconsin in June, 1852, 
locating in Hartford, Washington county. 
James N. Rogers, father of the subject 
of this sketch, worked at his trade of black- 
smith in Hartford, Wis., in connection with 
the building of the Chicago, Milwaukee & 
St. Paul railway, and in 1853 removed with 
his family to Mayville, Dodge county, where 
he resided till 186S. A portion of this time 
he worked at the blacksmith trade, and later 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1868 
they removed to Portage county, and pur- 
chased a farm in the town of Stockton, 
where they passed their remaining years, 
each living to an advanced age. They were 
the parents of seven children, of whom five 
areliving, namely: Maria, wife of Ira John- 
son, residing in the State of Washington; 
James E. ; Cornelius L. , residing in Stevens 
Point, Portage county; Josephine, wife of 
George Rhodes, residing in Dakota; and 
Henry, residing in Stevens Point. There is 
also a daughter by a former marriage, now 
the wife of N. C. Lawrence, residing in 
Stevens Point. Mrs. Rogers died in March, 
1890, at the age of eighty-one, and Mr. 
Rogers in November of the same year, aged 

James E. Rogers, subject of sketch, 
came to Wisconsin with his parents when he 
was but ten years of age, received a com- 
mon school education in the village schools 
of Mayville, Dodge county, Wis., and was 
afterward employed during the summer 
on his father's farm, and in the winter 

teaching school. In the spring of 1871 he 
was elected clerk of the courts for Portage 
county, and filled that position till January, 
1 88 1. In the fall of 1880 he was elected to 
the Legislature, representing Portage county 
one term. In the summer of 1881 he re- 
ceived an appointment as examiner in the 
pension office at Washington, resigned after 
one year, on account of ill health, and re- 
turned to Stevens Point. After remaining 
here about a year, and having regained his 
health, he was re-appointed to the pension 
office, returned to \\'ashington in the spring of 
1883, and remained there through the sum- 
mer. In the fall of the same year he was 
detailed from the office as a special exam- 
iner for a portion of the State of Iowa and 
of southern Dakota, and filled that position 
four years, at the end of which time, or in 
the fall of 1887, he returned to Washington, 
and was engaged in quarrying two years. In 
the spring of 1890 he was chosen city clerk 
of Stevens Point, which position he resigned 
July II, 1895, having discharged the duties 
thereof for upward of five years, with honor 
to himself and to the entire satisfaction of 
the citizens generall}\ 

In December, 1890, in Waupaca, Wau- 
paca county, Wis., James E. Rogers was 
married to Miss Mary Baker, of Stockton, 
Portage count}', and to this union have been 
born two children, only one of whom, Mabel, 
is now living. Mr. Rogers is an active mem- 
ber of the Republican part}', and represented 
the Second ward of Stevens Point during 
1879 and up to the spring of 1881. He is 
an enterprising and progressive citizen, and 
has many friends. The family are consist- 
ent members of the Baptist Church. 

NATHANIEL POPE, one of the lead- 
ind farmers of Lind township, Wau- 
paca county, and an e.xpert and suc- 
cessful cattle buyer, was born in 
Chautauqua county, N. Y., June 3, 1829, 
son of Nathaniel and Ida (Mattox) Pope, 
the father a native of Connecticut, the 
mother of \'ermont. 

Nathaniel Pope, Sr. , was by trade a 
shoemaker, and in addition to following that 
vocation made an effort to win a better live- 


lihood by (arming. The family of children 
consisted of George M., who died in Lind 
township; Sarah A., widow of A. Gardner, 
of the same township; Pliny, a lake captain, 
who was drowned in Lake Michigan on the 
brig "Tuscarora; " Alexander, of Erie 
county, Penn. ; Alvin, of Nebraska; Alfred, 
who died in infancy; Nathaniel; Albert, of 
Lind township; and Mary Ida, now Mrs. 
David Parrish, of Waupaca. 

Nathaniel, the subject of this sketch, 
received such an education as the schools of 
Erie county, Penn., afforded. He was a 
studious lad, with an active and inquiring 
mind, and he preferred the fireside with a 
book of instruction or adventure to the 
wilder sports of country boys. Yet his 
father's means were limited, and the boy 
could not indulge his studious habits to any 
great extent. At the early age of fourteen 
he commenced for himself the battle of life. 
While yet a mere boy he began to sail on 
the lakes, and as early as 1847 touched 
Green Bay, Wis., and visited other ports in 
that State. For six j'ears he was on the 
lakes. A desire to see more of the world, 
and perhaps, too, the greater opportunities 
open to an ocean sailor induced him, in 1849, 
at the age of twenty years, to take a trip 
from Racine, W'is. , to New Orleans. There 
he shipped for New York, Philadelphia and 
Boston, making one trip from New York to 
Philadelphia as mate. The California gold 
fever was then raging throughout the United 
States, and in 1849 he went round the 
"Horn" on the schooner " Kate. " The 
vessel put in at Valparaiso to refit, and Mr. 
Pope, leaving her, reshipped on a Spanish 
bark which reached San Francisco on the 
Sunday morning of the great fire which de- 
stroyed that city. Remaining in San Fran- 
cisco for about a month, he spent eighteen 
months in the gold-mining country, and then 
returned to New York via the Isthmus; 
reaching his father's home in Erie county, 
Penn., a few days later, he was seized with 
a fever which disabled him for two years. 
The young man had seen the world, and 
was ready to settle down. In the spring of 
1853 he started with his brother Alvin for 
Wisconsin, the brothers reaching Sheboygan 
by boat, thence proceeding across the county 

to Oshkosh embarked on the steamboat for 
Gill's Landing, and made their way through 
the wilderness to Lind township, Waupaca 
county, were Nathaniel and his brother 
Alvin purchased 160 acres of land in Sec- 
tion 16. A few weeks later the parents 
joined him, and made their home thereafter 
with hini until their death, which occurred 
many years later. 

In 1855 Mr. Pope was married in Wau- 
paca county to Miss Eliza J. Loomis, who 
was born in Pennsylvania in 1S38, daughter 
of Lyman Loomis. Their children were as 
follows: Ella, now Mrs. Leroy Jones, of 
Lind township; Pliny, also of Lind town- 
ship; Charles L., who died at the age of 
twenty-six years; Rush L., of Lind town; 
Alice, who died aged three years; Ola, now 
Mrs. Henry West, of Lind township; Gale, 
Guy, x-Mbert, Bertha, Lyle, all of Lind town- 
ship, and Ethel, who was drowned at the 
age of fourteen years. Mrs. Pope, who was 
a member of the M. E. Church, died July 
21, 1886. 

Mr. Pope has prospered greatly during 
his residence of more than forty years in 
Lind township. It was here that he did 
his first farming for himself, and here that 
he drove his first ox-team. In addition to 
general farming he began to deal in stock 
soon after his arrival, and for forty years he 
has bought and sold cattle. A better judge 
of cattle it would be difficult to find, and it 
has been his keen perception of the value of 
stock, together with his business ability, 
that has made him so successful as a dealer. 
He now owns about 360 acres of land. 
Politically Mr. Pope is a Democrat in prin- 
ciple, and he supports the party when its 
principles are nhaintained. He has filled 
many local offices, including those of super- 
visor, clerk, treasurer, pathmaster and 
school director. He is a self-made man, 
for his capital in early life was only his 
courage and ambition. He gave himself a 
thorough practical education, and has al- 
ways been a hard worker. In his youth he 
was as poor as a young man could well be, 
yet he not only has amassed a competence, 
but to his parents he gave aid and comfort 
throughout their lives. When young he 
spent money freely, but he afterward ac- 


quired a practical knowledge of its value. 
His first suit of clothes, after the homespun 
with which in his boyhood he was attired, 
he earned as a sailor. He had taken ad- 
vantage of his father's trade when a boy, and 
could at one time make an excellent pair of 
boots or shoes. Gifted with mechanical ap- 
titude and powers of observation, Mr. Pope 
was equipped by nature to make a success 
in life. Casting his lot among the pioneers 
of northern \\'isconsin, he has rightfully 
risen to the commanding esteem and respect 
in which he is held by his fellow men. 

ALBERT A. DENTON. This gen- 
tleman, who is well known as a 
prominent and enterprising citizen 
of Eagle River, Vilas county, was 
born in Kent county, Mich., near Grand 
Rapids, June i8, 1847. His grandfather 
Denton was a British soldier during the 
Revolutionary struggle, and at one of the 
battles received a bullet in his leg, which 
memento of the war he carried to his grave. 
John W. Denton, father of our subject, 
was born in Pennsylvania, of English ances- 
try, and had four brothers — Samuel, George, 
William and Daniel — and three sisters — 
Mary Ann, Caroline and Joanna. He married 
Minerva Bartholomew, by whom he had si.\ 
children: Mary J., L. Bradley, Albert A., 
Charles F., Ella M. and John^W., Jr. In 
1839 he moved to Michigan, for a time mak- 
ing his home in Kent county, near Grand 
Rapids, whence, in 1850, he moved to Mill 
Point, Ottawa county, same State. In 1852 
he built a large store and hotel at Eastman- 
ville, also in Ottawa county, Mich., known 
as the " Denton House, " which in 1861 he 
sold, and then removed to Grand Rapids, 
purchasing an elegant dwelling there; but 
in 1862 he moved to a farm south of Lowell, 
Kent county, which and his city property, 
however, he soon afterward traded for a fine 
farm in Kecne township, Ionia county, also 
in Michigan. In the fall of 186S he and his 
two sons took a canoe trip up the Muskegon 
river to Houghton Lake, a distance of some 
two hundred miles, hunting, fishing and 
looking up pine lands, after which he made 
annual trips to the same locality, ultimately 

locating a homestead at Houghton Lake, 
renting his Keene township (Ionia county) 
farm and moving his family to his new prop- 
erty. In the fall of 1877 he returned to the 
farm, and passed the rest of his days there- 
on; he died in 1885, while on a visit to his 
son Albert; his widow is still living. He 
built the first logging railroad in Michigan, 
which was known as the " Barbers rail- 
road. " In his political leanings he was a 
strong Democrat, but never aspired to office, 
and he had the reputation of a worth}-, hon- 
orable citizen, kind-hearted and charitable. 

Albert A. Denton, the subject proper of 
these lines, was educated at the common 
schools of the locality of his boyhood home, 
and remained under the parental roof until 
his marriage. In 1870 he went to Hough- 
ton Lake, and for ten years was there en- 
gaged in lumbering, taking a homestead. In 
1880 he sold out and bought property at 
East Saginaw, Mich., whither he removed 
his famil)', and then took a trip to Central 
America for the purpose of looking up valu- 
able timber, coming direct from there to 
Eagle River, Wis. ; but this was not his first 
visit to Wisconsin, as he had already, some 
years before, traveled considerably through- 
out the State. Here his family rejoined him, 
and in April, 1884, he bought property, built 
the " Denton House," which he conducted 
six years, or till July, 1890, when he sold it. 
Mr. Denton then went on an exploring ex- 
pedition to northern Minnesota, passing 
three years there, having located govern- 
ment land, and then returned to Eagle 
River, where he has since made his home, 
his chief occupation being that of land 
broker and timber estimator. 

In 1868 our subject was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Elizabeth Hart, who was 
born in 1848, daughter of Lewis and Nancy 
(Shermanj Hart, natives of Herkimer 
county, N. Y. , where they were married, and 
whence they came to Michigan about the 
year 1845, settling in Keene township, Ionia 
county, where their daughter Elizabeth was 
born. They were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, their names being: Henrietta, Mary, 
Phebe, Elizabeth, George, Franklin, May- 
land and Milo. The father of these died in 
1888; he was a Republican in politics, and 



served his county as treasurer, also holding 
many minor offices. The mother is yet liv- 
ing. The family are descendants of German 
immigrants who settled in the Mohawk Val- 
ley many years ago. To ^fr. and Mrs. Den- 
ton has been born one child, a son, Louis, 
at present attending school at \'alparaiso, 
Ind. In politics our subject is a Democrat, 
and has been chairman of the town; was as- 
sessor and also postmaster under the Dem- 
ocrat administration; while a resident of 
Michigan he served as postmaster, was 
county treasurer, also sheriff, and held var- 
ious other offices; he assisted in the organiza- 
tion of Roscommon county, Mich. ; was also 
a member of the county board at the time 
of the setting off of Oneida county. Wis. 
He is and has been all his life a typical 
frontiersman, and is recognized as a useful 
citizen and member of the community. 

FIvED M. MASON, county superin- 
tendent of schools, Oneida county, 
with residence at Rhinelander, was 
born at Charleston, S. C, June 3, 
1S42, a grandson of James Mason, a native 
of England, whence, when a boy, he came 
to Virginia with his parents. 

Morgan Afason, father of the subject of 
these lines, was born in Virginia in Febru- 
ary, 1799, at the proper age entered college, 
and was a graduate of Yale, and of Harvard 
Law School. In the State of New York he 
married Anna Morgan, daughter of General 
Morgan of the Revolutionary army, and 
soon after marriage they settled in Charles- 
ton, S. C, where, with the exception of 
the four years during the Civil war they 
lived in Cleveland, Ohio, the father passed 
the rest of his days; the mother died in 
June, 1842. They had a family of children 
as follows: Edward B., Edith A., John Y. , 
Edwin, Ada, Anna, and Fred M. For his 
second wife Morgan Mason married Mrs. 
Catherine Potts, by whom he had two chil- 
dren: Adeline and Ida. The father de- 
parted this life in 1893, a strong loyal 
Southern man to his last hour. He was a 
large planter, owning considerable land, and 
was a judge of the supreme court of the 
State, recognized as an able jurist; during 

the Mexican war, he was colonel of the 
Second South Carolina Infantry, serving in 
that memorable struggle with distinction. 

Our subject, whose name introduces this 
sketch, received his earlier education at the 
State Military Academy, Columbia, S. C. , 
and for three years was a cadet at West 
Point, but did not complete his course. In 
April, 1 86 1, he was detailed into the army 
as instructor of military tactics, and as- 
signed to duty at Cleveland, Ohio. In July, 
same j'ear, he reported to Gen. McClellan, 
who at the time was in West Virginia, and 
had just assumed command of the armj', 
from which time Mr. Mason served under 
Gen. Rosecrans. That same year he was 
taken prisoner by the Confederates, and for 
about eight months was confined in prison, 
chiefly at Salisbury, N. C, and in Libby. 
Being exchanged, he was assigned to duty 
in the U. S. Signal Corps, Army of the 
Potomac, and with that branch of the serv- 
ice he remained until Lee's surrender. On 
June 17, 1S64, he was promoted on the 
field in front of Petersburg, to first lieuten- 
ant, by Gen. Grant, for bravery displayed 
in securing and conveying information to 
Burnside's line in that day's fighting. He 
remained in the regular army until Decem- 
ber 16, 1868, when he resigned on account 
of impaired health, the latter part of his 
soldier life being passed in the Topographi- 
cal Department of the army. After resign- 
ing he went to Bay City, Mich., and for 
four years was manager of A. Ballon & 
Co. 's general store, after which he was, in 
1 87 1, elected CQunty superintendent of Bay 
county, which incumbency he filled four 
years. In 1876 he went to Reed City, 
Mich., where for one year he filled the office 
of county superintendent of schools, and 
three years that of deputy United States 
timber agent. In 1890 he came to Rhine- 
lander, where he took up the business of 
contractor and builder, and in 1894 he was 
elected county superintendent of schools of 
Oneida county. 

On October 13, 1870, Mr. Mason was 
married at Bay City, Mich., to Miss Rhoda 
Ammerman, who was born January 3, 1842, 
daughter of Isaac and Mary (Drake) Ammer- 
man, all natives of New Jersey. The mother 



was a direct descendant of Sir Francis 
Drake, admiral of the British navy during 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The parents 
of Mrs. Mason came to Michigan from New 
Jersey, and both died there, the mother in 
1 89 1, the father in 1893. To our subject 
and wife were born five children, three of 
whom are living: Maude, Eva and Theresa. 
Politically, Mr. Mason is a Republican, 
socially, he is a member of the F. & A. M. , 
I. O. O. F., and G. A. R. 

JA^fES E. LYTLE. This well-known 
and most highly esteemed resident of 
Stevens Point, who is probably the 
oldest living pioneer settler in Portage 
county, was born in Richmond, \'a.. May 
17, 1816. James Lytle, father of our sub- 
ject, and a Southerner by birth, followed 
the trade of ship carpenter. He married 
Miss Hannah Stent, who was born in Eng- 
land, a daughter of an English sea captain 
who owned vessels; but losing her parents 
when young she was adopted by a wealth}' 
Virginia family. James Lytle was accident- 
ally drowned through the capsizing of a boat 
in a wind squall, within sight of his home, 
and while returning to Richmond after a 
year's absence. 

After the death of his father, James E. 
Lytle, then a six-year-old lad, removed with 
his mother to Franklin county, N. Y. , where 
he was reared to manhood, receiving a 
limited education in the district schools, af- 
terward following the occupation of teamster 
and stage dri\er until he was about twenty- 
five years old, when he purchased a farm in 
Hopkinton township, St. Lawrence Co., N. 
Y. , where he continued farming until April, 
1846, the date of his coming to Wisconsin, 
and locating in Pederville (now called Wau- 
kesha). At the end of three years he removed 
to Plover, Portage count}", being among the 
pioneer settlers of the place, and here en- 
gaged in the trades of mason and plasterer 
for about three years, after which he again 
followed agricultural pursuits up to the year 
1870, when, his health failing, he rented his 
farm and took up the subscription-book bus- 
iness as agent for a Chicago publishing 
house, in which line he continued till 1889, 

when he returned to Stevens Point, and 
retired from active business life. 

In 1840, at Fort Covington, N. Y., Mr. 
Lytle was married to Miss Frances Maria 
Diamond, daughter of Enos and Miranda 
(Richmond; Diamond, and nine children 
were born to them, four of whom survive, 
as follows: George Hamlin, residing in 
Rome, Ga. , married to Miss Alice Smith, a 
daughter of Charles and Mary Smith 1 they 
had a family of four children, two of 
whom survive: Frankie May, wife of John 
Ferguson, residing in Knoxville, Tenn., and 
James, at home); Alfred, city engineer of 
Merrill, Lincoln Co. , Wis., married to Miss 
Sarah Nutting (they had four children, 
two yet living: Arthur E. and Bertie A.); 
William, residing in Stevens Point, Wis., 
married June 19, 1878, to Miss Jennie 
Pierce, a daughter of Ira and Rosetta 
(Whitne\) Pierce, natives of Penobscot, 
Maine (they had six children, four of whom 
are living: Maudlin. Earl D., Blanch E., 
and Chester E. j;John D., residing in At- 
lanta, Ga. , married to Miss Nellie Smith 
(now deceased) ihas one living child named 
Elsie Lyliani. 

The mother of the above named family, 
who was born in Magog, Canada, passed 
peacefully from earth, December 3, 1 893, 
at the age of seventy-five years, twenty-five 
days. She was an exemplary Christian wo- 
man, a devoted mother and faithful wife, 
for fifty-four years a consistent member of 
the Methodist Church, as has also been her 
husband. At her demise the following lines 
were contributed by a friend: 

Religion filled her soul with peace. 

Upon a dying' bed: 
Let faith look up, let sorrow cease. 

She lives with Christ o'erhead. 

Yes. faith beholds her where she sits 

With Jesus clothed in white. 
Our loss is her eternal gain; 

She dwells in cloudless light. 

Politically, Mr. Lytle was originally a 
Whig, and since the organization of the 
party has been a stanch Republican, though 
not an active one during the past six years. 
He has served faithfully as treasurer of 
Stockton township. Portage county, and 
also as assessor for six consecutive years, 



and he is known by his neighbors as a friend 
in time of need, a counselor in trouble, and 
a genial companion at all times. 

JENS HANSEN, an e.\tensi\e wagon 
and carriage manufacturer of Wau- 
paca, was born in Boesholm, near 
Helsingor, Nort Sjeland, Denmark, in 
July, 1838, son of H. C. Rasmusson, a 
blacksmith, who made the best wagons and 
carriages in all that region. The father 
married Meta Marie Larson Monk, and to 
them were born the following children: 
Peter (deceased), Jens, Bertha L. , Anna C. 
and Marie (deceased), Petronelle, Rasmina, 
Bentine and Peter, besides two children 
who died in infancy. The mother died in 
1857, and the father subsequently married 
Marion Anderson, by whom he had two 
children: Andrew M., and one who died 
in Denmark. 

Our subject learned the trade of black- 
smith and carriage-maker from his father, 
and received a good common-school educa- 
tion, attending the schools from the age of 
seven to fourteen years. In 1864 he enlist- 
ed in the artillery service of his country, 
serving fourteen months in the war between 
Denmark and Germany, and retiring with 
the rank of corporal. Returning home, he 
assisted in his father's shop until 1869, 
when he emigrated to the United States. 
Waupaca was his destination, and there he 
found work with H. D. Prior, but before 
the close of the year he had purchased the 
business for himself. In 1870 Mr. Hansen 
returned to Denmark, and brought back 
with him his father, who until his death in 
1879 worked in the son's shop. Each year 
Mr. Hansen's business has increased. His 
motto — " Live and let live" — is prominent- 
ly displayed on the shop, and the principle 
is religiously observed in a business way. 
Mr. Hansen employs about twelve men, and 
manufactures wagons, carriages and sleighs, 
besides doing a general blacksmith business 
and handling farm machinery of all kinds. 
In 1S90 he built the handsome and substan- 
tial shop which he now occupies; he has 
also made some extensive investments in 
city real estate. 

Mr. Hansen was married on Christmas 
Day, 1869, to Miss Johanna M. Person, a 
native of Sweden. Her father died in that 
country and the widow with her children — 
two sons (both now deceased) and two 
daughters (both yet living) — came to Ameri- 
ca. Politically Mr. Hansen is a Republi- 
can. Though frequently urged to permit 
the use of his name for office he has invaria- 
bly refused. His religious affiliations are 
with the Danish Lutheran Church, and he 
is a member of the Danish Home Society. 
Mr. Hansen is a thorough business man, 
and one of the substantial and influential 
citizens of Waupaca county. 

GHARLES GIBSON (deceased) was 
for many years one of the leading 
citizens of Lind, Waupaca county. 
He was not content in business mat- 
ters to follow beaten paths, but branched 
out into original and successful enterprises. 
He was energetic in his methods, but his ac- 
tions were controlled by conscience. In- 
tegrity and regard for others marked every 
deed, and his active sympathies and weighty 
influence were enlisted in whatever good 
causes for the public welfare became the 
questions or issues of the day. 

Mr. Gibson was born in St. Armand, 
Canada, April 3, 1833, son of Royal and 
Harriet (Thorn) Gibson. He was reared a 
farmer boy, attending the common schools 
of his home district. In 1853 he came to 
Wisconsin, when a youth of twenty years, 
and settled in Lind, Waupaca county, fol- 
lowing his brother, Hollis, who had migrat- 
ed to the new country the year previous. 
He was married, at Weyauwega, Alarch 27, 
1875, to Miss Fannie L. Rice, who was born 
in Chautauqua county, N. Y., January 10, 
1S47, daughter of Alvaris and Sarah A. 
(Darron) Rice, who migrated to Wisconsin 
soon after, when it was yet a Territory, liv- 
ing for several years in Racine county, and 
in I851 removing to Waupaca county, set- 
tling in Lind, there becoming prominent 
pioneers. Here on the frontier of civiliza- 
tion Mrs. Gibson was reared. The children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Gibson are Ira R. , born 



January i8, 1876; Paul R. , born April 24, 
1878, and Brena C, born July 18, 1881. 

Mr. Gibson died at his home December 
4, 1889, and is buried in Lind Cemetery. 
During earlier life he was a Republican, but 
later became, by conviction and principle, a 
stanch Prohibitionist. He was a leading 
member of the Wesle3'an Church. Perhaps 
none were more active and zealous in relig- 
ious devotion than he. A liberal contributor 
and an officer of the Church, he was one of 
its stanchest supporters. During the civil 
conflict Mr. Gibson took up arms in defense 
of the Nation's perpetuity, and served cred- 
itably and honorably from the time he en- 
listed to the close of the war. In civic life he 
served his fellow men iu various local offices. 
Mr. Gibson was distinctively a self-made 
man. For many years he owned and 
operated a threshing machine throughout 
the county, making solid friends of whomso- 
ever he met in a business relationship. He 
built and operated the pioneer cheese fac- 
tory of his section, and the superiority of 
the product was known far and wide. It 
took the sweepstakes premium at the Wis- 
consin State Fair, also in Iowa and other 
fairs. The factor}' which he built is still in 
operation. Though generous in donations 
for religious and other deserving causes, 
Mr. Gibson was a thorough business man, 
and he left his family in comfortable circum- 
stances. Since his death his widow has had 
charge of the business which he left, and has 
displayed rare judgment and ability in her 
management. She is a member of the Wes- 
leyan Church, and is most highlj- esteemed 
and respected by her hosts of friends. 

WH. ELSBURY, one of the brave 
defenders of the Union who served 
nearly all through the war of the 
Rebellion, is a farmer by vocation 
and one of the oldest settlers in his section 
of Larrabee township, Waupaca county, 
He was born in St. Lawrence county, N. Y. , 
in 1840, the son of James and Mary (Kief) 
Elsbury, natives of England, who came to\ county, N. Y., in an early day. 

James Elsbury was a farmer, and after 
settling in Essex made that for the most 

part his home; his death occurred in 1854, 
and that of his widow in 1881, in Essex 
count}', N. Y. They became the parents of 
the following children: James, residing in 
Essex county, N. Y. ; Martha, widow of 
Amos Boardman, of Essex county, N. Y. ; 
Thomas, residing in Essex county, N. Y. ; 
John, who enlisted for three years in the 
Eighty-fourth X. Y. V. I., and was killed 
June 20, I 864, in front of Petersburg, \'a. ; 
W. H., subject of this sketch; and Mary 
Ann, wife of Peter Long, of Buckbee, Lar- 
rabee township, Waupaca Co., Wisconsin. 

W. H. Elsbury was reared in Essex 
county, N. Y. , to farm life, and educated in 
the schools of that county. In November, 
1 86 1, he enlisted in Company K, Ninety- 
sixth N. Y. V. I., for three years or during 
the war, and was mustered into service at 
Plattsburg, N. Y. He was first in the 
Seventh Army Corps, and was in the Pen- 
insular Campaign. At Williamsburg, in 
1863, he was transferred to the Eighteenth 
Army Corps, and was at Goldsboro, N. C, 
Newbern, and Suffolk, N. C. In 1864 he 
again enlisted, in the same company and 
regiment, for three years or doing the war, 
and went to City Point, Va., Drury's Bluff, 
Fredericksburg, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, 
and thence in front of Richmond, \'a. , and 
was stationed there and at Fredericksburg. 
He was honorably discharged at City Point, 
\'a. , February 6, 1 866, and mustered out 
as corporal. He then returned to Essex 
county, N. Y., remained till July, 1866, 
then came to Oshkosh, Winnebago Co., 
Wis., and worked at day's labor until, in 
1869, he came to Clintonville, Larrabee 
township, Waupaca county, then a small 
place, and remained there two years. At that 
time there were in Clintonville and in all 
Larrabee township only forty-two voters. 

At Clintonville, Waupaca Co., Wis., in 
1869, W. H. Elsbury was united in marriage 
with Miss Catharine Quinn, and they have 
become the parents of seven children, 
namely: Michael, Mary Ann (wife of Louis 
Bohanan, of Keshena, Shawano Co., Wis)., 
William, Frederick, Maggie, John and 
Martha. Mrs. ^^'. H. Elsbury is the daugh- 
ter of Michael and Margaret (McGrath) 
Ouinn, natives of Ireland now deceased. Mr. 



Elsbury bought a tract of eighty acres in the 
woods with no clearing, in Section 2 1 , Lar- 
rabee township, where he now resides, and 
here located in 1871. At that time there 
was only one other family in this section, 
and he cut a road through the forest to get 
to his farm. This property he has since 
improved, and he now has fifty acres cleared. 
In 1 888 he erected here a story-and-a-half 
frame house, 18 x 26 feet in the main part, 
and with an L 16 x 24 feet. As a pioneer 
of this section of Waupaca county he has 
seen much of its development from its prim- 
itive condition. In political belief Mr. 
Elsbury is a Republican, and takes an active 
interest in the affairs of the partj-. He has 
been a member of the school board, and 
chairman of the township for one term. 

WILLIAM H. McINTYRE is one of 
Portage count3''s native sons. He 
was born in Belmont township, 
September 16, 1861, and comes of 
one of the honored pioneer families of Wis- 
consin. His father, William Mclntyre, 
was born in New York about 1829, and in 
an early daj- came with his parents to the 
Badger State, the family locating in Milford 
township, Jefferson county. His school 
privileges were those afforded in the neigh- 
borhood, and he was reared upon the home 
farm, the days of his youth being quietly 
passed. In the family were five children, 
Abraham, William, Henry, Eliza and 
Amanda, and they shared in the experiences 
and hardships peculiar to life on the frontier. 
In Belmont township. Portage county, 
in December, i860, at the home of the 
bride, was celebrated the marriage of Will- 
iam Mclntyre, Sr. , and Clara Turner, who 
had removed with her family from Jefferson 
count)'. The young couple began house- 
keeping in Milford township, Jefferson 
county, upon a farm owned by the husband, 
but after a time took up their residence in 
Belmont township, where October 2, 1861, 
Mr. Mclntyre joined the Third Wisconsin 
Light Artillery and went to the war. On 
December i, following, he returned to Jef- 
ferson county, where his wife had passed 
the time of his absence with his parents. 

Two weeks later he was taken with measles 
and after a five-days' illness passed away, 
Januarys, 1862, his remains being interred 
in Milford township. In politics he was a 
Republican, and he was a highly respected 
citizen. After his death, Mrs. Mclntyre 
went to her father's home, and afterward 
married John M. Collier. 

William H. Mclntyre, who is the only 
child, acquired his elementary education in 
the schools of the neighborhood, which 
was supplemented with a short attendance 
at the State Normal School, where he pre- 
pared himself for teaching, a profession he 
followed in District No. 5, Belmont town- 
ship. He lived with his mother for some 
time after her second marriage, or until his 
own marriage, which was celebrated in 
Waupaca, Wis., April 12, 1888, the lady 
of his choice being Miss Anna Wagner, who 
was born in Almond township, Portage 
county, June 20, 1863, a daughter of 
Michael and Elizabeth (Rice; Wagner, the 
former a native of France, the latter of 
Illinois. Mrs. Mclntyre obtained her ed- 
ucation in the Oshkosh Normal School, and 
at the age of nineteen began teaching, 
which profession she successfully followed 
eleven terms. By her marriage she has be- 
come the mother of an interesting little son, 
Milan H., born June 21, 1890. 

Upon his marriage, Mr. Mclntyre 
rented the farm which is now his home, and 
in 1891 he became its owner, the tract com- 
prising 150 acres in Section 17, Belmont, 
one-half of which has been placed under the 
plow and yields to him a good income in re- 
turn for the care and labor he bestows upon 
it. He is recognized as a prosperous young 
farmer of good business and executive abil- 
ity, who through his own efforts has become 
well-to-do, and is an intelligent young man, 
highly esteemed b\- all who know him. By 
his ballot he supports the Republican 

JOSEPH GLINSKI, one of the most 
enterprising and successful tailors of 
Stevens Point, Portage count}-, is a 
native of Poland, born September 17, 
1858, in Valental, County of Starogart, a 



son of Joseph and Josephine (Pawlowski) 
Ghnski, who were born in same country. The 
father was a stock buyer, becoming a very 
successful man. At his death, which occur- 
red in 1 868, he left five children, all of whom 
are still living, to wit: Frank, a saloon 
keeper at Stevens Point; Joseph, subject of 
sketch: Jacob, a tailor of Stevens Point, 
now in the employ of his brother, Joseph; 
Effie, wife of Joseph Jekobouski, who is also 
employed b\' our subject; and Mary, wife of 
E. L. Blodgett, a merchant of Stevens Point. 

Mr. Glinski, whose name appears at the 
beginning of this record, received his educa- 
tion in the common schools of Germany, 
and then at the age of sixteen commenced 
to learn his trade. In 1872 the family 
started for America, embarking on the sail- 
ing vessel, " Agda," and after a long and 
stormy voyage of eleven weeks and three days 
they landed at Quebec, Canada. They did 
not remain long in that city, however, but 
came direct to Milwaukee, Wis., where the}' 
made their home some eight months. On 
leaving the latter city the family removed to 
Stevens Point, where Mr. Lubinski purchased 
160 acres of wild timber land, and our subject 
aided in clearing and developing the same. 
The farm was sold, however, at the end of 
a 3-ear and a half, and the family then re- 
moved to Stevens Point, where the step- 
father began working at the tailor's trade, 
which he still continues. The mother's death 
occurred in the fall of 1891, at the age of 
sixty-three years. Mr. Glinski was em- 
ployed b}' others until 1881, when he began 
business for himself. In 1891 he purchased 
a lot and erected a two-story brick building 
82x25 feet, in which he now carries on 
business and has an excellent trade. By- 
good management he has gained a liberal 
patronage, and now has in his employ fifteen 
men. He has one of the leading tailoring 
establishments of the city. 

In 1879 Mr. Glinski was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Paulina M. Boyar, a daugh- 
ter of John and Marthina Boyar, and one 
of a family of children, as follows: Paul- 
ina M., Leo, John, Jr., Frank, Ragan, 
Joseph, Mary, Anna, August and Adam 
(twins), Catherine, Alexander, Anthony, 
Bernard, all of whom are living with the ex- 

ception of Anthonj-. The parents of this 
family were both born in Poland, in which 
country the father was engaged as a brewer, 
and also followed the same business after 
coming to America; but he and his wife are 
now living retired at Stevens Point. The 
family crossed the Atlantic in 1863. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Glinski have been born the 
following children: Mary, Joseph, Jr., John, 
De Loss, Varona, Ganewefa and Chesle}-, 
all of whom are still with their parents. 

Mr. Glinski has held a number of offices 
of honor and trust in Stevens Point, includ- 
ing that of alderman, which he filled for five 
years — from 1888 to 1893. He has always 
been faithful to every trust reposed in him 
whether public or private, and is held in the 
highest esteem and confidence. With St. 
Peter's Catholic Church he holds member- 
ship, and has served as secretary of the 
same, while socially he belongs to the Cath- 
olic Knights of Wisconsin, Catholic Forest- 
ers of Wisconsin, St. Peter's Society, and 
the Sacred Heart Society. 

EMIL RUDER (deceased), who for 
some twelve years conducted the 
well-known brewery owned by him 
at Merrill, Lincoln county, was born 
November 29, 1859, at Stevens Point, Wis., 
a son of George and Louisa (Schmidt) 

George Ruder was born September 7, 
1827, in Nuremberg, Bavaria, and was a 
son of Wolfe and Katrina Ruder. The 
family are of German ancestry, and Wolfe 
Ruder, as was his father before him, was 
born in Germany. George Ruder was edu- 
cated in his native land, and in early life 
learned the trade of brewer in his father's 
brewery, afterward worked at his trade in 
some of the large cities of Europe, and 
traveled extensively through Germany. In 
1S54 he came to the United States, locating 
first in Milwaukee, where he worked at his 
trade upward of two years, and then, in 
1856, he removed to Stevens Point, Portage 
county, purchased a brewery there, and con- 
ducted it some four years. At Stevens Point 
he married Miss Louisa Schmidt, who was 
born in the Province of Posen, Germany, 



April 25, 1835, and children as follows were 
born to them: Louis, Emil, Herman, 
Louisa, Clara, Emma (wife of Henry Mom- 
bart, residing in Wausau), Edward (in Mer- 
rill, Lincoln county), Henry (in Wausau, 
Marathon county), William and Lena, of 
whom Emil, Louisa and Lena are now de- 
ceased. In i860 George Ruder removed to 
Wausau, Marathon county, and there 
erected a brewery w^hich he conducted up to 
1887, when he retired from active business, 
the following year, accompanied by his wife 
and daughter, Emma, visiting his native 
land, and spending upward of twelve 
months in travel and sight-seeing, among 
other places visiting Berlin and Munich. 
His death occurred December 29, 1893, at 
Milwaukee, Wis., whither he had gone for 
medical treatment, and was buried in ^^'au- 
sau cemetery. He was a member of the 
L O. O. F., was president of the village, 
and alderman of the city of \\'ausau four 

Emil Ruder, whose name appears at the 
opening of this sketch, on leaving school 
entered his father's brewery in Wausau, in 
order to learn the business, and in 1882 ac- 
companied him to Merrill. Here in 18S6 
he bought the brewery built by his father, 
and which he enlarged and improved, con- 
ducting same until his death, which occurred 
May 23, 1894. He left a widow and six 
children to mourn the early taking away of 
a loving husband and kind, indulgent father, 
besides many sorrowing friends who knew 
him as an active business man, generous- 
hearted and highly respected by all. Polit- 
ically a Democrat, he served the city of 
Merrill as alderman; socially, he was a 
member of the Sons of Hermann, and a 
member of the Order of Druids of Merrill, 
and of the German Benevolent Society. 

On July 27, 1884, Mr. Ruder was mar- 
ried, in Wausau, Wis., to Jiliss Mary La;s- 
sig, who was born in Chicago, 111., daughter 
of Edward and Janette (Baenen) Laessig, 
w^ho were the parents of twelve children : Ed- 
ward, Mary, Henry, Augusta, Minnie, Fred- 
erick, Frank, Charles, Louis, Julia, Anna 
and Nellie, the last named dying in infancy. 
The father was born July 15, 1S35, in 
Saxony, Germany, whence when a young 

man he came to America, and for several 
years worked as a common laborer. In 
1856, in Chicago, 111., he married Miss 
Janette Baenen, who w-as born in Holland, 
in January. 1838, and same year came to 
America with her parents, who had a family 
of seven children, namely: Frank. Mary, 
Janette, John, Henry, Bell and Minnie. 
After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Laessig moved 
to Green Bay, Wis., and there resided nine 
years, when they moved to Wausau, and at 
the end of four years bought a farm in Mar- 
athon county. Wis., whither they removed 
and where they are yet residing. The chil- 
dren born to Emil Ruder are Lena, Lizzie, 
George, Edward, Willie and baby Emil. 

William Ruder, a younger son of the late 
George Ruder, by his wife, Louisa (Schmidt), 
was born in \\'ausau. Wis., Aug. 12, 1873. 
Until he was fifteen years of age he attended 
school at Wausau, and then went to Mil- 
waukee, where he took a course in a business 
college in that city, graduating from same in 
June, 1889. In the following August he 
came to Merrill, where he entered the em- 
ploy of his brother Emil, in the capacity of 
bookkeeper, collector, etc., positions he 
held until the death of the latter, since when 
he has had entire charge of the business for 
behoof of the widow. Though yet a young 
man, he has made many friends among the 
business men of Merrill. In his political 
affiliation he is a sound Democrat, while 
socially he is a member of the Sons of Her- 
mann, the German Benevolent Society and 
the Order of Druids of Merrill, of which 
latter he is secretary. 

On April 24, 1894, W^illiam Ruder and 
Theresa Bott were married at Wausau, 
Wis. She is a native of Illinois, born at 
Rockford, daughter of Marcus and Eva 
(Harris) Bott, who were the pare'nts of five 
children: Theresa, Tillie, John, Frank, 
and one that died in infancy. Mr. Bott was 
a native of Germany, and came to America 
when a young man; a mason by trade, he 
followed it successfully until his death in 
Merrill, April, 1885. His widow was born 
in Wisconsin, near Milwaukee; she remar- 
ried, her second husband being Henry J. 
Hampel, by whom she has two children: 
Henry and George. 



CALVIN CHAFEE, proprietor of a 
first-class livery stable in Rhine- 
lander, Oneida county, is a native of 
New York State, born October 25, 
1835, in Hulburton, Orleans county, of 
Scottish ancestry. 

Isaac Chafee, grandfather of oursubject, 
was born December 26, 1768, perhaps in 
Scotland, but more probably, it is thought, 
in America; he was married in the latter 
country to Mary Burnside, born in the New 
England States. Nine children Were the 
result of this union, viz. : Rufus, Adolphus, 
Mary, Isaac M. (i), Walter, Lucinda, Isaac 
M. (2), Llo3'd and Isaac M. (3), of whom 
Isaac M. (ij, Lucinda and Isaac M. (2) are 
deceased. The father of these, who was a 
musical instrument maker, died March 8, 
1835, the mother in December, 1848. 

Lloyd Chafee, father of Calvin, was born 
at Guildhall, Essex Co., \i.. May 12, 1S12, 
and married Elizabeth Garnsey, who was 
born at Stamford, Conn., October 7, 1S17, 
daughter of Ezra and Lanah (Bennett) 
Garnsey, natives of Connecticut, the father 
born April 12, 1780, the mother on March 
II, 1787; they both died in New York 
State, he in 1857, she Febuary 3, 1856, the 
parents of twelve children, named respect- 
ively: Catherine, Rosetta B., Sarah A., 
Jesse H., Solomon S., James B., Phcebe S., 
Elizabeth, Samuel B., ^VilliamH., Ezra M. 
and Leonard H. To Mr. and Mrs. Chafee 
were born fourteen children — Calvin, Emily 
M., Edward and Edwin (twinsj, Charles, 
Sarah, Emeline S., Franklin, Henry, Leon- 
ard, Ezra G., Lanah B., Rufus and Rosetta 
E. — nine of whom lived to maturity. In 
1845 Lloyd Chafee brought his family to 
Wisconsin, and for one year he worked at 
his trade, shoemaking, at Watertown, Jef- 
ferson county, and then for eight years 
carried on agricultural pursuits on a farm 
near Oshkosh, after which he moved to 
Waushara county, passing the rest of his 
days on a farm there, at the same time 
working at his trade. He died in Waushara 
county, November 28, 1872, his wife sur- 
viving him until September 25, 1893. Mr. 
Chafee was a well-read man and well- 
informed on all topics, a leader among men, 
holding manv local offices of honor and 

trust, and taking a wide interest in educa- 
tional affairs. Sociallj', he was a member 
of the F. & A. M. 

Calvin Chafee, the subject proper of 
these lines, who was ten years old when the 
family came to Wisconsin, received a fairl}- 
liberal education at the common schools of 
the period, and being the eldest in the 
famil}' early in life commenced assisting his 
father in clearing the farms, so continuing 
until he reached his majority. He then 
worked in the lumber woods, winters, and 
running the river, summers, until his mar- 
riage, when he settled on his farm in 
Waushara county, which he successfully 
conducted till 1891, the j'ear of his com- 
ing to Rhinelander. and engaging in his 
present prosperous livery stable business. 
In June, 1861, he was married to Miss 
Tamar E. Rozell, who was born October 30, 
1 84 1, in Tioga county, Penn., daughter of 
Hopkins D. and Catherine (Cooper) Rozell, 
the former of whom was a son of James 
Rozell, who in his younger days was a dyer, 
in later life a farmer, and was married to 
Lucia Byron, by whom he had five children: 
Hopkins D. , Edwin, Alfred, William and 
Susan. The famil}- came to Wisconsin in 
1855. Hopkins D. Rozell was a native of 
Dutchess county, N. Y., born June 23, 
1873, and died in Waushara county, Wis., 
January 6, 1891. He was a shoemaker by 
trade, and also followed farming. His wife, 
Catherine (Cooper) Rozell, was born in 
New York, in 18 14, and died in Februar\', 
1894, in Wisconsin. To Mr. and Mrs. Cal- 
vin Chafee were born si.x children: Robert 
E. (now a druggist in Rhinelander), Cather- 
ine E. (married to William M. Weld, a 
farmer of Waushara county. Wis.), Frank 
H. (deceased at the age of three years), 
Leonard H., Letta (who died in infancy) 
and Charles E. 

On November 21, 1863, Mr. Chafee en- 
listed in Company G, Thirtieth Wis. V. I., 
and received an honorable discharge Sep- 
tember 20, 1865. His regiment served in 
the West, chiefly on detail duty, only one 
company at a time being stationed at any 
point. Our subject has been a Republican 
since the organization of the party, and held 
public offices of trust in Waushara county 



some twenty j-ears. He has been an active 
Freemason for a long time, and is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R. The entire family are 
identified with the M. E. Church. 

JOHN F. SAWYER, a substantial citi- 
zen of Wausau, Marathon county, was 
born in Hampden, Maine, November 8, 
1 85 1. His parents, Emerson M. and 
Sarah Patterson Sawyer, were both born in 
the State of Maine, of English and Scotch an- 
cestry, and were early settlers of Waupaca 
county, Wis., having located in the town- 
ship of Dayton, in that county, in 1855. 

To Emerson M. Sawyer and his wife was 
born a family of nine children, of whom six 
are living, namely: R. Dwynel, a member 
of the Wausau city fire department; Charles 
H., residing in Minneapolis, Minn.; John 
F. , the subject of this sketch; Arthur E., 
residing in Chicago; Rual Willis, an agri- 
culturist in the township of Dayton, Wau- 
paca county; and Edward C, in Traill 
county, N. Dak. James O. Sawyer, the 
eldest son in the family, served in Company 
G, Eighteenth Wis. V. I., and died in hos- 
pital in Indiana from the effects of hardships 
incurred during the war. After locating in 
Dayton township, in 1855, Emerson M. 
Sawyer engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
Dayton township, and in Marion, Dupont 
township, Waupaca county, until about 
1884, when he retired from active business 
life and made his home with his son John, 
coming with him to Wausau on his removal 
here. He is still living, at the advanced 
age of eighty-three years. His wife, Sarah, 
mother of the family above mentioned, died 
at Marion, Dupont township, Waupaca 
county, in 1888. 

John F. Sawyer was reared a farmer's 
boy, and educated in the public schools of 
Waupaca county. After leaving school he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1883, 
during which period he operated a threshing 
machine throughout Waupaca county. In 
the village of Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence 
township, ^^'aupaca county, August 6, 1871, 
John F. Sawyer married Annie Shannon, 
and they have three children, namely: 
Schuyler C, a harness maker, residing at 

Rhinelander, Oneida Co., Wis.; Clyde S., 
a harness maker at Wausau, Marathon 
county; and Erdix A., at home. The par- 
ents of Mrs. Sawyer, John and Harriet 
(Dewey) Shannon, were born on Wolfe 
Island, Canada. 

In 1883 Mr. Sawyer went to Marion, Du- 
pont township, Waupaca county, and was 
in the livery business there until 1893, in 
February of which year he removed to 
Wausau, Marathon county, continuing here 
the same occupation. For eight or ten 
years he was engaged in teaming provisions, 
etc., from Wausau to the lumber camps as 
far as Eagle River, Onedia Co. , Wis. , and 
also to Escanaba, Mich., the round trip oc- 
cupying thirteen days, and during this time 
he had many thrilling adventures with wild 
animals. Mr. Sawyer conducts one of the 
largest and best equipped livery stables in 
Wausau, and is highly respected as an 
honorable and upright business man and a 
valuable citizen. In political views he is 
liberal. The family attend the Methodist 

GILBERT GILSON belongs to that 
class of sturdy Norwegians who 
have been an important factor in 
the upbuilding and development of 
Waupaca county. He was born June i, 
1839, in Norway, as was his father, Gilbert 
Christenson, whose birth occurred in the 
year 1800. The latter followed lumbering 
in his native country, and was there united in 
marriage with Martha Larson, whose birth 
occurred in Norway in 1802. The grand- 
father. Christen Erickson, was a man of 
considerable prominence and influence in 
the community in which he made his home, 
and two of his sons were soldiers in the war 
which occurred between Norway and Swe- 
den from 1807 to 1 814, and helped to gain 
for the former her freedom and her new 

In 1852 Mr. Christenson left his old 
home, and bidding good-by to friends 
and native land sailed with his family for 
the United States. He located in Norway 
township, Racine Co., Wis., where he 
worked as a common laborer for about a 

1 62 


year. In 1853 he came to Scandinavia 
township, Waupaca county, and purchased 
160 acres of land, to the development and 
improvement of which he devoted his en- 
ergies until his death, which occurred in 
1877. His wife survived him two years, 
passing away in 1879. They were ad- 
herents of the Lutheran faith, and in politics 
he was a Republican. Gilbert Gilson, our 
subject, was thirteen years of age when he 
came to America. He attended school but 
three months; but being naturally talented 
and fond of study he through his own efforts 
obtained a good education, and is recog- 
nized as one of the most intellectual men 
of his township. His early boyhood days 
were passed upon his father's farm, but 
when he was still quite young he engaged as 
a postal clerk in the Waupaca postoffice, in 
which position he efficiently served for three 
years. He was then employed in a drug store 
in Waupaca for a period of two years, after 
which he worked in the pineries until the 
breaking out of the Civil war. He was 
deeply interested in the events which at- 
tended the opening of that struggle, and in 
1863 he offered his services to the govern- 
ment, becoming one of the " boys in blue " 
of Company K, Tenth Wis. V. I. After- 
ward he was transferred to Company D, 
Twenty-fourth Wis. V. I., and subsequently 
became a member of Company B, Third 
Wisconsin Veteran Regiment. He took 
part in the battles of Resaca, Altoona, 
Kenesaw Mountain and Peach Tree Creek, 
and when the South had laid down its arms, 
and the war was over, he was honorably 
discharged at Louisville, Ky.,in July, 1865. 
He now receives a pension from the govern- 
ment, for the hardships of army life caused 
disability from which he has never yet fully 

When his services were no longer needed, 
Mr. Gilson at once returned to his home, 
and purchased a farm of 100 acres in Scan- 
dinavia township. Since that time he has 
followed farming, and is numbered among 
the representative agriculturists of the com- 
munit}', for his practical and progressive 
ideas make him a leader among his fellow 
townsmen. His life has been a busy and 
useful one, yet he has found time to devote 

to public interests, having filled various 
offices of honor and trust in his township. 
He has served as township supervisor, for 
three years was chairman of the board, was 
assessor, is now serving as town clerk, and 
for twenty-two consecutive years has been 
justice of the peace. His long service well 
indicates his fidelity to duty and the confi- 
dence aud trust reposed in him. In his 
social relations he is connected with the 
Grand Army Post, while in religious faith 
he is connected with the Lutheran Church, 
as are the members of his family. 

Mr. Gilson was married in Waupaca, 
November 26, 1862, to Miss Emily Jagers, 
daughter of Jager and Betsy Thompson, 
who were natives of Norway, in which 
country Mrs. Gilson was born in 1837. 
They became the parents of six children, of 
whom Martha, and two sons, both named 
Gilbert J., are now deceased. Josephine 
B. is the wife of Nels Dalielson; Gustave 
Martin and Louis Christian are at home. 

born in Milwaukee, Wis., October 
21, 1850, and is descended from an- 
cestors who have long resided in this 
country. His grandfather, William Hart- 
well, was born in New York, and followed 
the occupation of farming. He wedded 
Betsy Heath, and their si.x sons were named 
John, William, Horace, Orin, Lewis and 
George. During the war of 1 8 1 2 grandfather 
Hartwell served as an infantry soldier. 

John Hartwell, father of our subject, 
was born in Cattaraugus count}', N. Y. , in 
1 8 14, and he, too, carried on agricultural 
pursuits. In the Empire State he wedded 
Mary Ray, daughter of John and Mary Ray, 
the former of whom was a major general in 
the Revolution, serving with great distinc- 
tion in that struggle. In his family were 
five children — Otis, Mary, Marcia, Augusta, 
and Caroline. John Hartwell and his wife 
had four children — Theresa, Frances, Au- 
gusta and Adelbert. The father became one 
of the early settlers of Milwaukee, \\'is. , and 
purchased a farm which is now comprised in 
the center of that city. The family located 
in Shiawassee county, Mich., in 1855, and 



there the mother died the following year, 
after which the father wedded Mrs. Merriam, 
a widow lad}'. The children on the death 
of their mother had returned to Wisconsin 
to live with their grandfather, who in the 
meantime had removed from New York to 
Pewaukee, Waukesha Co., Wis., where he 
died in 1875. John Hartwell passed away 
in 1877. 

Adelbert S. Hartwell was a child of only 
si.\ summers when his mother died, and he 
then went to live with his grandfather with 
whom he remained until i860, when he 
went to the western part of the State and 
resided with an uncle two years. At the age 
of fourteen he commenced the battle of life 
for himself, sometimes working on the river, 
and again on a farm in Minnesota. At the 
age of fifteen he went into the lumber woods 
and securing employment in a sawmill 
worked his way steadily upward, having for 
the past six years held the responsible posi- 
tion of head sawyer with the Upham Manu- 
facturing Company. 

In 1879, Mr. Hartwell married Miss 
Imogene Manning, a nati\-e of Jefferson 
county, Wis., and daughter of Adkins and 
Helen (Grover) Manning, the former a na- 
tive of New York, the latter of Wisconsin. 
They lived upon a farm in Jefferson county 
and had three children: Imogene, Lucia and 
Clara. The mother died in 1866, the father 
in 1880. Mr. Hartwell was called upon to 
mourn the loss of his wife in 1888, and in 
October, 1891, he married Anna Judson, 
who was born in Rome, Jefferson Co. , Wis., 
a daughter of Lyman T. and Angeline 
(Foss) Judson. Her father was born in 
Canada in 1829, and during the Civil war 
served for three years in the First Wiscon- 
sin Artillery, when he was honorably dis- 
charged. His wife was a native of Wiscon- 
sin, and died in 1884, leaving three children. 
Anna, Willis E. and Ernest. The father is 
now living with his daughter, Mrs. Hart- 
well, who by her marriage has one son. 
Earl Adelbert. 

Mr. Hartwell exercises his right of fran- 
chise in support of the Republican party, 
and has been honored with several local of- 
fices, including that of alderman, while resid- 
ing in Merrill, Wis. He belongs to the 

Masonic, Knights of Pythias and Modern 
Woodmen fraternities, and is a plain, unas- 
suming man, devoting himself to his busi- 
ness interests, and by his quiet, upright life 
has won the respect and confidence of all 
with whom he has been brought in contact. 

AW. SHELTON, a leading attorney 
at law of Oneida county, with res- 
idence at Rhinelander, is a native 
of Minnesota, born in 1859 at New- 
port, a son of Charles N. and Ann Shelton. 
He graduated from the University of 
Wisconsin in the engineering course in 
1883, in the law course in 1885, and in Jan- 
uary of the following year commenced the 
practice of law in Rhinelander. From 
1 89 1 to 1893 he served as district attorney 
of Oneida county, and from 1894 to 1895 
was city attorney of Rhinelander. In 1892 
he bought the Rhinelander Herald, and 
organized the Herald Publishing Co., of 
which he is president, Mrs. Shelton being 
secretary. Our subject has been connected, 
with uniform success, with all of the munici- 
pal litigation which followed the organiza- 
tion of Oneida county, which litigation has 
been considerable, and, some of it, im- 
portant. In 1886, at Oregon, Wis., he was 
united in marriage with Mary M. Howe, 
daughter of Judge Isaac Howe and Sarah 
Howe. Mrs. Shelton graduated from the 
University of Wisconsin in 1884, and re- 
ceived the degree of Master of Science in 
History from that institution in 1892. After 
her marriage she was superintendent of 
schools for Oneida county from 1887 to 
1889, and, again, from 1893 to 1895. At 
the present time she is a member of the 
School board of the city of Rhinelander. 


ARTEN HANSEN. The love of 
home and native land, and the 
love of liberty and wider oppor- 
tunities, have waged a long war- 
fare in the mind of this most estimable 
citizen and prosperous merchant of Wau- 
paca. Thrice he has emigrated to America, 
and twice has he returned to the Danish 
hearthstone intending to remain there. The 



love of home is strongly implanted in the 
heart of the Dane, and it costs a great 
struggle to cast aside relatives and life- 
time, or even inherited, associations, and to 
transplant one's self to an unknown soil 
where conditions are new and strange. This 
intense affection for home is one of the 
strongest and most valuable traits of hu- 
manit}-. It is the feeling which makes 
patriots of the highest type, and it is a 
happy circumstance indeed that the Upper 
Wisconsin Valley has been settled so largely 
by people of this class. 

Marten Hansen was born in Denmark 
April I, 1840, the son of Hans and Ellen 
(Hansen) Jacobson, whose si.\ children were 
Jacob, Bodel, Kaun, Marten, and two who 
died in infancy. Hans Jacobson was a 
weaver of cloth, and died in 1 849 when 
Marten, the youngest living child, was nine 
years old. Marten attended school until he 
was fourteen years of age, and in 1855 was 
apprenticed to a shoemaker, for whom he 
worked three 3'ears for his board. He was 
ambitious, and in i860, at the age of 
twenty, he started a shop of his own in the 
village of Karleby. But his advance to- 
ward a competence was slow, and in 1866 
he came to America. For two years he 
worked steadily at his trade in Oshkosh, 
Wis., and in 1S68 he came to Waupaca, 
becoming a workman in the shop of Ole 
Larson. Here he remained four years, lay- 
ing by a neat little sum of money. In the 
summer of 1872 he returned to Denmark, 
and while there married Karen Jergensen, 
by whom he has had three children: Chris- 
tian H., Charles and Erwin Hansen. Re- 
maining in his native land ten months Mr. 
Hansen, in the spring of 1873, returned 
with his wife to Waupaca. Here he worked 
for others until 1876, when he started in 
business for himself. Though he prospered he 
was not yet wholly reconciled to America, 
and in 1883 he returned to Denmark with 
his family, intending to remain there. But 
he saw the contrast between the new and 
the old, and the conditions of life under the 
old order of things grew distasteful. After 
a ten-months' visit Mr. Hansen crossed the 
Atlantic ocean for the fifth time, and once 
more become the industrious and faithful 

shoe merchant at Waupaca. In 1893 he 
erected the handsome and substantial block 
in which his store is now located; he has 
also built for himself a line residence. Both 
he and his wife are members of the Luther- 
an Church, and in politics he is a Republi- 
can. His eldest son is a photographer; the 
second is a clerk in the city postoffice. Mr. 
Hansen is pleasantly situated in life, and is 
one of the prosperous and successful busi- 
ness men of Waupaca. 

ALBERT F. GERWING is numbered 
among the self-made men of Marsh- 
field, Wood county, and has been 
prominently connected with the bus- 
iness and political history of that city. 
Public-spirited and progressive, he labors for 
the best interests of the community in 
which he resides, and in public and private 
life is both an honored and respected 

Mr. Gerwing was born in the town of 
Hubbard, Dodge Co., Wis., March 23, 
1853, and is of German lineage. The grand- 
father, William Gerwing, was born in Ger- 
many, and there died of cholera at the age 
of forty-five years, leaving a widow and 
three children — one son and two daugh- 
ters. The son, who also bore the 
name of William, was born in Germany 
in 1 8 18, and, learning the trade of a 
brick maker, followed that pursuit for a 
number of years. Ere leaving his native 
land he married Wilhelmina Risse, daugh- 
ter of Fred Risse, who for seven years, 
from 1807 to 1 8 14, was a soldier in the 
German army. During his service he was 
twice wounded, and he carried the King off 
the field when he was wounded. In 1848 
Mr. Gerwing sailed with his famil}' for the 
New World, and located upon a farm in 
Dodge county, Wis., which is still the home 
of himself and wife. He too was a soldier 
for three years while living in Europe, and 
in America he has ever been a loyal citizen, 
faithful to the interests of his adopted land. 
In the family were seven children, of whom 
William, Charles and Albert F. are living; 
August, Ernstena, Louisa and Henry are 



Upon the old homestead Albert F. 
Gerwing was reared, attending the common 
and parochial schools, and remaining with 
his parents until nineteen years of age when 
he began to earn his own livelihood. He 
was employed in various ways during the 
succeeding five years, working as a farm 
hand, in the lumber woods and in hotels. 
He then married, and settling in Marathon 
county. Wis., five miles north of Marsh- 
field, on a tract of wild land, he at once be- 
gan to clear and improve it, continuing its 
cultivation through the succeeding seven 
years. In T883 he entered into a general 
merchandise business in Boj'd, Chippewa 
county. There he remained a year and a 
half, coming in 1884 to Marshfield, where 
he carried on the same line of business until 
his establishment wag destroyed in the great 
Marshfield fire of 1887. He was a heavy- 
loser, but with indomitable perseverance he 
began anew and continued the business un- 
til the fall of 1 89 1. In the spring of 1892 
he was appointed city marshal and has 
thrice been re-appointed, serving in a highly 
creditable and able manner. In this com- 
munity his name inspires confidence in the 
honest man and causes terror to the evil 
doer. Fearless in the defense of his duty 
his trustworthiness and fidelity are well 
known, and he is accounted one of the most 
capable officers that has ever served as city 

In 1876 Mr. Gerwing married Cornelia 
Jacquot, who was born in 1854 in Outaga- 
mie county, Wis., a daughter of John Jac- 
quot, a native of France, born in 1820, and 
who came with his parents to America when 
quite young. His father, John Jacquot, a 
soldier of the French army, married Blanche 
Malarr, and had a family of seven children. 
The father of Mrs. Gerwing wedded Mary 
Linton, a native of Germany, who came to 
America with her father when a maiden of 
eleven summers, the mother having died in 
Germany. For many years Mr. and Mrs. 
Jacquot resided in Greenville township, 
Outagamie county, the father carrying on 
agricultural pursuits until his death, which 
occurred in 1S83; his wife survived him until 
1 89 1. Their family numbered si.x children — 
Alexander, Cornelia, Helen, Seraphine, 

Martin and John. Mrs. Gerwing's uncle, 
Lawrence, was a soldier in the Civil war for 
three and one-half years, bravely aiding in 
the defense of the Union. 

Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Gerwing, two of whom are yet living: 
Helen and Ida; Mary died at the age of 
fourteen, and Henrietta in infancy. The 
family have in Marshfield a fine home which 
is always open for the reception of their 
many friends. In politics Mr. Gerwing is a 
Democrat, and served both as alderman and 
supervisor while living in Marathon county. 
He is a member of the I. O. O. F., has 
filled all the chairs in the local lodge and 
has also attended the grand lodge. His life 
has been one of industry and enterprise, 
plain and unassuming, yet honorable and 
upright, and thus living so as to win the re- 
spect of all he has gained a large circle of 
warm friends. 

CHARLES TYRRELL, a successful 
agriculturist of Bear Creek township, 
Waupaca county, was born April 
18, 1845, in Ontario, Canada, and is- 
a son of John and Mary (Le Grue) Tyrrell. 

Charles Tyrrell remained at home until 
1865, when he assumed his own responsibil- 
ities, and has since maintained himself. On 
November 6, 1865, he was married to Mary 
Margaret Tyrrell, his cousin, and who is the 
daughter of George and Angeline (Perry) 
Tyrrell. Seven children have been born to 
them, as follows: Harry Albert, September 
28, 1867; Lorenzo Irving, December 8, 
1S69; William F., March 16, 1871; Lida 
Etta, April 10, 1873; Addie Addelide, May 
24, 1876; Ada Elnora, June 2, 1879; and 
Charles E., July 28, 1882. Of these, Lor- 
enzo I. died October 24, 1885, and Lida E. 
February 28, 1874. After their marriage 
they lived on the farm owned by Mrs. Tyr- 
rell's father for about three months, and 
then removed to the farm of Mr. Tyrrell's 
father, Charles Tyrrell going to work in the 
woods. He was engaged in the woods from, 
the time he was fifteen years old until about 
the year 1888. 

About three years after his marriage our 
subject bought forty acres of partly-improved 

1 66 


land in Section 36, Bear Creek township, 
and lived there about five years. After this 
had been sold to good advantage he bought 
sixty acres in Section 36, adjoining the 
former tract on the east, and nearly all im- 
proved, and here he has lived twenty-one 
years. He has now thirty acres of land in 
tillable condition, to which he devotes all 
his time Politically Mr. Tyrrell is a Re- 

BENJAMIN A. CADY. This well 
known and popular lawyer of Birn- 
amwood and county attorney of 
Shawano county, who also has a 
\\arm place in every loyal heart as a veteran 
of the Civil war, is a native of Vermont, 
having been born in the town of Granville, 
Addison county, February 11,1 840. 

Jacob and Betsy (Coolidge) Cad}', 
parents of our subject, were also natives of 
the Green Mountain State, the father born 
about 1807, a son of Isaac Cady, a soldier 
who served under Gen. Stark at the battle 
of Bennington. The mother's parents were 
natives of Vermont and New York, respect- 
ively. The Cady family isHof Scotch and 
English descent, and the grandfathers on 
both sides were early settlers in America, 
most of their descendants being farmers. 
Jacob Cady came to Wisconsin from Lowell, 
Mass., making the trip from Buffalo to 
Milwaukee in a sailing vessel, and settling 
near the latter city April 6, 1850. His eldest 
son. Philander, walked all the way from 
Buffalo to Milwaukee with his brother-in- 
law, J. J. Richardson. At the home of this 
relative, near Milwaukee, Jacob Cady and 
his family visited for a while, then fitted out 
an o.x-team and went to the Indian lands 
near the city of Berlin. Here Mr. Cady 
located near a stream now known as Cady's 
Creek, and proceeded to clear the land and 
make a comfortable home. He spent the 
remainder of his life on this place, and 
there passed away in 1885; the mother still 
resides on the old homestead with her 
grandchild. Jacob Cady, although he had 
only a common-school education, was a man 
of unusual ability, and a leader among men. 
He was possessed of strong will power, was 

generous to the poor, liberal to the cause of 
religion and of unbounded hospitality; in the 
expressive parlance of those early days, it 
was said that " his latch-string was always 
out." He was no politician, but was made 
chairman of the town board, and held other 
minor offices. The children of this worthy 
pioneer were five in number: Lucinda L., 
Philander H., Mary A., Artemus \\'., and 
Benjamin A. 

The subject proper of this sketch, whose 
name appears at the opening, was but ten 
years old when his father settled in the 
wilds of Wisconsin, and his early days will 
never be forgotten. Wolves and deer were 
to be seen in the forests, snakes crossed the 
path through the underbrush, and the near- 
est neighbor was an Indian whose wigwam 
was a mile away. There were no schools 
for five years after their arrival in the coun- 
ty, but fortunately the boy had been in 
school in Lowell before he left the East, 
and under the instruction of his parents pur- 
sued his studies at home until he was eight- 
een years of age, when he entered the 
high school at Berlin, later going to Milton 
College. On November 24, 1863, he en- 
listed in Company I, Thirty-seventh Wis. V. 
I., of which company he was made clerk; 
in the spring of 1864 the regiment joined 
the Ninth Army Corps, at Cold Harbor. 
Mr. Cady was in several engagements in 
front of Petersburg, in one of which, June 
19, 1864, he was wounded in the right hand, 
in consequence of which he was sent to 
Lincoln Hospital, at Washington, thence 
transferred to Madison, Wis., where he re- 
ceived his discharge, April 20, 1865. He 
then returned to the farm, took up the 
study of law, and in March, 1867, was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Waushara county. Wis. 
Opening up an office in his own house, he 
commenced practicing, at the same time 
carrying on his farm and raising stock. He 
continued this busy life until 1881, when he 
sold out his interests there and removed to 
Wood county, engaging in lumbering at 
Milladore where he remained two years. In 
the fall of 1883 he closed out that business 
and came to Birnamwood, where he had 
made some investments, and entered into the 
mercantile business which he carried on (at 



the same time continuing his law practice) 
until 1892, since which time he has devoted 
himself entirely to his profession, in which 
he has been remarkably successful. 

Mr. Cady is a Republican in his political 
views, but has always been too busy to be- 
come an office-seeker; his fellow-citizens, 
however, have honored him by placing him 
in various public positions. He is now dis- 
trict attorney of Shawano county, having 
been elected in the fall of 1894. He had 
previously held the same office in Waushara 
county, two terms, and for eighteen years 
was chairman of the town board, during two 
years of which time he was chairman of the 
county board; he has been a member of the 
county board in his county, and is now chair- 
man of the Senatorial committee of this 
Senatorial District. Socially he is a Royal 
Arch Mason, being a member of Berlin 
Chapter and of Pine River Lodge No. 207. 

On May 3, 1S64, Mr. Cady was married 
to Julia A. Shepherd, daughter of Orson A. 
and Mary (Buck) Shepherd, natives of New 
York, whence they came to Wisconsin in an 
early day, first locating in Walworth county, 
later removing to Waushara county; both 
are now deceased. By this marriage Mr. 
Cady became the father of five children, as 
follows: Julia E., who married George 
Smith, and resides near her father; Artemus 
A., married and residing at Birnamwood; 
Frank P., a carpenter in Waushara county; 
Maggie M., residing at home; Myrtie R., 
who married George Cottrill, and lives in 
Waushara county. Mr. Cady's second mar- 
riage took place October 16, 1881, the bride 
being Miss Ada L. Empie, who was born in 
the town of Lake Mills, Jefferson Co., Wis. ; 
two children have been born to this mar- 
riage: Blanche A. and Arthur L. Mrs. 
Cady's parents, John H. and Mary (Mont- 
gomery) Empie, were natives of New York, 
coming to Wisconsin at an early day; they 
are still living in Shawano county. They 
had three children: Lawrence H., Ada L. 
and Alice F. Mr. Cady is a self-made man 
with a strong will and great energy, up to 
forty years of age was a tireless worker in the 
various pursuits in which he engaged, and 
still continues to labor zealously in his 
chosen profession. 


ATT JENSEN. The subject of 
this sketch, who for many years 
was a prominent and extensive 
business man of Waupaca, has in- 
herited the indomitable pluck and persever- 
ance of the hardy Norsemen, a race to which 
he belongs. He has demonstrated by his 
life how a boy of determination, without 
means or advantages of any kind, may rise 
superior to circumstances and win for him- 
self an honorable and enviable position in 
society. He was born on the bleak shores 
of Jutland, Denmark, January 21, 1850, son 
of Thomas and Mary (Fransen) Jensen, and 
was one of a family of ten children, of whom 
only six now survive: Enger, Sine, Matt, 
James, Minnie and Nels. The father died 
in Denmark; the mother now lives with her 
son in Waupaca. 

Young Matt attended the country schools 
until he was fourteen, and then hired out to 
a gentleman for a year. When sixteen he 
determined to learn the tailor's trade, but 
after working two years the conviction im- 
pressed itself upon him that he had made a 
mistake. Here his grit stood him in good 
stead, for he threw away his two-years' serv- 
ice and set about learning the butcher's 
trade, working for three years without any 
wages. In 1872 he landed in America with 
but fifty cents in his pocket, and with a 
debt of $50., incurred in paying his passage. 
At Stockbridge, Calumet Co., Wis., he 
found work in a brickyard for three months, 
then worked at his trade in Oshkosh with 
Henry Midelstadt for a short time. Hiring 
out in a sawmill for a while, he next spent 
six months in the woods. For a year he 
worked at his trade in Neenah, and in March, 
1874, with a capital of $60., opened a mar- 
ket of his own at Waupaca. Gradually he 
gained experience. For six months he con- 
ducted the shop, and during the ensuing 
winter he butchered for others. Reopening 
his shop in 1875, he remained its proprietor 
until fire in 1879 consumed all his posses- 
sions and left him penniless, for he carried 
no insurance. Forming a partnership with 
Hans Peterson, he erected a brick building 
on borrowed capital, and therein conducted 
a meat market for five years. In 1884 he 
bought and built the place of business where 



he successfully followed his chosen occupa- 
tion until March, 1895, when he sold out, 
though he is still engaged to some extent in 
buying and selling stock. Until 1892 he 
bought cattle and hogs, slaughtered them, 
and shipped the products to many points in 
the north. His success as a business man 
is sufficiently attested by his present invest- 
ments. At Waupaca he owns four stores, 
four dwellings, and ten acres of land besides 
his own commodious and handsome home, 
one of the finest in the city. 

Mr. Jensen was married, at the Danish 
Lutheran Church in Waupaca, to Lena Jen- 
sen, who when nine years old emigrated to 
America from Denmark with her parents. 
Her father was a farmer in Lind township, 
and she has one brother now living, Soren 
Jensen. In politics Mr. Jensen is a Repub- 
lican, casting his first vote for Gen. Grant. 
He served his city one term as alderman, 
and both he and his wife are members of the 
Danish Lutheran Church. They visited his 
old home in Denmark, in 1882, remaining 
about six months. 

NICOLAY NEGAARD, one of the 
prosperous farmers of St. Lawrence 
township, like many of Waupaca 
county's best citizens, is a native of 
Norway, where he was born November 1 1 , 
1855, a son of Nels Nelson, who supported 
his famil}' by day's labor. 

Our subject received a good education 
in his native land, being able to attend 
school until seventeen years of age, after 
which he entered the .Government Military 
Academy, from which he graduated in less 
than three years. For some time during 
the winter seasons he was employed in scal- 
ing logs, and then engaged in the lumber 
business for himself. He concluded to 
come to the United States, however, where 
better opportunities are afforded young men, 
and, in the spring of 1883, bidding farewell 
to his home and friends, he left Christiania 
for England, where at Liverpool he took 
passage on an Anchor Line steamer for 
America. After eighteen days he arrived in 
Waupaca, Wis. , having stopped three days 
en route, and with him came Miss Mary 

Strand, who was to become his bride a few. 
days later. They were married at Scandi- 
navia, Wis., in July, 1883, and by their 
union were born two children who are yet 
living: John, born April 12, 1884, and 
Norman M., born August 26, 1888; the 
mother was called to her final rest Septem- 
ber 7, 1888, after a continued illness, and 
lies buried in Ogdensburg Cemetery. In 
St. Lawrence township, Waupaca county, in 
July, 1890, Mr. Negaard wedded Miss 
Jennie M. Westcot, only child of Lyman 
and Dorcas (Howland) Westcot, and to 
them has come a daughter. Alma D. , born 
July 30, 1 89 1. 

After his first marriage Mr. Negaard 
rented a house and worked at anything by 
which he could earn an honest dollar, 
chiefly employed, however, on farms and in 
the lumber woods. In 1887 he was able to 
purchase one hundred acres of land in Sec- 
tion 12, St. Lawrence township, Waupaca 
county, and began its improvement; it was 
wild undeveloped land, which he sold. He 
now has in his possession 170 acres of rich, 
arable land, in company with his father-in- 
law, and, although he has experienced the 
trials and difficulties of life in a new coun- 
try, he is now reaping his reward. He 
started out a poor boy; but by perseverance 
and good management has become a well- 
to-do citizen, held in the highest esteem by 
the entire community, and is an intelligent, 
well-educated man, being far above the 
average farmer of his nationality in that 
respect. On election day he never fails to 
cast his vote in support of the Republican 
party, but gives no time to politics, although 
he has held office in his School District 
No. 2. 

Lyman A. Westcot, father of Mrs. Ne- 
gaard, was born in Sudbury, Vt., August 
20, 1833, son of Oliver and Mary (Howland) 
Westcot, also natives of \^ermont, where 
they carried on agricultural pursuits. In the 
family were eight children — five sons and 
three daughters — in which Mr. Westcot was 
the sixth in order of birth. He attended 
the district schools until the age of fifteen, 
when for three months he pursued his 
studies in the high school, after which he 
began teaching, receiving a salary of ten 



dollars per month, while the highest wages 
paid at that time was only fifteen dollars. 
On Januarj' i, 1862, in Brandon, Rutland 
Co., Vt., Mr. ^^'estcot was united in mar- 
riage with Dorcas J. Howland, who was 
born in Pittsford, that county, August 11, 
1842, a daughter of Oliver and Permelia 
Howland, who had seven children — four 
sons and three daughters — of whom Mrs. 
Westcot was second. By her marriage 
were born three children, of whom Clyde O. 
and Addie A. both died young; Jennie M., 
born March 21, 1866 (now Mrs. Nicolay 
Negaardj, being the only one living. 

Mr. and Mrs. Westcot began their do- 
mestic life in Hubbardton, Vt., where he 
engaged in farming. He had previously come 
west in 1855, locating at Stoughton, Dane 
Co., Wis., where he clerked in a store, but 
becoming ill with fever and ague returned 
east at the end of one year. On September 
10, 1866, with his wife he started from Hub- 
bardton, Vt., for Stoughton, Wis., where 
he had relatives living, and there spent the 
following winter. He rented a farm and 
made preparations to put in a crop, but in 
April, 1867, went to the town of Cato, Mani- 
towoc county, where his brother, Alfred H., 
resided. There our subject was employed 
in a sawmill during the summer, then in the 
fall purchased twenty acres of improved 
land, being able to pay but $50 on the same, 
having to go in debt for the remainder. He 
was very successful in this line, and added 
to his original tract until at one time he had 
over eighty acres. He lived in Manitowoc 
county until coming to St. Lawrence town- 
ship, Waupaca county, in March, 1882, 
where he had bought two hundred acres in 
Section 1 1 in June of the previous year. He 
later sold some of this, still owning, how- 
ever, 170 acres of rich farming land in com- 
pany with his son-in-law. 

On February 13, 1891, Mr. Westcot was 
called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, 
who is interred in Ogdensburg Park Ceme- 
tery. That he has made life a grand suc- 
cess is due to his untiring energy, affability, 
integrity and judicious business management. 
Politically he is independent, casting his bal- 
lot for the best man, regardless of party 

ANDREW LUTZ, Jr., proprietor of 
a leading livery stable in Stevens 
Point, Portage county, was born in 
Baden, Germany, April 4, 1845, 
eldest surviving son of Andrew and Eliza- 
beth (Gaber) Lutz, also natives of the 

In 1853 our subject came to the United 
States with his mother, the husband and 
father having preceded them, in 1852, in 
order to prepare a home for them in Almond 
township. Portage Co., Wis. Here the 
young lad was reared and educated, and 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits until 
1888, when he removed to Stevens Point 
and opened out his present livery stable, 
which is one of the best in the city. 

In Almond township. Portage Co., Wis., 
October 30, 1S67, Mr. Lutz was united in 
marriage with Miss Mena Krohn, daughter of 
Fred and Mena Krohn, both natives of Ger- 
many, now residents of Stevens Point, and 
to this marriage were born twelve children, 
four of whom survive: Charles, Frank, 
Henry and Annie. In religious faith the 
family attend the services of the Lutheran 
Church. In his political views Mr. Lutz is 
a stanch Republican. He is a progressive, 
wide-awake citizen, standing high in the 
estimation of all who know him, or have had 
any dealings with him, for his personal in- 
tegrity and straightforward honest princi- 

HIEL HEATH, a retired farmer of 
Amherst township, Portage county, 
was born in the town of Randolph, 
Orange Co., Vt., May 22, 18 12, and 
is the son of James Heath, born in Con- 
necticut April 22, 1776, and Sarah (Gloyd) 
Heath, born in Charlestown, Mass., in 1774. 
The first of the Heath family to emigrate 
to this country were two brothers, natives of 
the north of England, who came about the 
end of the seventeenth century, landing at 
Boston, Mass. One located on a farni in 
the suburbs of that city,- and the other went 
farther west and was never afterward heard 
from by his brother. Reuben Heath, a 
great-uncle of Hiel Heath, was born in 



Massachusetts, and was one of a family of 
four brothers who fought at the battle of 
Bunker Hill, Reuben and William alone 
surviving. The children of Reuben were 
Nathaniel, Rachel, Sarah and Mary. Grand- 
father Heath owned a farm near Boston, 
where he died. His children were as fol- 
lows: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, a Methodist 
minister, who preached a few years in Ran- 
dolph, Vt., was called to Pennsylvania, and 
there died: and James, the father of Hiel 
Heath. The children remained on the home 
farm until after the death of their mother, 
then located on a farm in Randolph, \'er- 

James Heath was educatetl and married 
in Massachusetts. He followed the trade of 
shoemaker there, and for a short time in 
Randolph, where he resided with the family 
for a few years. He then located on a farm 
in Middlebury. Addison county, \'t., where 
his wife died in 1852, and he in 1854 at the 
age of seventy-eight. Their children were 
as follows: Charles (deceased), born in 
1796, married to Caroline Chadwick, by 
whom he had four children, the three eldest 
being named Henry C, Benjamin Franklin 
and George; for his second wife Charles mar- 
ried Rosanna , by whom he had 

four sons: James, born in 1798, a lumber- 
man on the St. Lawrence, died at the age 
of twenty-seven; Libbeus, born in 1800, was 
engaged in the lumber business in Manito- 
woc county, ^^'is. , where he died, unmar- 
ried, in 1844. Daniel, born in 1804, was a 
horse dealer in \'ermont and New Hamp- 
shire; he married Mary Wadleigh in the lat- 
ter State, and had six children, the four 
eldest being named Elizabeth, Mary, Joseph 
and Daniel. Rebecca J., born in 1806, 
married Charles Pratt, a farmer in Fond du 
Lac county. Wis., by whom she had the fol- 
lowing children: Emeline, Norman J., Albert, 
Celestine (deceased), Sarah and H. Ellen. 
Maria, born in 1808, was twice married, her 
first husband being Dickerman.a lumberman, 
in Middlebury, \'t., her second, Sherman, a 
farmer near Ft. Ticonderoga, N. Y. Sarah, 
now deceased, became the wife of Eber 
Coggswell, by whom she had five children. 
Hiel is the subject of this sketch. Ann, 
born in 18 14, married Kneeland Olmstead, 

a carriage manufacturer, by whom she had 
six children, all daughters. Louisa, now 
deceased, born in 1818, was the wife of 
Solomon Thomas, a farmer in Addison 
county, Vt., by whom she had four children, 
all daughters. 

Hiel Heath received a common-school 
education in his native town, attending 
school three months in the year until he 
was eighteen, then, in the winters, until he 
was thirty jears of age, he went to the 
woods and drew logs with his father's team. 
In 1842 he journeyed to Wisconsin, going 
to Albany, N. Y. , by stage, to Buffalo by 
canal, and by the way of the lakes, on the 
steamer "Great Western," to Milwaukee, 
arriving in May, 1842. Sailing from there 
for Manitowoc, Manitowoc county, he stop- 
ped at Port Huron, the captain being 
obliged to attend a lawsuit at Green Bay. 
Mr. Heath proceeded on foot to Sheboygan, 
where his vessel met him, and took him to 
Manitowoc. He was accompanied on his 
journey from \'ermont by Hiram Champlin, 
who had bought a half interest in a thou- 
sand-acre tract of timberland and in a saw- 
mill in Manitowoc. Mr. Heath had only 
two shillings after his arrival, engaged 
board at a public house, and requested the 
landlord to trust him until he got employ- 
ment. He worked for Mr. Champlin over a 
year. Mr. Heath's brother Libbeus, who 
had come from Vermont to work for Mr. 
Champlin, was taken sick, and he nursed 
him for seventy-two dajs, being relieved but 
five nights during all that time. His brother 
died, unmarried, September 16, 1844, aged 
forty-four years and eight days. Mr. Heath 
owned and drove the first lumber wagon in 

On December 28, 1852, in \\'aterford, 
Racine Co., Wis., Hiel Heath was united 
in marriage with Sarah L. Sheldon, who 
was born in 1825 in the town of Madrid, 
St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. , a daughter of 
Jonah and Sally P. Doane, both born in 
Massachusetts and at one time residents of 
Vermont, whence the)" removed to Madrid, 
N. Y. Mr. and Mrs. Jonah Doane had 
children as follows: Norman M., a shoe- 
maker, who died in Caldwell, Racine Co., 
Wis., April 24, 1893; Mary, who is the 



widow of William Gilmore, by whom she 
had three children — Charles fnow deceased, 
who was a farmer in Madrid, St. Lawrence 
Co., N. Y. , married to Ellen Martin), Clark 
W. (with whom his mother is now living; he 
is now an attorne}' in Pipestone, Minn., was 
formerly a school teacher in Wisconsin and 
Minnesota; he married Carrie Mount, now 
deceased, by whom he had five children, 
three of whom are living) and Emma who 
was a school teacher in Wisconsin, and is 
married to Samuel Percy, a jeweler in 
Ogdensburg, N. Y. ; Azubah, deceased; 
Sarah L. , wife of Hiel Heath; and Oliver, a 
farmer in Vacoma, Washington Co., Ne- 

Mr. Heath bought 120 acres of govern- 
ment land in the town of Cato, Manitowoc 
Co., Wis., in 1849, made a clearing, and built 
a rude log cabin, into which he moved after 
his marriage. In this the family lived some 
ten years, when he built a more pretentious 
home. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Hiel 
Heath are as follows: Martha E., born in 
Cato December 30, 1853, died in infancy; 
Harriet E., born in Cato May 23, 1855, 
married Charles Simmons, a carpenter in 
Caldwell, Racine Co., Wis., by whom she 
had three children — Earl, Pearl and Carol; 
Angeline, born in Cato January 21, 1857, 
received her education in Cato, taught 
school for four years, attended the Oshkosh 
Normal School for three months in the 
spring of 1879, taught a year in Beaver, 
Minn., has taught twelve terms in Amherst, 
and is presiding sister of the Amherst Social 
Temple of Honor, being an indefatigable 
worker in the cause of temperance; Charles 
Henry, a farmer in Grand Rapids, Wood 
Co., Wis., married Carrie Norton, of Mc- 
Dill, Wis., and Oliver Kyle, born in Cato in 
1 86 1, attended school at Cato during the 
winter months until twenty years of age, 
since which time he has managed the home 

In April, 1883, Hiel Heath disposed of 
his farm, of which seventy-four acres were 
then cleared, and he had a beautiful home 
and good outbuildings. His present farm, 
consisting of a quarter of Section 16, he 
bought in the latter part of April, 1883, 
since which time he has remodeled the 

house, and, with the assistance of his son, 
made great improvements on the farm. 

Mrs. Hiel Heath passed away in July, 
1894, and was buried in Greenwood cem- 
etery, Amherst. Ill health had for some 
time prevented her usual active participation 
in Church matters; she was an estimable 
lady, an excellent wife, a good and kind 
mother. Her family and a host of friends 
in Cato and Amherst deeply mourn her 
decease. Mr. Heath, though in his eighty- 
fourth year, enjoys good health, and is 
straight as an arrow. He is a stanch Re- 
publican, was assessor for some years in 
Cato, and was elected justice of the peace 
there three times, but would not accept the 
office. In religious affiliation the family are 

Oliver K. Heath, the son, worked in 
the woods in the winter of 1884, and for six 
consecutive winters afterward was employed 
with team in taking supplies to lumber 
camps. Since his father has been unable to 
work he has had charge, and has proved a 
most successful farmer. He takes an active 
interest in political matters, and is a strong 
advocate of temperance and the Republican 

JOHN ELSEN. In the career of this 
gentleman we find an excellent exam- 
ple for young men just embarking in 
the field of active life, of what may be 
accomplished by a man beginning poor, but 
honest, prudent and industrious. 

A native of Wisconsin, Mr. Elsen was 
born July 25, 1858, in Kenosha, a son of 
Adam Elsen, a native of Germany, who was 
one of a family of sixteen children, five of 
whom are yet living, the eldest being eighty 
years old. In December, 18 17, in the 
Province of Rhine, the father was born, and 
there wedded Susan Neises, whose birth oc- 
curred in 1823. Seven children were born 
of this marriage: J. Albert, Peter A., and 
John, who are still living; one who died in 
infancy; Jacob and Mary, who have also 
passed away; and Mathias, who died at the 
age of twenty-three. The father came alone 
to America about the year 1847, first being 
employed as foreman on a canal in Ohio, 



and in 1850 he returned to the Fatherland, 
the following year bringing his wife to these 
shores. For a time he engaged in farming 
near Kenosha, Wis., but later sold out and 
opened a grocery store and hotel in that 
city. For many years he carried these on, 
though later he was the proprietor of a 
butcher shop; he was also employed in the 
lumber woods. His death occurred in Ke- 
nosha in 1886. Mrs. Elsen still makes that 
place her home; she is one of a family of 
twelve children. Her father, who was a 
farmer of Germany, also belonged to a 
large family numbering fourteen children, 
and his parents were also agriculturists. 

In the public and parochial Schools of 
Kenosha, Wis., John Elsen pursued his 
studies until the age of thirteen, remaining 
under the parental roof, however, until he 
was twent}' , giving the benefit of his labors 
to his father. At that time he went to 
Kansas, where for one 3ear he followed 
farming. On his return to Kenosha, he 
remained there only t\\'0 months, when he 
moved to Racine, Wis. , there working as a 
molder for three years, which trade he had 
previously learned in his native city. In 
18S2 he arri\'ed in Merrill, where for four 
\-ear3 he was employed by the McCord & 
Wright Manufacturing Company in their 
sash and blind factory. He then went to 
work for A. H. Stange, who was engaged 
in the same line of business; after a short time 
he was made foreman of the works, and, 
later, assistant superintendent. In January, 
1895, when the A. H. Stange Manufactur- 
ing Company was organized he was made 
vice-president and now holds that position; 
they ha\'e a sa\\'mill, and are engaged in the 
manufacture of sash, doors and blinds. It 
is one the leading firms of Merrill, and they 
are now doing an e.xcellent business. For 
two years our subject was also engaged in 
the hardware trade; he has dealt in real 
estate to some extent. 

On January 27, 1883, at Merrill, Mr. 
Elsen was married to Miss i\ugusta Stange, 
daughter of Carl and Caroline Stange, and 
to this union have been born three children 
— two spns and a daughter — Albert A., 
\\'illiam P. and Helen S. In politics Mr. 
Elsen is independent, desiring to cast his 

vote for the man whom he thinks best 
qualified to fill the office, regardless of part}' 
ties. For two years he has ser\-ed the peo- 
ple of the Fifth ward of Merrill as alder- 
man, and one year on the county board. 
He was a charter member of the first volun- 
teer fire company organized, in 1887, in 
Merrill, and has since been actively con- 
nected with it, having been foreman several 
times. At present he is president of the 
company, and with the exception of two 
years, has been since it was organized. 
He has the reputation of being a first-class 
businessman, reliable and energetic, and is a 
citizen of whom Merrill may be justly proud. 

SOX, hardware merchants of Tom- 
ahawk, Lincoln county, comprise 
the firm of Evenson Brothers, and 
carry on the leading store in their line in 
that city. They are men of energy and 
good judgment, finely adapted to their 
present business, which they take pride in 
conducting on the best known plans. Their 
stock is of the best grades, and they thus 
enjoy a liberal patronage. 

These brothers were born in Waupaca 
county. Wis., Edward on January 6, 1861, 
Henry on October 23, 1863. Their father, 
Harold Evenson, was born in Norway, in 
June, 1824, and is a son of Aaron Evenson, 
also a native of the same country. The 
grandfather was married in Norway and in 
his family were Harold, Halver, Erick and 
Ole, who accompanied their parents to 
America in 1845. The latter both died in 
Dane county. Wis. The maternal grand- 
parents with their children also came to the 
United States at the same time. Harold 
Evenson, the father, married Carrie Helge- 
son, in Norwaj-, in 1845, and they imme- 
diatel}- set sail for the New World. Locating 
near Madison, Wis., the father began con- 
tracting on the railroad, but later removed 
to Waupaca count}', Wis. , where he pur- 
chased land from the government, and there 
still resides. He had a family of ten chil- 
dren, all born in \\'isconsin: Edwin H., 
who graduated from the college at Decorah, 
Iowa, and the university at Madison, \\'is.. 



was superintendent of schools in South 
Dakota, and professor of Greek and Latin 
in the State Normal there, and in Milton 
College of Wisconsin, but now lives in 
Seattle, Wash. ; Edward and Henry O. 
come next in the order of birth; Clara H. is 
now Mrs. Frogner, and lives in lola. Wis. ; 
Joseph T. comes next; four children died in 
infancy; Gustave A., who was also a gradu- 
ate of the college at Decorah, Iowa, died at 
the age of twentj'-eight years. Politically, 
the father is a Republican and a leader in 
his party in the county where he makes his 
home. He has held many public offices in 
his town, where he is an influential and 
highly-esteemed citizen, and the fine im- 
provements on his place indicate him to be 
a progressive aud prosperous farmer. Edu- 
cational matters have always received his 
earnest support, and he has given his chil- 
dren the best of school privileges. He is 
now passing his declining days at his pleas- 
ant home in Scandinavia township, Wau- 
paca county. 

"The brothers, whose names stand at the 
beginning of this sketch, were reared upon 
the home farm, their childhood days being 
passed in attendance at the country schools, 
and later in the village schools of lola. 
Wis. Henry also became a pupil in the 
high school of Waupaca, Wis., after which 
they both took a business course in Milton 
College. On leaving the schoolroom they 
assisted their father, who was a natural 
mechanic, mason, carpenter and painter, 
and with him learned those trades, but soon 
started out in life for themselves. They fol- 
lowed those occupations to some extent dur- 
ing the succeeding four years, and Henry 
also clerked in a hardware store, during 
which time he partially learned the trade of 
a tinner. Edward was employed in the 
lumber woods during the winter seasons, and 
for one year conducted a general store for 
T. Thompson, in Tola, Wis. They were 
very saving with their earnings, and in the 
fall of 1887, with their combined capital, 
Henry built and opened up a hardware store 
in Tomahawk, under the name of Evenson 
Brothers, and Edward who was clerking at 
the time soon gave up his position and joined 
his brother. It was the first store of the 

kind established in Tomahawk, and they 
have since continued business with excellent 
success. For two years they also dealt quite 
extensively in lumber and real estate — both 
city property and pine lands. 

Henr\" O. Evenson was married in June, 
1 89 1, to Miss Blanche Spaulding who was 
born in Outagamie county, Wis., daughter 
of James and Matilda (Hulbert) Spaulding, 
farming people, who have two children, 
Charles and Blanche. The parents are both 
natives of Maine; the father served as a 
soldier during the Civil war, in which he was 
wounded. The Evenson brothers are Re- 
publican in politics, and though neither of 
them are politicians, Edward was prevailed 
upon by his friends to accept the of^ce of 
school commissioner, which he held for two 
years, and is now serving on the county 
board, being elected from the Third ward. 
Religiously, they are members of the Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church. They are indus- 
trious, energetic and progressive in nature, 
and are highly esteemed and respected by 
all who know them. 

SAMUEL W. SMITH, the genial and 
courteous "mine host" of the 
"Denton House," Eagle River, 
\^ilas county, and present postmaster, 
was born April 16, 1850, in Marquette coun- 
t)', Wisconsin. 

Judge A. I). Smith, father of our subject, 
was a native of New York State, born in 
1 81 3, in Ulster county, a son of John 
Smith, who had a family of seven children, 
as follows: Robert, Doll, Benjamin, An- 
geline, Susan, Rachel and Abraham D. 
The parents of these both died in New 
York State, and the father was well known 
as a great lover and successful breeder of 
fast horses. Judge A. D. Smith was a 
well-educated man, a carpenter by trade, 
becoming superintendent on the construc- 
tion of the docks and locks for the Lehigh 
Valley waterway. He was married, in 
1834, at Wilkesbarre, Penn., to Miss Pollie 
Bennett, who was born there in 18 19; she 
had two brothers: Samuel and Josiah. To 
Judge and Pollie Smith were born children 



as follows: Angelina (Mrs. L. B. Best), 
Susan (Mrs. O. N. Hillyer), Addie (Mrs. 
Henry Douglass), Rachel (deceased), Eliza 
and Sarah (both deceased in infancy), Jo- 
siah B., Robert N. (deceased), Samuel W., 
Benjamin F. , John A., Clara (Mrs. Gal- 
braith), and Charlotte O. (Mrs. McDonald), 
Judge Smith came with his family to Wis- 
consin in 1846, the journey from Pennsyl- 
vania being made with a covered wagon 
drawn by horses. They remained in the 
southern part of the State two years, and 
then established a homestead near Briggs- 
ville, Marquette county. The judge owned 
some 300 acres of land, partly in Marquette 
and partly in Adams county, and hereon he 
died in July, 1890, his wife following him 
to the grave in iSgr. He was a loyal, 
patriotic American, but would never accept 
public office; a firm temperance man, yet 
never obstrusive in his opinions on that sub- 
ject, and was strong in his likes and dis- 
likes, a sincere friend and a generous enemy. 
Samuel W. Smith, the subject proper of 
this sketch, was reared on a farm, and edu- 
cated at the district school, remaining at 
home most of the time till he was twenty- 
three years old, working in the woods, 
winters. After his marriage, in 1873, he 
commenced for his own account, his first 
venture being cranberry raising, and for 
three years he followed agricultural pursuits, 
after which he commenced lumbering as a 
jobber. Taking up his residence at Grand 
Rapids, he there, with the exception of two 
years, worked a farm. For six years he 
logged for the Sherrj' & Cameron Co., and, 
having both a logging and railroad outfit, 
filled railroad contracts during the summer 
seasons. In 1889 he came to Eagle River 
and bought his present property, known as 
the "Denton House," the leading hotel in 
the young city, which he has considerably 
added to and greatly improved since assum- 
ing charge of it. He has taken an active 
and prominent part in the building up of 
Eagle River, particularly, also, in the 
organization of Vilas county, much of his 
time being spent in Madison for that pur- 
pose. In politics he is a Democrat, and he 
was appointed postmaster at Eagle River 
by President Cleveland. He is a strong 

advocate of temperance, and a useful, popu- 
lar citizen. 

Samuel W. Smith was married to Miss 
Alice Walsh, who was born in Quebec, 
Canada, daughter of Patrick and Bridget 
(Murphy) Walsh, both of whom were of 
Irish nativity, the father born in Athlone. 
They were married in Canada, and had 
eight children, as follows: Jennie, Alice, 
Thomas, William, Patrick and James, 
living; and Mary and Sabina, deceased, the 
former when thirteen years old, the latter 
when fifteen. In 1868 the family came to 
Wisconsin, settling at Grand Rapids, Wood 
county, whence, in 1893, the father, who 
was a farmer by occupation, moved to 
Eagle River, Vilas county, where he died 
December 4, same year; his widow is yet 
living. John Walsh (father of Patrick 
Walsh), an only child, born in 1789, mar- 
ried Sabina Finn, by whom he had eight 
children — three sons and five daughters. In 
an early day the family emigrated to Can- 
ada, moving from there to Wisconsin, 
where John Walsh, the father, died in 
April, 1874. Mrs. Bridget Walsh, mother 
of Mrs. S. W. Smith, was fifteen years old 
when she came to Canada with her parents, 
who both died there; she had one brother, 
Thomas Murphy (who was a soldier in the 
British army twenty-one years), one sister, 
Alice, in Australia, and another, Mrs. Mary- 
Crowe, in San Francisco, Cal. Mrs. Bridget 
(Murphy) Walsh's mother was a Barry; she 
had two brothers — Luke and Timothy — 
who were educated for the Church, and 
were professors. 

popular assistant postmaster at 
Grand Rapids, well deserves mention 
in the history of \\'ood county. From 
time immemorable it has been the custoni 
of all nations to extol in story and in song 
the gallant deeds in time of war, but it has 
been left to civilized nations to commemor- 
ate that truer manliness, that nobler courage 
which enables one to live uprighth' and deal 
justly, seeking no preferment or approval 
save that of the Higher power and their own 
consciences. Shall a soldier hero receive a 



greater tribute of respect than one who sil- 
ently and uncomplainingly takes up his bur- 
den and fights back the thousand adverse 
fate, that seek to block his pathway to suc- 
cess? The deeds of a good man should live 
after him, and in these days of wide dissemi- 
nation of thought and doctrine, the transmis- 
sion of the story from the father to the son 
is inadequate. Only through written record 
can we perpetuate his memory and extend 
his influence, making life an example for 
future generations. 

Of those of whom it is said that the 
world is better for his having lived is Mr. 
Burt. He was born in Newark, N. J., 
April 24, 1830, and is a son of William 
Hubbard and Elizabeth M. (Jones) Burt, 
both natives of New Jersey. The father, a 
shoemaker by trade, died of cholera in 1833, 
in New York City, directly opposite the resi- 
dence of his sister. He had gone thither for 
the purpose of purchasing stock for his busi- 
ness. Three years later, in 1836, the mother 
and three of her children removed to St. 
Catharines, Canada, and there they resided 
until Frederick was ten years of age. In 
the meantime his mother married again and 
then removed to Short Hills, about eight 
miles from St. Catharines, where our subject 
remained until 1850. 

Mr. Burt was educated in a private 
school at St. Catharines, spent one term in 
a district school in New York, and then en- 
gaged in farming, also learning the carpen- 
ter's trade. He continued in Canada until 
1850, when he came to Wisconsin, locating 
first in Dane county, where he carried on 
agricultural pursuits. Later he removed to 
Portage county, but after a few months, 
in the fall of 1855, he removed to Grand 
Rapids. Here he worked at carpentering 
until August, 1 86 1, when he went into the 
harvest fields. In September, same year, 
he enlisted at Grand Rapids in Company G, 
Seventh Wis. V. I., and was discharged 
March 28, 1862, on account of illness con- 
tracted in the service. He at once returned 
to his home, and upon his recovery obtained 
a position in the post office as assistant post- 
master, serving until 1870, and also acting 
as clerk in a general store. In 1869 he was 
elected clerk of the circuit court, which 

position he filled six years; in January, 1875, 
he again became assistant postmaster, and- 
had charge of the office until 1890, when he 
was elected postmaster, serving until Janu- 
ary, 1894. He was then succeeded by E. 
B. Brundage, with whom he has since- 
served as assistant. 

Mr. Burt was married in Portage City, 
Wis., June 17, 1855, to Miss Celeste Eliza, 
daughter of Peter and Calista (Sampson)' 
Jessey, natives of Vermont. Seven children 
were born to them: Jessie Eva, wife of 
George Brampton, a resident of Hartford, 
Conn.; Fredericka W. , who died at the age- 
of two years; Harry Andrew, who makes his 
home in Rhinelander, W'is., and is employed 
as a traveling salesman for the Flanner 
Lumber Company; Frederick W., who is 
living in Wausau, Wis. ; Walter Edwin, 
manager of the yard and purchasing agent 
for the Flanner Lumber Company of Rhine- 
lander, Wis. ; William, who makes his home 
in Green Bay, Wis. ; and Carson Otto, living 
with his father in Grand Rapids. 

The worth and ability of Mr. Burt have 
been recognized by his fellow townsmen who- 
have called him to office; in 1855 and 1856 
he served as justice of the peace, and he has 
also filled the position of town clerk. He 
takes considerable interest in civic societies, 
and is a member of Grand Rapids Lodge, 
No. 128, F. & A. M.; Forest Chapter, No. 
34, R. A. M. of Stevens Point, Wis. ; and 
of Grand Rapids Lodge, No. 91, I. O. O. F. ; 
also of Shaurett Encampment of the same 
fraternity. For a half century he has 
been a consistent member of the Methodist 
Church — his life being in harmony with his 
professions and true to his convictions of 
right and wrong. In his political views he 
is a stalwart Republican, is a public-spirited 
and progressive citizen, enjoying the high 
regard of all who know him. 

representative farmers of Lanark 
township. Portage county, was born 
May 31, 1^58, in Hull township, 
same county, son of Jeremiah and Bridget 
(Touhey) Sullivan, natives of County Cork^ 
Ireland, who came to America in 1849. 



Jeremiah Sullivan was a poor man, and 
made his living by day's labor, for a number 
of years working on railroads. In 1857 he 
came to Portage county, and in Hull town- 
ship, homesteaded a farm, there remaining 
until his death January 15, 1862, which re- 
sulted from an accident. His children were 
as follows: Margaret, who married John 
Hopkins, and died in Lanark township; 
Ellen, a maiden lady; Patrick, subject of 
this sketch; Catherine, now Mrs. Edward 
Cooney, of Lanark township; and Daniel, 
a farmer, also of Lanark township. After 
the father's death the widow and her chil- 
dren became members of the family of 
Patrick Leary, whose wife was a sister of 
Mrs. Sullivan. Through the kindness of 
Mr. Leary the Sullivans remained with him 
until they had grown up, and were able to 
provide for themselves. Mrs. Sullivan now 
resides with her son Patrick. 

Our subject received a fair education in 
his boyhood days, but schools were not very 
numerous in those pioneer times, and he 
often had to walk from two and a half to 
three miles to school. He was reared a 
farmer's boy in the new country, at the age 
of ten years removing to Lanark township 
with his foster parents, who settled in Sec- 
tion 16, which at that time was all forest, 
their first house being a board shanty. As 
soon as Mr. Sullivan was old enough he 
went to work on the farm, and has success- 
fully followed agriculture ever since. He 
was married, November 22, 1888, in Buena 
Vista township, Portage county, to Miss 
Alice O'Connell, born in that township 
January 5, 1868, daughter of Daniel and 
Mary (Tracy) O'Connell. After marriage 
they began housekeeping on the farm which 
they have ever since occupied. The chil- 
dren born to Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan were as 
follows: Mary, Daniel J. (deceased), Pat- 
rick J., Alice, and Agnes. Politically Mr. 
Sullivan is a stanch Democrat, and has 
served as supervisor and as school treasurer 
in District K'o. 7 five years. In 1893 he 
was elected chairman of the township, the 
yoimgest man who has ever filled that office 
in Lanark township. Though his own edu- 
cational opportunities were meagre, he is 
an earnest friend to the cause of edu- 

cation, and a strong advocate for better 
schools. While chairman he voted for 
the erection of a Normal School, but this 
display of enterprise and public spirit seems 
to have been somewhat in advance of the 
times, for certain voters of a non-progressive 
nature combined to defeat him at the next . 
election. Mr. Sullivan and family are 
members of the Catholic Church. He is 
an excellent farmer, and one of the best 
known young citizens in the township. 

DAVID D. TARR, a representative of 
one of the honored New England 
families who for generations have 
made their home in Maine, ;vas born 
in Salem, that State, in May, 1839. His 
father, Mark P. Tarr, also a native of 
Maine, married Sophrona P. Merchant, who 
was born in Massachusetts, and they became 
the parents of three children — Hiram P., 
Mary E. and David D. The father, who 
was a farmer and lumberman, died in the 
Pine Tree State in 1889, where his wife had 
passed away two years previously. The pa- 
ternal grandfather, John Tarr, lived all his 
life in Maine, and by his marriage became 
the father of eight children — John, Abraham. 
William, Rufus, Abigial, May, Harriet and 
Mark P. 

David D. Tarr, the subject of this sketch, 
was educated in the high school, and re- 
mained at home until he had attained his 
majorit}'. In May, 1861, he enlisted in 
Companj^ C, Second Maine V. I., becoming 
corporal, serving three months, during 
which time he participated in the first battle 
of Bull Run. At the end of that time he re- 
enlisted for two jears, remaining in the ser- 
vice until the spring of 1863, as a member of 
the Army of the Potomac. He was in the 
siege of Yorktown and Hanover Court 
House, and in the Chickahominy Swamps 
he was taken sick, on which account he 
was sent to the hospital at York, Penn., 
from which in time he was discharged, but 
after returning home he did not recover his 
health for over a year. P'or a time Mr. 
Tarr was employed in a mill, after which 
he made a trip to Omaha, Neb., for his 
health, and, in 1868, went to Minneapolis, 



Minn., where for a year he clerked in a 
hotel. At the end of that time he went to 
Big Rapids, Mich., being in the employ of 

0. P. Pillsburj- & Co., remaining there ten 
years, serving in different capacities, includ- 
ing the positions of scaler, foreman and, 
later, as superintendent of their upper 
river branch. He also engaged in general 
merchandising in Stanwood and Hersey, 
Mich., and on selling out that business re- 
turned to Maine, where he remained one 
year. In May, 1884, he came to Wiscon- 
sin, in the employ of the Merrill Boom 
Compan}-, which belonged to the Milwau- 
kee & St. Paul Railroad Company. O. P. 
Pillsbury sent for Mr. Tarr to come to 
Merrill and accept the position of superin- 
tendent of Merrill Boom, in which capacity 
he still continues to serve, being held in the 
highest regard by his employers. This 
company employs about eighty men, and 
handles as high as one hundred forty million 
feet of lumber for Merrill, and one hundred 
million for parties down the river. 

On September 16, 1880, Mr. Tarr 
wedded Sarah Jane Palmer, who was born 
in Nobleboro, Maine, October 10, 1845, and 
is a daughter of Elisha R. and Sarah (Dun- 
bar) Palmer, who had eight children: Hal- 
sey H., Arlinda R., Bertha A., Orlando A., 
Gulinglus C, Sarah J., Byron W. and San- 
ford K. The parents were natives of Maine, 
where the father was employed as a ship- 
builder and carpenter until his death, which 
occurred November 10, 1868; the mother 
now makes her home with Mr. Tarr. She is 
of Scotch lineage, being a direct descendant 
of Earl George Dunbar, who on the occasion 
of his marriage was knighted by King James 

1. For a time he stood very high in the 
King's favor, but in March, 1425, he was 
arrested and imprisoned on suspicion, his 
estates being confiscated to the Crown. 
The Dunbar family occupies a conspicuous 
place all through Scottish history. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Tarr were born, June 18, 1882, 
twins: Arthur Jay and Alta May. Our 
subject takes a warm interest in public 
affairs, and uniformly casts his vote with the 
Republican party. For three years he 
served as postmaster at Stanwood. Socially 
he is identified with several civic societies, 

belonging to the F. & A. M., in which he is 
a Knight Templar, and the Grand Army of 
the Potomac. He is frank and open in the 
expression of his opinions, and has the con- 
fidence and respect of all. 


RS. MARY BYRNES, of Grand 
Rapids, is a native of the Em- 
erald Isle, born in County Down, 
February 15, 1836, a daughter of 
Felix and Mary (Hale) Magenity, who were 
also natives of County Down, where they 
spent their entire lives. 

Their family consisted of seven chil- 
dren, four of whom still survive, and of 
these Mrs. Byrnes is the eldest. The others 
still living are Ale.xander, who is serving as 
inspector of customs in New York City; 
Alice, wife of William Mead, a resident of 
Belturbet, County Cavan, Ireland; and 
John, who is still living in County Down. 
One of her brothers, James, was drowned 
in the Columbia river, Oregon; another 
brother, Thomas, was a civil engineer in 
the employ of the British government, be- 
came a captain in the "Gordon Highland- 
ers," and with his command took part in 
the Crimean war, his death occurring at 
Bombay, India, while in the service. Re- 
ligiously this family were all connected with 
the Roman Catholic Church. The parents 
both died in Ireland. 

The lady, whose name introduces this 
sketch, spent her maidenhood days in her 
parents' home in the land of her nativity, 
and after she had reached womanhood 
she gave her hand in marriage to Edward 
Byrnes, the wedding being celebrated in 
1855, and the same year they crossed the 
Atlantic to America. Mr. Byrnes was also 
a native of County Down, Ireland, born 
November, i, 1825, a son of Bernard and 
Margaret (Byrnes) Byrnes. His childhood 
was similar to that of most farmer lads of 
his time, and the educational privileges 
which he received where those afforded by 
the public schools. He was one of a fam- 
ily of eleven children, and with five others 
he has passed to the life eternal. Those still 
living at this writing (the early part of 1895) 
are Elizabeth, wife of Timothy Hurley, a 



resident of Centralia, Wis. ; Thomas, who 
makes his home in Grand Rapids; Mar- 
garet, wife of John Quirk, who is located in 
Saratoga, Wood Co., Wis.; Rose and Mary 
Ann, both of whom are still living inlreland. 

The wedding tour of Mr. and Mrs. 
Byrnes consisted of an ocean voyage — a trip 
across the Atlantic to the United States 
in search of a new home. They at once 
came to Wisconsin, locating first in Osh- 
kosh, but after a few-months' residence there 
they came to Grand Rapids, where Mr. 
Byrnes continued until his death. He was 
one of the first settlers of that place, and 
took an active part in its development, being 
prominently identified with its upbuilding. 
For a few years after his arrival here he engag- 
ed in lumbering, but in later years he turned 
his attention to agricultural pursuits, which 
he successfully carried on throughout his re- 
maining days, being recognized as one of 
the leading farmers of the neighborhood. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Edward Byrnes nine 
children were born as follows: James, born 
March 4, 1856, was drowned May 31, 1864, 
in the Wisconsin river; Edward A., born 
August II. 1858, now makes his home in 
Merrill, \\'is. ; George Andrew, born Feb- 
ruary 28, i860, died August 27, 1862; 
Mary Alice, born May 16, 1862, is now the 
wife of John Corbett, a resident of Glidden, 
Ashland Co., Wis.; William James, born 
September 17, 1864, was drowned in 
Grandfather Falls, Wisconsin river. May 
10, 1895; Margaret Theresa, born Decem- 
ber 14, 1866, is a teacher in the schools of 
Morse, Wis. ; Andrew Eugene, born May 
16, 1869, is living in Merrill; Rose Ellen, 
born June 9, 1873, is now successfully en- 
gaged in teaching in the public schools of 
Lincoln county. Wis. ; and Martha Eliza- 
beth, born September i, 1875, is also a 
school teacher of recognized ability. 

Mr. Byrnes was a man of sterling qual- 
ities, commanding the respect and admira- 
tion of all who knew him, as one of the use- 
ful, honorable and public-spirited men of 
the community. He passed peacefully 
away October 19. 1891, leaving a widow 
and seven children to mourn the loss of a 
loving husband and a kind and indulgent 

EDWARD T. BODETTE, a practical 
shoemaker, and an old and univer- 
sally respected citizen of Grand 
Rapids, Wood county, was born at 
Three Rivers, in the Province of Quebec, 
Canada, November 9, 1846. 

He is a son of Nelson and Amelia Bo- 
dette, also natives of Canada, who left that 
country for Rochester, N. Y. , both dying in 
Churchville, a village about fourteen miles 
from that city. Their family numbered five 
children, of whom we give brief mention as 
follows : Agnes, now the wife of John 
Spitzmerser, is a resident of Churchville, 
N. Y. ; Nelson is also living in that place; Ed- 
ward T. is the subject of this sketch; Elijah 
is living in Churchville; Mary, now the wife 
of William Faily, is located at South Byron, 
New York. 

When a year old, Edward T. Bodette 
was taken by his parents to the Empire 
State, and was reared to manhood in their 
home, while in the common schools of 
Churchville he obtained a fair knowledge of 
the common English branches of learning. 
On making choice of an occupation which 
he wished to follow for a livelihood, he de- 
termined upon shoe making, a trade he 
learned and has followed throughout his en- 
tire life. In the spring of 1857, when a 
youth of eleven years, he came with his 
parents to Grand Rapids, Wis. ; but they 
were not favorably impressed with this coun- 
try, which was then a wild and undeveloped 
region, and after a six-months' residence 
here returned to Rochester, N. Y. Mr. 
Bodette, however, again sought a home here 
in 1869. This time he came alone, and 
seeing a good opening for a shoemaker, he 
decided to remain, and established a shop 
which he has sirjce conducted. His ex- 
cellent workmanship, his pleasant and genial 
manner, and his efforts to please his cus- 
tomers, soon brought him a liberal patron- 
age, which increased as the town became 
more thickly settled, and he has done a 
good business. Indolence is not found in 
his nature, and idleness forms no part of his 
composition. He has led a busy and useful 
life, and has won the confidence and esteem 
of all with whom business or social relations 
have brought him in contact. Mr. Bodette 



exercises his right of franchise in support of 
the men and measures of the Repubhcan 
party, and in rehgious faith he and his family 
hold membership with the Roman Catholic 

In November, 1873, our subject married 
Miss Bertha Zeaman, a daughter of Louis 
and Mary Zeaman, both of whom were born 
in Germany, but are now residents of 
Sigel township, Wood Co., Wis. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bodette are the parents of eight chil- 
dren, six of whom are yet living, as follows: 
Joseph Edward, Francis Nelson, William 
Arthur, Edward, George and Mabel Amelia. 


ART. HIRZEL, a prosperous and 

representative business man of 

Vilas county, is a native of New 

York State, born in Erie county, 

March 26, 1864, of German descent. 

Grandfather Hirzel was born in Baden, 
Germany, where he married and whence he 
came to the United States, settling in an 
early day in Buffalo, N. Y., where he was 
proprietor of a meat market. This honored 
pioneer couple had five children, named 
respectively: George, Fred, Martin, David 
and Sarah. The parents of these and also 
their son George subsequently returned to 
Germany, and there died. Another son, 
David, father of our subject, was born at 
Williamsville, Erie Co., N. Y., in 1834, 
and for many years was a stock man in the 
Buffalo (N. Y.) stock yards. He there 
married Mary Sturt, who was born, in 1836, 
in Philadelphia, Penn., of German parents, 
who emigrated to this country shortly after 
their marriage, and died in Philadelphia the 
parents of three children: Martin, Godfrey 
and Mary. To David and Mary Hirzel 
were born ten children, named respectively: 
Mary, David, Emma, Godfrey, Martin, 
Albert, Alvin, William, Ella and Emil. Mr. 
Hirzel, in 1874, left Buffalo, and made his 
last earthly home on a fruit farm at Will- 
iamsville, N. Y. , where he passed the rest 
of his days, dying in 1883. The widowed 
mother sold this farm in 1893, and now 
lives with her daughter, Mrs. Schaffer, at 
Clare, Mich. David Hirzel's brother, Fred, 

died at Yorkshire, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. , 
and the other brother, Martin, lives at 
Whitehouse, Ohio, with the sister, Sarah. 

Mart. Hirzel, the subject proper of these 
lines, received his education at an academy 
at Williamsville, both in English and Ger- 
man. When seventeen years old he moved 
west to Michigan and worked in the woods, 
lumbering, until coming to Eagle River, 
August 28, 1885, where during the first 
summer he was employed in a sawmill — in 
the winter in the woods, and in the spring on 
the ••drive." In the spring of 1888 he em- 
barked in his present wholesale and retail 
coal, wood, ice, lime, brick, hair and 
cement business, in addition to which he is 
also agent for the Pabst Brewing Co. of 

On July 22, 1 891, Mr. Hirzel was mar- 
ried, at Eagle River, to Miss Rosa B. Allen, 
who was born at Norfolk, Va., August 18, 
1 87 1, daughter of Perry C. and Fannie 
fWisej Allen, natives of Pennsylvania, who 
were the parents of three daugfiters: Lettie, 
Rosa B., and Hattie. The mother of these 
now lives at Eagle River. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hirzel have no children. They have an 
elegant and attractive home in Eagle River, 
in addition to which our subject owns other 
cit3' property, besides land in another part 
of the county. In his political predilections 
he is a Democrat, and he has served his city 
as supervisor and as superintendent of the 
water works. Socially, he is a member of 
the I. O. O. F., Lodge No. 109, Eagle 
River, of which he is recording secretary. 
As a typical self-made man, one who has, 
unaided, " hoed his own row," Mr. Hirzel 
stands conspicuously in the front rank of 
the successful ones. 

JOHN AND JAMES RICE, members of 
the well-known firm of John Rice & 
Brother Co. , proprietors of foundry and 
machine shops, etc. , and dealers in 
coal, agricultural implements, etc., Stevens 
Point, Portage county, rank among the 
most enterprising and progressive business 
men of the Northern Wisconsin Valley. 

They are natives of County Louth, Ire- 
land, born, John in 1838, and James in 

I So 


1843. James Rice, their father, born 
April 15, 181 1, came to America in 1842, 
when John and James were small boys, the 
family first locating at Geneva, N. Y. , 
thence proceeding to Milwaukee, Wis., and 
from there to Nekimi, Winnebago county, 
where the father carried on farming pur- 
suits, and was also engaged in railroad 
work as foreman. He was "boss" of a 
large gang of men employed on the con- 
struction of the "Darlington railroad," and 
was regarded as one of the most efficient 
foremen or superintendents in that line of 
work in the State. He subsequently moved 
to Eden township. Fond du Lac county, 
about eleven miles from the city of Fond 
du Lac, where he was engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits until moving to Oshkosh, in 
which place he was employed in Campbell's 
shingle mill. From there he ne.xt removed 
to Seymour, Outagamie county, and here 
bought a farm of fully 200 acres where he 
lived until February 15, 1884, the day of 
his death, which was caused by an accident. 
He was returning from a visit to the village 
of Seymour, two miles distant, was walk- 
ing along the track, and being muffled up, 
and, moreover, somewhat deaf, being 
seventy-three years old, did not hear the 
approaching train, which struck him, pro- 
ducing such injuries that he died nine days 
after, retaining consciousness to the last. 

The brothers were reared on the farm, 
John after a time learning the trade of car- 
penter, while James continued working on 
the homestead, also engaging in getting out 
logs by contract, each thus continuing for 
some years. John went to the gold fields 
"out West," and for seven or eight years 
met with remarkable success, having struck 
one of the richest and most productive fields 
in the entire "diggings." On his return he 
engaged in the sawmilling business in Oconto, 
becoming in course of a short time a partner 
in the industry, the firm name being Amy, 
Rice & Fitzgerald, which continued some 
four or five years, when Mr. Rice sold out 
and moved to Oshkosh, becoming interested 
in the tanner}' business in partnership with 
Mr. Reuben Dowd, under the firm style of 
Dowd & Rice. His next enterprise was in 
the Wolf River Transportation Co., of which 

he became part owner; then in partnership 
with Reuben Dowd he embarked in the log- 
ging business on Wolf river, James Rice 
acting as their foreman, this industry con- 
tinuing until 1S72, in which year John and 
James Rice entered into partnership in the 
establishment of a foundr}' and machine 
business in Weyauwega, Waupaca Co. , \\' is. , 
and after five years, in 1877, they located a 
branch business at Stevens Point (South 
Side), Portage county, where is now the 
John Week planing-mill, in 1880 removing 
their entire plant to thir present site on Clark 
street, Stevens Point, which has since been 
carried on successfully under the firm name 
of John Rice & Brother Co., with John Rice 
as president and James Rice as vice-presi- 
dent and general manager. They do a large 
business all around, giving employment in 
the foundry and machine shops alone to 
some twenty hands when running their full 
capacity. Among the leading articles turned 
out by the firm may be mentioned edgers, 
trimmers, bolters, pulleys, rope-feeds and 
and sawmill carriages and machinery gener- 
ally; also engines, boilers, all kinds of en- 
gine brasses, etc., in fact, everything con- 
nected with mills and mill machinery in gen- 
eral. The brothers also operated a sawmill 
in Bayfield countj-, W'is. , at Benoit, on the 
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha 
railroad, commencing business December 3, 
1889, and conducting same until July 4, 
1892, when it burned down. The firm was 
known as the Benoit Lumber Co., of which 
James Rice was president and John Rice 
secretary and treasurer. They still own 
320 acres of land in that vicinity. At the 
time of the construction of the Wisconsin 
Central railroad they took a large contract, 
which included the piling and bridging at 
Gill's Landing, across the W^)lf river and 
adjoining bayous. 

John Rice was married September 14, 
1869, to Miss Elvira Jones, a lady of Welsh 
descent, and three children were born to 
them, namely: Ellen, Ada and Margery, 
the last named beiivg deceased, having been 
suffocated to death at the burning of the 
Sisters' school at Lake Villa, near Madison, 
Wis., in 1893. John Rice served as chief 
of Stevens Point Fire Department, and was 



a member of the county board of Portage 

James Rice was married at New London, 
Wis., January i, 1872, to Miss Helen Jane 
Micklejohn, and four children were born to 
them, as follows: Theodore James, a fire- 
man on the "Soo" railroad, who one 
stormy, sleety trip, November 25, 1892, 
fell (how was never known) a distance of 
65 feet from his engine at Marine Sation, 
Madison Co., Minn., and was instantly 
killed; John Francis, now studying law; 
Earl M., and Hazel May, both attending 

In political proclivities the brothers are 
both Democrats, with liberal and independ- 
ent tendencies, never aspiring to office, and 
they were both reared in the faith of the 
Roman Catholic Church. They are en- 
terprising in the true sense of the term, 
and have deservedly prospered, have done 
much toward the improvement of the city 
of their adoption, and at the present time, 
1895, are interested in the Stevens Point 
Land Improvement Company, and hold 
stock in the District Fair Association, 
toward which they liberally subscribed. 
James Rice was chief of the Fire Depart- 
ment in 1 891; he is a stockholder in the 
Citizens National Bank, Stevens Point. 

WP. NICHOLS, the well-known and 
popular treasurer of Dupont town- 
ship, Waupaca county, claims 
Ireland as the land of his nativity. 
He was born January 24, 1847, ^nd is a 
son of Patrick and Johanna (Griffin) 
Nichols, who were natives of County Lim- 
erick, Ireland. There the father spent his 
entire life, his death occurring in that 
county in 185 i. 

In 1853 the mother brought her family 
to America, locating first in Syracuse, N. Y. , 
from there going to Carlisle township, 
Lorain Co., Ohio, in 1858. Five years 
later she came to Dupont township, Wau- 
paca county, and the Nichols were the 
tenth family within its borders. Here the 
mother spent her remaining days, being 
called to the home beyond February 9, 
1885, leaving two sons, W. P. and Daniel 

J., both farmers of Dupont township. 
These boys accompanied their mother on 
her various removals, and the first named 
was educated in the common schools of 
Lorain county, Ohio, where he first en- 
gaged in business for_ himself, as a farm 
hand. Subsequently he followed teaming 
in Cleveland, and at the age of eighteen 
years he became a resident of Dupont town- 
ship, \\'aupaca county, where he aided in 
clearing the home farm. He also worked 
in the lumber woods on Pigeon river, and 
in those early dajs became familiar with all 
the experiences and hardships of frontier 

In New London, Wis., April 9, 1871,. 
was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Nichols 
and Miss Fannie Ruddy, who was born 
in Grafton township, Ozaukee Co., Wis., 
daughter of John and Bridget (Conniff) 
Ruddy, pioneers of that county and natives 
of the Emerald Isle. Her father came to 
this state a single man, and here met, 
wooed and won his estimable wife. For 
some years he was engaged in work on the 
river, running boats between New London 
and Oshkosh, and to Berlin. He afterward 
turned his attention to farming, locating a 
tract of wild land on Bear creek, Waupaca 
county, where he cleared and opened up a 
farm and spent the remainder of his life. 
He passed away February 20, 1883, and 
his widow, who still survives him. is }'et liv- 
ing on the old homestead. They reared a 
family of children as follows: Mrs. Nichols; 
William, a resident of Grant township, 
Shawano Co., Wis.; Charles, who is living 
in Idaho; James Fairbanks, also of Sha- 
wano county; Mrs. C. E. Beedle, of Clinton- 
ville. Wis. ; Mrs. Landon, of Minneapolis, 
Minn. ; and Louis, at home. In 1871, Mr. 
Nichols located on his present farm, on 
which not a furrow had been turned or an 
improvement made. He built a small log 
house, 16 X 20 feet, and it was his place of 
residence until 1892, when he erected a 
good frame dwelling, one story and a half 
in height, 16 x 24 feet with an L, 16 x 20 
feet. He also erected a large barn, 40 x 54 
feet, with 16 foot posts, and his farm com- 
prises eighty acres of land. In addition to its 
cultivation, he is also engaged in the lumber 


business, and successfully manages both in- 
terests, being a man of good business and 
executive abilit}', energetic and progressive. 
In politics, Mr. Nichols is a Democrat, 
a leader of his party in this section of the 
•county. In 1871, Jie was elected town 
treasurer, had previously been town clerk, 
and has since served as town clerk and 
town supervisor. In 1S93 he was again 
elected treasurer of Dupont township, and 
is now filling that position in a creditable 
and acceptable manner with the same fideli- 
ty with which he discharges every trust re- 
posed in him. The cause of education finds 
in him a warm friend, and he does all in his 
power for the promotion of the schools of 
this communit}-. Both he and his wife hold 
■membership with the Catholic Church. 

EDWARD CLEARY, conductor on the 
Ashland division of the Chicago & 
North Western railroad, with resi- 
dence at Antigo, Langlade county, 
-was born in Lancaster, Worcester Co., 
Mass., October 25, 1855, son of Michael 
•Cleary, who was born in Ireland about the 
year 1827, son of Edward Cleary, who died 
in Ireland when Michael was but ten years 
of age, leaving a widow and six children, 
viz. : Maurice, Garret, Edward, Patrick, 
Michael and Ann. 

Michael Cleary, father of the subject of 
this sketch, came to America when twenty 
years of age, or in 1847, and settled in 
Massachusetts. Here he was married to 
TMary Powers, who was born in Ireland in 
1830, one of a family of seven children — 
Catherine, William, Patrick, John, Michael, 
Edmond and Mary — born to Edward and 
Margaret (Hayes) Powers, the former of 
^whom was a farmer and fisherman. In 
1855 the family came to America and 
settled in Massachusetts where the father 
died in 1867; the mother passed away in 
Appleton, June 11, 1894, aged ninety-eight 
years. To Michael and Mary (Powers) 
deary were born eight children, viz. : 
Maurice (who died in 1879 at the age of 
eighteen), Edward. Michael, Ellen, Kather- 
ine and Margaret, and two deceased in 
infancy. Michael Cleary, the father, came 

to Wisconsin, in 1863, first locating in 
Appleton, from which place he moved soon 
after to a farm and returned to Appleton 
where, in March, 1895, he died. Mrs. Ellen 
Cleary, widow of Edward Cleary and 
mother of Michael, followed her sons to 
America, and died at Michael's home in 

Edward Cleary. the subject proper of 
this sketch, was given the advantages of the 
common schools, and remained at home on 
the farm with his parents until he was nine- 
teen years of age. He then went into the 
lumber woods, and worked there during the 
winters of four years, returning home in the 
summers to assist his father on the farm. In 
June, 1878, he was engaged on the right of 
way for the new railroad, chopping ties, and 
in the following December commenced 
braking on what was then the Milwaukee, 
Lake Shore and Western railroad, now the 
Ashland division of the Chicago & North 
Western. He has railroaded ever since, 
being one of the oldest men on this division, 
and has been promoted from time to time 
until in 1884 he was given a passenger run. 
In 1886 he took up his residence in Antigo. 
and having great faith in the prospects of 
the town, has done everything in his power 
to help in building it up; in 1891 he erected 
a fine block, and moreover is interested in 
several other blocks here. He is president 
of the J. C. Lewis Hardware Co., and has 
dealt extensively in outside lands. 

Mr. Cleary was married, in 1882, to Miss 
Margaret Morrissey, of Appleton, daughter 
of Patrick and Margaret (Landers) Morrissey, 
natives of Ireland, who emigrated to the 
United States, making their first New- World 
home in Massachusetts where they were 
married. They had a familj- of eight chil- 
dren: Patrick, John, Thomas, Catherine. 
Ellen, Margaret, Johannah and Mary Ann, 
three of whom are deceased, viz. : Patrick, 
Catherine and Mary Ann. Patrick was or- 
dained a Catholic priest in 1875, and died 
at St. Louis, Mo., May 10, 1892; John, who 
was ordained a priest in 1883, is now pastor 
of a congregation at Oshkosh; Thomas is 
married and lives in Antigo, Wis., where he 
is manager of the Delaglise estate; Ellen is 
a Sister of Charity at St. Agnes Convent, 



Fond du Lac, Wis. The family came to 
this State in 1850, where the father followed 
agricultural pursuits; the mother died in 
March, 1885. To Mr. and Mrs. Cleary ha\e 
been born five children: John E., Agnes M., 
Raymond \V., Emmet \'., and Aloysius F. 
In his political predilections our subject 
is a Republican, and has served his adopted 
city as supervisor one year, and alderman 
two years. Socially, he is a member of the 
Order of Railroad Conductors of America; 
•was a delegate to Toledo, Ohio, in May, 
1893, and a delegate to Atlanta, Ga. , in 
1895, from the lodge at Ashland, Wis.; he 
was first chief conductor of the lodge at 
Ashland in 1SS9, and elected twice after- 
ward, serving in that incumbency three years 
in all. In religious faith the entire family 
are members of the Catholic Church. Mr. 
Cleary owns one of the handsomest homes 
in the city of Antigo, and figures as one of 
the representative men of the place. Being 
public-spirited, he is ever ready to advance 
any cause that he thinks will permanently 
aid the growth and prosperity of the cit}'. 
He is much respected by all who know him, 
the more so because he is known to have 
commenced at the bottom of the ladder, and 
with no assistance, save his own energy and 
attentiveness to business, worked himself up 
to a position of prominence and affluence. 
He is justly proud of the fact that, though 
he has been a railroad man nearly all of his 
life, he is not unfitted for other lines of use- 
fulness, and he is counted one of the prac- 
tical business men of Antigo. 

Among the energetic and progressive 
farmers of lola township, Waupaca 
county, is this gentleman, who is en- 
gaged in general farming in Section 28, 
where he has a good farm of eighty acres, 
which he has developed from its primitive 

Mr. Iseland was born in Norway in De- 
cember, 1825, and is a son of Jacob Erick- 
son, a farmer of moderate circumstances. 
He is the only one of the family who grew 
to adult age, and was but two and a half 
years old at the time of his mother's death. 

after which he was reared by others. His 
father also died when he had reached the age 
of thirteen, leaving very little property. 
His early life was that common to all farmer 
boys in Norway, and his opportunities for 
acquiring an education were quite limited. 
His only home was with the farmers for 
whom he worked, but he saved his wages 
until he had enough money to bring him to 
America, knowing that his chances of obtain- 
ing a home by his own efforts in Norway 
were iew. In company with Knute Erick- 
son, now of lola township, Waupaca county, 
he in the spring of 1849 left Skein, Norway, 
on a sailing vessel, which after a voyage of 
six weeks landed him on xAmerican soil. 

Mr. Iseland at once came to Waukesha 
county. Wis., and at the time had $70, but 
this all went to pay doctor bills. He was 
then employed as a farm hand, receiving 
from $10 to $15 per month, and remained 
in that county four years, at the end of which 
time he concluded to come to northern Wis- 
consin. As many of his countrymen were 
living in Waupaca county, he decided here 
to locate. With two others he made the 
trip in a single wagon. Knute Erickson, 
with whom he had crossed the ocean, was 
then living in lola township, and he made a 
temporary home with him some three years. 
He then bought his present farm, which 
comprised 120 acres, but he has since sold 
forty acres of it. The land was then in its 
primitive condition, mostly covered with 
timber and scrub oak, though there was a 
small piece of natural prairie. He imme- 
diately began clearing and developing this 
land, and erected a small log house, the first 
building upon the place. 

In lola, on Christmas Day, 1858, was 
celebrated the marriage of Mr. Iseland and 
Miss Mary Johnson, a native of Norway, 
born January i, 1843. and a daughter of 
Nels Johnson, who was a miner and com- 
mon laborer in his native land. In the 
spring of 1853 the father brought his family 
to America, there being at that time two 
children — Mary and Jens P. Nelson. He 
first located in Chicago, securing work on 
the railroads in Illinois, but the following 
spring came to lola township, making his 
home on a farm in Section 33. He soon 



after went to Stevens Point, where he kept 
a boarding house for a time, after which he 
returned to lola township and engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. His death occurred 
in South Dakota at the age of sixty-nine 
years; his wife passed away in lola, at the 
age of seventy-seven. Mr. and Mrs. Iseland 
began their domestic life on his farm in their 
little shanty, which at that .time had not 
even a window, which he bought later at 
Stevens Point. Their home was brightened 
by the birth of ten children: Annie, now 
the wife of Carl Evenson, of Wausau, Wis. ; 
Julia, who was the wife of Andrew Daniel- 
son, and died September 23, 1891, at 
Stevens Point; Nellie, wife of Hans Olson, 
of Hazelhurst, Wis.; Julius, at home; Henry, 
a farm hand; Nettie, who died at the age of 
eighteen; Edwin, of Hazelhurst, Wis.; 
Josephine, a dress maker of Wausau, Wis. ; 
and Gena and Lewis, at home. 

For ten months Mr. Iseland served his 
adopted country as a soldier during the Civil 
war, enlisting in the fall of 1864 in Company 
C, F"orty-fourth Wis. V. I. , under Capt. 
Vaughn, and was mostly engaged in doing 
guard and patrol duty in Nashville, Tenn., 
during the winter of 1864-65. In the spring 
he went to Paducah, Ky., where he received 
his discharge and returned home in August, 

In the early days during some seasons 
the crops were poor, and Mr. Iseland would 
then work on the Wisconsin Central rail- 
road, which was then being constructed, in 
order to support his family, leaving the 
farm, where it was a difficult matter to get 
enough to live on during a drought. All the 
improvements now found upon the place 
have been the work of himself and sons, 
who are industrious, enterprising young 
men, and his wife has also proved a faithful 
helpmeet. The family holds a high place 
in the esteem and confidence of their fellow 
citizens which they justly merit. Mr. Ise- 
land is a Republican in politics, but he does 
not care to take an active part in public 
life, though he cordially supports any meas- 
ure that will benefit the community or State 
at large. With the Lutheran Church of 
Scandinavia, himself and family hold mem- 

JACOB STAUB is familiarly known to 
the people of Scandinavia township as 
one of the most enterprising and pro- 
gressive farmers of Waupaca county. 
He is a native of Switzerland, born in the 
village of Thalweil, Canton of Zurich, April 
4, 1850, and is a son of Jacob Staub, who 
was a farmer of ordinary means, and the 
father of nine children, eight of whom 
crossed the broad Atlantic to the New 

Our subject attended the schools of his 
native land, and remained under the par- 
ental roof until August 16, 1867, when he 
left the old home, determined to come to 
America, where he believed that better op- 
portunities were afforded young men. At 
Havre, France, he took passage on board 
the "Guiding Star," which left port on the 
2 1st of August. His destination was Van- 
Dyne, Wis., where he had acquaintances 
living, and near there he obtained work as a 
farm hand. At the end of two months, 
however, he came to Helvetia township, 
Waupaca county, and obtained employment 
with J. H. Leuthold with whom he remained 
1 during the winter of 1867-68, and then 
worked at whatever he could find to d(j in 
order to gain an honest living. 
I In the spring of 1868 the parents of Mr. 
; Staub started from Switzerland for the 
: United States, but while cit route, the father 
I died at Detroit, Mich., and was there buried. 
The widowed mother then came on to Helve- 
tia township, and as our subject, being the 
oldest son, was regarded as the head of the 
family, he lived with her until 1872 when he 
came to Scandinavia township, where his 
eldest sister, Wilhelmina, wife of Jacob 
Aeberle, resided. During the summer he 
rented a farm, but in the fall of that year 
purchased the same, which was 160 acres 
in Section 9, going in debt for the whole 
amount — one thousand dollars — on which he 
had to pay eight and ten per cent interest. 
At Black Wolf, Winnebago Co., Wis., 
on November 14, 1872, Mr. Staub was mar- 
ried to Miss Anna Laager, who was born 
January 10, 1854, in the city of Mollis, 
Canton Glarus, Switzerland, a daughter of 
Nicholas Laager, who was a decorator in a 
woolen factory. When sixteen years of age 



Mrs. Staub came alone to America, sailing 
from Havre, France, on the "Erie," and at 
the end of seventeen days landed at New 
York, from which city she came to Oshkosh, 
Wis. She had attended the common schools 
in her native land, but never an English 
school. In Mollis she began work in a 
woolen factory as decorator, saving her 
money, to which she added by borrowing 
from her brothers and sisters until she had 
$68, enough to bring her to the United 
States. Here she worked as a servant girl 
until she could repay the money, which re- 
quired a 3'ear and a half's industrious labor. 
Mr. and Mrs. Staub began their domestic 
life in a very modest little home on his farm, 
to which he has added until he now owns 
290 acres in Scandinavia township, and 
eighty acres in Helvetia. Two children 
have been born to them: Erick N. , a farmer, 
born January g, 1874; and Walter J., at 
home, born May 7, 1875. 

In political faith Mr. Staub is a Demo- 
crat, a stanch follower of the doctrines as 
formulated by that party, but gives little at- 
tention to political affairs, his time being 
fully occupied by the labors of his farm. 
For the prosperity that has come to him 
through his persistent efforts and intelligent 
management, he is greatly indebted to his 
wife, who has assisted him by every means 
in her power. Their comfortable residence 
is surrounded by a beautiful grove, and 
everj'thing about the place denotes the owner 
to be a progressive, industrious and energetic 
man. He has succeeded in life without the 
help of an education in English, but has 
observed closely, and thus prospered. He 
holds membership with the Reformed 

NA. COLMAN. This gentleman, one 
of the busiest and most prom- 
inent citizens of Vilas county, is a 
native of Wisconsin, born in Green- 
bush, Sheboygan county. May 4, i860. 

His father, Charles B. Colman, was 
born February 4, 1822, in Warren, Litch- 
field Co., Conn. The family is of Eng- 
lish origin, the ancestry being traced back 
to three brothers who came from England 

to America in an early day, one of them 
making his home in Warren, Connecticut. 

Hon. C. B. Colman received his educa- 
tion at the Warren Academy. After finish- 
ing his education he taught school for some 
time, and in 1S42 started out to see "the 
West." He was pleased with Wisconsin, 
and took up a homestead in Sheboygan 
county, twenty miles west of Lake Mich- 
igan. Thus he came alone to Wisconsin 
leaving father, mother, one brother — Fred- 
rick — and three sisters — Lucia, Sarah and 
Elizabeth — in Connecticut. After being 
successfully engaged in agricultural pursuits 
for some time, he married Miss Emma 
Carter, of the same county, but after a brief 
married life she died leaving an infant 
daughter, Orpha E. 

Mr. Colman took for a second wife Miss 
Anna S. Stoddard, a native of New York, 
whose parents, Jonathan and Phcebe 
(Carter) Stoddard, were natives of Canada. 
By this marriage five children were born, 
\\z.: Florence, Niles A., Henry J., C. 
Francis and Emogene. The father of N. A. 
Colman is a stanch member of the Dem- 
ocratic party, and has always taken an act- 
ive part in political affairs. He has filled 
many town and county offices, besides serv- 
ing as member of the Assembly from She- 
boygan county. He is a man of well-known 
ability and mental activity. Hon. C. B. 
Colman and wife now make their home in 
Dunn county, Wisconsin. 

In June, 1892, N. A. Colman was mar- 
ried at Eagle River to Isliss Bessie B. Shank, 
who died March 8, 1894, leaving, a daugh- 
ter, Bessie D., nine days old. Mrs. N. A. 
Colman was a native of Michigan, born, in 
1874, in Osceola county, and a daughter of 
Alonzo M. and Essie Shank, who had four 
children — Cora, Byron, Bruce and Bessie 
B. Mr. Shank is a lumberman by occupa- 

During the youth and early manhood of 
Mr. Colman he remained on his father's 
farm in Sheboygan county, attending the 
schools of Greenbush up to the age of 
eighteen when he commenced to teach in 
the district schools, continuing thus two 
years. After this he attended school at 
Oshkosh, and in the fall of 1S84 entered 


the University of Wisconsin at Madison. 
In 1887 he entered the Law Department of 
the University, attending until June 19, 
1889, when he graduated — being admitted 
to practice in all courts. 

Mr. Colman educated himself, teaching 
and studying alternately, and while in Mad- 
ison was in the office of William F. \'ilas. 
In July, after being admitted to the bar, he 
came to Rhinelander, Oneida county, re- 
maining there four months in the oflfice of 
Alban & Barnes, and on December i, 1889, 
opened a law office at Eagle River under 
the firm name of Alban, Barnes & Colman. 
This partnership continued two years, 
Messrs. Alban & Barnes withdrawing at the 
end of that time. Mr. Colman has since 
practiced alone, meeting with flattering suc- 
cess in his chosen profession, a success 
which he well deserves. 

Like his father before him, he is public- 
spirited, and the people, recognizing in him 
one who would attend to their interests 
with all the zeal and ability at his command, 
have chosen him to various offices of trust, 
the duties of which he has ever faithfully 
discharged. In 1 893 his assistance was 
proven valuable in the work of getting Vilas 
county set off from Oneida. His wide ac- 
quaintance with public men making him a 
strong ally; he spent much time at Madison, 
and finally, with others equally interested, 
succeeded in having the new county of \'ilas 
formed and the county seat fixed at Eagle 
River. On the organization of the county 
he was made district attorney, resigning 
the position of superintendent of schools of 
Oneida county (to which he had been 
elected in 1892) to accept. In the fall of 
1894 he was elected district attorney on the 
Democratic ticket, although the county 
otherwise went strongly Republican, a com- 
pliment which he did not fail to appreciate. 


present is living retired on his 
farm in New Hope township. Port- 
age county, was born in Norway, 
June 23, 1838, a son of Elling and Karen 
(Mortonson) Johnson, natives of the same 

country, where the father engaged in farm- 
ing, an occupation he made his life work. 

In the spring of 1857, accompanied by 
his wife and children, Mr. Johnson emigrat- 
ed to America, sailing from Christiania on 
the "Argo," which dropped anchor in the 
harbor of Quebec at the end of seven weeks, 
and from that cit\' they came immediately 
to New Hope township, Portage county, 
making the journe\- by water, rail and 
wagon. On his arrival the father purchased 
eighty acres of wild land, on which not a 
tree had been cut or an improvement of any 
kind made. After clearing enough space he 
built a log house, where the family lived 
for many years and where his death occur- 
red. The mother then sold that place and 
bought another home in New Hope town- 
ship, but died at the home of her son Ole. 
The other children of the family besides our 
subject, who is. the eldest, were John, a 
farmer of Dakota, who enlisted in the 
Twelfth \\'is. V. I. during the war of the 
Rebellion, and served throughout the strug- 
gle; Christian, also a farmer of Dakota; 
Rhoda, wife of Nels Loberg, of New Hope; 
and Sina, deceased wife of John Johnson. 

In the common schools of his native 
land our subject acquired a very good edu- 
cation, and was reared to agricultural pur- 
suits. After coming to America he hired 
out as a farm hand, and was also employed 
for some years in a sawmill, and in the 
lumber woods near ilerrill, Wis. For four 
or five seasons before entering the Union 
service during the Civil war, he "ran on the 
river." In Scandinavia, Wis., August 27, 

1864, he enlisted as a private in Cohipany 
A, Forty-second Wis. V. I., under Capt. 
Duncan McGregor, and was enrolled for 
one year's service. After enlistment he 
went into camp at Madison, Wis., for a 
short time, whence he was sent to Cairo, 
111., where he remained until the close of 
hostilities, with the e.xception of an e.xpedi- 
tion he accompanied down to Neiv Orleans, 
conveying prisoners. At that city they re- 
mained about four days, when they returned 
to Cairo. At Madison, Wis., on June 20, 

1865, he was honorably discharged. 

On returning to New Hope township 
Mr. EUingson, in company with his brother 



Christian, bought 160 acres of land, of 
which onl}' ten had been cleared, and, prior 
to his brother's going to Dakota, he pur- 
chased the latter's interest. His farm, which 
is located in Sections 9 and 10, is one of 
the best in the township, and he has built 
thereon a comfortable dwelling. He now 
makes his home with the people who have 
rented his farm, as he is living retired. He 
affiliates with the Republican party, and is 
one of its most active adherents, though in 
no sense a politician. Religiously he is a 
communicant of the Norwegian Lutheran 
Church of New Hope, and he is one of the 
highly esteemed and honored citizens of the 

LYMAN J. COOK, member of the 
firm of Dickinson & Cook, the lead- 
ing general merchants and real-estate 
dealers of Eagle River, Vilas county, 
is a native of New York State, born Septem- 
ber 17, 1850, in North Norwich, Chenango 

Lyman D. Cook, father of our subject, 
first saw the light in Dutchess county, N. Y., 
being a son of Joseph Cook, who was of 
English descent. The latter was by occupa- 
tion a farmer and carpenter, and during the 
war of 1812 served as second lieutenant. 
In an early day he established a colony in 
Chenango county, purchasing a large tract 
of river flats, now part of the "Chenango 
Valley," no little sport being excited by his 
investing in such low land; but he lived to 
see his purchase become very valuable. He 
and his wife both died there, the parents of 
a numerous family: Lyman D., their son 
was reared to agricultural pursuits, which 
he made his life vocation. He was twice 
married: First to a Miss Fannie Fisher, by 
whom he had eight children who lived to 
maturit}-, viz. : Egbert, Alonzo, Almon, 
Thompson, Mary, Olive, Philenaand Rachel. 
After the death of the mother of these, Mr. 
Cook married Mary A. Bacon, by whom he 
had one child — Lyman J. This Mrs. Cook 
was a daughter of Horace and Mary (Rom- 
mer) Bacon, the former of whom was of 
English descent, the latter of French, her 
more immediate ancestors, whose names 

were Chevalier, having come over to America 
from France with La Fayette during the 
Revolutionary war, and served as soldiers 
under him. Lyman D. Cook participated 
in the Mexican war. In 1867 he came to 
Wisconsin, purchasing a farm in Black Creek 
township, Outagamie county, whereon he 
passed the rest of his days, dying in 1875; 
he was a strong Democrat in his political 
predilections, but voted for Lincoln. The 
widowed mother, after her husband's death, 
lived with her son Lyman J. up to her 
death, which occurred in 1889. 

The subject proper of these lines was 
reared on the farm, receiving his elementary 
education at the common schools, which 
was supplemented with two terms at the 
Union schools, and one term at select school. 
Early in life he assisted materially in the 
support of his parents, employing himself at 
both farming and lumbering until he was 
eighteen years old, when he went into the 
woods and for one winter wielded the axe in 
felling the trees. During the following 
eleven years or so he was engaged for his 
own account, alternately at farming in the 
summers and lumbering in the winters, 
which brings his life history down to 1879, 
in which year he moved to Marathon county, 
and in the village of Norrie built the second 
frame house, where he made his home nearly 
four years, conducting a general mercantile 
and drug business in partnershig with George 
P. Dickinson. In the spring of 1884 the 
firm removed to Eagle River, Vilas county, 
hauling their goods and chattels by wagon 
from Three Lakes, and for some time carry- 
ing on their business, which consisted of 
general merchandise, drugs, etc., in a tent, 
to which, later, they added real-estate deal- 
ings. Not long afterward a postoffice was 
established at Eagle River, Mr. Cook being 
appointed the first postmaster, and holding 
the position up to the time of Cleveland's 
first election; he had previously been post- 
master at Norrie, and was filling the incum- 
bency at the time of his leaving that village 
for Eagle River. The firm of Dickinson & 
Cook conduct the largest general store in 
this rising, hustling place, and are largely 
interested in lumbering, buying pine lands 
quite extensively. 



Mr. Cook has been twice married, first 
time to Miss Anna Eliza Butler, who was 
born in Sandusky, Ohio, daughter of Manara 
and Sarah Butler, natives of Ohio, who 
came to Wisconsin in an early day, and who 
had a family of two sons and four daughters: 
Daniel E., Nathan S., Dell, Emma E., 
Ettie C. and Anna Eliza. To this marriage 
were born three children: Grant D., Jay 
B. ,■ and one that died in infancy. The 
mother of these dying in 1877, Mr. Cook 
married, for his second wife, in 1S83, Miss 
Florence P. Thompson, who was born in 
Maine, near the city of Augusta, daughter of 
George W. and Charlotte Thompson, and 
this union has been blessed with five chil- 
dren: Paul L. , Lawrence (deceased at the 
age of seven yearsj, Morton, Mary and 

In politics our subject is a stanch Repub- 
lican; served as town treasurer of Eagle 
River si.\ years, and was chairman one year; 
was active in securing the organization of 
Vilas county, spending nearly an entire win- 
ter at Madison for that purpose. Socially 
he is a member of the F. & A. M. and I. O. 
O. F. Prior to embarking in mercantile 
pursuits Mr. Cook passed some two years in 
the South, with the view of locating there, 
but not liking the country returned to Wis- 
consin. He is one of the most influential 
business men in the county, and in a large 
measure enjoys the respect and esteem of 
his fellow men. 

ARTHUR TAYLOR, a highly re- 
spected citizen of Rhinelander, On- 
eida county, is a native of England, 
born in Ripley, Derbyshire, April 
16, 1858, son of Dr. Percival and Eliza 
(Bradley; Taylor. 

Benjamin Taylor, grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was postmaster at Ripley, Derbyshire, 
many years, and died in 1874, at the patri- 
archal age of ninety-eight years, while hold- 
ing that office; his wife lived to the great 
age of one hundred and two. 

Percival Taylor, father of our subject, 
was a graduate of medicine in England, 
which profession he more or less practiced 
until within the past few years. In his na- 

tive land he married Miss Eliza Bradley, 
b}' whom he had ten children, named re- 
spectively: William, Samuel, Walter, Mary, 
Hannah, Arthur, Ella, Anna, Percival H. 
(who died in 1868) and Percy. In the last 
named }'ear, in the month of February, the 
father and two of his sons — Samuel and 
Walter — crossed the Atlantic to Canada, 
locating in Montreal, the rest of the family 
following them in the month of June. In 
Sept., 1869, they moved to Upper Canada, 
settling on a large tract of land at Brace- 
bridge, Muskoka District, Ontario, and there 
remaining until 1882, in which year they 
came to Marinette, Wis., where thej* 
sojourned until 1885, then returning to 
Canada, to the old homestead in On- 
tario. In March, 1891, Dr. Taylor sold 
out and he and his wife moved to Chi- 
cago, 111., thence to Austin, 111., where he 
is now leading a retired life after practicing 
medicine over thirty years. On each of his 
children's birthda\'s he writes him or her a 

Arthur Taylor, whose name introduces 
this sketch, was ten years old when the 
family left the shores of Old England for 
Canada, and at the age of thirteen he left 
the parental roof to begin " hustling " for 
himself, working as a farm hand in sum- 
mers, and for lumbermen in the woods, 
winters, occasionally visiting the old home. 
In October, 1879, he came to the United 
States, making his residence in Schoolcraft 
county, Mich., till April, 1881, when he 
and his brother, Walter, moved to Mari- 
nette, Wis., and here leased a hotel; but 
not liking the business, Arthur sold his in- 
terest to his brother, and again worked in 
the lumber woods. He thus continued till 
November, 1 887, at which time he and his 
brother Walter commenced the manufacture 
of soda water in Marinette; but in Decem- 
ber, 1890,' our subject sold out, and at once 
coming to Rhinelander purchased his pres- 
ent soda-water plant, which he has since 
enlarged to treble its capacity, having a 
read}' sale for the product in the smaller 
towns within a radius of sixty miles. 

On May 3, 1883, Mr. Ta\lor was married 
to Miss Mary E. Richardson, who was born 
at Cheboygan, Mich., February 10, 1865, 



daughter of Thomas and Mary (Beloit) 
Richardson, who had eight children, viz. : 
Maggie, Joseph, Wilham, Addie and Eva 
(twins). Mar}- E. and Harriet S. (twins) 
and Thomas. To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor 
were born four children, only one of whom 
survives — Douglas A. ; Henry died in in- 
fancy; Lulu and Daphne died in 1891, the 
one on December 3, at the age of six j'ears, 
the other on December 6, aged four 3-ears. 
Mr. and Mrs. Taylor are members of the 
Congregational Church of Rhinelander, of 
which he is secretary-treasurer and a trus- 
tee; politically he is a Democrat, and has 
served on the school board. Socially he 
is a member of the F. & A. M. (Blue 
Lodge), and R. A. M., Royal Arcanum and 
Knights of Pythias; in the first named 
Order he has been secretarj' of his Lodge 
three years, and is now filling the chair of 
senior warden. He is a wide-awake, useful 
and loyal citizen, one of whom Oneida 
county may well feel proud. 

CASPAR S^^TH, a worthy represent- 
ative of the agricultural interests of 
Portage county, was born in the 
village of A'olkershausen, Bavaria, 
August 21, 1S20, and is a son of Andrew and 
Barbara Smith. The father was also born 
in that village, and was a well-to-do farmer; 
the mother was born in the village of 
Stadten. In Church matters he was promi- 
nent, was a highly-esteemed man, and when 
called to his final rest in the fall of 1853 his 
death was much lamented. His wife sur- 
vived him ten years, when she too departed 
this life. Of the children: John operated 
the old homestead until his death; Eva, 
wife of Adam Burkhart, died in Germany; 
Caspar is the next in the family; Elizabeth 
is the deceased wife of George Hochrein; 
Maria M. is living in Bavaria, and is totally 
blind; Margaretta came to America in 1854, 
shortly after married John Frank, and died 
in London, Wis., in 1890. 

Caspar Smith attended the common 
schools of his native town until thirteen 
years of age, and then worked at any em- 
ployment that he could secure until his 

twenty-sixth year. In 1846, he married 
Margarette Frank, a native of Bavaria. She 
owned a farm in Volkershausen, and thither 
the young couple removed, but after a year 
sold out, preparatory to emigrating to 
America. The}- had three children born in 
America: George W. and Martha, who came 
with their parents to America, and one that 
died on the vojage. In 1862, Mr. Smith 
took passage on a sailing vessel at Bremen, 
accompanied b}- his famil}-, and after a voy- 
age of forty-seven days landed at New York, 
whence they proceeded direct to Chicago, 
where Mr. Smith was employed as a laborer 
for a short time. He then removed to 
Madison, Wis., where they were all taken 
ill with typhoid fever and the wife and 
daughter died. Placing his son George in 
the care of a family in Madison, Mr. Smith 
went to Waupun, where for three months 
he was employed on the construction of the 
prison. Returning to Madison, he for a time 
worked in a hotel, and leaving that place 
went to Lake Mills, where he was employed 
in various capacities. 

There, on August 13, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company D, Twenty-ninth Wis. V. I., 
and was mustered into the service on Sep- 
tember 27. The troops joined the Army of 
the Southwest, and from the 9th of January 
until the lOth of April were engaged in vari- 
ous expeditions. They were then assigned 
to the Thirteenth Army Corps, aided in the 
siege of Vicksburg, and going down the 
river to Milliken's Bend there disembarked 
and marched to Perkin's plantation. After 
participating in the battle of Port Gibson 
and man}- skirmishes, they were stationed 
in the rear of \'icksburg and aided in its cap- 
ture. On July 5, the}- were ordered to Jack- 
son, engaged in the siege of that place and 
after its capture returned to \'icksburg, 
\\'hence on August 16, they proceeded down 
the river, stopping at Natchez for a few 
days. On they went to Carroilton, La., 
and on September 15, proceeded by rail to 
Brashear City. From that time until Janu- 
ary I, 1864, they were with Gen. Banks' 
army in the operations in Louisiana. On 
January 5, they embarked on ocean steamers 
for Texas, and did picket and out-post duty 
at Pass Cavillo until February 18. when 



the}' returned to Algiers and started on the 
Red river campaign under Gen. Banks. On 
April 8 occurred the hotly contested battle 
of Sabine Cross Roads, where the Union 
army was forced to retreat. This was the first 
time that the Twnety-ninth had met defeat 
since entering the service, and had it been 
properly supported the catastrophe would 
not have occurred. The troops gradually fell 
back to Alexandria, where they remained 
from April 25 until May 14, doing picket 
duty. There the Twentj-ninth was detailed 
to help construct the great Red river dam at 
that point for the purpose of getting the 
gunboats over the rapids, and when this was 
completed they started for Morganza, where 
they arrived May 23. On June 15 they 
reached Carrolton, La., and thence were 
ordered to Kentucky. Their rations were 
frequently limited, they often had no tents, 
had poor clothing, and all the hardships of 
war were endured by them. Jifr. Smith con- 
tracted rheumatism, but with the exception 
of a short time when confined in the hospital 
he was always with his regiment, faithful to 
every duty that devolved upon him. On 
June 13, 1865, Mr. Smith was mustered out 
and at once returned to Lake Mills, Wis. 
Shortly afterward he came to Amherst town- 
ship. Portage county, and bought forty acres 
of land, which he traded for a house and lot 
in Amherst Center. In October, 1879, he 
bought 1 10 acres of land, paying $900 in 
cash, and giving his home in town. His 
farm is located in Sections 28 and 29, Am- 
herst township, and 90 acres of the tract are 
cleared and under a high state of cultivation, 
yielding to the owner a golden tribute in re- 
turn for the care and cultivation he bestows 
upon it. 

Mr. Smith for his second wife was mar- 
ried, at Lake Mills, in 1855, to Amelia 
Feemier, a native of Germany, who died 
February 21, 1892. The children by this 
union are as follows: Sophia, wife of Ber- 
tram Harvey, a farmer of Amherst town- 
ship (they have one child, Verne); John G., 
a barber of Amherst, who married Anna 
Shattuck, and has two daughters, Mona and 
Ruth; and Caspar A. and Mary, both at 
home. George W. , Mr. Smith's eldest son, 
married Miss Sarah Wilson, and has four 

sons — DeForest D. , F. Clifford, Alfred G. 
and Willard W. 

Prior to 1861, Mr. Smith was a Demo- 
crat, but when the Republican party upheld 
the government during the war, he joined its 
ranks and with it afterward affiliated. He 
is a member of Captain Eckels Post, G. A. 
R. , of Amherst, and is an active member and 
leading worker in the Methodist Church. 
He has met with many reverses in life; but 
through energy and determination, diligence 
and capable management he has attained an 
enviable position among his fellow men, and 
acquired a handsome competency, which 
numbers him among the substantial citizens 
of his adopted county. [Since the above 
was written Mr. Smith died at his home of 
apoplexy March 21, 1895. 

GEORGE C. NEWBY, as one of the 
leading citizens of Portage county, 
well deserves representation in this 
volume. He was born in the town 
ofVaughan, Canada, July 5, 1830, a son 
of Thomas and Deborah (West) Newby. 

His father was a native of Yorkshire, 
England, and emigrated to Nova Scotia, 
where at the age of twenty he married, and 
the two eldest children were there born. 
He then removed to a farm near \'aughan, 
where his wife died about 185 1. In the 
spring of 1855 he came to Buena Vista 
township, Portage county, and purchased 
160 acres of government land in Section 
19, where his children (with the exception 
of two daughters who had married and re- 
mained in Canada) joined him the following 
fall. In this county the father subsequent- 
ly married Mrs. Elizabeth Stewart. His 
death occurred on the old homestead in 
November, 1877. His children, all born of 
the first marriage, were as follows: John, 
deceased, was a farmer of Plover, \\'is. ; 
he married Delilah Upthgrove, by whom he 
had six sons and two daughters, and for his 
second wife wedded Lavina Vanderwort. 
William, a farmer of Plover, Wis., mar- 
ried Matilda Barnett, now deceased, and 
had three sons and three daughters. Ann 
is the wife of Jacob Stimmers, of Canada. 
George C. is the next younger. Esther is 


the deceased wife of Christopher Hisley 
Thomas, a merchant of Buena \'ista, Wis. 
married Jane Brown, by whom he had four 
children, and after her death wedded Mrs. 
Sarah ^ Russell) Newman, widow of John 
Newman. Robert, a farmer of Idaho, is 
living with his second wife. Mary Jane be- 
came the wife of Charles Barker, and after 
his death wedded William W'hite, of Plover, 
Wis. Jemima is the wife of Jay Bennett, 
of Buena Vista, W'isconsin. 

Upon the home farm our subject was 
reared, and his educational advantages were 
very limited. Having arrived at years of 
maturity, he was married in Cayuga, Haldi- 
mand Co., Canada, May lo, 1852, to Eliza- 
beth Martha Russell, who was born between 
Rutland and Wallingford, Vt., December 
18, 1836, a daughter of James and Eliza- 
beth (Shannon) Russell, natives of County 
Tyrone, Ireland. There they were married 
and two children, Margaret and Samuel, 
were there born to them. They emigrated 
then to Newfoundland, where their eldest 
son died shortly after, and where their third 
child, George, was born. Removing to 
Vermont, they lived in that State until 
1 84 1, after which the}- spent a number of 
years in Toronto, Canada, then lived upon 
a farm near Rainham, in Haldimand county, 
until 1855. Settling then in Iowa, the 
mother died there the following year. After 
a short time Mr. Russell came to Portage 
county and purchased forty acres of land in 
Pine Grove township, but after several 
years he disposed of that property, and 
went to live with his daughter, Mrs. Thomas 
Newby, in Buena Vista township, where he 
died in 1879. 

The members of the family were as fol- 
lows: Margaret and Samuel, deceased; 
George; Sophia Jane, Mrs. Newby; Mary 
Ann, deceased; and Sarah. Our subject 
and his wife have eleven children: Margaret 
Ann, born April 17, 1853, is the wife of 
Mark A. W^oodbury, of Ada, Minn., and 
has two children, Pearl and Lillie; Jemima 
Jane, born May 25, 1855, is the wife of 
Fred H. Huntley, of Stevens Point, Wis., 
and their children are Hattie Belle and 
Ollie May; Thomas, born March 11, 1857, 
married Julia Shelburn, and has three chil- 

dren — Minnie, Mamie and Thomas; Harriet 
S., born March 6, 1859, became the wife oi 
Charles Thompson, by whom she had two 
children, W'illiam and Lula, and after the 
death of her first husband she married Fred- 
erick Allen; Letitia May, born December 

18, i860, is the wife of Charles Stewart, 
and has two children, Estella May and 
George L. ; Eli Benjamin, born April 29, 

1862, died at the age of two years and six 
months; Charles Austin, born September 9, 

1863, wedded Rose Pereau and with their 
daughter, Cecil Burdell, they reside in 
Wautoma. Wis. ; Belle Joanna, born May 
8, 1868, is the wife of John Springer, o£ 
Lone Pine, Wis. ; Cora Alice, born April 9, 
1870, is the wife of William Fisher, of 
Stevens Point, and has one child, Violet; 
William R., born February 20, 1872, is at 
home; Mable, born December 10, 1876, is a 
school teacher in Belmont, Wis. At the 
age of five Mrs. Newby went to live with a 
family in Canada, and from the age of nine- 
until her marriage she supported herself by 
working as a domestic. She is devoted to- 
her home and her family, and is a most 
estimable lady. 

After his marriage, Mr. Newby operated- 
his father's farm for a season, and then 
purchased land at Rainham, Canada, where 
he resided until coming to Buena \'ista 
township in the fall of 1855, when he dis- 
posed of his old home. On reaching this 
place he operated his father's farm, and 
then hired as a farm hand. In 1858, he- 
purchased eighty acres of land in Section 

19, Buena Vista township. Portage county, 
to which he has added 120 acres. He con- 
tinued farming until March, 1864, when he 
enlisted in Company C, Fifty-second Wis. 
V. I. He went to Madison, and after drill- 
ing for three weeks proceeded to St. Louis^ 
Mo., and three weeks later was ordered to 
Iron Mountain, same State. For two- 
weeks he did duty against the bushwhackers, 
and after a few days spent in St. Louis he 
started for Leavenworth, Kans. , where two 
months were passed. The command was 
then ordered to return to Madison, where 
Mr. Newby was honorably discharged in- 
September, 1865. Returning at once to 
his home he resumed farming, which he has- 



since successfully followed. He has never 
souf];ht political preferment, but is a stalwart 
Republican. His career has been an hon- 
orable and useful one, and is that of a man 
who has done his duty to himself, his neigh- 
bors and his countr}'. 

JS. JACOBSON, a well-known citizen 
and enterprising and progressive busi- 
ness man of Ogdensburg, Waupaca 
county, is now e.xtensively engaged in 
dealing in potatoes. His birth occurred in 
Section 30, St. Lawrence township, the 
same county, January 16, i860, and he is a 
son of Stephen Jacobson, one of the well-to- 
do farmers of Scandinavia township, Wau- 
paca count}'. 

The father was born in Norwa}-, May 1 6, 
1834, and is the son of Jacob Jacobson, 
also an agriculturist. In the spring of 1852, 
the latter, with his wife and seven children, 
left Stavanger, on the sailing vessel "Rug- 
land," and at the end of seven weeks they 
were landed in New York, June 10, the 
vo3age being a stormy one. They had first 
intended to go to Dane count}', Wis., but 
being in company with a family whose sons 
had previously located in Scandinavia town- 
ship, Waupaca county, they decided to go 
there. They took a boat to Albany, thence 
up the Erie canal to Buffalo, and on the 
lakes came to Green Bay, Wis. They drove 
to Neenah, via Appleton, \^^is. , where they 
boarded a boat for Gill's Landing, and, by 
team, came to Scandinavia. The grand- 
father purchased 160 acres of partially im- 
proved land in Section 27, on which a log 
house had been built, but he did not live 
long to enjoy his new home, dying February 
10, 1853, of pneumonia, at the age of sixty 
years, and was buried near the school house, 
in district No. i, where it was intended to 
make a cemetery, but later the idea was 
abandoned. The grandmother, who long 
survived her husband, died at the home of a 
son in Minnesota, in the spring of 1884, at 
the advanced age of eighty-six years. In 
their family were seven children: Betsy S., 
wife of Stephen Torkolsen, of Minnesota; 
Tallak, who died in that State; Mary, widow 
■of Ole Raan, of the same State; Stephen, 

father of our subject; Carrie, who died in 
Scandinavia township in the fall of 1852; 
Elizabeth, widow of Ole Jorgensen, of ISIin- 
nesota; and Torkel of Minnesota. 

In the common schools of his native 
country Stephen Jacobson acquired his ed- 
ucation, and at the age of eighteen years, at 
the time of his arrival in Scandinavia town- 
ship, there were only three or four families 
and no schools had been established. Be- 
sides his farm duties, he also followed fish- 
ing on the west coast of Norway, and on 
coming to the United States spent six 
winters in the pineries of this State. He 
also ran on the river, taking lumber to \'ari- 
ous points along the Mississippi. 

On April 13, 1857, in Scandinavia, 
Stephen Jacobson wedded Miss Tora Knud- 
son, who is also a native of Norway, born 
May 18, 1840, and came with her parents 
to America in 1853, locating in Scandi- 
navia township. In his native land her 
father had followed carpentering, but, on 
his arrival here, gave his time and attention 
to the operation of his farm and to the saw- 
mill business. To Mr. and Mrs. Jacobson 
were born the following children: Jacob 
S., of this sketch; Benny, who died at the 
age of nineteen years; Ann C. , wife of Halver 
Thorson, a merchant of Scandina\ia; Stena, 
at home, as is also Thomas, Carl and 
Marten; Sophia, who is attending the 
academy in Scandinavia; Benjamin, who 
died in infancy; and El vine B., at home. 

After his marriage the father located in 
St. Lawrence township, Waupaca county, 
where for one winter be was employed in a 
sawmill, but since then has given his entire 
attention to the cultivation of his land, a 
tract of 1 20 acres, of which eighty are under 
a high state of cultivation, well improved 
with good buildings. He has seen almost 
the entire development of the township and 
county, as at the time of his arrival there 
were only a few families in Scandinavia 
township, and some of these still lived in 
their covered wagons. He is one of the 
trustees of the Lutheran Church to which 
his family also belong. He was one of the 
leading members of the Republican party in 
his township, where he has held many 
official positions, and his public service has 



always been marked by a faithful and com- 
petent discharge of duties. 

We now come to the personal history 
of Jacob S. Jacobson, whose name intro- 
duces this review. His chances for secur- 
ing an education were quite meagre, and the 
district schools he attended were not as 
good as those of the present day. At the 
age of si.xteen he left the school room, so 
that he might give his whole time to the 
labors of the field. It was then the custom 
to put children to work as soon as old 
enough, and usually when the best years for 
learning were arrived at, the school days 
were over. Such was our subject's case. 
He remained under the parental roof until 
eighteen years of age, when he went to 
Goodhue count}-, Minn., where the land 
was new and afforded splendid opportuni- 
ties to the early settlers who wished to se- 
cure homes. Work was plenty for a farm 
hand, and, being a robust \-oung man, he 
commanded good wages, receiving $20 per 
month, most of which, however, he sent 
home. In the second year of his residence 
there he engaged some m speculating in 
stock, etc., such as his limited capital would 

At the end of two years Mr. Jacobson 
returned to Scandinavia township, W^au- 
paca county, where his parents were living, 
but was soon after taken ill, and was unable 
to perform any labor for some time. As 
soon as he had sufficiently recovered he be- 
gan farming for himself on rented land in 
Scandinavia township, which occupation he 
followed for one year, when he began deal- 
ing in potatoes at Scandinavia in connec- 
tion with Neil Krostu, now of Chicago, the 
firm name being Jacobson & Krostu. For 
two years this partnership continued when 
Olson & Johnson were admitted to the firm, 
carrying on business at several different 
places and buying large quantities of pota- 

In January, 1888, Mr. Jacobson was 
married in Scandinavia township, the lady 
of his choice being Miss Emma M. Hopkins, 
a native of St. Lawrence township, Wau- 
paca county, and a daughter of Spencer 
Hopkins. To them have been born three 
children, Archie and Bernard, deceased, 

and Ellery. In the fall of 1887, Mr. Jacob- 
son began purchasing potatoes in Ogdens- 
burg, where he has since continued business 
with remarkable success. The increase in 
his business necessitated the erection of a 
warehouse, where his stock is stored. He 
has now been longer in the business than 
any other man in the village, and has paid 
out many thousands of dollars to the farm- 
ers during his experience in potato buying. 
He stands high in the estimation of the 
community as an honorable, upright and 
trustworthy young business man, and justly 
merits their respect. In Odgensburg he 
has erected a ver}' cozy home on a lot he 
purchased from J. R. Moses, from whom he 
also obtained the land on which his ware- 
house stands. Though not a politician in 
the sense of office seeking, he is deeply in- 
terested in the success of the Republican 
party, and religioush' he and his wife are 

HERMAN J. PANKOW, editor and 
proprietor of the Marshfield Demo- 
crat, and conducting one of the 
most successful German papers of 
the West, is a gentleman of abilit}-, stand- 
ing high among the representative citizens 
of ^^^ood county. Wisconsin claims him as 
one of her native sons, for he was born in 
Lebanon township. Dodge county, April 27, 
1847. His father, Rev. Erdmann Pankow, 
was a native of Prussia, his birth occurring in 
I 8 18, and he was there reared and married, 
Sophia Moldenhauer becoming his wife. By 
that union were born eight children, four of 
whom are now deceased — Sophia, John, 
Augustine and Michael — while Minnie, Her- 
man, Erdman, and the second, Michael, are 
still living. The family came to America in 
1843, stopping first at Watertown, Wis., 
where they remained one year. The father 
then removed to a farm and taught school 
for a number of years, when he was called 
to the ministry of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and has since engaged in preaching 
the Gospel. His wife died in 1859, and he 
subsequently married Louisa Michaels Dam- 
bach. They have become the parents of 



nine children, of whom Augustine is now 
deceased, those living being Albert, Adolph, 
Anna, Oswald, Eva, Pauline, Agnes and 
Angella. The grandfather of our subject, 
Michael Pankow, was a common laborer 
in Prussia, where he married and had 
two children who came to America — Erd- 
mann and Minnie; he and his wife both died 
when Erdmann was quite young. 

Herman Pankow, whose name heads 
this sketch, received his education in the 
district and private schools until attaining 
his fourteenth year, when he went to work 
on the home farm, there remaining until 
twenty-two years of age. In 1872 he start- 
ed out in life for himself as a commission 
merchant in Oconomowoc, Wis., remaining 
in business there for one year, when he 
learned the art of photography, which he 
followed for some time; in 1878 he taught a 
private German school in Dodge county. 
Wis. He came to Marshiield in 1879, open- 
ing a hotel, which he conducted until 1886, 
being quite successful in that line of work. 
The purchase of the Marshfield Democrat 
was made in 1S84, he buying the paper 
from his brother Adolph, who had establish- 
ed it some six months previous, and has 
ever since been engaged in its management. 
The paper is conducted on a broad and 
liberal basis, giving clear and impartial 
views of the questions of the day, the edi- 
torials showing deep culture, marked withal 
by sound common sense. 

In 1875 Mr. Pankow was married to 
Ottilie Schelpeper, who was born in Wash- 
ington county. Wis., a daughter of Fred 
and Augusta (Derge) Schelpeper, both na- 
tives of Germany. By their union six chil- 
dren were born: Ella, Alma, Ottilie, Martha, 
Irena and Adelie, of whom Martha and 
Irena are now deceased. The mother of 
these, who was one of a family of live chil- 
dren — Augusta, William, Emily, Ottilie and 
Ida — passed away in 1887, and Mr. Pankow 
was again married in 1S92, on this occasion 
to Emma Froehlke, a native of Wiscon- 
sin, and daughter of John -and Johanna 
(Mahnke) Froehlke, of Manitowoc, Wis. 
Mr. Pankow was burned out in the Marsh- 
field fire of 1887, but immediately started 
in business again, which he has since carried 

on with marked success. In politics he is a 
supporter of the Democratic party and 
served as supervisor of his ward for two 
years. For the same length of time he also 
held the office of city treasurer, and has 
also been municipal judge, as well as filling 
other minor offices. He is a member of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, and has for 
fifteen years acted as its secretary, his social 
and moral worth giving him a high place in 
the regard of his fellow citizens. 

SAMUEL S. MILLER, senior mem- 
ber of the well-known leading firm 
of attorneys at law — Miller & Mc- 
Cormick — in Rhinelander, Oneida 
county, is a native of the State of Wisconsin, 
having been born July 17, 1850, in Chris- 
tiana township, Dane county. 

Stephen Miller, his grandfather, who was 
born in America of Scottish ancestry, mar- 
ried Miss Phcebe Hyde, a lady of English 
descent, related to the historic family of 
Hyde whose property, many j'ears ago, on 
account of their religious views, was con- 
fiscated. To Stephen and Phcebe Miller 
were born five children: Ambrose, Benjamin 
S., Edward, Gordon and Phcebe, the parents 
of whom both died in New York State. 
Benjamin S., the second in the family, was 
born in 1825, in New York State, received 
his education at the public schools of his 
boyhood period, and learned the trade of 
carpenter. In his native State he married 
Miss Martha Coon, who was born in 1820, 
and eight children came to them, as follows: 
Samuel S., Elmer, and Frances H. (now 
Mrs. Judge Bardeen, of Wausau), living, 
those deceased being: Florence (who mar- 
ried Joseph Stout, but left no issue), and 
Olive, Ida, Eugenie and James, all four of 
whom died in early life. The family came 
to Wisconsin in 1847, settling on a farm in 
Christiana township, Dane county, where 
the father followed his trades, those of car- 
penter and cabinet maker, in connection 
with agriculture. In 1876 he removed to 
Wausau where he and his wife are now liv- 
ing. During the Civil war he served as first 
lieutenant and quartermaster. He was no- 



politician, but held several positions of trust, 
such as township clerk. 

The subject proper of these lines received 
his elementary education at the common 
schools of his native township, later attend- 
ing Albion College, Dane county, where he 
graduated in 1871, after which he took a 
course at the State University Law^ School, 
of Wisconsin, graduating from there in 1873. 
He then entered the law office of Meggett 
& Teall, at Eau Claire, Wis., where he 
continued in the more practical study of law 
until 1877, in the year following opening a 
law office in Whitehall, the county seat of 
Trempealeau county, Wis., where he prac- 
ticed ten years or till October, 1887, remov- 
ing to Rhinelander, Oneida county, where 
in partnership with Judge McCormick, under 
the firm name of Miller & McCormick, he 
has conducted a prosperous general business 
in law and equity. 

In 1878 Mr. Miller was married to Miss 
Anna M. Mosher, a native of the State of 
Maine, daughter of Charles P. (a mill-wright 
by trade), and Susan (Nash) Mosher, also 
born in Maine, parents of four children: 
Anna M. , Emma, Clara and Charles. The 
Mosher family came to Wisconsin in 1856, 
settling in Eau Claire where the parents are 
still residing. To Mr. and Mrs. Miller have 
been born three children, to wit: Helen E., 
Florence M. and Margaret J. In his polit- 
ical predilections our subject is a stanch Re- 
publican; while a resident of Trempealeau 
county he served as district attorney six 
years, and since coming to Rhinelander has 
been district attorney of Oneida county two 
years. In 1887 he was sent by the vote of 
the people to represent Trempealeau county 
in the Assembly, and gave eminent satisfac- 
tion to his constituents. He has served as 
chairman of the County Republican Com- 
mittee, and has been a delegate to State 
conventions; he has been a member of the 
Rhinelander school board five years, during 
which time he has proved himself an active 
and tireless worker in the cause of educa- 
tion. Socially, he is a member of the I. O. 
O. F. He is essentially a self-made man, 
his present enviable position at the bar being 
due to his own unaided efforts, and he paid 
for his college tuition entirely out of salaries 

he received for school teaching, a profession 
he commenced at the early age of seventeen 

JAMES A. NEWSOM is a practical and 
progressive farmer of Dayton township, 
Waupaca county, and is the owner of 
e.xtensive landed interests, which he 
successfully operates, and secures a good in- 
come thereby. His land is well tilled, and 
everything about the place kept in good re- 
pair, and the owner bids fair to become one 
of the wealthiest agriculturists of Waupaca 
county. He was born in Section 26, Day- 
ton township, December 19, 1868, and is a 
son of Joseph and Lecta M. (Larkin) New- 
som. The family is one of English line- 
age. The father was born in Steuben 
county, N. Y., November i, 1833, and when 
a young man migrated westward to Waupaca 
county, where he arrived in the autumn 
of 1854. Here he was first employed as a 
farm hand, but subsequently acquired land 
and carried on farming in his own interest. 
He first located in Section 36, Dayton 
township, but afterward removed to Section 
26. In that township he accumulated 400 
acres of land, and acquired forty-five acres 
elsewhere — the reward of his own well- 
directed efforts. 

Joseph Newsom was married April 18, 
i860, in Waupaca county, to Miss Larkin, 
who was born in New York, October 5, 
1834. They became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: Jennie A., who was born 
January 29, 1862, and is still living on the 
old homestead; Mary N., who was born 
November 22, 1864, and died at the age of 
six years; James A. ; Mary B., who was born 
September 19, 1875, and died in infancy. 
In January, 1881, Mr. Newsom and wife 
adopted into their family Mary Padgum, 
then a child of four years, who is still at 
home and one of the family. In his polit- 
ical views the father was a Republican, and 
both he and his wife were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. His death 
occurred in July, 1889, and his wife passed 
away in March, 1S88. 

On the home farm James A. Newsom 
was reared to manhood, and, as «oon as old 



enough to handle the plow, began work in 
the fields, becoming familiar with farm life 
in all of its various departments. His edu- 
cation was acquired in District School, No. 
3, Dayton township. As he was an only 
son much of the work of the farm devolved 
upon him, especially after his father's health 
began to fail, and he has since devoted his 
time and energies to the development and 
culti\'ation of the old homestead. 

Mr. Newsom was married August 30, 
1S93, in Farmington township, Waupaca 
county, the lady of his choice being Miss 
Abbie E. Ottman, a native of Onondaga 
county, N. Y. , born September 12, 1871, 
and a daughter of Jeremiah and Margaret 
(Krake) Ottman, who came to Wisconsin in 
1873. One child has been born to our sub- 
ject and his wife — Leslie O., born June 28, 
1894. Mrs. Newsom is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. New- 
som votes with the Republican party, but 
takes no active part in political matters, 
preferring to give his entire time and atten- 
tion to his business interests, in which he is 
meeting with good success. 

OLE A. MYHRE, an old soldier in the 
Union army, is now one of the 
prominent and representative farm- 
ers of St. Lawrence township, \\'au- 
paca county, where he owns a good tract of 
160 acres. He is a native of Norway, born 
August 29, 1826, and is a son of Andrew 
and Ann (Syne) Myhre, farming people of that 
country, where their deaths occurred. In 
the family were the following children: 
Inglebret, Sven, Elsie and Amond, deceased; 
OleA., of this sketch; Elsie, wife of Morton 
Gulickson, a farmer, of Norway; Anna, de- 
ceased; Simon, who died while in the serv- 
ice during the War of the Rebellion; Peter, 
who died in this country; Hans, a farmer of 
Waupaca county, and Hans and Simon, who 
both dieti in infancy. 

Ole A. Myhre began life in Norway as a 
common laborer, never having learned a 
trade, and his chances for securing an ed- 
ucation were very poor. In June, 1857, he 
reached the shores of the New World, land- 
ing at Quebec after a voyage of five weeks 

in a sailing vessel. He came direct to St. 
Lawrence township, Waupaca county, mak- 
ing the journey by boat as far as New 
London, Wis. For two j'ears he was en- 
gaged as a day laborer, when, in 1859, he 
bought forty acres of land in Section 18, 
which still forms a part of his present fine 
farm. His first home was a log cabin 14 
feet square, and for a year he had to per- 
form the arduous labors of clearing and de- 
veloping the land without the assistance of 
a team. He made the shingles that cov- 
ered his little home. There were no roads 
in the vicinity, and Scandinavia contained 
but one store. 

In 1859 Mr. Myhre led to the marriage 
altar Sarah Johnson, a native of Norway, 
who, in 1859, came to America with her 
parents, John and Martha Martinson. 
The parents located in St. Lawrence 
township, where they opened up a farm, on 
which they lived until the mother's death, 
when our subject bought the place, and the 
father went to Scandinavia township to live 
with his daughter, Mrs. Ole Wrolstred, 
whose husband is a farmer. By this union 
Mr. Myhre became the father of two chil- 
dren: Serena married Halman Peterson, a 
farmer of St. Lawrence township, and they 
have five children; and Andrew, who is still 
with his father. The mother of these chil- 
dren died, in 1865, of consumption, at the 
age of twenty-seven years, and now lies 
buried in the Scandinavia cemetery. In 
1867, Mr. Myhre wedded a cousin of his 
first wife, and to them have been born three 
children: John, Severt and Alfred, all at 

By his own industrious and well-directed 
efforts, Mr. Myhre has become the possessor 
of 160 acres of land, seventy of which have 
been cleared, broken and placed under a 
high state of cultivation. He has been ably 
assisted in his labors by his excellent wife 
and sons, who are industrious, painstaking 
young men. He enlisted, August 28, 1864, 
in Company A, Forty-second Wis. V. I., 
and was mustered into service at Madison, 
Wis. , whence the troops were sent to Cairo, 
111., where they did guard duty until their 
discharge June 3, 1865. Since casting his 
first vote Mr. Myhre has been a stanch Ke- 



publican, always supporting the men and 
measures of that party. In religious belief 
he is a Lutheran. Since coming to the 
county he has gained many warm friends, 
and he is held in the highest esteem by all 
who know him. 

HARVEY J. MORGAN, a representa- 
tive pioneer farmer of Belle Plaine 
township, Shawano county, is a 
native of New York State, born June 
20, 1836, in Galen township, Wayne county. 
Patrick Morgan, father of our subject, a 
stone mason by trade, was born May i , 
1802, in County Down, Ireland, and, in 
1827, came to America, locating for a time 
in New York State. He married Miss 
Lovina Graves, who was born in Vermont 
about the year 1806, and nine children came 
to them, as follows: Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried, and died in Fonddu Lac county, Wis., 
leaving a husband and three children — Mary 
Ann, Eliza and Bernard; John, who was a 
farmer and carpenter, and died in Fond du 
Lac county, Wis., leaving a wife and one 
child, Harvey Thomas; Catherine, Mrs. 
John Patrick, of Greenbush, Sheboygan 
county. Wis. ; Harvey J. ; Roger, a farmer 
and blacksmith in Fond du Lac county, who 
is married and has children; Edward, also 
a farmer of Fond du Lac county; Francis 
W. , a farmer and carpenter of Fond du Lac 
county, who is married and has a family; 
and two that died in infancy. In 1848 the 
family came west to Wisconsin, locating in 
Fond du Lac county, where the father bought 
160 acres of wild land, distant some ten 
miles from any clearing, whereon they built a 
log shanty, covering it with split logs, the 
floor of it, both summer and winter, being 
simply Mother Earth, devoid of the slightest 
covering. Here they lived about eighteen 
months, at the end of which time a more 
commodious and substantial house was built 
in its place, and a few more of the comforts 
of a comparatively modern home were 
added. The nearest village of any kind was 
Fond du Lac, some fifteen miles distant, 
whence the father had to carry the family 
provisions on his back, frequently conveying 

thither in the same manner homemade maple 
sugar which he would trade at the rate of 
three cents per pound. A byroad, ten miles 
in length, leading to the mam road, was cut 
entirely by the family. At that time game 
of all kinds, including deer, was plentiful, 
while bears, wolves and panthers ( ' 'painters") 
roamed the forest, howling and growling as 
they went in search of prey. The farm im- 
plements of the family were simply an axe 
and grub hoe, and they were assisted in their 
work with their o.x-team and logging chain. 
The parents died on the homestead, the 
mother in 1879, the father in 1883. 

Pretty early in life did our subject " get 
into harness," as it can readily be under- 
stood, consequently his school experiences 
were very meagre, fourteen months being all 
the attendance he was ever able to give. 
His first writing lessons were of a very prim- 
itive description, being nothing better thaa 
tracing his "A B Cs" on the surface of the 
snow with the end of his whip, while he 
would be engaged in hauling logs in the 
woods. In 1856, having decided on com- 
mencing business on his own account, he 
moved to Shawano and engaged in the man- 
ufacture of shingles, then embarked in the 
lumber trade, which he followed some years, 
or until 1875, the tune of his purchasing in 
Belle Plaine township no acres of partly 
improved land, his present farm; since when 
he has been actively and successfully en- 
gaged in both agricultural pursuits and lum- 
bering. He has been enabled from time to 
time to increase his possessions, and at 
present owns 200 acres of land, eighty of 
which are under cultivation. 

In 1859 Mr. Morgan was married to Miss 
Laura A. Wilbur, daughter of Russell Wil- 
bur, and born, in 1838, in Massachusetts, 
whence when a girl she came to Wisconsin 
with her parents, locating in Shawano 
county. To this union were born four 
children, all yet living, as follows: Milton 
E., at home; Francis H., in Shawano; Will- 
iam Albert, residing at Whitcomb, Shawano 
county; and Josephine, now the wife of E. 
A. Guernsey. The mother of these died 
.April 18, 1873, at Shawano, and for his sec- 
ond wife our subject wedded Miss Anna P. 
Ollison. Politically Mr. Morgan is a Re- 


publican; socially he is a member of the 
Union League, and no one in Shawano 
•county stands higher in the esteem and re- 
gard of his fellow citizens. 

HERMAN MEISNER. In compiling, 
for the edification of the present 
generation and generations yet to 
come, a record of the lives of those 
men whose names are so closely interwoven 
with the history of certain portions of north- 
ern Wisconsin, the list would indeed be in- 
complete were prominent mention not made 
of the gentleman whose name is here re- 

Mr. Meisner is a native of New York 
State, born at Lockport April 2, 1856, a 
son of John D. and Justina (Krumbachj 
Meisner, natives of Brandenburg, Germany, 
who in 1855 came to the United States, in 
1863 settling in Belle Plaine township, 
Shawano Co., Wis., where they followed 
.agricultural pursuits; since 1884 they have 
been residents of Clintonville, Waupaca 
county. Of their thirteen children nine are 
yet living, as follows: John P., a merchant 
of Clintonville, Wis. ; William, a farmer of 
Belle Plaine township, Shawano county; 
Herman, subject of this sketch; August, also 
a resident of Clintonville; Augusta, wife of 
Herman Beyer, of Grant township, Shawano 
county; Anna, wife of John Frank, also of 
Grant township; David, living on the old 
farm; Emma, wife of Herman Prey, of 
Clintonville; and Albert, married, and resid- 
ing in Clintonville. 

As will be seen, our subject was about 
six years old when his parents brought him 
to Wisconsin and to Belle Plaine township, 
Shawano county, and here he was reared to 
manhood. Education, however, does not 
always come by reading and writing. The 
boy was possessed of vigorous, natural 
abilities, and the boy was father to the man. 
His opportunities for acquiring knowledge 
were indeed few, but he applied his powers 
•of observation upon the things which were 
nearest him, and thus became self-educated. 
Work was plentiful in his boyhood days, 
.and being a strong, robust lad he 

found ample employment about the farm 
and parental home. At the age of fourteen 
years he started out in life for himself, leav- 
ing Shawano county for Fond du Lac, his 
first work being on a farm in that county, 
which was followed bj' a somewhat versatile 
yet decidedly active experience, for a time in 
the lumber woods of the Upper Wolf, Red 
and Embarrass river countries, then in the 
Lake Superior (north shore) copper regions, 
Canadian side — all the time engaged in vari- 
ous capacities, sometimes as common laborer 
in the summer time, then in sawmills and in 
the woods during the winter months. In the 
spring of the year he " ran the river," and 
at one time was employed in the Extract 
Works at Clintonville, Waupaca county, 
where from hemlock bark was extracted the 
decoction use in tanning. At the age of 
twenty-three years he married, by which 
time he had saved a little over one hundred 
dollars in cash, and owned forty acres of 
wild land, which he had not yet commenced 
to work. After his marriage he found em- 
ployment on the Milwaukee, Lake Shore & 
Western railroad, on supply trains, hauling 
cordwood, etc. ; later was employed on gov- 
ernment vessels engaged in making improve- 
ments on the Fox river, and, still later, in 
a blast farnace at Appleton, to which city 
he removed. Concluding, however, to be- 
come his own employer, he in April, 1883, 
came to Wittenberg, which at that time was 
a mere hamlet in the midst of a dense forest, 
and here for twenty-five dollars bought a lot 
on Main street, which he at once commenced 
to improve. From the railroad station only 
one house, or rather shanty, was visible — 
the old " camp " built by the railroad com- 
pany, and once occupied by their employes 
— and our subject's first shelter here was a 
blanket stretched over the tops of a few poles 
placed in the ground. He had left his wife 
behind at Clintonville until such time as he 
should have a place prepared for her recep- 
tion; but one day he was not a little sur- 
prised to see his faithful spouse alight from 
a train at the Wittenberg depot. In answer 
to his inquiry as to why she came and where 
she expected to live, she replied: "To be 
beside you, and stay wherever you stay;" 
that settled it, so the blanket-roofed " wig- 



warn " was the family house till the building 
he had commenced was completed. As soon 
as everything was ready, our subject em- 
barked in the hotel business, the first to open 
out in that line in the young village, his 
hostelry being known as the ' ' Wittenberg 
House." After about a year he sold out the 
tavern and purchased the ground where his 
present business block now stands, his next 
speculation being in the lumber industry, 
following the river in the proper seasons, and 
in general lumbering, chiefly as jobber until 
May, 1887, when he commenced mercantile 
trade in Wittenberg, his first stock of goods 
amounting to about $25., the business month 
by month increasing until May, 1894, when 
he sold out, retiring from mercantile pursuits 
with a comfortable competence. For the 
past six years he has been largely interested 
in real estate, at the present time interested 
in eighteen tracts of timber land, some of 
which is improved, besides village property, 
and he represents large tracts for other 

In 1879 Mr. Meisner was married, at 
Clintonville, Wis., to Miss Augusta Heitzke, 
a native of Germany, coming to the United 
States with her parents, John and Louise 
(Koshel) Heitzke when she was ten years 
old. To this union have come seven chil- 
dren: Ella, George, Esther, Eva, Katie, 
Grover and Philip, all born in Wittenberg 
and all yet living at home. In his political 
preferences our subject has always been a 
stanch Democrat, a leader in the party in 
this part of the State, has been a member 
of the Congressional Committee, and at the 
present time is serving on the Democratic 
County Committee. He has twice been 
honored with appointment as postmaster at 
W^ittenberg, the first time in 1887, serving 
about two years, again in 1893, and he is at 
present filling the incumbency. He has 
served as deputy and under sheriff four terms; 
has been treasurer of Wittenberg township, 
also supervisor, and was school treasurer 
nine years; for a time he served as game 
warden for Shawano and Marathon counties. 
At present he is a director and trustee of the 
German Lutheran Orphans' Home at Wit- 
tenberg. In religious faith he and his wife 
are consistent members of the Lutheran 

Church, and toward the erection of the 
house of worship for that denomination in 
Wittenberg he rendered substantial assist- 

Denmark, lived to the age of thirty- 
seven years in his native land and 
found himself approaching the noon- 
time of lifewithscarcely more of this world's 
goods than he had when he started in life 
for himself with only a clear brain and a 
pair of willing hands. He came to Ameri- 
ca, and has since become one of the pros- 
perous and well-respected citizens of Wau- 
paca. It was not due alone, perhaps not 
principally, to the change in location that 
resulted in a change in his fortunes; rather 
it was the result of the thoroughly honest 
and reliable character which Mr. Johnson 
possessed, and which has enabled him here 
to acquire and retain a modest competence. 
Mr. Johnson was born in Denmark No- 
vember 28, 1826, son of John and Mary 
(Nelson) Johnson, who were farmers. 
Christian was the youngest of five children 
— John, Soren, Nels, Sophia and Christian. 
The latter was reared on his father's farm, 
and attended the schools in the vicinity of 
his home. At the age of twenty-three years 
he entered the artillery service of the 
Danish government, and for three years 
participated in the war then waging between 
Denmark and Germany over the possession 
of the provinces of Schleswig and Holstein, 
His military duties ended, Mr. Johnson re- 
turned to farming, and he worked for others 
until his marriage, in 1856, to Dora Larson. 
It was in 1863 that he emigrated to Ameri- 
ca, and his financial resources were so slen- 
der that he reached Waupaca with an in- 
debtedness of fifty dollars hanging over him. 
He commenced working on a farm at twelve 
dollars per month, and for nine years worked 
as a common laborer. By that time he had 
accumulated a little capital, and he decided 
to utilize it for his own advancement in life. 
Accordingly, in 1874 he purchased a half in- 
terest in a tannery at Waupaca, and five 
years later he bought out the other half. 
He has since then continued in business, 


and at present he owns a pleasant residence, 
three well-located pieces of property, and 
two choice business locations on Main 
street. The tannery he has recently sold 
out, for he has decided to retire from busi- 
ness. Mr. Johnson has not lost his affec- 
tion for his native land. He visited Den- 
mark in 1882, and again in 1888, and dur- 
ing the winter of 1894-95 was arranging for 
a third trip across the Atlantic. Mr. John- 
son has no children, but an adopted son, 
Anton Johnson. In politics he is a stanch 
Republican, and he has served in the city 
council of Waupaca four terms. He is a 
member of the Scandinavian Lutheran 
Church. Mr. Johnson enjoys the esteem 
and respect of all who know him, and is one 
of the solid and influential business men of 
Waupaca county. 

married Bodel Hanson. Their 
were Rasmus, John H., Hans, 

JOHN H. EBBE has fairly won the 
name of being the father of Lincoln 
township. Wood county. He was a 
poor man when he came to the town- 
ship in 1867, a year before it was organized. 
He took an active part in the organization 
in 1868, and was its first supervisor. He 
was elected chairman in the year 1878, 
and held the office seven successive years 
and for three terms since then. For twen- 
ty-iive years he has served as a school 
director, and he was a justice of the peace 
for many years. He has always been a 
leader in public affairs. He laid out roads, 
helped to organize schools and churches; 
even made from slabs the coffins in which 
many of the early dead among the families 
of the pioneers were laid away at rest. He 
built many of the first dwellings in the town- 
ship, and erected the first house in Marsh- 
field. These and many other things were 
part of the pioneer record of John H. 

He was born in Denmark May 28, 1826, 
son of Hans and Bodel (Hanson) Rasmus- 
sen. Hans Rasmussen was born in 1792, 
and was one of a family of six children, con- 
sisting of himself, Peter, Robert, Carrie, 
Cecil and Anna. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, but was for four j-ears a soldier in 
the bodyguard of the King of Denmark. In 

1823 he 


Lewis, Christian, Crist, Hannah, Anna, and 

two who died in infancy. The father died 

in 1847, the mother in 1888. 

John H. Ebbe was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Denmark, which he attended 
up to the age of fourteen. He learned read- 
j ily, and always stood at the head of his 
j class. He remained on his father's farm 
i until 1848; when he was drafted into the 
I Danish army. He served two and a half 
j years in the infantry during the insurrection 
I of Holstein, and participated in four severe 
j engagements, one lasting four days and four 
nights. He escaped injurj', but narrowly, 
; for several times bullets pierced his cloth- 
ing. After his honorable discharge, in 1851, 
he spent a year and a half in learning the 
wagon maker's trade. In 1863 his brother 
Crist came to America, and the year follow- 
ing John H. followed with his family. He 
I had in February, 1853, married Maria Hen- 
dersen, in Denmark, and his four children 
were Mary, Hans, Hannah and John, of 
whom, Hans and Hannah are deceased. 
Mr. Ebbe when he came to Wisconsin in 
1864, rented a farm in Lake Mills town- 
ship, Jefferson county. Here his wife died, 
and in the autumn of 1865 he married his 
present wife, Julia Oleson, who is of Nor- 
wegian birth. By this marriage he had 
seven children: William, Henry, Julia, 
Albert, Clarence, and two who died young. 
Mrs. Ebbe by a previous marriage had three 
children: Martha, Thomas and Lewis. In 
the fall of 1867 Mr. Ebbe came to Wood 
county, and settled on his present farm of 
160 acres in Lincoln township, making the 
journey with an ox-team, which he had 
hired. The land was covered with pine 
stumps, and at that time was considered 
very poor land, Mr. Ebbe paying only $100 
for the property. He was poor, and was 
obliged to work in the woods to support 
his family, but he continued to improve his 
farm, and to-day has one of the finest prop- 
erties in the township. He has also bought 
and sold other land extensively, and has 
given to his sons fine farms, upon which 
they have settled near him. Mr. Ebbe 
gave his attention to the lumber interests of 


the county many years ago, and his sons 
are still in the lumber camp. He was very 
prominent in the early history of the town- 
ship, and is still regarded as one of the most 
public-spirited citizens of the county. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in religious 
affiliation he and his wife are members of 
the Evane-elical Lutheran Church. 

SOHOLM, pastor of the Danish 
Lutheran Church at Waupaca, is the 
sole representative of his father's 
family in America. He came as a mission- 
ary, in 1872, to help keep together in spirit- 
ual bonds the many members of the home 
Church who had in recent years crossed the 
ocean to found new homes and new associa- 
tions in a foreign land. For six years he 
labored in his ministerial capacity in the 
East, and then, in 1878, came to Waupaca 
and took charge of the Danish Lutheran 
Church here. It has been a fertile field for 
Church growth, for the hardy Danes have in 
large numbers peopled the shores and for- 
ests of the Upper Wisconsin Valley, and 
have made homes to bloom where before 
there was only dreariness and waste. Rev. 
Soholm in looking after the spiritual needs 
of this strong and honest race has done faith- 
ful and zealous work, as the flourishing 
charges now under his care most thoroughly 

He was born in Jutland, Denmark, June 
16, 1844, son of Jens S. and Kirsten (Jen- 
sen) Soholm, to whom were born eight chil- 
dren: Soren, Karen, John, Marie, Mary, 
Mads, Hans and Anders L. Jens Soholm 
was born in Fyen, Denmark, in 1791, and 
was a farmer by occupation. He served as 
a soldier in the Danish army, and died in 
1849, when Anders L. . the youngest child, 
was but five years old. Anders lived at 
home with his mother until he was eighteen 
years old, then attended college for four 
years, thus completing his education in 1869. 
During the next three years he taught school, 
excepting eight months when he was in the 
military service of his country, serving in the 
infantry, and during that time he employed 
a substitute at the school. When Rev. 

Soholm came to .America, in 1872, as a min- 
ister he located at Perth Amboy, N. J., 
twenty-five miles distant from New York City, 
remaining there six years. Then, in 1878, he 
took charge of the Danish Lutheran charge 
at Waupaca, and has remained there, an 
earnest and devoted pastor, ever since. The 
Church has a membership of 400; Rev. So- 
holm also has four other charges in his care, 
including one at Belmont, one at Saxeville, 
Waushara county, one in Union township 
and one at Poy Sippi, Waushara county. 
Politically he is a Republican. 

On September 14, 1872, in New York, 
he was married to Anna Marie Kirstine 
Fogtman, who was born in Denmark and 
who emigrated to America that year. To 
I Rev. and Mrs. Soholm seven children have 
1 been born, as follows: Emma, Dora, Wal- 
ter, Clara, Hilda, Matilda, and Albert. 
Dora, one of the daughters, was married to 
Mr. W. Jersild December 27, 1894. He 
has a fruit and confectionery store at Wau- 

JOHN D. BEGGS was born in Grand 
Isle county, Vt. , August 12, 1823, and 
is a son of Archibald and Sarah (Dodds) 
Beggs, who were early residents of 

Archibald Beggs was a farmer by occu- 
pation. His wife was born in Vermont, 
and her father, John Dodds, was one of the 
early settlers there. Mr. and Mrs. Beggs 
were the parents of eight children — John 
D., the subject of this sketch; Jane, now 
widow of B. Worden, and residing in 
Almond township. Portage county; Hulda, 
now Mrs. John O'Neil, of Fond du Lac 
county. Wis. ; Robert, deceased; James, de- 
ceased, who lived ill Almond township; 
Matilda, deceased; Albert, who died at the 
siege of Petersburg, and William, a resident 
of Plainfield, Waushara Co., Wis. The 
children remained at home until of adult 
age. Finally, one by one, as the}- married, 
they left home. In 1840 the parents sold 
the homestead in Vermont, went to Clinton 
county, N. Y., and bought a farm on which 
they lived until 1850, when they sold out 
and came to Wisconsin. From Milwaukee 


they came by wagon to Almond township, 
Portage county, and pre-empted i6o acres 
of land, on which they squatted, as it was 
termed. The land had just been bought 
from the Indians, and had not yet been sur- 
veNed. There were numerous openings, as 
they were called, partly timber and partly 
prairie. Clearing was at once commenced, 
but progressed slowly, as they had only 
rude tools with which to work. Lumber 
was brought from Stevens Point, Portage 
county, and a frame house built. First 
wheat was sowed, the land was strong, and, 
as the clearing was enlarged, they began to 
succeed better. Here the parents resided 
for the remainder of their lives, the death 
of Mr. Beggs occurring about 1865, and 
that of his widow, Mrs. Sarah Beggs, about 

John D. Beggs received onl}- a common- 
school education. Being the eldest of the 
children, he was taken from school and had 
to assist in the work of the farm. He made 
the cradle with which the first wheat was 
cut on his father's farm in Almond town- 
ship, and cradled that day an acre of wheat. 
In New York State, on July 11, 1851, John 
D. Beggs married Susan Tucker, who was 
born in St. Lawrence county, N. Y. , No- 
vember 14, 1829. They came to Wiscon- 
sin the year following their marriage, and 
still live on the homestead in Almond town- 
ship. Portage county, where they first set- 
tled. There have been born to them twelve 
children, namely: Gertrude M., Mrs. Asay 
Abbott, of Almond township; Edwin O., 
deceased; Everett O., a resident of Pine 
Grove, Wis.; Robert R., in Almond town- 
ship; Frederick W. , in Almond; Clara C, 
in Almond, widow of Mr. Abbott; Nelson 
H., living in Almond; Warren J., deceased; 
Catherine L. , no\V Mrs. S. Vroman, of 
Oasis; Herbert B., at home; Jessie S., in 
Almond; and Myron W. , at home. 

The parents of Mrs. John D. Beggs, 
Joseph and Catherine (Church) Tucker, 
reared a family of eleven children, as fol- 
lows: Adeline, now Mrs. A. Willard, of 
Oregon; Orilla J., in Almond; Harvey, who 
died in the war; Marvin, deceased; Susan, 
Mrs. Beggs; Maria, deceased; Catherine; 
Joseph, in New York, on the old 

homestead; Cephas, deceased; and Nelson 
and Joshua, in Sparta, Monroe Co., Wis. 
The father was a successful farmer. Both 
parents always lived in St. Lawrence county, 
N. Y. , and died there, Mrs. Tucker in 1863, 
Mr. Tucker in 1 864. 

Mr. Beggs is a Democrat, and has al- 
ways supported that partj'. He has been 
justice of the peace for probably thirty-five 
years; was the first town clerk; was assessor 
for twenty-five j'ears, and treasurer for 
twenty-three years. Coming to Almond 
township in an early day, he is widely and 
favorably known, and highl)' respected in 
the community as a substantial citizen and 
for his many sterling qualities. 

LARS S. LARSEN is one of the ener- 
getic and successful citizens of Wau- 
paca. He is senior member of the 
firm of Larsen & Yosham, who own 
the finest meat market in the city, and do 
the largest business in that line. He is 
energetic simply because he cannot help it. 
He is one of those fortunate men who are 
born with an unusually large stock of vitality, 
which if directed aright is certain to bring 
to its happy possessors success in whatever 
field of enterprise they engage. And Mr. 
Larsen has held his vitality well in check, 
for his life has been governed by good busi- 
ness principles. As a consequence he has 
been of service to the community in which 
he lives in many ways by means of his wise 
counsel and the exercise of his energies. 

He was born near the city of Holbek, 
Island of Sjeland, Denmark, November 14, 
1857, son of Ole Larsen, a farmer. Ole 
Larsen had for a year served in the Danish 
army during the campaign in the West 
Indies. He had a familj- of seven children, 
four of whom — Peter, Andrew, Maggie and 
Lars S. — lived to emigrate with him to 
America in 1 860. This was the second Dan- 
ish family to settle in Waupaca township, 
Waupaca Co., Wis. On his arrival Ole 
Larsen purchased torty acres of land in 
Waupaca township, but five years later he 
moved to Lind township, and for fifteen 
years superintended the farm of his son-in- 
law. Returning to Waupaca, this pioneer 



Dane died in that city in November, 1S83, 
surviving his uife two years. 

Lars S. Larsen, the youngest son, at- 
tended the district schools of Lind town- 
ship until he was fourteen jears old. He 
then went to work for a farmer, contractmg 
to remain eight months at twelve dollars 
per month. The thrifty habits of the boy 
may be seen from the fact that when his 
term of service was ended $91 remained 
to his credit. In the eight months he had 
drawn only five dollars. For two years he 
thus worked and saved, but the mone}' 
earned did not go to his own use It was 
devoted to the purchase of a home for 
his father in Waupaca. When seventeen 
years old he began going into the woods 
in winters, and working in sawmills during 
the summers. He kept up this life for 
three years, and at one time injured his 
hand severely with the saw. He was an 
athletic young fellow, weighing 175 pounds, 
and the strongest in a gang of seventeen 
lumbermen. Lars was married, in Decem- 
ber, 1876, to Nicalena Anderson, a native 
of Denmark. After marriage he rented a 
farm in Lind township and worked it for 
three years. It was by the merest acci- 
dent that his efforts were directed to the 
butchering line. Having five head of cat- 
tle for sale he found it impossible to 
dispose of them, and in sheer desperation 
he killed the animals and sold the meat. 
It proved profitable and the young man 
bought some more beeves and disposed of 
them in the same way. The following 
spring he bought a farm of four forty- 
acre tracts, unimproved, built a house, and 
cleared the farm in summer and butchered 
in winter. Four years later he sold the 
farm, moved to Waupaca, and for a year 
worked in a butcher shop. Then, in 1884, 
he went into business for himself, and has 
continued it ever since. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Larsen con- 
sists of Carrie M., Charles, Fred, Oscar, 
Emma, Marie, Eva and Jessie. Himself and 
wife are members of the Lutheran Church. 
Politically he is a Republican. He has been 
ward policeman, and for seven terms has 
been chief of police. He is a member of 
the Knights of Honor, of the Modern Wood- 

men, and is serving as chairman of the 
board of health. Besides his business, Mr. 
Larsen owns a fine residence and eleven 
city lots. He has attained to an influential 
position in the civic affairs of Waupaca. 

ERICK JACOBSON. Quite a num- 
ber of the leading and prominent 
r,citizens of Merrill, Lincoln county, 
are of alien birth, and among these 
there is none that is better known or more 
widely respected than the gentleman whose 
name appears at the beginning of this 
sketch. He is a native of Sweden, born 
November 12, 1854, in Dais Land, and is a 
son of Jacob and Britta S. (Olson) Isaac- 
son. His father was a blacksmith and 
wagon maker by trade and followed those 
occupations in Sweden until his death, 
which occurred in 1892. The paternal 
grandfather, Isaac Stam, was a soldier in 
the Swedish army, and by his marriage had 
five children, three sons and two daughters, 
of whom the daughters died while young; 
one son was accidentally shot; and another 
was killed in a flouring mill. The maternal 
grandfather, Nels Backfall, was also a sol- 
dier. The mother of our subject was the 
daughter of Ole Backfalt, and had one 
brother and three sisters: John, Lizzie, Kas- 
sa and Mary S. By her marriage she be- 
came the mother of two children, namely: 
Erick and Sophia, and since her husband's 
death she has come to the United States and 
now makes her home with her son. 

Mr. Jacobson obtained his education in 
the common schools of Sweden and remained 
at home until 1882, when he decided to 
come to America. In his native land he 
had part of the time worked on a railroad. 
On landing in New York City in April, 1882, 
he went direct to Chicago, where he ob- 
tained a position in a rolling mill. He there 
remained for a year and a half, or until the 
fall of 1883, when he came to Merrill and 
worked in the woods during the winter, but 
the following spring returned to Chica- 
go and again worked in a rolling mill for six 
months. At the end of that time he re- 
moved to Iowa, where for eighteen months 
he was employed in a coal mine, after which 



he again came to Merrill, and has since 
made this place his home. He obtained a 
position in a lumber yard during the sum- 
mers, while in the winter he was in the 
woods for two seasons, and at the same 
time kept a boarding house. This he fol- 
lowed until Ma}-, 1893, when he opened a 
temperance saloon, which he conducted for 
three months, and then put in a stock of 
groceries, which business he still continues 
with marked success. 

In 1884, in Chicago, our subject was 
united in marriage with Charlotte Aronson, 
who was born in Sweden, July 30, 1859, 
and is a daughter of Aaron and Mary L. 
Anderson, who were the parents of fourteen 
children, nine of whom are still living; 
Anna, August, Charlotte, Ricka, Eliza, Min- 
nie, Charles, John H. and Walfrid. Mrs. 
Jacobson came to the United States in 1883, 
but her parents still reside in Sweden, where 
the father is engaged in farming. Her pa- 
ternal grandfather, Andrew Anderson, was 
also an agriculturist, and by his marriage 
had a family of four children, all of whom 
are now deceased, with the exception of An- 

Mr. Jacobson has never taken an active 
part in politics, but in performing the duties 
of an American citizen at the polls votes 
the straight Prohibition ticket. In religious 
matters he and his wife are consistent mem- 
bers of the Swedish Lutheran Church and 
their genuine social and moral worth gives 
them a high place in the regard of their fel- 
low citizens. 

ALBERTA. JEFFERS, a well-known 
farmer of Portage county, was born 
in Jefferson county, N. Y. , and is a 
son of George and Belinda (Cadwell) 
Jeffers. The grandfather, Thomas Jeffers, 
was a native of Connecticut and a descend- 
ant of Judge Jefferj'S of England, who was 
the founder of the family in America, and 
changed the name to its present spelling. 
George Jeffers was reared on a farm in New 
York, and in 1855 came to Wisconsin, lo- 
cating on a farm in F"armington township, 
Waupaca county, where his remaining da}s 
were passed. His wife, who was born 

April 21, 1806, in the State of Connecticut, 
is still living, and, though she has reached 
the age of eighty-nine, enjoys ver}' good 
health. She makes her home with our sub- 
ject and with her daughter, Mrs. Penny, of 
Sheridan. The children of the family are : 
Seymour, Eliza A., Henry C, Cornelia J., 
Truman G., Ellen M., Julius M., Albert A., 
Emma S., Earle L. , Laura S., Winfield S. 
and Washington B. 

On the maternal side Mr. Jeffers traces 
his ancestry back through many generations. 
His grandfather, Phineas Cadwell, was a 
son of Ashbel, and through Nehemiah, Ed- 
ward, Abraham, William Nehemiah, Mat- 
thew Edward, Daniel, David, Joseph Tim- 
othy, Aaron and Moses to Edward Cadwell, 
who, with his brother Matthew, sailed from 
England on the "Mayflower" in 1620. 
The famil}' had gone to that country from 
Holland and previouslj- lived in Scotland. 
The wife of Edward reached the advanced 
age of one hundred and three years. Phineas 
Cadwell, grandfather of our subject, was 
born in Hartford, Conn., and at the age of 
two years went with his parents to Litchfield 
county, where at the age of eighteen he en- 
tered the Colonial army, serving in the 
Revolutionar}' war until independence was 
achieved. He married Eleanor Hayden, 
and lived with his parents until the death of 
his father. In 1794, he removed his family 
to Town Hill, where he remained until 1800, 
keeping a public house for two j'ears. He 
then went with his family to Litchfield, 
Conn., and in December, 1801, took a trip 
to New York, and purchased a farm, to 
which he removed the following summer, 
the location being in Chenango county, now 
Madison county. In 1808, he removed to 
the shore of Oneida lake, locating in the 
wilderness, where for a time he was engaged 
in farming. In the spring of 1845, he went 
with his daughter to Fabius, and in 1849 
took up his residence at the home of his son, 
E. S. Cadwell. in Madison county, N. Y. , 
where he died February 1 1, 1857. at the age 
of ninety-nine years, eleven months and ten 
days. In 1856, he received from the govern- 
ment, for services rendered in the Revolu- 
tion, a land warrant for 160 acres, which he 
located in Racine county, Wis. His chil- 



dren were Polly A., born July 13, 1781; 
Polly A., born August 25, 1783; Mahala, 
born September 17, 1785; Ebenezer S. , 
born October 7, 1787; Eleanor, born April 
13, 1793; Emma, born October 16, 1795; 
Ashbel, born August 11, 1799; and Belinda, 
born April 21, 1S06. 

We now resume the personal history of 
Albert A. Jeffers, who acquired his educa- 
tion in the district schools of Waupaca 
county, and was reared upon his father's 
farm, remaining at home until his marriage. 
He wedded Jessie Le Prevost in Weyau- 
wega, Wis. , November 21,1 860. She was 
born in the town of Halifax, Nova Scotia, 
March 12, 1847, and is a daughter of Capt. 
Nicholas M. and Jennie (Streeter) Le Pre- 
vost. Her father was born on the Island 
of Guernsey, off the coast of France, was a 
son of Sir Nicholas Le Prevost, who owned 
a large estate on that island. The baronial 
castle was left to his daughters, who are 
still residing therein, and on the death of 
those ladies the estate will descend to 
George F. Le Prevost, a brother of Mrs. 
Jeffers, now residing in Philadelphia, Pa. 
He is a gentleman of culture, a graduate of 
one of the leading universities of this country. 
He was twice married, and his first wife, who 
died fourteen years ago, had three children, 
but all are now deceased. The sisters of 
Mrs. Jeffers are Mary J., wife of Alfred 
Tasker, a wealthy cotton and woolen manu- 
facturer who with his family spends the 
winter in London, England, and the re- 
mainder of the year in their beautiful sum- 
mer home in the heart of Kent county; 
Louisa R. , wife of William Warfel, who is 
living near Prairie Center, Neb. ; and Mar- 
garet L., who became the wife of J. H. 
Morgan, and died December 28, 1893, leav- 
ing six children. Captain Le Prevost was 
at one time an extensive ship owner; he is 
now deceased. 

During her early girlhood, Mrs. Jeffers 
attended a private school in Halifax. With 
her parents she sailed from that place, June 
9, 1856, on the "Eastern State," which in 
a dense fog collided with an inward bound 
vessel which sank immediately, not a soul 
being saved. The "Eastern State" was 
seriously damaged and this experience Mrs. 

Jeffers will never forget, for the shrieks of 
the doomed people could be plainly heard 
by those who were unable to render any 
assistance. For three weeks the Le Prevost 
family visited relatives in Boston, where the 
Captain served as chief witness and was in- 
strumental in securing the acquittal of Capt. 
W^ard, commander of the " Eastern State," 
to whose carelessness the accident was 
charged. The family then came to Farm- 
ington, Wis. Mrs. Jeffers is a remarkably 
well-informed lady, a fluent and pleasing 
talker and her kindliness and benevolence 
have won her the respect and love of all. 

To our subject and wife were born the 
following children: George N., born Sep- 
tember 6, 1866; Henry W., born December 
14, 1872, and is a graduate of the business 
college of Dixon, 111.; Ellen M., born No- 
vember 7, 1874, and for several terms a 
teacher, now attending the Normal School at 
Stevens Point; Bessie L. , born April 29, 
1S78, now attending school in Lanark, Wis., 
and Martha B., born December 11, 1880, 
who possesses considerable musical talent, 
and is now attending school in Lanark. 

During the Civil war, Mr. JefTers enlisted 
at Waupaca, October 7, 1861, in Company 
B, Fourteenth Wis. V. I., and after three 
weeks' drill at Weyauwega, joined his regi- 
ment at Fond du Lac, whence the command 
was ordered to St. Louis, thence to the 
South. He participated in the battles of 
Shiloh and Vicksburg, and a wound received 
at the latter caused his detention in the 
hospital for three months. He was also in 
the battles of luka. Pleasant Hill, Ciouters- 
ville. Cane River, Marksville, Yellow Bayou, 
Tupelo, Old Town Creek, Fort Blakely, 
Spanish Fort, Nashville, and Augusta. He 
was mustered out of the service at Mobile, 
Ala., October 12, 1865, immediately returned 
home and purchased 125 acres of land in 
Lanark township, Portage county. He after- 
ward disposed of a part of this and pur- 
chased land in Amherst township. He still 
has ninety acres, of which fifty acres are 
cleared, and he is rapidly transforming it into 
rich and fertile fields. In politics he is a 
Republican and keeps well informed on the 
issues of the day. He is a Protestant in re- 
ligious belief, and is a man who has the con- 



fidence and high regard of neighbors and 
friends, having won their esteem by his well- 
spent life. 

OLE LARSON, a prominent merchant 
of ^^'aupaca, now conducts a thriv- 
ing grocery store, and for many years 
has been identified with the growing 
business interests of this city. 

He is a native of Denmark, where he 
was born in December, 1826, son of Lars 
and Anna (Hanson) Hanson. Lars Hanson 
was a farmer, and had a family of twelve chil- 
dren, of whom Ole, the second son, is now 
the sole survivor. Ole was reared on a 
farm, and received a good common-school 
education. He was apprenticed to a shoe- 
maker and learned that trade in his native 
land. In 1856, at the age of twenty-nine 
years, he decided to emigrate to America. 
He located first at Pine Lake, Wis., where 
for a short time he worked on a farm. He 
then removed to Muskegon, Mich., and for 
three years worked in a sawmill. Return- 
ing to Wisconsin in the fall of 1859, he was 
occupied in different ways at Waupaca until 
in 1 86 1 he resumed the trade of his youth 
and opened a shoe shop. It proved a suc- 
cessful venture, for the business grew rapidly 
and he prospered. At one time he employed 
five men, and carried an extensive stock of 
goods. About 1870 he sold out his boot and 
shoe business and with L. Pedersen as a 
partner opened a grocery store. Disposing 
of his interest to his partner the ne.xt year 
Mr. Larson cultivated a small farm for a 
number of years, or until 1887, when he 
again entered the grocery business, and is 
now at the head of a mercantile establisment 
which commands a good trade. 

Mr. Larson was first married, in 1865, 
to Elizabeth Austin, of American birth. One 
son, Lewis Austin Larson, was born to them, 
and he now assists his father in the store. 
The mother died in 1878, and six years later 
Mr. Larson was married to Hannah Ever- 
son, a native of Norway. Politically Mr. 
Larson is a RDpublican, and for two terms 
he has served his ward as an alderman in 
the city council. He has been a member 
of the Danish Lutheran Church since 1859, 

and is a member of the Dane Home. Com- 
ing to America a poor young man, Mr. Lar- 
son has by his adherence to principles of 
honor and integrity won the confidence and 
high regard of the people of Waupaca and 
vicinit}'. He is now one of its most influen- 
tial and enterprising citizens. 

JOHN M. STAUBER. Wood county 
has many well-to-do and successful 
business men who are the architects of 
their own fortunes, and have been con- 
nected largel}' with its prosperity. Among 
these is the subject of this personal history, 
who at present is engaged in the manufac- 
ture of cigars in Marshfield, where he is con- 
ducting an excellent business, having in his 
employ three men most of the time. 

Mr. Stauber was born in Bohemia on 
the 6th of Ma}', 1858, and is a son of John 
Stauber, who is a farmer by occupation and 
is a land owner of Bohemia, where he and 
his wife are still living. The father married 
Elizabeth Thrlbeck, and they became the 
parents of eight children, as follows: Anton, 
Joseph, Fannie, Mary, Theresa, John M., 
Charles and Andrew. Our subject has one 
brother and one sister now residing in this 
country — Charles and Theresa. 

John M. Stauber was reared on his 
father's farm, and thus in early life became 
familiar with the work devolving on a gen- 
eral farmer. He attended the common 
schools of his native land, acquiring a good 
German education. He remained in Bo- 
hemia until twenty-three j'ears of age, when 
he determined to make America his future 
home, and in June, 1881, crossed the At- 
lantic. At the age of eighteen he had en- 
tered the army of his native land, in which 
he served four years as a musician. After 
landing in this country he came direct to 
Wisconsin, stopping first at Manitowoc, 
where he had friends living. There he 
learned the trade of cirgar-making, and re- 
mained in that city until September, 18S2, 
when he settled in Marshfield, which has 
since been his place of residence. He here 
worked at his trade in the employ of others, 
until December, 1890, when he started in 
business for himself, which has since been 



successfully carried on. May 1st he made 
a change in his business to that of a bakery, 
confectionery and grocery store, which is 
styled the Marshfield Bakery. He is one of 
the self-made men of the community, having 
landed in the United States with only $20 
in his pocket. 

On April 27, 1885, Mr. Stauber was 
united in marriage, at Marshfield, with Anna 
M. Kohl, a native of Washington county, Wis. , 
and by this union have been born four chil- 
dren, namely: Joseph J., Rosa M., Frank 
A., and Dora B. In politics our subject is a 
Democrat, but has never been a politician 
in the sense of office seeking. He holds 
membership with the Catholic Church and 
also belongs to the Catholic Knights, 
and to the Modern Woodmen of America. 
He is a great lover of music, and is now 
serving as chief bugler of the Second Regi- 
ment Wis. N. G. He organized the Marshfield 
Band, consisting of eighteen pieces, and is at 
present its leader, a position he is well quali- 
fied to fill. Mr. Stauber is a man of good 
financial ability and of e.xcellent judgment, 
and since becoming a resident of this city 
has won the respect and confidence of the 
community, and occupies a leading position 
among its influential citizens. 

NEWELL GROVER, dealer in liquors 
at Amherst Junction, Portage coun- 
ty, was born in the town of Alle- 
gany, Cattaraugus Co., N. Y. , July 
27, 1854, and is a son of Isaac Reed and 
Rosella (Devreau.x) Grover, natives of the 
Empire State. In 1855, the father came 
west in search of a location, and purchased 
eighty acres of wild land in Amherst town- 
ship. Portage county, upon which he made 
a clearing, then built a log cabin. In the 
spring of 1856, he sent for his family who 
joined him, and upon the first farm they 
lived for a 3'ear, when the father disposed of 
that property and bought a large tract of 
wild land on Waupaca river. There he 
built a log house and lived for two years, 
when he again sold out and bought forty 
acres on which Amherst Junction now 
stands. Later he purchased seven acres of 
what is called the old Turner farm. He 

erected the first house in Amherst Junction, 
a frame building and there lived for many 
years. This old house is still standing, 
though now in a dilapidated condition. 

While the father was in the Civil war, 
our subject and his brother made a number 
of improvements upon the farm. Newell 
attended the public schools until seventeen 
years of age, and worked in the fields dur- 
ing the summers. Later he was employed 
at various occupations, engaging in railroad- 
ing for eight years, after which he rented 
and operated a farm near Buena Vista, Wis., 
for one year. During the succeeding four 
years he was a traveling salesman, and upon 
his return to Amherst Junction engaged in- 
the livery business with Charles Dwinnell. 
At first they had only three horses, but 
when Mr. Grover sold out they had six. 
horses and an excellent stock of carriages. 
In February, 1891, he purchased the saloon 
which he still conducts, and in the spring of 
1893 he repurchased a half interest in the 
old livery barn, and in the autumn became 
sole proprietor. In August, 1894, he sold 
the livery business, but again bought it back 
in March, 1895. In May, 1893, he and Mr. 
Dwinnell purchased the Guyant saloon, 
which is conducted by the latter. By per- 
sistence and enterprise, Mr. Grover has ac- 
cumulated considerable property, and the 
only aid he ever received was a gift from 
his father of a lot on which he himself built 
a house shortly before his marriage. This 
was his home until 1885. 

Mr. Grover was married in East Gran- 
ville, Wis., April 8, 1877, to Betsey M. 
Hopkins, daughter of C. Perry and Martha 
(Woodard) Hopkins, the former born in 
Macomb county, Mich., April 10, 1828, and 
the latter in Indiana in 1831. Mr. Hopkins 
is a son of Sherman and Miranda Hopkins, 
natives of New York, who after their mar- 
riage emigrated to Michigan. In 1834, they 
located in Milwaukee, Wis., and were among 
its first settlers. Sherman Hopkins was an 
intimate friend of Solomon Juneau, said to 
have been the first white settler of Milwau- 
kee. After leaving that cit}' in 1854, he re- 
sided in various places in this State. Dur- 
ing the war of the Rebellion, he served as 
drum major. He was born in New York, 



March 17, 1808, and his wife was born in 
1 81 2. They are still living with their son 
George, at the ages of eighty-seven and 
eighty-four years, respectively. Their chil- 
dren are: C. Perr}-; George, a farmer of 
Dale, Wis. ; Jane, widow of Jesse Crouch, 
of Appleton, Wis.; James, a farmer of Ne- 
braska; and Russell, a carpenter of Antigo. 

When a young man. Perry Hopkins 
learned the mason's trade in Milwaukee, and 
in that city was married. He located on a 
farm a short distance from Oshkosh, Wis. , 
in 1854, and hiring a man to operate his 
land, worked at his trade in the town during 
the summer season. He there lived about 
fifteen years, when he sold out and removed 
with his family to Stevens Point, Wis., 
where for twelve years he followed mason 
work. Within that time his wife died, Sep- 
tember 4th, 1870. He then took his family 
to Appleton, Wis., where he lived for three 
years. There he married Anna Alder, by 
whom he had one child that lived but eight 
months. His wife died two years later, and 
he then returned to Stevens Point, where 
he wedded Miss Phcebe Faulkner. Since 
1894, he has resided in Amherst Junction. 
The children of the first marriage are Mary 
E., widow of Edward Tobie, of Amherst; 
William Wallace, a section foreman in the 
State of ^^'ashington; and Mrs. Grover (who 
supported herself from the age of fifteen 
until her marriage, at which time she was 
keeping house for her uncle, Daniel Small). 

The children of Isaac R. Grover were 
George, who married Mahala Post, lives at 
Rockford, Iowa, and is the father of Stella 
M., Perry M., and Herbert; Melvina L., the 
wife of Edmund Turner, a farmer of Mar- 
shall county, Kans. , and is the mother of 
Fred, Hattie, Ida and Charles; Ransom D., 
who married Sophia Dwinnell, and died 
leaving a daughter, Edith; Alzina R., wife 
of William H. Worden, and is the mother of 
Delbert, Burdette, Eli, Henry and Bertie; 
Newell and Martin, the latter a farmer of 
South Dakota, who married Katy Lesshart, 
and is the father of one child, Earle. 

The mother of our subject died on the 
old homestead, and the father was married 
in March, 1873, to Selina Russell, by whom 
he had five children: Ira; Agnes, deceased; 

Lilly; Esther and Frank. In 1861, Isaac 
Reed Grover enlisted at Amherst in Com- 
pany H, Third Wis. V. C, and served 
throughout the war. His death occurred 
January 12, 1883, and the community 
thereby lost one of its best citizens. He was 
a stalwart Republican, and a self-made man, 
who started out in life a poor boy, but be- 
came the possessor of a valuable property. 
Newell Grover is also a stanch Republi- 
can. His only child, Hattie M. , was born 
January i, 1882. Mr. Grover is a well in- 
formed man, of pleasant and genial disposi- 
tion, and his circle of friends is extensive. 
In October, 1894, he purchased his present 
place of business, which he has since re- 
modeled and to it made additions. He has 
also built on this lot a new dwellinc: house. 

of St. Peter and St. Paul's Roman 
Catholic Church, Grand Rapids, 
Wood county, was born in Strass- 
burg, Alsace, Germany, on August 12, 1848, 
and is the son of Phillip Frederick and Anne 
(Gobelin) Beyerle. He was reared in the 
city of his birth, and in its schools acquired 
his education, excepting one 3'ear's attend- 
ance at St. Francis Academy in Milwaukee, 
Wis., after his emigration to the United 
States. Being fitted for the priesthood of 
the Roman Catholic Church, he was or- 
dained for his chosen life work at the Pro- 
Cathedral of Green Bay, Wis., by the Right 
Rev. Bishop Melcher, June 16, 1871, and 
was assigned to duty in the parish of Duck 
Creek, together with other missions. There 
he performed his work faithfully for six 
3"ears, on the expiration of which period he 
was transferred to Marinette, Wis., \\-here 
he had charge of a church until 1S78. 

In that \ear Father Beyerle came to 
Grand Rapids, and has since been stationed 
here, his pastorate covering a period of more 
than sixteen years. He is a zealous worker, 
earnest and untiring, and is highly esteemed 
by the members of his large congregation. 
During his administration in this parish 
through his instrumentalit}' has been erected 
a house for the Sisters, a large school build- 
ing, which is now completed and ready for 



occupancy, and there have been added eight 
lots to the church property. He is an able 
minister of his denomination, and his long 
continuance with the church in Grand Rap- 
ids shows the place that he has won in the 
hearts of his parishioners. 

NAAMAN BELKNAP is a native of 
Massachusetts, born July 8, 1S28, a 
son of Joseph and Saber (Onthank) 
Belknap, who were also natives of 
the Bay State. There were ten children 
born to them, six of whom are dead. The 
four who are yet living are as follows: Levi, 
a farmer residing in Dunn county. Wis. ; 
Ebenezer, a resident of Milford, Jtfass. ; 
Valentine, who carries on agricultural pur- 
suits at Hopkinton, Afass. ; and Naaman. 
The parents of this family are both now 
deceased. They departed this life in Hop- 
kinton, and their remains were interred in 
the cemetery at that place. 

No event of special importance occur- 
red during the boyhood and youth of our 
subject, which were quietly passed upon 
the old home farm. He aided in the labors 
of the fields through the summer months, 
and in the winter seasons attended the 
common schools of Hopkinton until fifteen 
years of age, when, wishing to learn a 
trade he took up shoe making, and, hav- 
■ ing mastered it, made the business mainly 
a life work. During the past twlve years he 
has abandoned the bench and given his 
time to farming. He continued to reside in 
the State of his nativity for some time after 
he had attained his majority, but at length 
bade adieu to home and friends in the East 
and started for the Mississippi valley. In 
1856, he located in Waupun, Wis., where 
for two years he resided, going thence to 
Ripon, Wis., where the succeeding year 
was passed. He then went to Stevens 
Point, this State, where he also spent a 
year, and in June, i860, he came to Grand 
Rapids, which has now for more than a 
third of a century been his place of abode. 
Here he carried on shoe making for some 
time and did a good business along that line, 
but, as before stated, he took up farming 
about twelve years since, and has given his 

time and energies to the pursuit to which he 
was reared. 

In 1865, at Grand Rapids, Mr. Belknap 
was united in marriage with Mrs. Lavina 
Ketchum, a widow lady of this place, and 
to them were born two children, a daughter 
and son, Lida M., wife of George Shearer; 
and Charles James. Both are still residing 
in Grand Rapids. The family attend the Con- 
gregational Church, and in the communi- 
ty where they reside they have a large circle 
of friends and acquaintances. Mr. Belknap 
casts his ballot in support of Republican 
principles and is a wide-awake and pro- 
gressive citizen, who has taken an active 
part in all interests and enterprises calcu- 
lated to advance the general welfare. His 
life has been well spent, and all who know 
him hold him in high esteem for his sterling 
worth and strict integrit}-. 

WILLIAM RADLEY, one of the 
most highly respected citizens of 
Waupaca county, well deserving 
of mention in this volume, was 
born in Yorkshire, England, June 11, 1830, 
and his parents, John and Grace (Moslej-) 
Radley, were also natives of the same 

In his youth the father worked as a farm 
hand, and at the age of twenty began learn- 
ing the weaver's trade. In August, 1830, 
with his wife and two children, Ann and 
William, the latter only nine weeks old, 
he came to America. Two children, Joseph 
and James, died in their native land. For 
two years John Radley followed weaving in 
New York City, and, having saved a few dol- 
lars, went to Buffalo, where he intended to 
purchase land, but was robbed by foot-pads 
and left for dead. He recovered, however, 
and returned to New York City, but after a 
short time removed to Dutchess county, 
N. Y. , where he was employed for eighteen 
years in a calico factory. In 1846, he re- 
moved to Spring Prairie, Walworth county. 
Wis., and worked a farm on shares. On 
going to this county he left his family in the 
East, but they followed him, arriving there 
July 4, 1847. They traveled the entire 
distance by water. .\t this time the chil- 


dren of the family were: Ann, who had be- 
come the wife of Simeon Wilde, whom she 
married in Dutchess county, N. Y., and had 
two sons, John and William; our subject. 
next in order of birth; George, now of Day- 
ton; Allen, of Lind; Martha, who died in in- 
fancy; Mary, now Mrs. David Taylor of 
Farmington township, Waupaca county; 
and Eliza, wife of Charles Hutton of Pine 
River, Wis. It was in \\'alworth county 
that the sons were initiated into farming, 
for previousl}^ they had been employed in 
factories of the East amidst discipline and 
system, and in this new country they had 
unlimited sway. In later years the family, 
with the exception of our subject, removed 
to Green Lake county. Wis., and three 
years later came to Lind township, Wau- 
paca county, where the father died at the 
age of seventy-seven. His wife, surviving 
him two 3'ears, passed away at the same 
age. They were buried in Lind cemetery. 
In politics he was first a Democrat, but af- 
terward allied himself with no party. 

Our subject obtained the greater part of 
his education at Sunday schools and at night 
schools, there being no free schools in the 
neighborhood. At the tender age of nine 
years he began to earn his living in the fac- 
tories of the East, being employed for sev- 
eral years in a calico factory and afterward 
in a comb factory. The first free school he 
attended was in Walworth county, whither 
he came at the age of seventeen. In that 
county he married Cordelia C. Robbins, 
December 19, 1848, she being a native of 
Herkimer county, N. Y. , born October 17, 
1832, and a daughter of John A. and Lucy 
(Holridge) Robbins, who settled in Wal- 
worth county during the territorial days of 
the State. In their family were eleven 
children, Mrs. Radley being the eldest. 

In the spring after his marriage, Mr. 
Radley rented a farm, and for a year was 
employed in a nurser\-. In the spring of 
1850, he removed to Lind township, Wau- 
paca county, which was a sparselj- settled 
region; but, anxious to get a home, he 
bravely endured the hardships incident to 
pioneer life. His first house was a log cabin 
20 X 14 feet, and the farm comprised forty 
acres,' purchased at the government price, 

$1.25 per acre, and to pay for it he had to 
sell his yoke of cattle, which he had raised 
from calves. Before the removal to this 
farm a son, John A., was born August 12, 
1 849, and two sons were added to the 
family in Lind township, William W. , who 
was born November 27, 1853, now a car- 
penter and skilled mechanic of Rural, Wis. ; 
and Giles H., who was born ' August 5, 
1856, now a resident of Dayton township. 
The other children were born in Dayton 
township, and are Charles M., born April 7, 
1863, a teacher and carpenter of Rural, 
Wis.; and George A., born February 23, 
1866, also a carpenter of Rural. 

Mr. Radley, in 1861, traded his forty 
acres of land for eighty acres of wild land 
in Section 20, Dayton township, on which 
stood only a rude board shanty that was 
supplanted by a better home the following 
summer. He has developed one of the best 
farms in Waupaca county, highly cultivated 
and yielding to him a golden tribute in return 
for the care and labor he has bestowed upon 
it. For over forty years he has made a 
study of the diseases of horses and cattle and 
is a practical veterinary surgeon, who has 
been extremely successful in his treatment 
of domestic animals. On questions of 
national importance, Mr. Radley votes with 
the Democracy, but in local elections where 
no issue is involved casts his ballot inde- 
pendent of party questions. After their 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Radley had but 12 
shillings, and for their success in life deserve 
great credit. They are charitable and 
benevolent people, in whom the poor and 
needy find friends, and in Dayton township 
no one is more highly respected than this 
worthy couple. 

ten years has been a trusted employe 
of the Upham Manufacturing Com- 
pany, is numbered among the lead- 
ing and influential citizens of Marshfield, 
Wood county, prominent in public affairs 
and devoted to the best interests of the com- 
munity in which he makes his home. Any- 
thing calculated to promote the educational, 
social and moral welfare of the community 


receives his endorsement and support and he 
therefore well deserves mention among the 
representative men of the county. 

Mr. Marshall was born in Toronto, Can- 
ada, Jnne 20, 1864, and is a son of Alexander 
Marshall, who was born in Canada in 1804. 
By occupation the father was a farmer, fol- 
lowing:; that pursuit throughout the greater 
part of his life. About 1834 he married 
Martha Livingston, and to them were born 
twelve children, of whom James, Alexander, 
Mary, Martha, Ann, Lizzie, Robert, Maggie 
and Louisa are still living; Sarah, the eldest, 
died in February, 1894; William died in 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, at the age of thirty- 
five, leaving a widow and three children; 
George died in 1867. The father of this 
family was called to his final rest July 16, 
1886. He was a highly respected man, hon- 
ored with a number of public offices of trust, 
and his well-spent life of more than eighty 
years furnishes an example deserving of emu- 
lation. His widow still survives him. 

The Marshall family is of Irish origin. 
James Marshall, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject sailed from the Emerald Isle to Can- 
ada when a young man. He there married 
Clarissa Winnie, and they became the par- 
ents of the following children: William, Mar- 
garet, James, Mary, Nellie, and two others of 
whom we have no record. The grand- 
father carried on agricultural pursuits and 
remained in Canada until his death. On 
the maternal side Robert Marshall is of 
Scotch descent, his grandparents both being 
natives of Scotland. In their family were 
seven children: Sallie, John, Martha, Fan- 
ny, Mary, Jane and William, the last named 
a soldier. 

The gentleman whose name opens this 
record remained on the old home farm until 
sixteen years of age, when he began learn- 
ing the carpenter's trade, serving an ap- 
prenticeship of two and a half years. During 
the winter of 1879 he went to Clinton, Iowa, 
where his brother James was living, remain- 
ing in that place for a year. He was there 
married in 1880, after which he took up 
railroading, but followed that pursuit only a 
short time, when he secured a position as 
saw-filer in the sawmill belonging to W. J. 
Young & Co. On leaving that position he 

leased a farm in Iowa, which he cultivated 
for three years, and then changed his place 
of residence, coming to Marshfield in Febru- 
ary, 1885. Here he entered the employ of 
the Upham Manufacturing Company, first 
working in the yards, but winning promo- 
tion from time to time until, in 1887, he 
was given the position of lumber inspector. 
He still serves in that capacity, faithfully 
discharging his duties, and has the entire 
confidence of his employers. 

The wedding celebrated in Clinton, Iowa, 
on the 25th of November, 1880, united the 
destinies of Mr. Marshall and Miss Helena 
M. Loucks, a daughter of Dewitt C. and 
Charlotte D. (Clendening) Loucks. They 
now have one son, Ernel Roy. Mr. Mar- 
shall is a supporter of the men and measures 
of the Republican party, and was elected 
alderman of the Third ward although the 
city is Democratic. This fact shows the 
esteem in which he is held by his fellow 
townsmen, a fact due to his personal popu- 
larity. He belongs to the Order of United 
Workmen, and is a charter member of the 
Marshfield Camp of Woodmen of the World. 
He and his wife hold membership with 
the Presbyterian Church and are deeply in- 
terested in its success and upbuilding. His 
life has not been marked with thrilling ex- 
periences, but is not without its points of in- 
terest as is that of every man who has done 
his duty to himself, his neighbor and his 

person of this well-known minister, 
who is pastor of the Baptist Church 
in Waupaca, the city has a repre- 
sentative of Puritan stock and of a family 
that for generations has been actively iden- 
tified with the best growth, material, intel- 
lectual and spiritual, of the United States. 
Mr. Colby was born in Erie county, 
N. Y., near Buffalo, in June, 1835. His 
father, Jesse Colby, a farmer, was a native 
of Vermont, where he was born in 1805. 
The father of Jesse was Ezekiel Colby, a 
native of New Hampshire, and the father of 
the latter was also Ezekiel Colby, who was 
commissioned a captain bj- King George to 


serve in the French and Indian war. And 
so the genealogy goes back to honest- 
hearted old Anthony Colby, who for the 
sake of his religious convictions crossed 
the ocean with the Pilgrim fathers and 
located a tract of land whereon to earn 
a livelihood, at the mouth of the Merrimac 
river. The family lineage is traced back to 
1560 at Oldstead Hall, and to Roos Hall, 
Beccles, England. The family name to 
Norfolk, 1 199. 

Ezekiel Colby, Sr. , great-grandfather of 
Rufus H., married a Miss Fowler, of an 
old Welsh family of Baptist faith. They 
had a family of eight children of whom Ezek- 
iel, Jr., married Ruth Davis. They reared 
a family of nine children, eight sons 
and one daughter, and in 1810 became 
pioneers of western New York. Ezekiel 
served as a non-commissioned officer in the 
war of 18 1 2, and his son Jonathan held the 
rank of colonel. Jesse, who was next to 
the youngest son of Ezekiel, married Mary 
Ann Odell, in 1833. She was born in 
Junius, Seneca county, N. Y., daughter of 
Jeremiah and Prudence (Lamphier) Odell, 
pioneers of western New York. Jeremiah 
Odell, who was a man of some literary 
tastes and ability, died in middle life, about 
1820, leaving a widow with ten children. 
But Prudence Odell was a remarkable 
woman, of Spartan courage and force of 
character, and proved equal to the task be- 
fore her. She raised the entire family of 
three sons and seven daughters to manhood 
and womanhood. Jesse Colby, while a 
farmer, was a man of deep religious nature. 
He was an e.xcellent musician, and closely 
attached to his home, which he endeared to 
his children. His tastes were quiet, and in 
no manner did he seek notoriety. The 
children of Jesse and Mary Ann Colby were 
Rufus H. ; Caroline, now wife of Rev. E. 
W. Green, of New York; Seymour J., who 
served in the Rebellion and who now lives 
at Ogdensburg, Waupaca county, and 
Nathan, who died in boyhood. The father 
in 1863 removed from New York to Wiscon- 
sin to be near his children, but died two 
years later at Waupaca, aged fifty-nine 
years. The mother died in New York in 

Rufus H. Colby, the eldest child, re- 
mained on the farm until eighteen years of 
age. He then taught school in New York 
and in Canada, and the winter of 1856- 
57 he taught near Madison, Wis. Subse- 
quently attending school at the Springville 
Academy. Completing his education at the 
old Chicago University and the Theological 
Seminary, he entered the ministry in 1859, 
at the age of twenty-four years, his first 
call being at the Baptist Church at W^eyau- 
wega. Here he remained seven years, and 
then filled a pastorate for three years at 
Lamartine. In 1869, he accepted a call 
from his old church in Holland, Erie Co., 
N. Y., with which he had united as a mem- 
ber as a young man. In 1877, h^ ^^^s 
called to Buffalo, and there organized the 
Emanuel Church, serving for six years. 
Serving a number of other Churches in the 
East, the last being at Dundee, Rev. Colby 
in 1892 came west again as pastor of the 
Church at Waupaca. Since entering the 
ministry Rev. Colby has built up a number 
of new and weak Churches, having shown a 
great capacity for that important branch of 
ministerial labor. 

In 1 86 1 he was married to Miss Mary 
E. Sanders, daughter of David and Chloe 
(Tucker) Sanders and granddaughter of Job 
Sanders, a sea captain, who married Nancy 
Chase, an aunt of Alvin Chase, of Recipe 
Book fame. Mrs. Colby died at Gowanda. 
N. Y. , and was buried at Strykersville, 
N. Y. , her native home. By this marriage 
Rev. Colby has four children- — Merle D., 
Jesse Clair, Charles C. and Ray Harold. 
In 1892 he married Mrs. Mary (Lowell) 
Oakes, daughter of Rev. Josiah Lowell, of 
New York. Rev. Lowell was a native of 
Maine, and one of a family of six brothers, 
three of whom were ministers and three law- 
yers. He married Mary Wilcox, a native 
of Vermont, whose parents became early 
settlers in western New York. To Rev. Josiah 
and Mar\- Lowell four children were born: 
Childs, Adams, Josiah and Mary. Seth M. 
Oakes, the first husband of Mrs. Colby, was a 
native of New York. They were married in 
i860, and the following year settled on a 
farm in Waupaca county, W'is. Mr. Oakes, 
in 1876, opened a general store at Wau- 



paca and remained in active business until 
his death in 1888. Mrs. Oakes continued in 
business for three years, and then sold out. 
Mr. Oakes was a strong temperance man, 
a Republican in politics, and was actively 
interested in the welfare of Waupaca. He 
was a member of the I. O. O. F., with 
which Order Rev. Colby is also connected. 

JOHN MERCER (deceased), who was 
one of the most prominent architects 
and contractors of Wausau, was born 
at Mona Mills, Canada West, May 10, 
1837. His parents, Robert and Mary Mer- 
cer, were residents of Canada for many years. 
There were born to Robert and Mary Mer- 
cer a family of ten children, of whom four 
are now living, namely: Thomas L., resid- 
ing at Orangeville, Province of Ontario, 
Canada; James A., at Tottenham, Ontario, 
Canada; Jitartha, wife of James Snell, at 
Mona Mills, Ontario, Canada; and Elizabeth, 
wife of Robert Richardson, at Bay City, 

John Mercer was reared to manhood and 
educated in Mona Mills, Canada. After 
leaving school he learned cabinet making, but 
later studied architectural drawing, and en- 
gaged in carpenter work. At Orangeville, 
Canada West, June 12, 1859, John Mercer 
was united in marriage with Miss Agnes 
Moore; and to their union were born three 
children, as follows: Alzina A., at Port 
Elgin, Canada West, July 18, 1863; Jean- 
nette M., at Grand Rapids, Wood Co., Wis., 
May 17, 1870, and Thomas B., at Port Ed- 
wards, Wood county. Wis., February 20, 
1872. The parents of Mrs. Mercer, Adams 
and Jane (Currie) Moore, reside at Lisbon 
Center, N. Y. Mr. Mercer removed to Sag- 
inaw, Mich., in 1862, and was engaged there 
in contracting and building for about a year; 
then to Superior, Douglas Co. , Wis. , where 
he resided about two years. In 1865, he 
went to Grand Rapids, Wood Co., Wis., 
made his home there for seven years, and, 
in 1872, removed to Wausau, Marathon 
county, where he resided up to the time of 
his death, which occurred July 26, 1894. 

Mr. Mercer was a prominent member of 
the Masonic Fraternity, also of the Knights 

Templar. He was the architect and builder 
of most of the handsome edifices which adorn 
the city of Wausau, noticeable among which 
are the Plumer residence. First National 
Bank, and many other handsome and sub- 
stantial buildings, both public and private. 
In his death Wausau lost a most valuable 
and public-spirited citizen, his wife a devoted 
husband, his children a kind and indulgent 
father, and his memory will long be cher- 

is engaged in the milling business in 
Amherst township. Portage county, 
was born in Stockholm, N. Y., Sep- 
tember 27, 1852. His great-grandfather, 
Nathan Morehouse, was a native of England, 
and in that country was educated for the 
ministry. On crossing the Atlantic to 
America he settled on the present site of the 
city of Manchester, N. H., and in the 
Granite State followed his chosen calling for 
a number of years. He was then called to 
the pastorate of the church in St. Albans, 
Vt., where he spent his remaining days, 
dying at a ripe old age. He was, undoubt- 
edly, one of the most noted preachers in 
that section of the country. His son Nathan 
was born in Manchester, N. H. , was reared 
on a farm and with his parents went to St. 
Albans, Vt., where he was married and 
lived for some time. He then took his 
family to Alburgh Springs, Vt., where he 
departed this life. There were thirteen 
children in his family, and the record which 
our subject has of them is as follows: Ira 
(father of Edward H.), the eldest; Mary 
A., the wife of William Martin of Ross 
Point, Vt. ; Skiharzy, who married Moses 
Bohannan of Alburgh Springs; William, 
who served during the late war and died 
soon after its close from disease contracted 
in Libby prison; Minerva, the wife of Finn 
Helecar, living at Hay Island, Vt. ; Morrill, 
who was killed in the war of the Rebellion; 
and five children who died in infancy. 

A native of Alburgh Springs, Vt., Ira 
Morehouse was reared in the usual manner 
of farmer lads, and in Shoreham, that State, 
wedded Mary McCue. Immediately there- 



after he removed to Stockholm, N. Y. , 
where he located upon a farm. Mrs. More- 
house was born in Ireland, and at the age 
of fourteen came with her two brothers to 
this country, landing in New York, where 
she made her home for four years. She 
then went to Shoreham, \'t., where she was 
employed as a domestic. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Morehouse were born five children: Nathan, 
who married Ada Batchan, and is living in 
Portage, Wis. ; Edward H. ; Brainard and 
Edna, deceased; and Edna, the second of 
that name, now Mrs. Prescott of Lebanon, 
New Hampshire. 

From early youth Edward H. More- 
house has been dependent on his own efforts, 
and may therefore truly be called a self-made 
man. He attended the schools of his native 
town until fourteen years of age, when he 
began learning the milling trade, serving a 
two-years' apprenticeship in Chautauqua, 
N. Y., and completing the business in 
Rochester, N. Y. Removing thence to 
Ashtabula, Ohio, he there worked at milling 
for three years, and subsequently spent a 
few years in the same business in Belleville, 
111. Returning east to Springfield, Mass., 
he was then employed for two years as head 
miller for John Bangs & Brother. 

In 1875, while in the East, Mr. More- 
house was married in Holyoke, Mass., to 
Miss Sarah Batchan, daughter of Eli and 
Minerva (Silver) Batchan of that place. 
Her father being dead, Mr. Morehouse is 
now looking after the estate of her mother. 
The young couple took up their residence in 
Springfield, where their home was blessed 
with one daughter — Edna, born May 20, 
1876. In the spring of 1877, with his little 
family, Mr. Morehouse removed to Minne- 
apolis, Minn., and after thirteen months 
went to Grand Rapids, Wis., where he was 
employed for a year in the mill of Coleman 
& Jackson. His next place of residence was 
in Plover, Wis., where he was employed in 
the mill of J. C. Harvey, and a year later 
he located in Amherst, obtaining the situa- 
tion of head miller with Jerome Nelson. 
That position he has filled continuously since 
in a most capable manner. He thoroughly 
understands his business in all its details, 
.and his excellent knowledge, combined with 

fine managerial ability, makes his work most 
satisfactorj' to his employer. 

In 1 89 1, Mr. Morehouse was called upon 
to mourn the loss of his wife, who died on 
the 3d of July. He was married March 
2, 1892, to Miss Jane Bangle, of Amherst, 
who was born at Stevens Point, Wis. , Sep- 
tember 23, 1848, and is a daughter of Philip 
and Polly fLong) Bangle, who were natives 
of Pennsylvania. In 1853, this family set- 
tled on a farm of 157 acres in Section 34, 
Amherst township. Portage county, becom- 
ing pioneers of this locality. The father is 
now deceased, but the mother is still living 
on the old homestead with her daughter, Me- 
lissa. She is noted throughout a wide e.xtent 
of territory for her most wonderful mem- 
ory. Her children were as follows: Melis- 
sa, at home; Stanton, deceased, who served 
in the Civil war; Charles, who was a soldier 
of the Union army and died during the war; 
Mrs. Morehouse; Ella, wife of Charles Grif- 
fiths, of Iowa, and Effie, wife of G. F. Hicks, 
of Clarksville, Iowa. 

Mr. Morehouse always votes the Repub- 
lican ticket, but has never been an office 
seeker. He is a man highly esteemed 
throughout the community, keeps himself 
well informed on all public questions, and is 
a pleasant and genial gentleman. In 1888, 
he visited the home of his childhood and his 
mother, who is now living with a daughter 
in Lebanon, N. H. The members of this 
family are cousins of the late Governor 
Morehouse of Missouri. 

pioneer, a patriot, a prominent and 
prosperous lumberman and farmer, 
and a popular politician and official, 
perhaps mark in rough outline the leading 
features of the life of Mr. Chandler. He 
hails from the State of New Hampshire, 
which has sent to the West so many of her 
favorite sons, having been born in Hanover, 
Grafton county, August 8, 1842. 

Samuels. Chandler, Sr.,fatherof our sub- 
ject, was born August 1 1, 1809, and was mar- 
ried to Sarah G. Colcord, who was born 
January 12, 1815, died February 20, 1872, 
at lola, Waupaca Co., Wis. Their chil- 

^-X. ^-^^-^^Z^^Cj^ 



•dren were as follows: D. Augustus, born 
April 24, 1834, died at lola. Wis., August 
5, 1865; Mary C. (Dewey), born May i, 
1836, lives in Chicago; Sarah F. (Osborn), 
born March 27, 1S38, died at lola, Wis., 
May 12, 1868; William Henry H., born 
April 5, 1840, died in the army June 25, 
1864. while serving in the Thirty-eighth 
Wis. V. I.; Samuel S., Jr., is the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Harriet J. (Dorr), 
born May 24, 1845, lives in Antigo, Wis.; 
and Martha F. (Levisee), born February 14, 
1848, lives in Clintonville, Wis. The father 
of this family is still hale and hearty, can 
read to some extent without the use of 
glasses, can shoot with rifle with any of the 
young men or boys, and can walk at least 
ten or fifteen miles per day. 

The subject proper of these lines when 
but four years of age came with his father 
to Racine, Wis. , three years later moving 
to Waupaca county, and consequently be- 
came familiar with the privations, as well as 
the pleasures, of pioneer life. From his 
earliest youth he has been very fond of 
hunting and other field sports, having been 
accustomed to handling a gun from the age 
of seven years, thereby becoming an e.xpert 
in its use. He hunted all the game in the 
county, and one fall, when but thirteen 
years old, killed seven deer and one bear; 
one year he killed as many as nineteen deer. 
He also hunted bear, a number of those 
animals falling victims to his gun, and he 
still enjoys an occasional autumn trip to the 
woods, when time permits, to camp and 
hunt. He received his education in the 
common schools, on the farm and in the 

He had just passed his twentieth birth- 
day when, August 12, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company G, Twenty-first Regiment Wis. 
V. I., which was attached to the army of 
the West, and served under Grant and 
Sherman in their memorable and resistless 
campaigns. He was erroneously reported 
wounded at the battle of Atlanta, and 
though frequently under fire his nearest ap- 
proach to injury was at Bentonville, in the 
afternoon being hit by a ball so hard that at 
first he thought his leg must be badly injured, 
.but on examination he found only a bruise 

on the knee, aud later in the day was struck 
by a spent ball. At Nolensville, during the 
battle of Murfreesboro, he was, while sick, 
taken prisoner by Wheeler's cavalry, but 
was subsequently paroled. Promoted to 
sergeant for gallant service, he carried the 
colors of his regiment on the march of 
Sherman from Atlanta to the sea. Partici- 
pating in the Grand I'ieview at Washington, 
in 1865, Sergt. Chandler returned with his 
regiment to Wisconsin, and was discharged 
at Milwaukee June 17, 1865. During the 
ensuing winter he attended school, then for 
some fifteen years followed farming in sum- 
mer and lumbering in winter in \\'isconsin. 
In November, 1868, Mr. Chandler was 
married to Ella E. McKenzie, a native of 
New York and daughter of John J. and 
Eunice (Baldwin) McKenzie, the former of 
whom, a cabinet maker by occupation, of 
Scotch descent b\- birth, migrated from 
Nova Scotia to Waupaca county. Wis., 
many years ago; the mother was a native 
of Batavia, N. Y. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. McKenzie were John M., PhcebeG., 
Ella E. , Adel, Julia and May. Both parents 
and Julia died in Waupaca. The next 
spring after his marriage Mr. Chandler pur- 
chased a farm in Iowa, which he tilled in 
summers, returning to the lumber regions of 
Wisconsin during the winters. From 1868- 
70 to the present time he has been quite 
extensivel}' interested in locating lands and 
estimating timber, following this employ- 
ment as well as farming and lumbering for 
about twenty years, and locating many 
thousand acres of land in Wisconsin, besides 
estimating some in Minnesota and Michigan 
during the past ten years. In 1873 he sold 
his Iowa farm and purchased his present 
home, consisting of 192 acres in Waupaca 
township, Waupaca Co., Wis., one and 
three-fourths miles from the business part 
of the city of Waupaca. He ranks among 
the leading and energetic farmers of his 
county, and justly prides himself upon his 
Red Poll cattle and fine buildings and prop- 
erty. An active and earnest Republican, he 
has been nominated for numerous local po- 
sitions of trust, and has found time to serve 
his township and county in a number of 
offices; he was chairman of his town for 



three years; after tilling the office of town- 
ship treasurer for three years and assessor 
for one year, he was, in 1892, elected regis- 
ter of deeds for the county, a position for 
which he was renominated by acclamation 
in 1894. Socially Mr. Chandler is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. R., and of the A. O. U. W. 
His family consists of two children — Arthur 
M. and Clarence C. 

REV. LOUIS THOM, the esteemed 
pastor of the Lutheran Church of 
Marshiield, Wood Co., is num- 
bered among Wisconsin's native 
sons, born in Watertown, February 19, 
1857. He comes of a family of German 
lineage, and his father, Carl Thorn, was 
born in Germany, in 18 18, and in that 
country married Friedericke Heise, the wed- 
ding taking place in 1849. Five years later 
they sailed for the New World, and in 
1 8 54 were numbered among the early settlers 
of Watertown, Wis., where the father sup- 
ported his wife and son, their only child, by 
working at the mason's trade. The mother 
died in December, 1893, but the father is 
still living and makes his home with the 
subject of this review. 

One of the most highly respected citi- 
zens of Marshfield is the present pastor of 
the Lutheran Church, whose consistent 
life and sterling worth commands the con- 
fidence and admiration of all. His early 
education was obtained in the public and 
private schools of his native city, which 
he attended until fourteen years of age, 
when he entered the Northwestern Uni- 
versity of Watertown, a school conducted 
under the auspices of the Lutheran Church. 
There he completed the full course of seven 
years, being graduated from that institution 
in 1878, after which he attended the 
Lutheran Theological Seminary of Milwau- 
kee, graduating from that school in Febru- 
ary, 1882. He had determined to devote 
his life to the work of saving others and 
was thus fitted for his ministerial labors. 
Mr. Thorn was first married in April, 
1882, the lady whom he wedded being 
Miss Rosa Weimer, who was born in La- 
Crosse, Wis., where she departed this life 

in July, 1885, leaving a daughter, Emma. 
Her parents, \'alentine and Caroline (Split- 
ter) Weimer. were both natives of Germany, 
and her father became one of the well- 
known business men of La Crosse. Both 
he and his wife are dead, but three of their 
children still survive them. Mr. Thorn was 
a second time married on the 25th of Jul)', 
1889, when Miss Ida Kemnitz of Fort How- 
ard, Wis., became his wife. She is a 
daughter of Theodore and Catherine (Simon) 
Kemnitz, who were born in Germany, 
crossing the Atlantic from that country to 
America. Her father, one of the most 
prominent business men of Fort Howard, 
is president of the furniture company of that 
city. Mrs. Thom is one of a family of 
nine children, as follows: Ottilie, Ida, Ferdi- 
nand, Adelaide, Theodore, Edniond, Louis 
and Kate. Three children were given Mr. 
and Mrs. Thom — Theodore, Elsie and Karl, 
the daughter dying in infancy. The lady has 
been a true companion to her husband, and 
of great assistance to him in his work. 

The first pastorate of Mr. Thom was at 
Eldorado, Fond du Lac Co., Wis., where 
he remained from 1882 until September, 
1885, when he accepted a call from the 
Lutheran Church in Marshfield, over which 
he has since presided with mutual benefit to 
the congregation and community. When 
he located here there was a membership of 
only twenty-five, but now 135 families are 
on the church roll. An elegant brick edi- 
fice has been erected, a fine parsonage has 
been built, and in connection with the church 
there is a parochial school of ninety stu- 
dents. In the pulpit Mr. Thom is an 
earnest, fluent and forcible speaker, and in 
pastoral work he is a genial, social man 
who wins friends by being one. Not only 
in his own congregation, but throughout the 
community is he held in the highest esteem, 
and the ministry of the Lutheran Church 
numbers him among its able members. 


June 26, 1843, in the town of Weisen- 
fels. Saxony, Germany, and is a son 
of John and Concordia (Gebler) Rue- 
diger. The father was born in the same town 



October 30, 1 807, the mother in the village 
of St. Michel, Saxony, February 24, 1805. 
The former was a nail manufacturer, as was 
his father before him. The latter was a na- 
tive of that locality and there spent his en- 
tire life, dying at the age of sixty-seven. 
His children were Frank, Charles, John and 
Theresa. The father of our subject died in 
the town of his nativit)' at the age of eighty- 
seven, and his wife at the age of seventy- 
eight. Their children were Ernest, Augusta, 
Henrietta and F. Albert. 

The last named acquired his education 
in the common schools, and when a mere boy 
sailed from Bremen, April 4, 1857, on the 
"Juverland," which after a stormy voyage 
of five weeks dropped anchor in the harbor 
of New York. A friend of his father, living 
in Greenbush, Wis. , had promised to leave 
money with a certain man in New York to 
pay Mr. Ruediger's fare to this State, but 
he learned that the money had not been de- 
posited as agreed upon. The gentleman 
with whom it was to be left then offered him 
a home until he could get word to his 
friends in Wisconsin, whom he wired and 
forthwith received the money. He reached 
Greenbush in due time, and spent two years 
in the employ of that gentleman, after which 
he began work as a farm hand in Oakfield, 

Mr. Ruediger enlisted November 26, 
1862, in Company I, Thirty-first Wis. V. I., 
and during nearly three years' service was 
never absent a day. The regiment reached 
Columbus, Ky. , March 3, 1863, where it did 
picket and provost duty and other service. 
Near Cairo, 111., the following fall, they went 
into camp, and on October 5 left Nash- 
ville, marching to La Vergne, Tenn. , where 
they did guard duty until the 25th, then 
marched to Murfreesboro, where the regiment 
went into winter quarters. On the 6th of 
June, 1 864, the regiment started to Nashville, 
where it was assigned to post command and 
did guard and provost duty until the 1 6th of 
July, when they went by rail to Marietta, 
Ga. , thence to Peach Tree Creek battle 
ground, where they joined the brigade on 
the evening of the 20th. Then came the 
attack on Atlanta, and for many days during 
the siege the company to which Mr. Ruediger 

belonged was constantly under fire. His 
division was assigned the important duty of 
guarding the railroad bridge across the 
Chattahoochie river, and the regiment was 
stationed within the fortifications of Atlanta, 
save when engaged in two foraging expe- 
ditions, until they started on the memorable 
March to the Sea. On the 9th of Decem- 
ber, the progress of the vast column was 
stopped near Savannah by the enemy whose 
guns swept the road, across which fallen 
trees had been placed, making that route 
impassable. A swamp lay on one side and 
through this the Thirty-first Wisconsin was 
ordered to march and dislodge the enemy, 
which it did, its flag being the first to wave 
over Fort Harrison. During the attack on 
Savannah, it also did valiant service. Near 
that city they were obliged to go into camp 
on account of impassable roads caused by 
heavy rains, but on the 28th of January re- 
sumed the march and in Carolina engaged 
in many skirmishes and battles. On the 1st 
of March, 1865, the Thirty-first Wisconsin 
formed part of the advance column in the 
attack on Chesterfield, at Averysboro it was 
in the front line, and at Bentonville, with 
two other regiments, it was thrown forward 
without any support. They were attacked 
in front and on both flanks, but after re- 
treating a quarter of a mile they reformed in 
battle line and three times repulsed the 
enemy. On the 4th of March, at Goldsboro, 
N. C. , the Thirty-first was provided with 
new uniforms and equipments; on the loth 
of April reached Raleigh, and were present 
at Johnston's surrender on th^ 26th of that 
month. Four days later they started on 
the homeward march, and on the 24th of 
May participated in the grand review in 
W'ashington, then going into camp three 
miles east of the city, where orders came to 
go to Louisville, Ky. They reached that 
place June 15, 1865, and there Mr. Ruediger 
was mustered out on the 8th of July. Three 
days later he reached Madison, Wis., and 
on the 20th was at his old home in Green- 

After his return from the service he 
worked on a farm and in a stave factory 
until September, when he determined to 
visit his parents and sailed from New York 


on the 2 1 St of December, 1865. He had 
worn his army coat, and in Liverpool was 
sneered at, but the milHonaire in his broad- 
cloth felt not prouder than he in his faded 
blue blouse. On the "Sea Swallow" he 
sailed for Hamburg, and three days after 
reaching that place arrived at home. He 
had not written of his corning, and deter- 
mined to surprise the family. They were 
all congregated in a room of the house, and 
a son-in-law, hearing a slight noise went out 
and found Mr. Ruediger, whom he took to 
be a burglar, dispatching his sister for a 
policeman. All this time our subject had 
not spoken, wishing to see if his mother 
would know him. At the approach of the 
officer she came out of the house, and not- 
withstanding the change in appearance recog- 
nized her son in an instant. His return was 
followed by general rejoicing in the family, 
and he continued in the Fatherland for seven 

In August, 1S73, Mr. Ruediger again 
came to America, and for si.x weeks was 
engaged in the fur trade, when his employer 
failed, and he then went to Del Norte, Colo., 
where he was employed as a clerk at $30 
per month. Six months later he began 
prospecting, and with a complete miner's 
outfit started on foot for Elizabethtown, 
N. M. At Costilla, that State, he hired a 
Mexican to take his outfit over the moun- 
tains, and, when within ten miles of his des- 
tination, one of his horses broke its leg and 
he had to continue on foot over an unknown 
road, deeply covered with snow. He was 
accompanied by another prospector, an'd 
one would have to sleep while the other 
watched, to keep the wolves and wild ani- 
mals away. Their food gave out, their money 
was gone, and, on reaching Elizabethtown, 
they could secure nothing to relieve their 
distressed condition. One day passed, and 
at noon of the next day, as Mr. Ruediger 
was crossing a bridge he found a little roll 
of money. Hastening to his hut he counted 
it and found the amount to be $8.30. He 
then secured some food, the first he had 
eaten in about three days. Just as he was 
ready to partake of the meal a stranger came 
up, begging for food, and the scant}- supply 
was shared. With his remaining money he 

purchased provisions, and accompanied by 
this stranger started for Del Norte. The 
Rio Grande was much swollen, and they had 
to travel twent}-five miles before they could 
cross. On reaching their destination, Mr. 
Ruediger secured a position as clerk, but, 
after a few months, with two companions 
started out prospecting, and, two days later, 
located a mine, which they at once began to 
work. Our subject secured a third interest, 
and four weeks later purchased another 
third. They called the mine Frederick 
William, and operated it until their money 
gave out, when Mr. Ruediger returned to 
Del Norte and worked for a few months as a 

While at Del Norte, he received a letter 
from parties in New York wishing him to 
look after their interests in Florida, and, 
leaving his mine in the care of his partner, 
he went to the Empire State, and thence to 
Florida, where for some time he was em- 
ployed by John McDonald at $25 per month 
and board. He then engaged to manage 
the Fletcher gro\e at $50 per month, and 
continued with that employer until 1878. 
His mother's death occurred about this time, 
and he was forced to return to the Father- 
land to look after his interests there, ^^'hen 
his affairs were arranged at home, he went 
to Leipsic, Germany, where he engaged in 
the manufacture of shades and window cur- 
tains until 1882, when he sold out and sailed 
from Hamburg to New York on the steamer 
"Fresna." He started at once for Mon- 
tana, but at Racine, Wis. , met an old war 
comrade, Charles Schilling, who persuaded 
him to remain there, and he procured work 
in the J. I. Case factory. After two years 
thus passed, he was employed in a hotel for 
several years, then went to Plainfield, Wis. , 
to visit friends, where for a year he engaged 
in the saloon business. Selling out, he spent 
two years in working at the painter's trade 
in Chicago. 

During his stay there, Mr. Ruediger 
became acquainted with Christina Shaffer, 
and they were married. She is a daughter 
of Maximillian and Katrina (Miller) Shaf- 
fer, and was born in Phillipsburg, Baden, 
Germany, in 1859, coming to America 
in 1882, on the vessel, "Rotterdam." 



She at once joined her brother in Chi- 
cago, and there worked as a domestic 
until her marriage. She belongs to the 
Catholic Church, and has become the mother 
of five children: Alma T. , Hetwily C, 
Augusta E., Arthur E. and Charles C. 

On his marriage, Mr. Ruediger purchased 
a farm of eighty-four acres in Section 35, 
Amherst township, Portage Co. , Wis. , and 
has since been successfully engaged in farm- 
ing, the greater part of his land being under 
a high state of cultivation. In religious be- 
lief he is a Lutheran, and in political affilia- 
tions is a strong Republican. He possesses 
a jovial, genial disposition, and can relate 
many interesting incidents concerning his 
eventful career. 

JAMES MORGAN, a representative 
hustling self-made man, and a repre- 
sentative citizen of Eagle River, Vilas 
count}', is a native of England, born, 
in 1847, in the county of Sussex. 

His father, also named James, and of 
the same nativity, married Sophia Carey, 
by whom he had ten children, three of 
whom died in infancy, the others being 
James, Mary, Peter, Alfred, Fannie, Car- 
oline and Elizabeth, all still living in Eng- 
land (as are also the parents) e.xcept James 
(our subject), and Mary, who is in Aus- 
tralia. Our subject received a liberal pub- 
lic-school education in his native country, 
where, later, he worked in a gunpowder 
factory. In 1869 he paid a visit to Amer- 
ica, and returning to England was married 
October 30, 1873, to Miss Anna Gander. 
The young couple soon afterward emigrat- 
ing to the United States and to Wisconsin, 
making their first New- World home in Me- 
nominee, Mich., to which locality Mr. Mor- 
gan had already paid a visit. Here they 
remained till 1877, in which year they 
moved to Clintonville, where they followed 
farming until 1S87. Mr. Morgan not mak- 
ing a success of this, sold out there and re- 
moved to Wittenberg, Shawano county, and 
established a grocery and bakery in which 
business he made a fair success during the 
four years he carried it on; but seeing 
better advantages at Eagle River, he sold 

out and removed thither, building his pres- 
ent fine store and bakery, where he con- 
ducts a lucrative business, keeping a large 
stock of goods, and discounting his own 
bills. Five children have been born to him- 
self and wife, named respectively: Louis, 
Emma L. , Alfred B., Perry L. and Arthur 
S., all at home. 

In politics Mr. Morgan was formerly a 
Republican, but has been a Democrat since 
1885. Socially he is a member of the F. 
& A. M., and treasurer of his Lodge. The 
family are members of the Congregational 


URRAY BROTHERS is the name 
of one of the leading farming firms 
of Ogdensburg, Waupaca county, 
the originators being John and 
George C. Murray, enterprising and success- 
ful farmers, and representatives of one of 
the leading families in Waupaca count}-. 

Their father, A. B. Murray, was born 
in New Brunswick, May 12, 1S34, and is a 
son of W'illiam and Elvira (Bunten) Murra}'. 
William Murray was born in County Down, 
Ireland, January 9, 181 1, was reared on a 
farm, and at the age of twenty-one emi- 
grated to New Brunswick, where the follow- 
ing year he was married to Miss Bunten, 
who was there born in 181 5. William 
Murray followed farming in New Brunswick, 
and there his children were born, namely: 
A. B. ; Asenath, wife of William Leach, of 
Oshkosh, Wis. ; Mary, wife of T. H. Far- 
row, of Oshkosh; Robert, of Little Kaukau- 
na. Brown Co., Wis. ; Martha, wife of G. H. 
Backstaff, of Oshkosh, ex-Senator from 
his district; John, of Oshkosh; Myra, w^ife of 
Samuel Chase, of Oshkosh; Charles, who 
died in New Brunswick, at about the age of 
seven years; and Elvira, who there died at 
about the age of seven months. The mother 
of this family died in July, 1853, and Mr. 
Murray later married Miss Martin, of New 
Brunswick, by whom he had the following 
children: Alice, who married a sea captain 
and lives in New Brunswick; Annie, on the 
old home farm; Florence a school teacher 
of Oshkosh; Clyde and William at home. 
The grandfather, William Murray, followed 


farming throughout his life and acquired a 
comfortable competence. He died in March, 
1889, and his widow is still living on the 
old home place in New Brunswick. 

A. B. Murraj' was reared on the farm, 
educated in the common schools, and Octo- 
ber I, 1855, left home for Oshkosh, Wis. 
He had saved the money to pay the e.xpenses 
of the trip, and on his arrival he engaged in 
lumbering, which he had previously followed 
in New Brunswick. On July 4, 1 861, he was 
married, at Ogdensburg, Wis., to Isabel 
Warren, who was born November 15, 1841, 
in Belfast, Me., a daughter of Mark and 
Abigail (Piper) Warren, who, in the fall of 
1859, came with their family to Wisconsin. 
The father was a farmer and settled in St. 
Lawrence township, Waupaca county. In 
the fall of 1855, A. B. Murray was in 
Ogdensburg en route for the lumbering 
regions, but did not make his home in this 
city until after his marriage. He then pur- 
chased eighty acres of land in Section 24, 
St. Lawrence township, of which only two 
acres were cleared. He built the first house 
upon the place, and gave his time to the 
cultivation of his land during the summer, 
and in the winter worked in the lumber 
woods from the fall of 1855 until the spring 
of 1873, with the exception of the winter of 

On October 23, 1S64, A. B. Murray en- 
listed at Oshkosh, in Company C, Forty- 
fourth Wis. \'. I., and with his company was | 
stationed at Nashville until March, 1865, 
when he went to Paducah, Ky., doing guard 
dut\' at both places. He was there mustered j 
out and was honorably discharged at Madi- 
son, Wis., August 28, 1865. He then re- ! 
sumed farm work, and added to his farm 
until at one time it comprised nearly three 
hundred acres in St. Lawrence and Union 
townships, but he has since divided with 
his children — John and George C. His wife ! 
died December 10, 1893, and was buried in 
Ogdensburg Park Cemetery. In April, 1891, 
Mr. Murray removed to Ogdensburg, where 
he has since lived retired. He is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and has served as super- 
visor and school director for several years. 
He is a charter member of Chester A. 
Arthur Post, and the present Senior Vice- 

Commander. A well known citizen, he is 
highl}' esteemed for his sterling worth, and 
and is the head of one of the most prosper- 
ous families of St. Lawrence township. 

John Murray, a member of the firm of 
Murray Brothers, was born on the farm in 
Section 24, St. Lawrence township, August 
10, 1862, and acquired his education in a 
block school house, where he pursued his 
studies until nineteen years of age, when he 
spent two terms in the northern Indiana 
Normal School at Valparaiso. He spent 
several winters working in the lumber 
woods, but continued to make his home 
with his parents until his marriage. He 
worked for nine winters in the woods, and 
ran the Little ^^'olf and tributary rivers for 
two seasons. April 2, 1885, at New Lon- 
don, Wis., he married Miss Emma Axtell, 
who was born in St. Lawrence township, 
Waupaca county, November 4, 1862, a 
daughter of William and Salina (Parks) Ax- 
tell. They now have three children: George 
Ray, Allen R. and Lina Belle. In his po- 
litical views, John Murray is a Republican, 
and takes quite an active interest in politic- 
al affairs. He has filled the office of super- 
visor, and for nine years was school treas- 
urer. He owns one hundred and sixty acres 
of land, and is one of the well-to-do farmers 
of St. Lawrence township. An intelligent 
and esteemed citizen, he is wide-awake and 
progressive, and has a host of warm friends. 

George C. Murray was born on the 
home farm March 22, 1864, and he also 
pursued his lessons in the old block school 
house, his first teacher being Miss Belle 
Richie. At the age of seventeen he went to 
the Normal School of Valparaiso, Ind., and 
by reading and observation he has made 
himself a well-informed man, and keeps 
thoroughly posted on the questions of the 
day. Working in the lumber woods through 
the winter season for nine years, he often 
had with him a team, and frequently made 
as high as $85 per month. For se\en sum- 
mers he ran on the Little \\'olf river, and 
led a busy and industrious life, laying the 
foundation for future success. He is now 
the owner of a valuable farm of two hun- 
dred acres in St. Lawrence township, and is 
the most extensive farmer of his age in that 


locality. Like the other members of the 
faniih', he keeps his land under a high state 
of cultivation, the place is well improved, 
and all is neat and thrifty in appearance. 

George C. Murray was married Septem- 
ber 23, 1885, at Ogdensburg, to Miss Kittie 
S. Livermore, who was born in Section 28, 
of the same township, July 23, 1866. She 
engaged in school teaching at the early age 
of fifteen, and followed that profession for 
four years. The young couple began their 
domestic life on the home farm, where the}- 
resided until in December, 1893, when they 
removed to Ogdensburg. Their home is 
blessed by the presence of three children: 
Francena Isabell, born June 5, 1886; Reid 
F. , born October 16, 1S87, and Myra A., 
born November 12, 1893. 

Supporting the men and measures of 
the Republican party, George Murray takes 
a deep interest in political affairs. He is 
a benevolent man, a friend of the poor and 
needy, and an advocate of all worthy inter- 
ests which are calculated to promote the 
general welfare. The members of the 
Murray family are all highly respected citi- 
zens, and the sons, with their excellent 
business ability and capable management, 
will no doubt some day become very wealthy 

OLAUS O. FOXEN, a representative 
farmer of New Hope township. Port- 
age county, was born in Albion, Dane 
county, Wis., January 24, 1859, and 
is a son of Ole K. and Sigred Jacobson, who 
were natives of Norway. They were mar- 
ried in that countr\', and soon after, in the 
spring of 1 849, sailed from Drammen to New 
York, whence they came direct to Dane 
county. Wis. There he purchased forty 
acres of wild land, which he cleared, build- 
ing a home thereon, and making it his place 
of residence until June, 1861, when with his 
family, he removed to New Hope township. 
Portage county. Here he bought eighty 
acres of wild land, and erected a part of the 
dwelling which is now the home of Olaus 
O. Foxen, making it his place of abode until 
his death, which occurred March 29, 1877. 
His wife, who was born Januar\- 6, 1818, is 

now living with our subject. Of the chil- 
dren born to Ole K. and Sigred Jacobson, 
Jacob O., born September 14, 1851, is a 
banker at Amherst, Wis., married Mary 
Ann Jensen, by whom he has a daughter, 
Mabel; Cornelius O., born February 18, 1853, 
is a farmer in the Red River Valley, N. D., 
married Lena Selmer, and their children are 
Emma, Ella, Ada and Oscar; Christina S., 
born November 18, 1854, married M. D. 
Sitzer, a farmer at Stockton, and their chil- 
dren are John, Webster, Lillie, Lewis, Myr- 
tle and Carrie W. ; Ann E., born February 
18, 1857, is the wife of F. O. Sitzer, a 
farmer of North Dakota, and their children 
are Nellie, Hiram and Dottie; Olaus O. ; 
Sigvert T., born March 7, 1S61, married 
Elvina M. Jensen, and with their children, 
Minerva, Edna and Belva, reside in Amherst, 

Our subject was educated in the district 
schools near his home, was reared on the 
farm and has followed agricultural pursuits 
throughout his life. On his father's death 
he succeeded to the ownership of the home 
farm, and today he is one of the most in- 
telligent and scientific farmers of the county, 
owning a place whose neat and thrifty ap- 
pearance well indicates his careful supervi- 
sion. The fields are well tilled, and the im- 
provements are such as are found upon a 
model farm of the 19th century. 

Mr. Foxen was married in New Hope, 
Wis., June 29, 1882, by Rev. N. B. Berg, 
to Sina Rebecca Melun, who was born in 
New Hope, April 2, 1859, a daughter of 
Thory A. Melun, deceased. His children 
were: Lena, wife of O. Wrolstad, of Scan- 
dinavia, Wis. ; Simon, who wedded Carrie 
Olstad; Nettie, the wife of John Oleson, of 
New Hope, Wis. ; Thea, the wife of Charles 
Oleson, of Clark county. Wis. ; and Olaf, 
who wedded Ida Oleson, and resides in New 
Hope. The following children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Foxen: Oscar R., born March 
17, 1883; Theodore J., born June 20, 1884; 
Henry S., born January 3, 1886; Stella M., 
born August 18, 1887; Nora, born Septem- 
ber 16, 1889; Elma, born February 13, 
1892; and Alice, born November 26, 1893. 
Mr. Foxen is now serving as clerk of the 
school board, having acceptably and credit- 


ably filled that office for many years. He is 
a stanch Republican in politics, and warmly 
advocates the principles of his party. He 
and his wife are members of the United Nor- 
wegian Church of New Hope, and he is a 
popular and honored citizen, whose upright 
life commands the respect of all. 

LEONARD B. RABAT is success- 
fully engaged in the manufacture of 
cigars in Tomahawk, Lincoln county, 
and is one of the leading citizens, a 
well-educated man, an interesting conver- 
sationalist, and one who has many friends 
in the community who esteem him highly 
for his genuine worth. The record of his 
life follows: 

Mr. Rabat was born in the city of 
Genasen, Province of Posen, Germany, 
February i, 1852. His father, Michael 
Rabat, was also born in that place, and there 
married Henrietta Jones, by whom he had 
six children, namely: Michael, Leopolt, 
Julia, Amelia, Leonard and Matilda. In 
1854 he brought his family to America, 
going to Detroit, Mich., and within a 
few days after their arrival the father was 
killed. The mother then removed with the 
family to \Vatertown, Wis., and subse- 
quentl}- married Matthew Hauer. She is 
still living and by her second marriage had 
five children — Abelt, Theodore, Ferdinand, 
Rose and Henry. 

Leonard Rabat came with his parents 
to America, and remained at home until 
thirteen years of age. He was then appren- 
ticed to a shoemaker, but after six months 
his health failed and he was obliged to give 
up that undertaking. He was next ap- 
prenticed to Wiginhorn Brothers, cigar 
makers, with whom he served for eighteen 
months, and at the age of fifteen years he 
went to La Crosse, Wis., where for two 
years and a half he followed his trade. He 
spent three months in St. Paul, Minn., then 
going to the East remained for a similar 
period in Buffalo, N. Y. , and for six months 
in Westfield, Mass. During the next seven- 
teen years he led a roving life, going from 
place to place. He is an expert cigar 
maker, and worked at his trade in every 

State east of the Mississippi, besides going 
to England in the spring of 1874, where he 
remained for four months. 

In August. 1882, Mr. Rabat was united 
in marriage with Minnie G. Weller, who 
was born in Peoria, 111. They now have 
two children — Leona M. and Aneta M. In 
1887 the husband went to Minneapolis, 
where a year later he was joined by his 
family, and in that city he engaged in the 
manufacture of cigars for the firm of 
Winckey & Doerr, wholesale dealers, who 
employed eight men. He continued in their 
service six years, or until 1892, the year of 
his arrival in Tomahawk, where he built a 
residence and at once began the manufac- 
ture of cigars. He sells his goods in the 
surrounding towns, and the excellent qual- 
ity insures a liberal patronage. He is an 
enterprising and industrious man, and what- 
ever success he has achieved in life is en- 
tirely the result of his own well-directed 

In politics Mr. Rabat was formerly a 
Republican and later became a Populist, 
but, in the spring of 1895, was elected on 
the Democratic ticket as alderman from the 
Third ward. In the fall of 1894 he was 
nominated by the Populists for the position 
of Representative, and made a thorough 
canvass of his district, declaring his p.^in- 
ciples and receiving a handsome support 
from many who were members of the old 
parties. He is a man well informed on all 
general subjects. His educational privi- 
leges were very meagre, but after he had at- 
tained the age of seventeen he realized how 
necessary is knowledge to a successful life, 
and began to read and study until he is now 
one of the most intelligent and best posted 
citizens of this localitj'. He has been es- 
pecially interested in the study of astronomy, 
and in 1881 purchased a good telescope in 
order that he might further pursue hi.>^ in- 

ES. MIX, a farmer and prominent 
citizen of Lind township, Waupaca 
county, was born in the village of 
Waterford, Laporte Co., Ind., No- 
vember 13, 1849, arid is a son of Dr. Miles 



Mix, who was born in the southwestern por- 
tion of New York, toward the vicinity of 
Erie, Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Mix, who is a graduate of Racine 
College, Wis., married Louisa \\'heeler at 
Laporte, Ind., by whom he had the follow- 
ing children: E. S., the eldest, of whom 
this sketch treats; Jane, now Mrs. Almon 
Otterburn, of North Dakota; Sarah, who 
married Amos Skillings, and died at Berlin, 
Wis., in the spring of 1884; Caroline, now 
Mrs. Clark Page, of the town of Berlin; 
Miles, Jr., a farmer of Green Lake county. 
Wis. ; Horace, of Richland county, N. Dak. ; 
and Wheeler, of Green Lake county. Wis. 
About 1850, Dr. and Mrs. Mix came to the 
vicinity of Delhi, Wis., in the Fox River 
Valley, and were among the pioneers of that 
locality, the Doctor being then a man of but 
limited means. They lived near Delhi only 
a short time, and then removed to Berlin, 
where he practiced medicine, and where he 
yet lives at the age of seventy-six. His wife 
was born in Vermont, was a member of the 
Baptist Church, and died in March, 1877. 
Dr. Mix is also a member of the Baptist 
Church. He has never been a politician, 
but has confined himself to his practice. 
He was a \\'hig, later a Republican, and is 
now a Prohibitionist. 

E. S. Mix attended the common schools, 
and then the high school at Berlin, and re- 
mained at home the greater part of the time 
until nineteen years of age. Previous to this 
he had worked eighteen months in a drug 
store, his father conducting a drug store at 
Brandon, Fond du Lac county, and a branch 
store at Berlin. Failing hcElth induced him 
to give up this work, and, as his father had 
a farm near Berlin, Mr. Mix began work on 
it, and there remained employed until the 
spring of 1884. 

On September 28, 1S72, in Lind town- 
ship, Waupaca county, Mr. Mix was united 
in marriage with Miss Martha Gardner, who 
was born in the town of New Lyme, Ashta- 
bula Co., Ohio, April 3, 1850; and they 
have had the following children: George R., 
who died in infancy; Nellie E., now a dress- 
maker in Berlin; Sarah L. , who died at the 
age of sixteen; Mary E., who died in 1884; 
Winfield L. , now at home; Mabeth, who 

died in infancy; Edna V., at home; Carrie 
J. , at home, and her twin brother, Joseph C. , 

The parents of Mrs. Mix, Alonzo and 
Sarah A. (Pope) Gardner, came to Wiscon- 
sin, and located in Section 20, Lind town- 
ship, Waupaca county, when Mrs. Mix was 
but a child, coming by boat to Gill's Land- 
ing, and then by team to Lind township, 
and made the first improvements on the 
place. At this time there was plenty of 
game, deer, bears, etc., in that locality. 
Mr. Gardner engaged in the manufacture of 
shingles, finding a market in Berlin. Their 
children were: Llewellyn, now deceased; 
Winfield, who was a soldier in the Fourth 
Wisconsin; Ida E., deceased; Sarah, living 
in the town of Dayton, Waupaca Co., 
Wis.; Hattie, deceased; Martha; Ruth, de- 
ceased; and Ada, living at Cable, Wis. 
The father, Alonzo Gardner, was born 
in Buffalo, N. Y. , November 6, 18 10, and 
in early life was a sailor. He built the 
house in which our subject now resides. 
Mr. Gardner died February 26, 1891, at the 
age of eighty-four years, and was buried in 
Lind township. He was a member of the 
Wesley an Methodist Church (as is his widow), 
was a Republican in politics, and later a 
Prohibitionist. Mrs. Gardner was born in 
Vermont, July 31, 18 17, is a member of the 
\^■esleyan Methodist Church, and since her 
husband's death has been living with her 
son-in-law. Air. Mix. 

After his marriage Mr. Mix went to house- 
keeping on a farm which his father had, 
near Berlin, and lived there till the spring of 
1884, as noted in a preceding paragraph. 
Leaving there in March, he came to Lind 
township, and has since resided here, in 
Section 20, engaged in farming, and for five, 
years worked at threshing. In his political 
affiliations he was formerly a Republican, 
but is now a Prohibitionist. He has served 
as pathmaster, and was for three years 
treasurer of the township. In the spring of 
1890 he was elected chairman of the town- 
ship, and re-elected in 1894. He did not 
announce himself, but the office was ten- 
dered to him, as was the office of treasurer, 
which he was urged to accept. He is one 
of the political leaders of Lind township. 



and that he is popular is shown by the fact 
that he supplanted an old citizen of the 
township as chairman, without even asking 
for the office. He is a well-known and 
prosperous man, and both he and his wife 
are members of the Wesleyan Methodist 

WE. S. JONES. No man in Wau- 
paca county is probably more 
worthy of representation in this 
work than the gentleman whose 
name introduces this record. He has been 
identified with the agricultural interests of 
this county from an early day, and now 
makes his home on his fine farm of one hun- 
dred and fifteen acres in Section 19, Helve- 
tia township. The place is one of the best 
farms in this section of the country, and in- 
dicates in its appointments the supervision of 
a man of intelligence and sound judgment. 
Mr. Jones was born at Trenton, Oneida 
Co., N. Y. , in September, 1832, and is a 
son of Robert and Sophia (Evans) Jones, 
the former also a native of Oneida county, 
N. Y. , where his death occurred when his 
son was quite young. In the family were 
six children, two sons and four daughters. 
At the age of seventeen years, our subject 
removed to Granville, Licking Co., Ohio. 
His mother died in Wisconsin, at the home 
of her daughter in Portage county, when past 
the age of sixty years. While in Licking 
county Mr. Jones was in the employ of Sals- 
bury & Pond, driving a team for which he 
received $8 per month. He hauled whiskey 
and pork barrels, provisions, rakes, cradles, 
etc., to the surrounding towns before the 
railroads had been completed. He there re- 
mained three years and a half when he was 
joined by his brother John, who was more 
than two years his junior, and they emi- 
grated to Coles county. 111., driving the en- 
tire distance. Our subject there secured 
work on a farm, where he spent one sum- 
mer, when he went to Oshkosh, Wis., but 
as he failed to find work in that city, he 
hired with C. J. Lewis, of Fond du Lac, to 
repair a sawmill at Shawano, Wis., whence 
he went by boat to New London, and then 
hy an Indian trail the remainder of the dis- 

tance. No wagon roads led through the 
countrj', and there were only three houses 
between New London and Shawano. At the 
latter place he remained a few months, when 
he returned to Illinois for a short time, but 
later came to Weyauwega, Waupaca count)-, 
where he was employed for a time as a 
cooper. On leaving that city he removed to 
lola, the same count}', where he worked at 
the carpenter's trade. 

At Weyauwega, Mr. Jones had bought a 
lot and erected on it a small house, to which 
he took his bride. He was married in that 
city to Morilla Hunt, a native of New York, 
and to them a daughter was born — May, 
now Mrs. Eugene Brazelton, of Hortonville, 
Wis. The mother died after the removal 
to lola. On October 6, i860, at that 
place, Mr. Jones wedded Miss Minerva 
Hopkins, who was born in New Milford, 
Pa., December 7, 1843, and is a daughter 
of William and Salom (Adams) Hopkins, 
the former a native of Rhode Island and 
the latter of Connecticut. Her parents later 
removed to Illinois, where her father died, 
after which her mother became the wife of 
Anthony Stearns, who came to lola about 
1857. Mrs. Jones received an excellent 
education, having attended the high school 
of Amboj-, 111., after which she taught for 
five terms, receiving $6 per month and 
boarding around among the scholars. She 
was engaged in teaching for three terms in 
District No. 2, lola township, ^^'aupaca 
county. By her marriage she has become 
the mother of five children — Josephus B., a 
farmer of lola township; Edith C, who 
became the wife of Halver Amberson and 
died in Stetsonville, \\'is. ; Effie, at home; 
Martha, a school teacher; and Lucy, at 

In December, 1863, our subject became 
a member of Company K, Tenth Wis. \'. I., 
under Captain Roby, who was then com- 
mander of the regiment, which had been 
terribly slaughtered, having only thirty-five 
men at the time of Mr. Jones' enlistment at 
Fond du Lac, Wis. They then went to 
Madison and were put in charge of three 
hundred conscripts, after which they pro- 
ceeded to Chattanooga. The first engage- 
ment in which Mr. Jones participated was 


at Buzzard's Roost. In the spring of 1S64, 
he was taken ill and sent to the hospital at 
Nashville, where he recovered conscious- 
ness. The authorities wished to send him 
home, to which he objected, and he did 
patrol and picket duty at Murfreesboro until 
the fall of 1864, when he rejoined his regi- 
ment at Marietta, Ga., which only had a 
few members remaining, and was later con- 
solidated with the Twenty-first Wis. V. I. 
At Savannah he was detailed to go to the first 
division hospital of the 14th Army Corps as 
carpenter, which trade he followed during 
the remainder of the campaign. After 
participating in the Grand Review at \\'ash- 
ington, D. C. , he proceeded to Louisville, 
Ky., where he was discharged August 14, 
1865, from the Third Wis. V. I., to which 
he had been transferred. He sustained his 
worst injuries on the forced march to Rich- 
mond, Va., after the conflict had closed. 

Soon after his second marriage our sub- 
ject had removed to a tract of unimproved 
land in Section iS, Helvetia township, and 
their home consisted of a little shanty twelve 
feet square. They had to set one bureau 
on top of another in order to have any 
room in their small house, but in the fall of 
1863 the}' removed to the village of lola, 
where Mr. Jones returned at the close of 
the war. During his absence his wife was 
left in a destitute condition; cut off from 
all communications with her husband, she 
was compelled to work at various kinds of 
labor, such as a man would usually do in 
order to support the family. She deserves 
great credit for her labors, and it was often 
the woman who remained at home who suf- 
fered most during that great struggle. For 
two years Mr. Jones endeavored to work at 
his trade of carpentering in lola, but on ^jb- 
count of his injuries was forced to give it 
up. He then removed to Section 19, Hel- 
vetia township, where he purchased seventy- 
five acres of land from Joseph Keajnng, and 
has since made that place his home, though 
he has added to his original tract until he 
now has one hundred and fifteen acres. All 
the buildings upon the place stand as monu- 
ments to his thrift and enterprise, having 
been erected since his residence there. Mr. 
Jones has ever been a patriotic and loyal 

citizen, serving his country faithfull}- in days 
of peace as well as on southern battlefields, 
where he was one of the boys in blue and so 
valiantly aided in the defense of the stars 
and stripes. As an honest man and worthy 
citizen he deserves the respect and esteem 
in which he is held by his fellow citizens. 
In politics he is a Republican, intelligently 
supporting his party bj- voice and vote, and 
before the war was ever a stanch Abolition- 
ist. For a few years he has been supervisor 
of his township, and has held a number of 
offices in the school district. 

S TILLMAN H. SAWYER is not only 
one of the best-known citizens of 
Belmont township, but also has a 
wide acquaintance throughout Port- 
age county, and is held in high esteem by a 
large circle of friends. A native of Maine, 
he was born in Gardiner, Columbia county, 
on the Kennebec river, November 2, 18 19, 
and is a son of James and Octavie (Libby) 
Sawyer. The father was a farmer, and died 
when Stillman was only twelve years of age, 
leaving a large family, of which our subject 
was the seventh child and third sen. He 
attended the common schools of his native 
count}', and remained upon the home farm 
until fifteen years of age, when he went 
to live with a brother-in-law in Bangor, 
Maine, there continuing his studies. He 
also learned saddlery and trunk making, and 
was employed along that line as a journey- 
man for some time. 

In the fall of 1845, at Bangor, Mr. 
Sawyer married Lucy Fogg, who was born 
in that city, in 1826, daughter of Greenleaf 
Fogg, a commission merchant in the lumber 
business. Soon after their marriage the}' 
removed to Ellsworth, Hancock Co., Maine, 
where Mr. Sawyer opened a shop. There 
his wife died in the fall of 1851, leaving 
four children: Georgiana, now Mrs. Royal 
M. Jones, of Wausau, Wis. ; Edla, wife of 
George W. Rogers, of Winchester, Winne- 
bago Co., Wis.; Charles M., who is living 
in Rochester, Minn. ; and Frederick, of New 
Bedford, Massachusetts. 

In the spring of 1852, Mr. Sawyer left 
three of his children with a sister, and his 



son Fred was adopted by a farmer, and 
went to California, around Cape Horn, on 
the brig, " Page," that was built for passenger 
service between New York and New Orleans. 
On the vo}-age they encountered "head 
winds," but after six months and six days 
landed at San Francisco. Our subject had 
intended working at his trade, but could 
find nothing to do there, so went to Stock- 
ton, Cal., thence to the mines in Tuolumne 
county, and along the river of that 
name. He began mining with some of the 
party which came with him from Maine, 
but signally failed in that work. He then 
hired as a cook in a restaurant at $8o per 
month, and, though he had had no previous 
experience in that line, succeeded. Later he 
was engaged in prospecting near Sonora, 
Cal., and in carrying on a shop at that 
place until his return to the East in 
August, 1855. He made the journey by 
the way of the Panama and Aspinwall 
route, going on the vessel, "Golden Gate," 
to the latter place and thence on the ship, 
" George Law," to New York, reaching Ban- 
gor in September. 

Deciding to try his fortune in Wisconsin, 
Mr. Sawyer went by rail to Chicago, by 
boat to Sheboygan, then drove across the 
country to Fond du Lac, by boat to Gill's 
Landing, by team to Waupaca, and on to 
Portage county, where he purchased, in 
Section 11, Belmont township, a tract of 
land. He afterward bought eighty acres 
in Section 12, his present farm. He then 
returned to Bangor, Maine, and wedded 
Mary M. Fogg, a sister of his first wife, 
and brought her and his children to the new 
home. Here the family circle was increased 
by the birth of the following children: Her- 
bert A., of Stevens Point, Wis.; Clarence 
A., a carpenter; D. W. , of Belmont town- 
ship; Luella, wife of William Morey, of 
Belmont, Wis.; and Irvin, who follows 
carpentering. Mrs. Sawyer died in 1S89, 
and was buried in Belmont township. She 
held membership with the Methodist Church, 
and was a most estimable lady, whose loss 
awakened deep regret throughout the com- 
munit}-. Mr. Sawyer gave the land on 
which to build the Methodist Church of East 
Belmont township. He has at different 

times been an extensive land owner, and 
now has a valuable tract of 240 acres. 

The political views of our subject are in 
harmony with Republican principles. At a 
meeting held in Lanark township for the 
purpose of organizing Belmont township, 
he was chosen as the first clerk of the town- 
ship, and as such served several years. In 
January, 1867, he became register of deeds 
of Portage county, and served for two terms 
of two years each. In 1871 he was ap- 
pointed deputy county treasurer, and served 
until elected to the office of treasurer in the 
fall of 1880, after which he was twice re- 
elected, acceptably filling the position for 
six j-ears. His frequent re-election was the 
highest testimonial of his fidelity to duty 
that could be given, and it also manifested his 
personal popularity and the confidence re- 
posed in him. 

Mr. Sawyer went to the defense of the 
Union, December 10, 1861, enlisting at 
Plover. He served as recruiting sergeant 
of Company E, Eighteenth \\'is. V. I., and 
after the company was organized for duty 
in Milwaukee, it went to St. Louis, March 
29, 1862, thence down the river to Pitts- 
burg Landing, and participated in that bat- 
tle which was its first engagement. After 
the battle he was the highest in rank left in 
the company, and commanded it until the 
4th of July. He participated in a number 
of important engagements prior to Novem- 
ber. 1863, when he was sent back to ^^'is- 
consin as recruiting sergeant. In April, 
1864, he went to Madison, then joined his 
regiment at Huntsville, Ala., continuing 
with it until October, 1864, when he was 
taken prisoner with three companies who 
were captured by the rebels when guarding 
a bridge a mile south of Altoona Pass. He 
was sent to Milan, Ga.. and after a captivity 
of forty days was taken to Savannah, where 
he was exchanged in November. 1864. He 
was then in the hospital at Annapolis, Md , 
until December i, when he was granted a 
thirty-days' furlough and returned home. 
On the 22d of January, 1865, he was honor- 
abh- discharged at Milwaukee. He has long 
been recognized as one of the leading and 
influential citizens of the community in 
which he now makes his home, and in his 



declining years he is quietly living a retired 
life on the old homestead, surrounded by 
many warm friends and acquaintances. 

ERNST MAAS was born in Prussia, 
Germany, July 11, 1841, and is a 
son of John and Charlotte (Silbers- 
dorf) Maas. The father was an 
architect and followed that business for fifty 
years. In 185 1, accompanied by his famil)', 
he sailed for America, landing at New York, 
and settled near Lockport in the Empire 
State, where they lived for three and a half 
years, during which time the father was en- 
gaged in da}' labor. He then started West, 
traveling by boat to Sheboygan, Wis., by 
wagon to Fond du Lac, by boat to Menasha 
and by team to New London. In that 
locality he purchased 200 acres of wild land. 
Two of his sons had previously come to this 
State and located the farm; also erected a 
log cabin. The work of clearing was at 
once begun, and was accomplished mostly 
with axe and grub hoe. Mr. Maas continued 
farming throughout his remaining days, and 
his land became a valuable, productive tract. 
His death occurred at the age of eighty- 
eight, and his wife passed away at the age 
of seventy-two. Nine children were born 
to John and Charlotte (Silbersdorf) Maas, 
namely : Frederick, Charles, Christian, 
Caroline, William, Henrietta, Wilhelmine, 
Ernst and Franz. Five of the number are 

Amid the wild scenes of the frontier 
Ernst Maas was reared and educated, and 
an important event in his life was his enlist- 
ment in the Union army January i, 1862, 
as a member of Company I, Twelfth Wis- 
consin Battery, which was mustered into 
service at Milwaukee, and sent thence to 
Jefferson Barracks. He participated in the 
battles of Island No. 10 and Fort Pillow, and 
reached Shiloh after the engagement. Be- 
ing taken ill he was confined in the hospital 
at Jefferson Barracks for about three months, 
and was discharged on account of disability 
June 22, 1862. He returned to his home, 
but as soon as he had recovered, he re- 
enlisted on March i8th, 1864, in Company 
I, Seventeenth Regiment, Wis. V. I., and, 

after being mustered in at Green Bay, Wis. , 
was sent to Madison, and thence to Cairo, 
111., where the Seventeenth Corps was re- 
organized. With that command he went to 
Huntsville, then to Big Shanty, to Marietta 
and to Atlanta, and after a three-weeks' ill- 
ness again joined his regiment at Atlanta, 
and went with Sherman on the celebrated 
March to the Sea. The army then went to 
Beaufort, N. C, to Columbia, S. C. , to 
Goldsboro and to Raleigh, N. C, to Fred- 
ericksburg, to Richmond and to Petersburg, 
Va., and participated in the grand review 
in Washington. Mr. Maas then went with 
his command to Madison, where he was 
honorably discharged July 14, 1865, and 
returned at once to New London, Wis- 

A short time after his return Mr. Maas 
married Miss Amanda Kittner, daughter of 
Ferdinand and Caroline (Schultz) Kittner, 
who were of German lineage and came to 
Wisconsin in 1859. Her mother is now 
living with her children in Illinois, but her 
father died in 1872. Ten children graced 
the union of our subject and his estimable 
wife: Albert, Anna, Minnie, Ida, William, 
Amos, Martha, Benjamin, Ollie and Louie. 

On his marriage Mr. Maas purchased a 
farm, but soon sold it and removed to Bo- 
vina, Outagamie county. Wis., where he 
again bought land and immediately began 
its cultivation. He continued its improve- 
ment until 1875, when he sold out and re- 
moved to Dupont township, W'aupaca coun- 
ty, purchasing 120 acres of land in Sections 
28 and 29. He could not drive to his farm, 
as no road had been cut, and, leaving his 
team with H. H. Quimby, he proceeded to 
it, a distance of three and a half miles, on 
foot. He built a log cabin 16 x 22 feet, and 
in that primitive home the family lived until 
1888, when it was replaced by their present 
frame residence. Today seventy acres of 
the farm is under cultivation, and many 
good improvements upon the place stand as 
monuments to his thrift and enterprise. 
Mr. Maas has led a busy and useful life, and 
IS now the possessor of a comfortable com- 
petency in reward for his labors. The Re- 
publican party finds in him a stalwart advo- 
cate, and the Grand Army Post of Clinton- 



ville, Wis., numbers him among its leading 
and influential members. Himself and wife 
are members of the Seventh Day Adventist 

superintendent of the Water-works 
Department at Wausau, and one of 
the most active and enterprising 
young business men of that city, was born 
in Piaintield, Waushara county, March 22, 
1858, son of Charles H. and Louisa A. 
(Tabor) Gearhart, now residents of Chelsea, 
Taylor Co., Wis., where the father is en- 
gaged in the lumber and hotel businesses. 

Charles H. Gearhart is a native of Liv- 
ingston county, N. Y. , but his father and 
grandfather were both born in Pennsylvania. 
Louisa, wife of Charles H., was also born in 
Livingston county, N. Y. Her grandpar- 
ents were natives of Maine, and were rela- 
tives of the noted Rev. Dr. Vinton. To 
Charles H. and Louisa Gearhart six sons 
were born, as follows: Dennis, deceased at 
the age of twenty-one years; Frank, who 
died in infancy; George L. , a Wisconsin 
Central railroad engineer, killed in a train 
collision at Marshfield, May 29, 1894; Al- 
bertus A., of Chelsea, proprietor of a saw- 
mill; Alfred Vinton; and Nathaniel O. , a 
conductor on the Northern Division, Wiscon- 
sin Central railroad. The father served for 
three years during the Rebellion in the Si.\- 
teenth \\'isconsin Battery of Artillery, and 
while in service contracted disabilities which 
have since unfitted him for active life. 

Alfred V. Gearhart was reared on his 
father's farm in Almond township. Portage 
county, until he had reached the age of 
twelve years. He then returned to Plain- 
field with his parents, who for several years 
conducted a hotel at that village, and in 
1874 removed to Chelsea, Taylor Co., Wis. 
Alfred was educated in the public schools of 
Portage, Waushara and Taylor counties. In 
1878, at the age of twenty years, he was 
appointed station agent of the Wisconsin 
Central railroad at Auburndale. He was 
thence transferred to Ledgeville, Brown 
county. A year later he entered the train- 
dispatcher's office at Milwaukee, where he 

remained a year. Mr. Gearhart was then 
appointed assistant dispatcher at Stevens 
Point. He was thence transferred to station 
work at Colby, ^^'estboro and Junction City, 
respectively, and in [881 he accepted a posi- 
tion as assistant station agent at Wausau, 
for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul rail- 
road, and for the Milwaukee, Lake Shore & 
Western road. Two years later he was ap- 
pointed manager for the Western Union 
Telegraph Company in Wausau, and he 
filled that position eleven years. He re- 
signed to accept the superintendency of the 
Water-works Department, a position he now 

On December 31, 1884, Mr. Gearhart 
was married to Miss Ada I. Barnum, daugh- 
ter of Mark H. and Phoebe Barnum. Mr. 
Barnum is editor of the Torch of Liberty. 
Two children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Gearhart, Louise and Marcus Vinton. 
Mr. Gearhart is senior warden of Forest 
Lodge No. 1 30, F. & A. M. He is a mem- 
ber of Wausau Chapter No. 5 i , and of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
The family attend the Universalist Church, 
and in politics Mr. Gearhart is a Repub- 

HUGHES.pastorof the Presbyterian 
Church at Merrill, Lincoln county, 
was born September 11, 1844, at 
Cape May, N. J., where, in 1689, Humph- 
rey Hughes, the first of the family to come 
from Wales, made a settlement — indeed 
four brothers came to America at the same 
time, Humphrey being one of them. 

Jacob Hughes (a farmer), great-grand- 
father of our subject, was born in 1 7 1 1 , and 
died in 1773; married Priscilla Hughes, 
who was born in 17 10, and died in 1758. 
Jacob Hughes, grandfather of our subject, 
was born Aug. 9, 1746, and died March 20, 
1796; married Ann Lawrence, who was 
born in August, 1753, daughter of Rev. 
Daniel Lawrence, and after the death of 
Jacob Hughes she married Jeremiah Ed- 
wards; she died November 27, 1817. James 
R. Hughes, her youngest son by her first 
husband, was born in Cape May county. 



N. J., in 1 791, and was married January 9, 
1815, to Eliza Eldridge, who was born at 
Cold Springs, N. J., July 6, 1791. Twelve 
children were born to this union, named re- 
spectively: Ann L. , Jeremiah E., Dan- 
iel L. , Joseph L. , William G., Harriet N., 
James P., Hannah E., Mary B., Emma 
M., Amelia F. and Jacob Van Rensselaer. 
Three of the sons — Daniel L. , James P. 
and Jacob Van R. — are ministers of the 
Gospel; and three of the daughters are 
married to ministers, to wit: Harriet N., 
to Rev. C. M. Oakley; EmmaM., to Rev. 
John S. Roberts, who has been a missionary 
to China for the past ten years; and Amelia 
F., to Rev. John Kershaw, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y. The father, though devoting the 
greater part of his life to agricultural pur- 
suits, was a well-educated man, possessed 
of a thorough academic education, and 
taught school m.any years. 

The subject proper of this sketch at- 
tended school at Cape May, N. J., until he 
was eleven years of age, and then studied 
at Edgehill School, Princeton, N. J., under 
the preceptorship of his brother James, who 
was one of the professors of that institution. 
While there he united with the First Pres- 
byterian Church, was graduated at Prince- 
ton (N. J.) College in 1867, and then en- 
tered the Theological Seminary at the same 
place, graduating from there in 1870, in 
the spring of which year he was licensed 
and ordained to preach by the Presbyterian 
Church of New Brunswick, N. J. Mr. 
Hughes then taught in Bellefonte (Penn.) 
Academy, from April, 1870, till June, 1873. 
His first charge as pastor was at Unionville, 
Center Co., Penn., where he was installed 
in 1874, remaining there about five years, 
or until 1878, when he accepted a call to 
the Presbyterian Church at Kilbourn City, 
Columbia Co., Wis. Here he continued 
three years, at the end of which time, in 
1 88 1, his health failing him, Mr. Hughes 
resigned the charge, and was looking about 
him for other fields of labor when his 
friends prevailed upon him to accept the 
postmastership of Kilbourn City, which was 
open to him, and he held the incumbency 
over four years. Having by this time re- 
gained his health, he received a call to a 

Presbyterian Church at Shawano, Wis., 
which he accepted, and here he labored 
in the vineyard from 1886 till October, 
1894, the time of his coming to Merrill to 
fill the pulpit of the Presbyterian Church 
at that place. 

Rev. Hughes has been twice married: 
First time July 27, 1870, to Miss Elizabeth 
C. McGinnis, daughter of Rev. J. Y. 
McGinnis, of Shade Gap, Penn., b}- which 
union there were four children: Lyda, 
Mary F., Harold D. and Alice M., the 
first named dying in infancy. The mother 
of these died May 11, 1888, a true Chris- 
tian woman, greatly beloved by all who knew 
her. On September 17, 1891, Mr. Hughes 
was married in New Jersey to Miss Mary C. 
Ayres, a native of that State, born in De- 
cember, 1858, daughter of Samuel and 
Margaret E. (Vail) Ayres, well-to-do farm- 
ing people, also of New Jersey birth, who 
were the parents of four children: Fred- 
erick v., Mary C, Emma L. and Arthur. 
The parents are yet living. Mr. Ayres was 
twice married, and by his first wife had two 
children: Henry C. and Jane L. The 
Ayres family trace their ancestry as far back 
as 1637, to John Ayer (for so the name was 
then spelled), who came in that year from 
(probably) Nottinghamshire, England, to 
Newbury, Mass., and of his nine children 
all except Obadiah remained in New Eng- 
land, where they have numerous descend- 
ants. Obadiah Ayer married Hannah Pike, 
and in 1669-70 moved to Woodbridge, N. J.; 
he also had nine children, the fourth of 
whom was named Obadiah. This Obadiah 
had ten children, all born at the old home- 
stead near Strawberry Hill; Robert, the sev- 
enth of these, had seven children, of whom, 
Frazee, the eldest child, had five children. 
Ellis, the first born of these five, had eleven 
children, and Ezra, the seventh child, had 
ten children, one of whom is Samuel Ayres, 
the father of Mrs. Jacob V. Hughes. The 
Vail family trace their ancestry in England 
as far back as 1630; those of them in this 
country were farmers in New Jersey, and it 
is known that several skirmishes during the 
Revolutionary struggle were fought on their 
farm. By his second marriage Mr. Hughes 
has two children: Margaret Vail Hughes 



and Arthur \ . Our subject is a genial, 
whole-souled, popular man, broad and 
charitable in his views, and, withal, a 
thorough Christian gentleman. 

THOMAS COURT, an influential, 
successful and self-made farmer of 
Dajton township, Waupaca county, 
has lived an eventful life full of 
stirring incidents, and compassing in its 
boundaries a goodly portion of the globe. 

The son of an English brick maker, he 
was born May 5, 1839, in Milton, County 
of Kent. England. When ten years old his 
father died leaving the widow and her two 
sons — Thomas and George — in circum- 
stances so limited that the two lads were in 
early life thrown upon the world. "Tom" 
was a venturesome boy, and when fifteen 
years old he was apprenticed on the brig 
"Active," which was engaged in the 
coal trade between Whitstable, Kent, and 
the northern part of England, our subject's 
first voyage being between Whitstable and 
Newcastle, at which latter place the vessel 
was loaded with gas coal for New York. 
From the latter port she sailed to Wilming- 
ton, N. C, where she was loaded with tur- 
pentine, with which she sailed to Hull, Eng- 
land, where she discharged her cargo and 
then returned to Whitstable, after that 
making a few coasting trips. All this time 
young "Tom" Court was serving on 
her in the capacity of cabin boy. but re- 
ceived such severe treatment that he and 
another boy on the ship decided to run away 
from the vessel, so one evening they put 
their plans into execution by starting off on 
foot for the great city of London, their in- 
tention being, when they got there, to ship 
on board some vessel on which they might 
run a chance of receiving better fare and 
less harsh treatment; but when they had 
tramped about forty miles on their journey 
they were unfortunately caught and sent 
back to their ship at Whitstable, the skip- 
per having discovered their absence and 
telegraphed ahead of them. The next 
six months was a hard time for the 
poor boys, for they were subjected to 
still worse treatment than before, and 

"Tom." driven to desperation, resolved to 
make one more attempt to escape from such 
tyranny — l/i:s time alone — an opportunity 
presenting itself just about six months after 
his first effort, while the vessel, the "Active," 
was lying at Swansea, Wales. "Tom" 
slipped away quietly, and escaping from the 
ship walked forty miles to Cardiff. This 
was the "blackest night " Mr. Court says 
he ever experienced — without money, with- 
out friends, and with the constant dread of 
again being captured and taken back to the 
ship, there to suffer a repetition of his hard- 
ships. It was a dismal trip indeed for the 
plucky boy; but he ultimately arrived safely 
at Cardiff, where he at once found employ- 
ment at loading railroad iron on the ship 
"John Bunyan." When this vessel was 
all ready for sea, Mr. Court shipped aboard 
her in the capacity of "boy before the 
mast," and helped to navigate her to New 
York, at which port he shipped on the 
United States brig "Zachary," bound for 
the West Indies. In this vessel he made 
several trips, making in all five ports in 
Cuba and five in San Domingo. He next 
shipped at New York, on a vessel bound for 
several South American ports, including 
Enanam and Para, but after this voyage, 
and on arriving at New York, he left the 
vessel for a berth on the bark " Montauk," 
bound from New York to Galveston, Texas, 
and return. On this trip, while returning 
to New York and when off Cape Hatteras, 
they for seventeen days experienced such 
severely cold and stormy weather that 
seven of the crew were frozen so badly in 
the hands and feet as to be rendered help- 
less, only four able-bodied seamen, includ- 
ing our subject, being left to assist the 
captain in handling the vessel; after much 
hardship, however, they succeeded in navi- 
gating her as far as the quarantine point at 
the entrance to New York Bay. Here 
they found the bay so full of ice that all 
small or light steam vessels, including tugs, 
were laid up, and a steamboat of the larger 
class had to be employed to tow the ' ' Mon- 
tauk " from quarantine to the New York 
wharfs, for which service the vessel owners 
had to pay one thousand dollars. She 
arrived January 28, 1858, in the depth of a 




most severe winter, the ice in the East river 
being frozen so hard that heavily-laden 
teams were enabled to cross on it between 
New York and Brooklyn. Mr. Court passed 
between eight and nine years as boy and 
able seaman, during which period he made 
two trips to England, one to Hamburg, 
Germany, one to Nova Scotia, passing 
through the Bay of Fundy, also, during the 
same time, putting in three or four months 
on the Erie canal, which probably was the 
first step toward his coming to and finally 
settling in the West. For two seasons he 
followed the lakes in the summer, in winter 
time returning to New York, whence he 
made voyages to the West Indies — thus en- 
joying summer weather the year round. 
While on one of his lake voj'ages, and bus- 
iness being dull, he concluded to try his 
hand in the harvest field, so proceeding to 
Walworth county, Wis. , he readily found 
employment at that work there. At that 
time and place he also met the lad}- who 
afterward became his wife — ' ' met by 
chance, the usual way." The following 
winter was passed in Milwaukee, and in the 
spring he shipped as a sailor on the brig 
" Twilight," but he did not long remain with 
her for, on July 4, 1862, we again find hmi 
in Walworth county, working as a farm 
hand, which occupation of course was not 
what brought him there; it was "metal 
more attractive," no doubt. 

An Arcadian life such as that, however, 
did not seem to satisfy Mr. Court's restless 
disposition. The Civil war being now in 
full blast, he had to prove his loyalty to his 
adopted country by enlisting at Lyons, 
Walworth county, August 14, 1862, in 
Companj' C, Twenty-second Wis. V. I., 
and on the twenty-sixth of the same month 
he vvas married at Racine to Miss Adeline 
C. Lewis — the "sweetheart" he had met in 
Walworth county. His regiment being order- 
ed to Covington, Ky. , it was then equipped 
for active service, which it soon saw, for 
during the winter of 1862-63 it was operat- 
ing against Gen. John Morgan, and in the 
spring of 1863 embarked on transports at 
Louisville, Ky., bound for Nashville, Tenn., 
arriving at Fort Donelson the morning after 
the second battle at that place. From 

Nashville they were ordered to Franklin, 
Tenn., reaching that point in time to take 
part in the battle of Spring Hill, where half 
the regiment was captured (Mr. Court, 
being on detail duty at the time, escaped 
capture), the remainder of the Twenty-sec- 
ond retiring to Brentwood, Tenn. On the 
following Sunday our subject was detailed 
with four others to take as many (five) 
teams and wagons to Franklin, Tenn., where 
he was detained by the officer in charge, 
and so again escaped falling into the hands 
of the Confederates, as the remainder of the 
regiment was captured by Forrest and 
VanDorn at Brentwood, the same week. 
During the following six months Mr. Court 
was detailed as teamster, and kept with the 
ammunition train as far as Chattanooga, 
Tenn., when, his regiment having in the 
meantime been e.xchanged, he rejoined it at 
Murfreesboro, where it became embodied with 
Hooker's Twentieth Army Corps. Mr. Court 
took active part in the remainder of the 
campaign, participating in the battles of 
Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain and Peach Tree 
Creek, at which latter he was severely 
wounded in the left shoulder by a gunshot, 
the event occurring at 2:30 p. m., July 20, 
1 864, in consequence of which he was sent 
to the field hospital, and then to Chatta- 
nooga and Nashville, Tenn. After a fur- 
lough home in Walworth county, \\'is., he 
returned to Nashville, and was orderly for 
Quartermaster Hubbs at Gen. Rousseau's 
headquarters, the regiment having gone 
with Sherman on his famous march to the 
sea. He participated in the fight at Nash- 
ville December 15 and 16, 1864, remained 
in that vicinity until the close of the war, 
and was discharged at Madison, Wis., June 
14, 1865, after thirty-four months of service. 
Mr. Court as already stated had been 
married to Adeline C. Lewis, who was born 
near Middlebury, Vt., October 4, 1844. 
They began housekeeping in Lyons township, 
Walworth county, on rented land, and in 
the fall of 1867 went to Milwaukee, where 
he was engaged in teaming through the 
winter, and in the following spring they re- 
moved to Manitowoc. In the fall of iS6y 
Mr. Court and a partner took a lumbering 
contract in Glenmore township. Brown 



county, and here in Section 26 he bought 
some timber land and settled. In the spring 
of 18S3 he removed to Dayton township, 
Waupaca county, for a few months living 
on a rented farm, but in June of the same 
year he bought 180 acres of unimproved 
land in Sections 14 and 15, that township; 
the improvements he has made here are 
substantial well-constructed buildings. The 
family of Mr. and Mrs. Court consists of 
George F., a farmer of Dayton township; 
RomeliaJ., wife of Oscar Gotham, of the 
same township; Burtis C. ; Thomas Edgar, 
and Frank W. , at home. In Glenmore 
Mr. Court was a justice of the peace for 
some seven years. He has been a delegate 
to many county Republican conventions, 
and was a delegate to the Congressional 
Convention at Stevens Point in i 894, which 
nominated E. S. Minor for Congress. Soci- 
ally, he is a member of the R. A. M., at 
Waupaca, Chapter 39, and of Lodge No. 
153, F. & A. M. ; also a member of Gar- 
field Post, No. 21, G. A. R. Mrs. Court is 
serving her second j'ear as president of Wau- 
paca Relief Corps No. 93, au.xiliary to Gar- 
field Post. She is also a member of the 
M. E. Church at Parfreyville, and among 
the foremost in church work. 

• Mr. Court has, by an extensive course 
of reading, and by observation and travel, 
more than overcome the educational dis- 
advantages under which he labored in his 
youth. He is one of the best informed men 
of the township, and an authority upon 
many matters of vital interest to the farmer. 
His sympathies and efforts can be enlisted 
in any good movement for the general 
welfare. He is blessed with an intelligent 
and kind-hearted wife, possessed of an ex- 
cellent farm, and endowed with a ripe and 
generous judgment. His influence is wide 
and his friends are innumerable. 

classed among the leading and in- 
tluental citizens of Spencer, Wood 
county, where he has now made his 
home for twenty years. He is a native of 
Canada, born February 18, 1832, in Comp- 
ton. Province of Quebec, and is a son of 

Daniel C. Richardson, who was born in 
Plymouth, N. H., in 1793. The grand- 
father, David Richardson, who was born in 
1764, was a farmer by occupation, and he 
and his father, Zebediah Richardson, served- 
as soldiers during the Revolutionary war. 

When but eight years of age the father 
of our subject removed with his parents to 
Canada, where he grew to manhood and 
there married Olive Huntington, a native of 
Connecticut, born in December, 1801. 
They had a family of five children, one of 
whom died in infancy; those still living are 
Chauncey K., Emma H., Louisa O. and 
David F. The father was drafted into the 
British army in the war of 181 2, and partic- 
ipated in the battle of Plattsburg. He was 
a miller by occupation, owning a grist and 
saw mill, which he operated for many years. 
His death occurred in Canada in 1845, his 
wife surviving him several years, and dying 
in January, 1876. After the death of Mr. 
Richardson she married Benjamin Hitch- 

The subject proper of this sketch was 
but thirteen years of age when his father 
died, and as his mother remarried two years 
later, he started out in life for himself. He 
had received a substantial education in the 
schools of his native countrj', and at the age 
of eighteen began teaching. In the spring 
of 1850 he came to Wisconsin, locating in 
Delton, where he taught school and also 
engaged in lumbering, there residing for 
eleven years, making his home with his 
uncle, L. Huntington, a brother of his 
mother. In September, 1861, Mr. Rich- 
ardson joined "the bo3'S in blue," becoming 
a member of Company E, Twelfth Wis. V. 
I., commanded by Col. George E. Bryant. 
He served for a year and a half, being dis- 
charged in March, 1S63, with the rank of 
sergeant. He belonged to the Western 
army, and \aliantly aided in the defense of 
his adopted country. After his return to 
Wisconsin, Mr. Richardson continued teach- 
ing during the winter months, while in the 
summer he was employed in mills, but 
later engaged in farming in Sauk county. 
Wis., at which occupation he remained four 
years. In November, 1875, ^^ came to 
Spencer, Marathon county, where he taught 



school one term, when he again engaged in 
milling, but later became a lumber grader 
and shipper. This business he followed 
until 1886, when on account of failing 
health he laid aside all business cares and 
has since lived a retired life. 

On September 24, 1861, Mr. Richardson 
was united in marriage with x\manda M. 
T3'ler, who is also a native of Canada, born 
in 1S40, daughter of Rev. Amos and Emogene 
(Todd) Tyler. By this union have been 
born three children, one of whom died in 
infancy; Daniel V. and \'erna are still 
living, and the former is now married and 
edits the Loyal Tribune, of Loyal, Wis. 
In political opinions Mr. Richardson sides 
with the Republicans, and is an important 
member of that party, though not a politi- 
cian. He has been justice of the peace and 
town clerk, serving in those offices to the 
satisfaction of all concerned. In religious 
belief he is a member of the Free Baptist 
Church, while socially he belongs to the 
Order of Good Templars, and also holds 
membership with the Grand Army of the 
Republic. His hand is never withheld from 
doing good, and he is a benevolent man as 
well as a worthy citizen, having the respect 
and confidence of the entire communitv. 

the representative citizens of Marsh - 
field. Wood county, who is now serv- 
ing as municipal judge, was born in 
Prussia, Germany, January i, 1844, and is 
a son of Christian Hirth, who was born in 
the same locality in 1803. He enlisted in 
the German army as a private, but meri- 
torious conduct won him promotion to the 
rank of lieutenant, and for eighteen years he 
did service under his country's flag. In his 
native land he married Minnie Frank, and 
they had eight children, all born in Germany, 
namely: Albert, Frederick, William, Ernest, 
Amelia and Minnie, all living; and Henry 
and Julius, now deceased. These brothers 
were both soldiers in the Union army during 
the war of the Rebellion, and one was killed 
at the battle of Vicksburg, while the other 
died in a Rebel prison— thus giving their 
lives in defense of their adopted country. 

In 1848 the father resigned his position 
in the German army, and with his eldest son 
Albert, came to America. Later he re- 
turned to the land of his birth, sold his farm 
and other property, and brought his family 
to the United States, settling in Dodge 
county. Wis., on a farm near Mayville. 
This was in 1850, and he remained upon 
that farm until within four years of his death, 
when he removed to the city of Mayville, 
where he died in 1872. He was a man of 
scholarly attainments, highly educated, and 
was very popular, winning a host of warm 
friends. In political affairs he took an 
active interest, and was a stalwart advocate 
of the Republican party. The mother of 
our subject died in 1853, and the father 
afterward married Lenna Matta, by whom he 
had six children: Charles, Christian, Lenna, 
Arlenna, Emma and Bertha. The mother 
of this famil}' is still living. 

William Hirth was a lad of only six 
summers when by his parents he was brought 
to Wisconsin. Upon the home farm he was 
reared' to manhood, and in the log school 
house of the neighborhood his education was 
acquired. He aided his father in the labors 
of the fields until seventeen years of age, 
and then began work in his own interest, 
being employed as a farm hand until twenty- 
four years of age. Mr. Hirth was then 
united in marriage with Miss Johanna Miller, 
the wedding being celebrated in May, 1868. 
The lady is a native of German\' and a 
daughter of Mathew and Fredricke (Redle) 
Miller, farming people who came to America 
in 1852. Their family consisted of six chil- 
dren, namely: Fredericke, Johanna, Chris- 
tine, Mary, Carrie and John. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hirth have been born two children, 
Emma and Charles. 

After his marriage Mr. Hirth took up 
work at the carpenter's trade which he suc- 
cessfully followed until 1892. He came to 
Marshheld in 18S2, and continued car- 
pentering, many evidences of his handiwork 
being seen in this place. At various times 
his fellow citizens have called him from 
private life to public office, and in all he has 
maintained his high reputation as a valued 
and prominent citizen. In 1883 he was 
elected justice of the peace and police jus- 

33 + 


tice, the first officer of the kind in Marsh- 
field, and four years later was elected 
municipal judge, in which capacity he has 
since served with credit to himself and satis- 
faction of his constituents. He is a warm 
advocate of Democratic principles, and has 
frequently been sent as delegate to county 
and State conventions, where he has been a 
leading member. During the Civil war he 
manifested his loj'alty to the government 
and the Union cause by several times at- 
tempting to enlist, but his father interfered 
with his entering the army on account of his 
e.xtreme youth. He has ever been devoted 
to the best interests of the community in 
which he makes his home, as a public- 
spirited and progressive citizen, and he and 
his wife hold membership with the German 
Lutheran Church. 

JAMES MILLER, one of the oldest 
residents and best known citizens of 
Grand Rapids, ^^^ood county, claims 
Pennsylvania as the State of his na- 
tivity, his birth having occurred in Luzerne 
county, July 31, 1828. He is a son of 
George T. and Mary (Search) Miller, who 
were also natives of the Keystone State. 

The early life of aur subject was quietly 
passed, he being reared to manhood under 
the parental roof, obtaining his education in 
the common schools of the neighborhood. 
His first independent effort in life was at the 
age of eighteen when he began learning the 
tailor's trade. He made himself thoroughly 
familiar with the business in all its details, 
and has since kept abreast of the time in 
styles and improvements. With the excep- 
tion of two years he has always followed his 
chosen vocation, and has secured a well- 
deserved success. In 1866 he came to 
Grand Rapids, and opening a tailoring estab- 
lishment has supplied the wants of the pub- 
lic in his line, good workmanship guarantee- 
ing him a liberal patronage. 

Mr. Miller has twice been married; first 
time to Miss Caroline Teats, of New Jersey 
(who died in 1S73), their wedding being cel- 
ebrated in eastern Pennsylvania ere his arri- 
val at Grand Rapids. Of their union four chil - 
dren were born, three of whom are yet living. 

namel)': William H. , a commercial traveler, 
residing in Duluth, Minn. ; Mary Emma, now 
the wife of E. B. Brundage, the efficient 
postmaster of Grand Rapids; and Arthur G., 
who is now located in Dexterville, Wis. In 
1874 Mr. Miller was again married, this time 
to Miss Alice Daugherty, daughter of John 
and Mary Daugherty, and they have five 
children, all living at this writing (July, 
1895), namely: Milton J., Guy Halifax, 
Harry, Carrie and Lloyd. Mr. Miller also 
has living one sister, Harriet Ellen, and one 
brother, Jesse Clinton, both residing in New 
Columbia, Pennsylvania. 

In his social relations Mr. Miller is a 
member of Grand Rapids Lodge No. 91, 
I. O. O. F. The family attend the services 
of the Methodist Church, and in this com- 
munity are people of prominence, their 
friends being many. Mr. Miller represented 
his ward in the city council for two years, 
and proved a trustworthy and capable offi- 
cial, but has never sought or desired political 
preferment. His duties of citizenship are 
faithfull}' performed, and he is both public- 
spirited and progressive. During his long 
residence in Grand Rapids his life has been 
a most honorable and upright one, winning 
him the confidence and high regard of all 
with whom business or social relations have 
brought him in contact. 

LEE M. WILLARD, M. D., a prom- 
inent young physician of ^^'ausau, 
who makes a specialty of diseases of 
the eye, ear and throat, was born in 
Neenah, Wis., only child born to Van R. 
Willard (attorney at law, of Merrill) and 
Cynthia (Perkins) Willard, the former a 
native of Wisconsin and the latter of New- 
York State. 

In the spring of 1874 the parents of our 
subject removed to Merrill, Wis., and here 
the Doctor was reared to manhood, receiv- 
ing his primary education in the public and 
high schools of that city. After completing 
his education he commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. \\'ylie, and in 1887 en- 
tered the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
of Chicago, graduating from that institution 
with the class of 1891. He afterward took 



the competitive examination for resident 
surgeon, and was appointed house surgeon 
for the Illinois Charitable Eye and Ear 
Infirmarj', and filled that position for one 
year, after which he commenced the practice 
of his profession in W'ausau, where his 
skillful treatment of diseases of the eye, ear 
and throat has earned for him an enviable 

In January, 1894, he was married, in 
Chicago, to Miss Eva May Pennywell, a 
daughter of M. F. and Alice Pennywell, resi- 
dents of Chicago, who had two daughters 
born to them, namely: Margaret, wife of 
Stephen Losh, of Saundersville, Ohio, and 
Eva Ma}', wife of Dr. Willard. The Doctor 
is a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, and Myrtle Lodge No. 78, Knights 
of Pythias, of Merrill. He resides in Wau- 
sau, but practices his profession both in 
Wausau and Merrill, and enjoys the esteem 
of a large circle of friends and acquaint- 

ly-respected citizen and prosperous 
merchant of Elmhurst, Langlade 
count}-, has also the honor of being 
the first settler in that thriving little town. 
He is of German nationality, having been 
born in the Province of Brunswick May 13, 
1833. His parents, Frederic and Rosina 
(Lane) Spoehr, were also of German birth, 
and his father was a carpenter by trade. 

The parental family of our subject com- 
prised eight children, of whom four died in 
infancy. The eldest child, Henry, died in 
Germany when twenty-eight years of age; 
Christiana died at Shiocton, Outagamie 
county. Wis., in 1891; Fredrick is our sub- 
ject; Ernest is a farmer, living in Outagamie 
county. Wis. The family emigrated to this 
country in 1856, with the e.xception of 
Fredrick, who had preceded them two 
years, coming over in 1854. The father 
purchased land in the town of Bovina in the 
above-mentioned county. It was all wild 
land, far from civilization, the nearest 
neighbor north being eighteen miles away. 
He at once set to work to clear away the 
forests, build roads, cultivate the fields and 

prepare a home for his loved ones. This he 
did with the help of his sons and his good